Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 19, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, January 19, 1946
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T" Pogo Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS , Jonuary 18. 1946 U.S. Round UpJapsWho Killed Fliers By RICHARD GUSHING Shanghai. Jan. 17 — < f r<— Scv- i eral key Japanese accused of com- i pliclty in a mock cuurt-m.iriuil and ; execution of three of Con. James i A. Doolittle's Toyko raiders have! been lounded up a:id will .uiec war j crimes trials here, the army re- j .ported today. I The trials may begin before the j end of January. < Capt. Tatsuta Sotojiro. who com-1 manded the Japanese squ-.-.d ac- j /citsed of executing the flier* in : {October. 1942. in a bleak Shanghai, cemetery, was apprehended in Tok-; yo and brought neie by Lt. Col. i John H. Hendren. ^r.. Kansas C'ttv. j and Capt. Robert T. Dwyer. Ro- i Chester, N. Y. Hendren and Dwyer ; probably will be designated prose- \ tutors. i Others in custody in Tokyo will ; be brought here shortly. Hendren said a few Japanese still are to be \ rounded up in connection v.-ith the i executions. I Eight captured DooUttlc i'.iers ; from two Mitchell bo.T.bers that ; crashed on the China coast atter ' bombing Tokyo from the carrier : Hornet were sentenced to death in : a bizarre, makesnift court-martial. : Five of the sentences were com- • muted to life imprisonment but ' three fliers were shot 10 death, as i ' they knelt before .open graves, i their hands beiund behird their : backs. i The three were Lt. Dean E. Ha!l-: mark, Da''.as: Lt. William G. Far-! row, Darlington, S. C.. and igt. ' Harold A. Spl2. Leonold. Kas. : O r • ;Reports Japs to ; Get 60 Liberty Ships Sosn '"Tokyo. Jan. 17 --tVJV- Mitsubishi i I dockyard at Nagasaki will shortly i ,-start repairs on 60 erf 100 liberty j "ships leased to Japan by the United i Instates for repatriation purposes. , Kyodo news agency leported today, i 'Examinations for | •U. S. Merchant' j Marine Ccsdst Corps | 'Litlle nock, Jan. 17 —i.-Pi—• Annual ; examinations .cor quali! ; .ed candi-: dates . seeking appointments as ca-j det-midshipinen in the U. o. Mer-; chant Marine Cadet Corps will be '; held at the Federal building here ! April 3, the U. S. Maritime Service j announced today. j ' STR.IKE IN ITALY j , Rome, Jan. 17 — t/P>—The Gener- j al Confederation of Labor called! out government workers through- i out Italy in a token strike loday, ! protesting the government's re- j ,fusal to pay a 1945 bonus equal to | one month's salary. The strike last j ed an hour except in Sicily, where ] the workers decided to slay out j three days. i o TOUGH GUY j Denver, Jan. 17 — (iff— Police- j man Fred. Bartle's car door stuck. 1 He gave it a jerk. It opened, hitting him on the head. "That was ;Mbnday. Bartle grumbled, but thought r.o more about it. Yesterday ne became ill. A doctor looked at him and called an ambulance. His jaw and skull were fractured. i O 1 -The name Maryland was given to the eighth smallest state in the L union in honor of the wife of • ,Charles I, Queen Henrietta Maria Of England. 'Combined Chiefs of Staff Plan ClO's Strategy A determined dozen of CIO union leaders is pictured meeting in Washington to co-ordinate overall strike strategy and plan the future of their light for w;'.;;e increases. At table are, left to right: Albert Fitzgerald, president, United Electrical Workers; Philip Murray, CIO president; R. J. Thomas president, United Automobile Workers. Standir-s, left to ri;;ht: Lee Pressman, general counsel, CIO' Neil Brandt, international representative, United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers; Clinton S. Golden, and Van A. Bittner, assistants to proficient, United Steel Workers; James Matlcs, : director of organization United Electrical Workers; Richard Frankeiistcen and Walter Reuther,, vice presidents, UAW; Harold Ruttenberg, research director, USW: and James Caiey, CIO secretary-treasurer. New Queen of Amphibian Planss Nearly twice as large as any other ..mphibian plane is the Glenn L. Martin Co.'s new twin-engine XPBM-5A, above, pictured during its recent first flight. Similar in design to Martin's PBM Mariner, an outstanding rough-water patrol plane, it is expected lo be especially valuable for air-sea rescues. The new ship weighs approximately 30 tons, is powered by two 2100-hp. engines, is 80 feet in length, has 118-foot wingspan, cruises at 147 mwh. with speed maximum of 200 mph. Nose wheel retracts into keel and side wheels fold into side of hull. Turret atop fusalase is a radar don". County Agent Entry in 1946 Pin-Up Sweepstakes A $3.56 per head actual average loss on all grubby cattle slaughtered in his plant from November through May was reported by one processor. ?Ie reports an average devaluation of $1.25 straight across on all cattle slaughtered throughout the year. Who pays the grub -ill? One has only to see buyers of fat and feeder cattle pass their hands over the bocks to determine the extent of grub injury before they make their bids. A local cattleman reports his cattle brought one dollar less per hundred pounds because of a few grubs in their backs. TIRED a' Last fall Lacie Rowe of Hope a Grade A milk producer, purchased M 00 worth cattle grub dust. His f" with several grubs in their backs were treated twice. This vi iter not one grub has appeared in these cows. The fly that lays the egg that hatches the grub mi- Crates very litlle. Right now in mid-January is the time for second treatment. On "CERTAIN DAYS" Of The Month? If female functional monthly disturbances make you feel nervous, weafc, cranky — ac such times— try famous Lyciia E. Plnkham's Vegetable Compound to relieve such symptoms. •Taken thruout the month — Pink•' barn's Compound helps build up resistance against such distress. It's also a great stomachic tonic. There are positively no opiates In Plnkham's Compound. It's macie from Mother Nature's own wholesome roots and herbs plus Vitamin Bi. Pinkham'3 Compound HELPS NATURE! Thousands upon thousands of girls and women report benefit! LYD1A L PINKHAM'S The M S. Bates Polled Hereford hercl is one of the best in Southwest Arkansas. The Bates cattle graze pastures that have' been limed, phosphated. sodded to bermuda y.-nss. cversceded with white clover, Persian clover, hop clover and lespt-deza and kept mowed close to keep the growth high in food value. The herd has quality legume hay and ample grain. In appearance the herd is in the best o£ health and has had effective treatment for lice and grubs. Last Wednesday the herd was testoel for Band's disease by Dr. H. R. Shay, Bureau of Animal Industry veterinarian. The herd, will have a second test in February 5th and a third test in early March. If the three tests show the herd free of Bang's disease it will be declared New Violations in China Truce Reported By SPENCER MOOSA Chungking. .Tan. 17 —(./I 1 )— The National Military Council Unlay charged the Communists with sov- Shck personally secretly had midniglu truce which theoretically ended China's civil strife. It detailed each. (In Yenan, Communist Eighth Route Army headquarters charged that Gencralissinho Chiang Kai- Shek personally iiiul .secretly yhad ordered tlie commander of the eleventh war zone on Saturday to seize strategic Communist strong- points before the cease fire odcr became effective.) Forcing correspondents here protested lo the government, through minister of information K. C. Wu, against refusal of Chinese authorities to allow American newsmen to accompany Chinese troops into any Manchurian cities until all Soviet forces are withdrawn. Meantime, the first contingent en some 1,100 Chinese troops of the new Sixth Army left Shanghai for Manchuria aboard six American LSTS diverted from the Japanese repatriation program. The Chinese are to be landed at Hulutao and presumably are to be used in the Mukden area, radioed Associated Press Correspondent Richard Gushing. They arc fully eciuipcd lor the vigorous Manchurian weather. I o Arkansas Sportettes By CARL BELL Little Hock, Jan. 17—(xl'l—Talent- hunting activities of the University of Arkansas athletic staff are, not currently restricted to a serach fov future Razcrback football material. Basketball Coach Gene Lambert also is on the look-prowl. Lambert was in Little Rock today conferring with several prospects. The result may be the midterm acquisition of at least two outstanding cagers to bolster the Rnznrbacks in their current Southwest Conference title drive. Arkansas does not swing back into conference competition until after the second semester gets under way. The Porkers' next loop engagements are against Southern Methodist at Fayettcvillc Feb. 1-2. An Old Rockefeller Custom Tc.xarkana high school isn't taking a chance on repetition of last fail's accusations that the co-champion Kazorback has played a "light" Arkansas conference schedule. Nine big 16 games are on Te.xarkana's 194G football sched- dule...additions include co-champion Fort Smith, Joncsboro and Hot Springs. Despite high cost of everything, John D. Rockefeller's habit of passing out dimes still sticks with the family Nelson A, Rockefeller, grandson of this late Croesus, passes a shiny 10-cent piece to bootblack Vineenzo L. Negro, 70, in New York's City Hall, following the famous custom of his famous grandpa. The International Sunclny School Lesson for Jan. 20 Sunday School Lesson PAINT SCRAPE Milwaukee, Jan. 17 —(/l r )— Mvs.-j largaret Rousseau, 21, related in. irciiil court some of the reasons ! he wanted a divorce from her hus- and, William, !>!). One was that he pair.k'd n mus- achc and spectacle:; c.n her wed- ing picture. She was granted ;; divnrre. WAGES OF CR'| Ml'. Portland, Ore., Jan. 17 - I/I') — L woman reported today a man ad offered nnlltely lo hold her icavy shopping bag while .she wail- el for a bus -- and Ilien he ran oft vith it. She was enrinitc lo a relative's arm to bury a ilend Hog which •he was carrying in the bag. Some specimens of ring money .used by the ancient Gauls and Brii- ins have been found near Oxford- shire, England ^©AVOIDLIFE Or- MISERY, DUE TO LACK OF HEALTHY DILE BufFcrcm Ucjolce n.n UcinorUnhlo Itcclpa HrlnRB Flrnt licnl Ucnults. Kiulufl Hero Nc\v relief for irnlUilaildcr sullcrera lucklnc hcnllhy bile is Keen tmlny in announcement of a wonderful preiraruliun which ncta with remarkable effect on liver nn;l bile. SulTerem with iiKniihinK cnlic nllncks, itn-.nnch nntl Kiilllilaililci- misery duo to Inck of hcall'iy follu now tell nt rcmnrknhlo l-esulls nf'.sr usinir Ihii meilicinc which linn 'lit. nm.i7.lin: imwcr In stimulate nlmti:isli liver nnil inrrcvux. Hn-.v of healthy bile. C.AU.USIM la n very i-xi;cn*ivo mrdwinc. lull, consiilcrinf; rct.uk:-,, thu ?;!.0fl It routs h I'nly a fr-.v rwnnL-i Mn- doro. (JALMTSIN In noM with full imii'-y bnrtt Kunrnntca bv J. P. COX DRUG STORE Mail Orders Filled The hottest Arkansas sports issue at present concerns the Arkansas Athletic Association's award of the 19-10 high school basketball tournament to Joncstaoro. The dispute is whether the tourney should be staged in outlying sections of the state or be made a fixture at centrally-located Little Rock, where it has been held for the past throe years—and plenty of fur is flying on both sides. •It's just a suggestion, but why not alternate the tourney site from year to year? That way each section would get a break. After all, one section isa senti tied to the meeting as is'another. Protect Your Cor by Greasing and Lubricating Keep your car in smooth running condition by letting us service it. Weatherproof Your Car Have the Motor and Chassis STEAM - CLEANED Yoy con be sure we will Check everything when we service your car. Arch 3rd & Walnut Charles Hope, Ark. An early entry in the 1 ( J'!U race for pin-up honors is Sylvia MacNeil, above, New York model, who hopes this pholo of her will prove to be Ihe GI Joe's favorite. Sporlfolio: Two members of the District G committee recently named to select a rcprescntalive for Ihe NCAA cage tourney are from two of the Southwest Conference's leaders—Lambert of Arkansas and Hub McQuillan of Texas Christian. Which means there may be some interesting possibilities in the selection if the deadlock holds throughout the season. Camp Chaffee's personnel center baskclball loam looms as a polenl faclor in Ihc 1!)4G State AAU tourney, and one of the big reasons is Ihe soldiers' Mike Scliumchyk, former U. of A. star who is averaging belter than 20 points a game... another prospective AAU favorite is the Camp Robinson team leci by Lt. Johnny Logan, former Indiana great. Logan, you may recall, was an all-AAU tourney performer with the Camp Chaffe Tankers, 1944 champs...Magnolia A. and M.'s recent employment ot Elmer Smith, former Centenary coach, as athlel- ie direclor is a lipoff lhal the school probably will come back wilh a full Arkansas intercollegiate confy program, including football, this year. Praises are still coming in on Aubrey Fowler, Arkansas Tech halfback reportedly headed for Fayeltoville. Some contend he's an equal of Oklahoma A. and M.'s All- America Bob Fcnimore. Scripture: Exodus: 19-23, espcc- '. ially Exodus 19:7-8: 20:1-2; 20-24 By WILLIAM E. GILROY Moses stands in history as a great Law-giver, as well as a great deliverer. The Ten Commandments, which have endured ihrough the ages though men have not always obeyed ttiem, are only a part ol extensive moral and hygienic 1 which Moses established, or were later set fe>r guidance in l.-'acl. It must be obvious lo every in- lelligenl reader, that all parts of the law are not of equal value in moral or social' worth. The times were crude, and in some respects cruel. One reads in Deulernunomy 2:34, and in Deuteronomy 3:4-(i, how in the war of conquest Moscs'j took over GO large, walled cities | "besides unwall'jd towns a great j many", and "utterly destroyed" the inhabitants, men, women "and the lillle ones." Possibly Ihis was no more ruthless than the practice oi the peoples whom the Israelites fought, but it sounds too much like the Hitlerite ruthlessnc-ss of our own lime: and surely Ihc Christian conscience musl recoil agninsl il. We lend loo much in our reading of the Bible lo pass over such passages without really visualizing them: but they ought lo remind us that we must read with discrimination and moral judgment.. Moses and many others in history have said and done things in trie name of God Ural God woul:t not own. We should remember, too, that Jesus proclaimed a higher law, and a way of mercy and grace where the Jewish law was harsh ad exacting. When Jesus referred to those of old lime who said "an eye for an c;> e, and a tooth for a loulh," he was quoting Exodus 21:!M. and the woid of Jesus was, "I say unto you that ye resist not evil." Christ's law of forgiveness is high- } er than the law of measured justice; though the Mosaic provision for measured jusl ice meant progress from the rule of blind vengeance. An eye for an eye, and a toolh for u loolh. was better li'.nn the fury thai demanded a lif* 1 ; for an pye, or a life for ,-\ looth We must grasp very clearly and firmly ihc fact that in thc'ltiblc we have a progressive revelation of God and His goodness. The Mosaic law in Exodus 21 made provisions about servitude and slavery that we would denounce today, though what was cock's '' ' ea "y significant in ihe -light of the i times wns Ihc care provided lest I slavery, or bondage, or debt, be j come permanent. We must mea | sure Ihe grealness and progressive- I ness of Moses in relation to his ! limes, but also his backwardness i in relation to Christ and all that is best in Christian civilization. Thus measured, Moses stands lowering like Mount Sinai, anil his contribution to the world, and lo modern laws and law-givers .reveals how much we owe to that great Deliverer. Not only Christianity but also Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and Islam are, or have been, missionary religions. ersona! Property Floal'cr insurance assures you of the "right" insurance in case of loss. We'd like to tell you more about it. INSURANCE 210 South Main Phone 810 Hope, Ark. DO YOU NEED CASH? We will loon you money on your Car, Furniture, Livestock, etc., or if your car needs refinancing see Tom McLorty ct the Hope Auto Company, 220 West Second street in Hope, Arkansas. -® this tin herds an Accredited herd by Ii of Animal Industry. Al we have no accredited flempstcad county. Bang's disease ma- c; loss of calves in inK-c The disease is ropoiU-c! cause of undulo:il f •:.••.Pickard of Rocky Moii. cows tested by Dr. Sii; wore not known to ! disease. Mr. Pic'-:; kr.ow as a fric-.ul is I- devolopi.-d unduicii! 'i: 'i<-->d while u way eel. Dr Shay will oxui-rn JU- < crediting and lortu'.-.-; i'or I: disease at a mcf-tii;:; of raUl'j ers at the county courtroom day afternoon Fr.-brn o'clock. Herds rt.'.i'.ir- get the service at no pense. Hemnsltvid. wore inspected in and will in many h'.- the costly disease;. JACK HOPKINS Little Rock, Jan. Hopkins, formerly has been appointed director of Red C n the Veterans Adn.inUirMiui Milton Young, Red Cruv ; diivlor j for velcrai.s announced lo'Jiiy. Hop- ikins recently wax •i'.;i"ii;.:-:<['d fio.n I the navy. Before c-:i service he- v.'i.s a'i at O Ida Clubs Thoughts Though thy beginning was .small, yel Ihy hitler end should greatly increase.—Job (!:7. uwn- MIIII- \-\y\ :-: will V t'X- - ...;.(.,.. (il'.:n-.v"(jd. sis 1 .;!!!! field Service- in hero. HINTON Hiritun Homo Demonslralion club •Ticl Monday afternoon, January 14 M the community club house. The meeting opened by repeating the uledge 01 allegiance. The dcvotion- ,;1 was led by Mrs. Selma Jones, "jatl'iiL', the 1st. John, 5:9-13 verses. S'.;!j". prayer by the group. Roll :::i].''. i d wilh "acli one answering wilh t,;,': 1'Jcw Year's resolution. The i:i:ni:tes were read and approved. Tho treus'-irer gave report. Officers fur ll.'t'J were fleeted as follows: r'rf.'.idoi-t. Mrs. SteSin Adams: vice- president, Mrs. Ildith Rider; sec: r.-tta-y-treasurfj". Mrs. Meeky Bluck CJ;'rdc:nlt:g and orchard leader, Mrs. Parlc:; Hondri.x: poultry leacl- !.-r. Ivl::.. Meokv lilack: nutrition k'acl'.-:. Mi-:-. Selma Jones; food 'in f.'Ki.-rv.'i'ion loader. Mrs. Edith ;!icl.-r; rh.lhiir-: leader. Mrs Atha Ki,:ck; r.-hild care-. Mrs. Ira Rodgers landscfpinti. Mrs. Slella Adams; d-jirv kadc.-r. Mrs. Volrna Jones; : M.'Voalion loader will be chosen i a''ii month. Mrs. Stella Adams •.'.'ill be recreation leader for Fcb- Begin; to begin is half the work. Let half still remain; again begin this, and thou will have finished. —Ausonius. | Officers and leaders were elected for Ihe new year. Names of months were drawn for Ihc meoling places during Ihe year Officers for 1940 are as follows: Mrs. E. D. Pierce, president; Mrs. Luther Westfall, scerelary-lreasur- or: Mrs. J. P. Hulson, vice president and Mrs. George Boozer, re porter. Mi.ss Wcstbrook gave a demon- slralion on how to set the table. The auction sale brought $1.11. The meeting closed with all repenting the Lord's Prayer. athlelic co i wood and Ml. P.!;;c i'id Wcstbrook and Mr.s. Meeky /av;- a very interesting dem- ation f:n .setting the tabiL'. Mr.s. k \ i .'< in the lucky box. The nexl :,,:_, ,,-ii| |, 0 I'nf, tocond Monin February at the home S!e!!;i Adams. At thi:-; time ill have ;i demoiistration on scaping. : Alter the Ni.rm i Britain there were i inii.ts coining gold j country. I'nnrtv iha.i I world. I <y j Squids n.uve IJ.IL- i ing out '.valor. COLUMBUS 4-H Kenneth Thompson, senior of the Columbus high school, was elected president of Ihc Columbus 4-H club at a meeting Monday, January 14. nt the Holumbus hiuh school. Other were elected as follows: Vice president, Charlie Wilson, Jr.; secretary treasurer, Marcia Lee Moscs; reporter, Martha Anne Ellen. Mr. Adams, county agent, and Mi-ss Westbrook, home demonstration agent, were in charge of the meeting. Mr. Adams showed some . interesting pictures of former 4-H of I club members and their .•iccnm- plishmenls. 4-H boys and girls filled out enrollment cards for this year. Mrs. C'ompton made a few remarks about the activity of the State 4-H club held al Fayellcville each summer. E. R. Brown, counly examiner, made an announcement urging all school children to help colled cloth- ins for the National Clothing drive. Next regular club meeting will :U:13. Roll call was answer- be held Ihe second Tuesday in Feb- v.'ilh a New Year's resolution, ruary. DOYLE Tiie lJo\!e HOI.K' IJemonslrcition nij met January HJIli al the Bap-.! church. There- wi-re four mom:•:. ;j',es(a1 \vMli Mi.ss WeMbruok. .:<• devotional v.-.-js read by Mrs. i'-rrc ii'fiia Ihe first chapter of THE OLD JUDGE SAYS;.. fit w kxm^ -\^^r^~=^^ DICK: "I wonder how the distillers feel about lhat new movie built around an alcoholic." OLD JUDGE: "It's funny you asked that, Dick... I was just reading a piece about it." ZJ/C'AVWhat did it say?" OLD JUDGE: "A very sensible statement. Il said the beverage distillers are fully aware of Ihis problem and are coopcraling in e:very way possible to help solve it. The ainholic is to the beverage distilling industry what the reckless driver is to the automobile industry. There is nothing wrong wilh Ihe automobile, but in the hands e>f a man who doesn't know how to drive it or is reckless, it becomes a menace. Likewise, it's not the use but the abuse of alcoholic beverages that causes trouble." DICK: "Wonder why it is most men can drink moderately and others can't?" OLD JUDGE:" Intensive research at a groat university has shown that most excessive drinkers are really sick people. They are suffering from some physical, social or emotional upset. And great slrideis have been' made in developing clinical methods of helping these unfortunate people." tfc Voice of Opinion -——By James Thrasher- Public Responsibility Koine interesting observations came; out of a conference between General McNarney and a delega lion of enlisted men which followed the "we want to go home" demonstrations in Fi-iinkfurl-on-the .Main. One sergeant reported that re placements were stepping off (he -., gangplank at Lo Havre and in A|Uirlng, "How soon can we GO home'.'" Another sergeant .said the men he represented knew Unit we had made commilmenls abroad that had to be met, but lhal they felt it was time somebody else took over. He also expressed Ihe opinion lhal an educational job was necessary back home mid that Congress should put some pressure on the local draft boards which aren't meeting their quoins. General McNarney lold the men thai Iheir families back in the I'jtales were the ones lo bear down on Congress and Ihe draft boards, and lhal if Congress got the impression thiil what Ihe people want il "lo gel Ihe boys home and to hell wilh foreign commilmenls," Ihen Congress would oblige them and the job in Europe would be loft unfinished. II eloes not seem to us thai Iho Army can hold ilself enlirely blameless in this .situation. If replacements are clamoring to go •home us soon as they reach Europe, '•here is something badly wrong "with the present Army indoctrina- Uon program. And if the Army can't bear down on Congress, then there has been a recent departure from old practices. But it is certainly true that the public lias Ihc grealesl influence with Congress. And it is becoming more and more apparent that the public must accept a good share of the blame for promoting and increasing the bad military morale and govcrnmcnlal embarrassmenl / which Ihcse soldier demonslralions •'••VRiive caused. A large section of the public seems lo be thinking along these lines: "Sure, there is a big job to do in Germany and Japan, and il must be clone—-as long as it doesn't interfere with our Joe's coming back from overseas, or lake our young Johnny nway from home." Such thinking is natural, but it is neither realistic nor safe. II is thinking thai has a powerful influence on legislators who. are more •Hole-conscious than statesmanlike in an election year. II is thinking thai influences local draft boards which have fallen short of the national monthly quota of 50,000 inductions in steadily increasing numbers for the lasl four months. The elraft act expires May 15, and Congress is almost certain not lo renew il. The prospects of the Aimj's achieving its goal of 1,550,1 000 by July 1 are extremely.,dim. Hope /%. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47— NO. 81 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press, 1927, Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 19, 1946 MacArthur Gels Set for Tojo Trial BRINES 10 —(/I 5 )— General By RUSSELL Tokyo, Jan. MacArthur today set up inlerna- lional machinery for the Irials of Hidcki Tojo, his Pearl Harbor cabinet and his militarists, charged with "crimes against peace and crimes against humanity." The supreme commander tin- nounccd a charter giving detailed Only One Icicle Recorded in Hongkong's Long, Balmy History, Seen by One Man By HAL BOYLE Hongkong, Jan 19 —(If)-— Leaves from a correspondent's nolebok: Universal militaiv pVescnlly conceived, the silualion. T JQ look forward*" ".cally cur»UMlea' not tieln lltWe mue procedures for insuring "fair Irial for the accused." Outstanding points of procedure listed included: 1. A majority of the members of Hit! international tribunal present shall be sufficient to convict and impose the death sentence — subject to review by MacArlhur. 2. The five-lo nine-man Iribunal "will not be bound by technical rules of evidence," anel even docu- mcnls wilhoul proof of signalurc may be accepted. 3. A plea that he acted under orders shall nol of ilself be sufficient to free a defendant. The charter provided lhal the first trial would be held in Tokyo. It has been scheduled tentatively for early March. "A sentence vvill be carried out in accordance wilh Ihe order of Ihc supreme commander for Ihc Allied powers, who may at any time reduce or olhcrwise alter Ihc sen lencc," except thai he may nol increase noted. The tribunal membership will be apointed by MacArthur irom names submitted by the Allied Na- lions. "All decisions and judgments of Ihis Iribunal, including convictions and sentences, shall lie by a majority vote of those members of the tribunal present," the charter explained. (No individual members have thus far been named, and Russia has given no indication whether she will name anyone.) The president of the Iribunal shall cast the deciding vote in case of a tie. Mac-Arthur's orders ' made il clear that other tribunals also may be set up "in Japan or in any territory of Ihe United Nations for Irial of war criminals." The charter listed Ihesc crimes for which Japanese are lo be Iricd: 1. Crimes against peace — the planning, preparation, inilialion or declared or undeclared ression, or war in viola- Only one Icicle has been recorded In Hongkong's londg and balmy history — and il was seen only by one man Legend has il that the icicle was found many years ago by a poor richskaw collie. He saw il hanging from a water pipe outside a hotel at the lop of Ihis colony's famous funicular railway. Having spcnl all his life in Hongkong's equable climate, the ignorant coolie thought he had come across some strange new gem — it glittered so brightly in the sunshine Tearing this foot-long treasure from the water pipe, he began running madly down the road to show his prize to the townspeople at Ihe bottom of the hill Unfortunately, his sliangc cold "diamond" began li rnclt. The faster he ran me faster U melted in his warm hands Just as he reached the bottom of the hill the last of the icicle vanished. When the rickshaw coolie told his friends of his wonderful adventure and showed his dripping mower clipping through a patch of dandelions. "These blokes believe the devil is always on Ihcir tail its severity, the charter hands called they him laughed at him anc dreamy fool. They thought he had gone punchy from pulling his rickshaw uphill 1 And so, according to British col ony weather hosiers, perished the only icicle nature ever formed ii sunny Hongkong ns| wa «'"£ of eln war of "SKr lion of international law (Ja- 1 hat,/Of*course,{^Sjusl what the feme right'*'and Ihe cxlreme in Ihis'Counlry wanl Thai accounts -for Ihe facl thai, for once UKjjfV are on the OUhly supporUn same side, zeal- llio "bring the bp>s liome" drive. The right wants t0 sco us walk out on our foreign commitments. The left wants to see us leave the world wide open to Hussia. Meanwhile, we arc looking increasingly weak to our enemies and increasingly foolish, or worse, lo our friends. 1 The least the public can do is encourage, rather than block, the Arm.v's efforts to jccure replacements in order that we may have a military force adequate to our defense and our destiny in world affairs, -o— |)an's attack on Pearl Harbor came before she formally declared war on the Allies.) 2. Conventional war crimes — British drivers love lo spec: along Queens road in jeeps, *md takes an alert Chinese to kccj from getting tire groves on his back One young captain with whom rode solemnly assured me, how ever, it wasn't the sped of vehicle thai threatened to dcci mate the pedestrian population "It's their blasted supcrstilioi that's responsible for so man close calls," h e said, wht/xin through one crowd like a lawi that dcci and about to grab them. They fig- re if they can stand in your path ntil you arc almost on them and ion jump barely out of the way of our fender lhat you'll run over nd kill the devil behind them If there is any truth in this, then longkong slrcels musl be littered vilh invisible mangled devils The Japs, who have adopted so Tiany western culture patterns, are going in now for American slogans remember one sign printed in Tokyo newspaper office thai read: "A conference is a group of peo- jle who individually can do noln- ng and collectively decide lothing can be done Wise sion and quick action" Capl. Edward Lcsage, vcleran iltle British navy commander, hinks the story of the disgruntled Aussie trooper in New Guinea is the bcsl anecdote of the Pacific ar. . , Swealing oul -a Japanese bom- jardmonl in a jungle mud-puddle, Ihc Aussie complained: "Look at me hat — hanging over me cars it's that large. Look at me uniform — big enough lo wrap Iwicc around. Look al 'me bools— mud squishing up through them. Look at me rifle — mud all over it. And inspection coming up in ten minutes." Just then a Japanese shell landed in his mud-puddle and blew him up among the clouds. But his heavenly slation didn't change his disposition. "Look at me halo," he mourned in dusgust. "It hangs on me cars. Look at me white nightgown —big enough to go around me six times. Look at me sandals — with clouds squishing up through me toes. Look at me harp — four strings broke. And me with inspection coming up in ten more minutes." Atomic Plan Passed First Test in UNO WEATHER FORECAST sas: Cloudy, showers this (ft and tonight and in east ienlral portions Sunday, in extreme east portion Sunday. PRICE 5c COPY "violalions of the laws and customs of war." 3. Crimes against humanity — "murder, extraminalion, enslavement, deportation and other inhuman acts committed against any civilian population before or during war ; . ." "Neither the official position of an accused, nor the fact lhal an accused acted pursuant to an order of his government or of a superior shall of itself be sufficient to free such accused from responsibility from any crime with which he may be charged." The charter said. Such cireumslanccs may be CAA Official to e Mayor Albert Graves, announced today lhal he had received a wire from an official of the C.A.A. in Ft Worth, thai a represenlalivt- would arrive in Hope Monday, January 21, lo discuss Ihe permil for use of Ihe airuorl al Ihe Proving -.Ground by the City of Hope. Former United Stales Senator Lloyd Spencer conferred in Lillle linilk yesterday wilh J. W. Jan-ell, regional manager of Ihc Reconstruction Finance Corporalion rc- •liii!*, possible acquisilion by the of Hope of the industrial see- airporl of the city tion ind Soulhwesl- cm Proving Ground Washington HFC area, and llulu _ Surplus Property''"' Adminitsration officials announced Thursday thai neegolia- tions for sale of the Porvmg -Ground area may now be opened, Millionth Ihe properly has not been formally declared surplus. A Chamber of Commerce committee to negotiate for the property was appointed by President Lyh. Pirown several weeks ago, and the group will meet with Mr. Spcncei at an early date. ... considered, however, in mitigation of punishment. Settling one controversy which developed during Irials of various Japanese commanders for atroci- ics, Ihe charier specifically declared thai affidavils and "imilar statement shall be admitted in evidence. Included are documents yithout legal proof of issuance or signature, provided the tribunal be convinced lhat they were signed or ssucd by an officer or official of my government's armed forces, International Red Cross, or thai they are aulhcnlic doctor's repoils, iffielavils, diaries, or letters. Copies may be introduced if origin- ills arc unavailable. Each defendant shall be defended by counsel of his own choosing, "subject to disapproval by *he tri- junal." MacArthur will appoinl the chic! counsel responsible for the invcsligalion and prosecution, while any United Naction which foughl Japan may appoinl an associate counsel lo assisl. The tribunal "will lake slricl measures lo prevenl any aclion which would cause any unreasonable delay, and rule out irrelevant issues and statements of any kind whatsoever." The tribunal also is to determine the mental and physical capacity of the defendants to proceed with the trial. The tribunal "will not be bound by technical rules of evidence," anej "shall admit any evidence which it deems lo have probative value." Allhough Ihe firsl trial has been scheduled in Tokyo, later trial;-: may be held wherever the tribunal derides. 17 Bodies Held in Plane Crash Friday Cheshire, Conn., Jan. 19 —I/I')— The bodies of 17 viclims of flaming dcalh in the crash of an Eastern Airlines plane were held loday in mortuaries here and at Watcrbury. as a three-way investigation sought the probable cause of the disaster, first in commercial air traffic on the New York-lo-Boslon flight. The bodies, burned beyond recognized in the crash yesterday, were identified by means of charred billfolds, engraved bits of jewelry and olhcr personal effects which escaped total dosln.!elion. The dead included a returned serviceman's wife and child, Mrs. Charlotte Sturman and Jean, 2, of Newton Center, Mass., who were enroute from Miami lo Boslon for a reunion wilh him. The Federal Bureau of Aeronautics, Ihc slate officers and officials f the airlines joined forces in robing Ihe crash. Eyewilncss ac- ounls agreed thai the plane, bound •oin New York city's Laguardia icld to Boston on the last leg of a •ip from Miami, burst into flames icn about three miles from the solated woodlol inlo which il fin- lly crashed. Stale Police Commissioner Ed- varcl J. Hickcy, said that it had cen established that the flames vcre seen around the lefl molor nd that Ihey swepl about the left ide of Ihe plane lo Ihe left wing /hich buckled, plummeting the hip to the carlh. The plane, Hickcy said, evidently 'just dropped" and did not glide r nose dive. This was apparent, lie commissioner said, because 'illy those trees immediately irotind the wreckage showed cvi- lenee of being hit by the wings. Trees for a distance of fifty feet round the plane were scorched nd scarred but only one sizeable ree, an oak about ten inches hrough Ihe Irunk, was broken off ;0 feel above the ground, o Sugar Price Going Up in February By OVID A. MARTIN Washington, Jan. 19 — OT price of sugar is going up slightly next month. Bul the increase of about scvcn- tcnlhs of a cent a, pound —.coupled wilh a possible' minor rise in mdal prices and perhaps a six-cent boost for butler — may end Ihe upward — The for many become effective alx>ut February 2, will per- mil Ihc government to keep, ils promise of higher prices for Ihis swing in food cosls months to come. The sugar hike, to year's crop. Acting Secretary. of Agriculture J. B. Hulson disclosed plans for Ihe price rise in a lelter lo Con- LATE SHOPPER Chicago, Jan. 10 --(/I 1 )— It was 01 Christmas Eve, 1923, Mrs. Colin Griffin lold Superior Judge Edwin A Robson. that her husband Gcr- »f»i'd left home, telling her he had t'o do a little last minute shopping. Mrs Griffin, now 65, said lie back yel and she rounds of de- hasn'l conic wanted it divorce on sertion. . , , , Judge Robson granted her a decree. LiHle Rock. Jan. 19 • Wall- box connections to music machines in Arkansas now are subject lo a 32.!)0 lax under a new stale revenue department reguliilion. Revenue Commissioner Otho A. 7'/fi.s (i ft /n- ( .';;Y;-, flic. ,t i ,. f i'uok described Ihe action as the 'fir.sl step of a "crackdown" on vending machine's "and other nuisance taxpayers." According I" C'ook department records show lhal only 7,352 vend- in;.; machines of all lypes.. ing 3,518 "like lo operate. •The crackdown has includ- boxes" are licensed started with Ihe regulation on wall boxes. There is no lux penally but the machines have to be taken oul of operation or we'll confiscate them," revenue commission stated. •"I Ihe Township Chairmen for 1946 March of Dimes Campaign T. S. Cornelias of Hope, Hemp .stead Counly chairman for the 1SMG March of Dimes Campaign iinnounces the following Townshii chairmen for the drive: Jerome Drake, Patmos, Bodcau Township; Mrs. Herbert Cox, Ful ton, Bois D'Arc; Mr. T. A. Conic litis, Rt. 4 Hope. DeKoan; J. M Arnold, Rl. 3 Hope, Garland; Ear Martindiilc, Nashville, Mine Creek Mrs. II. 1-1. Huskey, Emmet, Nolan Jimmy May, Washington, Ozai (South); Mrs. Wilbur Jones, O/an O/an (North); J. S. Moses, Me Cask ill, Rcdland: R. C. Stuart, Col umbus, Saline; Huron Light, Rt. Hope, Springhill; P. C. Stephens Blevins Sprmgm i, Wallac ceburg; E. A. Thomp son, Rt. '1, Hope, Watercreek. OPA MEETING CALLED Memphis, Jan. 17 —(/I')—- Office of Price Administralion officials from 14 .states will meet here Jan. 2325 lo discuss problems. Some 30 information executives from the Atlanla and Dallas regional offices will allend. John W Bondurant of Atlanta will preside. Farm Leaders Meeting Held in Hope Friday More than one hundred farm leaders from 10 counties .attended the dislricl Farm Bureau meeting al Hope Friday. These county leaders of Ihe independent farm organization made detailed plans lo secure 336'i) members lo work lowarel parity prices, parity ineomc and parity of opportunity for farm families and strongly opposed raw cotton ceilings as proposed for the 1946 by the OPA. Rex. Ramsey of Nashville and ; member of the Arkansas Farm Bu reau Federation board of directors presided. Joe C. Hardin of Grady vice-president of the slate group Lloyd Dhonau, slate agent of the Extension service, and Waldo Fraz ier, executive secretary of the Ark ansas Farm Bureau appeared on the days program. Fred A. Luck, head of the Third Dislricl Liveslock Show, extended all counties welcome lo parlicipale in the show to be held, this fall, September 80 through October 5, at Hope. County Farm Bureau organizations taking part in the meeting included: Columbia, Howard, La- Fayetlc, Litlle River. Miller. Nevada. Ouaehita, Scvier, Pike. Union gress asking lot- authority to continue some sugar subsidy payments begun during the war. Food officials already have indicated that it may be necessary to grant packing concerns slight in- crcases to enable them to meet workers demands for higher wages. And Secretary of •'Agriculture Anderson is urging a six-ccnt-pound increase in bullcr lo encourage realer production. President Truman, however, is expected lo ask Congress lo ' con- .inuc for anolhcr year Ihe federal 'od subsidies inaugurated early in the war. If Congress goes along, this should stabilize food cosls and prevent further rises. The subsidy program has been costing the government about $1,- WJ.DOu.OOO a year. Here is the background on sugar: Because of the acute world wide shortage, Anderson last fall offered producers in this country, Puerto" Rico and Hawaii somewhat liighcr prices lor their 1946 crop in an effort to encourage greater production. Similar increases also were offered Cuban producers. A halt-a-ce'iit pound boost in refinery prices — or 7-10 of a cent at the retail level — will cover this extra price offer to producers. Hulson asked Congress, however, to grant the agriculture deparl- menl authority to pay ii total of By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER London, Jan. 19 —(/P)—The "big power" plan lo place the pronosod atomic energy conimission directly under the United Nations security council passed its firsl test loday withoul opposition. The tcsl came when Paul-Henri Spaaic, president of the general assembly, called up a commillec rc- porl providing lhal Ihe alomic con- lrol proposal should go to the assembly's security commillec wilh out discussion on Ihc floor. Spaak asked if anyone wanted lo say anything, but not a word was spoken. He promptly declared the rcporl accepted. The security committee of the assembly is headed by Dmitri Ma- uiilsky, chief Ukrainian delegate. Senator Tom Connally (D-Tcx) is he United Slates member. • A commillec meeting is expected .0 be held Monday. Prime Minister Peter Frascr of Zealand yesterday contended hat Ihe alomic commission should DC under the direction of the 51-na,ion general assembly instead of .he 11-nation securily council, bul ic did nol oppose loday's move. Spaak also senl lo a commillec on social, humanitarian and cultural problems a British proposal calling on the United Nations lo give {heir full support to UNRRA. Meanwhile, the chief UNO inlcr- csls centered on the next move lo be made by Iran in line wilh her announced intention to bring before the new securily organization an appeal for action in the Iranian-Russian dispute. Nasrullas Entezam, an Iranian delegate, said the appeal would be filed "before Monday" with Gladwyn Jc,bb, executive secretary ol the UNO. Entezam indicated lhal Jcbb would be directed to take the issue directly before the powerful secur- ily council, although the possibilily remained lhal Ihc Iranians al Ihe lasl moment would seek instead floor debate in the assembly. Entezam said thai an appeal hac nol yel been drafted, but thai Iherc would be an Iranian meeling latei in Ihc dav lo whip il inlo shape. The assembly, wilh a slate slil heavy wilh orajory, broke inlo the usually c(uiet English week-end ii an cfforl lo hold as close lo ils Schedule as possible. First action on the alomic bomb proposal had a 20-minule delay al Lhc opening of ,lhc assembly ses- 'fi "whterr'the' loudsp'e'a'kfcr 1 'system' aroke down. Delegates, including U. S. Secrelary of Slate James F. Byrnes, dialled or moved restlessly around the auditorium until repair men sent word thai Ihe system was working. Foreign Minister Georges Bidault of France urged expansion of the European membership in the UNO, sayjng 13 countries in both western and eastern Europe were conspicuously absent. After the session he lold <i reporter Ihe coun- Iries wore Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Eire, Finland, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. Spokesmen for Syria and Lebanon, one-time French mandates dtlr- thal Truman's Hope for Preventing Bitter ClO-Steel War Fades Koreans in Demonstrations Against Allied Trusteeship for Their Country Today By ROBERT MYERS ®— Seoul, Korea, Jan. 19 (/P)— Bloody ioling flared in Seoul today as ighl wing Koreans renewed dem- onslralions against Allied truslee- ship for their country. Two Koreans were killed and nany were injured in an armed batlle al dawn between civil police md more than 200 persons, said o be members of the Korean stu- denls league which slarlcd Ihe dcmonslrations. More than 100 shots were fired ns police sought lo break up demonslralion at the rear of a the jovernor general's palace, occupied by Ll. Gen. John R. Hodge, American occupalion commander, was heavily damaged in a similar demonslralion New Year's day, was allacked again and heavily damaged Ihis morning. "Lei us face Ihe fads," hodge asked in his prepared radio stnle- menl. "The Soviet-American conference to arrange for alleviation of Korea's immediate problems now is in progress. The eyes of the world are on Korea. The world alieady knows Korea does not want 'Irusteeship.' There is no reason for further demonslralions. Cpnlinualion of demonslralions and disorders can only hurt the Korean cause." Last night's parade reached its -® Washington, Jan. 19 —(UP)— I Henry J. Kaiser, west coast industrialist and operator of the Fon- lana, Calif., steel plant, today signed a wage agreement with thd United Steelworkers (CIO). Kaiser announced his action after head USW President Philip Murray conferred at the White House wit hPresident Truman. He said he had accepted Mr. Truman's proposal for a steel wage increase of 19—1-2 cents an hour, which was rejected yesterday by the United States Steel Corp. U. S. Steel's rejection of the administration's proposed steel wage selllemenl had niade a general sleel slrike of 750,000 workers at midnight able. Sunday almost inevit- which claimed independence ing the war, served notice they expected Ihc organization to rid their countries of foreign troops if other means failed. Both Franc and Britain promised last month to withdraw their forces from the two levant stales, bul it was provided that France would hold garrisons in Lebanon "to guarantee security until such lime as the United Nations organization has decided on the organization of collective security in this zone." British troops had intervened after fighting between native forces and the French. o- $25,000,000 lo Puerto Rican and Hawaiian producers for their 1U4U sugar .sent lo Ihis country. The higher ceiling, it was explained, would not fully cover the price promises to these territories. , since early in the war, sugar I from the islands has cost this coun- Ceiling Price on Lumber in Pulaski Co. Little Rock, Jan. in — (/P)— A dollars-and-cents coiling price order affecling building materials, cffec liv-p immediately in Pulaski coun ty, was issued by the Olficc oi Price Administralion today. Indicating lhal ceilings would bo affected in other areas of the slate later, (he Dislricl Office of OPA s:ud it, was hoped thai a more cf- feclive conlrol over prices building materials would be try more than thai boughl al retail stores under OPA ceilings. The government has been making up ihe deficit in the form of subsidies. In other words, Ihe $25,000,000 in subsidies for Ihc territorial sugar would have to be paid even if producer prices had not been increased. Officials said thai should Congress fail lo grant aulhorily for Ihc territorial subsidy the government would have to raise consumer prices still more, possibly between one-fourth and one-half cenl a pound. and Hempstead had 2.801 family These cuiinties members of the 33,611 in in 1945. Arkansas Farm Bureau The word mausoleum derives Lillle Rock, Jaa 10 — Arkansas' forest, nursery in Nevada county can fill no more orders until fall, Ihe Resources and De- velopmcnl Commission reports. The nursery, with an annual ca- pacily eif 10,000,000 seedlings, is unable lo meet the demand, explained Fred Lang, director of the commission's forestry division. An unfavorable growing season and abnormal demands on the nursery exhausted Ihe supply this year before all request could be filled, he said. With the exception of 10,000 seedlings which went to the Louisiana property of International Paper foi pro vicicd through these ceilings. The. ceilings are designed lo cut the cost of home construction in Arkansas. Previous ceilings for bulletin materials were determined undei a formula which made il difficult for purchasers to calculate prices OPA explained. The ceiling ordered in Pulask county includ: Gypsum Lath, 3-li inch, $20 pel thousand sejuarc feet; face brick rough texluro red, $30 per thou .sand; concrete block, i! by 8 by 1U inches slag, $150 per thousand gypsum wallboard, 3-8 inch, $40 pe .housand squrc feel; asphalt shing !es. 210 pounds, $1112 per hundrec •jejuarc feel; asphalt shingles, 10 pounds, hexagon, $4.tiO per hundre cloth, 1 by H inclidt bTasili, $3.00 per hundred sejuarc reel, mid paper backed .hcrmal insululKni, baits, four inches thick, $70 per thousand square feet. A statewide dollars-and-cenls ceiling previously had been clamped on yellow pine lumber. OPA also is studying early estab from King Mausolus to whom a j Company for ullimale consumption monument was erected after his in ils Arkansas planls, Lang said death by his wife, Queen Artemisia, the entire production this year in 353 B. C. was being distributed in this stale. uiiu jur, uiCJ*~a. t Korean police, handling their c 'irst big job withoul assistance, ar- \ rested 119 Koreans. i Americans were neilher molested nor threatened during the sporadic i outbursls,- which began last night. There were indications the dom- onslralio'n was organized lo impress Ihe visiling soviel delegates lo Ihe Russo-American Iruslecship parley. Hodge demanded ccssalion of such aclivilies in a radio appeal Ihis afternoon. uimax ai nisioric ai.asi *craie, wnerc i >ne man was shol and a woman was injured in a melee in which c il leasl 13 shols were fired. i The general feeling among j- American observers was lhal the s mli-lruslecship theme was a blind a or the real slrugglc — a bailie oclwccn righl and lefl wings. . Maj. Gen. Archer L. Lerch, new , governor general, declared in a slalement "I am warning you thai ;; he conslanl quarreling among ^ yourselves and conslanl clamor, •aging and pclilioning against a I Trouble began wilh a parade lasl trusteeship arc hurling your cause l nigh t. Demonstrating studenl badly." groups marched pasl the Russian He pointed oul lhal the Russo- Consulale, U. S. 24th Army Corps American commission is working ! Headquarters and the Chosen hotel, in a room whose windows overlook • headquarters of the Soviet and the broad streel where Ihe dem- American leaders. lonslralions occurred and added: Banners and placards carried "The Russians and Americans inscriptions denouncing trusteeship arc practical men. They know the although no trusteeship yet has value of work. When they see big been established under terms of strong men and women standing the recent Moscow pact and pro- on Ihe slrecl all day waving a flag visions for selling up such a trust' Ihey wonder jusl how much Ko- arc indefinite. reans are interested in economic The newspaper Inmin Bo, organ recovery XXX and if Koreans of the Leftist People's party, which are ready for independence." Sunday Meat, ; . »/• •' , _,. •' • ;j-.M _ • - •• - • ••* -• -i ...... - - ->,*l i ^* , • -'--~ • ,, -:-J f -•••'. F ••, Problem for Nation Chicago, Jan. 19 —(/I 1 )— The meal dish for Sunday's dinner posed d problem for many of the nation's housewives today as the slrike of 263,000 CIO and AFL meal industry workers moved inlo ils fourth day. Although government altempls at conciliation continued, no one expressed any hope of an immediate selllemenl. The nexl federal allcmpl to end the walkout, which is steadily de- jleling reserve stocks in the country's larder, will come Tuesday with the openings of public hearings here before a facl finding Jourd. A series of government sponsored conferences in Washington ended yesterday wilh no agreement. In the meantime .retail dealers throughout the nulion reported 1 conditions approaching wartime shortages. Stockyard receipts ; dropped sharply and indications ' were that Ihe smaller packing com" panics, nol affected by Ihc strike, - could not begin to handle the dc- TI n 1 1 d Poultry and .fish were available as meat substitutes in generous quanlilics and markels in some cities offered luxury items like joned venison at $1.75 a pound and pheasants al $3 a pound. Now York appeared hardest hit. A meal trade institute spokesman [here said stored meal supplies iad been exhausted. Independents were expected to supply from 15 . to 25 per cenl of Ihe normal sup• ply. Kansas City butchers hud only . fish and poultry to offer. The OPA reoortod widespread j; over-ceiling charges in Metropolitan New Jersey, as much as 54 n cents ii pound loo high, and in P Ballimorc Ihe two largest indepeiid- V out packers ceased slaughtering, . saying Ihey couldn't buy live catlic r at ceiling prices. An acuic shortage was predicted u in inosl centers by Monday with ;i c few exceptions. Detroil rep'orled no . slrike and no shortage*, while al Lexington, Ky., Hie supply was ^ normal with only two of 13 pack,. ing houses out. New Mexico was I another bright spot wilh unorganized independent packers continuing normal operations. i Seattle said independents woule keep up market stocks. Most Wesi r Coast cities suffered cuts of 25 to kj 50 per cent from normal supply il and in San Francisco bakers, dc- 2 pendent on midwest fats, were ex; peeled to be affected in a lew (• days. j. Cause of the strike and the eon- d sequent meal shortage is a CIO de- 7 mand for a wage increase of 17 d 1-2 coins wilh a further increase of 1 1 -'•) I'pnti; 1 11 lir. 1 , nd(\i ! ., * f,f ixirnmel j^Aov be Asked More Questions By JOHN L. CUTTER Washinglon, Jan. 19 — (UP) — Rear Adm. Husband E. Kimmel nay be asked loday whether he still believes he and Gen. Walter C. Short were victims of a "deliberate smear campaign." Rep. John W. Murphy, D., Pa., iad the queslion ready for the former Pacific fleel commander as ie was recalled lo Ihe sland for Lho fiflh day al Congress' Pearl Harbor inquiry. "If there are any smear campaigns," Murphy said, "they ought LO be exposed." Kimmel teslified before Ihc lavy's Pearl Harbor board in 1944 thai reports he and Short failed lo cooperate in defense of the Hawaiian base were "malicious lies." Short was in charge of Pearl Harbor army defenses. Kimmel added lhal he had been 'forced to the conclusion that this was part of a deliberate campaigi lo smear me and Gen. Short" Murphy lold newsmen he intended to ask "in great detail" about extent of the "friendly relations" prevailing between the army and navy commanders al Ihe lime of Ihe allack. "The Roberts commission criticized lliem," lie said, "and they criticized the Roberts commission. 1 want lo find oul aboul il." In his opening statement before Hie cominitec, Kimmel said thai although his relations with Short once had been "the subject of considerable confusion in Ihe public mind," il has been eslablished now lhal "our official and social rela- lions were friendly." Murphy noted lhal Short had lold by both Short and Kimmel during had excerpts from testimony given commander will follow Kimmel to the army board he felt the danger of attack was "much less" when Kimmel had naval task forces out al sea. Bul when a questioner asked Short if lie "checked up" on Ihe number of ships oul, Ihe general replied: "1 would say frankly that I imagine that as a senior admiral, Kimmel would have resented it if I tried to have him report every time a ship went in or oul." Murphy observed that he wasn't sure just how cordial their relations could have been if Short "didn't want to hurt Kimmel's feelings by asking for details." The blunt, crusty Kimmel, who was relieved of his command 10 days after Ihe allack, testified yesterday thai Short told him the army radar was working "and that suited me." Kaiser handed reporters 'a staler merit saying he had gone to the White House "as an American who believes in his country." "The president's proposal which I have accepted was made by him in utmosl sincerity with an understanding of the human relationships and economic factors that are essential to a prosperous nation," he said. "As I understand th& principle of collective bargaining, aq established by law, it means that all parties have an obligation to find a basis on which they mutually agree. "I have signed this agreement .oday in the belief that it will have the support of the people of America. I believe this because I cannot conceive that a sum of 3 1-2 cents should be permitted to destroy the possibility of real peace and prosperity for the nation". The 3 1-2 cents to which Kaiser referred was the difference between President Truman's wage proposal and the 15 cents offered by the 'U. S. Steel Corp. '.'.The public should know that the agreement signed today covers the operation of the largest steel plant on the Pacific coast," Kaiser said. "The president already has assured the nation and the steel industry that the administration has and will continue to be fair and equitable in its steel pricing policy and I have the utmost confidence that he will fulfill every obligation to both sides." There was no immediate indicm tion as tothe possible eifeci - of Kaiser's", action' oh" the"' general steel wage deadlock. Employing between 3,000 and 4,000 workers, his Fontana plant is, a relatively small factor in the basic steel industry which has a total payroll of more than 450,000 employees. Kaiser said he had'told the president that he had "sufficient faith in this great nation to humbly take the lead in peace — as I endeavored to do in- war —in helping our people and our world establish the sincere and honest relationships which these critical times require." Washington, Jan. 19 — (UP)— President Truman's hope of preventing a bitter labor-management war was fading fast today. A nationwide strike of 750,000 CIO steclworkers was scheduled officially for midnight Sunday. But for all practical purposes it already was underway. The walkout'had. begun at Pittsburgh where Jones Laughlin, negotiated jhousc Workers have asked for an increase of 15 cents. Highest offer made by the packers has been 10 cents an'hour. STATE BOTTLERS MEET Little Rock, Jan. 17 —(.1't — Sugar • and how lo gel more of il — was the main lopic of discussion lishmcnt of ceilings on all import- today at ihc^ annual ^onfcrcncc^ of ant types of lumber for home con- " " ' ""'" '" J struction. The annual consumption of milk in all forms, including butter and cheese, ranges from about one gallon for the average person in Japan to 80 in the United Stales, Belgium and Germany and 144 in Finland. "Admiral," Sen. Scott Lucas, D., 111., pressed him, "in view of the deficiencies and inadequacies and vulnerabilities of the fleel, wasn't it almost your duty to find oul when the radar was working?" "1 thought 1 knew," Kimmc' boomed. "You must trust some body. You can't do everything." When Lucas remarked thai he Arkansas Bottlers of" Carbonated i "couldn't understand why you and Beverages. About 150 bottlers and 7!5 representatives of supply firms were regis~red for the meeting. C. Howard Moore, secretary-treasurer of the organization, said resolutions on sugar allocation would be considered. Short didn't have a'better under standing" on the radar system, the admiral retorted: "I might answer thai by sayinj that when you know something— and you don't really know it — you're in a bad way. I thought knew." giant independent producer, was hit by a wildcat strike that was expected to affect some 9,000 workers and shut down all operations by today. Approximately 2,500 Steelworkers had left their jobs at the Pittsburg, Calif., plant of the Columbia Steel Co. What Hope remained was tied to Ihe possibility that the United Stales Steel Corp. would reconsider and accept Mr. Truman's proposal for an 18 1-2 cent hourly wage increase. His advisers admitted they did not expect this to happen. Philip Murray, president of the United Steelworkers (CIO), said ftcr the company's rejection lhat IB strike "must, take place" at 2:01 a. m. Monday. The union had ccepted Ihe president's wage pro- osal shortly before yesterday's oon deadline. Because of the preparations to e made for a shutdown, tonight /as considered the deadline for verling the walkout. The administration had pinned it's opes for labor peace almost com- Jlelely on a settlement of the steel Isipute. It gave relatively little attention o strikes this week of 200,000 elec- rical workers and nearly 300 000 packinghouse Workers. It also argely ignored General Motors' efusal to grant a government-proposed 19 1-2 cent wage increase to 75,000 Striking Auto Workers. Administration leaders plainly ere startled and dismayed by the corporation action. They feared hat a steel slrike would push the lation into a period of bitter in- luslrial strike that would slow down reconversion dangerously. Although only U. S. steel has seen directly involved in the nego- iations, the scheduled strike would affect 86 basic steel companies and Kindreds of steel fabricating and aluminum plants and small companies. President Truman emphasized Ihe seriousness of the situation when he said a steel strike would "be fell in practically ..•> ?ry major industry in the United States." "It will hamper our reconversion feffort," he said. "It will stall our attempts to establish a sound economy to which our veetrans can return. Us repercussions will be f'.H all over the country for a long time to come." Meanwhile, the civilian production moved to conserve available steel stockpiles for essential needs by setting up a voluntary rationing program Administrator John D. Small said that if the voluntary plan Continued On Page Four

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