Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 17, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, January 17, 1946
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,*. w ..s^v»i*w^-v*lW»ai**«*l»««*e4!^ Page Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Housewives Can Get Eggs, Poultry, Fish By United Press n \ it red of it, but hOlli>e\\ It 1 i r t 'i neat > nkt L.H i 1 AP to-ni 10 v A United "• i majoi iitit '•ill in,hoi L t M meat si} pht \ i \itian i ! u stibstit lit i t i Tne Dt u i i i W. ht , •> i t -. n s'ot i. 1.1 otigh poul- i K.t Li> going lor fu impending out on sched- Wodncsdoy, January 16, 1946 -® White House Plans Postwar Expansion be dn\ p<. i •> l neai id 1 said .1 id i Chtt^L pi d i adeq' ate H i .ks >• \voul i 01 * \vheie it.' u i prc «.' H in , 1 Ul K I J \\culd t two A n i Tin Spokt- 1 1 warned _ i v. \s itn '1 til aoub LI v able qi i u i black n • k t The an- 11 small c m; a stuke co a * demand. Hert. 3 * "\i of *ht. LIC i K whose. 2ft 00" T i alerted 10 s i 1 " (local i. n c> H -M. i \iy of the id th it a pai-k- i i J shut off i -\ week to ci- 0 i l ,at meat ail-time high. \ u-uiture in eii lhat nu'at -nil. bly could 1 en to 10- i M i -:s are at ' L department ii are "fair." \ \i-. arc in- m n mil ".ceds. u r.eatstrike i » -i i u H centers. t tv e port ed a I i ii.. Denver ii td the citv meatless" n t i . i ( institute, l i industry, .interference i meat "un- 1 i. cor.sider- \ v. at into the i i en I the icw i united by the to the ti ' 10 a t lit* director i u workers, have been r 01 a. m. said firms remain n-, i t c\ u accounted foi o-h 04'' t iO ut-i cent of of thti ouiput 'it. id d was car- the o\ei U s i j 1^1. majority rnaiK^d fot t i 11 n t u t navy and ' hospitals. ws Attack by Senators By J. W. DAViS . Washing;.;n. Jan. l~i—-f<— Cotton state ser.tao;.;. r.r.gry at OPA's notice of proposed m'ice ceilings on the raw i'ib'jr. sa;il today this may : mean the end o:' the w.iole Office of Price Administration. OPA is due to expire- June 30 — unless Congress votes its continuance. "I told thorn!" Senator Johnston (D-SC) related to reporters, -'that I doubt very much that OPA will be in existence after June 30 if they put a price ceiling on cotton." From deep south Louisiana, Senator Ellendi-'r (D-Lai expressed a similar view, saying: "Well, OPA expires June :)0. The cotton crop in Louisiana is not •gathered until August, so it doesn't •matter very much what they say." OPA's announcement last night said ihe agency's advance notice simply puts it in a position to impose the controls if it finds them necessary. The announcement added that "it may not be actually necessar--- to out the ceilings into effect." " At Scott, Miss., Oscar Johnston, .president of the National Cotton Council, described the OPA action as a "precautionary measure not likely to be carried into operation." He termed cotton ceilings "unworkable and unenforceable." Southern senators blame present high, clothing orices on manufacturers and distributors, rather than on the cost of raw materials. Senator McCIeilan (D-Ark) said: "In doing this they arc jeopardizing the extension of the t>r:ce con- Proposed extension would be added here pornco reception rooms The President of the United States is so busy these days that his executive olives have proved loo small. So a large extension, shown in architect's sketch, above, is planned. T;.i» proposed addition would extend south of the present office building, along West Executive Avenue it would provide lo.OOO square feet of new office space for the President's executive assistant- and a lar«e clerical, force, now in quarters outside the White House. It will include an auditorium accommodating d.o persons, providing urgently needed facilities for ceremonies, press conferences, radio broadcasts and similar events. Construction is expected to start in the spring. Airview tbove shows present set-up of White House and auxiliary buildings This Curious World By William Ferguson is Nor WOOD Ar ALL.., AND /V£Vff5 WAS WOOD/ IT IS A FORA\ OF <2UARTZ THAT, AS THE WOOD SLOWLY DISINTEGRATED, DISPLACED IT CELL BY CELL, THUS RETAINING A LIKEtf?SS OF THE ORI6IMAL STRUCTURE. 'SOME PEOPLE GET ROUMD FROM EATIN6 SQUARE /MEAL S/' DENNIS CUMMINGS, IT 15 ESTIMATED • THATA POLYPHEMUS CATCRPJttAfc MUST SWIN6 ITS HEAD BACK AND FORTH 25O, OOO TIMES IN COPR. 1946 BY NEA SERVICE, INC. NEXT: Timing: a rattlesnake's strike. Checks Rheumatic! Recommends Mercy for Jap Admiral Talk Capitol Menu. Jan.. 15 — f/P>—A Ifiu-acrc uirm. 1-1 miles north of Mena, will be the site of a community enterprise. Fourche La Fave Farms, Inc., in which members will "work for thc community and share- in its production." An inc-c.-por.-ito-.- and the president of iho now enterprise is Dr. Vv'. K. ^euch. who was a founder of t'.ie now-closed Commonwealth col- which also was situated near i Mena. i Cumn.onweallh college closed in ' UMO because of financial tliffictil- tios. Its 17-voar history included a legislative investigation in which it was exonerated of advocating governmental change;; by "force | and violence" and assessment of i !i fine of 32.500 against it in justice •of the peace co-.irl in Mena on jchaiges of anarchy and failure Io Hy a United Slates flag. Il was founded at Llano Co-op- i eralive Colony, Xcwllano, La., in 1923, later moving to Arkansas. At Mobile, Ala., E. L. Rickey, i 70-year-old shipyard guard, who was listed as secretary-treasurer of Fourchc • La Fave, said Dr. i Zcuch was at the farm. Rickey i said it was hoped to make the I community ";;s self sufficient as | possible," adding that "everybody I will woi k for the community and | will get his just share of its produc- ' lion." A. E. Meyer was listed in thc I incorporation papers as general i manager. Admission Denied Negro Girl at OkSa. U. Lew School Norman. Okla.. Jan. '46 Champion Studebakeron Display Today The new HMO Skyway Studcbaker Champion Is now on display for the first time in Hope, at the Archer Motor Company at 114 West Third street. Mr. Archer said thc new Stude- bakcr Chnrnpions feature many outstanding improvements. New Air Curve beauty, alluring new colorings, smartly tailored upholstery and. fine fittings grace the interiors of these new Stuclebaker Champions. You'll find Studebaker's unique Climatizor comfortably heats and ventilates the entire car, automatic hill holder keeps the car from rolling back, tsvin lever steering gear simplifies parking, and double acting shock absorbers, extra-resilient leaf springs and self stabili- j zing independent planar front 1 wheel suspension assures you ;i restful ride on rough or smooth roads, Mr. Archer said. Listeners Favor News Casts First .Washington, Jan. 15 — (/1'i—News programs hold first interest with runl radio listeners. The Agriculture Department's -Uireau ol Agricultural Economics reported this to the Federal Communications Commission today, along with other information on ural America's listening habits. Based on interviews with '!2!Ki men and women in rural areas, the study showed that: About 2 rural women in 10 listen to their radios less than :2 hours a day. At least two out of 10 listen (i hours or more, and another 2 listen from 4 to 0 hours. Men listen much less. Four in 10 listen less than 2 hours a day. Men in different sections of the eounUy listen to the radio about the same amount of time. Among women, regional differences are pronounced. Western women do the most, southern women the least listening. While news held first position in all regions, there was no such agreement on other kinds of programs. Religious programs arc special favorites of the south. They rank somewhat lower in popularity in the north central states and are chosen by only half as many poo- pic in the west as in the south. Western men rate sports events and scores higher than do the men m other parts of the country. :580GI Loans Have Been Approved it Was Announced Little Rock, Jan. 14 —(/!>)— Veterans Administration Director James A. Winn has announced ap- n ,?, ! a ? 8 °, ^ranted loan for put chases of homes, farms and undcr thc G ' L ' s Here ! AKER COME IN AND SEE IT NOW! Skyway Style; Sludchakrr Cliam- pion! It's Iicre at la.sl in nil ils (^lean- lined, colorful, air-c'iirvc distinct ion — I lie best-looking ear ever designed to sell in ihe lowest price Held! Here's fre.sli, youthful, vigorous, lively, exciting heanly thai makes you proud to lie a Stiidehaker Champion owner as you (lash by! Hi 1 re's hrilliant SUidehukcr engineering Ihal gives you thrilling top performance amralmost unbelievable gas eeonoiuy every mile you drive! Here's sound, solid Stiidehaker falher- and-son craftsmanship Ihal fends off repair expense—and assures you u lop trade-in price for your Champion years from now! We haven't received anything like, a full stock of new Skyway Slyle Sludcbaker Champions just yet —hut -we cordially in- vile you to conic in now and get an eyeful of this stand-out among lowest price ears. MOTOR CO. 114 West 3rd Street HOPE, ARK. Phone 838 , ,* rp. , 1 INUIIIUIII. WlVld., .JUII. 1.1 l/l I 11 ln - ° - r '\° rn ,fM University of Oklahoma has ilenii errssi?,?!-^i-., H |Edn:l Loi: ' si P" cl - 21-year-old N tw^o in -m m,m ' sl '° K ' rl fmm ^.'iekasha, Okla., a. .. l ^ c " /t I 1 ''' i.r.ission to its law school. IS—(/I 1 )—The denied Nc- ad- Washington, Jan. sparsely settled | most rural congressional I in Arkansas has 'sessions of Congress sent interna- \ i: (! c,., 10 n,, M ,,,, 0 okl'.hom-i rrr-si tional-mindcd representatives to ; r ,^ ' o K t'° U "Naliona ' Assoe£ Uon Washington-^Suceessor_to tne rru>-., 01 . lho advancement of the colored If you suffer from rheurniitlo, arthrii's or neuritis i>:i!u, tr;. r this simple incxfH'nalvf; homo recipe lhat ihousiiudii :.fe u.-.ini;. Gt't a p^rk- age of Bn-Ex cunifouin!, a tw.-wc-rk sunplv. today. Mix it wlsli a <iu;.rt of water, niiil th.' JiUcc ol 4 lemons. It's ou3y. No trouhlo ut all and jiicnaar.t. You r.e.M <,nly :i tab!<'s;»™n- Juls two lirata a <hiy. Oitt-n v.ithtn -IS lu.ura •—sonu-.t1ir.rg o-.-uniijht — splomllil rr-si.lta an- obtained. If t!:c piiina i!o r.nt quirkly Icu-.c and If J-MIJ <Ii> n.it f«.l letter, irtiirn tho aa absolute jnfiacry-hacr; guuraiiteo. rui-l- 7 x Compound 13 Ic-r sale and recommended tiy JoliH K t..'.'u' ur.i! il.ii-- : !.>m L'vcrTM-h-;r.-. not only the Third interests but those of the q WP II in Federal district court asking Ihal ihe University be required Io admit h(.-:-. Dr. George L. Cross, University - ; preside:!!, said the schol's dnci- >i(,n \va.-; ba::c:d on Oklahoma slal- DRUG STORE Can Supply You With and supplies for FARM ANIMALS | Sydney, Jan. 15 — UP/ — Rear Ad- |rniral Hamanaka, convicled of pr- idering the execution of Australian i teori'c'''i5m"FL7lbriEht"' lames Wil- < , •, , , , ^., , i prisoners and mistreating others, n^ L Trimble of^Bcr/yv."^ for- ' ccar ' lc ' s; " d " R " on would bo fllcd ••was sentenced today to be snot i rner prosecuting attorney and :but an Australian militarv court judge OI - tnc Fourth judicial Cir- j re-commended mercy for him I cuit, has served j Ihe court accepted Hamanaka s i di«trict's | pica lhat ho would not have car-j 11E "ii on a !r:ed out the executions without or-j ,.' --, u.,.> jdeis from a superior authority I, (lt ls a coincidence that both ; u tes. prohibiting Negro students The admiral who said he studied ne nn " Senator Fulbright were | from attending white schools in the christened "James William". B;it|stale. Ihe senator is known Io his inti- ! ! mates as "Bill" whereas his some- i r iculu;re Committee has had hear| what older successor in the House j r , gs un u, e measure, but no rc- |is "Jim ) | )0j "!. on it has reached the House I His selection for a place on the p 0 r Labor Legislation I influential House Foreign Affairs On some oi the controversial !Committee was an unusual honor matters lhat will occupy Congress |for a fledgeling member of Con-| after the recess. Trimble has al, .... .._„ „ „ ui gi'ess. During the waryears. lend-[ ready made up his mind. He is in I the murder of an Australian prison-I leasc legislation involving billions : uvur ui lact-iinding panels in la- c-r near Meraukc, Dutch New! of ciollars was threshed out in the I bor dispules. lie endorses the gen- 'Guinea, March, 1945 and was sen- ! committee rooms; post-war Icgis- : jj- a l principle of full employment itenccd Io be shot jlalion fixing Ihe Uniied Stales' pol- i but is uncertain as to just where |icy in the atomic era became the j the line should bo drawn between I at an American naval academy n-d was assistant naval attache at Washington and Mexico City, |'houtecl in his defense "show me j where I'm guilty. Not one of tho witnesses has said anything against me." Cnidr. Baron Takasaki was : acquitted of a similar charge. Captain Kato was convicted of trol act. ff they are going to single out the cotlon farmer to squeeze ! down on him, we might just as well ' " i-.vipe out OPA. Last night's notice by OPA fulfills a legal requirement that growers be notified of planned price schedules at least 15 days in advance of the normal planting season, responsibility of committee mem-! bers. From their hands came ' UNRRA, with its charge to feed ! government intervention to insure full employment and private industry's efforts toward the same end- result. He fears that employment too readily ottered by Ihe government may have an adverse effecl on indusli'i'.d expansion and a hope thai trovenimeul, labor and man- ayement would all co-operale Io •attain iiv' yo-il As for legislation to make FEPC r ,, -- " .--• . i vuiuueu in me a strong scii:-e o: ' - J permanent a^'jnc'3', irimoie nas iC.ne.,u ; r Bowles said the rise of ; the obligation America has to the i'"ken his stand with all other Ar- CMtton prices -threatens Ihe whole ! worlcr it . surpr i ses him nut at all : kansas members of Congress, in aurjili/auon program in the cotton ; although it might be unexpected by opposition, ft would not accomplish i.,'.-.me iicm. 'some, to find his constituents gen-' ">c objectives us proponents pro.....v,!^ co n inue d increases ierally thinking right along wiihi claim and would, moreover, add would mean nigher prices for nim * on international problems i to the South's problems while it "ntr' n f , 3cn V les add f, d . that : °?, A Mr Trimble is not ietling the ! st-c-ks a solution, he insists intend, lo do everything m Us| Fol . ej g n Affairs Committee work i Tho congressman is uneiiuivocal- j interfere with his efforts in strictly ; ! i r '" lavor ot a merger of the and clothe the innocent victims 01 ; war, and the legislation which en- i i ables the United Stales to partici- | I pale in the Uniied Nations Organi-; ization i ! Constituents Approve I i Service on the committee, Con- ; T . ._._,. .iHrcssman Trimble says, "has dc-i In announcing it. Price Chiez j tx-loped in me a slroiiH sens-e of i I the obligation America hay to ihe; ; world" U surprises him nol al all, ; ! although it might be unexpected by some, to find his constituents gen- ; along with j on international problems i Phone For Animal VACCINES MEDICINES SYRINGES NEEDLES : power" to prevent this. j Ho asserted fabric manufacturers already are demanding higher •ceilings "because they say the high cost of cotton is wiping out ; their profits. Beware Coughs from common colds That Hang On Creqmulsion relieves promptly because it goes right to the seat of the ...„ ,„„_ _ v .,, „ trouble to help loosen and expel igues that his bill simply would -.-:•:germ laden phlegm, and aid nature | tend Ihe same kind of protection to soothe and heal raw, tender, in- <f w poultrv producers flamed bronchial mucous mera- ' Another' Trimble measure.- would branes. Tell your druggist to sell you i ,-equire seed growers to stamp <") a bottle of Creomulsipn with the Tin- Uhe package the region in which iSfv! 1 n gy °il mUStll ^ etheWayIt !*c seed is produce?!. Such K ^i,;'^^L & , ? yS the COUgh or you are lotion was suggested by some ! to have your money back. Third district farmers who discov- CIRtOMIII ^IftKI ered lh;U bc;jns «rown irom seed ^*i\i»WIYlUli.»J! V I^ imported from one part of the forCOUgOS,CnCStColds,Bronchitis countiy are more susceptiulL lo a i viiulenl rust than others. The A; local matters He has introduced, and is herd on, two bills of particular interest "back home" One. await- hearingi is designed to reimburse poultry farmers who were left with a chicken surplus when the army discontinued heavy buying. As Hie congressman sees it, the army had entered into an "implied" contract with the farmers, just as it signed written contracts with manufacturers and other suppliers-. The latter are protecled from heavy losses on inventories with little or no peacetime utility; Trimble ar- armed forces, but he is not so sure that compulsory military training should be adopted. He i.s inclined '.o favor iho American Legion program, calling for four months of i(.'i;.gh training, with the remain ir.g eight months of the trainee's year c..-.cd ior educating Ihe boy a college, on a farm or in industry. His approval is based not so much on the "need- for a national defense plan as on what he sees as the need of youth for an education which many cannul afford OF EXTERNAL CAUSE F.c-Hi'ina, noun piinpluH, simple ringworm, ('.•tier, milt• rheum. Uniipd (.I'lM'klioaUs), »iid uj-'l.v ln'jki'ii-'iiit, tkin. Millions rc.-- linvu Hrliiiii;, lujniing uiid Boreuesa of iiik.SLTuisci •i'-.iwiihrlii.s.siiuiili-liumo treatment, liluck iuid \\ liitu (JiiiUnont goc'9 to work at om-e. Aids !u>uliiig, works tho i:inii.-ii-ptic wny. 20 yostrs aii(";es3. 10c, '.'."}>•, S'li: f:i;''S. Pun-lui.* price ri-futidivl if you'io not Kilislird. IT.so only a.-) di- tfct<-i\. Vital iu i-!f!:j.:j:i-.j{ i.$ Koodsoap. Enjoy black and Whito .Skin Hoap daily. J Announcing the Opening o; m West 3rd Street f V V«J) » *ur B Va tof » I W Vrf t We lake this opportunity to invite you to visit us in our new location. Come in today and see the New 1946 Studebaker Champion on Display. A complete parts Department with Studebaker and other parts. You'll find experienced mechanics in our Service Department- always ready to help you, no matter how small or big the job may be. We will carry a complete stock of RCA Radios and Combinations. You'll find a model to fit your needs. New Skyway Style COME IN AND SEE !T TODAY n. Voice of Opinion ^- By Jnmcs Thrasher Orthographic Domshel This country and, presumably, the world are thickly peppered with little groups of people in a perpetual stale ot excitement over tilings that leave the rest of us cold. l''or instance, there are the group that favors counting by twelves instead of tens, the pcr- polual calendar enthusiasts, the into lion on. of a reluctant concession tiF sterner problems, most such organisations coasted during the war. Hut now the .shooting has slopped they are al il again al lop speed. And the current leader on the hit parade of scholarly fads is certainly the movement lor simplified Kiiglish spelling. Bernard Shaw revived Ihe movement 11 short time ago, and thc chain reaction which followed was practically atomic. The motion has been seconded almost daily by some learned doctor. (It is nolo- llnil it's tho natives who puuiai caienoai enmusiasis, i *\,i;u: Knglisli addicts. Kspoi ai Y"tis. soeielies for the prcserval ol barber shop singing, and HO Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: fair and a little warmer this afternoon, tonight and Friday, lowest temperatures 20-26 tonight. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—N0.79 Star of Hooe. 1899: Press. 1927 Consolidated January IS. I929. HOPE ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 17, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newsoaoor Enterorlsa Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Plants Half Slaughtering Operations By CLAIRE COX Chicago, Jan. 17 —(UPl — John Holmes, president of Swift Company, announced lodny thai the CIO packinghouse workers had reduced its original wage increase demand from 25 to 20—1-2 cents tin hour. Los Angeles Police Rout 1500 Electrical Workers From U.S.Motors Plant Chicago, Jnn. 17 Slaughtering operations (UP) — in plants are doing the kicking, not those who. learned Knglisl) late in life and have reason Io gripe.) Newspapers are printing more and more stories studded with what looks like an K-ycar-old's spelling. The simplified spelling movement is not only old but is, in a limited way, already a part ol our life. There an; .such obvious things, of course, as catalog for catalogue, program for programme, and so on. Hut that isn't all. Several newspapers have adopted tJjtu, iho, etc., as space-savers. (Logically they might, consider another, very ancient one—tne Old English single .symbol lor th, which looked something like a lower-case p.) in the world ol trade other sim- on. Most that sell theater advertise Bar-D-Q plilH-alions have caught of us have .seen shops Klassy Krcdil Klothcs, marquees that used to Bank Nile, and even stands. Vul in spite of these incursions, i\\\: I'Jnglish-speaking world general! v seems to be receiving the .suggestions ol reform in a mood rangiui; from indifference to helli- geriM'.ci:. Part of it may just be stubbornness and conventionality. But there i.s also a practical factor. Bernard Shaw saws simplified .spelling would save timu. He finds that, in tin; course of a minute, he can write bomb a third again as often as he can write bomb. But what about, the time wasted in changing uiir spdling habits? v .'t!Jscr.s of English, with the cx- Vo'ption of illiterates and graduates ot progressive schools, seem to manage pretty well with the old, inefficient, illogical, confusing spoil- inn. The conversion problem in breaking hundreds of instinctive spelling' habits would be terrific. We could bettor devote our energies to ensiling a world in which the temptation to u;;c the atomic bomb (with a final b) would no longer exist. Only when we can refer to it without fear can we honestly .say that we have time \< t , revamp our habits and orthography to a point where we can at*;, refer.Uo .this awesome .WPJI- poiV v ;Tfid pT-opeWy, as" the atomlk bom. France Asks Death for 22 Nazi Leaders' SA ob- f By JAMES F. KING NuiM-nborg, Jan. 17—1/1')— 1'rancc asked death today for the 22 ring li-isdiM-s of tin- Na/.i regime and for punishment of hundreds of thou sands of members of German ter or organi/alions. Fianco is Uc Menthol), wounded war veteran who is the French prosecutor, denounced Hillerism and all it stands for with a fervor that bi-ought Icar to the laces ol 'Hermann Cioering and other l>nsi)- Ai,r.s bclori: the international military tribunal. ••(..'iviliy.atinii rcquiri's from you after tliis unleashing of barbarism a verdict which will be a sort of .supreme warning," dc Mcnthon "''•'•Justice must strike those guilty ul the onle-rprisi! of barbarism from which we have just escaped. The rein of justice is the most exact expression ot great human hope Your decision can mark ;i decisive state in its difficult pur- Wit." . , W The chid i-'rcnch prosecutor said thai perhaps the punishment ol hundreds ol thousands of men who liclnnr-ed Io such terror orgam/a- t'idiis a:; the HS, the SU, Invalid Gestapo "awakens some jeelion" but warned: "Without the existence ol. tiic.se orgaiiizaliims, without the spirit which animated lliern, one would not succeed ill understanding how !,o nianv atrocities could have been iiei pi-trilled, 'ihe systematic war ol criiiiinalily could not have been uiiiTieil out l.-y Nax.i Germany wiln- iPd these ornani/.alions and without the men who composed them. ••The major Na/.i culprits had their orders carried out in divers Na/.i iirKiiuizalions which wp ask yon to declare criminal in order thai, each of their members may be anpiehended and punished." Ue Menthoh told the court that death sentences lor thc leaders and verdicts of guilty for the organizations "can serve as a foundation lor the moral uplift of the German people and the first stage tjV'ii integration into a ?Ti)f iree countries." ' His accusation ran the gamut ol German crimes. He said of 250,000 nei sons deported from France, only :-;;),001) returned. ! Arkansas Cripple Children Receive '" Check for $20,000 ' Little Rock, Jan. 17 —M'l— Mrs. hick C'arnes ol Camden today profited a $20,11(10 cheek to Governor La'nev for the Arkansas Crippled Child'rcii's Association of wliicn the fif the big four"meat packers were Hailed today as representatives ot the industry and the two striking union;; met in Washington at the rcquosl of President 1'ruman, an- xiou.s to avert a meat famine. Little hope was held for an early settlement of the widespread work stoppage, called to prcess demands for more pay to offset increased living costs and reduced peacetime earnings. As their union leaders responded to the presidential summons, nearly 300,000 AFL and CIO striking packing house workers were idle. Pickets maintained endless vigil around the nation's big meat plants and .stockyards. Strike captains termed thc walkout 100 per cent effective. Despite mass picket lines, there was virtually no disorder. Thc only reported violence was at Kansas City, Kan., where tension ran high outside a Swift Co. plant, employing members of an indepcnd out, non-Ktriking .union. A Swift Co. official said he had been forcibly kept by CIO strikers from entering the plant. Policewere detailed to protccl workers crossing picket lines. In other meat-producing centers, Chicago, Omaha, St. Louis, Denver and South St. Paul, shutdowns were completed without incident. The work stoppage which began at IH'.OI a. in. yesterday when night shift, workers left from their jobs, choked off the major share of meal supplies and threatened a nationwide meat famine within a few days. Although the strike was directed primarily against thc industry's big four — Swift, Armour, Wilson and Cuclahy — many smaller packers also were affected. The only plants permitted to operate were those which had signed interim wage agreements, and cles igncited by the two unions to fill army, navy, hospital and similar needs. Leaders of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters nnd Butcher Work- ncn (AFL) replied to Labor Secretary Lewis B. Schwcllenbacb'b request issued in behalf of Mr ;*to • -Rostponc . the . strike with an announcement that Uie'j •vould settle for a 15-cenl-an-houi increase and return to work Mon day morning. There was no indication, how ever, that the packing industry would offer such a pay boost. The CIO Packinghouse Worker Union stood by its original do mand for an immediate 17 1-2 cent hourly raise from thc big packers The CIO demand actually amount cd to 25 cents, with the remainde to be negotiated later. Only firm to accede to the CIO' wage demand was the Hormcl Co of Austin, Minn., which announced frankly that it would pay 17 1-2 cents more with the intention of seeking a price increase of at least mo-half cent a pound. Hormel em- ployes did not participate in the ationwidc walkout. Several smaller firms, notably the llygrado Food Products Corp., granted AFL and CIO workers a l, r >-cenl an hour increase. Thc contracts were left open, depending on the national wage picture. Highest offer from any of the big packers was that of Swift Company which said it would raise wages 10 cents an hour if granted compensatory price relief. By United Press Violence- broke out today in the nation's industrial crisis which has idled nearly a million workers and become a pressing problem for administration leaders and lawmakers in Washington. The most serious outbreak of thc picket lines cHine at Los Angeles where 100 police routed 1500 CIO Electrical Workers from thc gates of the U. S. Motors plant. The police used tear gas and clubs to break thc line so that 50 office workers could enter thc struck plant. A number of persons were injured in the fighting. There was violence also in the nationwide meal strike when police drove :i flying wedge through Packinghouse Workers picket lines t Kansas City, Kan. about 50 ncmbers of an independent union lasscd through thc CIO lines after >olicc opened a gap. Ten CIO pickets were arrested il thc Chicago stockyards for vio- alion of the stale picketing law Police charged the pickets pro vented non-strikers from reaching their jobs inside thc center of thc lalion's meal producing area. Al Washington, adminislralioi leaders hurriedly sought to scllk thc. slecl and meal wage disputes On the congressional scene, the House Labor Committee by a tic vote rejected a sin-prise .Rcmibli can motion to approve Presidcn Truman's labor bill without addi tional hearings. This bill would provide fact-finding boards Io study labor disputes and. give Ihe boards access Io company records. Thc deadlocked steel ncgoti- alions came to a showdown at Ihe White House. President Truman remised to submit his own pro- osal for sellling thc controversy ver the CIO Steel Workers nand lor higher wages unless isputants reached agreement dc- tho to- ay . Representatives of AFL and CIO ackinghouse Workers, govcrn- icrit officials, and officers ot the iig Four meal packing companies /ere scheduled to meet laic to- ay in Washington to seek seltle- lent of thc meal strike which tarled yesterday. Los Angeles, Jan. 17 — (UP)— Us- ng tear gas and clubs, 100 police rien today dispersed a picket line }f 1500 CIO Electrical Workers nassed about Ihe struck plant of .1. S. Motors, Inc. F'ifly office workers entered the ilant after the violenl fighting vbich followed police reading of a ^ourt injunction limiting pickets to "our at a gate. A number were injured in Ihe )loody melee, and wholesale arrests 'of the pickets were made. Philip M. Connelly, secretary of Hie CIO Industrial Union Council here, was in thc thick of Ihe fighting, shouting to thc pickets: "Hold that line." Thc U. S. Motor Planl was struck last week by the CIO United Electrical Workers union in a demand for higher wages. The police, brought to the plant early today as the pickets began massing, lobbed about 50 tear gas bombs into the workers' lines after the officers failed in their first attempt to crash through. Thc fighting broke out about 8:30 a. m. after office C. W. Crcmly read a restraining order issued Tuesday by Superior Judge Henry M. Willis, limiting the number of pickets. Loud booing and continuous singing of the union's marching son, "solidarity forever," drowned out the reading of the court order. When the pickets rejected the or•der Io disperse, the police 'ormed Kimmel Tells Success of Jap Torpedoes Washington, Jan. 17 —(/Pj— Rear Adm. Husband E. Kimmel said today lie had never fell thai the Pacific fleet was based at Pearl Harbor to defend Hawaii but was there to conduct offensive operations in the event of war with Japan. The 1941 fleet commander made the statement in telling a Senate- House inquiry committee about the "war warning" he received from the navy department on Nov. Truman Gives CIO, Steel Heads Last Chance to -® 27, 1041, 10 days before the Japanese struck Pearl Harbor. The Warning, lie said, added little, if anything, to previous messages. This was no warning of a surprise attack by the Japanese -on i j oarl Harbor, he contended, adding: This cure-all for every deficiency that might have accrued to Washington in this matter did not have mat effect on me." When Kimmel said that he had ncv.er seen the term "war warn- uscd in a naval message be- MacAfthur in Warning About Cutting Pacific Forces Below 400,000 Washington, Jan. 17 — (/PI— Congress icccivod from Gen. Douglas MacArthur today a warning 'ittat any attempt to cut Pacific forces bciow the 400,000 strength contemplated by July 1 would "weaken 10 a dangerous degree" military controls over Japan and Korea. A cable from the supreme Allied commander in the Pacific, ontainmg uiis warning, was laid jcfore a benate committee by Gen. ©--• a flying wedge thrown back. but they were Meet With Gl Committee Negotiations WithU.A.W. Pygmy of Ihe bean world i.s Ihe muiig soybean, which is scarcely larger than a pinbead. Ils sprout is ideal for chop suey. By JOHN GROVER Manila, Jan. 17 —(/I 1 )— Secretary >f War Patterson said today it was icccssary to slow down thc Octo- jer-Deccmbor rale ot discharge or Ihe United Stales would have had 10 army al all by June 1. Patterson at a press conference stated that nearly 3,500,000 men iad been demobilized the lasl throe months of 1945, and, had the rale been maintained, the American Army would have been only a memory. The secretary said thc United States has definite, worliS wide commitments and it is necessary to maintain an army establishment, and agreed entirely with General Eisenhower's demobilization policy. Ho reported that thc question of giving overseas veterans extra points in addition 1o those they had gained before Sept. 2 freeze "is un- dcr consideration."-There arc no present plans for further consideration of married men or those with .ess than three children so far as ic knows. Thc secretary conferred two lours in a closed meeting with a .line-man G-l committee which questions on why they were in the Philippines. Patterson replied that they were supporting occupation armies in Japan and Korea of supplies in the islands which must be serviced pending disposlion by surplus property agencies, ho added. Patterson said a final decision on maintaining an American garrison here had not been reached but "it is pretty well established thai there will be a garrison here after (the Philippines are granted) independence." Asked if U. S. Army troops hero would be used in event of internal disturbances in thc tense Agrarian Continued on Pago Two Detroit, Jan. 17 —(UP)— Ford Motor Company and CIO auto workers negotiators, only two cents apart from a wage agreement speeded up their pay talks today as Ihe company announced il hac exceeded 1946 reconversion sched ules for the first time. John S. Bugas, Ford's industria relations director, said that th company produced 2,251 .cars and trucks yesterday, or more than 50 per cent of the production rate to which it had linked pay increase offers to the UAW. Bugas and Richard T. Leonard, UAW director for the Ford division, met for two hours and scheduled another talk for tomorrow, marking thc first time they had met on successive days. mg fore, committee counsel Sclh Richardson asked why Kimmel didn't ask Adm. Harold R. Stark, Ihcn chief ot naval operations, what was mcanl by Ihe "cxlra- ordinary term." "That is the trouble," Kimmel replied, "1 did not consider it an cxlraordoinary term." Because ot this, ho said he was ot influenced to order thc i'lcel op drop all training and to go on n all-out, security basis. Why didn't he ask Stark to help lim make thc decision when to drop training and put security measures into effect, Richardson asked. Klmmcl replied that Stark had .eslificd that ho had not intended b rlhe fleet commander to halt his ;raining program. II was a serious decision Io make, Kimmel said adding: "I never conceived that the Pa cific flccl was placed in Hawaii to defend Hawaii.'I thought il v. r as placed there' to conduct offensive operations if there was war with Japan." Kimmel told the commitlcc that ho had insufficient submarines to conduct a patrol in all directions from Ihe Hawaiian island of Oahu and foil that ho could not afford to place surface units on patrol in an arc to the north and west of Pearl Harbor. The Japanese struck from thc north on Dec. 7, 1941. "Wo had no unimportant surface units that wo could afford to sacrifice," he said. "If they had been put "out, they would have been de stroyod by thc attacking force." Dwight E. Eisenhower, army cnief .f staff. Eisenhower appeared before thc rs to "gel down to rock bottom" jy releasing every possible surplus man and officer. Ordered a halt to all mass dcm- onslralions by soldiers against de- nobilizalion delays. Directed army inspector generals Io visit all army installations and listen to individual complaints of all "junior officers and men" who Believe they are not essential anu being retained." Eisenhower's return to Capitol Hill coincided with a demand ior ppcial Senate military sub-com- nittco to explain furlher thc irmy's demobilization policies, vliich he had outlined to an in- orrnal session of representatives and senators on Tuesday. Eisenhower told the commillec Ihe telegram from MacArihur had come in code and for this reason nis exact words were rearranged MacArihur reported there were i,lG8,OOU soldiers undcr his com mand in December, that this wil be reduced to G60.000 by Jan. 20 and then gradually cut Io 4UU.OOO on July 1. This would include the 2UO,OOU in Japan and Korea. Committee Chairman Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo. jintcrjected that By HAROLD W. WARD Washington, Jan. 17 — (K 1 ) —Pres,dent Truman gave the two principals in the threatened steel strike their last chance today to work out an agreement together before it proposes a way to end the dead- 1OCK. The president gave CIO President Pmiip Murray and Benjamin- Fairless ,U. S. steel head, until this afternoon to settle their wage dispute. bnouid they fail, he said, he ( will step in with "a proposal in .lie public interest." Mr. Truman urged the two men, ; just before tney left the 'White House last night after a day of Li'uitiess talkSj. to "sleep over it and pray over it and do their utmost to get togetner and come oack again at two o'clock tomorrow afternoon." Both said they would. Presidential Press Secretary slashing the ai\-ny close to its 1019 Charles G. Ross described the size. (leave-taking. Thc army has been planning for This sharp focusing of the spot- 1,500,000 men by July, out Johnson light on the crucial White House lold reporters he considers that meeting tended to diver top atten- Figuro about 5UU.OOU to high. Ei- tion from new administration ef- senhower informed Congress Tues- forts here to find a solution for day thai thc aimy's strength on me meat packing stride, already January 1 was 4,2uO,'JOO, compared uitting the nation's meat.markets, witn the V-o aay peak of B.auO.OOU. secretary on Labor Scnweiienbach Evidently Eisenhower's lengthy '; invited management and labor rep- joint report to an inlormal joint session of Congress Tuesday failed to touch on some matters still troubling ine lawmakers, for the special Senate military subcommittee n demobilization program. He cheduled a radio address to tne alion on Ihe subject lor Friday War Correspondent Was Called on Carpet During the Battle for Tunisia in COllllllUIU- I'dVi-rnor is honorary The money was profit iroin operation of a canteen at the naval ordnance plant a.t Camden by association members. Mrs. Carnos said. Women begun to wear signet rinns early in the Middle Ages. By HAL BOYLE Manila, Jan. 17 —I/I')— During the battle of Tunisia a skinny lil- tle war correspondent weighing 112 pounds was called on the carpel jy a chunky American headquarters general in Algiers. You're little better than a traitor to your country," the general said. Thc small man's crime was that he had told fully the horrors of balllc and their emotional impact on tired, dirly men who carry Iho brunt of war. The brass hats who worry about such mailers thought this elder, middle-aged writer was hurtling American morale. They were wrong. He turned oul to be one of the army's bcsl morale builders. | Thai was Ernie Pylc, killed lalcr covering his fifth campaign in the field. It comes us something of a surprise now to read less than a year after Pylc went to his grave that Henry Louis Mencken, the oracle of Baltimore, beleivcs coruespond- ents were "a sorry lot" and did a poor job of covering World War II. (Kds note: Mencken said, however, lhat Pyle did a good job on the kind of task he set himself to Mencken, dean of American Intelligentsia, soundly observes thai il is~ "a primary duly of reporters to tell the truth until it becomes dangerous." But in concluding that ' there wasn't much of that," he is less than fair to a good number of able and conscientious newspapermen who lie buried in soldier cemeteries today because they never r|iiit trying to be a good reporters. Mencken says of war correspondents generally that they were cither typewriter statesmen turning out dope stuff drearily dreamed up or sentimental human interest scribblers turning out Maudlin stuff about the common soldier easy to get by tho censors." There were "typewriter statesmen" among the press corps. Some did write "Maudlin stuff" about the common soldier, al- Ihough Pyle was not one. Bui bolh al headquarters and at the front there were many hard- hilling newsmen who wore oul their hearts or risked their lives living up to Mencken's own dictum that "good reporting is an effort to gel the truth and toll il, no mailer who gels hurl." They fought capricious censorship throughout the war to give the American public as accurate and as complete a picture of what was going on as could be given .within thc limits of military security. They wrote boldly, critically and fully. Not since William Howard Russell of the London Times stirred thc world with his uncen- soi ed accounts of the Crimean bailies has there been more honest war coverage. A lot of it died undcr thc army's blue pencil, but there was enough got through and it is possible to answer Mencken's complaint that he doesn't "even know yel whal generals gol licked" in the Battle of the Bulge. Those of us who were there reported at the time that it was a German by the name of Karl Rudolf Gerd Von Rundstedt. By ROY J. FORREST Detroit, Jan. 17 —(UP)— Ford Motor Company and the CIO United Aulo workers resume nogo- lialions on a new contract today with agreement on the biggest stumbling block—wages—almost in sight. They were only two cents apart on wages with Ford offering 17.5 cci;ts an hour and the UAW "willing to accept" the 19.5 cents recommended by a presidential panel in the General Motors strike. R. J. Thomas, UAW international president, announced thai Ihe union was willing to compromise its DO per cent increase demand throughout, the aulo industry at the figure suggested by the panel in an effort to end the 58-day GM walkout. Agreement by Ford and thc UAW might provide the wedgo to break thc deadlock between General Motors and the Union. Ford and Hie UAW have been negotiating rapidly and peacefully on the wage issue during the past week. General Motors took notice of the Ford-UAW progress last night when GM President Charles 'K. Wilson sought Io clarify comparisons of GM wage scales with rates paid by Ford. A Ford statement said that its workers would provide an average hourly rale of $1.38—1-2 or 26—1-2 cents an hour above Ihe present CiM scale. This would still be seven cents above the GM rate if General Motors accepted tho 1'9.5 cents increase recommended by thc president's fact-finding board. Bomb Explodes in Argentina Exchange Buenos Aires, Jan. 17 —(/I 1 ) — A jomb exploded at the entrance of the slock exchange today two hours after the end of the 72-hour nationwide lockout by which business leaders protested a military government decree raising wages and granting year end bonuses. The exchange, meeting place ot the permanent assembly of commerce, industry and production which called thc lockout, opened the regular time. A heavy police detail which guarded thc building after thc 2 a. m. explosion was withdrawn. Tho blast shattered glass windows within a radius of a block. A policeman was slightly injured by flying glass, but he was the only casualty. The lockout started out midnight Sunday and ended at lasl midnight. To "Ihe bitter end" has a nautical origin. A shop's anchor chain, at the poinl where il was fastened to a vertical timber called the bill, was known as the bitter end. Thus, when the chain had been played out to "the biller end," there's nothing more lhat can be done. Washington, Jan. 17 —(/P)— Rear Adm. Husband E. Kimmel told congressional investigators today how Iho ,Japanese succeeded in launching aerial torpedoes in thc shallow waters of Pearl Harbor, a feat which navy experts in 1941 considered impossible. The former Pacific fleet commander, detailing his own account of the disastrous Japanese raid against thc naval base Dec. 7. 1941, said the Nipponese simply al- tached wooden fins to old- style torpedoes to do the job. "That was Ihe device thc Japanese used," Kimmel said, "— A device thai all the brains of our Navy Department who had been working on tho problem had boon unable to discover." Ho added dryly: "Tho solution Io any problem seems easy after you have thc answer." Previous testimony had disclosed that thc officials entrusted with the defense of thc naval base had fell relatively secure against aerial torpedo attacks since they knew of none that would operate successfully in the shallow water there. Thc average depth of thai anchorage is 80 feet, with 40-foot channels. Kimmel has testified that dam age against ships at thc base probably would have been slight, if the Japanese hadn't been able to use the torpedoes. Kimmel's third day before the Senate-House investigation group opened with committee counsel Solh W. Richardson about through with him on questions. Rep. Murphy (O-Pai said he was nol satisfied so far with the testimony on Kimmel's attitude toward a war warning message from Washington on Nov. 21, 1041, ten days before the Japanese attack. "Admiral Kimmel called this note watered down and said it didn't convey what il should in Ihe way of warning," Murphy told reporters. "Yet, after he received it. he took four war steps." Murphy said Kimmel (li »:ot .set for ;in expected mass submarine attack, (2i ordered all contacted .submarines to be bombed "against his orders from Washington," (3i .sent Adm. William F. Halsey Io ea with a task force "to shoot anything in sight" and (4) drew up a 24-hour war plan "which was brought up Io date on December li." "Perhaps the truth of the matter is they just didn't expect an air attack, period, period, period," said Murphy. Senator Lucas (13-1111 told reporters he thought the committee might, finish with Kimmel this week, and then turn to Lt. Gen. Waller C. Short, army commander in Hawaii at the time of the Pearl Harbor raid. Rep. Clark (D-Nc) speculated "this thing will wind up in a hurry after we hear Short." Undcr questioning yesterday, Kimmel stuck Io his contention thai he jusl didn't get from Washington information he said was abundant here that pointed to an attack on Pearl Harbor. In any event, the retired admiral asserted, "thc fleet was on Ihe alert." Balavia, Jan. 17 —(/!')— The Bril- ish announced loday clashes between Indonesian Nationalists and Eisenhower had told the meeting Tuesday thai army forces in thc Pacific theater would be cut to 375,000 by July 1, or 25,000 less, than MacArthur's cstimalc. Eisenhower said this represented an adjustmenl in air force .olals, adding that MacArthur's command covered all troops for Japan, Korea, thc Philippines, the Vlarianas, and Hawaii. The MacArthur message gave assurance that his command would follow Eisenhower's new order foi return of men with 45 points or 3( months service by April 30, and o: those with 4U points and 24 months by June 30. Loss of key men, MacAuthu added, already has hindered sucl operations as signal communica tions. In j outlining additional demobili zalion steps, "Eisenhower 'told th committee he had: ' Directed all theater command ight (8 p. m. CSX). Johnson's proposal for a postwar riny close to tnc 1U19 stzo ran ounter to Eisenhower's statement .Tuesday. Tnc general said then hat the War Department was tak- ng a big chance in lowering army strengtn to 1,500,OUO. However, tne subcommittee ol which Johnson is cnairman entertained hopes of selling tne chief of staff some different ideas both on .no army's size and demobifiza tion. One proposal of Johnson is tha previously exempt single men up to 45 and lots of 4-Fs be drafted to raise overseas replacements. He suggested that both selective Lesentalives >to an atternoon meet- ig in his office. The steel proposal Mr. Truman las in mind is his own secret, but here was some speculation it might involve his personal judgment on wnat would be a reasonable adjustment of the rival wage stands. Ross said government seizure 'has not entered into the discussions" through last night's talks, lie also reported that, of course, FairlesB and Murray could accept or reject "tne presidential proposal. Fairless nas offered to pay 15 cents more an hour but Murray is adamant on notning less tnan 19 1-2 cents for his 800,000 CIQ-steelwork- ers who are due to strike next Mori- day. The president already has urged General Motors Corporation to accept a fact-finding board's proposal of 19 1-2 cents more an hour ior 175,000 striking ClO-auts work- service and the army liberalize physical standards and accept thousands of men previously reject- because of minor physical disabilities, such as, flat feet.. ... ""Men with flat feet make good policemen," he commented jokingly. Reported in Kuriie islands British forces in the Socrabaja sec tor on the East Java coast yesterday had cost the British three killed and 21 wounded. By ALEX H. SINGLETON Washington, Jan. 17 —(/P)— Russia was reported today to be establishing herself firmly in the stralegic Kuriie island chain flanking the approaches to Siberia. It was from a rendezvous in those foggy Japanese islands that Admiral Yamamolo's flcel set out in late November, 1941, for ils al- lack on Pearl Harbor. Whether a peace settlement will decree (he permanent amputation of the Kurilcs from tho Japanese eiripire slill remains Io bo decided. Government officials here in . a position to know, said Russia already has sent in troops with "bag and baggage" and their families — apparently for a long stay. Those officials cannot be identified by name. Agreement upon Russian occupation of those islands, stretching like a giant scimitar across thc entrance to the sea of Okhotsk, was reached at the Potsdam conference. | Back in the last century there was some dispute between Russia and Japan as to the ownership of these barren islands, but in lf!7. r i Moscow officially recognized Japan's title to the Kurilcs. It appeared likely that Presidenl Truman had the Kurilcs in mind Tuesday when he told his new conference it was nol necessarily true that the United Slates wouk be alone in seeking independent control of former enemy-hold islands. Three courses apparently arc open for ultimate disposition of the Kuriles: 1. Settlement by a separate Russo-Japanese treaty. 2. Action at a peace parley in which all the Allies against Japan would participate. 3. N-clusion in a United Nations general settlement on thc future status of Pacific islands formerly held by Japan. In all three cases, it seemed certain lhat Russia will argue as great, a justification for sole tenancy of the Kuriles as thai of Ihe Uniiecl States for other Pacific is- and bases. 1946 Arkansas Car License Sales are Only 40 Per Cent Little Hock, Jan. 17 — (/1'j— Revenue Commissioner Otho A. Cook said today liMG Arkansas automobile license sales through last night were more than 40 per cent of thc expected total for January. lie said thai license rcccipU totaled $940,3%. With chauffeurs and drivers' license fees includec receipts are in the neighborhood o: one and one half million dollars he estimaled. Under a 1945 acl automobile li censes are sold only during Jan uary with extensions prohibited. Proposes UNO Control of Arms Industry By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER London, Jan. 17 — (ff) —United Nations control of the entire world irmament industry, including atomic bomb factories, was proposed to the UNO general assembly today by Foreign Minister Jan. G. Masaryk of Czechoslovakia. Jobs and problems piled up for he assembly, as it began the second week ot'its exsistence with a sobering speech by Foreign Minis- er Ernest Bevin of Great Brit- lin. Bevin said Britain was already icgotiating to place three of her live old mandates from the League of Nations under thc projected new Jnited Nations trusteeship system. Belgian officials said they would announce similar intentions 'or their two mandates, Ruanda and Urandi, in East Africa. Belgium's position is expected to be staled in a declaration to be read Friday or Saturday by M. F. Van Lagcnhove. Ruanda and Urandi were assigned to Belgium from German East Africa after the first world war. Masaryk told the assembly that, in order to safeguard humanity against the "latest scientific inventions," the world arms industry, "together with thc latest dev- a.sations inventions, should be put under the control of the United Nations." Delegates applauded Masaryk loudly several times, especially when he said he hoped that "not one particle of uranium produced in Czechoslovakia will ever be used for wholesale destruction and annihilation." Uranium is a source of iiaterial for atomic energy and lie atomic bomb. At another P9int, Masaryk de- lorcd anti-Semitism. "After what lias happened to the ews," he said, "solution of their iroblem is undeniably the duty of 1 decent people." Nasrnllah Knte/.am, Iranian delc- ite, said Iran's appeal for help settling her dispute with Soviet "lussia over political conditions in ers. The steel industry generally has paid somewhat less than the auto industry, according to experienced labor, observers, and,therefore .the president might, suggest - 17"T-2"6r'18"cen'ts. • ; Those close to the president were Jving no hint, however, that he vould select such a figure. Conferees at yesterday's White Souse sessions seemed agreed that ,he talks brought no change in the situation. Fairless, after consulting other leaders in the industry, many of them in Washington awaiting developments, was armed with new arguments against the 19 J-S-cent increase. And Murray reportedly would not budge. At the start of yesterday's talks, Ross reported, Mr. Truman called the conferees into his office and told Murray and Fairless that "it was vital to the interest of the coun. try that they reach an agreement." lorthcrn Iran might be formally presented the 11-nation security council tomorrow. Members of thc security council irranged to hold their first meet- ng today, but preliminary indica- The afternoon session broke up nearly five hours later, then resumed at 8 p. m. At that time, Ross said, Mr. Truman urged the two men "in very vigorous terms" to come to an understanding. The president cancelled plans to attend a concert with his family and then stood by. It was nearly 9:45 when he sent Murray and Fairless to their hotels to "sleep over it and pray over it." Labor experts believe a settlement in the steel industry would be followed by agreements in most other wage struggles now underway in autos, meat packing, electrical manufacturing and shipbuilding. On the other hand, these experts fear that industrial turmoil would follow a collapse of the steel negotiations and a strike in that key reconversion industry. Schwellenbach, who has been in on the steel conferences, invited the AFL and CIO unions involved in the meat strike, along with the "big four" packers, to meet with him here today in an effort to halt that dispute. OPAGVeT More Prices on 1946 Cars By GRANT DILI-MAN Washington, Jan. 17 --i. UP) — Motorists will pay from ?41 io $117 more than in 1942 for 32 new 1946 automobile models for which ceiling prices have been set by OPA. The latest prices, issued yesterday, included the first specific ceilings on 28 new model Plymouth, Chrysler, Dodge and Desoto cars. ions were that it would be held to 'ormalitics and routine. Bevin said the' three mandates Britain proposed to convert United Nations trusteeships It also covered four additional Ford models. All prices are FOB Detroit. They do not include federal excise taxes, transportation or handling charges. They also exclude optional equipment such as heaters, radios and grill guards. The increases are Io compensate into i manufacturers for engineering im- werc I provements and increased produc- Tanganyika, Togoland and the i tion costs. Dealers will absorb an Cameroons. He said action on Pal- csine was being withheld pending results of a British-American inquiry into the Jewish-Arab issue Thc fifth mandate is Trans-Jordan, which Bevin said was to be made independent eventually and therefore would not be turned over to the international peace agency. Bevin's speech highlighted the morning session of the assembly, prior to the opening meeting Continued on Page Two of other 2.5 per cent to cover other production increases. The absorption of increased production costs by the dealers is part of OPA's industry-wide plan to keep retail automobile prices as near i942 levels as possible. Plymouth received a one per cent increase over 1942 plus $70 to $171 for engineering improvements. Dodge prices are 2.5 per cent higher plus $59 to $68 more for Continued on Page Two •i 11 < !i •h ( l il fi ] iH

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