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Evening star from Washington, District of Columbia • Page 12
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Evening star from Washington, District of Columbia • Page 12

Evening stari
Washington, District of Columbia
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With Sunday Morning Edition. THEODORE W. NOYES, Editor. WASHINGTON, D. C.

THURSDAY.April 11, 1940 The Evening Star Newspaper Company. Main Office: lJth St and Pennsylvania Ave New York Office: 110 East, 42nd St. Chicago Office: 435 North Michigan Avo. Prices Effective January 1, 1940. Delivered by and Suburban.

Regular Edition. Evening Sunday 75c per mo. or 18c per week The Evening Star 45c per mo. or inc per week The Sunday Star 10c per cony Night Final Edition. Night Final end Sunday Star 85c per month Night Final Star 60c per month Rural Tube Delivery.

The Evening and Sunday per month The Evening Star. per month The Sunday Per copy Collection made at the end of each month or each week. Orders may be sent by mail or telephone National 5000. Rate by In Advance. srd 1 1 Daily only 1 Sunday 1 50e Sntered as second-class matter post office.

Washington. D. C. Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published herein.

All rights of publication of special dispatshes herein also are reserved. Potentialities Consonant with the restrictions which are imposed upon the Government of the United States by the Neutrality Act President Roosevelt studiously refrains from comment on the latest phase of the European war. Any formal utterances by him will be confined to such proclamations as may be required to define new or additional areas barred to our shipping and nationals through extension of hostilities to Scandinavian waters and territory. But Mr. Roosevelt has contrived to give expression to one phase of the latest crisis cooked up in that cauldron called Hitlerism.

When asked by newsmen whether in his opinion the wanton invasion of Denmark and Norway had the war any closer to the United the President replied that it would undoubtedly impel a great many more Americans to think about of the war. He was pains to adjure his reportorial audience to read nothing into that assertion the for it contains significant Thereupon Mr. Roosevelt voiced the view that would probably be a good thing for the American public to speculate on possible consequences of the invasion of the Scandinavian He hazarded the guess it would cause more popular thought on the subject of the war than had taken place in the last six months. One wonders whether the is well founded. It is not supported by anything that has happened in Congress.

There, with the exception of cheese-paring support of naval, military and air including the rejection of departmental recommendations for such projects as Guam harbor improvements and air bases In Capitol during the waning period of the Seventy-sixth Congress has evinced invincible indifference to the inherent in the international situation. The account it gave of itself in connection with aid for Finland fills anything but a bright page in the history of the world's greatest democracy. Running through all congressional thought and speech especially travail there has been a single leitmotif, an insistent demand that Americans continue to look upon the war as exclusively an Old World nightmare. President Roosevelt clearly hopes that the blitzkrieg in Scandinavia will induce the American people to lift their heads out of the sand and to assess at their full and terrible import the connoted by the overnight attack upon the Independence of two inoffensive little countries which a week ago were among the leading exponents of democratic civilization, humanitarian progress and economic and social enlightenment. If the words mean anything, he harbors at least a vestige of hope that the American people will begin to think about these things, even if they are determined to do nothing about them.

Out of pondering may come wisdom, perhaps the abandonment of the illusion that happen The issue on the Scandinavian peninsula is far from decided. The tides of battle are still fluctuating between British and German naval forces, locked again after twentyfour years in a grim struggle for supremacy off that same coast of Jutland where the armada of Wilhelm II essayed a gallant but futile throw for mastery of the sea. On the ability of the British to dislodge the invader from Norwegian coastal may well depend the final success or failure of latest and most brutal assault on the existence of free nations. Oslo is reported to be under the domination of British guns, but the Germans deny the loss of Bergen and Trondheim. British ministerial statements in Parliament today should clarify a situation now beclouded by Allied claims and German counter-claims.

If the Nazis retain control of Denmark and Norway, they will deal a heavy though not a deadly blow at the allied blockade. Not only will the two Scandinavian countries cease to supply Britain with such vital staples as bacon, eggs, butter and other dairy products, besides a variety of industrial rawstuff, but those products will automatically be at the disposal of the Germans. In addition, harbors like Bergen, Stovanger and Christiansand will be converted into bases from which Nazi submarines and bombing planes can sally forth A against British shores and shipping with vastly augmented, facility. On this score, the to which Mr. Roosevelt alludes embrace consideration of Danish-owned Greenland and Faroe Islands, in addition to Iceland, a sovereign state but connected to Denmark by certain dynastic and constitutional ties.

This ice-capped Arctic territory forms a stepping stone for air power, and was used by Marshal Balbo in the celebrated Italian mass flight to the United States in 1934. As Major George Fielding Eliot points out in We occurrences which would bring Denmark within the orbit of any large and aggressive power would therefore be of concern to our Exactly that has just happened. Milk for the Needy After two months of careful study, the Marketing Agreements Division of the Department of Agriculture has approved a proposal to provide milk at five cents a quart to families on relief in Washington. Although tentative plans have been worked out by the Welfare Department, final decision still must be made by the District government on details of distribution. One suggestion is to set up ten or more distributing stations in locations convenient to prospective patrons at a cost to the city of from twelve to fifteen thousand dollars.

This would include operation of the stations. Under the scheme, producers will receive the five cents paid by recipients for milk which they heretofore have been forced to sell at low prices as surplus. Dairies processing, bottling and handling the product will get an additional sum, approximately a cent and a third, from Federal surplus commodities funds. Thousands of Washington families at present are able to buy far less milk than they need. Although only about eight thousand will be eligible under the proposal, since employed low-income families are not included, the results undoubtedly will justify the cost through improved health.

Experience in most cities with the food stamp plan, with which milk project is comparable, has been most encouraging. It has not yet been successful in the one community experiment where those not on relief were permitted to use the stamps, but it has very definitely improved the conditions of relief families and has done much to absorb various agricultural surpluses. Of all products, milk has presented one of the most baffling surplus problems, largely because of its I perishability, the volume of daily production and the difficulties of economic processing and distribution. The current plan offers a solution. And if it can be extended later to a greater number of families who are not now getting a properly balanced diet, it will prove a worthy community investment.

Suburban Street Names After years of discussion, a definite plan to rename the streets and renumber the houses in the Metropolitan Area of Prince Georges County in accordance with the Washington system has been announced. Dissatisfaction with the lack of system and the duplication of many street names originally led to the movement for such a plan. It was developed by the MarylandNational Capital Park and Planning Commission under specific authority from the Maryland General Assembly granted in 1937. A similar broiect has been under way in Montgomery County, but a specific plan has not yet been announced. Both nearby Maryland counties are several years behind nearby Virginia in this respect, for Arlington County some years ago found it advisable to set up a systematic method of street designation.

While the Prince Georges plan, scheduled to become effective in June, has the indorsement of several important civic groups, opposition has arisen from both individuals and organizations since details were announced. Basically the chief objection is that some individuals, organizations and whole communities are reluctant to discard names long associated with their localities. The Park Commission wisely is conducting hearings to ascertain sentiment on the proposed plan. Changes may be made, it is said, if constructive criticism is received. With the affected area enjoying a rapid growth, it seems timely to set up a definite system, but every effort should be made to let the county residents, who will have to enjoy its advantages and suffer its defects, have a voice in determining just what that system should be.

Socialist Campaign The Socialists in the United States long have had an influence far out of proportion to their own numerical strength. Their cause politically invariably is weakened by lack of money and lack of votes. Yet they have survived for forty years, and in each of those forty they have plugged for the same panacea: The socialization of industry, a collective society in a democratic political frame. Never do they suggest that the consequences of their program might fall short of their claims. Never do they cease exalting the doctrine of Marx as they interpret it, and never do they cease belaboring the capitalists.

In their national convention which closed yesterday they reiterated their old themes. And they themselves drew attention to the value of reiteration by pointing out that many of the social welfare schemes of the New ini surance, minimum wage laws, public power projects, guarantee of the right of collective advocated first by the Socialists. Yet, although the party line with the Socialists seldom changes, the first national party convention ever held a healthy aptitude for Internal dissension. The Socialist party line on foreign policy is opposition to the war in Europe. But twenty-five of two hundred delegates present In the National Press Club auditorium Saturday voted In favor of a move opposed to the party line war policy, a move for economic participation in the war in favor of the allies.

The reasons advanced for this position differ from the reasons on which the administration rests its program of economic assistance to the allies, The administration hopes for the triumph of civilized forces over the barbaric. The handful of pro-war Socialists hope to hasten the revolution in France and Great Britain by prolonging the war until both are exhausted. Whichever way they vote, they can only hope. They are the philosophers, not the doers in politics. Prince Georges Tragedies The deplorable and needless deaths of six persons in two traffic tragedies in as many days within about a mile of each other in Prince Georges County have focused attention on two of the worst The fatal injuries to two men struck down by an automobile while waiting for a streetcar in the so-called in front of the streetcar and bus terminal on Rhode Island avenue in Mount Rainier bore out predictions of civic groups and town authorities that the was anything but safe.

That accident was followed about 30 hours later by the equally shocking death of four young persons in an automobile which was demolished by a train at the Melrose crossing, just off Rhode Island avenue, in Hyattsville. Their deaths led officials of the County Safety Committee, a branch of Governor State Committee which is endeavoring to cut the highway toll, to disclose that traffic over the Melrose crossing has been constantly increasing. Although the crossing is almost in the shadow of the railroad overpass at Hyattsville, motorists from some sections of that town have found that it is a short cut to the Bladensburg area. The Safety Committee, therefore, considers the crossing, which is unattended after 10 at night, as one of the worst in the county, as bad even as the crossings at Landover and Riverdale. Some State and county officials even have suggested that the crossing be closed.

Such action, of course, would arouse much local opposition. While it may be unreasonable to seek another costly grade elimination project so close to the Hyattsville overpass, the public is entitled to more adequate safeguards at Melrose pending a study to determine the feasibility of a proposed underpass some distance to the west of the crossing. Such a project would be in line with the ideal solutioneventual elimination of all grade crossings in the county, as in the District. Meanwhile every effort should be made to safeguard streetcar patrons required to stand in the in 90-foot-wide Rhode Island avenue at Mount Rainier. The State Roads Commission is reported to object to the construction of loading platforms in such a thoroughfare.

The problem is tied up with the system of using for towns beyond Mount Rainier during non-rush hours. Civic groups want the cars eliminated and full service maintained at all hours. If they are unable to obtain such service, the Mount Rainier situation promises to remain unsatisfactory and dangerous until all the streetcar and bus transfers are made at the terminal. Block That Run All too often candidates for public office run on vague, meaningless platforms, whose planks are abstract entities like social Justice, the right to work, full dinner pails and garages, entirely forgetting that their opponents, who are not complete boneheads, are coming out strong for the same items. Occasionally they become a trifle more specific, and favor a balanced budget or keeping out of war; but even then they rarely say how they propose to accomplish these ends.

Not so Rufe Connor. Frankly and fearlessly he raises a burning issue. In his own stirring words, he says, greatest injustice on the face of the earth today is runs in stockings. Just elect me district clerk of Madison County, Texas, and do something about Here is evidence of great clarity of thought. The average man might waste time pondering such minor problems as the collapse of entire nations, wars, floods, famines, oppressive taxation, unemployment and poverty.

Rufe brushes these trivia aside and concentrates on the most importnat in silk stockings. Furthermore, he tells how he will stop them. He says that if elected, he will write the President about it, the President will address Congress and Congress will take it up with China and Japan. After the effort gets that far, momentum will carry it the rest of the way and China and Japan will probably have no great trouble in' shaming their silk worms into doing a better Job. Candidate Dewey declares that the depression increases the New power.

forget your vice Tom. Of Stars, Men And Atoms Notebook of Science Progress In Field, Laboratory And Study By Thomas R. Henry. CINCINNATI, April violent oriental brain poison extracted from mouldy coconuts was described to the American Chemical Society, meeting here today, by Drs. Treat B.

Johnson and Joseph C. Ambelang of Yale University. It is of special interest, they said, because one of its chemical constituents is a substance known as pyramidine which is also the basis of one of the vitamins which they are studying. A similar may be responsible for a widespread disease of cattle caused by eating mouldy cornstalks. This poison, they reported, causes from time to time wholesale poisonings in some districts in Java.

There it is the practice to eat coconuts only after they are covered with mould. A few hours after eating the food the patient severe headache, dizziness and drowsiness and finally sinks into unconsciousness which may end in death. The unconscious stage is often accompanied by severe convulsions. The substance -itself was isolated by Dutch chemists and is a bright yellow liquid which actually Increases the respiration of red blood corpuscles and may be a stimulant to the growth of the coconut mould. It seems to have a specific action, however, on human and animal brain cells.

An unknown vitamin essential to life was described by Drs. G. C. Supplee, R. Bender and C.

J. Kahlenberg, New York chemists. It is contained, together with three or four other vitamins, in rice polishings, the outer coats of the rice grains which are removed before they are sold. For some time, they said, it has been known that skin lesions appeared in animals deprived of one of the complex of vitamins. They have now found that two vitamias are involved, one as yet completely unknown.

Both are essential to growth and normal development of young rats. Absence of either will produce the same skin symptoms which they consider as unimportant in themselves Dut evidence of a disturbance in some fundamental vital process. The skin lesions may appear in adult Always, however, there is pronounced inanition afid lack of vitality when the unknown substance is excluded from the diet. After extended periods, notwithstanding the presence in the food of all other necessary elements, the adults show a high rate of sudden and unpredictable deaths without any previous loss of weight or evidence of illness. More than 1.000 animals were used in their experiments.

The rice polishings, they found, contain still another unknown vitamin which prevents the graying of hair in rats and might have the same effect in human beings. Making salad oil out of grapefruit seeds, thus affording a new income for the developing citrus industry, was described here today by two Department of Agriculture scientists, Drs. A. J. Nolte and H.

W. von Loesecke. Seeds are removed before the grapefruit is canned, leaving approximately 15.000 tons of waste each year out of which might be pressed about 3 million pounds of crude oil. When the bitter taste is removed by a process developed by the Department of Agriculture, the chemists said, it forms a fine basis for salad dressings. It also ha6 a wide use in the textile industry where it forms part of certain fast djes.

New advances in knowledge of the structure and properties of cotton fibers were reported by Drs. R. L. Whistler, A. R.

Martin and Milton Harris of the United States Bureau of Standards. Natural cotton fibers, they reported, appear to contain in addition to cellulose several other constituents, one of which is similar to the proteins. Many of the commercially important properties of cotton, such as tensile strength, moisture and dye absorption are related to the presence of small quantities of this substance. They found, the Bureau of Standards chemists reported, that the peptic substance was not intermingled nor chemi- 1 cally combined with the cellulose of the fiber but was present on the surface of the fiber, in the form of a sausage-like casing. The cellulose, on the other hand, was confined principally to the secondary wall which is the commercially important part of the fiber.

It was present in the form of innumerable fine threads, many times smaller than the fiber itself. The peptic substance, they found, is combined with calcium, magnesium, aluminum and iron, which render it extremely Insoluble. These metals can be removed by various chemical processes, however, and after this the outer casing can be dissolved. Cotton fibers, freed of their outer casing in this way, retain their tensile strength. The casing is allowed to remain on the cotton, they said, during such manufacturing processes as carding, spinning and weaving and in this way acts as a protective coating.

It is removed by chemical treatment Just before the dyeing process. This is necessary since the high acidity of the material makes it much more reactive chemically than the cellulose itself. Such reactivity influences the dyeing qualities of the fibers. Sees Continuing Travesty In Elections. To the Editor ot The Ster: Gen.

Johnson may be right as to the composition of the coterie which, having received the accolade from the undertook to govern us and to oust Congress from its proper function. And he also may be right in saying that old-school at the head of the Government could cure the depression almost over night. But how can the people be assured that one who presents himself as such will prove to be such in office? Do you not remember the Democratic platform of 1932? became of it? The truth is that so long as candidates, having become elected persons, can flout their campaign representations, and even their oaths of office, with impunity, the people will continue to be deluded by candidates, and elections be but a travesty. HARRISON HLGHMAN. April 1 THIS AND THAT i By Charles E.

Tracewell. Va. Sir: most of ua are more Interested in the birds that one sees day by day, and which are pretty and ornamental, and furnish us with picturesque scenes, may I take your time, for a few minutes, to tell of a different sort of bird life than one sees every day? It may Interest you and some of your readers: refer to owls. seems that a certain section of Washington recently has had a war on rats. It is interesting to know that one oarn owl will do away with as many of these rodents as a house cats.

owl is the natural enemy of mice and rats. The owls are friends, and the people of every community should see that the owls are protected. "It is in the summer that human beings are most likely to become conscious of the melancholy hooting of the barred owl, and the screech owl, one of the best known of these prowlers of the night It makes its nests in the deserted holes of woodpeckers and may retreat into hollow trees and chimneys. "What is probably the most famous pair of barn owls in the world dwelt for a long time in the tower of the Smithsonian Institution, quite surrounded by scientists, who were taken up with investigation. across the street was the Biological Survey, the Government bureau w'hich studies birds to find out whether they help or hinder man in his attempts to raise crops to feed the multitude.

"They wanted to And out what the owl was eating as a regular diet. They had to kill most birds and examine the contents of their stomach to And out what they ate. "But these owls in the tower furnished the information in a simpler way than by dying to do it. "Owls are greedy and gulp their food whole. They have a sort of mill inside them.

mill-separates the good from the is, the digestible parts from the indigestible, such as bones and hairrolls these bad parts up in a pellet, puts it on the elevator, and sends it up, and the owl discards it by regurgitation. scientists examined 200 pellets and found the owl the greatest mouseeating bird in the world. needs to be told how- to tell owls from the other birds. "There are no other birds anything like them that might be confused with them "Through the ages they have had a large place in art and in story and their peculiar forms are imprinted on every mind. they sit, looking wondrous wise.

their you ever notice this thing about the eyes of an the fact that they are set in the front of its head like those of a human being? owl looks at you with both eyes, all other birds look at you from the side of their heads and with one eye. owl, of all the birds, actually has a face like a human being. Also, they are fitted with wings that are to it what rubber heels are to men who walk on the work at night, when the rodents are abroad. the owls have a great talent in their mottled coats for mimicking parts of the trees in which they live. the cry of the screech owl, one may look closely among the limbs, may see what appears to be a lichencovered knot, and may be surprised to see that knot suddenly take wings and fly away.

awakens interest, and vice versa. One cannot have too many interests outside his daily work, and a visit to the zoo may be enjoyed more if we know a little about the birds and creatures we see. you. Variety being the spice of life, I hope you may find this a new flavor. column is interesting, and true to life.

A. Owls seen or at one time seen in this vicinity include the America long-eared owl, the short-eared owl, the barred owl, the barn owl, the saw-whet owl, tne screech owl, the great horned owl, and the snowy owl. Of these owls, the barn owl is regarded as an uncommon permanent resident; the long-eared, as a very rare permanent resident, although once fairly common; the short-eared, a rare winter visitant; the barred owl, as a fairly common permanent resident; the saw-whet owl, as an occasional winter visitant; the screech owl, as a fairly common permanent resident; the great horned owl, rather rare permanent resident, and the snowy owl, an accidental visitor from the Far North. May Thacher Cooke, in her "Birds of the Washington has this to say of the barn owl: "Uncommon permanent resident. It has nested in the towers of the District jail and in various towers of the Smithsonian Institution, and uses the latter as a winter roosting place.

"Apparently deceived as to the season by the heat from the building, young have been hatched here in late fall and winter. "Young just from the nest were seen in the grounds. December 8, 1893, and February 27, 1895. "The latter must have been hatched in late December or early January. Young not over two weeks from the nest were seen January 7, 1896.

On May 11, 1914, a female was found in the northwest tower incubating five eggs. probably breed sometimes in Arlington Cemetery and near Plummers Island, and formerly on Analogs Owls are fully as interesting as our correspondent suggests. The screech owl was considered in this column December 9, last. Letters to the Editor Protests Teacher Shift At Industrial School. To the Editor ot The Stir: Concerning the placement of appropriations for educational work with the Board of Public Welfare, one wonders where, in some phases of this matter, there is any economy.

At Industrial Home School there are now four teachers employed by the Board of Education. These teachers are qualified by experience, education, and training for work with delinquent children. Also, they are supervised by their superior officers of the Board of Education. It is true that teachers can be employed by the Board of Public Welfare for less money, but what qualifications for the Job do they have? Can high grade, specially trained teacners be secured at lower salaries? Then there is the matter of school equipment; books, paper, pencils, handwork materials. These all cost money and are essential to the maintenance and running of a good school.

Furthermore, there should be a qualified supervisor for any group of teachers. A good supervisor, in addition to the necessary equipment and salaries for teachers, renders the new regime an expensive one. Who will be the qualified supervisor? Where will the money for his salary come from? Where will the money for school equipment come from? The new appropriations bill provides money for teachers; it has not provided for all the other necessary things for the school. Is there, then, any economy in this change of administration? After all, this change is made for reasons of economy. Where is there any economy? At present there are four well-tramed, well-educated, qualified teachers, under the supervision of properly qualified persons.

There is also a well-equipped school building. In future there will be poorly qualified teachers, no equipment, no proper supervision. Are these children, committed to the Industrial Home by misfortune, not entitled to the same opportunity in education that the more fortunate children in the regular schools are entitled to? A. A. April 9.

Commends Star Editorial On Walter-Logan BUI. To the Kdltor ol The Star: The purpose of this letter is to express my appreciation for the splendid editorial, "Control Is in your issue of April 8. I do this as chairman of the committee which originally drafted the Walter-Logan bUl and which is in charge of it for the American Bar Association and for the numerous other legal, business, farmer, labor, and patriotic organizations which have since indorsed it. In my view there is no more important legislation before the Congress than this attempt to make the various and sundry governmental agencies subject to the law issue being of even more importance than the Supreme Court fight of a few years ago. I trust that you will follow through with similar tutorials during the coming weeks, the subject being almost inexhaustible.

There is one minor error in the editorial which I should like to caU to your attention. This is an error which almost any layman and many lawyers would make in considering this subject In tha third paragraph at the edin Letters to the Editor must bear the name and address of the writer. although the use of a pseudonym for publication is permissible. Please be brief! torlal it was stated that It has "yet to be tried" whether in actual practice reasonable regulation would bog down the ordinary operations of governmental agencies. If the writer of the editorial will read Senate document No.

145, Seventy-sixth Congress, third session, and particularly the annotations therein contained under sections two and three of the bill, it will be seen that there has been tried in both Federal and State governments that part of the bill which provides for public notice and public hearings, if requested, before regulations are issued and judicial review of such regulations. True it is that the procedure is not general as to all governmental agencies, but it has been tried in many State governments and in the Federal Government as to certain agencies to a sufficient extent that we are reasonably sure that the procedure will work when applied to all Federal agencies. R. R. McGUIRE, April 9.

Scores Appointment of Inexperienced Diplomats. To the Editor of The Star: As an American with a vote, I feel it my duty to raise my voice in protest against that which seems to me to be a definite attempt of our present leaders and their satellites to get us into this war on the side of the allies. Where there is so much smoke there is bound to be some fire, and I mean by this, the expose which the German Reich has made of thei records which were taken from the archives of Warsaw, and which our Mr. Bullitt has so vehemently denied. As an American, I resent our being represented in a belligerent capital by such an inexperienced person.

Why should America, especially in such times as these, fill such important posts with inexperienced individuals such as Bullitt, Cromwell, Kennedy and Davis, when we have available diplomats of the caliber of Hugh Wilson, Sumner Welles, O. E. SHORTER. April 5. Expresses Appreciation Of Mrs.

Evans' Articles. To the Editor of The Star: It is very gratifying to know that your paper is appreciative of the part played by the late Dr, Harvey Cushing in the advancement of scientific and practical medicine in this country. I am happy also about your efforts to assist Dr. noted biographer, Dr. John Fulton of Yale University, in the collection of material for a complete biography of this distinguished leader.

The article in Star by Mrs. Jesse Fant Evans on Dr. Cushing was not only timely, but was a distinct contribution in the building up of a proper appreciation for worth-while members of the medical profession. GEORGE B. ROTH, M.

Professor of Pharmacology, George Washington University. April 1 Answers To Questions I By Frederic J. Haaktn. A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Evening Star Information Bureau, Frederic J. Hasktn, dtrector, Washington, D.

C. Please inclose stamp for reply. Q. Who said "We are not A. The phrase are not is said to have been a comment ct Queen Victoria upon seeing an imitation of herself by the Hon.

Alexander Grantham Yorlce, groom-ln-walting to the Queen. Q. Please give some Information about the statue erected to Popeye, the N. M. A.

The statue of Popeye is situated in the main square of Crystal City, the spinach capital of the world. Because Popeye is portrayed as deriving his great strength from spinach, O. P. Snoble of San Antonio suggested that he should be honored by a memorial. It was erected with the permission of the late E.

C. Segar, who originated the popular comic-strip character. Q. Who took the leading roles in the original New York production of "Blossom A. A.

The musical play was produced at the Ambassador Theater on October 3, 1921. Olga Cook took the part of Mitzi; Bertram Peacock, Pranz Schubert, and Howard Marsh, Baron Pranz. Q. What is the meaning of the name N. C.

A. The Indian name Winona in the Dakota (Sioux) language means firstborn daughter. Q. Is there a badge of the original military order of the Purple Heart in G. A.

The New Hampshire Society of the Cincinnati has in its possession the only known badge of the original Purple Heart; but who was its recipient has not been determined. Q. Please give the name of a novel dealing with H. A. Three novels on that subject are "Grand by Vicki Baum; "Imperial by Arnold Bennett, and "Work of by Sinclair Lewis.

Q. Who founded the Knights of c. C. A. The Knights of Columbus, a fraternal organization for Catholic laymen, was founded in 1882 by the Rev.

Michael J. McGivney and nine parishioners of St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, New Haven, Conn. Q. How many people work for the Social Security E.

A. On February 1, 1940, 11.656 persons were employed by the Social Security Board. Q. What was the first Metropolitan Opera ever T. K.

A. "Hansel and was the first complete opera to be broadcast from the stage of the Metropolitan In 1931. Q. How much money is spent by Die Government in combating insect pests? E. M.

A. Tabulation over a 10-year period of funds expended for insect control in the United States shows an average annual expenditure of $142,927,000. The average annual loss from insect damage in the United States amounts to $3,000,000,000. The total appropriation for the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, fiscal year 1939-40, was approximately $6,000,000. Where is Gen.

Custer's F. M. H. A. Gen.

Custer is buried in the Post Cemetery at West Point, N. Y. Q. Please give the date of a subway accident in New York City in 1928 or G. A.

On August 24, 1928, 13 passengers were killed and 100 injured in a subway accident in New York City. Q. For whom is Wager Bay in Canada H. W. A.

Wager Bay was named in 1742 after the Right Honorable Sir Charles Wager who lived from 1666 to 1743. Q. What imported beverage gained the largest shipping Increases to this country last J. E. A.

Vermouth. The imports rose 247,028 gallons over 1938 shipments, an increase of 21 per cent. Q. Where is the largest wildlife refuge in the United G. A.

The largest wildlife refuge is the Desert Game Range in Clark and Lincoln Counties, Nevada. This range, which is primarily for bighorn sheep, consists of 2,022,000 acres. Q. Is it scientifically possible to predict K. A.

The United States Coast and Geodetic Survey says that there is no present evidence of the possibility of earthquake prediction. It is hoped that at some future date, at least partial prediction will be possible, but this stage is now far from being reached. Q. Where was the convict ihip Success D. M.

A. The convict ship Success was built by the British government in 1790 at Moulmain, East Indies. Whan the convict ship system was abolished the vessel was scuttled and sunk in Sidney Harbor, Australia, and lay there for five years. It was subsequently raised to serve as an object lesson in prison reform. Q.

How many fish hatcheries are there in the United A. A. The Bureau of Fisheries maintains 110 hatcheries throughout the country. An Orchard Loved We, too, will have an orchard sometime, dear, 8o friendly and so full of wind and light That it will be in all the changing year To every passerby a comely sight. About the lifted boughs sweet clouds will cling; From petaled casements orioles will call; Ruby and gold will be the measuring Of luscious harvests ripened in the fall.

Such stateliness with which the dear trees hold The cjjill of wintry snow will give us proof: The ever ultimate of growing old, By grace and peace, need not be held aloof. Surely, an orchard loved is very splendid. And all is well when Ufa Is thus attended. ROSE MYRA PHILLIPS..

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