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i. , ™.i.4v- •»* ' «™»« Kwrfff *"'' I if *' * Fog* Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wednesday, January 30, 1946 Worth A Million? -® The IT TAKES DIMES AND DOLLARS Last year the National Foundation spent over a million dollars in its battle against Infantile Paralysis. Your dimes and dollars will make a fund available for the emergency aid so vital to unfortunate victims. Mail or bring your share to Mr. T. S. Cornelius, Box 85, Hope, Arkansas. Your support is needed in this national fight against polio. No one can predict where it will strike or whose child will be next Young or old — weak or strong are likely victims. The poorest and richest homes are invaded alike. For that reason America must be strongly prepared to meet whatever emergency may develop. The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis is carrying on the great battle. It renders expert care and treatment to all polio victims regardless of race, creed or color. This protection is Your Protection! We must be prepared for any future epidemic emergencies that may arise. Your dimes can help. PARALYSIS DOESN'T WAIT, SO PLEASE .... DON'T YOU WAIT. THE MARCH OF DIMES THIS PAGE SPONSORED BY: J. C. Penney Co, Inc. Shields Food Store Greening Insurance Co. Monts Seed Store Stewart's Jewelry Store Moore Brothers Miss Henry's Shop Susy-See Grocery Chas. A. Haynes Co. Ward & Son Witt's Shoe Store Geo. W, Robison & Co. Scott Stores Byers' Drug Store Talbot's Saenger-Rialto-New Theatres Hope Retail Lumber Yard Berwick's Eiectric Service Hempstead County Lumber Co. Dennis' Food Store Rephan's Morgan & Lindsey Hobb's Grocery & Mkt. Owen's Dept. Store Montgomery Ward Order Office City Bakery Hope Furniture Co. Archer Motor Co. Diamond Cafe Automotive Parts Co. Duffie Hardware Co. Western Auto Associate Store Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn McCtcllan Cautious on Expediting British Loan Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair and colder this afternoon and in oast and south portions tonight; lowest tempera- lues 20-24 north and 24-28 south portion; Friday partly cloudy, warmer northwest jjortion. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 92 Star of HODS. 1899: Press. 1927 Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 1946 'API—Means Associated Press INEA)—Means Newsoaoer Enterorlse Assn. PRICE 5c COPY President Truman yeslerdny urged prompt action on the proposal to loan Great Britain nearly t4 billion dollars. w Personally I, too, favor the loan. Many Americans slill hold a prejudice againsl Ihc British, but the prejudiced arc in the minority. We have not been happy in our experience wilh pasl American loans lo Europe—and yet, when the blue chips were down in World War II mosl of our old debtors came up fighting on our side. But you may favor ultimately loaning Britain the money—without doing so al once. On January 17 Senator John L. S-McClcllan issued from Washington d press statement on this point. I should say, without attempting to quote the senator directly, lhal Mr. MeClcllan on Ihc whole Is in favor of making the British loan. Bul here's his reason for delaying action now: "It occurs to me thai Ihc heller part of wisdom suggests thai the congress defer action for a reasonable length of lime on the British loan anJ await developments with respect lo other applications in Ihe hope that before we enter upon this '.•gigantic venture of substantially financing world rehabilitation oi 1 becoming Ihe 'chief mainlainer of JSurppc', thai we view Ihc overall picture and reckon with the possibilities of our own financial ability to assume Ihe additional tremendous burden lhal such a policy and program ultimately will entail. "It is argued lhal by making such loans we arc pursuing a good neighbor policy. . . . Could we afford to strengthen the bonds of friendship existing between Amcr- ifca and Britain by making a |oan To her, than later refuse lo make a comparable loan lo Russia. France. China, Poland and others, and thereby incur their displeasure and impair instead of strengthen the bonds of friendship we have wilh those countries?" * -K * BY JAMES THRASHER New Intelligence Agency Whether or nol Ihis country's armed forces arc placed under a unified command, there is promise that Ihc heads of those armed '••forces will, in the near future, have a unified foreign intelligence agency al Iheir disposal. President Truman's creation of a National Intelligence Aulhorily should correct a longstanding weakness in our foreign service. In tho past our collection and correlation of foreign diplomatic, mililary and economic information has been admittedly haphazard. It has been gathered on a sort of spare-lime basis,, and passed along without vory.much scientific evaluation. '^" Thistmay or may not have been done through a delicate disinclina- ~4ie*u4o"-offerid our neighbors by "spying" on them. But it is rather certain that Ihc major powers, friendly and unfriendly, have fell no such delicacy toward us, and have had a much better idea of our doings than we have had of theirs. Now we have an agency which, ' if it works out as well in practice as il looks in print, will be a clearing house of information for Ihc Slalc. War and Navy Departments, MJrom which it gets ils funds and to whose secretaries it will be responsible. To Send Vets' Families Overseas Washington, Jan. 31 — (/I 1 )— The army put the clincher loday on what il has been saying about a long occupation job. It's going to let families of officers and lop noncoms join them overseas. The slep has been advocaled in ;md oul of Congress for months uoth as a stabilizing influence for the occupation forces and as a contribution lo morale. Normally Ihc army docs nol permit families lo join men on active service overseas unless they arc engaged in strictly garrison duties, such as in pre-war days at the Canal Zone, Hawaii and the Philippines . The big lipol'f of an extended oc cupalion job was Ihc announcement thai priority will go to fam Mies of men agreeing to remain abroad two more years, or at least one. Personnel affected by the announcement arc commissioned and warrant officers; master, first, technical and slaff sergeants, anc certain War Department civilian employes whose families arc au Ihoriy.cd by law lo Iravcl al fed eral expense. For the time being, at least, dc pendents of . the lower enlistee grades will not be permitted to gc overseas, War Department officialt said, because of a housing short age. However, the army was saic to 1 be studying a proposal to in elude them in Ihc program later Even for families technically eligible there were some catches in the program announced late yesterday by the War Department. In the firsl place, theater commanders must certify thai adequate housing, food and medical care is available. Also preference will be given families of those with the most service since Pearl Harbor, provided the officer or non-com has agreed lo slay overseas for Ihc one or more years. And, applications must originate with the men overseas, nol wilh Iheir depcndcnls. The War Department indicated that the movement of the firsl dc- pendcnls to Europe is expected lo start some lime after April I. A month later it will get under way lo the Philippines, Japan, Korea and Ihc Hyukyu island chain, l,300JewT Arrested in Palestine Chinese Civil War Ends; Coalition to Provide Democracy Men's Teeth Fell Out, and Some Lost Their Hair, as Aftermath of Atom Bombing c«>-- - - — -•• By FRANK CAREY I Even though those effects were Washington, Jan. 31 — (/P)— The | noted, Timmes said the viclims did atomic bomb which fell on Naga- nol absorb radiant energy "in saki literally loosened Ihe Icelh of those who survived and left some with radioactive gold fillings. It also caused many to lose their hair, bul no one wound up completely bald. This was reported toriay by Comdr. Joseph Timmes of Ihe Navy Medical Corps who examined some of Ihe living viclims approximately a month after the bomb blast. . . , One also said the "radiation sickness" produced a form of anemia, due directly to the fact thai rays from Ihe bomb interfered with the functions of the bone marrow — one of the principal manufacturing sites of red blood cells." Some viclims, ho said in a report in the naval medical bulletin, also a deficiency of while blood mcch- invasion. showed :ells — nature's protective Einism againsl disease inva large amounts." This was indicated, he declared, by attaching X-ray films lo the limbs of atomic viclims in hospil- als and keeping Ihc films in place for 11! hours. "All of Ihcse films," lie said, "failed to reveal radiation which may be explained by the tact that although these vic- lims were exposed lo forms of radiant energy Ihcy did nol absorb any in large amounts." Timmes' report appeared! short ly after it war learned lhal army and navy scienlisls have begun lab- oralory examination of Ihc organs of many of Ihc Japanese who were killed by Ihc bomb blasls al Oiro- shima and Nagasaki. The posl-morlen studies on material flown here from Japan are being conducted at Ihe Army In- slitule of Pathology and at the i Naval Medical Research Instilute. This setup is contrary to some of the recommendations of Maj.-Gcn. William J. Donovan, who headed the wartime Office of Strategic Services and who suggested the new agency. General Donovan preferred thai Ihc agency be responsible to Congress for ils finances and its findings. The final organization within Ihe cabinet may well be an improvement. There may be less democracy in such an '*^irraiigement. But probably there also will be less chance of tho agency becoming a political football. The Presidential directive outlining the agency's functions puts the accent on national security. How much this will involve cloak-and- dagger methods remains lo be seen—Ihough doubtless not by Ihe public. However, it certainly will involve some secrecy. And that secrecy can be maintained bel- ter and employed more effectively .••^(Ihin the confines of the three 'Cabinet posts than il could by passing through Congress. It may seem odd thai this organization is being set up al Ihc same time our representatives are meeting wilh other world delegations in London to effectuate closer co-operation among nations and to shift the emphasis of international politics from absolute sovereignty to collective .security. But the coin cidence, if odd, is also realistic. America's leading place in the .effort to unite the nations for fj'cace cannol be denied, or our good '"'aith questioned. Al Ihe same time, we live in a world of hardheaded, nol-loo-squcamtsh nations. With all of America's hope and trust in international unity, with all our striving to make thai unity a reality, we must face the facl that it is not yet time to abandon military vigilance. Thai lime will come. But meanwhile we should put our vigilance on a par with thai of other great powers. A major factor in that vigilance i i;; foreign intelligence. Poarl Harr bor taught us thai. And perhaps 4he most valuable lesson lo be learned from Ihe present Pearl Harbor investigation is the great p£rt that inadequate foreign information, badly handled, played contributing to a full-sc tary disaster New York, Jan. 30 — (&}— Kitty Kujmcil, a wee bit of a eat born in iounly Limerick in Eire, took up residence today in city hall when; an old County Mayo boy, J^Jay.or William O'Dwyer, is head man., The cat slowed away aboard a Pan American World Airways clipper al Shannon, County Limerick, and was presented to city )•«!! by an airline stewardess. Originally she was dubbed O'Clippcr, but city hall atlaches decided Kitly Koun cil would be more apropriale. There are 2500 varielies of animals on exhibit in tho Washington Jerusalem, Jan. 31 — (UP) — Thirteen hundred suspected .Jewish terrorists were arrested in Jerusalem and Jaffa and British troops searched Tel Aviv for hidden arms Wednesday in a surprise move to forestall violence in today's Jewish prolesl strike, Palestine police, supported by British regulars, cordoned off entire sections of Jerusalem and Jaffa early Wednesday, following news thai Jewish leaders had ordered a three-hour strike for today's in protest againsl Britain's policy. The raiders took 500 Jews from their homes in JcJrusalcm and another 1)00 in Jaffa All Ihe Jerusalem suspects wore released after a lengthy police questioning, bul an undisclosed number of those arrested at Jaffa were held. Units of the British Sixth Airborne Division slagcd a housc-by- house search for arms in the Jewish coastal colony of Tel Aviv. The British used automatic de- lector instruments in the search, bul there was no official word whether any weapons or ammunition were discovered. GM Would Up Wage Offer for'Security 7 By ROY J FORREST Detroit, Jan 31 — 'UP) —General Motors and CIO United Auto Workers officials resume negotia- lions today under an indirect company offer lo increase its 13 1-2 cents an hour'wage offer in exchange for security concessions and an immediate end of the 72- day UAW strike. Top leaders of the disputing sides renewed negotiations under the guidance of James F Dcvvcy, 59-year-old mediator representing Secretary of Labor Lewis B Schwcllenbach. Their firsl session in more lhan a month,was held yeslerday. Harry W Anderson, General Motors vice president .touched off an exchange of statements with R. J. Thomas, UAW international president, by refusing to lop the 13 1-2 cents an hour increase offer "unlil Ihe provisions of a new contract •arc worked out." Thomas accused him of acting in bad faith and said the strike of 175,000 UAW members would con- linuc until General Motors receded from its position Anderson proposed in cffccl lhal: 1—The 175,000 strikers return to work immedialely, wilh a pay raise of 13 1-2 cenls. 2—Negotiations continue on other provisions of the contract while reconversion work proceeds 3—Final wage rales be sclllcd later when volume production is reached and the general level of pay in Ihe heavy goods industry is "reasonably determined." In reply, Thomas said: 1—The union was willing to re- inslals Ihe cancelled contract. 2—GM acted in bad faith in renewing the 13 1-2 cent offer, counter to the 10 1-2 cent raise recommended by President Truman's fact-finding board, and to Ford Motor Company's 18-ccnt hike and Continued on Page Twc Airliner Is Believed Crashed Idle in Steel Strike Near Million Total Rats, Cesspool, Outhouse Are Some of Epithets Provoked by Bilbo in Sedate Senate m mili- By JAMES E ROPER Washington, Jan .31 — (UP)—Sen. Theodore G. Bilbo, ID., Miss., loday promised the Senate an exceptionally "inspired" harrangue against the FEPC, and perhaps a few words un who's a rat. Rep. Vito Marcanlonia, A-L., N. Y., said Bilbo was a rat. Re]). Adam C. Powell, Jr., Negro Democrat from New York, said Bilbo also was "the cesspool of American Fascism and the outhouse of American Nazism." They offered these comments after Bilbo said they were Communists. Bilbo also said Rep. Hugh Dc- ,Lac.y, D., Wash., was a Commu- jnisl! DeLacy admonished Bilbo lo "examine his own Americanism." In belween llicsc exchanges, Sen. James M. Mead, D., N. Y., was iccused of using "cry-baby" lac- tics to gel the Senate floor lo speak n behalf of Ihe bill. II would establish a permanent fair employment practices commission ty> combat racial and religious discrimination -ii hiring. The filibusterers told Mead to just try to gel Ihe floor. Mead threatened to oppose a Senate recess until he gets to speak "in my own right." Bul Bilbo held the floor, and said he was "just gelling started" after ycslcr The filibusters probably will defeat the move lo invoke clolurc. Bilbo said he would like il by himself, if necessary, to turn back Ihe "Communisl - front" organizations which he says arc backing FEPC. Chavez asked whether Bilbo eon sidered as Communist specific Catholic churchmen who support FEPC. "When God puts his hands on a man, I take mine off," Bilbo replied. Bilbo accused Chavez of trying to trap him into saying he is against Catholics. "I am not againsl Calholies," Bilbo slated firmly to Chavez. "You are a Catholic, and you ought to know about your preachers. I'll take care of these Baplists a n d Methodists." He listed the names of DeLacy, Marcantonio and Powell, emitting a disdainful laugh after each name. They're Communists, he said. The representatives al the other end of Ihc capitol exploded when they heard Bilbo's charge. Said Powell: "It's ridiculous to call me a Communist, but 1 would far rather be a Communist than be Jiiilbo. . . It won't be long before the sane white people of Mississippi will knock him out of office on Denver, Jan. 31—(/II— Hope foi Ihc lives of 21 persons aboard i missing Unilcd Air Lines Iranspor virtually was abandoned loday afl cr an aerial search disclosed wha was believed lo be Ihc wreckage o Ihc plane high on Ihc snow-covcrer Elk mountain, 65 miles norlhwes of Laramie, Wyo. Capt. Frank Crismon, assislan supervisor of flighl operation here, led the aerial search which began at daylight when the plane was several hours overdue here -in a flight from Seallle lo New York. Snow near Ihe lop of Elk nwunlain which lowers 11,125 feet,, in. .the. eastern fringe of the Rockies. He said broken clouds and a sliff wind made close approach to Ihc peak impossible. Crismon did not report any signs of fire or a definite sighting of Ihc smashed plane bul said he w convinced lhal whal he saw marked the crash of the transport.. UAL officials here speculated that tho body of the plane might be buried in the deep snow. Crismon returned to Cheyenne, about 100 miles east of Elk'moun- tain, lo organize a ground search party but il was expccled lo be many hours before they could reach Ihc remole medicine bow range area. Eighteen passengers and a crew of three were aboard the two-engine DDouglas transport, including 12 army personnel being re-deployed from the Pacific coast Among the civilian passengers were Mr. and Mrs. George A. Ben dor of Sheffield, 111., who were married Monday at Twin Falls Ida. The accident, firsl fatal mishai on United Air Lines in almost fom years, probably occurred arounc 3 a. m. (Mountain Standard Time) the flighl having made a routine report from over Sinclair, Wyo. a few miles to the wesl al 2:41 a. in. no trouble was reported fron Ihc plane at lhal lime and no bac weather was reported along the route. Names of Ihe soldiers were with held pending notification of th ncxl of kin. „^__——„ — O *- ' ~~" Fayetteville Says A. U. Not House-Minded By WALTER LOGAN Chungking, Jan. 31 — (UP) — Jhina's 18 years of civil strife end- d tonight when leaders of the na- ion's major parlies agree unani- nously on formation of a coalition jovcrnment to rule until the new democratic conslilulion is adopted cxt spring. The interim govcrnmcnl plan was pproved withoul a dissenting vote it an exlraordinary session of Ihc icoplc's consullalive assembly which has been meeling almost 'onlinuously for the past month lo work oul a national unification program. The delegates, representing all of China's leading political factions, adopted five resolutions on which he broad platform of national inily will be creeled. The resolutions fixed the size and political make-up of the na- uomu assembly which will ratify he new constitution, provided for •eduction and merger of the Na- Lionalisl and Communisl armies, reorganization of the government net-up, and outlined a program of nalinal reconstruction The mililary resolution called for reduction of the Nalionalisl armies ,o 90 divisions and Ihe Communisl torces to 20 divisions, bolh lo merge and reorganize along western lines under supervision of a joinl commillee, with U. S. Ambassador Gen. George C. Marshall as special scrviser. The reorganization resolution would require Generalissimo Chaing Kai-shek's Kuominlang lo give up seven or eighl cabinet posts and add three to five non- portfolio ministries, giving all par- lies representation in the cxcculive Yuan. II also provided for formation of a station council to include 20 Kuominlang members and 20 from other parlies. In Ihc national assembly rcsolu lion, Ihe Kuominlang yielded to Communist demands for- a reorganization of thai body in advance of the constitutional meeting. II was agreed lhal Ihc 900 assembly members elected 10 years ago would be continued, and that another 300 to e elecled under the same law ould be 150 delegates from Man- uiria, Formosa and other oully rig areas, plus 700 appointed mem ess. Of the 700 appointees, the Ciiomintang would name 220, the ^btnmunists 190, -the Democrali •130,.- the ..YouUis-.Earty.-.10C Pittsburgh, Jan. 31 — (IP}— The nationwide steel strike, now in its llth day, picked up mornenlum today in its impact on related Indus tries, making idle more lhan 10,000 workers for a total of 54,000 to date. The figures do nol include the aproximately 750,000 ClO-Unilcd Steelworkcrs directly concerned in the strike. The Ford Rouge planl al Dclroil laid off 5,000 assembly line workers on ils morning shift loday .This is in addition to 15,000 sent home last Friday. The Rouge plant slill has 50,000 workers left bul only a few of Ihcse are on assembly. The Oliver Corp., makers ol farm implements and tractors, an nounccd at Chicago it was dismissing for an indefinite period about 5,200 employes in five planls. Oliver officials said furlher layoffs, and possibly plant shutdowns, were imminent because of shortages resulting from strikes in the Arkansas Lagging on Draff Quota, But Other States Also Little Rock, Jan. 31 — (VP)— Arkansas has filled only about 75 per cent of its monthly draft quota since Japan's surrender but is doing as well as most other states, Brig. Gen. E. L. Compere, stale director of selective service, said today. Arkansas' quoUi, he said, is about 800 to 900 eligible men in not that number of eligible men is not available. The quota for January, he asserted, will fall short by about 25 per the cent. But nalion as day's speech which lasted 2 hours I that part of his anatomy where his and 1U minutes. He warned then brains are undoubtedly located." that "sixty days isn'l loo long lo Said Marcantonio: "1 Ihink speak on this bill." Bilbo's a rat and let him make speak _ . . .. "But I speak by inspiration, and I have no idea when I will top," he told rcporlers with a chuckle. The fight over the FEPC today cnlcred its third week, wilh no signs of an immediate break. Sen. Dennis Chavez, D., N. M., FEPC sponsor, postponed filing a pelilion to Jimil debale until next week. The petition bears 44 signatures, but lie wanted lo sign up several more supporters who are oul of town. something out of it." Said DeLacy: "The senator, who feels compelled to disguise himself as a laundry man in order to go unrecognized through veterans' protest picket lines in front of his house should examine his own Americanism before he undertakes lo use Hiller's red-bailing weapon againsl House members supporting the end of discrimination in this country." nd non-partisan groups 70. The'distribution would make •npossiblc for the Kuominlang tc hange Ihe constitution alone, since would lack the necessary three ourths inajorily. The assembly is scheduled iccl on May 6 lo adopt the nev onslilulion. Communisl Leader Chou En-Lai ilcdged his party's support to the ew unity program "for the eslab- ishmcnl of a new and peaceful China." steel, electrical and ball bearing ndustries. Another 10,000 workers will be died tomorrow when the Ford Moor Company closes six branch lants. Other Ford planl and deparlment hutdowns between now and Feb. will make idle slill another 10,000 vorkers, or a tolal of 40,000 in all. The increasing speed of the lay- ffs lenl credence to earlier pre- iclions of business and union lead- rs lhal more lhan 1,000,000 work- TS in related industries would be orced oul of work if Ihe sleel Irikc conlinues five weeks. While Reconversion Direclor tohn Snyder expressed hope of a settlement this week, such an outcome appeared lo hinge on whelh- er Ihe government will allow a irice for sleel which industry rep- cscnlalivcs consider sufficient to enable them to pay USW wage de- nands. The steel workers ask 18 1-2 cents an hour. U. S. Steel, tacilly acceplcd bargainer for mosl of the steel companies, says through its chairman, Irving S. Olds, it must lave an increase "very much" more than $4 a Ion before il can pay a raise of more than 15 cents an hour. The government has been, reported willing lo allow $4 a ton although Ihc OPA has held slead- fasl lo ils original assertion that no more than $2.50 should be granted. At Washington, the OPA said the he pointed out that .... a whole is running about 25 per cent behind ils quola. o Main-Elm St. Alley Is Blocked Rumors about an attempt lo close Ihe business district alley running east and west belween Main and Elm slreels came to a head this morning when a couple of loads of rock and gravel were dumped in the Ihoroughfare, effectively closing it. A city policeman was slalioned at Ihe alley immedialely aflerward, but it was already blocked. City police had no slalement lo make, asserting there was no public aclion in Ihe mailer, which would probably be settled by pri- vale civil suit Possession of the alley is reported claimed by the estale of Ihc lale Capt.. Norris O'Neal, son of Mr. and Mrs. N. P. O'Neal, the estale owning the adjacent Arkansas Bank & Trust Co. building. Rumors have been current for several months thai the Arkansas Bank & Trust Co. building would be remodeled and extended southward, closing Ihe mouth of the alley opening on Main streel . The alley, has been a public thoroughfare for about 50 years although reportedly never dedicaled lo the public. o Chile Labor Union Orders Men to Work <cur.ron&<waightecUaverage- price of all carbon sleel producls is $54 a ton and thai any increase would be added to this. Increases for some products would be more than for others. Chairman Olds said a sleel price "grcally in excess of $6.25 a ton" would be required to meet the 18 1-2 cents an hour wage increase recommended by President Trunan. •— •—o Cold Wove Fayetlevillc, Jan. 31 — (/I 1 ) — FaycUcvillo businessmen toda charged that their efforts to allcvi ate the critical housing problen facing University of Arkansas sti dents had been "brushed off" b university officials. Two university officials said the would consider the businessmen' offer to help "if necessary" an added that the housing siluatio was not as bad as reprcscntec They also denied reports that scv eral veterans seeking lo enter Ih university had been turned awa and told no housing was available The university, it was pointe oul, is preparing additional accon modations in barracks al Cam Neil Martin on the campus an also is building a village of trailers for married veterans. Meanwhile, enrollment at the university, already al an all-lime high, continued to rise. More than 2,BOO students have enrolled for the spring semester, wilh approximately 1,400 of the total being World War Two veterans. A WALE OF A TIME San Francisco, Jan. 31 — (/I'j -Now that the submarine nets are gone from tho Golden Gale Swift II is having a whale of a lime in San Francisco Bay. Winton C. Edwards found il oul when the whale tried lo flip his water taxi with a flipper. Edwards called the coast guard and Swift 11 set course for Ihc gale and disappeared. Swifl II was named by waterfront men who figured he was kin to Swift I who churned the same waters in ]938. Truman Urges Support of 'March Dimes' Washington, Jan. 31 — (UP) — resident Truman wants all Americans to join the fight against nfantile paralysis by contributing lo the March of Dimes. "Health is no guarantee of free- lorn," Mr. Truman said. "Bul withoul il no people can be really 'roc. Our way of life demands lhal we fight againsl any foe that hreatcns our freedom." The president made his pica in a special radio broadcast last night in behalf of the Nalional Foundation for Infantile Paralysis which lie described as a living monument to tho late President Roosevelt. "The fight to conquer infantile paralysis is an unfinished task of I'Vanklin Delano Roosevelt," he .said. "It must and shall be carried to complete victory. "I am happy to be aole to lent by support lo this cause and I am glad to do it also because of my conviction that Ihe health of the people is the direct concern of government." he said. Tho president's speech was but one part of a giant birthday ccle bration in honor of the late presi dent that spread across the nation Washinglonians danced al eigh Roosevelt birthday,,balls. Four thousand persons cheerec Mrs. Truman when she cut a sb tier birthday cake ill the largcs ball. She handed the first piece o cake to Pvl. John V. Gallagher o Cleveland, army .amputee paticn at Forest Glen, Mel., hospital. The Firsl Lady and her daughlo Margaret visited all of the ball: along with parties of Iloll.ywonr movie stars brought here for th occasion. of U. S. A, By United Press Cold blanketed most of the na- ion today, wilh the exception of the extreme southeastern stales, where temperatures ranged in the ow ighties and high seventies Sub-xro readings, accompanied jy winds of near-gale force, swept .he north central region The national lo wwas 19 degrees below /.cro al JaJmeslown, N .D., and Ashley, N. D., and Aberdeen, S. D., both reported lemperalures of 17 below at midnight. The federal forecaster al Chicago said thai Ihe cold wave was centered over the Daholas, western Minnesota, Nebraska and Iowa, but would move easlwaid as the day progressed. Heavy snow was reported throughout Michigan's lower peninsula, and in Iowa, where blizzard conditions were recorded late yesterday Snow and ice coated roads in the plain states, where driving conditions were described as hazardous Santiago, Chila, Jan. 31—(UP) — The Chilean Federation of Labor ordered all workers to return to their jobs today and the . government indicated it soon would lift the'60-day state of siege decreed after a police-labor in which nine persons were killed and more than 100 injured. The general strike began yesterday, tying up nearly all public and privale services, including transportation, water and electricity and food shops. Federation leaders decided last night to halt the strike despite earlier threats to extend it. The government indicated in a special communique following a cabinet session that there would be no need for continuing the slate of siege it the strike ended and normal conditions were restored. Slale's Attorney Pclegrain Sepulveda had ordered the entire federation leadership arrested. Police could not find all of them. Those in custody were expected to be released when the state of seige ends. Flying Auto Is Perfected by Company in Texas Dallas, Jan. 31 —(/Pi— A flying automobile, developed by the Southern Aircraft Division, Portable Products, Inc., has been successfully flown at Majors Field, near Greenville. The readable plane flies like an airplane and after its wing and tail slruclure are removed — an operation which takes about five minutes — it can be driven home and parked in the family garage. The Iwo-passen- gcr plane is powered by a 125- horscpower aircooled engine and has two rear wheels and one front wheel. It has a 30 foot wingspan at top speed of 128 miles per hour and cruises ill 110 miles per hour. Chester Bennett Withstood Endless Agony at Hands of Japanese, But Did Not Talk Ford Demands Removal of Price Control Detroit, Jan. 31—(/P)—Henry Ford II, president of Ford Motor Company, was on record today with a demand that government remove price controls to clear the path for "the kind of operation that Aemri- cans like best—finding a way to make money by beating competition lo market with something better and cheaper." Ford expressed his views in a telegram lo 'John W. Snyder, director of the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion In Washington, with a warning that unless his company could get steel promptly "we will have to shut down completely sometime thiss week." He declared it would cost $400,000 a day to maintain idle assembly lines and at "current OPA price ceilings, we are currently losing $300 on every car we make." Time . and time again," Ford said, "we have been forced to shut down operations because supplies could not get us parts and materials for our cars and trucks. Some of them have stopped making our parts because they lost money at their ceiling prices." The youthful company president declared "nobody wants 'runaway' inflation but if we continue : to stifle American industry's ability to produce, that is exactly, in my opinion, what we are headed for. . ." "1 am not an economist," he continued. "There may be sound reasons in the public interest for continuing price control on such thing as rents "and foods. But so far as. motor car manufacturers and their suppliers are concerned, I am now convinced that if government control of prices is remved promptly, management and labor will settle their differences without running to government—where price fixing is now forcing them to. "Whether or not you agree with these views," Ford concluded, "I want you to know that if' we can have promptly an uniterrupted flow of materials, our employes can go back to steady jobs and help us to get to Americans the motorcars and trucks they are waiting for." Ford said that the recent 18-cent an hour wage increase' for CIO United Automobile workers, and a 15 per cent pay boost to all salaried and hourly-rated employes outside UAW would add more than $40,000,000 to the company's annual payroll. Bntgo|iE^ JoinYianlcs in Japan By GWEN MORGAN Washington, Jan. 31 —(UP)— A British commonwealth force of land, sea and air -units will start moving into Japan .within, a week to share occupation duties and hasten repatriation of "many" American troops the State Department announced today. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, in a tatement 'from his headquarters n Tokyo, extended the "heartiest possible welcome" to the men from Australia, New Zealand, India and United Kingdom who are about to share the "arduous and difficult duties" of occupation. Their presence," said the Sun-erne Allied Commander," will materially broaden the base along international lines of a burden which up to this time has, of necessity, been carried to a large ex- enl unilalerally by tho United Slales forces and cannot fail to be of overall beneficial effect. "It will enable a diminution in our own strength and will thereby Dring welcome relief to many individuals." The Stale Department said MacArthur would readjust the schedule for withdrawing American troops as soon as possible, MacArthur assigned the British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) to locate "initially" at Hiroshima prefecture, including the cities of Kure and Fukuyarna. In addition, one battalion will be represented" at the Tokyo prefecture. Australian LI. Gen. J. Northcolt will be commander-in-chief of the BCOF. His chief of staff will be Air Commodore F. M. Bladen of the Hoyal Australian Air Force. o Army Recruits May Choose Type and Place of Service (This i;.; the fifth of a series of columns on Chester Bennett, American hero of Hong Kongi. Cotton Ginnings in County 6,569 Against 11,910 Cotton ginnings in Ilemp.slead county from the 1945 crop totaled (i.5(jU bales as of January Hi. compared with 11,910 bales lo the same date a year ago, according to George Wylic. special agent for Ihe Department of Commerce. WHERE MEN, ETC. Sail Lake City, Jan. 31 — i/l 1 )— The "Wild West" doesn't impress Lloyd Williams, South African newspaperman. Here for the National Wool Growers convention. Williams reported his fellow countrymen are by far a "noisier, tougher bunch." "Why." he said, "when the boys get together in South Africa they really break up the furniture." By HAL BOYLE Hong Kong, Jan .31 —I/it—Chester Bennett, American hero of Hong Kong, was imprisoned for five months before a Japanese headman's axe ended his long misery. After his death, a Chinese who had been ^i fellow prisoner sought out Marcus da Silva, Portuguese lawyer who was Bennett's partner in espionage, and gave him the American's last message: "Marcus, I kept faith. 1 didn't talk." Da Silva himself liad been kept prisoner for 47 days in Kowloon gendarmerie across Hong Kong harbor, most of the timo in solitary confinement. The frustrated Japanese were unable to prove his part in the conspiracy or make him talk. When a Chinese gendarme finally tried to blackmail him by offering him freedom in return for $5,000 da Silva sent word out to his wife, who got in touch with one of Ihe mosl colorful figures in China "She went lo Hatlors, chief of Ihe Jap foreign affairs department in Hong Kong, and complained of da anc this attempt to blackmail me ilva said "He released me ordered the Chinese gendarme arrested" Da Silva fled with his family lo Macao, nearby Portuguese colony and realizing loo late they had made a mistake in releasing hin Ihe Japs sent four agents to Ma cao on afruitless mission lo kidnap nim and bring him back. Bennett was ruthlessly torlurec unlil his big framed body was broken by agony. The Japs slarvec him, beat him until he fell, and thei stood him up and beal him again They tied him up by his hands foi hours until he fainted. Three times they tied him down to the floor iind gave him "the water cure" for "prisoners who refuse to cooperate." They sealed his mouth shut and then taped a water hose lo his nostrils and bloated his body wilh fluid while he fought for breath. Then they put a board across his stomach and two husky Jap guards planted a teeter-totter on it, forcing water and blood out his nose, his mouth, his eyes and his ears until he collapsed. But, although his big body writhed in agonized constrictions against his rope bonds, he Continued on Page Two The army ground forces announced a new policy on the assignment of men at Reception Centers, who have enlisted In l;,r '!';•..> i';i' Army, according t,> O.aii. On do- M. Livingston, Officer in charge of the Tcxarkana Recruiting Stalion, Postoffice Bldg., Texarkana. All personnel who enlist for a period of 3 years will be allowed unlimited choice of initial assignment to any unit or installation. A 2-year enlistment authorizes a man to select any unit or inslalla- lion of his choosing, providing he has had prior service in thai arm or branch, )He may also choose initially Ihe arm in which he has had prior service, and the theater if requisitions are on hand for personnel of the arm and theater selected. THEATER PARTY Chicago, Jan. 31 — (/?)— Mrs. Cassie Olsen of Fort Wayne, Ind., mother of Comedian Ole Olsen, celebrated her 83rd birthday last night at a Loop theater. She was Olsen and John's guest at "Laffing Room Only" at the Shubert Theater where she danced with her son and shared her big birthday cake with the audience. o The first public demonstration of the telegraph by Samuel F. B. Morse was made in 1863.