Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 21, 1946 · Page 4
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 4

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Monday, January 21, 1946
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.»*«•*.««<« n- - - Page Four HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Mondoy, Januory 21, 1946 American Motion Pictures in Spain, Haying Marked Effect on Spanish Life ,By DeWITT MacKENZIE AP World Traveler • Madrid. Jan 21 — American motion pictures are having a marked effect on Spanish life, and by the same token are destined to play their part in international relations — ,lacts which impose on Hollywood the obligation of seeing that nothing which might damage is exported. To the Spanish public the Hollywood movies are the reflection of a Utopian way of life America is ;the enchanted land of wonders and plenty. One very noticeable influence of Hollywood is on feminine dress, makeup and fashions hair The women of Spain, who are among the most beautiful in the world, are copying American filmdom. •American music also is being introduced in this manner, as well as American dancing — including jitterbugging. However, the thing reaches deeper than that. The folks of Spain are intensely interested in American automobiles, in our modes of travel, in the magic contrivances we have for the kitchen, and in labor saving equipment for our 'business offices. And the interest isn't merely academic. The Spanish are excellent copyists. They make adapta- -tipns 01 many things they see in :picture. American movies are preferred in Spain. Last year 133 American pictures were released here and ^these were 62 percent of all the lifms shown in the country. It's interesting to note that Mexican -films released are increasing. Ac- •cotding to available records two •Mexican pictures were shown here "in 1944, thirteen last year and the forecast for this year runs to 50. Spain herself produces an average of 40 pictures a year, but the industry still has.far to go in development, which was hampered by the civil war of 1936-39 and the ensuing world war. However, this country is doing a magnificent job of sound retracting. This involves the substitution of Spanish dialogue for English and is difficult, since it calls for the synchronization of the English language lip "movement and the Spanish language. Of course the exchange of pic: tures should develop better acquaintance among the various peoples, and this in the long run should help international relations. Hope Star Star of Hope 1899; Press 1927, Consolidated January IS, 1929 Published every weekday afternoon by Star Publishing Co., Inc. (C. E. Palmer and Alex. H. Washburn) at the Star building 212-214 South Walnut Street, Hope, Ark. C. E. PALMER President ALEX. H. WASHBURN Editor and Publisher Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Hope, Arkansas, under the Act of March 3, 1897. (AP)—Means Associated Press. (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Association. All Want Ads Cash In Advance One time . Three times . 2c word, minimum 30c 3J/ 2 c word, minimum SOc Real Estate for Sale SUBURBAN HOME, ALL ern convenient'es, fruit large barn, chickenhouse. smokehouse and well house. 15 Attractively priced. Owner leav ing town. Phone 2G-J-3. GOOD UNIMPROVED FAR land. SG.OO per acre, IGO tract 24 acres cullivatable, balance in small timber and ture. C. B. Tyler. Subscription Rates: (Always Payable In Advance): By city carrier per week 15c Hempstead, Nevada, Howard, Miller and Lafayette counties, $3.50 per year; elsewhere 56.50. Member of The Associated Press: The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. National Advertising Representative — Arkansas Dailies. Inc.; Memphis Tcnn., iterick Building; Chicago, 400 North Michigan Avenue; New York City, 292 Madison Ave.; Detroit, Mich., 2842 W. Grand Blvd.; Oklahoma City, 314 Terminal Bldg.; New Orleans, 722 Union St. accepted abroad as true. This type of picture can do more damage in a year than all the diplomats can repair in a generation. And. the moral of all this is that the selection of pictures in America for foreign consumption should be most carefully made, o- DWELLING, CORNER SO Hervey and Second Street. Calvin E. Cassidy. SIX ROOM HOUSE, 212 Wl Street. See Calvin E. Cassidy. SIX ROOM HOUSE, 216 WEST 13th Street. See Calvin E. Cassidy. 45 ACRES. TWO HOUSES, BARN. good orchard, well watered, gas. water and lights. Neat South Main Street. Se< E. Cassidy. 80 ACRES LAND. TWO HOUSES. barn and outhouses in Rosston. Ark. Bargain. See Calvin Cassidy. •American pictures shown in Europe give a false impression American life and morals. of Truman Says, U.S. Must Keep 2 Million Men ' Washington, Jan. 21 — (If)— Two million men still must be under arms when 1947 rolls around. President Truman told Congress today of this estimate by the army and navy, and he added that if recruiting can't produce that num- TJnfortunately, however, some^ ber Congress should act, not later 6 ROOM BRICK, TWO well located, close to shopping center. C. B. Tyler, 11 Row. 4 ROOM PRACTICALLY modern cottage, nicely carpeted and other floor coverings all go with the building. 1308 West Ave. B. Must be seen to be appreciated. C. B. Tyler. "' than March, to extend the draft 80 ACRES ON GRAVELED STATE highway. Three houses barn all for $2750.00 on cash balance and $200 per year. C. B. Tyler. 80 ACRES, SMALL SHACK highway, subject to offer. C. B. Tyler. 160 ACRES HALF BLACK, HALF dirt land, well improved, near paved highway 67. Reasonable price on long easy terms to pay. C. B. Tyler. 21-3t S/F/ED fice Day Before Publication ranee • Not Taken Over the Phone 30c Six times . . . Sc word, minimum 75c SOc One month . 18c word, minimum $2,70 ontinuous Insertions Only LL THE QUICKER YOU SELL" e IOD- •ees, okc- :res. eav- 17-Ot ING acre bal- pas- 17-31 UTH See 18-31 13th V. "18-31 13th "18-31 VRN. gas. d of alvin 18-3t SES. ston. i E. 8-31 ..OTS jping otton 21-31 NEW jeted 11 go Ave. jciat- 21-31 "ATE nd a SI 000 vear. '21-3t ON See 21-St Wanted SMALL FARM, MUST HAVE house, have own equipment. V. C. Cook, Hope, Route 4. 16-Gt Found BLACK AND WHITE SETTER bird clog about G years old. Knot on left side. Owner please contact S. S. Wafer, Route 4. Hope on highway 07 west at Wafer's Crossing. 18-31 Services Offered REGISTERED SPENCER COR- seticre, individually designed corsets, brassieres, men and women's surgical supports. Mrs. Ruth Dozier, 318 North Elm St. Hope, Ark. Phone 144-J. 28-lm FOR PAINTING AND PAPER Hanging. Phone 5G7-R. W. N. Wilson. 17-Gt AVON PRODUCTS FOR SALE BY Representative. Mrs. Sam Belts, Phone 10GO-J. 21-61 Wanted to Buy WE BUY HOUSEHOLD FURNI- turc, one piece or more. Any amount. What have you? Phone 873. 20-lm WE PAY BEST PRICES FOR used furniture. Hale and Bearden, 901- West 3rd. St. Phone 1093. 14-6t GOOD USED 2 3/4 INCH FARM wagon. Low wood wheels with wide tires. Ross R. Gillespie. 15-6t I WANT TO BUY A 1940-41 OR'42 model Ford or Chevrolet. Buck Williams, 10G South Walnut Street Phone 660. 17-tf Salesman Wanted Fair Enough By Wesrbrook Peglcr Copyright, 1946 By' King Features Syndicate. Washington, Jan. 20 — So many politicians and journalists, including, among the latter, me, have made lose and inaccurate use of the term "double-talk" that the following exception deserves notice in the record: There is not one person in our national government who has the gift of this rare tongue .and this sweeping exclusion does not except oven Felix Frankfurter, of the Supreme Court, whose writing, vague and soapy though it is, to be sure, nevertheless is crude and lumpish by comparison with that ingenious and marvelously nimble language which often, and always beyond his just deserving, has been attributed to him. Nor Molotov nor Mrs. R. nor Henry Wallace, either, if it comes to that, can speak true double-talk nor even a distant resemblance thereto and the same i '. would say of Thomas E. Dcwbj and any deep-South New Deal Jim Crow liberal whom you might care to nominate. Double-talk is a language fai more subtle than the Maudlii 'earning of the camp-meeting hys eric who falls out into the bushes jlathcring gibberish and blowing lis tongue like a bull-camel unclei certain provocation and for abou :he same reason. It is meaning loss words meaning sprattis of th< fratlis which I would be glad tc interpret if I could, and Lewis Cat- roll, were he about today, would b< quick to admit, , I am sure, tha his jabbcr-wockyi was fundamenta and logical English after a halt hour of listening to double-talk. Now double-talk is not pig-Latin that juvenile prattle which essay to disguise the meaning of. th verb "to scram" by the forn "amscray" nor is it that stupi abomination imported from th Australia docks about thirty yeai ago which called a suit a fiddle and-flute and a girl a twist-ant twirl. How some of us came 1 regard the Australians as our nea est of kin among the peoples t the British empire I shall neve early understand for the coinpl mcnt is all theirs and their slan so muscular and mirthless that bundle that a bum carries on his travels and that to waltz Matilda was to hit the road —for heavens' sake! There is not a man or woman living who can write true double- talk beyond a lew blurts of fifteen or twenty words set in a conventional American context. I know, for 1 had occasion a few years ago to seek authorities with a view to taking lessons. Once 1 thought I had found a professor but, after an hour at his studio, I learned that he was only a comedian with a repertoire of dialects, including something which he said was Hungarian and very amusing, at that, but only sounds, after all, like those which American children sometimes jabber, mocking for- Double-talk vague being came into about fifteen very years ago in Hollywood and New York and was heard only in a few of the more expensive saloons. The only one 1 ever met who could carry on in double-talk was either a songwriter or scenarist, on to New York for the opening of a picture, and exploiting i\ chance to confuse and confound a pompous pundit by addressing him earnestly with questions which had the sound of intelligence but didn't parse and weren't even composed of recognizable words. The pundit would agitate his cauliflowerecl brow and begin to offer a reply, only to be interrupted with something 'like " —But. doctor, if the spratlis ol the frattis—." I tell you, it hasn't been done . For instance some types of gangster pictures are wholly untrue and misleading. -Pictures showing wholesale marital infidelity also create decidedly bad ideas about American morals , In short, a lot of highly imaginative and over sophisticated pictures which citizens of the USA. take in stride as utter fiction are Loe's Tourist Cafe-Court — Featuring Steaks • Fried Chicken Barbecue ••' Sandwiches iFish • Soft Drinks •Open 6 a. m. to 12 Midnight Private Dining Room—Phone 222 Owned and operated by Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Loe City Limits & Highway 67 West Hope Builders Supply Co. For Paint Lumber Glass Lime Cement Wall Paper Insulation Board Plumbing Supplies Fencing Plywood Windows Roofing Builders' Nails Hardware act. The chief executive's message dispelled any idea that the 2,000,000-man figure is a mere milepost in demobilization, to be reached next July 1, with continued steady strength. But he did report that reduction of army and navy total the figure was "above the ultimate peacetime level" a goal not yet announced. "The War and Navy Departments now estimate that by a year from now we will still need a strength of about two million, including officers, for the armed forces — army, navy, and air," Mr. Truman said. "I have reviewed their estimates and believe that the safety of the nation will require maintenance of an armed strength of this size for the calendar year before us," (War Department planning calls for about 1,500,000 men by next July 1, the navy 500,000.) The president said the army obtained nearly 400,000 volunteers in the past four months and the navy 80,000. The army and navy demobilization systems are "working at full speed," the president reported, but observed: "Of course there are cases of individual hardship in retention of personnel in the service. There will be in the future. No system of such size can operate to perfection." Halt-is Ordered in Sending Lepers to Korea From Japan FOR LAND AT S6 PER see C. B. Tyler. ACRE. 21-31 SIX ROOM HOUSE AND 4 LOTS at 602 N. Hervey. John Price. 21-61 Female Help Wanted WHITE GIRL OR WOMAN FOR housekeeping and cooking. Experience preferred. Excellent salary, plus board and room with private bath P. O. Box 2454, Dallas 1, Texas. 18-Gt For Sale WANTED LOCAL SALESMEN IN CITIES AND COUNTIES To Sell our national advertised line to Factories, Churches, Service Stations, Garages, Schools, Hospitals, Hotels, Restaurants, Public Institutions. Grain Elevators, Truck, Bus, Auto and House Trailer Owners, Farmers' and Home Owners, etc. Capable Salesmen can earn real profits. ADDRESS MANUFACTURER, Dept. C-3, P. O. Box 983, Dayton 1, Ohio. French Reds in Drive for 3000 BALES GRASS HAY. 50c per bale. Deelivered in 100 bale lots. W. H. Burke, Hope, Rt. 3. 9-lm ONE ALLIS CHALMERS MODEL K Caterpillar. Floyd Porterfield. 12-tf 1936 FORD CONVERTIBLE, GOOD condition, four new tires. J. R. Lambert, Route 1, Emmet. 15-6t DIAMOND RING, Vi CARAT. FINE stone, beautiful setting. At sacrifice. 212 McRac street. 15-61 TWO BED ROOM SUITES, ICE box, Gas cook stove. 414 West Division street. Phono 959-M. 17-31 I 1940 CHEVROLET, SPECIAL DE- luxe sedan, four good tires, extra Tokyo, Jan. 21 — (/P) Allied headquarters advised the Japanese government today it was informed lepers were being sent to Korea from Japan. A halt was ordered to any such practice good condition. Jr., Columbus, operator. See Jo Johnson, Call Columbus 18-Gt ONE NEW PORTABLE SPRAY Paint Gun, Zenith radio, Jones Maytag Sales and Service. Phone 209. 304 East 2nd St. 18-61 Hats Cleaned and Rebuilt the factory way. . HALL'S HAT SHOP East 2nd St. Phone 7« Alterations Pressed While You Walt 1934 FORD, CHEAP. SEE J. F. Reed, 404 South Greening street. 19-3t ONE 21/2 BAIN WAGON IN GOOD By JAMES M. LONG Paris, Jan. 21 — (F?)— The Com munist party launched a drive today to name a Communist as the successor to Gen Charles de Gaulle, who resigned the provisional presidency of France last night following a cabinet crisis. De Gaulle stepped down from the presidency with an announcement that he considered he had completed the task ot "leading the country toward liberation, victory and sovereignty." In a letter of resignation addressed to Felix Gouin, president t' the Constituent Assembly, he said: "IE I agreed to remain at this government post after Nov. 1945, it was to respond to 13 the condition. See J. L. Hope, Route 1. Beckham. 21-31 For ELECTRIC WIRING AND REPAIR Phone 231-R Houston Electric Company TWO WHEEL HOUSE TRAILOR, 18 feet long, $200. Two miles West on old Highway 67. Leslie Terry. 21-Gl Notice CATTLEMEN GET RID OF THE Cattle Grub in your cows back. Monts Seed Store. 10-2w SEE IDEAL FURNITURE STORE for better furniture and better bargains. Phone 476. 14-lm Wanted to Rent Wanted! TELEPHONE POLES FIVE OR SIX ROOM UNFURN- ished house to rent. Mrs. Claude McConnell, phone 988-J. 16-!Jt Lost BLACK MULE, WRIGHT ABOUT 1100 pounds, Notify Martin Timmons, Hope,-Route -1. 17-31 BOND YELLOW GOLD WHIST watch Reward for return to Mrs. Dale Rogers, Phone 238-.I. ia-31 'More than 47,00(1 women a employed in banks of the United States. All Dimensions 1 6 to 70 Feet Cash Every Week RUFUS MARTIN PATMOS, ARK, kir\A/ ELECTRIC NtW MOTORS l/ 4 . l/ 2 - 3/ 4 . & I H. P. Also a StccK of Used Motors — LIGHT FIXTURES — — APPLIANCE REPAIRS — — MOTOR REWINDING — General Wiring Contractors Doug I^I'T'V Carl Bacon V^l I I Jones IklCTRIC CO. Phone 784 Hope unanimity with which the National Constituent Assembly addressed itself to me to make care of a necessary transition. Today that Iran sit ion has been effected. Besides France, afler great trials, no long er is in an alarming situation . . ." Party leaders mel in a specia conference and were expected to call Ihe assembly inlo session eilh er later loday or tomorrow. De Gaulle cancelled a radio talk to the nation thai he had sched uled for lonight, and reporledlj lefl Paris, presumably for seclu sion in the country while he wait eel for thc Constituent Assembly to act on his resignation. Although his secretary said the •csignalion was "irrevocable,' some polilical sources -prediclec de Gaulle might be prevailed upoi to form a new government or t •econsider his resignation. The lat ler sources said the announcemen would retire from public life iad been "a political gaffe (blund er. i" There were some reports tha .he resignation might be rejecte by the assembly. Other quarter .said Ihul if the resignation wer accepted de Gaulle might rui again, this time as head of hi jwn parly. Heretofore he has sloo alone, without a party. The Communists, after holding conference with representatives o the more conservative popular Re publican Movement Pary (MRP) announced that they would deman that a Communist be elected pro visional president. They immed ately advanced the name of thei minister of state, Maurice Thorez as do Gaulle's successor. Vincent Auriol, the Socialist Jiiir istt-r of alale, was considered ai other likely candidate in authorilL live polilical circles, which ah Uilkocl of a Socialisl-Communif government headed by a Radical- Socialist, perhaps pre-war Premier Edtiard Herriot. Four reasons were advanced for de Gaulle's resignation: 1. His unalterable opposition lo the proposed draft of it constitution on which the Socialists and Communists were working, leaving the MRP outside. 2. Resentment at continued Com- 'iiiunisi efforts to achieve a new ! popular front in a fuller alliance i wilh the Socialisls, the Radical-So- jcialisls and oilier leftisl parties, | at the expense of Ihe MR. I 3. Resentment at atlacks on the i Hovei•nmenl lor Ihe food situation for the expenses of thc army. 4. His lack of desire lo head type and line-drawings but only i linoleum-custom. A sticky, boggy raggart lot but never able to ike their own part in a big world nd always dependant on Ameri- nns for their ultimate salvation 'om a fate which is worse than sath, they exclude wit and grace nd exude bravado and their con- ibulion lo the songs of thc late ar was an incredibly banal thing ailed "Waltzing Matilda." Inquiry isclosed that "Matilda" was the even a clue lo Ihe text of double- talk are Dan Parker, the sports columnist of Ihe New York mirror, who sometimes represented, perhaps factiously, that he was quoting Gen. Phelan Ihe chairman of Ihe Boxing Commission, in double- talk, and John O'Hara, Ihe novelist, who has an car for the inco- herencics of drunks and bores and wits, and captured a few passages of double-talk in short essays for little magazines. But neither'Park- er nor O'Hara has ever gone fur- Ihcr and yes we have not a single writing in all Ihe literature of out- time done wholly in double-talk. The song-writer of scenarist of whom I speak I would gladly name jy name could I remember who he was. Bui he was just a fellow at a table merrily and bloodlcssly peeling off a hide with a quickness of mind and tongue that tjroduccd sounds without sense yet" with a seeming of the most respectful consultation at wisdom's throne. "Sprattis of tho frattis" was all I brought away with me and Park- Woman Held in Fatal Stabbing of Husband Little Rock, Jan 21 — (UP) — Mrs Johnnie Cox, 34, confessed today to officers here that she fatally slabbed her ,'!G-year-old husband, Marcin Hiley Cox, after a four-day drinking bout in nearby Jacksonville during which time Mrs Cox said she knew little of what she was saying or doing The attractive brunette, relating the weird story to Pulaski county officers, at first said she had found her husband stabbed to death in their home Saturday morning Later, after close questioning, she admitted stabbing him in a scuffle to get a butcher knife away from him. She said she had previously broken a platter over Cox's head at his insistancc after he had boasted "you can't hurt me" Mrs Cox told how she and her husband had been on a continuous binge since Wednesday. She claimed he had repeatedly abused icr during their married life and .hat at one time she had left him .nit returned. She told officers that she took a axi to Little .Rock shortly after icr husband's death, and bought a :ickct to Dallas, Texas. After walk- inn the streets several hours, she enortcd the incident*to officers At the government-built iiomc, officers found her husband fully- elothed and sprawled across the only bed in the house. Bloodstains were discovered in the bathroom lavatory Mrs Cox admitted trying to "clean up a bit" Sheriff Gus Caple said that some $20 was found in the woman's billfold No formal charges have been filed pending 'further invostimilion Chief Deputy Prosecutor Otis H. Nixon said charges might be filed today. Mr. and Mrs. Cox came to Little Rock from Dallas a months ago She said she was married to Cox, a former Scabce. at Houston ir March, 1942. The dead man's mother. Mrs Mary Cox, lives in Cole man, Texas. Cox had been cm ployed in Liltle Rock as a ma chinist. HEADS C. OF C. Batcsville, Jan. 21 —(/?)•— C. C. Walbcrt has been elected president of the Bnlcsvtlle Chamber of Commerce. He succeeds C. G. Jones. Forty degrees Fahrenheit is llu-, point at which water reaches ifV Rt-calcst density. Relief At Last For Your Cough Crcomulslon relieves promptly because It goes right to the seat of tho trouble to help loosen nnd expel . germ laden phlegm, and aid nature,' a soothe and heal raw, tender, In- lamed bronchial mucous mcm- )ranes. Tell your druggist to sell you a bottle of Creomulsion with the understanding you must like the way it quickly allays the cough or you arc ;o have your money back. t* CREOMULS90N ; or Coughs,Chest Colds, Bronchitis or and O'Hara seem to have preserved little more for the next annex to Henry Mencken's American language. I assure you that our War Department has not been addressing the soldiers in double-talk nor Frankfurter writing opinions in Ibis obscurest of tongues. By all means let us give credit where credit is due but when a sprattis of the frattis gets the sprattis the reverse holds true. The oldest Greek ring is believer to be one bearing an inscription be longing to the Mycenaean period. SPORTS -By Bnoh S. FnUertoi. Jr.- New York, Jan. 21 — (/P)— Some astern college athletic leaders, xasperated at the "do nothing" at- 'tude of the National Collegiate .. A. at its recent St. Louis mcet- ig, are talking about attending ext year's gathering in New York o "take charge." But they're kely to . fiiid themselves opposed y a bloc which figures the . C. A. A. shouldn't try to regu- ate athletics lob much because of tie difficulty in finding a common ground between the colleges that an afford to have ideals and those vhich have to make football pay. . •We probably will have to go out md get athletes in self-defense," 3ne eastern athletic director explained. "There's going to be an awful rush to get returning G. I. jlhlctes. And the new 'Ivy League' von't help out. Some of those schools will be just as bad as some southern colleges when it comes o subsidizing." gether next fall. . .Big Gil Bouley is reported to have earned $9,500 since he quit Cornell to join the Cleveland Rams. That's not bad dough for a second-string tackle. Broadway verce of Johnny Cox, the New Orleans boxing, maintains that now is the time to find a good young American flyweight and take him on tour of Britain, Ireland, Australia and other spots where flyweights A guy who has been A guy who has been hold forth, hold forth watching six-foot, nine-inch basketball players wonders where you'll find a flyweight over ten years old Its Wonderful The Kitty League, reviving after a wartime interruption, elected Shelby peace of Hopkinsvillo, Ky, as its president a bonafide peacetime league, eh? Monday Matinee The Holy Cross-Rhode Island, Boston College-Providence basket- jail doubleheader Thursday was a sellout a week in advance the !irst the Boston Garden has en- oyed. . Holy Cross, incidentally, nay try for a football pairing with St. Mary's of California to take the place of the old Fordham - St. Mary's rivalry. It would be a goo<^ start to gel the two bowl teams to- BUTANE SYSTEMS Plumbing Fixtures Plumbing Repairs HARRY W. SHIVER Plumbing Phone 259 • Heating Hope, Ark. COMPLETE RADIO SERVICE Bob Elmore Auto Supply Harry Segnar, Sr. PLUMBER REPAIR WORK Phone 382-J Cleaning The Cuff Keep your eye on litlo Beioit College as a future miclvyestern ath- Iqtic standout To revive baskel- ball, Beioit hired Dolph Stanley, who won 45 straight games as coach at Taylorville, 111 High school and who can attract stars from his home state tho way Paul Brown attracts Ohio football players Now Bcloil has gone into Illinois again, signing Jimmy Easterbrook ifrom East St Louis high, to put football inlo high gear Leftists Win Germany's First Free Election Frankfurt, Jan 21 —(UP) —' A final tally on Germany's first free elections since 193,'i revealed today that the left-wing Social Democrat- it- party scored u threc-to-two popular victory yesterday over the Rightist Christian Democrats in the heavily Catholic Rhineland. Early returns put the Christian Democrats well oul in front in the 17 Hessian countries where township couneilmen were being elected in communities with populations of 3,000 or less. The Social Democrats came back strongly in the late balloting, however, and finished up with a popular vote of 146,508 against 99,591 for their principal opponents. The Communists trailed badly in third place with l(i,608 votes, although they held a three-to-ono margin over the extreme right-wing Liberal Democrats .who tallied 5,062 Neither the Communists nor Liberal Democrats entered complete s ,,fu s ln al1 thc electoral districts Ihe linal count showed that 83 per cent-of the electorate voted in the counties where balloting was scheduled. Voters in other townships, outside Berlin, wilh populations up to 20,000 will hold similar elections throughout the American occupation zone next Sunday. Q Hand Tooled Model Cars on Display New York, Jan. 21 — (UP) — Hand-tooled models of the Kaiser and Frazer cars were on display in Ihe Walciorf-Asloria hotel today md a Hollywood movie premier wouldn't have attracted more at- Magazines You can now get the latest issue of your favorite Magazine at GENTRY PRINTING CO. (Commercial Printers) Phone 241 Hope, Ark. LOANS To Farmers and Stockmen, TO FINANCE YOUR CROPS AND CATTLE See E. M. McWilliams SEED STORE Representative for NASHVILLE PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATION anything but mei it. tri-parlict govern- De Gaulle's action carne after 48 hours of conferences with parly leaders, and followed Communist and Socialist demands for an additional cul of 20 per cc»t in the bud- get for the army. The crisis began New Year's Day, but was resolved at tlv.t lime by a compromise culling jfor an immediate reduction of fiye per cent in the army budget, and a subsequent cut of 20 per cent if the government did not effect ;t reorganization of the forces to operate more economically by Feb. 15. The new crisis was said to have arisen when de Gaulle changed his mind on Ihe compromise "because of the tension of the world situation as revealed at the London United Nations conference." enlion. The new cars, products of the lewly-formecl Kaiser-Fra/cr Corp., verc unveiled to the public yesterday when 50,000 persons jammed he showroom. The crowd was so great that a private showing for invited guests, chedulccl for ,'j p. m., was cancelled. The models on display were a jrcen, four-door Kaiser sedan and red, four-door Fi-azer sedan. 3olh cars were displayed on revolving, felt-eovercd cliases. The Kaiser, the first low-priced ear with front-wheel drive, will retail for about $1,100 in New York and the Frazer will sell for approximately $300 more. Maryland is known as the "Old Line Stale" because of the distinguished service of the Maryland line during the Revolution. ARE YOU? Getting the most effective property insurance coverage at the lowest possible cost? Ask Us About It Today HOUSTON INSURANCE AGENCY Howard A. Houston Chas. A. Malone Phone .... 61 SPRAY PAINTING KEMTONING done the SPRAY WAY LUM RATEUFF Phone 180-W 518 W. DIv. Hope, Ark. FLOOR MATS FOR ALL CARS Bob Elmcrc Auto Supply Phone 174 215 8. Main See Us For BABY CHICKS You'll like our qual-'* il.y chicks, hatched right from selected (locks. Haidy, (ast- growers. Low price. FEEDERS SUPPLY CO. 1th and La. Sts Phone 25 SHEET METAL WORK of all kinds See IRA HAL1BURTON, Jr. at the Haliburton Sheet Metal Works CALL US FOR Guaranteed Sewing Machine Re-< pairs. Used Machine Parts Ik Supplies. We buy, sell, exchange and handle only genuine Singer parts. We will make an Electric out of your trcadel for S22.5U. Phone 3G1-R. C. W. YANCEY, Singer Dist. Gl!i West Division Motor Repairs—Light Fixtures Hope Appliance Co. 214 East 3rd St PHONE 613 Appliance Repairs—Appliances THEO LONG For Plumbing Telephone 674-J Hope, Arkansas DR. H.T. SHULL VETERINARIAN In practice in Tuxarkana TEXAS CITY HALL Phone 140 or 1490-J For PHOTOGRAPHS in your home Phone 493 COLLIN BAiUEY if you are in the market to buy or sell Farm land or City Property, call or see Calvin E. Cassidy Phone 489 Hope, Ark. Arkansas Bank Building -® For ELECTRIC SERVICE Day Phone . . . . 4T3 Night Phone. . . 1015-J We specialize in . . , • Motor Rewinding • Repair all makes of Appliances t General Wiring Contractors BARWICK'S Electric Service J14 E. Third St. Hope, Ark DZd you say they're here? k. Yes...the NEW MAYTAG 5! Complete Repairs and Paint Jobs on Washers and Bicycles Prompt & Expert Service Visit Our New Store JONES MAYTAG SALES & SERVICE _Phone 209 304 East and Voice of Opinion ""By James Thrnshet" 'The Chinese Do It Better "i'liil Murray, Mill Green, John L. JjC-wis mid others of our deep-dish labor leaders could probably tiiko n los.soii in strike technique from the transit workers of Shanghai, Uimti. Shanghai's .streetcar nnd OILS opoi-iilnrs iirc on strike, hut they're slaying on the job. They simply continue running their vehicles and refuse to accent fnrcs /rum the passengers. fl Thiit. we think, j s pretty slick. It is particularly slick 'coining Irorn a people whom most Americans eon.sitler hack ward and impractical, except in such matters as pottery and painting and Con tucian philosophy. Maybe there is a touch of Confucius in their strike. At any rate, it seems like a wonderful way to win friends and sympathy and influence people to your cause. The sinkers lose no more money than if they wen; picketing. And '^•Vnce they ride instead of walk, they're more comfortable. The company lo.y.'s more than if its curs and buyes were standing strike-bound in the barns. And the public has a wonderful time. Now would it be if we tried the same tiling in this country? Telegrams < including Ihe singing o'.iesi would be on the house. So would long-distance calls. Pat.'kinghouao workers would toss chops and steak:; like confetti to the cheering crowds. New ears would roll off Ihe General Motors assembly •^'ines and into eager hands of a wailing multitude outside, with the compliments of U. J. Thomas, Walter Hcutlier. and Ihe boys and Kirls of the UAW. It would be just .one long free load and chinaware niuhl. And so on, ad infinitum and probably ad delirium- Ihough II is not our intention 1o be facetious. For our union leaders seem to be departing farther and farther from the policy {if good sense exhibited in the Shanghai strike, and that ^s a serious tiling. The Shanghai strikers have confined their protests to the proper sphere. Their quarrel is with their employers. They are conducting the fight effectively, imaginatively and with a good humor. The public not only escapes any hardships, but. must also lie delighted with the whole thing. Ilo'-e in '.his: country, the growing wave (.if strikes continues to hit the public harde'- than it does management. Millions of people with no if.flirei.-l or inlimalo concern with the various disputes are getting heartily sick of the resulting annoying inconvenience. Labor has nothing discernible to gain from such things as the recent telephone sympathy strike. The public already knows that, labor is strong. It needs no more convincing like the phone lieup, a pointless and unwarranted demonstration of solidarity that was simply Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair, not quite so cold with lowest temperatures 2630, tonight, Wednesday fair and warmer. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO: 84 Star of HODO. IB99 Press, 1927 Consolidated Januarv IB 1929 HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 22, 1946 I API—Means Associated Press (NBA)—Moans Newsnaoor Enterorlso Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY U. S. Plans Seizure of Meat Plants Washington, Jan. 22 —(/I 1 )— The White House officially acknowledged for the first time loday that government seizures in the meal industry are under consideration. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross, however, lold a news conference that .similar action in the steel industry is not ycl being considered. In reply lo questions he told rc- pnrtcrs there might be some development on meat during tho day. He didn't know, he said, but it's possible. "It's impossible lo say at this lime what will be done," Ross said. "The mailer of seizure lias been under coiiKidcralion.' Under further questioning he emphasized thai this did "not refer lo steel." Ross made public a letter -in which President Truman instructed the steel fact-finding board to continue its "study of governmental da in" and "remain available for further consultation." Ross replied in Ihe negative when he was asked if anything, had been heard from Benjamin F. Fairless, president, of U. S. Steel, in reply lo a presidential suggestion that Ihe industry reconsider its rejection of his proposal of an If) 1-2 cents an hour increase. Ross declined to be drawn inlo a discussion of charges by some CIO officials that, as expressed by one leportcr, there is "a big steel conspiracy for union busting." People in Hongkong Must Slip Landlord From $75 to $200, Before They Get Key By HAL BOYLE ,, himsc | f anc i lr , row U s out," they Hongkong, Jan. 22 —Ml— Civil I , d Inns weren't too happy about selcc- """" *•"• lion of Kongkong as Britain's chief naval base in thc Pacific. They like the protection of thc fleet's guns, but they don't like competing wilh naval officers in finding flats and homes. There is still a serious shortage Is living quarters as Ihe result ot wartime bombing and looting. Many Portuguese and Chinese families are compelled lo live in single rooms and no announcement has been made as lo when British officers will be allowed lo bring oul their wives. Hotels arc packed and guests arc crowded four lo a room. Many are forced lo bunk on army cots wilh only one blanket for warmth. Rigid regulations have fro/en rent scales at prewar levels, but landlords have borrowed the "key money" institution from Shanghai. Before new tenants can take possession of an apartment or house they must slip the landlord from $7!i lo $200 or more above Ihe rent in order to get thc key. Authorities find it difficult lo cope with this shady custom and inuignanl tenants who refuse lo pay "key money" usually find they have to look elsewhere for quarters. It is as difficult to find them here as it is in New York or Washington. • Each week new lighls shine from a few more houses on "The Peak," the colony's elite residential district, but many of these battered Preparations for federal seizure of the meal-packing industry were known to be well advanced. There were reports, however, that the administralion might offer a new scl of price increases lo Ihe packers, whose plants have been closed six days by a walkout of 203,000 workers, prior lo seizure action. Despite the dubious general outlook, President Truman sounded a hopeful note. houses have been so thoroughly looted of lixturcs that it will take months to restore them. Building materials of any kind arc extremely scarce. One group of five enterprising young naval officers received permission to move temporarily into the residence of a wealthy Chinese surgeon. They scouted around and borrowed glass panes from the army to replace windows and managed to find enough beds and odti "We are having many troubles pieces of furniture to make the • " • — ' ilace liveable. Bui they did thcii lob too well. "Now thc owner wants to move now," he remarked at the White House yesterday, "as a result of turmoil and dissatisfaction with wru"»s and hours and conditions of work. but I am not a pessimist. I think this country is too great to allow personal disturbances and interior turmoil to prevent us from enjoying what i consider to be the greatest age in the history of the a pain in the neck thai dicln t avail] Soulx . cs closc lo thc mcal indlls . anyone anything ,, ropor i oc i t.| lc ncw price formula the public- likewise knows that _ vlcorou . s i v onnoscd bv thc OPA yiminayemonl is strong and that it can be stubborn. What the public vvunti! is»4o- »rc labor and management reach their inevitable compromise agreements and get production goin^. Solidarity and idr.'ology and the rest of the polysyllabic obstructions arc gel- ting downright tiresome. ... _ . Q Eisenhower -Talks With By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST Washington, Jan. 22 — (/I'l — Gen. Uwighl IX Eisenhower told a group of irate war mothers who confronted him today on Capitol Hill that if all fathers' WITO discharged from the army "tliere will be no army." A si.-ore of women, representing uiiit.s of the Servicemen's Wives v ,;uid (Jnildrrn's Association, met I he chief of Mall outside the office of Chairman May (IJ-K.yi as he arrived to explain demobili/.atioii policy to the House Military Committee. They lold him bluntly they •wanted to talk to him and followed him into May's small office lou.se Office Building in Ihe vigorously opposed by the OPA Hit favored by the Agriculture Department — might involve a government commitment to""purchase sonic 3,000,000,000 pounds of meal it a price increase of 35 cents a lundrcd pounds. In addition, the price of meal to civilian wholesalers would be increased 2!) cents a hundred pounds, these sources said. Previously the government's proposed civilian nice increase was set for 12 1-2 cents a hundred pounds, with wholesalers either to absorb the Hacked into a corner againsl a window, Ihe five-star general tried for a few minutes lo answer assorted questions fired al him sim- . vfllaih'uuslv by almost all J)f the •Ivomen. May finally insisted that one ot them do the talking and Mrs. Dorothy fialr.mb, Wilkinsburg, Pa., was designed spokesman. She said lli;il mothers whose husbands are in service arc: dissatisfied with demobilization procedure and claimed that one out of every three marriages is ending in divorce, wilh service families involved in musl of Iheni. Declaring thai mothers, while trusting llieir husbands, look with iilarin al pictures of fraternization Mif servicemen overseas, she asked Kisi.'iihov.'cr: "How do you think we mothers fed 1 .' Marriage won't stand this isolation." Kisenhnwei, when he gol chance lo gel in a few words, lold thi 1 women tin. 1 re are aboul 700,(H)0 lathers in the army and "very- lliing is bciiiH done to get them out in ;'i> orderly manner as rapid-1 Jy as possible. "If I drop them out today" regardless of their eligibility for re- j^iise. lie said, "there will be no ' arm.v." J'Jist'iiliowcr .said replacements arc bi'ing obtained and trained us rapidly as possible. He promised the dele;ialii>;i lie would personally handle any lormal program they submitted. '. KiKCMihowcr sympathized with ' mothers who want theii> husbands ,' back. lint, he added, single men in 1 Ihe army claim they have a right i to gn home, !',<'' married and get thi'ir families .iiartcd. Mrs. Nancy Mill Icr, Pittsburgh, ^rfho said she' has two children and icli'iilified her husband as Cpl. James G. Midler, an overseas serviceman, proposed lo Kiscnhowcr this live point program: 1. Raise the draft ago to 3ii. 2. He-induct young men prcvi- plus to arm.v needs. 'A. Provide dependence allotments for yomm men of school age and arrange for their education while in service overseas. 4. Continue Ihe draft law beyond raise or receive higher subsidies, so no increase - would result for consumers. There was no informa- ion on whether Ihis arrangement would be altered. The meal industry, it was explained, probably would acccpl Ihe lew formula as Ihe basis for granl- ng wage demands of the striking CIO and AFL unions. The CIO is demanding a 17 1-2 ccnl hourly wage increase and the AJ''L is seeking 20 ccnls, afler withdrawing a conditional offer lo settle for 15 cents. The price formula, il was understood, would include commitments by the government to buy 1,500,000,000 pounds of meat for overseas commitments, and 1,500,000,(100 for army consumption. Although lop-level While House advisers kept tight-lipped silence on the government's next move, it wiis learned that action, when it comes, will be directed first lowaid restoring meal to the dinner (able rather than relief of steel- hungry industry. A .series of strike strategy conferences, held yesterday between Reconversion Director .lohn Snyder, OPA Administrator Chester Bowles, Secretary of Agriculture Anderson, Stabilialion Adminis- tiator John C. Collet, and others, reportedly were lo continue today. Old army men will find it hard v o believe, but people line up here or a chance to buy corned beef. t's quite a delicacy lo stomachs still foreshortened by wartime ra- .ionlng. , This morning a crowd of 500 civilians, mostly Chinese, wanted for lours for a store lo open that was selling six pound cans of corned, beef for six Hongkong dollars — $1.50 in American money. Police lad to be called to keep order. "Most of these people don't want the corned beef to eat." complained one policeman. "The Chinese just, lake it out and sell it on the black, narkct for three times what they', laid for it. And Ihcrc's no way we ban slop them." You live by old rackets in Kong- kong. These people were doing it jy standing in line. Any American southerner who nas a Confederate flag he is willing to part with can make a friend for life by sending it to Admiral Lord Frascr. The doughty Scot commander of Britain's Pacific fleet has decorated his quarters aboard the battleship Duke of York with battle standards and flags of. various nations given him during his travels. One of his mosl prized possessions is the personal flag given him by Admiral Nimitz. He has let American friends know that he would like t» have the stars and bars of the South in his collection But no American navy man over here is presently in a position to oblige Fraser also is wide open for presentation of a banner from the famous Texas state fleet — if the admirals at Houston have decided upon its design Japanese war criminals in Stanley prison relax with an hour of group singing each week The colony joke is that their favorite foreign song is "There'll Always Be An England" — sung deadpan Hope Assured SPG Airport Permit Today Three C. A, A. officials of the regional office in Fort Worth arrived in Hope early Monday and made a tour of inspection of Ihe S. P. G. air port and buildings with Mayor Albert Graves, C. A. Armit- agc, executive assistant to the commanding officer of the S. P. G. and D. H. Abernathy, S. P. G. engineer. The officials, Mr. Willis, Mr. Kimball and Mr. Mctz, met with Mayor Graves. Mr. Armilagc and Lylc-Brown, President of the Hope Chamber of Commerce, Hoy Anderson and Tarroll Cornelius of the Airport committee, Charles O. Thomas. City Engineer, and Syd McMath / the finance committee al Hotel larlow Tuesday morning. They ,ssurcd 'the committee of the tem- orary permit lo the City of Hope or Ihe operation of the S. P. G. airport, which will be granted in ".bout 30 days. f This is the first government owned airport lo be disposed of by ;hc Fort Worth office, governing 'ive slates, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisina. William Berry of the Fort Worth office will arrive in Hope within he next few days lo help wilh Ihc Mans for the temporary operation )f the airport by Ihe Cily of Hope. 34 Hospitals Rejected for Veterans Adm. -Washington, Jan. 22 — (UP) — Gen. Omar N. Bradley has defi- lilely rejected 34 surplus army iospilals for use by the Veterans Administration, it was revealed today. Steel Strike Hits Construction, Public Utilities, Railroads Successor Named, Wed. By JOSEPH W. GRIGG Paris, Jan. 22 — (UP) — The French assembly met for fiye rriinutes today,' sat. in silence-while President Charles de Gaulle's letter of resignation was read, «incl put off until tomorrow the nomination of his successor as chief of government. The assembly's decision to wail until tomorrow to nominate a premier reflected the troubled indecision of French political leaders after a day of jockeying among the nation's three major parlies. Tho Communists withdrew their bid to name their general secretary, Maurice Thorc/., then, despite a round of conference!: and compromise proposals, they, the Socialists and Popular Republicans wore unable to agree on a leader for the coalition government they sought. The crisis precipitated Sunday by flc Gaulle's resignation reached its worst deadlock so far when the Communists, contrary to general expectation, rejected the Socialist nominee, Vincent Auriol, to head tho government. Communist leaders then renewed a demand from which they had been diverted momentarily for the nomination of Felix Gouin, Socialist president of the assembly. Gouin announced he was not interested. With no solution in sight, the assembly held a short session to hear de Gaulle's letter of resignation, addressed to and read by Gouin. Then it adjourned until 3 p. in. tomorrow. In the interim the political purlies will continue the fight to resolve their differences and name a man who can swing the support of the big three parties. Both gold and iron rings were worn in early times by the Persians and the Hindus. War Deportment Tried to Make Scape Goat Out of Him for Disaster, Says Short ••>— — Washington, Jan. 22 — (/I 1 )—Maj. shall, former chief of staff, and 1.1. Greek Rebels Appear to Reject Order By L. S. CHAKALES Athens, Jan. 22 — (/P)—/Government ' spdkesnien l sa l id today" a strong band of insurrectionist mon archists, accused of defying order: to surrender by killing 14 of its 150 hostages in southern Greece, ap pcarcd lo be disppersing. The ministry of public orders said only -about 500 of the origina' force of 3,000 remained in thc barricades of a village 10 miles frorr the Peloponnesus seaport of Kala mai (Kalamata). The revolt erupted Sunday whcr the Royalisls freed 32 suspeclt from the Kalamai jail where they wore being held afler the slaying of four supporters of the left-winf EAM (National Liberation Front. Slamalis Merkouris, minister o public order, said attempts to per suade the rebels to free their hos lages had failed. All Ihe captives belong to the laboring or litllc bourgeois classes and are from a refugee settlement near Kalamai, thc minister said. The rebels were given an ultimatum by government military forces to "surrender or face attack", by late afternoon, but those remaining appeared lo have rejected the order. (The Moscow radio broadcast a Tass report asserting that Kala- mai was "virtually in the hands" of Ihe monarchists and that "monarchist gangs' from thc neighboring country arc streaming towards Kalaniai, where some detachments of national guards are resisting thc rebels." (The Russian report said "shooting is going on also in Sparta, where the monarchists seized part of the town." Thc Greek government denied there were a"y disorders in Spurla, and said complete calm existed there. (The Russian report said also that "slanderous rumors, spread lately by the monarchist press, to (he effect thai Communists were preparing a rebellion and intensification of terror throughout the country prove Hint events in the Peloponnesus arc part of a plan prepared by monarchist-Fascist organizations.") "® By CHARLES WELSH 9. Pittsburgh, Jan. 22 — (#•)— Para-1 lysis gripped America's basic industry today as thc ClO-United Sleelworkers strike kept 750,000 idle for a second day. Thc biggest walkout in U .S. history closed nearly 1,300 steel-, making and fabricating plants, aluminum mills and iron ore mines in 29 stales. Today its effect was spreading to construction, lo railroads and public ulililies. Produclion of steel, thc bone and sinew of industry and reconversion, had dwindled to less than five per cent of capacity, a 53-year low. Two instances o£ violence flared in Ohio but in thc main tho gigan- lic sloppage, begun Sunday mid- nighl, was carried oul in complele good order. Philip Murray, CIO-USW president, said in a radio address that the union's strike in support of wage increase demands was precipitated by "an evil conspiracy among American big business" which has "set out lo destroy labor unions, to provoke strikes and economic chaos and mulct the American people through uncontrolled profits and inflation. 1 ' There was no immediate reply from management. Spokesmen for U. S. steel Republic Steel Corpora- Russia Asks of in Greece, Java By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER London, Jan. 22 —(/Pi— A full- scale lest of the ability of the ^reat powers to cooperate within the United Nations Organization developed today from Soviet requests that the security council investigate and take measures against the maintenance of British troops in Greece and Java. Officials privately agreed that ;his move by delegates representing the Soviet Union and the Ukraine, coupled with earlier charges made by Iran against the Russians, lad ended the honeymoon period of the UNO. American delegates were playing down talk of a crisis in the world peace agency, but it was -.- -• — .-- ---*- ------- ----- — *- — apparent the organization was con- . tlons refused to comment but fronted with some of the toughest , u - s - st eel said it might issue a problems it could be asked to > statement later today. meet. Some Americans said pri- I Harold E. Stassen, former gov- vately that the United Slates ap- •' frnor ° f Minnesota and a Repub- parently was moving into a mid- hcan Presidential possibility, as- dle man position between Russia serted in a speech here "the only and Britain . | prospect of an early settlement of The complaints, filed with the I l , h e strike still rests with the presi- Truman Gels Criticism security council late last night, ac cused Britain of endangering world , dent of the United States. There was no report of negotia- - Eleven service hospitals (two of ;hem not yet built) have been ap- pVovcd for use by VA and ~"' others have been requested. ''The lists were revealed in Bradley's testimony before the House Appropriations Committee. Heretofore VA has declined to say what riospilals have been rejected, ex copl in isolated cases. ' Bradley told the commilee some additional surplus hospitals mighl eventually be added lo .the approved list, provided enough new doctors to staff them become available. He sajd most army hospitals arh either. ,qf. tenrvporaRy..- construe-. OThrbr *J'"e 'tt*6"'i*T ••fr'&ni' pupura- tion centers. The surplus hospilals rejected for use by the Veterans Administration, with Bradley's explanations, include: Pickell. Blackstone, Va., covered by McGuire al Richmond; Stark, Charleston, S. C., unsuitable construction; BalteJ, Rome, Ga., unsuitable construction; Forrest, Tullahoma, Tenn., un- suilable construction; Woodrow Wilson, Staunton, Va., covered by McGuire at Richmond; Northinglon, Tuscaloosa, unsuitable location. Moore, Swannanoa, N. C., unsuitable location; Lawson, Atlanta, unsuitable construction. Surplus hospitals approved for acquisition by VA as of Dec. 3, 1945 include: Nautilius Hotel, Miami Beach, Fla.; Naval Hospital, Dublin Ga.; Foster, Jackson, Miss.; Thaycr, Nashville, Ten.. McGuire, Richmond, Va. Hospilals requested by VA but not yet finally approved include: La Garde, New Orleans; Kennedy, Memphis, Tenn. Bardley included Finncy at Thomasvillc, Ga., on his rejected list, citing unsuitable construction. VA said today this decision had been reconsidered and that Finncy is under study. peace and interfering with the in- tlons between the union and major tcrnal affairs of Greece and Java. ' steel producers. Management of a They came as a complete surprise handful of smaller plants agreed to to British, Greek and Dutch dele- P a y the 18 r - 2 cent s an hour wage gales, as well as others. i increase suggested by President Observers said the twin moves Truman .and accepted by the un- by the Soviet Union and Soviet, lon - These companies, including Ukraine undoubtedly posed the greatest lest yet faced by the United Nations Organization, which already had been handed the explosive Russian-Iranian dispute. They also constitute the first instance of action by one member of he 11-nation security council gainst another member. In weigh- ig Ihe moves, some officials em- hasized that the new peace gency.'s success depended largely upon unity among the major 24,000 View Gen. Waller C. Short asserted today the War Depurlmcnt had treated him unfairly and had attempted lo make him the "scapegoat" of the Pearl Harbor disaster. Attired in a blue civilian suit, thc (iS-ycar-old retired general appeared before u Senate-House inquiry committee to road a 13,000- worcl defense of his decisions and actions as the 1941 commander of army forces in Hawaii. It was his first public testimony since the Japanese struck the mid-Pacific base Dec. 7, 1041. Postmaster General .Hubert E. Hanncgan, Democratic national chairman, conferred briefly with Committee Chairman Barkloy (D- Ky) before Short began his testimony. Barkley lold reporters the conference had "nothing to do with this hearing." In his prepared statement, Short contended that in four years of official silence, his superior officers in Washington had "passed the buck" lo him until the congressional inquiry "forced thc revelation of facts." Short .asserted the War Department had "four years to admit" it shuld have acted before Dec. 7, 1941, on his Nov. 27 report Ihat he had alerted his troops only against sabotage. But Ihe first such "admission of responsibility," he said, came from Gen. George C. Mar- Gen. L. T. Gerow, former Wai- Plans Head, in the current hearings. This was the first lime the (if>year-old general has had an opportunity to tcslify in public. .Records of his previous, testimony before the Roberts Commission and Army inquiry boards already have been released by the committee. In a separate opening statement today, Short said he was "sure thai I would have arrived at thc conclusion that Hawaii would be attacked and would have gone on an all-out alert" if he had received all thc information Washington had on thc situation. Short asserted he was not permitted to hear other witnesses nor to cross-examine them in the Roberts Commission investigation He did not read the evidence taken by the commissioner until August, 19-14, he said . He added that after he appeared before the Army Pearl Harbor Board, where he did not hear or question other witnesses, lie was allowed to read the "top secret" part of its testimony only when Ihe congressional committee began its hearing. In his longer, main statement Short followed closely the line he had taken previously in making these contentions: Continued on Page Two Japs Rescue Girl Orchestra After Crash Yokohama, Jan. 22 —I/I')—Sharon Rogers and her 16-girI orchestra were rescued from the sea by Japanese fishermen today after ;i transport plane crushed off thc southern tip of Kyushu island while they were returning to Japan from Korea. Kvcryone was saved, but an unnamed drummer suffered a fractured leg and the others were bruised. The plane struck thc water about 50 feet from an ammunition barge and sank within 12 minutes. "The coolness of the pilot saved us all from death," said Miss Rogers, whose dance band just concluded a three-month tour of Korea •and Japan. It was returning to Yokohama lo board a ship for thc United States. Thc first money mint probably was established by Gyges in Lydia toward the end of the eighth century, B. C. More than '90,000,000 bushels of soybeans will be produced in the United States this year, the second largest crop in history. in Red Square Moscow, Jan. 22 —(/I 1 )— Twenty- four thousand persons viewed 1 the embalmed body of Nikolai Lenin, founder ot Ihe Soviet stale, in Rcc Square yesterday on the 22nd anniversary of his death, an officia. statement said today. Generalissimo Stalin and ulhei Soviet leaders participated in t mourning meeting at the Krcmlii last night. Published photographs of (lit Kremlin ceremony pictured Stalii for thc first time since his relun from his Black Sea vacation Dee 17 and showed him looking iiler and physically fit. Two Overcome by Carbon Monoxide Gas at Courthouse Harry W. Shiver, local pliimbc and H. K. Reed, custodian of thc Hempstead county courthouse ar resting nicely, according lo th attending physician. They were both overcome by carbon monoxid gas while attempting to repai damage done lo thc healing systen at Ihe courthouse in an explosion u noon yesterday. A local physician was called to allcnd them about 9 o'clock thi morning. Mr. Shiver is al his horn on North Main street and Mr. Reec is al the home of Mr. and Mrs Ray McDowell on West Fifth street Rings among thc ruins of the prc historic American peoples are vcr> rare. -o— Six-sevenths of the iron ore anc limestone used in U. S. steel-mak ing is carried on the Great Lakes. There was no immediate official :omment from the British. One British spokesman said, however, -hat his first reaction was thai Ihe lussians were playing "tit for lal" — introducing complaints against he British to balance thc Iranian irotests against alleged Russian in- erfercnce in northern Iran. The spokesman said cmphatical- y that thc British had nothing to do with thc filing of the Iranian complaint. Some United States sources said hey were not alarmed by the de- velopincnls, although officials had loped to avoid major issues while '.he UNO remained in Jls forma- ivo stage. "Afler all," one American official said, "Ihis is Ihe kind of thing Ihe council was created to cope A'ith." Russia asked for discussion of icr complaints in Ihe security council, which was expected to meet'laic loda.v or tomorrow. There was no immediate indication as to when the subject would be placed on the council's agenda. The council, which eventually ,vill control the world police force, could make recommendations to the British or offer conciliatory suggestions. Britain, however, as a permanent member of the council, could veto any proposed act- lion against her. Russia's action came as right- wing insurgent forces in Greece executed H hostages and defied :\ government ultimatum to sui vender. Left-wing leaders accused Britain of responsibility for the uprising, charging lhal lho monarchists were supplied with British arms. The Soviet Union's letlcr lo the UNO, addressed to Gladwyn Jebb, executive secretary of Ihe assembly, said that Hie "maintenance of British troops in Greece becomes a means of pressure on the internal situation in the country, which is not seldom used by reactionary elements against, lho democratic forces of a country." "This situation,"' Ihe leller con- linucd, "which means internal interference in thc affairs of Greece, with Ihe aid of armed forces of a foreign power, has crealed great tension, which is fraught wilh great consequences for thc Greek people as well as for the maintenance of peace and security." British troops were sent into Greece last year on Hie grounds that occupation of the country was necessary to the war effort Athens Approves Presence Athens. Jan. 212 —(/1 J )— Prciniei Themistoklcs Sophoulis said '.oda.\ "British military forces are iii Greece with the full consent of Ihe Greek government and in earncsi collaboration with it in maintain ins order." This assertion by Ihe head of the government was Ihe firsl officia! Greek reaction lo Russia's re- qucsl lo Ihe Uniled Nations or ganization to give early considera seven in Pennsylvania and a few others as far wast as California, kept their plants in operation. But the total output was pitifully small. The American Iron and Steel Institute estimated production Monday at 80,700 tons, 4.9 per cent of capacity and the lowest level since 1893 when the average weekly wage was 86,352 tons. In Washington, the Civilian Production Administration late yesterday suspended all outstanding priorities for-ithe pucchase^of -stedl and instructed warehouses to ration all deliveries so that no customer will receive more than is needed for immediate use. President Trurnun Clscussed the steel strike with congressional leaders, then met with the steel fact-finding board. There was no announcement of a further presidential move to end the strike. 1,622,000 Idle in Nation's Labor Strikes lion lo thc situation in Thc Russians maintained that the presence ot British Iroops in Greece represented interference in Greece's internal affairs. Sophoulis spoke in reply lo an Associated Press request for a slalemenl outlining his position in the mailer. -o The human body is so conslilutcd that it functions best at temperatures of GO to 70 degrees for those who wear civilized, clothing, and at somewhat higher temperatures for unclothed people. By The Associated Press Nation's idle because ot la- bpr disputes, total 1,622000, highest since shortly after World War I. Major developments: Meat — Federal seizure of strike-bound packing plants hinted as government *act- finding board opens hearings in Chicago in wage dispute involving 263,000 AFL and CIO workers, away from jobs on seventh day; government also reported planning new prices increases in sales of meat to civilian wholesalers and on government purchases to avoid federal possession of plants. Steel — Production of steel dips to 53-year low as 750,000 CIO steel workers leave jobs, forcing shutdown of nearly 1,300 plants in 29 states; effect of country's biggest walkout being felt in related industries; no indications of immediate wage negotiations between union and major steel producers. Automotive — General Motors, with 175,000 CIO workers on strike two months, takes no action on CIO united auto workers compromise proposal of ID 1-2 cents an hour wage increase; union says demands revert to 30 per cent, 10 1-2 per cent above figure recommended by fact-finding board. Transportation — Mayor William O'Dwyer of New York City agrees 1o demand by CIO union thai three subway powerhouses not be sold without a public referendum, lifting threat of a city wide transit strike involving 32,000 workers on virtually all of city's transportation facilities. Electrical appliances — CIO united electrical workers and representatives of Westinghouse and General Electric meet with Labor Department officials in attempt to settle week-old strike of 200,000 at plants and also at General Motors. Expects Cold Wave in State to Last Several Days Little Rock, Jan. 22 — By JACK BELL Washington, Jan. 22 — (/P)— Congress seemed inclined today to support some extension of price controls and to keep taxes at a high level. But the remainder of President Trurrari's domestic legislative program provoked as much criticism as praise. . Republicans sparked the criticism, with Senator Bridges (R- NH) observing to reporters that the president's 30,000-word recounting of administration aims ought to be labelled,-"a message on the sorry slate of the union." On the-other hand Senator Mead (D-NY) commented that the president's economic proposals are "sound and necessary." Not all comment, however, followed party lines. Among 25 requests in his state of the union message yesterday, Mr. Truman asked for a full year's extension of price controls. The reaction was mixed on this score, but most legislators who were asked about it said they thought some curbs must be retained :o prevent runaway inflation. Senator Ball (K-Mir.n) suggested that a "sane" program be adopted under which price increases of possibly 5 per cent would be allowed to make up for some of the wage raises that have been ' granted. "We'd better do that rather than sit on the lid so tight that we have a blowup," Ball asserted. Congressional fiscal experts appeared pretty well agreed that Mr. Truman's opposition, would prevent any substantial tax cuts this year. Chairman George (D-Ga.) of the Senate finance committee said he figures that even if reconversion' and production go she ; .:rt without too much interruption frujvi-strikeS, revenues .'still -may fall $5,0;00>000,- , 000' Sh'off'of -m'ee>ting 1 - > a*$3S;pOOjOT0 1 i' •" 000 outlay. -«--:^Mr. Truman put tne deficit gap at $4,347,000,000 in his $35,80,000,000 budget, a figure that Senator LaFollette told a reporter, "there dees not seem much chance for a substantial reduction in corporation or individual income taxes." Tnere were many lawmakers • who thought Mr. Truman's recqm-' mandation for the establishment of act-finding boards fall short of a olution for current labor disputes. Senator Maybank (D-SC) said he elieves the time has arrived for Congress to pass more drastic abor legislation. Senator Morse (R-Ore) generally ndorsed the goals set f<-:th by Mr. Truman, but he said "his fact-find- ng proposal will iiot solve abor disputes." Morse proposed nstead voluntary settlements, addng: "I think both industry and abor should practice their prat- ngs about freedom of economic ac- ion by agreeing to settle all ma- or disputes by voluntary arbitra- ion." To Senator O'Mahoney (D-Wyo) he situation suggested that Congress to get busy drafting an over all economic policy. He said a postwar planning sub- 'ommittee he heads will begin learings about February 1 at which, conomists in and out of the government will be invited to "recom- nend legislation that will reestab- ish a free economy." o Steelworkers Big, Little Have Busy Day By JAMES IVARLOW Pittsburgh, u \.n. 22 — (£>)— The jig men and the little nun among the striking CIO sieeuvoileers had a busy day, the first day of their strike. Take the big ones first, in their leadquarters on the 15th floor of a Pittsburgh office building. CIO President Phillip Murray lad a broadcast to make last night at the end of the first day of strike. He and his top lieutenants sat down and cooked up the speech. Then it was written out. He read it to his lieutenants. They timed him with a stop-watch Lo be sure he would not exceed his ~ radio time. He suggested changes. While the speech was being reworded with ideas of h.j staff put in or taken out, Mum.. called a press conference. He wanted to s.iy \\'\- strike would lasi until liic stceirnaslers gave the steel-.vorkers the. raise they wanted. Hours before the time for his speech, Murray read it to his staff again. Again they stop-watched him. Off in a corner of the tidy offices, jusl as if there 1 ' were no strike, a clerk with nice handwrit- cold wave which sent temperature, to a nine degree minimum at Gil bcrl louched Arkansas today anc was expected to continue for sev eral more days. The mercury dropped well below the predic lions of the U. S. weather bureau Among the lows were 16 degree at Harrison, 17 at Batesville anc 23 at Little Rock. ing was filling out the charters for new local unions which were joining the CIO. Murray's staffmen say an average of one new local joins every day, Meanwhile, phones kept ringing all over the offK - <.•:;. Neatly-dressed as uny business? men, the top officials of the CIO answered the ringing patiently, lis ContinuecJ o» Page II

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