Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 21, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, January 21, 1946
Page 1
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H>Mid»-*ii-Tj<i •r • **.«. "S^****^^ Page Four HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Saturday, January 19, 1_946_ Spanish Women Are Enjoying More Freedom Today, Says DeWitt Mackenzie in Madrid By DeWITT MacKENZIE . AP World Traveler Madrid, Jan. 19 — There is an old Spanish proverb that says a woman should be kept in the house with the door locked and one leg broken. That's the way the boys here thought about it only so far back as when I first came to Europe during World War One. But you ought to see the so-called "weaker sex" now! The girls have been cut loose 'from their duenna's apron strings and are competing with the men fairly well all along the line. Before going further I should explain that this really is Mrs. Mack's story. 1 had noted that the 'dark-eyed senoritas are easy to look at, for that's one of the things interested in feminine activities a professional observer would note. I hadn't thought much more about it — well, not «er ymuch and has rendered this report. This is indeed a different world more — but my distaff partner got .from what the mothers of the present generation knew. Stern custom :kept the women and girls largely fa their own homes. It an unmarried girl went out doors she was accompanied by her mother or her "duenna (chaperone), an elderly but r spry creature who was acquainted .with the wild ways of wolves. . Marriages often were arranged by the parents of the couple as a matter of "convenience." If it was •-a love match, the courtship was conducted by remote control. The "young man, having fallen in love with a beauty he saw walking ' 'the park with her duenna, would follow at a respectful distance until she noticed him. This might hap•pen a number of times until final. ly the suitor would venture to write - a note declaring his passion and 'might be 'rewarded by having his , beloved speak to him from the bal•' cony of her home. This long distance love making might run along for two or three years after which the young man would ask the girl's parents for her hand in marriage. If his social and financial standing was all right, he might get his girl. But having won his woman, the young man proceeded to lock her up in her new .home, safe from the outside world. So the cycle of courtship and marriage went on from generation to generation, with considerably more formality -, among the aristocracy. J Not so today. The "young h'ope- 'ful takes his girl out to dinner and the theater or a dance, even as , "you and I. And they don't need a chaperone any more. To be sure. - the more.conservative families still ,• stick to some of the old forms. For instance the current newspapers .carry notices announcing that the -parents of such and such young ^men have asked the parents of • -such and such young women for ,' -their hands in marriage. This no- •tice-is known as a "petition for nand" and is a formality which Hope Star Star of Hope 1899; Press 1927, Consolidated January 18, 1929 Published every weekday afternoon by Star Publishing Co., Inc. (C. E. Palmer and Alex. H. Washburn) ot the Star building 212-214 South Walnut Street, Hope, Ark. C. E. PALMER President ALEX. H. WASHBURN Editor and Publisher Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Hope, Arkansas, under the Act of March 3, 1897. (AP)—Means Associated Press. (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Association. Subscription Rates: (Always Payable in Advance): By city carrier per week 15c Hempstead, Nevada, Howard, Miller and Lafayette counties, $3.50 per year; elsewhere S6.50. Member of The Associated Press: The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. Loe's Tourist Cafe-Court '• — Featuring .'• Steaks • Fried Chicken • Barbecue »Fish • Sandwiches "Soft Drinks Open 6 a. m. to 12 Midnight Private Dining Room—Phone 222 Owned and operated by Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Loe Limits^& Highway 67 West Hope Builders Supply Co. For Paint Lumber Glass Lime Cement Plywood Roofing Nails Wall Paper Insulation Board Plumbing Supplies Fencing Windows Builders' Hardware CLASSIFIED Ads Must Be In Office Day Before Publication • All Want Ads Cash In Advance • Not Taken Over the Phone One time . Three times . 2c word, minimum 30c 3l/ 2 c word, minimum 50c Six times , One month . 5c word, minimum 73e ISc word, minimum $2,70 Rates are for Continuous Insertions Only "THE MORE YOU TELL, THE QUICKER YOU SELL" Real Estate for Sale SUBURBAN HOME, ALL MOD- ern convenienc'es, fruit trees,. large barn, chickenhousc. smokehouse and well house. 15 acres. Attractively priced. Owner leaving town. Phone 2G-J-3. 17-Bt GOOD UNIMPROVED FARMING land. $6.00 per acre, 160 acre tract 24 acres cultivatable, balance in small timber and pasture. C. B: Tyler. 17-31 DWELLING, CORNER SOUTH Hervey and Second Street. Sec Calvin E. Cassidy. 18-31 SIX ROOM HOUSE, 212 WEST 13th Street. See Calvin E. Cassidy. 18-31 SIX ROOM HOUSE. 21G WEST 13th Street. See Calvin E. Cassidy. "18-31 National Advertising Representative — Arkansas Dallies, Inc.; Memphis Tcnn., iterick Building; Chicago, 400 North Michigan Avenue; New York City, 292 Madison Ave.; Detroit, Mich., 2842 W. Grand Blvd.; Oklahoma City, 314 Terminal Bldg.; New Orleans, 722 Union St. probably means that the young people themselves have decided to get married. Along with this has come the entrance of women into business and public life. They tell you here that his change has been r"ue in great measure to acquaintance with the freedom of American women. That's not the only way in which the new world has influenced Spain, for Madrid follows many of our styles in women's clothing, especially those emphasized by Hollywood films. The Spanish senoritas' makeup also is Hollywood. o Tony Penna Takes Lead in Golf Open By HAL WOOD Richmond, Cal., Jan. 19 — (UP) —Thirty-nine-year-old Tony Penna, tint-sized veteran from Dayton, O., ed the field into the third round )f the $10,000 Richmond open golf ournament today. Penna, fired a 65 over the par 1 course yesterday to add to his ipening-day 69 for a 134 total. That jave him three-stroke advantage aver the field. In second place was an ama- eur. Charles Stohland, Ponca City, Okla., who had 69-68—137. The old-timers were doing all •ight after two rounds. In third Jlace was bushy-browed Jimmy -lines, 41, of Chicago,5 with a 6969—138. The name E. J. (Dutch) Harrison. Little Rock, Ark., who admits to being at least 35. Harrison had a 71-68—139. A mere youngster of 30, Ed (orky) Oliver, Taunton, Mass., was next in line with -a 140 — a two-day card of 72-68. As play started in the second lalf of the tournament today the 60 top professionals and 13 best amateurs remained out of an original field of 125. The finals will be held on Sunday. Many of the big names were finding the flat 6,_209-yard Richmond County Club course another of those "toughies." Although it is a par-71 layout, such national known stars as defending champion Sammy Snead, Hot Springs, Va., Ben Hogan, Hershey, Pa., Johnny Revolta, Chicago, and many others couldn't come even close to par. LAVAL AIDES FREED Barcelona, Spain,.Jan. 18 — (ff>) — The official news agency Cifra said loday two ministers of the wartime French Vichy government and two other men who fled from France with the late Pierre Laval had been released from Spanish government custody. They were Minister of Justice Maurice Gabolde, Minister of Education Abel Bonnard, his brother, Eugene Bonnard, and Paul Neraut, z wine merchant. New Delhi, Jan. 18 — (/Pi — A two-man Senate sub-committee which has been investigating disposal of army surpluses in the India-Burma theater departed by plane today for Cairo. Committee members are Senators Knowland (R-Calif )and Tunnell (D-Del). 45 ACRES. TWO HOUSES. BARN, good orchard, well watered, gas, water and lights. Near end of South Main Street. E. Cassidy. Sec Calvin 18-3t 80 ACRES LAND, TWO HOUSES. barn and outhouses in Rosston. Ark. Bargain. Cassidy. See Calvin E. 8-3t Female Help Wanted WHITE GIRL OR .WOMAN FOR housekeeping and cooking. Experience preferred. Excellent salary, plus board and room with O. Box 2454. 18-Gt private bath P. Dallas 1, Texas. For Sale 3000 BALES GRASS HAY. 50c per bale. Deelivered in 100 bale lots. W. H. Burke,' Hope, Rt. 3. 9- 1m ONE ALLIS CHALMERS MODEL K Caterpillar. Floyd Porterfield. 12-tf 1936 FpRD CONVERTIBLE. GOOD condition, four new tires. J. R. Lambert, Route 1, Emmet. 15-6t DIAMOND RING. \-, CARAT. FINE stone, beautiful setting. At sacrifice. 212 McRae street. 15-61 TWO BED ROOM SUITES, ICE box, Gas cook stove. 414 West Division street. Phone 959-M. 17-31 1940 CHEVROLET. SPECIAL DE- luxe sedan, four good tires, extra good condition. See Jo Johnson, Jr., Columbus. Call Columbus operator. 1S-61 ONE NEW PORTABLE SPRAY Paint Gun, Zenith radio, Jones Maytag Sales and Service. Phone 209. 304 East 2nd St. 18-61 1934 FORD, CHEAP. SEE J. F. Reed, 404 South Greening street. 19-3t Wanted SMALL FARM, MUST HAVE house, have own equipment. V. C. Cook, Hope, Route 4. IG-Bt Coach Thinks KokWillBe Greatest By CARL BELL Fayctteville, Jan. 22 — (fP) — eorge Kok, the University of Arkansas' beanpole center, may be considered the grcatesl basketball player in Southwest Conference listpry by the time his eliaibility expires, in the opinion of his coach."Dr. Eugene Lambert. The six-foot, 10 1-4-inch Razorback aco may even become lalion's best cage giant of the .. _ all :ime, ventures Lambert, who contends that Kok, who has two more years of eligibility after the current season, is "at least as good" as DePaul's George Mikan and Ok- ahoma A. and M.'s Bob Kurland ,vcre as sophomores. Big George's record and his marked improvement since his marked season support Lambert's contentions. In 26 games last season, Kok tallied 439 points for an average of 10.89 a game. Playing in ten of Arkansas' first 11 games this season, he has poured 203 points through the basket for an average of 20.3. While considerably behind the national scoring leaders in tolal points, he had — afler those ten games — a far better average than any of them could boast. Contributing to Kok's improvement in his sophomore year has been his recently acquired ability to use his left hand almosl as dex- lerously as his right. His specialty, oddly enough, is not in reaching above the basket to drop in crip shots — which he can do with little effort. It is a right-handed hook shot from several yards out and to the side. He also is belter than average on set shots. He's better on offense but no slouch on defense. The gargantuan Porker's principal handicaps are his lack of weight and his good nature. He weighs only 185 pounds, despite his "great height, and isn't inclined to rough it. Consequently, he frequently gets pushed around under Ihe basket, and herein probably lies the most room for improvement in his play. Kok violates Razorback tradition in that he's not a home-grown giant. He came lo Arkansas from Grand Rapids, Mich., and was stars pre- the tallest "discovered" by two. viously classified as Notice CATTLEMEN GET RID OF THE Catlle Grub in your cows back. Monts Seed Store. 10-2w SEE IDEAL FURNITURE STORE for better furniture and betler bargains. Phone 476. 14-lm Found BLACK AND WHITE SETTER bird dog about G years old. Knot on left side. Owner please contact S. S. Wafer, Route 4. Hope on highway 67 west at Wafer's Crossing. 18-31 Services Offered REGISTERED SPENCER COR- setiere, individually designed corsets, brassieres, men and women's surgical supports. Mrs. Ruth Dozier, 318 North Elm St. Hope, Ark. Phone 144-J. 28-lm PAPER W. N. 17-61 FOR PAINTING AND Hanging. Phone 5G7-R. Wilson. Razor-backs on record. Former Arkansans John Frei- perger and Gordon Carpenter of the Phillips Oilers, each 6-8, opposed Kok in an amateur game at Grand Rapis. They tipped o_ff Lam- berl and reminded Kok of Arkansas' fine hardwood record. Coach and player soon got together, and George cast his lot with the Ozark mountain boys. Lambert considers Kok, a sophomore in the College of Business Administration, as one of the easiest players to coach that he's ever had tinder his wing. George gets along with his teammates especially well and wears the nickname usually assigned to Razorback skyscrapers — "Shorty." The Razorbacks' one-man learn was- named to Ihe All-Conference quintet his freshman year, and, unless he breaks a leg, probably will attain that honor for four consecutive years. No eager ever has been so honored in the Southwest. Truman's Continued from Page One does not work, he will issue emergency ratings for vital industries and services. These include hospitals, public utilities, transportation Wanted to Buy WE BUY HOUSEHOLD FURNI- ture, one piece or more. Any amount. What have you? Phone 873. 20-1m For ELECTRIC WIRING AND REPAIR Phone 23l-R Houston Electric Company WE PAY BEST PRICES used furniture. Hale and Bear- FOR den, 901 West 3rd. St. Phone 1093. 14-61 GOOD USED 2 3/4 INCH~FARM wagon. Low wood wheels with wide tires. Ross R. Gillespie. 15-Gt and food processing. He emphasized that warehouse time." Congressional breakdown in I WANT TO BUY A 1040-41 OR'42 model Ford or Chevrolet. Buck Williams, 106 Soulh Wainul Street Phone 660. Wanted to Rent 17-tf FIVE OR SIX ROOM UNFURN- ished house to rent. Mrs. Clause McConnell, phone 088-J. 1G-GI Lost Wanted! TELEPHONE POLES All Dimensions 16 to 70 Feet Cash Every Week RUFUS MARTIN PATMQS, ARK. sleel slocks would meel the country's _ demands for "a very short reaction to the steel negotialions was mixed. Congressmen favoring the president's fact-finding proposal believed it would help their cause. Those opposed thought it would have the opposite effecl. There was no evidence, however, that the stalemate had changed anyone's mind. One congressman did say it pointed up the need for government lo bow out of Ihe strike picture and return wage ne- ective bargaining. Murray and President Benjamin I'. 1'airless of U. S. Steel were called to the White House for three days of conferences before Truman sought to end their „.„ agreement by offering his own formula. After the White House announced the company and union decisions, Mr. Truman issued a statement again urging the coin- puny to accept. Corporation representatives here did not know whether there would be a formnl This Curious World By William Ferguson <39 PER CENT OF THE STATES CORN ACREAGE NOW IS PLANTED TO SHORT-STALKED HYBRIDS. WHEN A COW &KOVJS TOO C7UD TO-BE. USEFUL, SHE IS PLACED IN A % yycw\,e /=o&. <pt-c- crouds-." " x T. M. REO. U. S. PAT. OFF, | . A TAXONOAMST IS ONE WHO I CLASS/F/ZS ft ANTS \ MOUNTS Hope Loses to Camden 39-25 Friday Night The Ciimdcn Panthers inainlain- ccl their unbeaten record in the conference by defeating (lie Hope Bob- cuts, 39 to 25, here Friday night. The visitors led all the wu'y. Kul- bolh vvns high with 15 points for Camden. Camden Mulligan, 8 F Kulbeth, 15 F Johnson, 9 C G G .Jameson Linebarier, 1 Hope Garrott, 2 Chosshh-e, 10 Walters, 5 Morton Mullins ANSWER: One who classifies plants and animals. NEXT: Did the Indians know the secret of maple syrnp? CARNXVAL By Dick Turner Mr. dis- officials indicated - - would be a forma Government I .'-.til no further move was planned I>(-'1(,re the strike. One governmen source said there was "no proba- seizure ne of- COPB. 1046 DY NEA SERVICE. INC. T. M. REO. U. S. PAT. OFF. Subs: Camden, Venable 4. Hope, McCullough, Wells 4, Brannon 4. We, the Women By RUTH MILLETT ' NEA Staff Writer "And what arc you going to do now that you are put of the Army?" family and friends start asking the veteran even before his terminal leave expires. it is about the number two question on most civilian lists, following right behind, "Well, how docs il feel lo be home?" The inquiry is prompted by genuine interest in most cases. But still it is a poor question. For if there is one thing most veterans need il is a little lime in which to decide just what their place in civilian life is lo be. And they ought not to be made to feel apologelic for taking thai time. Yet most of them do begin to feel on the defensive after they have- said for Ihe fifielh time: "Well. 1 haven't made up mj mind yet." GIVE THEM A CHANCE They begin lo fear that theii families and friends will ,pu them down as being one o flhosc veterans who is having n difficul time making an adjustment, 01 maybe even that they have los all interest In work or the ability to mnkc decisions. So why ask the question? Why not just wail to be told whnt the veteran's plan are after ho has had lime lo decide and wheu he is good and ready to loll his plans? -^ After all, n man':; half-formed^ plans for his future art' a prelly personal matter. FAST THINKING Austin, Tex., Jan. Ill —(/I 1 )—The Rev. Walter Kerr was slopped by a traffic policeman and identified himself as a pastor of the Central Mclhodist church. "I'm a Methodist myself," said the policeman, but he added lie was not a member of an Austin church. Then the minister gave the offi- er a "ticket" — an aplicalion for , ansfer of his membership to tcrr's church. The policeman igned on the dotted Hue. And "lore up the traffic ticket he ad been filling out. Gasoline stocks in the United states today stand al more than \650,000,000 gallons, an increase of 150,000,000 gallons over a year ago. Mrs. Alpha C. Bowcn, Osceola. Thamce, William J., Jr., S-Sgt. son of Mrs. Essie M. Thames, 722 S. 20lh St.. Fort Smith. Army Dead-European Regions Bell, Lcvcrt W., Jr., Pfc., son o Levert W. Bell, Sr., Monticcllo. BUTANE SYSTEMS Plumbing Fixtures Plumbing Repairs HARRY W. SHIVER Plumbing • Heating Phone 259 Hope, Ark. COMPLETE RADIO SERVICE Bob Elmoro A-jtc Supply "They was hollerm' 'highway robber!'—and when I niakes the pinch it kirns out 16 be only Ihis real cslale salesman 1" Harry Segnar, Sr. PLUMBER REPAIR WORK Phone 382-J SPORTS •By Hank S. Fnllerton. New York, Jan. 19 — (A')— Who's t i lc W orlcl will produce sugar and .aughing at who? . . . Chicago bas- produce il in large quantilies suf- •celball followers have been snick- - - . ., * 1.. ering at Ned Irish's "wrong guess" on the little Indiana State basket sail team lioosiers for Ned booked the a garden game, but BLACK MULE. WEIGHT ABOUT 1100 pounds, Notify Martin Tirn- mons, Hope, Route 4. 17-31 BOND YELLOW GOLD WRIST watch Reward for rtlurri lo Mrs. Dale Rogers. Phone- 2:iB-J. 18-31 More than 47 000 \vfii nc" nn: employed in banks of the United ! fic-ial, however, saw no possibility States. ml preventing a prolonged shui- jdcr.vn except through seizure or pressure of "public opinion" which I would persuade the industry to ac- when Oregon returned lo the lists he sidetracked them in favor of the Webfools .... Enroule east, Oret ,n played in the DePaul tournament in Chicago and was slapped down by none other than Indiana State . . . The "twisl" is lhat Ihe Chicago stadium was only about half full for thai tussle while Oregon came on here to draw one of those 18,000 plus crowds . . . The "lowdown" on Dud Degroot's resignation as Washington Redskins' coach seems to be summed up in one of Boss George Preston Marshall's remarks: "They accuse me of trying to coach the team but 1 just tell 'em 1 must be a good coach because we keep on winning." Today's Guest Star Bill Shirley, Little Rock Arkansas Democrat: "Around Litllc Rock Ihe strike situation is nothing new . . . Lasl summer Willis Hudlin's Travelers went oul on slrikc so often lhat 'Hud' contemplated closing shop." Snortsmention ueorge" Stirnweiss, the baseball Yankees' best football player, is looking around Philadelphia for gridiron prospects for his old alma mammy, North Carolina U .. . . LI. Jack Kramer, due for a coast guard discharge soon, plans to play in as many tennis tournaments as possible to prepare for a shot at the Davis Cup team . . . Although London newspapers y soon" of government .„ ''I the steel industry. That sai usually ignore the World Series, they gave banner lines to the sale for "pounds news finally reached there. The Evening Star identified Cooper as "a catcher equivalent lo a wickclkeeper cricket." of Walker Cooper 44.000" when the NEW ELECTRIC MOTORS 14 . i/ 2 - s/ 4 _ & i H. P. Also a StocK of Used Motors — LIGHT FIXTURES — — APPLIANCE REPAIRS — — MOTOR REWINDING — General Wiring Contractors Doug f^ I "TV" Carl Bacon \B*| I I Jones ELECTRIC CO. Phone 784 Hope cc-pt Mr. Truman's proposed. I • o .—Thoughts i And I will say lo rny soul. Suul lliou has much goods laid up for linany years; lake thine ease, eal, ; drink, and be merry. But God : :,aid unto him, Thou fool, this night thy .-.oul shall be required of t ,vu.^-u ^.uimi;,.^ jiiee: then whose shall those things the manufacture of be which ihou hast provided'.'— ing the second anc j J-.UKC \i\ ly-iu. i —— i — . . : Surplus wealth i.s a sacred trust .which Us possessor is bound to ad- May Be More Sugar for Soft Drinks in for icienl for current and future needs s a foregone conclusiotn." Addressing the annual conven- ion of ihe Arkansas 'Boltlnvs of Carbonated Beverages, Levy dc- Bet'ore another year you will •ice the end of rationing but. not iricc control, x x x •There was and still is n world shortage of sugar, and the only vay Ihe price can be controlled is jy the world governments agree- lig to purchase the world supply ind divide the sugar on a fair B. T. Fooks of the Greapettc Co., Camden, addressed the group on the increased "optional spending" power of the American people. Dther speakers included Thomas F. Mansfield, Newark, N. V., vice president of ihe American Bottlers jf Carbonated Beverages, and C. Hamilton Moses, president cf the Arkansas Power and Light Co War Department Casualties Are Announced for Jan. The War UeparimoBt announces [or the United Slates as a whole casualties for January 15, 1!)'1G, classified as follows: 332 killed, 10 wounded, no missing, and no Prisoners of War. Also announced for the whole United States is a lolal of 2 Army personnel freed from Japanese prison camps. All listings in these casually releases are based on prior notification lo next of kin. In case of divergence between this list and information sent to nexl of kin, Ihe Magazines You can now get the latest issue of your favorite Magazine at GENTRY. PRINTING CO. (Commercial Printers) Phone 241 Hope, Ark. LOANS To Farmers and Stockmen. TO FINANCE YOUR CROPS AND CATTLE See E. M. McWilliams SEED STORE Representative for NASHVILLE PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATION ARE YOU? Getting the most effective property insurance coverage at the lowest possible cost? Ask Us About U Today HOUSTON INSURANCE AGENCY Howard A. Houston Chas. A. Ma lone Phone .... 61 last War letter to Deparmet the next Ihe appropriate telegram or of kin. the authority. Army Dead-Pacific Regions Bowen, Charles C., T-Ssl., son of Hots Cleaned and Rebuilt the factory way. HALL'S HAT SHOP East 2nd St. Phone 76 Alterations Pressed While You Walt . minister in his lifetime i iioud of the community. —Andrew Carnegie. fer the Little Rock. Jan. la —lYi'i— creased ullolmenls of sugar soft, drinks dur-1 ing the second and third quarters j of 1U4U and an end lo rationing within a year were predicted to-1 day by Charles A. Levy, general manager of the Supreme Sugar Refinery, New Orleans. "The future of sugar, as I set- it, is very bright," he suid. "Thai SPRAY PAINTING KEMTONING done the I SPRAY WAY LUM RATELIFF Phone 180-W 518 W. Div. Hope, Ark. For ELECTRIC SERVICE Day Phone .... 413 Night Phone. . . 1015-J We specialize in ... • Motor Rewinding • Repair all makes of Appliances • General Wiring : Contractors BARWICK'S Electric Service 114 E. Third St. Hope, Ark FLOOR MATS FOR ALL CARS Bob Elmoro Auto Supply Phone 174 215 S. Main See Us For BABY CHICKS You'll like our quality chicks, hatched right from selected (locks. Hardy, (asi- growers. Low price. FEEDERS SUPPLY CO. 4th and La. Sts Phone 25 !'5«SI SHEET METAL WORK of all kinds See IRA HALIBURTON, Jr. at the Halitaurton Sheet Metal Works CALL US FOR Guaranteed Sewing Machine Repairs. Used Machine- Parts & Supplies. We buy, sell, exchange and handle only genuine Singer parls. We will make an Electric out of your Ireadel for $2li.50. Phone 301-R. C. W. YANCEY, Sinner Dist. Glo Wesl Division it l< ;MptOf''~ji«paIrs—Light Fixtures Hooe Appliance Co. ;,-.,-,. . , .. "Kftk. THEO LONG For Plumbing Telephone 674-J Hope, Arkonsoi DR. H.T. SHULL VETERINARIAN In practice in Texarkana TEXAS CITY HALL Phone 140 or 149Q-J For PHOTOGRAPHS in your home Phone 493 COLUN BAILEY • Real Estate if you are in the market to buy or sell Farm land or City Property, call or see Calvin E. Cassidy Phone 489 Hope, Ark. Arkansas Bank Building ? 5 ! Did you say they're hsre? Yes...the NEW MAYTAGS Complete Repairs and Paint Jobs on Washers anil Bicycles. Prompt & Expert Service Visit Our New Store JONES MAYTAG SALES & SERVICE Phone 209 304 East 2nd -® Voice of Opinion 'By Jnincs Thrasher LESS BRASS IN THE VA Gen. Omar Bradley, now Administrator of Veterans' Affairs, is an old Army man, and a good one. He Knows, as even the proletarian- minded Russian discovered, thai there is no substitute for rank and discipline.- in a fighting army. When victory or defeat, life or jtlealh, can depend on Ihc carrying •«» oul ol orders, obedience imfst be prompt and unquestioning Superior rank must be respected. Punishment lor insubordination must be sharp. II all adds up to a most undemocratic arrangement, bul there seems to be no other way of conducting a war successfully. ouch nn arrangement, however, has no place in a democratic country outside of military life. Yet the habits of command and obedience are nol always easy lo break •Some officers come to feel that . deference- is due them as persons, even after, they return to civilian hie. It becomes almost instinctive to give orders, to make decisions lor others, to expect thai they will be accepted without argument, lo be impatient of any contrary proposals, General Bradley has undoubtedly seen a good bit of this in his time. lie has probably seen it particularly in his present .surroundings. Mos'l likely he has heard Ihc complaint of many veterans that there is too much "brass" in the Vclerans' Adl -jt'minislralion—-particularly in Washington. So the General has issued a sim pie bul wiso order. From now on, employe;; of the VA who formerly were officers will drop the military titles which they have clung to evcii though they are no longer in Ihe service, and are dealing with essentially civilian problems through un essentially civilian agency. Colonel Jones henceforth is Mr. Jones. He is mister on his name plate, on his office door, and on his .letters. lie is mister lo the foi mcr s -*Gls with whom he deals. It is a small enough change, but il ought to make a considerable difference. For the former officer, the plain title of mister is a reminder that the war is over. And for the former buck private silling across the desk from him, there is no longer the barrier of a title lo frighten him and freeze him and call to mind a lot of old differences and dislikes. Tho former private doesn't even need to know who his counselor is or what he has been unless the VA til official chooses to tell him. This not only promises a long- needed improvement in the conduct of the Veterans' Administration, but also gives notice that thcnew adminislralor is a man who can operate with the same quiet effectiveness in peace that he showed in war. By a seemingly insignificant directive, he has found a short cut to the solution of many veterans' problems. Ol course. General Bradley, being an active member of the regu- ^ lar Army will not become Mr. Brad '"'•' ley. But his conversion to a civilian way of thinking seems complete. • •• - • • - * - ' -•*'—•' • ••"• - Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Cloudy and slightly colder this afternoon and tonight, lowest temperatures 22-26 extreme north and 26-32 central portion tonight Tuesday cloudy continued cold, occasional rain in south portion 47TH YEAR: VOL, 47—NO. 83 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY. JANUARY 21, 1946 'API—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Sieel Strike Today Closes I,3OO Plants Snyder Urged Price Control Be Extended By STERLING F GREEN Washington, Jan. 21 —(/I 1 )— Re- conversion Director John W. Snyder declared today the threat of inflation must bo met by price con-, .. , T .. , „.- , s and rising production to head continued settlement efforts by nn "economic-Pearl Harbor. 11 conferring with his steel act-fmd- PHtsburgh, JaJn. 21 — (/[')— The vast steel industry — backbone of the nation's economy with approximately 7!)f),0r)() workers — was virtually shut down today by a strike of CIO United Stcclworkcrs demanding a pay raise. Only a few scattered steel plants across the nation remained operating. These generally were plants which had contracts with other unions or which had granted wage increases of some 18 1-2 or 20 cents an hour to the CIO union. At the union's headquarters here, its president, Philip Murray, declared the strike would continue until the industry accepts President Truman's recommendation of a If! 1-2 cents an hour pay hike. At Washington, the president Irols off Production for ciiivian use already is at an annual rate $20,000,000,000 greater than .four months ago, Snyder said in a year end report to Ihc president and Congress. Bul the time cannot foretold now when industry will come abreast of the soaring public "iMnand for goods, he added*. Snyder urged slrongly that the price control act be extended beyond ils scheduled midyear expiration date, saying: "11 would be foolhardly nol to recognize thai the excess of demcnd over supply throughout 1he economic system may continue far beyond June 30." Unemployment ana inflationary pressure may hit their peak simultaneously early this spring, Snyder said. 7-Iowcver, joblessness will be below former estimates. II now is around 3,000,000, compared with the fi, 000,000 or 0,000,000 government agencies had expected. "The basic need at this particular lime lo meet both situations is more production," the reconver- sion director declared. "We must race lo expand our output. We must smother inflation with a steady stream of goods. We must speed up Ihe wheels of industry to create the jobs our workers and veterans need." Labor strife delayed the .start of some important production lines, high output of cars, machines 'could nol UNO Approves Atomic Energy Commission London, Jan 21 — (A't — Creation of a special commission to devise controls for alomic energy was approved by the political and security committee of the United Nations assembly today, after only a 30-minule discussion Tho action was taken after Senator Tom Connally (D-Tex), of the American Delegation said the commission will not have power to make any country give up any alomic secrets or take any other action. The commission will be able only 1o make rccommenda- ! lions, lie explained. Forty-six voles were cast for the resolution approving creation of the commission, chairman Dmitry Manitilsky of the Ukraine delegation said lhat the action was unanimous. However, the delegate from the Philippines, Toinas Cabili, abstained afler he had protested against what he called an effort lo "railroad" the resolution through the committee. Andrei Gromyko, Soviet delegate, Ernest Jlcvin, British Foreign b'eiTL-lar.v and Connally urged Ihc committee to act immediately, and I'cvin repeatedly arose to demand an approving vole. JuHl before the vole Zygmunt Mudzielowski of Poland said there must be "solemn and concrete as- sus that atomic energy would never be used for destruction, but on the contrary would be used ill- way:; for peaceful development of tlie world's economy and raising the standard of human lives" Under normal procedure the question will go lo the full assembly for final action alter the .security i committee makes a recommendation 500,000 Only Thing Blocking washing and other durable-gviods Memphis. Tcun, Jan 21 — (UP) >. — An estimated .'•1500,000 to cover the cost of moving Harding College; from Scarcy, Ark, to Memphis today was virtually Ihe only remaining obstacle blocking the transfer. Harding officials said Ihe college could not be moved if it faced a financial sacrifice as result, although the board of trustees had voted in favor of Ihe move. HardinK i.s valued at about $1300,000 — unofficially •— and has $500.000 in the bank and $250,000 in pledges College President George •"•S Benson estimated at least $1,250.000 would he required lo cover cost of facilitites here. HE GETS AROUND Circle. Muni., Jan. 21 — (,V) — Add to ••small work!" department: Syt. Orville Larson ran inlo one brother, Sgt. Walter Larson, in Germany lasl May. A few months later he'met his other brother, Cpl. Kobert Larson, in Japan. A fast pitcher can throw a basc- ..j-ball 61) feel in less than one-half second. lave been achieved by this time, in any case." Snyder plumped strongly, for the so-called "full employment" bill and extension of the second war powers act. Unless Ihc war powers legisla- lion is prolonged beyond June 30, he asserted, the government will be stripped ot its ability to break industrial bottlenecks, fight shortages and speed construction. And, he added, "the proprilies we have established for veterans (on housing) will become meaningless al Ihe very lime they are most urgently needed." Reconversion has given a new lesl and proof of the toughness of the toughness of the American economy, Snyder said, observing: "The nation which our enemies called a sofl and decadent democracy has proved itself young and vigorous, not, only in battle but also in the strains and shocks of economic readjustment." On V-J day goods and services were being produced .at an annual rale of $200,000,000,000, nearly half of il for war. "Now, although the war share of output has fallen by jiboul $40,000,000.000, total national production has fallen much less and stands at about $180,000,000,000. Similar resilience was shown in employment: "Employment has dropped less and recovered faster Hum had been expected. By mid-November —only 90 days afler Ihe end off Ihe war— the transition drop had been reversed and a decided rise had set in. "While December employment data are nol yel available in detail, all indications point to a continued rise in non-agricultural employment." Spending has gone up at the rate of S3,000,t)00,000 annual since V-J day, even though Ihe income of Ihc American people after taxes has dropped at the rate of $7,000,000,000 a year. "People are beginning lo spend a portion of their war savings," said Ihe report, and instead of saving $3 out of every $10 earned, are pulling away only $2. The report, arguing for quick extension of the price control law, said: "It is vital for the prevention of consumers anticipate that prices inflation that businessmen and consumers anticipate that prices will remain stable. To provide them this assurance, il is essential that the Congress act before the expiration date." — o Truman Asks Hawaii Be Made 49 State Washington, Jan .21 — (A 1 ) — Immediate congressional action lo make Hawaii Ihe 49th slate of Ihe union was urged loday by President Truman. In his message to the nation's lawmakers. 1he chief executive asked also lhat Alaska be admitted as a state as soon as it is certain the people there desire it. Mr. Truman said the people of the Virgin islands should be given an increasing measure of self-government, and he called for legislation to speed the economic rehabilitation of the Philippines. ers, but no immediate action was indicated there. As the flare of the steel furnaces died out in the skies over Pennsylvania, the leading slcel stale wilh 300,000 workers, struck plants were picketed by strikers carrying such signs as: "We want a fair deal, not a Fairless deal." "We'll picket until we win il." Executives of the Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation, U. S. Steel Corporation'.'; biggest building at Pittsburgh. Elevator and building services were stopped by steelworkers pickets. Warming, their hands around Salamander stoves, other pickets shivering in a three-inch snowfall stood guard at mill gales in Pittsburgh and Johnstown, Pa. But so far, al leasl on the firsl day of Ihc crippling strike, presence of the pickets was no needed. Members of the CIO slcclworkers backed the walkout with unanimity and there were no reports of nonunion workers trying to crash the lines. Some 92,000 steel workers were idle in the big Illinois and Indiana slecl centers. U. S. Steel was the producer hardest hit in the Chicago-Gary district, with 12 plants more than 45,000 idle. The Carnc gic-lllinois Gary works with 15,000 employes and its works in Soulh Chicago, with 10,000, rale fi^l and second among the world's basic steel-producing planls. Their combined annual capacity is 10,225,001 IOI1S. •' : -. - . ,A J Plants in Allied industries, prin cipally aluminum and iron ore were also closed. Local Option Case Reversed in Supreme Court Little Hock, Jan 21 —(/I 1 )— The Arkansas supreme court today sustained sufficiency of petitions for a local option liquor election in Hcmpslcad county, upsetting con- lenlions of forces opposing the election that the petitions should include ib per cent of the signatures of men who were in the armed services as well as those of taxpayers on the poll lax books . The decision, in which associate Justice E. L. McFaddin did not participate, reversed a Hcmpslcad circuit decree. Monroe Samuels and 1,001 others filed with the county courl lasl September "P a petition asking that a local option liquor election be called under terms of the 1942 ocal option initiated act. The coun- y courl held Ihe petition was suf- icicnl and called an election for November (i. The act provides hat 15 per cent of Ihc qualified volers may petition for such an election. Leo Robins and others appealed he order to circuit courl on the contention thai the county court should have included in the total if qualilicd electors 2,500 persons over 21 years of age who were in the armed services from Hempstead county. The circuit court upheld the con- .pnlion, declared the pctilion insufficient and said thai ihe petitions should have contained names of 1,12^ qualified voters — 15 per pen of 7,480, which was the combiner, figure of official poll tax lists auc persons in the armed services from ihe county. "We hold thai the official poll tax lisl is Ihc criterion x x to determine the qualified electors who must sign the petition in question," the. supreme courl said. "Since ii is agreed that there were 4,980 persons in Hcrnpstcad county svho had paid a poll tax for the year 1943 x x x and 15 percent of Ihis number is 747, il was only necessary for the petition to contain the names of 747 qualified electors, x x x in effect, appellees (Robins, ct al) challenged 615 names x x x which loft 987 signers x x x or 240 more than the rcquir- Court House Explosion Rankin Asks By JAMES MARLOW Pittsburgh, Jan 21 —(/!>)— The strike of 750,000 CIO stcclworkcrs for higher pay — the greatest strike in American history and one of the most far-reaching — slarlcd today in grim quietness. The slrigcb lanketed the nation. About 1,300 planls, ranging from the mills which make the slcel lo the shops which turn it into useful things like railroad rails or can- openers, shut down in 30 slates. In-Pennsylvania, which produces one-third of the nation's sleel, Ihc strikers in snowy darkness and freezing cold set in motion around the shut-down plants Ihe long, slow march of their picket lines. Picket ines were set up elsewhere across he country No one here would guess how many days, or weeks or months thai march of the pickets — to keep oul of Ihe plants anyone who might seek to lake their jobs — would con- -inuc. II was a showdown fight between the stcclworkcrs and the sicol- nakcrs. This country's hopes for a prosperous reconversion were involved critically because so much )f American manufacturing uses sleel and slcel supplies are very small. A long-drawn oul strike could break the back of reconver- sipn. Tho steel industry — according o a steel industry authority who should know — will lose through ho strike about $10,000,000 a day n gross revenue it would have received on ils sleel sales if there Hid been no strike The industry's average daily :ige has been computed at $H(i9 Al that rate, 750,000 workers will osc $(i,517,500 each day they remain idle. The picketing started quietly. The strikers have had plenty of time to get ready for this day. Investigation Washington, Jan 21 — (UP) — A congressional invesligalion of Ihc costly unsuccessful Rapido river attack in Italy two years ago was urged today by Rep. John E. Rankin, D, Miss. He said he would ask the House Un-American Activities Committee, of which he is an influential member, to make the inquiry if no oilier group takes the. intialivc. Rankin's demand followed a similar one by Ihe 36lh (Texas) Division at a weekend gathering in Texas The 36th staged the attack and suffered 2,000 casualties in a three day bailie Al the Texas meeting, members of Ihc division asked Congress lo look into Ihe "Rapido river fiasco and take the necessary steps to correct a military system thai will permit inefficient, inexperienced officers such as Gen. Mark Clark (commander of the U, S. Fifth Army in Italy in a high command lo destroy the young manhood of the country." The War Department acknowledged that the Rapido attack was a failure but said it was part of an overall bailie plan. An explosion in the furnace room )f the Hempslead county court- lousc at 12 o'clock noon today caused an cstimalcd damage of S5,000 lo the building, according to "".'ounly Judge Fred Luck. The custodian, H. E. Reed, suffered painful burns on his hands and arms but was nol considered serious. Miss Ella Monroe who was in the assessors office al the time of Ihc explolion was nol hurt. The south wall of the assessors office on Ihe second floor and Ihe record room of Bycrs Abstract company on the third floor which I housed the brick and tile flue was blown out the widlh of Ihe flue, scattering brick and tile over both offices. The north slair wall leading lo Ihe basement was damaged. A hoi water lank was blown off its foundation in the apartment of Frank Hill sheriff, on the fifth floor of the building. Mr. Reed lold a Slar representative that he had had the heal cut off in Ihc building all morning lo make repairs on tne boiler and had attempted to relight the pilot light when the explosion occurred. - o U.S. May Take Over Meat Packing Plants Chicago, Jan. 21 — (ft*) —A possibility of imminent government sci/.ure confronted the strike-bound meat industry today. As a fact-finding board appointed by yPresident Truman prepared to open public hearings here tomorrow in the six-day old walkout, high administrative quarters in Wasnington said that major packing plants might be seized in a day or two. One influential government official, who declined use of his name, said the question of seizure would be discussed in Washington today by high administration leaders. He saw little 'hope of avoiding such action, he told a reporter. Mr. Truman would have the final word in any decision to use the seizure weapon, this source said, •vi/diiig . .lhat the, ^president opposed i seizures in labor disputes except as a last resort. The emergency presented by the nation's fast dwindling meal supplies requires immediate drastic action, said this official. Conciliation attempts here to end the walkout of 263,000 CIO and AFL workers in the industry were deadlocked on the wage issue. A member of the fact-finding board, E. E. Witlc, expressed hope Truman Combines udget, Law-Ma king In Annual Message Gen. Wedemeyer Considered Himself an Authority .on Germany, Was Sent to China By RICHARD GUSHING (Substituting For Hal Boyle) Shanghai, Jan. 21 — (IP) — Lt. Jen. Albert Cody Wedcmever is a all, grey-haired West Pointerwho vas surprised when the higher-ups ent him to command the U. S. 2hina theater because he considered himself an authority on Ger- nany. Wedemeyer also is chief-of-staff o Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek. '.n this latter capacity ne is somewhat closer to Chiang than was his predecessor in the job-blunt, out- spkcn Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell. He is more the diplomat than was "Vinegar Joe." He and Chiang lave had differences of opinion — .here is not always perfect accord jclwccn Ihc Iwo — but in Wedc- mcyer's words "we have resolved -hcso differences in a friendly at- mospher." He has the highesl opin- on of the generalissimo, whom he describes us "straightforward and cooperative." Everybody seems to iike Wedemeyer The GI's like him because he takes them into his confidence on matters of their c.oncern. He id- language. I don't," he says. gels them home when their scores justify. He likes to point read rheir ilecl wage negotiations with the industry had gone on 'or months and finally broke down Friday, despite Ihc intercession ot President Truman, who suggested a compromise. The union accepted VIr Truman's proposal for a Wage increase of 18 1-2 cents an hour. The U. S. Steel corporation, the giant which is the guiding star for nosl of the industry, rejected this figure and said it could nol grant, an increase of more than 15 cents an hour. The union, which at Mr. Truman's request had postponed Is scheduled walkout for one week from Jan. 14, then said the strike must begin. It officially went inlo effecl al 12:01 loday in each locality Actually, the strike started in some plants last Friday after ClO-Unit- ed Stcclworkers President Philip Murray's call for action. So did picketing. The vast majority of the workers finished their jobs Friday and Saturday. The industry began cooling of its furnaces then. So by midnight Sunday most of the planls — U. S. steel, for instance — were shut down, or ready to shut down. The union has been arranging '"• various companies to let maintenance crews pass through Ihc picket lines so that planls will nol suffer damage by their inac- livily. As the 12:01 deadline crept nearer thru Sunday the inevitability of Ihe strike, — as if a great machine had been set in motion and nothing could stop it — became apparent. The headquarters of the union and the were silent. WOMAN AROINTED Little Rock, Jan. 21 —(/I 1 )-- Mrs. Elsie Morgan of Tcxarkana was appointed Miller circuit clerk today by Governor Lancy. She succeeds Faye Thorpe, resigned. o — A generation ago painters bouuhl. colors, lead and y.inc in dry powder form and ground them in oil through hand mills as needed. To day uniformly ground pigments arc secured from manufacturers. their "beefs" in Stars and Stripes, and takes a genuine interest in their activities. Wcdemeycr had the job of telling his men that low pointers wouldn't be going home as quickly as they mignt have expected because of the president's new policy of aid to Chiang Kai-Shek. He read paragraphs of Truman's speech which explained the reasons for American participation out here. Then he said in elfect: "I'm sorry, boys, but you'll have to slick wilh me a lillle while longer, but I promise I'll do all I can o get you home as soon as possible." GI's arc homesick in China, but iiciivaicn'l parading or rioting.- Wedemeyer at the age of 48 is Ihc youngest theater commander in the army. He is frequently being described as "a diplomatic gener al — not a tank general." But he doesn't concur in one respect. "A diplomat uses mysterious a nome as in (jma- ha, INCD. ins wile lives ttierc but iiis iwo sons a»e in military tram- ing, one at west fomi ana one at Miiitaiy Acauemy. iuyui- maue a name i>jr nmisuu 11:1 oaseoall at Vw_ot i'oint, and broke his nose in tuo process. Wedemeyer scrveu ior a considerable nine on uiu gem.. „» oLdli. men .ie par^iCujanri. i me biciuan lauuiiigj as a uoin- oai leauci unaer tne jctiu J_,t. oen. ieorge .Patton. He reeeiveo. part of his educa- ion in Germany in tue years just beioie ine war, ana as American eprcsemativt: he auenaect ine jui'iiiati wur college in .Berlin from ujo to iyoo. i c 'or that reason he expected to bu sent into jiitirope rauier . man Cnma. the time nu took over, he de- claics, America had a "neoulous wmcii put me into a aeu- cate position, xou see, we dian't vaut to give away to omer nations ne lact we naa a nebulous policy. it was a rauier cteacate situation ior a wnile." Now weuemeyer says he feels e nas a acimite policy to wonc By. -® By D. HAROLD OLIVER i Washington, Jan. 21 —(fl")—President Truman asked Congress today Lo get behind a sweeping program.: he said will promote greater output of lower cost goods by higher paid workers. And he cautioned that "voices of disunity" which "are beginning to cry aloud again X X X must not . prevail." _ In a 25,000-word document combining for the first time both law- of a settlement within two weeks. The already serious shortage of meat in the country's markets might become even worse if 50,000 members of the unaffilialcd National Brotherhood of Packinghouse Workers, nol now on strike, join the walkout. Don Mahon, president of this union, said that if present conciliation efforts fail, the brotherhood would file a 30-day strike notice. The CIO originally asked for a 25 cent an hour raise but later said il would accept 17 1-2 cents now and negotiate the balance. The AFL was back to ils original demand for a 20 cents boost and a $36 minimum weekly wage, afler withdrawing an offer to sctllc for a conditional raise of 15 cents. Packers involved have offered up to 10 cents more an hour . 2Dead,17 0 Wounded in Palestine After Week End of Terror Jerusalem. Jan. 21 — (/I 1 ) — Pales- line counted al leasl two dead and 17 wounded today after a weekend of terror during which bomb ;il- tncks we're made on power installations of the Palestine radio and on the Gival Olga coast guard station. lie points to 'iruman's iMavy speecn as a "line Bible" wnich was ftirtner clamied on uec lo wnen tne president ieit no doubt the U S. wanted to see internal peace in China and that America would support Chiang Kai-Snek as the duly 'recognized leader of China. Wedemeyer doesn't think the people of the United States, however, are interested enough in world problems to want to make sacrifices for the end of civil strife in China. "They want to partici- pale intelligently and realistically," he said, "but when they have to make sacrifices, like when their making and budget recommendations, the chief executive mixed expressions of optimism over business and job potentialities with fresh warnings against inflation and concern over "major strikes." • ; In his budget, Mr.,. Truman pegged government expenditures during the fiscal year beginning next July 1 at $35,860,OQ,QjOOO —only $4,347,000,000 above anticipated income. ..' : And; by drawing on the treasury's cash balance, he.'said the National debt actually can be. reduced for the first time .in 17 years — from an expected $275,000,000,000 icxt July to $271,000,000,000 a year ater. He added, however, that he can ecommend no further tax cuts at his time. Comparing the new 1947 budget with the current one, the chief executive said that with war spending cutbacks the total for the 1946 fiscal year now is estimated at $67,20,000,000. Receipts are placed at $38,600,000,000, leaving a deficit of $28,600,000,000. Salient features or the 1947 budget: 1. National defense, occupation and war liquidation will cost $15,000,000,000, including $1,200,000,000 for UNRRA. 2. Veterans' pensions and benefits are set down for $4,298,000,000. 3. $5,000,000,000 is earmarked ior servicing the war-swollen national debt. ' 4. Provision is made for continued work in the field of atomic energy, but this is a secret item and the funds involved were not disclosed. ' 5. International financial programs will , require $2,754,000,000. ~"hese include the Bretton Woods sons are involved, they are reluctant to do it. They haven't yet reached full acceptance of their responsibilities in this world." Wedemeyer likes China and admires the individual Chinese, the peasants and the small shopkeepers. "I like them all," he says. Rebellious Greeks Attack Kalamata Port Athens, Jan. 21 —(UP)— A force of 1,500 to 2,000 rebellious Greek monarchists opened an attack on the Peloppnnesian port of Kalama- la today in an efforl to ovcrshclm the loyal garrison before the ari-i- val of government reinforcements from Athens. Government spokesmen said strong motorized detachments and a Greek destroyer were being rushed to the scene and that the outnumbered defenders had been ordered to hold out at all costs. At leasl 00 persons were known to have been killed by Iho rebels al Kalamala and nearby Sparta and the police and loyal army troops holding Kalamala were reported fighting for their lives around the city prison quarters. and police head- The government spokesman said Ihe destroyer and vanguards of the Committee in Search for War Warning By JOHN L. CUTTER Washington, Jan. 21 — (UP) — day launched a new search to de- The Pearl Harbor committee to- lermine whether'a navy war warning message was dispatched to Hawaii the night before the Japanese atlack. Rep. John W. Murphy, D., Pa., instructed committee counsel to make the new search in the light of testimony by Adm. Husband E. Kirnmel, who commanded the Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor at the lime of the atlack. Kimmel teslified that the late Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox told him at Hawaii a few days after Dec. 7, 1941, that a message was dispatched from Washington the night of Dec. 6. Kimmel said he never had been able to find such a message addressed to either himself or Adm. Russian Prisoners Kill Themselves in Riot at American Detention Camp Jan. 21 — U. S. Sle^el here By E .G. VALENS Dachau, Germany, (UP) — Russian prisoners were afraid lo return to 1he country they had betrayed fought like beasts to destroy themselves in the American detention camp here Saturday, witnesses of Ihe suicide orgy said loday. Ten of the prisoners, all former conscripts in the German army or voluntary traitors, succeeded in killing themselves during a riot and batlle against Gl guards. Twenty-one others were reported recovering in the station hospital, it was learned, despite a news "blackout" at Ihc camp Ihen at themselves, begging us lo shool. "Even when we were trying to give them help and gel them to the hospital, they refused lo try lo live. One had slabbed himself in the chesl and seemed almosl oul when we put him on a litter and loaded him on a truck for the hospital. "Bui ho jumped off Ihe truck. Every lime he moved blood spurted from his wound. MP's could not subdue him. Two broke billies hilling him on Ihc head. Another struck him with rifle bull but ihe kept fighting until he collapsed When GI's broke inlo Ihe tear I from weakness, gas filled barracks, two of the "Another had cut himself in the prisoners tried lo disembowel arms. We were trying to bind the themselves wilh pieces of broken glass, witnesses said. Two stood slashing at each other's throats., . Another thrust his head through a Security window and shook il violcnlly until cued and wounds when ho prabbed a piece of glass and slashed open his guards were strength- special precautionary stomach." the broken glass slashed his throat, measures were ordered to prevent "II jusl wasn't human," said further mass suicide attempts T-4 Lincoln T .Kruzkamp of Chi- among European prisoners held cago, who reached the barracks here. soon after the main riot had been ciucllcd. "They weren't men in that barracks when we reached it. They were animals . "GI's had just cut down most of those who had hanged themselves from rafters. Those still conscious were screaming in Russian, pointing first at the guns of guards and Camp officials claimed the 300 Russians were the lasl left here. Although there are many folcs, Romanians, Bulgarians and Hungarians among the 30,000 Wehr- macht, SS and other German prisoners of war here, they have not objected violently to deportation despite knowledge they face punishment for aiding the Germans. motorized reserve sent to Kalama-1 Thomas C. Hart, commanding Ihe la were expected lo reach the be leagiicrcd port momentarily. The Rebels, members of the monarchist "X" organization, were entrenched in considerable force around Kalamata. The sixe of their iinils al Sparla was uncertain . Bolh cities were placed under martial law, however, and Premier Thcmisloclcs Sophoulis ordered summary punishment of the Rebel leaders. The Royalist forces have been rampaging since Saturday, when they killed HO left-wing supporters in a cafe fight, then attacked the Kalamata police station and freed ,'i() of their own men who had been arrested. Fprmer members of ELAS, the military force of the left-wing ISAM movement, were fighting beside the police against the Royalists. Police where many ELAS men prison whore many ELAS men who fought in the 1044 civil war are delaincd. At least one attack against the prison by X men bearing tommy- guns was repulsed. Troons guarded the courl house against a possible Royalij.t attempt lo destroy records slrjwing names ol men who collaborated with the Ger- Colder Weather for Arkansas Tonight With Lows 22 to 32 Litllc Rock, Jan. 21 (/Pi— Arkansas thermometers took another dive below freezing loday afler a mild weekend. The U. S. Weather Bureau here predicted cs'en colder weather Ior tonight, with lows expected to range from 22 to 32 degrees. Lowest temperatures in the state this morning were at Harrison, 23 degrees, and Gilbert, 24 degrees. Light rainfall was recorded at about a dozen weather stations. Asiatic fleet al Manila. A war warning message was dispatched about noon Dec. 7, 1941, by Army Chief of Staff Gen. George C. Marshall lo Lt. Gen. Waller C. Short, army commander at Hawaii. U was not delivered until several hours afler the JaJpanese agreements, export r import bank operations ahd''expenditiires "arising from the proposed loan of $3,^ 750,000,000 to Britain. 6. General government running expenses are estimated at $1,565,000,000 exclusive of army and navy,' agricultural aids, public works and social security payments. 7. More than $2,000,000,000 is included for aiids to agriculture and for the commodity credit corporation, largely for price stabilization and price support resulting from the War Food Production program. In the "state of the union" por» tion of his message, Mr. Truman termed establishment of a "fair wage structure" the "most serious difficulty" in the path of recon- version and expansion, adding: "The ability of labor and management to work together, and the wage and price policies which they develop, are social and economic issues of first importance." He said labor and management must establish "better human relationships," .' and apparently mindful of his recent fruitless el> forts to avert the nationwide steel strike — declared: "No government policy can make men understand each other, agree and get along unless they conduct themselves in a way to foster mutual respect "and good will. "The help to government can, however, develop machinery which, attack. Murphy instructed committee counsel Seth W. Richardson to "search the record from the beginning" to sec whether there was any evidence of this "so-called lost message." Richardson said all the information he had on the subject was Kim- mei's testimony and the fact that "two other people" heard Knox speak of sending the message. Richardson said Ihe "two other people" were Rear Adm. Frank Bcattie and Cant. John Dillon. He said Dillon told him they remember ed Knox saying he had written a message thai night. He said the committee legal staff plans to question Bcatlic and Dillon further. There was no evidence before the congressional committee to show that a message actually was sent or to indicate what warri'ng it might have contained. Kimmel, testifying for the sixth day, said Japan would haves had more difficulty immobilizing the Pacific flcel if il had been based on the wcsl coast of the United States instead of al Pearl Harbor, He said Japan mighl have de- slroyed the base at Hawaii, however. Previous witnesses have testified that the late President Roosevelt ordered the flecl based in Hawaiian waters as a deterrent to Japanese aggression in the Pacific, o- BUTTER SHORTAGE Charleroi, Pa, Jan 21 — (/Pi— A Fallowfield township farmer who owns a herd of 32 cows came to town — hunting a pound of butter! Explained the farmer: "Well, 1 sell all my milk J get a good price, so I don't make butter — but I do miss it now." terprises must be developed terrises must be developed over the country, particularly in undeveloped areas of the West and South. He said he was asking the secretaries of agriculture, commerce and labor to explore jointly methods for stimulating new industries in areas with surplus farm labor. Labor also has its peacetime responsibilities, he said, adding: "Under our collective bargaining system, which must become progressively more secure, labor attains increasing political as well as economic power, and this, as with all power, means increased responsibility." Mr, Truman reserved fr. - the last page of his 75 page printed docu- ConUnued 911 P«ge '11 with the backing of public opinion, will assist labor and management to resolve their disagreements in a peaceful manner and reduce the number and duration of strikes," Mr. Truman said most industries and most companies "have adequate leeway within which to grant substantial wage increases." Elaborating on his higher wage theory, he said: "Good wages means good markets. Good business means more jobs and better wages. S S Substantial wage increases are good business for business because they assure a large market for their products; substantial wage increases are good business for labor because they increase labor's standard of living; substantial •..«• wage increases are good business iSl for the country as a whole because capacity product. . means an active,, healthy, friendly citizenry enjoying the benefits of Democracy under our free enterprise system. Mr. Truman said further on this point: "If we manage our economy properly, the future will see us pn a level of production half again as high as anything we have ever accomplished in peacetime. Business can in the future pay higher wages and sell for lower prices than ever before. This is not true now for all companies, nor will it ever be true for all, but for business generally it is true." In promoting an increase in supplies at low unit prices, he said A, development of resources and en- >-\\ "" ' all all

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