Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 23, 1946 · Page 1
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 23, 1946
Page 1
Start Free Trial

" -pi .pa? -o Page Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Truman Asks Food Subsidies Be Retained Washington. Jan. 21 —(/P> —President Truman culled on Congress today to retain food subsidies as one means of combatting inflation and a possible eight per cent jump in the cost of living index for food. This request, made in the chief executive's stale of Ihe union and budget message, represents an about-face by the administration on subsidies. U had planned to end most of them by their June 30 expiration date. Started early in the war to keep .food prices stable, the subsidies have been costing the government about $1.750.000.000 a year. Mr. Truman said that unless the subsidies are continued "it would become extremely difficult 'or us to control the forces of inflation." More specifically, he estimated that withdrawal of the subsidies would force increases of from three to five cents a pound in average pnce.s of meat: at least 12 cents a pound for butter, in addition to a live cent increase allowed last iall; USE COLD PREPARATIONS Liquid. Tablets, Salve, Nose Drops Caution use only as directed Personal Property Floater insurance gives you more protection for your personal property in your horn? mr! ^i it- side than you are able to get in any other way. one to two cenls a quart for milk: one cent a loaf for bread, more than a cent a pound for sugar, and eight cents a pound for cheese, in addition to a scheduled increase of four cents on Feb. 1. The president also asked the lawmakers for appropriations which, together with tunas already available, would permit the agriculture department to spent about ?3,435,50,000 for subsidies, farm programs, research and for foreign relief operations during the fiscal | year beginning July 1. The dcparmtenl's expendilures for similar activities during the current fiscal year were esli- mated at $2,992,000,000. In requesting extension of the subsidy program, Mr. Truman said food prices since V-J day have failed to follow the pattern the government had expected. Saying Ihey have been expected | to drop three to five per cent by i this time. Mr. Truman added thai this anticipated decline, would 'have permitted the gradual elimi- i nation of food subsidies by June 30 without raising over-all food costs. "As mailers stand today," he said, "food prices are pressing 'hard against the ceiling. The ex- j peeled decline in food prices has not occurred, not is it likely to occur for many months to come. This ! brings me to the conclusion that [fod subsidies must be continued I beyond June 30." i i The president suggested that j 1 Congress set certain limils on sub- j I sidies and require Iheir eliminalion I "as soon as it is indicated thai the I cost of living will decline below,! j present levels." j Mr. Truman expressed con- I fidence that agriculture faces a • i other year or two of strong demand and good prices for its output. He suggested, however, thai Ihis is Ihe lime for congress lo review needs | of postwar agriculture and to make :any changes in farm legislation l deemed necessary for future farm ! prosperity. i o 'Belgian Government Rejects Request of King Lepold l London, Jan. 21—f/P)—The Brus- ijsels radio said today the Belgian [(government had rejected a request I by King Leopold lhat the question lot his return to the throne be sub- |j milled; to a national referendum I following the forthcoming general I elections. Leopold now is in Swit- 1 zerland. i Indonesians Erect ! Defense Positions | British Report i Batayia, Jan. 2.1 — UP\ — British i authorities reported today defense I positions were being erected by ' Indonesians south of a railway line near Bandoeng and that Indonesians were continuing to evacuate the southern part of that town. INSURANCE Phone 810 : ,2.10 S. Main Hope AIRLINERS GROUNDED Little Rock. Jan. 21 — (IP)— Low ceilings at other cities yesterday caused seven airliners to ground here and nearly 150 passengers to continue their journeys by other transporlation or wait for wealher clearance. Airline officials said weather conditions closed fields at Memphis 1' • -.hville, Tulsa, Oklahoma City Houston and Shreveport . The telephone company reports to those waiting for service The telephone company is anxious to bring you the service you've ordered. Telephone factories are working hard at the tremendous task of catching up with America's backed-up demand for telephone service. (More than 2,000,000 people are waiting throughout the nation.) In December factories were making telephone instruments at the rate of 230,000 & month. By January 1, in the five states served by this company, about 60,000 of these newly manufactured instruments already had been installed. But making and installing telephone instruments is only a part of the job of providing service for everybody. We are planning, making, and installing the great volume of switchboards, dial equipment, cable, wire—and even buildings—necessary to make those telephones work. By the year's end, enough central office equipment to connect 40,000 additional telephones had been made and installed in this company's territory. This is the time-taking part of the job—the apparatus is complicated to make and complicated to install. Equipment for 10,000 telephones must be wired to handle nearly 50 million possible telephone connections. We're pushing this complex job as fast as we can; it will take time, but we're doing our best to take as little time as possible. Miles and miles of cable to connect telephones with central offices have been put in since the end of the war; and in the last few weeks, by reason of increased supplies of men and material, the rate of installation has doubled. We have made progress—and every month during the coming year our progress will be still more rapid. Everyone will get service in his proper turn. Your service once ordered, you can be sure that your application is before us; and as soon as the equipment is available to connect your telephone, we will notify you and arrange details for providing your service. SOUTHWESTERN BEU TELEPHONE CO. Empty Spaces in the Old Corral Far more emphatically than words, this photo of a section of Chicago's usually teeming slock- yards depicls Iho results of the meat packers' strike. Only a few days previously Hie virtually emply pens were jammed lo record capacity by Ihe livestock shipping rush touched oil by the strike call. Corpotnfe EXCItt TAX Otti«t JUwifh TOTAL INCOME OLD ACS TRUST 312,974,000,000 s,;»i,oco,coo M1S,OGO,OCO NATIONAL DEFENSE PUBLIC DEBT SOCIAL SECURITY fUBLIC WORKS VET PENSIONS & BENEFITS OTHER EXPENSES S Ifc.OOO.tXXJ.COO • 5.COO.OCO.OCO 1.054,000,000 1.081,000,000 4,208,000,000 8,5!7.QOO.OOO &$ HCT INCOME $31,51i,030,<X» TOTAL OUTGO DEFICIT $35,860,000,000^131,513,000,000 4347,000,000 U. 3. BUDGET FOR 1946-47—These two charts yive a summary of estimated Federal Budget for fiscal year 1946-47. (NEA Telephoto) Talk Capitol Washington, Jan. 22 A patronage problem for Senators MeClel- ( in and Fulbright will materialize ' "'ebruary 25 when the term of Unit-! cl States Attorney C. R. Barry of j n ort Smilh expires. j General expectation is — and j ilr. Barry probably anticipates — I lal he' will not be permitted lo j ccupy Ihe position undisturbed lor j n extended period; .for something j f a political revolution has taken! ilace in Arkansas since lie held the j imelight as chief prosecutor in the | pre-primary liquor investigalion j rials at Fort Smith in 1940. i Two state officials were indicted j n the federal court at Fort 3miv.li i few days after the pri-! mary ticket closed in the spring j if 1940. Thc-'i'- trial \va.-; scheduled j list a month before the people ; vent to the polls, and during ihose '• veeks Mr. Barry was frequently lliotecl in the newspapers as :t very i severe critic indeed on thp state j administration headed by former i jov. Carl E. Bailey. I Nevertheless, the state officials ! ,vcre acquitted a day or two be- ; lore the primray in which Homer : \1. Adkirs was nominator! for govor i lor Mr. Barry unquestionably stood ' well with Governor Adkins." but it : s much less certain that he will ' 3e favored by the two senators ' f) Vinvo both b"on i'!r'-t'"l since ; ;he 1940 trials and acquittals. in li'i! F.asloin Ui.iiiiul ot Arkansas, allhough the term of United Stales Attorney Sam Rurex lu'.s ong since expired. the senators lave not asked for appointment of a successor and he is holding office becau.se no successor lias been , appointed. Much more prompt action will be ' taken in the Western District. Negotiating for Power Inasmuch as the Reynolds Metals Company expects to need more power than can be generated by the gas-burning Deise! engines at the Jones Mills aluminum plant, .it has begun negotiation:; with tho Arkansas Power and Light Com'- pany for additional electricity. The power company will bo glad Old Age Policy Marches—Thanks to March of Dimes Flve-yenr-olrt Donald Anderson of Prlncvillc, Ore, strides sturdily toward the camera to ..ymbollze the thousands of children who, like himself, suffered from Infantile paralysis and were helped to recovery by public support of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. He strikes a pose like that in the 194G March of Dimes poster. for xvhich he posed. Tuesday, January 22, 1946 Questions and Answers Q—Who wore the oldest and voitng- e.sl signers of the Declaration of Independence.? A—Oldest, Bcnjam :i Fii'ii.tlin, 71 at the lime; yon;. •.-.'.. Ivlward Rulledge, 27. » Q— How long is a year in Hus, untU'r (hoir Jnlf, system. Our trim .sin mid Greece? A— .'tlM'/i days ian calandar tropical year — equino.x lo equinox -— is II minules iuul M seconds shorter. (J—Wluil is the natural color of nylon'.' A—Trail silicon I ivory. Q—How many political pa riles <are functioning in Japan? A—l''our main ones: Socialist Democratic, Communist, Liberal, People's. o Thoughts A scorner suekelli wisdom, and findcth il not: but knowledge is easy unto him that underslaiuleth. •—'Proverbs M:(i. Wisdom is oltlimc.s nearer when we sloop Than when we soar.— Wordsworth. permanent branch of government, federal agencies due lo the end of The Arkansas delegation in both; the war j^!. Expansion of private Mouse and Senate is prepared to ' business due to live end of the. oppose it and to object to consid- , war or reestablishmenl of some of •jration, especially at a time whenithe private businesses which cuter problems of a critical and iinme-jed a lull during the wai cliate nature are pressing i'or solu-• lion. j Carousel ; Little Rock — The di'.'/.ying ca-: rousel of federal bureaus movini; : in and out. of the Federal Building ; heie continues. It gives rise to spc-i dilation about two things: I Wou'd an addition to the Federal building annex on the ground ; available lucre be at least a partial answer? '2. Whatever happened to one suggestion thai was m'ide for thu construction of one building in i which all Veterans Administration j f ire's could be housed'.' : I As matters stand now on the j VA, this group occupies some 2f>,- 1000 square leet on Ihe third and j fifth floors of the Federal building ; and a little over .'.i.'lOO square i'eet I in Ihe Pyramid Buildim; Cor a total lot around 20.0(10 feel. ' If som» .-.I the smaller agencies in the Federal Building can find office space el.sesvherc, there will be an additional 13,000 foot there by the VA, tor a total of 42.000 feet leaving the I VA short by 11).0(1(1 square '"eel of Is estimated 00,000 feel lolal need. The VA says it's "discouraging. It means Ihc situalion of finding space in downtown buildings. Which it probably is when other ( federal agencies are looking for | outside space, too. So you have the j VA in the position of seuking more j space in the federal building; with j displaced offices seeking outside ' space and with the VA seeking outside space. In fact il almosl puts the VA in competition with itself. ihiee factors are said to be in- nerent in the situation: 1. Lack of construction of business building.'; during the war; 2. Expansion of HALF-PRICE SALE! DOROTHY GRAY Mother's Friend massaging preparation helps bring case and com/ort to expectant mothers. M OTHER'S FUTEND. nn exquisitely prepared emollient, IH iireful In alt conditions where :i bland, mild unodyno massa^o medium In skin lubrication 1.1 clrnlrctl. One condition In which women for more than 70 years hnvo used It is nil application for massaging the body chiving pregnancy ... it helps keep tho Kkln soft and pliable... thus avoiding imneccsEary discomfort Uue to clrynesa and tightness. It refreshes nnd tones tho skin. An ideal massage application for tho numb, tingling or burning sensations of tlio skin...for the tired back muscles or crnmp-llko pains in tho legs. Quickly absorbed. Dcllahtful to xise. Highly praised by iisers, many doctors and nurses. Millions of bottles sold. Just ask r.ny druggist for Mother's Friend—-tho sitin emollient and lubricant. Do try it. ftifend USUALLY $2 FOR A LIMITED TIME ONLY-*! plus fax • Helps battle wind burn, chapping, skin drying. Filmy, non-sticky powder base and soothing after-lhc- batli lotion. Pul plenly on the shelf- NOW! John P. Cox Drug Co. Walgreen Agency Phone 616 — 617 i^i STEEL STRIKE GETS EARLY START—Steel workers at the Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation in Pittsburgh, Perm., got off to an early start in the nations steel strike They called their workers OL!': ahead of the rest of the industry and are shown here in a revolv- mg picket line at the main gate of the Jones & Laughlin Corporation. (NEA Telephoto. Lifc .s a aid 100 a Month! Needed Protection, Ages 65 to 85, Costs Only 1 Sent a Day The Postal Life & Casually I: ance Company \i2~i2 Posta Buildins. Kansas CMy ^. Mo.. new accident poli;:y for mi: women of ayes (io lo !!.'i. It pays up to $500 if killed, up lo §100 a month for disability, new surgical benefits, up to $100 a month 8 for hospital care and other benefits lhat so many older people have- wanted. And Ihe cost is only 1 cent a day. $3.65'a year! Postal pays claims promptly; more than one-tiuarlor million people have boiv-'ht Postal policies. This special policy for oltkv people is provin;.; especially altrac'.iv;. "•'' medical examination - i.o aj.;f:,ls will ci.ll. SEND NO MONKY NOW. Just. v/rite us your name, address and age—the name, address and rc!a- lion.shiu of your b'-'iiefieifiry-- ;vid we will sei'd a policy ior Hi <l;i>:' FREE INSPECTION. No obligation. Write today. —Adv. lo furnish it, bul i! i.s reported thai Jieynolf.is does MOI want to pay as much, a.; the Aluminum Company <.;!' America did durini; ihe war when u operated the plant on lease jrorn Ihe government. The price of Alcoa was .seven mills per kilowatt hour, and Reynolds officials are .said to I'L-C! lhat this is somewhat exceiiive. They say that the Diesel-generated power will co.-t only two mills per kilo- wal hour. UtlhnaU'ly. a decision will have, lo he made re^ardim; the once-pro- ee.'.d. llien abandoned, plan for i::- ;;t:.liui;. 1 , a biy siearii-eicclric plant on Lake Catherine for Jones Mills. FEPC'crs -;o Washington Although the fire lias been taken | out oli the C. I. O. drive in behalf jot the full employment bill which I brought delegations from many j nearby communities, and a few dislunl ones, last summer, the oj'gani/.ors of such treks lo Washington are at it again — this time I tor the purpose of stirring up the fight over the fair Employment Practices Committee. j Objective is to force through j Congress legislation thai will e.stab- : li-'.h an'.l niainUiin Iho agency as u 1.98 2. What a scnliincnlul valentine will do for a girl's morale, llicsc dickeys will do for her suits! Swiss Jmpoilcd organdies and rayon-sheers with frolhy jabols (seme accented wilh tiny black grosgraiu iibboii-bo\va) bill- tcrlly Lows, V neck ruffled collarsf and peek-a- boo front panels . . . sugar coated wilh combinations of exquisite alencon, val lype and vcnise laces and embroideries. In white and hearl-melling'colors.' Others for -© Voice of Opinion -By James Thrasher- tion ( 'Tlunili f* ploil Lost Objectives Suppose that the United Stales were a defeated, devastated occupied e.innlry. And suppose thai n wave of (lisconlenl approaching mutiny should sweep through Ihc occupying troops. H i.s easy lo imagine ihe secret exultation we should feel, and. the secret activity that we should initiate. The first i "we want in go home" demonstration wnulil have been (lie signal for '•uniting and 01 gani/.ing effoi Is to ex- that discontent lo Ihe fullest There is no reason to doubt lhal Ihe Germans are making an effort to cash in on this lalcsl turn of our rather .sorry performance as an occupying power. Our soldiers' dis content can scarcely have failed lo put fat on Ihe lean ribs of slill-Nazi- minded citi/cns. And one may finest inn whether the murder of several American Army men in various purls of our occupation /.one shoi tly after the "we want, lo go lionie" demonstrations was merely a coincidence. The fundamental trouble seems !o be thai many of our excellent objectives for Germany have not been followed through, Not so many months ago a favorite lupic of discussion was Ihe length of time we should have to occupy Germany and Japan. Kvery- one agreed that occupation was necessary. Hut should il be for, five. 10. '25. or 100 vears? Hope Star, WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair and warmer this afternoon and tonight and in south portion Thursday, cloudy nad slightly colder north portion Thurs« day. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 85 BigSinUir^ Meet to Name Candidate Star of HODO. 1899: Press. 1927 Consolidated January 18 1929 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1946 lAP)—Moans Associated Press (NEA)—Moans Newsoaoer Enterorlje Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Not long ago we were telling one another that the re-education of t"-.uid difficult task, but one which the enemy peoples would be a long would have to be carried Ihruugh wilh all the skill and energy we could niustr if peace were lo be made secure. We were remarking sagely lhal I'oree was the only language Ihnsc nvoples could undo! stand, and that I'oree must be rlemonstraled and maintained. These policies and objectives have no' been denied. Yet they have been lost sight of in a series • Jt\f fumbling efforts to repair a formidable military machine that started breaking down almost as soon as the fighting stopped. The confusion over demobilisa- tion, the apparent failure of the Army in provide its men overseas with adequate information and to maintain discipline, the obvious . I'aiiuie to procure replacements in sufficient .strength-all Ihesc arc but the latest in a scries of mishaps. The faull hes with the govcrn- ."'rncnt. particularly its military brunches, and also with the country as a whole. We lend, in Germany, to avoid an actual tackling of the hardest tasks of peace. Such a reluctance, if prolonged, inn si surely injure our prestige among our rcce.nl Allies and the liberated countries. They, Uio, understand the language of force. And lliey sec this country, a. moral leader in the cause of world security, bogging down in one of the firsl .... tests of that leadership. '('iV ^° vun'l assign our job lo Ihc --' United Nations Organization. Il is nol the UNO',s. businifss to police OrOririiV(iy"""iii!cf .Iripari,'' or 'to" write and enforce peace trealies. II is nol only our duly bul also lo our ad- vanlagc in world affairs lo maintain equalily of strength and efficiency with Britain and Russia in carrying out our assignments. By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER London, Jan. 23 —(/I')— The top men of the five principal powers in the Unilcd Nations mel secretly in Ihe office of Secretary of State James F. Byrnes loday and wore reported lo have failed again to a^reo on a candidate for .secretary general of the new Hccurily organix.alion. The negative rcsull of Ihc 90- minule meeting led some officials to express fear that Ihc five powers were drifting loward a deadlock on Ihe question, made more acute by charges of political interference made by Iran against Russia and by Russia against the British in Greece and Indonesia. American officials had hoped to make .swift nrogress on the silua- tion loday, bolh al Ihn five-power meeting and a later informal session of representatives of all 11 security council members, so the new pence organization could begh building its permanent staff. The live powers have to agree in order for the full council lo nominate a man whom the 51- membcr general assembly may ac cept or reject The Uniled Slales is rcpoiict backing Lester Pearson, Canadian ambassador lo Washinglon, for the $20,(IOO a year post. Russia has been advocating the candidacy o Trygve Lie, foreign minister o Norway. 'The meeting, al a Mayfair holcl was Ihc firsl such session thai has been allended by Adrei Vishinsky Soviet vice-commissar of foreigi affairs and chief Russian delegate since the beginning of Ihe UNO conference. Vishinsky arrived ii London yesterday. Others al the meeting in addition to Byrnes were British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bcvin, Paul Boncour, of France and V. K. Wellington Koo of China. Shortly before this secret gathering of diplomats, British officials were reported authoritatively to have discussed with French delegates an approach by the British government to the seucirty council's handling of Ihc Russian complaints against British policy in Greece and Indonesia. The Unilcd Nations Organization postponed until tomorrow its scheduled action lo scl up machinery to guard against an atomic war. The office of Gladwyn Jebb, UNO executive secretary, said: "We moved up Ihc meeting lo loday because Byrnes wanted to get back lo America as soon as •wosSVU;lc;'"1jftt have' had to caricel it for loday because of gelling Ihc (political and sccurily) commit lee's report ready for the assembly." Kalgan, Quasi-industrial City Now, But Suffering From Lack of Technicians By SPENCER DAVIS (For Hal Boyle) Kalgan, Jan. 'i'A —•(/!')— This an- ienl fur-lrading and leather-bar- cring center, where the camel car- vans from the Mongolian steppes auscd en route inlo norlh China, now a thriving quasi-industrial ilv, Ihanks lo Ihe Japanese, bul is uifcring.'from a lack of lechni- ians. A community of 200,000 popula- 1011, il is under Ihe rule of the esc Communists, whose lead- here, Gen. Nich Jun-Chcn, rankly admits that insufficiency f skilled workmen is one of his n-ciilcsl problems in trying to op- rale Ihc enemy legacy of fac- orics. The machinery Ihc Japanese lefl chind five months ago is becom ig defective, but there is apparently no immediate way lo gel cither repairmcnl or replacement •natcrial. Gen. Nich brought out Una prob- em in a conference with Col. Lee V. Harris of Memphis, Tcnn.. leading the truce-inspection team which came here to see thai cease- fire orders in China's civil strife were obeyed. Japanese engineers, in then long-range program for nortl hina as a colony of their dream empire, built foundries and oil re fineries, a flour mill, a cigarette factory, a mutch factory, an ar scnal and numerous light indus tries here. The Japanese also cleared roadbed for a railway to run nortl through Jehol and Chahar proy inces, but never got the rails lai before their surrender because o interference by Chinese Commi nists and guerrillas. A completed railway runs cast parallel to the Yung Ting river. It is crowded with cars hauling coal and hundreds of laborers in and out of the cily, and il may soon be reopened all the way to Peiping for through traffic. Like most Chinese cities which the Japanese had planned to hold, Kalgan presents sharp conlrasls between old and now. There is one ilion of the depot in, say, North ille, Nebr. Behind Ihcse new structures trclch Ihc old but still sturdy build- igs of ancient Kalgan. Around icm, the city walls are crumbling way, bul Ihc cily ilself appears rosperous. Stores are well-stocked /ilh goods, much having been con- iscaled from Ihe Japanese. • Tho "Emancipation Holcl, veil-run establishment, even of- ers its guests American cigaretles I $1 U. S. a package. . The hotel bedrooms arc .family and pleasantly scented, and there :; a polled cherry Iree in each. Svery night a bowl of apples :>ears and grapes is brought to the )cdsidc, and in the morning a servant with a pot of steaming tea awakens Ihc sleeper. Al Ihe hotel and at good reslau- •ants Ihe diner is surprised to find Rumored Kaiser May Arbitrate Steel Strike By J. ROBERT SHUBERT Pittsburgh, Jan. 23 —(UP)—Management and labor sought to mo bili/e public opinion showdown batlle loday in the of national economy being fought across the picket lines of steel workers who seek a $1.48 a day wage increase. . CIO President Philip Murray met wilh the United Sleelworkcrs 175- man wage policy commillee lo drafl a slalcmenl on Ihc Ihrec-day strike of 7. r >0,000 steel workers in 30 stales. He carried on them his con lenlion that corporate magnates are engaged in a "sinster conspiracy to plunge Ihc country into economic chaos." Benjamin F. Fairless, presidcn of United Slates • Steel Corp., wil r France Today Paris, Jan. :'.',', — (Ui—- Felix Ciouin, Socialist chairman of the Constituent Assembly, was elected pi c.-iidcnt of France today in succession lo the resigned Gen. Chtirle-:; do Gaulle. The ai.srnilily elected Gouin, giving hi::i 4t)7 of its . r )f>fi voles. Gonin, career diplomat who '•ln.'lpcd rci-onslituU; the Socialist pai-ty dnnng the Na/.i occupation, will head a coalition wovei'iimenl of Soi.'iali.;!.-;. (Joininuitists and Popular tvcpnb! leans. The election ended a four-day political i.'1'i.si.s. Since de Gaulle ai.no'inei.'d Sunday that, he was resigning, considering his lask done, the bin lln'co political parties had been t-TiKagi-d in a furious round of conli-rrnres ai.-cl jockeying to settle on a compromise candidate. Gei i. '.>,'.'• — I/I')— Hem- German fleet, once ii I.IAVCI iul lai-lor in world affairs, have been dind"d among the vie- loiions Ing three —• IJr'lain, Kus- Viia and the United Slates. "Operable surface units" ol the Na/.i navy, amounting to 1,75!) vessels, together wilh !IO submarines, are bring split up on a share and snare alike basis, a tri-power com- munique said lasl night. The aelion leaves Germany without the vestige of a combat fleet. A I'ji'iti.sh source said the German men-haul fleet also would be divided ill) later, although fishing vessels wil not be taken. Imt'h'ed in Ihe .split-up were two . i;rui:-ers. .'5(1 destroyers and torpedo boats. -Ill torpedo ship,s and 1,07!) oilier units, including mine sweepers and harbor patrol boats. All ol Germany's battleships were Mink during Ihe war and the British disclosed last night thai 100 .siirrendi red German U-boats were '; scuttled List November. Each nation, in addition lo 10 submarines svill receive: United Slates — the 10,000-ton crui.s'.-r J'rin/. Ilngen, seven de- .slruyer.s and !>,; podo boats, 12 de- j.oi 'shins and 5til) other unils. j (In Washington State Department otiicials .-aid '.hey could give mi indication whe lithe identity of ihe siiii.is -ill'it-.d would be lunir.ced. The Vrinz Eugen. en joule In Boston lor what the Navy .Di'f.'iii'lment described as expcri- a.si. nighl was reported toe assistance of the :ip ship Frederick C. inilct, east of American officials said the delay was a technical one. Edward B. Sletlinius, Jr., will head Ihe American delegalipn dining Ihe UNO's consideration of Iranian complaints against Russia and Russian complaints against British policies in Greece and Indonesia. Navy Chaplain Gets Nations Highest Award Washington, Jan. 23 —(/!')— The -10-year-old navy chaplain who played a heroic role aboard the bla/ing aircraft carrier Franklin receives the nation's highest award for valor today from President, Truman. lie is Corndr. Joseph T. O'Callahan of Cambridge, Mass., and Holy Cross college, the first Jesuit priest If) enlist in the naval service in Ihis war. Falher O'Callahan, now assigned to Ihe new aircraft cur- rier Franklin D. Hooscvcll, had been aboard Ihe USS Franklin just 17 days when she was sel ablaze and endangered by aerial bomb hits within 00 miles of the Japanese coast last March 19 Although wounded himself, he manned a fire-hose, organized fire fighting and rescue parlies, wel down burning ammunition magazines to prevent additional explosion, carried wounded men topside on jhis shoulders, administered la.sl. rites lo the dying, consoled the wounded and inspired Ihe nnwoundcd. quantities of seafood, including shrimps and sea slugs. Asked how such delicacies find Iheir way lo :i ilv near Hie fringe of the Oobi dcscrl and wilh poor communications, the rcslaurauleurs reply, •small mcrehanls make a business if bringing them from the coast. This is remarkable because Iransporlalion is .so scarce. Few automobiles or trucks arc to be seen. There is an occasional camel caravan, but most hauling apparently is clone with pony-drawn two- wheeled carts. The carts run bct- ler than Ihey used to because all are equipped with rubber tires taken from Japanese army stores. Kalgon's money is issued by the Communist bank of Shansi-Chahar- Hopch provinces. It is offered for exchange at 800 lo one American dollar or one for Iwo Chinese Ceiv Iral Government dollars. Many Communist soldiers stroll the slrecls, for Kalgan has been a Iraininig ccnicr for recruits and conscripts. Aside from the money and the troops, the Communist control is not notably evident. General Mich asserts his government is nol of Ihe Soviel type bul is an autonomous democracy. He said he had Government to Seize, erate Strikebound Meat Plants Saturday present Big Steel's "side of the strike" in a network radio broad cast at 10 o'clock tonight. H'! tolc ; press conference yesterday hat the corporation feels the ' re iponsibility of protecting consumers "whose very existence would DO in jeopardy" should the company grant and 18 1-2 cent an hour increase as proposed by President Truman. Murray released a letter which he sent to Secretary of the Treasury Fred Virison. In it he <-harg- ed thai through tax refunds the steel industry is using "public funds siphoned from the U. S. treasury" lo further a design lo "destroy labor unions and lo remain unchallenged in its determined -effort to obtain uncontrolled profits." He urged immediate steps to eliminate provisions of the tax laws which he said enable the steel industry alone to close shop in 1946 because under the laws the treasury rebates and losses and guarantees profits through direct tax payments "regardless of. the reasons or causes for the loss.' He said il has been eslimalcd lhal the "moneys to be drawn from the Chicago, Jan. 23 — (IP) — The, striking AFL union of meat workers .oday ordered its men back to work in struck plants Saturday, the day set for government seizure of strikebound properties. Earl .Timerson, president, and Patrick E. Gorman, .secrclary- Ireasurer of Ihe Amalgamaled Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen of America, issued a statement saying as "loyal Americans" they had ordered their members in struck plants of Armour, Swift, Cudahy, Wi'lson, Kingan and Mor- rcll companies back to work effective Saturday. The AFL union claims 70,000 workers on strike. The striking CIO united packing house workers, with 193,000 members, made no •comment immediately. Truman Ads wide street lined with modern bus-'not wanted to establish collective incssc buildings, restaurant and ho- farms because the peasants were new theater and u too backward to make such sys- tbat is tu'ls. plus a railway station good irni- terns work. Reynolds Big Job Ahead Says Official Helena, Jan. 23 —(/I 1 )— The Reynolds Metals Company is too busy trying to put the Hurricane Creek alumina plant and the Jones Mills aluminum plant into production to plan establishment of a fabricating plant in Arkansas, says Vice President Keen Johnson. Johnson, who allended a Phillips County chamber of commerce banquet here last night, spiked rumors lhal Reynolds officials soon would announce plans lo build a plant at Helena to manufacture aluminum railway boxcars. Johnson did nol say no such plant would be established in Arkansas but pointed out thai Reynolds' lask in gelling Ihe plants near Bauxite anu Malvorn ready for operation was a big one and thai no other plans could be made immediately. Although the alumina and aluminum plants are scheduled to be reopened by April 1, ho said company engineers planned to have them ready for operation as soon as possible. Reynolds recently leased bolh plants from the government. Asked it his company would buy liauxilc ore from independent producers in PU'.aski and Saline counties, Johnson said: "My guess would be that Reynolds' will buy ore from anyone who offers the proper grade at the right price." 'ON SECOND THOUGHT' Tokyo —1/1')— Admiral Kichisa- ikiro 'Nomura, who was Japan's ambassador in Washinglon when Ihe Japanese atlackcd Pearl Harbor, is writing a book about the fateful negotiations which prcc-eded war in the Pacific. SHE OUGHT TO BE GOOD Waitsfiekl, VI. — (/!') — Unlike mosl little boys and girls, Hulh Kew clidn'l slop going to Sunday school when she grew up. Recently the Federated Church rewarded her wilh a Bible for nol missing a Sunday school meeting for 19 years. A Definite Program to Discredit MacArthur in Tokyo, Says Spokesman m crippled 1"( 1 licks l.Otlil York, i Russia -• The (i,000-ton Two By The Associated Press A spokesman at Allied headquarters in Tokyo asserted today there existed "a definite program to dis- ci edit General MacArthur and force Jurther changes in the present occupation policies and command." He was commenting on a charge by the .Russian Tass news agency that the U. S. occupalion command in southern Korea was inspiring reactionary" protests against the Moscow conference decision for un Allied Irusleeship for that Asiatic nation. "it is known," the spokesman added, "lhal orders have gone Ihrccmun truce oul to all opposition forces, including the so-called Communist an-| party members in Japan , to do their utmost lo discredit MacArthur." In Seoul, Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge, U. S. occupation commander in Korea, is included in MacArthur's command, the Russians New I occupying the area north of Ihe i."Kill parallel. Hodge said he had cruiser been trying constantly lo impress .Koreans wilh the advantages of a trusteeship. The joint Soviet-American occu- palion commission is in session in Seoul lo formulate plans llor Korea's recovery. In Chungking, il. was announced meanwhile thai General Marshall agreed to advise Ihc three member military commitlce concerned with reorganisation of Ihc Chinese Army. The special U. S. envoy only recently participated in nego- UuUons which led lo a truce in hostilities between government and Communist forces. Armistice commission headquarters in Peiping reported thai a has had been successful in ending the fighting Jn Ihe Tsinan area of Shantung province. Reports from other truce learns indicated thai stories of vio- lalions of the Jan. 13 cease fire deadline apparently were exaggerated. Both side shave charged violations. The arrest of -18 more Japanese war criminals suspects, including lliree lieulenant generasl, was ordered by Mat-Arthur in a renewed drive against militarists. GOP Seeks Way to Break Ry JAMES E. ROPER Washington, Jan. 23 —lUP) — Senate nepublicans called a special caucus loday in the hope of Earlier, Gorman old reporters Ihcy and had Jimerson "received Washinglon, Jan. 23 — (/P) — Pres- idenl Truman today took steps to halt a threalcned slrike on two Chicago railroads which would block livestock shipments lo the Chicago stockyards. ssurances from sources we can ol reveal that Ihc government will iply any wage increase recom- nended by the fact finding board 'ctroaclively al least to the date if seizure." Gorman said his union had telegraphed President Truman stating 'we. feel that the governmenl will nake a good employer." The union . leaders' slalemcnt gave six reasons for ordering the AFL men back to Haw, Acting under railway mediation crcaled an he I to investigate a tween the Indiana harbor emergency " 5pute be- belt railroad, the Chicago junction railroad and the brotherhood of railway trainmen. A walkout of the 1,500 trainmen on the Iwo shullle roads has been sel for 10:30 p.m. (CST) tonight. Washington, Jan. 23 —(IP) —The White House announced today the Department ol Agriculture will seize and operate strikebound meat packing plants on Saturday. Press becietary Charles G, Rosa said me Agriculture Department will have the aid of the' War Department "u necessary" and that the Agriculture Department , will conduct the operations. ' Hoss declined 10 answer questions concerning his terse announcement,, maue to a hurriedly called news conterence. HOSS made, me following oral statement: ' "ihe government will seize the closed meat pacKing plants on oaturday, Jan, 26. •"The necessary orders lor the seizure are now being prepared by the secretary of Labor: "The seizure Will be made Vjy the Department of Agriculture, with tue T aid 01 the War Department if necessary. The plants will be operated by the Department of Agriculture . • • "That's the whole of it at this time." A few minutes earlier a govern- ii: ;•..-. The union charges the roads with ment official.. who. declined to be violating a union contract. quoted directly, iiaa indicated the National mediation board nf- seizure would be ficials said nOtlllGCl Ol m^i ijj. toiuvji 11. £» civ* iii*jii ,, . — . their jobs ion "feels that 130,000,000 Ameri- a Strike automatically for, 6"0 days operation. Labo. cans should not be further incon- P<™dmg the emergency board's re- venienced in being unable to mir. P°_ r i- o j-_ seizure wnrk whpn lho ""ais saiu the parties would be to allow lurtfter government seizes Tenants, m°- ™™™ of the president's action sinking.CIO eluding the slatemenl that the un-, wh . lcr !.' under the .law, usually halts '" ~ 130,000,000 Purchase meat." ' The reasons were: "1. A fact finding commission has been appointed and hearings on the wage question are under way. We feel it will be impossible for this commission to complete it;; work within Jess than two con- will i be to substanliale Ihe wage increases demanded for our membership. "2. Col. F. W. King of Ihe quartermaster general's office on Saturday requesled lhat we permit the uninterrupted removal of meat for the Pacific soldiers and also staled lhat if Ihe slrike continued our boys in the Pacific would have Mediation board officials said nearly every road entering Chicago would be affected if the strike materialized. The board has 30 days in which to make its report. For 30 days the government The administration mmediate plans for no meat. "3, ja continuation of would cause additional the slrike disastrous finding a way to break up the southern Democrats' filibuster against FEC. The Republicans were nol sure whal strategy they could devise. But Chairman Robert A. Taft, O., ol" the Republican steering committee hoped to line up solid GOP backing for the bill lo eslablish a permanent Fair Employment Practices Commission. Southern Democrats, confident their filibuster cannot be broken, were standing in line to attack the bill which would outlaw discriminating in hiring because of race, creed or religion. Lanky Sen. Clyde Hocy D., N.C., dressed in his gray Prince Albert coat wilh Ihe ever-present red carnation, was scheduled lo take the floor today. He will round oul a solid week of southern onslaughts against the bill. A number of other Dixie senators were eager to speak after lloey. Bui none indicated ho would la Ik as long as Sen. Richard B. Russell, D., Ga., who harrangucd Ihc Senale for four and a half hours yesterday before he walked off the floor, weary and hungry. Russell sipped at glasses of milk, and pinched away cramps in his leg as he attacked the bill. He described il as a Comnuinisl- backcd monslrosily lhal would prevent Americans from refusing to hire Adolf Hitler on grounds lhal ho was a Na/.i. "Hitler could gol a job as a paper-hanger and maybe keep some American veteran oul of work," Russell said. Tempers wore taut all day and finally snapped when Sen. Millard E. Tyclings, D., Mel., shouted "let's have some truth in this body — the Republicans are trying to make political capital of this issue." • "There arc more political Ethiopians in this bill than there are working Ethiopians," Tydings yelled, clapping his hands logclhcr for emphasis. "People who are voting for this bill would move out of a hotel if a colored man came in and sal down beside them." Sen. H. Alexander Smith, R., N. J., protested that Tyrdings was niixing social equality with equality of opportunity. Freedom to gel a job was not, the same as intermarriage, Smith said heatedly. Tyriings complained thai under the FEPC, bill an employer could not refuse to hire a rnan because he was H Negro or a Catholic or a Jew bue he could refuse lo hire him if he did not belong ty a union which had a closed shop contract. The well-filled Senate was listening attentively when Sen. Glen Taylor, J)., Ida., interrupted by saying: "The reason there is so much silence is that many consider your statements not worlh allacking." Tydings angrily whirled on his accuser lo remind Taylor thai he was a freshman senator. When Taylor conceded he was new and therefore hud to absorb considerable criticism, Tydings replied sharply that Taylor "is not only new, bul new menially." OAKEN UUCKET BOWS Lufa.vellc, Ind. — (7P) — Purdue Universily's forestry department, eschewing sentiment, says modern commercial evaporators arc- more successful lor making maple syrup than Ihe open kellles of the ruditiunal "sugar camps." public purse to compensate American industry may run to 20 billions 6f dollars." ' Murray lold a press conference lhal through the lax laws U. S steel alone could collect $149,000, 000 if it did not operalc a single day Ihis year. Fairlcgs conlcnded responsibility Vested with the union for the strike — largest in American history — the cumulative effect of which was growing in Allied industries. Supply-starved railroad shops and fabricating mills were closing or cur- aining operations. . "Wo met • the uniow mwre than half way," Fairless said. "Our offer of a wage increase of 15 cents an hour met 75 per cent of the union's final proposal." He said his company was nol waging a "selfish" fight and expressed hope that "this thing is settled lo Die besl interests of the American people." Murray said there had been "no move on anybody's part to reopen negotialions" since Ihe strike was called at more than 1,200 plants Monday. In Washington, it was revealed that President Truman has notified members of his steel fact- finding board to continue study of governmental data relative to the strike and remain available "for further consultation." The \Var Mobilization and re- conversion office is expected to announce a steel price increase before Ihe end of Ihe month, bul it will be based on December earnings reporls and not on wage considerations. Henry J. Kaiser, who signed an agreement for his Fontana, Calif., plant for the 18 1-2 cent increase, lold reporters seeking to confirm rumors that he had been asked to land th membership of the Alam- arbitratc Ihc slccl strike that hC|gamtcd Meat Cutters and Butcher settle Ihc walkoul in if both sides accepted losses to the farmers, cattle raisers and caltle feeders of our nalion. "4. With all production-virtually stopped as -a result of the slrike, its continuation under presidential seizure would cause a probable disastrous shortage in the grain, supply of our nation as billions of pounds of grain daily must be fed to the nation's livestock supply. "5. We feel that 130,000,000 Americans should not be further inconvenienced in being unable to purchase meat when the fact finding commission and government seizure seems to provide the remedy for a solution of our wage problem, esoecially since the government will put into effect, if the packers do not, the wage increases recommended by the fact finding commission and continue the seizure, if necessary. "6. If we can not Irusl the government of the United Stales in ils seizure of Ihc plants for the purpose of finding the remedy to the wage question involved, then it appears lo us thai there is no other agency thai the workers can possibly trusl." Tho statement concluded with Iho dcclaralion that "we therefore obey tho president's seizure ordr thereafter no change, except by agreement, can be made by the roads or their employes in the conditions out of which the disputes arose. In Chicago, an executive of both roads seized a walkout would dis rupt through friegth shipments between the east and west. The Indiana Harbor road connects with main line railroads entering Chicago. The Chicago junction road serves the stockyards. The brolherhood charged company violation of the union contract and failure lo comply with directives of the national railroad adjustment board regarding distribution of transfer service between seniority point terminals and restoration of train 'switching'job's' 1 to trainmen. Saturday, i . pe'rsuade icturn to overnment ment offi- iKing AFL return in took over.' still! has no further action on the steel strike; Ross said. Asked whether there were any plans for Henry Kaiser to be Drought into the picture to help settle the steel dispute, Ross replied: "I know of no such plans." Last week Kaiser signed a con- could days, as arbiter. He Ihe reporls of two him could not confirm his appointment, however. He said the problem was "making bolh sides lislcn to reason." The Association of Steel Fabri- Continucd on Page Two Workmen now on strike are ordered to return to their jobs." ,In New York, striking members of the CIO UPWA volecl against returning lo work when the government seizes strucl plants, unless ordered to do so by the union's national committee. Continued on Page Two HLC Takes Heart Out of By JAMES MARLOW Washington, Jan. 23 —(IP)— A group of congressmen, the House Labor hearl Commillee, has out of President cut the Truman's Watching for Pfc Langston Marine Veteran Previously Reported Dead by War Dept. Newport, Jan. M — (UP>— On the streets of Newport today, some [2 citizens arc watching for Pfe. William Willard Langslon—Marine veteran previously reported dead by Ihc War Deparlmcnl. The 12 have all positively identified Langston from past incidrnls the youth related to them. Langslon's sister, Mrs. Charles Griffin of Colter, has been in Now- porl the past two days, since she firsl heard of the miracle thai The 27-year old youth was re- brought her brother home alive, porlcd dead in a War Department message to his mother, Mrs. Naomi Remarried Wife Disappointed St. Joseph, Mich., Jan. Z'A — (UPi —The hope of u 27-year-old girl that her first marine husband might still be alive, a hope quick- plan for selling up fact-finding boards lo scllle labor dispules. Maybe the full House or Senate will put Ihe hearl back in. Maybe not. But if the hearl's oul, why do anything? This is an explanation. Under his extraordinary wartime powers, President Truman has set up such boards in the present labor crisis. The boards are supposed to learn the truth. But they have no authority under law to examine a company's books. And there's no law saying a union can't strike while the board is working. So President Truman asked Congress to pass a law, which would be a permanent, law in wartime or pcacclinie, to give him or any president Ihis power in a labor dispule: 1. To sel up a fact-finding'board. 2. To give the board authority to examine a company's books. li. To forbid a strike for 30 days while the board power to examine I a company's books. And labor rebelled against the provision which would forbid a strike for 30 days while Ihc board was working. Before a bill can become a law— the president's proposal was introduced in Congress as a bill — the full House and Senate must debate and vote on it. But before a bill gets up to House or Senate for debate or action, it. must go through a com- mittce. This bill was senl lo the cned by a rumor from ah Arkan- House Labor Committee. The SMS town, was ended today. The committee had bolllcd up Ihe bill llendricks of Jonesboro. The message said lhal he was killed in action in Iwo Jirna lasl March 7, and Ihe he was buried in the Marino cemetery on Iwo. Langston's grave registration number provided. There is some belief that the Marine veteran may be buttering from amnesia. He is said lo have promised u Newport waitress thai he would return today to draw pie- lures for her—-an art he learned in an army hospital. He seemed, no doubt as to tnc exact location of his home. The extent of his injuries is not known, but Newport cili/ens who lalkcd to Langston say his hands are badly mangled, and that lie has one leg missing. Langslon is supposed to have been in the states appi'oxinn'e two weeks, and to have visited his Lan wife in St. Joseph, Mich. He lound her remarried. Mrs. Langston says she has not seen her husband, and rumor was unfounded. "II was a mistake, a tragic mistake", said pretty Linda Langston O'Signac. "I'm awfully sorry this happened." William Langslon, marine private first class, was reported killed on Iowa Jima lasl March 7. Two weeks ago. his widow and mother of his eight-year-old .son, married has checked reports that he is still alive. former Marine Cpl. Joseph O'Sig- nac, Batlle Creek, ;i veteran of Tarawa where he was wounded. Yesterday reports came from Newport, Ark., thai Langslon had was! turned up there alive. Excitedly. I Mrs. O'Signac began a hurried check by telephone. "1 loved him," she said. "1 never would have remarried if 1 thought he was alive." But there was no truth in the report. Mrs. O'Signac said she and her second husband had agreed that if Langston ever returned, she would go back lo him. ••Naturally, I'd go back to him," she said, when she first learned of the report from Newport. "He's the father of my son. I used to dream of such a thing and now il has happened." She stared at the evidence of _slon's death today — his personal belongings senl her by the War Department Oct. 5. There was the dirt-encrusted ring with his given him. she said. for weeks. A bill generally initials inside she had "I'm awfully sorry, dies right there when a committee votes against letting the full Congress vote on it. The committee can also change a bill any way by wishes. H changed it in this case'. H approved, for full House action, a bill which would permit the president lo sel upp fad-finding boards. Bul —. 1. The board would nol have power lo examine a company's books. 2. It would nol forbid labor unions I oslrikc while Ihe board worked. So lhat leaves for the full House only a bill giving the president authority to set up fact-finding boards. Some congressmen have already called such a bill "useless." Then why would Congress go through the motions of voting on it or passing it inlo law? Here is why: Firsl of all, a board must be paid. The government can't ask men lo serve on the board for nothing. So, the bill as il slands would regularize for Mr. Truman or any future president the means of set- ling up fact finding boards. Once a bill providing for fact- finding boards became law, Con gress would have to make provisions for paying such boards out ol Continued on Page Two tract with the CIO United Steel workers union ior his California Steel plant. Chester Bowles, OPA administrator, was scheduled to talk with President Truman shortly after noon and Labor Secretary Schwellenbach had an appointment later. Seizure of the meat packing plants would be the first such ac-. tion in a major labor dispute since ' the current wage of big strikes started. . > It remained uncertain, however. whether •.••federal,?'- seizure * of'/tHe meat packing plants would restore speedily the normal flow of bee lamb am 1 pork products to the nation's tables. The Labor Department had assurances that the 70,000 striking AFL meat workers would return to work for the government, but there was no such commitment' at once from 200;000 CIO members who also are out. However, Assistant Secretary of Labor John W. GibsOu said he understood seizure' would be ordered in any case. Preparation of seizure papers was virtually completed last night, it was learned. Reportedly, either the army or. the Agriculture Department would run the industry pending settlement of the wage dispute. Although the government marked time in efforts to settle the steel strike, which has 750,000 workers idle in 30 states, there were a few rays of hope plus continued activity in various other labor-management disputes. Among the developments were these: Steel — Seizure of strikebound steel plants was reported by those close to the White House to b "hardly in the stage of >,»rious discussion" at this Unit. Electrical manufacturing — Mediation was to be resumed tomor- •ow in New York between leaders of 200,000 striking CIO United Elec- .rical Workers and executives of General Electric and Westinghouse Corporations. Shipbuilding —- The working committee of the shipbuilding stabilization conference scheduled new neetings today to act on a government sponsored proposal to increase shipyard wages 15 per cent. The proposal was advanced yesterday. The shipyard increase, if adopted, would affect 650,000 AFL and CIO shipbuilding and shipyard workers. It might, have some bearing on the steel dispute. Steel companies are heavily represented in the townership of shipbuilding plants. Efforts to obtain from the CIO United Packinghouse Workers some assurance that they would collcpscs and return to work if the government takes over the industry were pursued all day yes'eid •:".• by Secretary of Labor Schw v 'bach and Assistant Secret;*;- . in. When the me? . sed, Gibson told repoi (••.•. ...... "Jon President Lewis 0. C L-.;.v .-. • • hit, delegation "made no con',:-:,;;rnents," However, he went on, Uus "will not delay the seizure order. The government, will seize, that is my understanding." 0 "••"' " — A. V. Howe/ Prescolt, Injured in Collision on Hazel Street A. V. Rowe of Prescott was injured in a collision at East Division and Hazel streets about 9:30 this morning. Mr. Howe's truck collided with a truck belonging to Gunter Lumber Co., driven by a negro named, T. Brown. Mr. Rowe was taken to a local hospilal for observation . <i x-rays, the extent of his iiv- : •••- could nol be learned. V::e acoiiJc.it was reported to be unavoidable. . o '— The formal contract between the government and the Wright brothers for the first Army plane was signed in 1908. m n ««

What members have found on this page

Get access to Newspapers.com

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 11,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free