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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAS1 ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO, 83 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS- TUESDAY, JUNE 29, 1954 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPY FIVE CENH Eisenhower, Churchill End Five-DayTalks Some Differences Resolved; Many Issues Still Unsettled By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower and Prime Minister Churchill ended their five-day Washington talks today after overcoming some British-American differences on stopping communism in Southeast Asia. But they left many issues unsettled. The last meeting of the 79-year- old Prime Minister and the , 63- year-old President, who have found their peacetime cooperation more difficult than their wartime comradeship of 10 years ago, ended at 12:15 p.m. (EDT). Eisenhower walked with Churchill from the east entrance of his office across a porch and down a flagstone path through the south lawn of the White House to the Prime,Minister's waiting car. Warm Goodbye The two men shook hands warmly and Churchill told the President, "Goodbye and good luck." "The same to you." said' Eisenhower with a friendly smile, "and I'll send those documents over in 30 minutes." • A moment later, as Churchill hunched back into the deep seat of the black British limousine, Eisenhower told him: ''Goodbye— give my love to all the family." Members of the Presidents' office staff stood along the curving pathway as the two men walked co the car and some could not help speculating whether this was Churcnill's last visit to the United States as the leader of the British government. He has appeared at times to throw the spotlight on Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden deliberately. Toll of Years At 79, Churchill has pulled through grave illnesses and though he was amazingly vigorous for a man of his years it was apparent in his slow movements, hunched shoulders and flat-footed walk that the years have taken their toll of his strength. The final Eisenhower-Churchill | talk lasted about 45 minutes. Churchill, puffing a big cigar, arrived before the executive entrance of the west wing of the Good old Winnie" they called, j white House on the dot of 11:30 remembering his American mother a ; m c ij m bed out of his limousine, and his many visits—this was the ninth just since Pearl Harbor day in 1941. Last Look at Bulldog 1 Winnie'? By WARREN OGEES JR. WASHINGTON m — They came -,by the hundreds to have a look at him—perhaps the last — and he obliged with all the rugged grace of a mellowed old bulldog. They cheered and applauded from the picket fence of the White House to the sleek lobby of the Hotel Statler to the austere gates of the British Embassy. "Attaboy, Churchill" they cried, forgetting his knighthood, his 79 years and the decorum due the Prime Minister of Great Britain. They cheered the man and the symbol—the living pink and white, brandy - nipping, cigar - chomping legend of British-American solidarity. Quotes Himself "I am quite certain." he told them at a luncheon news conference yesterday, "that half the evils of the world can be prevented by our going hand-in-hand together and, if necessary, standing shoulder to shoulder." The crowd of newsmen and women applauded and laughed as Churchill chuckled through another of what he called "one of my regular luncheons with the Washington press corps." As he worked through the questions, he quoted from a speech he had made years before in England. Quoting yourself, he confided, was a good idea. It not only saved you the trouble of making up something new—"also it shows what a far-sighted politician you are." marched through the halls and lobby into the President's office. A short time later the two government chiefs were joined by Secretary of State Dulles and British Foreign Secretary Eden. Their meeting was to be followed by release of a statement of principles "underlying: the policies of our two countries." It seemed certain to stress fundamental unity of purpose and interest. RECEIVES EAGLE AWARD — Gary Weinberg last night achieved Scouting's highest honor when he received his Eagle Scout award at a District Court of Honor at Leachville's First Baptist Church. Pinning the badge on him is his mother, Mrs. Louis Weinberg. Looking on are J. D. Wells. Mayor Weinberg and F. L. McHaney. (Courier News Photo) Ike's Forces Appeal For Farm Plan Support WASHINGTON (AP) — Facing a rugged fight in the House, -the Eisenhower administration has appealed to the country at large for support of its farm program pegged to flexible instead of high, rigid price props. Vice President Nixon and Sec-* — Eagle Awarded At Leachville 2nd Resignation Hits Guatemalan Regime Diaz Quits as Rebels Demand 'Unconditional Surrender' SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador (AP) — The Guatemalan government radio today reported the'resignation of the regime headed by Col. Carlos Enrique Diaz, who had taken over from President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman Sunday night. , . . The announcement came after Col. Castillo Armas, leader of the anti-Communist rebeli in the Guatemalan war, demanded "unconditional surrender" of the junta headed by Enriqut Diaz. ._ The Guatemalan broadcast said * —— ' Jose A. Sanchez, another member of the three-man junta which succeeded Arbenz, had also quit. It said Alfred H. Monzon. who was the third member of the juntA headed by Enrique Diaz, now heads At Housing Probt— Late Bulletin— MEXICO CITY W — A diplomatic source in Guatemala City reported today that arrangements were being completed for n cease-fire in Guatemala. Ousted FHA Official Refuses Questions WASHINGTON (AP) — Clyde L. Powell, ousted former top official of the FHA, today refused to answer questions by senators investigating million-dollar "windfall" profits * nf builders of government-backed apartment projects. for French Leave Viet Nam Post To Vietminh SAIGON, Indochina — The French today announced abandonment of a strong point in central Viet Nam and admitted two days of Vietminh ambushes had mauled their withdrawing troops badly. The high command said French There was general agreement | anc j Vietnamese forces pulled out that he had lost none of his power last Friday f rom An Khe, 250 miles over words — nor his charm with j nor theast of Saigon and 40 miles people. west of the China Sea coast. It retary of Agriculture Benson appeared together last night on a nationwide radio broadcast in which Benson stated: "The present farm program is unfair to both farmers and taxpayers, and that's why the administration has asked Congress to correct the faults of the law." Benson said it is not true—as some have charged—that the administration is proposing changes in the nation's basic farm law that would lead to reduced ~ farm income. Nixon said continuation of the present program, and its high-level supports would be "the height of irresponsibility." Extension Asked The two administration leaders went on the air at the request of President Eisenhower as the House moved toward consideration later this week of a bill providing, not for flexible supports, but for a one- year extension of the present war- born system of props at 90 per cent of parity for corn, cotton, wheat, rice, peanuts and tobacco. Across the Capitol, the Senate Agriculture Committee also has urged another year of rigid, high $rops, but the House will act on ihe farm legislation first. • Proponents of extension of inflexible farm price floors will have their inning with the public tomorrow night in a 8:45 p. m. (CST> broadcast. Their case will be put forth by Chairman Hope (R-Kas) of the House Agriculture Committee and Rep. Cooley (D-NC), its ranking Democrat. Nixon, stressing the surplus problem, said the present program has piled up stocks costing 6' 2 billion dollars and led to crop storage charges running to 250 million dol~ Labor Survey Stations Are Listed Schedule of stations'for Leachville's labor survey teams was released today by Leroy Carter. Leachville Chamber of Commerce industrial committee chairman. Leachville's Chamber is conducting a labor survey in 11 towns to determine amount of available labor. The Chamber is negotiating xvith an industry which is interested in locating a plant at Leachville. Persons, -male or female, skilled or unskilled, who might be interested in working in a Leachville plant, are urged to get in touch with interviewers at these places between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. on Saturday: Dell — Boy Scout, Hut, Manila — Howard Funeral Home. Monette — City Hall. Black Oak — Theater. Lake City — Court House. Caraway — City Hall. Arbyrd — Community Center. C a r d w e 11 — Howard Funeral Home. Hornersville — Hornersville Feed and Seed Store. Senath — Howard Funeral Home. Leachville — High School Building. Eighteen Boy Scouts received advancement in rank last night, at the Court of Honor held at the First Baptist Church in Leachville. Gary Weinberg, son of Mayor and Mrs- Louis Weinberg, received the rank of Eagle Scout on his 16th birthday. Gary, a high school student, has been a Scout for three years and is a charter member of Leachville Troop 42. Banquet by Moms Taking part in the Court of Honor with Troop 42 was Troop 52 from j mns . They added the new govern- Delfore. i ment announced political amnesty Preceding the court, which was j for all anti-Communists who had held in the church auditorium, a banquet was given by the scout mothers in the recreation hall of the church. All preparation for the banquet and decorations were furnished by the mothers. Evacuation Of Laredo Pressed LAREDO, Tex. M—Police in this border citv hurriedly evacuated residcnts''t>f low areas today In the face of the Rio Grande's greatest flood. Police said an expected 40-foot crest would send flood waters boiling into the business secll:ii of this city of nearly 52,000. Across the steadily rising rampaging boundary river the twin Mexican city of Nuevo Lnredo abandoned attempts l.o sandbag; the levee. Workmen started moving been arrested by the Arbenz regiine-i- cveryth i ]1p possible, including the the new ruling group. The other two were listed as Jose Luis Salazar and Maurice Dubois. The rebels under Castillo Armas had threatened to keep up their fight against the regime bended by Diaz. The Guatemalan radio said, yesterday afternoon rebel planes had bombed Gautemala City, the capital. Then the station went off the air. A communique from the rebel headquarters made no mention of the bombing. Coup Reported Private advrjes reaching New York said the Diaz junta was overthrown in a coup by Col. Monzon. He was described as an anti-Communist. These advices said Monzon was expected to negotiate a settlement, of the civil war with Castillo Ar- and the end of censorship. Diaz, former army chief of staff, took over Sunday night after the of left- Arbenz Guzman. The new military regime army-forced resignation wing President. Jacobo Guest speaker for the court was I promptly outlawed the Communist Eric Wade, of Jonesboro, who spoke on the progress of youth. Men presenting awards and the number to each rank, for both troops, were Archie Pratt, five to tenderfoot; F. L. McHaney. 10 to second class; Bill Clare, two to party, but this failed to placate the anti-Red rebels driving toward the capital from the Honduras border. Roundup Started Associated Press Correspondent first class: Mayor Weinberg. one fro j j nck Rutledge. in. a dispatch from star; Dr. T. N. Rodman, four to j Guatemala City delayed 18 hours life; and J. D. Wolls. 43 merit by censorsrJ ip. reported that the badges. , j junta had started a roundup yest.er- day of Communists. He said two Red members of Parliament had taken refuge in the Mexican Embassy. He said among the first acts of the new military regime had been a shift in the top poice command, with Jo.se Luis Morales Melgar Joiner Legion Post to Host Rally Tomorrow population, to higher ground. Police expected the ivEt/srs to envelope the already closed International Bridge at any moment. Thousands Flee Thousands of people on both sides of the U.S.-Mexico boundary fled to the hills. Nearly 100 miles north of the Rio Grande, in the rich oil-and-cattle country of far west Texas, 14 persons were believed dead after flash floods swept throu/rlj Ozonn. Flood stapes 5 to 15 feet higher than ever before were expected in the border cities today. But an International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC) spokesman, It was the second time Powell refused to testify before the Senate Banking Committee. He based both his refusals on "my constitutional protection against being compelled to be a witness against myself." Powell, who was fired from the Federal Housing Agency (FHA) in April, is reported under investigation by the Justice Department. Sen. Byrd (D-Va) has described Powell as a "key official" in reports of gambling: losses by former top housing officials. In a letter to Atty. Gen. Brownell April 27, Byrd said Powell was "the key official with respect to over-evaluation of properties. . . resulting in windfalls of TOO million dollars or more." And, Byrd said. "It was Mr, Powell whos« losses in gambling first attracted the attention of the FBI." Other Developments Powell's refusal to testify highlighted' these other developments In the', second day of the banking committee's full-scale probe of housing scandals: 1. William F. McKenna, special clean-up deputy to Albert M. Cole, federal housing chief, said that Wilson W. Wyatt, former Truman administration housing expediter and close political ally of Adlai Stevenson, counseled apartment builders how to make windfall JOlNER-Smith Hughes Ameri-1 named to succeed Rogelio Cruz Rjo Wer as chief of the civil police and J. Antonio Saravia suppanting after a plane flight over the river, said: "How much the river will rise after this crest passes Is anybody's guess." The IWBC had lost contact with its gauging points north of Langtry, some 60 miles upstream from Del can Legion Post of Joiner will hold its annual fish fry dance and poli- And he looked indestructible, but | had been ir French hands since j lars a year. He said continuation of a program that encourages farmers to produce food which the government "then must buy with many watching him recalled he had already had two strokes and would be 30 next Dec. 3 and they kept asking themselves: "Is this the last time?" 469 Receive Chest X-Rrays Just one short of 470 persons received free chest X-rays at the mo- k ey~ French" post ~50 miles west of 1946. The French said their forces suffered "serious losses" in an all- day fight with the Communist-led j taxpayers' money to store ^ rebels'last Friday and more dam- unused does not make sense. age in actions continuing into Sunday. But the high command said j Vietminh claims of more than 1.000 casualties were greately exaggerated. On Sunday, the announcement said, the battered column finally reached the safety of Pleiku, a bile unit parked near Mississippi County Health Unit here yesterday. Technicians are putting persons through the unit at the rate of nearly two per minute. Thus far, there has been little waiting. Serving as registrars yesterday were the Mesdames Gordon Harris, L. O. Smotherman, Allen Pickard, J- W. Rayder, Kemper Bruton! Phillip Deer and Charles Czeschin. Weather An Khe. The French said scattered operations in the area were continuing. The high command said An Khe was abandoned in line with an over-all policy of regrouping the French forces in Indochina. But the withdrawal underlined Gen. Henri Navarre's admission earlier this month that a five-month campaign to smash the Vietminh in central Viet Nam had failed. Wilson Man Killed Near Sikeston SIKESTON, Mo. OP) - Lieg Rollman of Wilson, Ark., was killed and his wife was injured yesterday when their pickup truck and a tractor-trailer collided on U. S. 60 near Sikeston. The 47 - year - old logger was thrown from his machine and a wheel of the heavy tractor-trailer passed over him. His wife suffered a broken jaw and was taken to a hospital at Memphis. Tenn. M. J. Skinner of Winder. Ga.. driver of the tractor-trailer, caped injury. Osccolo Man Reports Night Gun Skirmish tical rally at Bassett Park tomorrow . Things are to get started at 5 Jaime Rosenberg as secret police chief. Arbenz. Rutledge said, was con- p.m. and are expected to continue ; fined under heavy guard yester- well into the night. Senatorial candidates Sid McMath and John McClellan have beon invited to the affair along with candidates for various county and district offices. New officers of the post include OSCEOLA-Snow Wilson, 19. re- j Malcolm Ralph , commander. James ported to onicers someone . shot < p 0 rd, vice commander; James at him while he was ridinc in his j Brownlee, adjutant; Bill Landrum, jeep along a lonely road behind the | finance officer: Charley Friend, levee last night, according to Police j historian: Jimmie Ed Bailey, post day to his private residence in the suburbs of Guatemala City, with an armored car stationed in front. However, the Guatemalan government radio in a broadcast later | yesterday said the ex-President was flying to exile in Argentina. The Argentine government announced in Buenos Aires last night that Arbenz's wife and two children had been given asylum in its Guatemala Citv embassy. within the next month Chief Jake Thrailkill I Investigation found no trace of | geant at arms, anyone ivho might have been in the woods, the chief said, a it hough two holes in the jeep windshield ' bear out the fact that two shots j were fired. Wilson told officers he emptied a .45 caliber automatic by firing bullets in the direction of the shots and heard a motorboat nearby. Several youths were picked' up j dents have been awarded regional last night for throwing stones at scholarships of $100 each at the houses from moving automobiles. University of Mississippi. The noise of the falling stones j They are Betty Lee Garrott and caused the occupants of the house | Samuel B. Owens, to call the police in belief that there j To be eligible for the scholar- es- j was a I said. ARKANSAS — Generally fair and hot this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday with only a few isolated thundershowers. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday; scattered afternoon and evening thunderstorms mostly northwest; continued hot and humid this afternoon. Maximum yesterday—I03. Minimum this morning—75. Sunset today—7:17. Sunrise tomorrow—4:30. Mean temperature (midway between High and low)— 96. Precipitation 1m 24 houm to 7:00 a.m. wxuy—now. precipitation Jan. 1 to dat»—25.54. f hit Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—93. Minimum this morning—76. Precipitation January 1 to date- 30.49. Dragon 'Swallows' Sun at Dawn Tomorrow officer; Jim Speck, ser-j Rutledge messaged that develop_ arms. J ments in the capital yesterday These" officers are to be installed j were "so rapid that general confusion reigns" He said censorship, lifted Sunday night after Arbenz's resignation, had been clamped back on tight, "due mainly to the confusion." Conference Scheduled He said U. S. Ambassador John Peuriloy was scheduled to confer with Diaz sometime yesterday. Arbenz's broadcast Sunday announcing his resignation named Diaz as "provisional President," Rutledge wrote. "However, the junta really is in control," he said. He said the capital was blacked out Sunday night after Arbenz's broadcast and sporadic shooting occurred throughout the city. See GUATEMALA on Paife 1« Local Students Get Scholarships Two Blytheville high school stu- prowler, Chief Thrailkill j ships, graduating seniors must, be in the upper third of their class. By ALTIN L. BLAKESLEE NEW YORK (.4*)—A dragon swallows the sun tomorow morning. This at least was one ancient superstitious explanation of what millions Of Americans should be able to see soon after dawn—a total eclipse of the sun or good portion of it. Th great celestial show, practically the last one this century for many Americans, will be reserved for early risers. The full blackout, or tx>tal eclipse, will be viewed only by persons in a belt 68 to 96 miles wide from Holt County, Nebr., and extending through South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan, in the United States. Minneapolis and St. Paul are the only major cities in the path. But other millions should catch a good portion of it if the weather is kind—a 74 per cent bite out of the sun in New York, about 85 per cent in Chicago, 82 in St. Louis, 91 in Denver, 71 in Atlanta, 75 in Washington and 86 per cent in Tallahassee, Pla. Tar Westerners will miss out entirely, The total eclipse begins at: 6:07 t.m. (EST) near O'Neill, Nebr., and then the shadow of the moon will race across the earth at a speed of 3,000 miles per hour. It will dart through Canada, Labrador, the tip of Greenland, Norway, Sweden. Russia and Pakistan, with a black sun setting in India 2-fi hours later. At Minneapolis,' the sun will rise with the moon already taking a p'ece out of the sun, and the tot P.! eclipse wil Irccur there about 20 second* alter it IMginl in Nebraska. Totality at the Twin Cities will last about 75 seconds. Mid-eclipse for New Yorkers will occur at 6 a.m. EST with the partial disappearance of the sun actually beginning nearly an hour earlier, and the last remnant of the eclipse finished about 7 a.m. EST A 'stern warning comes from medical experts and astronomers not to look at the eclipse through ordinary sun glasses, at the risk of serious eye damage You must use heavily smoked glass, welder's* glasses, or strongly exposed photographic film. Be careful especially of children's eye*. TV will cover the show, NBC and CBS are sharing facilities to telecast from Minneapolis, Chicago and »\v York on the NBC show "Today" and OBS' "Morning Show." Repeat showings on film are scheduled later in the day. Hundreds of astronomers will work from dozens of sites over the world, and from airplanes flying in the path of totality. Astronomers will concentrate on studies of the corona, the sun's outer shell of gas, the jet-like prominences or tongues of hydrogen gas, the zodicial light of sky- glow believed due to sunlight reflected from dust masses near the sun, and check how much the sun's graivty bends light coining from other stars and passing near the sun. The next two total eclipses visible in parts of the United States this century will be one in parts of New England on Get. r>. 1059, and one in mid-Florida March 7, I860. Thousands Homeless Back of the picturesque border river's churning, debris-laden crest were shattered bridges, flooded towns and washed-out railroads and highways. Thousands were forced from their homes, but—except for tragedy-ridden Ozona— there had been no loss of life reported. River-wise city folks quickly evacuated their homes. Farmers had been warned and. joined the thousands in the Mexican hills. Much of the Mexican side of the river is lower than the U.S. side. The rains, some up to 22 inches were spawned by last week's Hurricane Alice, which lashed the Texas-Mexican Gulf Coast for 12 hours last Friday. payment. 2. McKenna also charged that the FHA refused to police the Fair Labor Standards Act and other laws setting out minimum wages and working conditions for construction workers on apartment projects. Powell appeared before the Senate Banking Committee on April 19. but he declined to answer any questions and claimed the protection of the Fifth Amendment against possible self-incrimination. A new subpoena was served on him yesterday as the Committee opened a full-dress investigation of the housing scandals. District Is Leader In Boy Scouts North Mississippi County District of Boy Scouts still leads Eastern Arkansas Council in percentage of boys reached in its scouting program. That was revealed at a meeting of the executive council of the East- SM ^-^ r >-, r DAi ssr ^sro^r^ ico hurriedly marshaled forces to combat the mad waters. The U.S. 4th Army flew field kitchens, cots, blankets and clothing to flood- harried towns. July 4 Traffic To// Expected to Reach 430 CHICAGO M*)—The National Safety Council predicted today the coming', weekend will produce the worst July 4 traffic jam in history and said 430 persons may not escape it alive. The three-day holiday weekend is expected to attract more than 40 million cars to the highways. "More travel does not have to mean more accidents if every driver uses more caution,' Ned H. Dearborne, council president, said. "Let's make this holiday a wre- one." FPC Co/nm/ss/onerNamed WASHINGTON <JP) - President Eisenhower today nominated Frederick Stueck of St. Louis, 48-year- old Republican attorney, to a five- year term on the Federal Power Commission. Stueck once was executive secretary to former Gov. Forrest Donnell of Missouri. He will replace Dale E. Doty, whose term expired. Cleveland and Bill Clare. A total of 12 percent of eligible boys are reached in the district, as compared to a, council-wide average of 7.7 percent. The district also leads in advancement, having issued a total of 187 merit badges during the first half of the year as compared to 87 for the runnerup district. At the regular mid-year meeting, it was pointed out that lack of adult leadership prevented the district carrying its program even further. Of the council's $50,000 budget for the coming year, North Mississippi County $6,000. District will contribute' New Pacific Air Force Formed WASHINGTON (fh- A Pacific Air Force is being formed to take command over all United State* Air Force installations and personnel in the vast ocean area from Hawaii to the boundaries of the Far East theater of "operations. Commanding the Pacific Air Force, which is to become perative next month, will be Maj. Gen. Sory Smith, now director of public relations for the Air Force. This will be the first single command for air forces in th« Pacific since World War H. During the war, combat and transport operations in the central Pacific were under control of the 7th Air Force. Tht over-all miliury command of the Pacific, under the unified setup, is held by Adm. Felix Stump, Commander-in-chief of tht Pacific Fleet and director of combined Army-Navy-Air Forces. The Army commander for the Pacific is Maj. Gen. Clark L. Ruffner. Until now, there,had been no Air Force command. It is planned that all U.S Air Force bases in Hawaii, central and southwestern Pacific ialands aad Smith's command. Planet and per- westward on mission* or assignments to Southeast A»ia also coma uadcr him.