Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 16, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 16, 1946
Page 1
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Page Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS People Want to Know About Fact Finding By JAMES MARLOW Washington, Jan. 14—(,*')—Buried Under n land of. words on the labor .crisis, people ask: What is a fact- finding board and what does it do? This is an explanation. When a union and an employer start arguing about a wage 'increase, the union usually asks for more than it expects to get and the boss usually offers less than he expects the union to accept. If things go riyht, they agree on some middle figure. Then they shut up and go back to work. But when they don't agree, when they get stubborn, when a strike starts, both sides deluge the public with what each side insists are the trite facts and figures. They may be the same facts and figures, but the two sides interpret them differently. One tries to show the boss is determined to starve his workers or bust the union. The other tries to show that the union is bent on ruinins the employer. Under this battering, the "public staggers around, wondering: Who's right? And the government can't force the company or the union to settle Uor any certain figure or to reach agreement at all. It has no authority under law to compel them to do anything. Knowing that big strikes now {may wreck reconversion, Presi- ident Truman tried to find a peaceful solution by seting up fact-find- j ing boards in the various disputes. i It was the most he could do. i These boards are three-man af- j fairs. The members are not con- I nee ted with union or business. This is what a board does: I It simply asks both sides to pre- Isent their case to the board. The i board can't — because there's no I law giving it authority to do so— | force a company to show its books. The board listens to the argu- jments. examines what figures eith- i er side is willing to let the board see. and then examines govern- I ment figures as they may relate to I the particular case. i For example: the government figures showing how living costs or the pay of workers in a certain industry have gone up or down for many years past, and what they arc now. Having examined this informa- , tion, the board decides whether the ; union should get a raise, or how i much of ii raise. Then it recom- I mends to the president whether a ;raise is due. and how much. I That's as far as it can go, or Mr. i Truman can go. He can't compel • the company or the union to follow This Curious World By William Ferguson s. -^x} HOW BIG ISA SEA HOPse. L/JJ Keep Your Car in Good r* j.,. »"*«* £2 Condition i-asfr*^ Let us Fill Lip your Tank With Good Gulf Gasolines and Oil OPEN 24 HOURS DAILY For Wrecker Service Phone 886 Arch Wylie 3rd and Walnut- S?s. Chas. Wylie Phone 886 MONUMENT IN OAK HILL CEMETERY, Lawrence, SENT IN BY D. F. A\cFARLAND, STATE COLLE6E, PENNA MOST SPECIES OF ARE LESS THAN Congress to Have Many Problems Now By WILLIAM F .ARBOGAST Washington, Jan. 14—(/I 5 )—Us cars ,o the ground, its eyes on the approaching elections, the 7S)lh Congress returns today for its second session. The first full peacetime session ,incc 1941 finds Congress somewhat "on the spot"—-with a moun- ain of work ahead, its While House .-elations strained to thc breaking joint and thc voters displaying a tccncr-lhan-usual interest in Captol Hill activities For this is a congressional clcc- lion year. All 435 House and 32 of .he !)0 Senate scats will bo filled in November. Hence political considerations will dictate many congressional actions. This is thc year Republicans lope will break a decade and a jalf of democratic supremacy in .. BUT SOME UNCOMMOM KIND* REACH A LEN6TH OF NEARLY TWO ;OPR. "« BY NEA SERVICE. INC. T. M. REG. U. S. PAT. OFF. ANSWER: In Arkansas, pronounced Arkansaw. NEXT: It takes headwork to build » cocoon. the board's recommendation. (In the General Motors case the corporation refused to give a raise as high as the one recommended by the board in that dispute.) That's all. Mr. Truman hoped that when the board's findings were made public in a given case, public knowledge of the facts, and therefore public pressure, would force agreement between company and union. But even the board's findings may not be accepted by the public as true and accurate. The company or union may come up with other arguments or figures to try to show that the board has reached a one-sided decision. Mr. Truman has asked Congress by passing a law, to give fact-finding boards in the future power to examine a company's books. He wants this same law to forbid a union striking for 30 days while thc board is working. . But that's as far as Mr. Truman goes, even in his proposal to Congress. He doesn't ask Congress to try to say by law that comnany or union would have to accept a board's recommendations. ; 0 When Julius Caesar invaded Britain, a flat iron bar about 11 ounces was the "pound sterling" of the era.' Chinese Ask GIs Why They Don't Go Home Shanghai, Jan. 14 — (UP) — Twenty thousand Chinese students marched through Ihe streets Sunday demanding that American troops unit China and chanting slogans for a Democratic China. American soldiers along their route were greeted with jibes. "Why don't you go home?" Chinese police attempted to break up thc demonstration. Demonstrators called for a coalition government, freedom of the press, speech and assembly. A committee of American soldiers prepared agenda for a demobilization protest meeting they planned to hold with Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson when he arrives from Korea. They believe confidently they can wrest control of thc House if they play their cards right. The cleavage between Capitol :lill and Iho While House—already wide when Congress went home ast month—took on larger propor- .ions after President Truman's January 3 radio address complain- ,ng of inaction on postwar domes- I i /> Irtrficlntitti^ Mr . Truman continued, where they arcucd over Instructions. During the discussion she struck thc girl In the face with her fist, Doyle added. Doyle related that Mrs. Leggett ,-cportcd thc girl struck her head on the edge of a dresser in falling, and died. On Thursday Afternoon, Doyle continued, the nurse drugged the Hear Appeals for Navigation Project continued, me nurse drugged Hie By VIRGINIA VAN DER VEER body behind u chicken coop where Washington, Jan. 14—(/!')— Army slle dismembered it with a enrv- igincY'rs heard appeals today for {n K knife mid buried the torso . lie legislation In that speech, approval of a $40,000,000 Red River Valley navigation project on grounds lhat it is needed to hall a trend of industry away from the rich oil, gas, cattle :ind lumber region of northwest Louisiana. Senator Overtoil and Heps. Broks and Allen, Louislanti Democrats, and citizens of the valley urged members of the Army Rivers and Harbor Board, at a public henring, to approve the project. Division engineers have recommended dredging of » channel nine feet deep and 100 feet wide, equipped with nine locks and a pumping plant, from the Mississippi river to Shrevcport. The interim report asked that local interests furnish '•satisfactory evidence" that at least 1,000,000 tons of commerce annually would be available to carriers on the waterway. Overtoil, chairman of the Senate subcommittee on rivers <md harbors, told board members the valley is one of the few remaining regions in this country, rich in natural resources .still not accessible to water commerce. "The communities She said she put the other parts in a box and left them near the Saratoga Springs raceway, Doyle stated. The district attorney said missing parts of the body hud not yet been found. King said a yellow bobby sock was instrumental in completing Identification. this val- unclei' called upon "the most powerful , f, hc communities of t pressure group in the world — the '? y ' saltl Ovcl .' Um ' "labor under American people" to put the heal I • L ' norm » u s handicap of cxpen- on Congress and demand action S1V V IransporlaUon. They arc more Congress, the president declared iintl '*]9 rc dependent economically has done little to enact the locisla- °" "djaccnt areas which have lion he has requested. w j r , t , L ' r o " l 'ets." The shape of early congressional , J h< - f, c " iU " r . "ssei-led the pro- action likely will be formed by re- P. osod Rcd Rlvcr channel would action to Mr. Truman's plea" Al-I counteract a trend of industry to ready the mail has started to flow!" 1 " 1 , 1 n thc . valley for induslrial- min fii« ^ffifoo n r c,,,,.,i« i izod communities. into the offices of Senators and Representatives — some of it supporting the president, some defending the position of congress. Because major public interest has centered in the labor situation and in the armed services' demobilization programs., those subjects will receive prompt attention. Tomorrow Senate and House members will hear in person from Gen Dwight D .Eisenhower and Adm. Chester W. Nimitz an explanation of demobilization policy The lawmakers hope thc informal meeting in the Congressional Library will pacify complaining G. I.s abroad and their relatives and friends at home. Committees of both branches have arranged to resume hearings shortly on legislation asked by Mr i/.cd communities. The requested guarantee of 1,000.000 tons of commerce anually was .held "unnecessary" by Overton, who predicted barge traffic on the route would surpass that mark in a few years after opening of the channel. He said a la-foot channel might be required in 10 or 15 Mrs. Leggett to Be Charged With Murder Saratoga Springs. N. Y., Jan. jTucsdpy, January, 15, 1946 Joseph do Chnnls, 23, brother ot the missing girl, snitl "Louise was wearing ;i yellow sock when she left homo." -® Piles! II i : /w ! • -But He SMIL 3, Now eHlJI[H>«H | .irilJ*i J'l'ii'.'w nil"U not dollKtilnil witl ' llll!i •-•' ; wiiy, low uoHt ri'fiinduil on request, Al all good drug stores everywhere — in Hope, at Gibson Drug. quest for action before Christmas -o— American consumers spent 24 billion dollars for food in 1944. WAR DEPARTMENT ° F ° f . The purpose the A«r- .. ca.paisa. ; is tw^old:. to -leas «r . By our victory we' have ; on tne • We can lose that respect, an «U - jr. rrrr r: toward nllUory Congress currently is cool to the plan, and strong sentiment is developing instead for stiff union-control legislation Ready for House aclion is a bill to penalize unions striking in violation of contracts and to curb union political activities "The Regular Army Offers You One of the World's Chief of Staff, United States Army HIGHLSGHTS OF THE NEW ENLISTMENT ACT 1. KiilisliiK-iita for Jj^, 2 or 3 yrars. (l-yc.-ir nnli.-linrnU [irrniitlnl for rni'n now in Army wild ;n K^t f, month,' .service.) _ 2. Kiili.,lmriu u.;,; from 17 lo 3 !• \run indusivc, i-.xcr|,i (V,,- ,„,.„ ncnv ;„ t | 1( . .\' riny who niuy n-.-nIi-t al any uf-c, and for f,,rrm-r scrvk-i: mm, .Irjx-iiiiiii;,' on lrn<nli ol ai-rvicu. 3. Tiio licst pay seal,-, i n ,-.iic,i| rurc , f oo j quarli.-r.-i anil clothing of any army. 4. K«-fiili.-lm<-nti)omH in<•rca-.cij lo$.jQfor cadi year of active scriicc since ,udi uonii3 Wa» lait jiaiti, or .sinco la.,t entry into ni-rvii-c.. 5. A jiatti fnrlonuii (ui» lo ')() ihiy.-i depending on l.rrifjlli of ooriKvj uillj furlough travel paid lo home jiml return, fur mua now in llio Army \iliu ruriiii-,1. 6. Muslerinji-onl pay 0>a?i'ii upon leni'lli of service) to all men di.^cliar^ej to reeuliit. 7. Option to retire at half pay for the rest of your life after 20 years' service—-increasing to three-quarters pay after 30 ycar§' service, (Retirement income in grade of Master Sergeant up to 8155.25 per month for life.) All active federal military service counts toward retirement. 6. .benefits under the GI Bill of High IB. 9. Family allowances for the term of enlistment for dependents of men who enlist oc reenlist before July 1, 1916. 10. Opportunity to learn one or more of 200 skiUs ami trades taught in Army schools m U. S. or occupied countries. 11. Choice of branch of service and overseas theater in the Air, Ground or Service I'orccs on 3-year enlistments. IN THE ARMY L -,, T "._ . «. , ,, ^ v ™° rcenlist before February 1 will be reenlisted in their present grade. Men honorably discharged can reeniist within 20 day. after diicharge in th« grade they held at the time of discharge, provided they reenli.t before February 1, 194o! BiENUST NOW AT YOUR NEAREST U. $. ARMY RECRUITING STATION 212 FEDERAL BUILDING Texorkana, Ark. PAY PER MONTH-ENLISTED MEN In Addition to Food, Lodging, Clothes and Medical Care Master Sergeant or First Sergeant Starting Base Pay Per Month MONTHLY RETIREMENT INCOME AFTER: 20 years' Service #138.00 £89.70 Technical Sergeant 114.00 74.10 Staff Sergeant . . 96.00 62.40 Sergeant .... 78.00 50.70 Corporal . . . 66.00 42.90 Private First Class . 54.00 35.10 Private .... 50.00 32.50 (a)—Plus 20% Increase for Service Overseas, (b)— Plus 50% if Member of Flying Crews, Parachutist, etc. (c) -Plus 5','o Increase in Pay for Each 3 Years of Service. 30 rcorj' Service #155.25 128.25 108.00 87.75 74.25 60.75 56.25 FORC« If Mr Truman has any new ideas on thc labor situation, they probably will be transmitted to Congress in thc annual slalc-of-lhc- union message scheduled lo be delivered Thursday. Congressional leaders say they believe the president will stick to his guns and insist on his original proposal. A second presidential utterance, the annual budget message expected next Monday, will go far toward shaping congressional" fiscal policies There have been mounting demands for economy since the war and its unprecedented spending ended with Ihc nalional debt soaring toward the $300,000,000,000 mark Coupled with thc budget will be the 1944 lax program .What thai will be, only lime will tell. Bui right now there is growing clamor for reduction or elimination of war-levied excise and luxury leavics. No further cuts in income taxes are sighted immediately. Otherwise, there are Ihesc mailers awaiting consideration: Atomic energy — Nothing has been done, except by committees, on the pre --(dent's request for legislation to si i up domestic controls over this ncv, and terrifying source of power. Loans to Detain and other foreign governments — proposals for huge advances to our allies haven't yet reached the legislative stage but probably will soon. They face lough sledding. Unemployment compensation — Thc present program may be broadened to include government and other workers not now covered, but Mr Truman's request lor higher payments lo Ihc jobless needs many more supporters before it can clear Capitol Hill Employment services— Congress voted last month to turn employment service offices back to the states in 100 days, but the president vetoed the action .A compromise appears likely. "Full employment" — Separate hills passed by the Senate and the House arc in the conference stage, with a Senate-House committee trying to adjust sharp differences Ihc president wants the Senate measure, is flatly against the House plan FEPC —The session may start with a bang if present plans io call up a permanent fair employment practice committee bill are carried out in the Senate. Similar legislation has been botlied up in the House by southern opposition Minimum wages — Committees have held hearings on thc president's request for a higher floor on wages, but nothing else has been done Universal miiilary training and merger, of the army and thc navy —what happens on Ihe demobilization front may decide the fate of both of Ihcse. A Senate committee ls / eac ty to W1 ' ilc u merger bill, and a House committee soon may recommend' a modified peacetime draft measure, but not the one thc president wants. It's a toss-up what will happen when they reach thc actual voting slage. Selective service — Thc war- V m ?T dl ,' aft law ex Pii'cs next May 15. No decesion on what to do about continuing il is expected until thc demobilization picture is cleared up. Right now Congress is more interested in getting inductees out of uniform than in gelling new ones in. Rationing and price controls — Both expire on June 30. Fear of inflation probably will dictate continuance of modified price and rent curbs. But rationing and allocation authority won't be renewed without a fight. Miscellaneous — Co m p u Isory health insurance, bonuses for se'r ice men, and pensions for con- body was discovered yesterday. The nude, headless and armless torso was found partly buried at the rear of a chicken house al Mrs. Loggett's farm home. Assistant District Attorney Carleton King said the girl's relatives here identified thc body. Doyle said Mrs. 'Lcggctt. a native of Germany, would bo arraigned late today on the charge and held for grand jury action. Doyle said Mrs. Leggctl, a nurse, had made a statement in which she said she had arranged to perform an abortion on thc do Chants girl, but that the girl had failed lo carry oul certain instructions. Last Wednesday she mcl Ihe girl in Saratoga Springs and drove her home, Do.vlc said Ihc statement grcssmen — all polilical "hoi po talocs" — may pop inlo the lime light at any time" RAYON CREPE DRESSES The latest news to be found in print is right here in our new rayon crepes. New fullness, new sleeves and exciting style details. Colors as bright as a magazine cover and styles to please the tailored types, the slrictly feminine,, or thc in-betweens who want a litte of 1 both. 4.98 ona 5.9O Ami they're welcome additions to your wardrobe, too! Prclly and dignified—these flowered sheers in one and t\vo-|)iccc styles to wear through spring and summer. Bright and dark colors lo keep you cool, calm and collected, and new style ideas for a very dressed up feeling.; Voice of Opinion By Jarnca Tlirashei Good Job by General Marshall Ihe assistance of Gen. George U Miirslmll was largely responsible lor the cease-lire order in China s civil war, says Gen. Chou JMI-IUI, Communist louder. There Is every rctison to believe Ihis state- 'tji"ent and, further, to believe that .•f/.ieneiHl Marshall's first diplomatic K/l<l:fnture is on it p;, r W ith his bril- ^y limit military accomplishments. • Of course, the solution of China's wfficullios has only been .started. Hut even a start at solving what seemed lor long to he an insoluble condition was a feat of major proportions. How General Marshall managed to untangle the knotty problem we do not know. He seems to have arrived on Ihc scene well briefed in the history of a long and complicated conflict, lie seems also to have brought himself up lo dale on the local .situation In China in n remarkably short lime and with a l/narUablu insight into its impli- iwtions. As a result, two ambitious inn! implacable rivals have ordered their troops to lay clown their arms. A struggle in which bolh sides seemed bent on nothing less limn complete control of China has been hulled. A country bled white by years of civil and international strife has gained a breathing spell. The (lunger that former al- Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Mostly cloudy, continued cold, snow in southeast and extreme south portions Wednesday; Thursday partly cloudy, not so cold north and west portions. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—N0.79 Iran Dispute May Be Test Case for UNO Star of HODS. 1899; Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1946 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newsoaoer Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY lies might intervene on opposite sides of the Nationalisl-Communist .struggle is averted, at least for tljn present. '^Generalissimo Chiang's government and soldiers were associated with as in Japan's defeat. This government recognized and supported the Nationalist parly. Chiang's government was included in frc(|ucnl references to the "four great democracies" united in fighting Ihe Axis. Popular sentiment in this counlry seemed largely to favor the Nationalists in the civil fighting just suspended. And thai may be all lo thc good. By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER London, Jan. 10—(/P)— Nasrullah Billions Assembly, said loday his counlry planned lo appeal immediately lo Ihc new world security council to resolve its dispute with Russia and prevent the movement of further Rcd Army Rcinforcc- mcnls into Iran. The 11-nalion council, of which Russia is one of Ihc five powers .vllh n volo capable of prevcnling council action on any issue, is scheduled lo hold its first meeting tomorrow and Ihc appeal threatened to confront thc new peace or gani/alion with Ihc firsl lesl of its powers. The conlrovcrsy springs from the Russian occupation of Azerbaijan, northwestern province of Iran where a government has been set up with self-proclaimed autonomous powers. Scycd Hassan Taquixadch, Iranian ambassador to London, said he had received new instructions w h i c h Generalissimo fiiang outlined shortly after lie issued thc cease fire order indicates how undemocratic, by American standards, his regime has been. As these basic evils arc being eradicated, there must be agreement on the amount of power to be delegated to the Communists. There must be a workable compromise between conflicting political philosophies. These will nol be easy mailers to settle. •vBut at least the bloodshed has titled. And Ihc fact that immediate policy decisions are lo be issued by commissioners representing the Nationalist, thc Communists and thc United Slates gives promise that a basis for workable compromise is already established. For which all thanks and honor to America's distinguished former Chief of Staff. Hope Covered ^With6inch Fall of Snow Rolling Hills Approaching Batangas are Cut By Many Streams and Gorges By HAL BOYLE Balangas, 1 pine pastoral I, —(/I 1 )— Philip- Driving from Manila to Balangas you get the distinct impression that the chief product of the Philippines is posterity Hemp, copra and sugar arc secondary crops compared to children. . . .They outnumber the weeds. . . .Clothing is scarce and reserved for grownups The lots wear hats or run around with nothing on but thc all- from Tehran last night after speech before thc General his As- as well as work and their tremendous horns are turned into bracelets and rings by craftsmen . . Luxurious vegetation borders the road, blood red flowers, towering coconut trees and wide banana leaves lhat move restlessly In every breeze like elephant ears plagued by flies. Painted carts like those in Sicily rattle by pulled by lough, trim little ponies of Shetland size. . . .Wornoul old trucks scmbly, in which he declared Ihc issue would nol be placed before Ihc UNO al present. Another member of the Iranian delegation, former Foreign Minister Nasrullah Enlezarn, said the new instructions called for an immediate appeal to thc sccurily council, which holds its first session tomorrow. The Iranian developments, sharp- ing up as a critical test case for Ihc peace agency, overshadowed all olhcr UNO activities and confronted Andrei Vishinsky, soviet vice commissar of foreign affairs and chief Russian delegate, with a difficult situation to tackle upon his expected arrival tomorrow. Enlczam said the Iranian government would build much of its case against Russia on chapter 1, article 2, paragraph 4 of thc United Nations charier which declares: "All members (of the United Nations) shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against thc territorial integrity or political independence of any slate, or in any athcr manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations." Enlc/.am said, in explaining Iran's position to ncA'smen, that his government had been vented by Russia from moving troops throughout its own territory. Pie said that this impuried Irans political independence anc territorial integrity. Premier Ibrahim Hakimi told the Iranian "'-'-" -' ---'-- J - that: J. "Direct Hope was blanketed under a (i inch snow Tuesday night. Thc first flurries began falling late Tuesday afternoon. The Fruit and Truck Brunch Experiment Station reported that the snow fall was approximately C in- ~hcs. The offical temperature was ^ftigh -41i, Low 28. Rainfall was .82 inches from 7 a.m. Tuesday until 7 a.m. Wednesday. McNarney Bans Protests of GIs in Europe . Frankfurt, Jan. 10 — (UP) —All '4;i mass meetings, protests and demonstrations against thc army's demobilization policies were banned today by Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, commander of American forces in Europe. McNarney cracked down after <i .series of demonstrations staged al various points in thc European lhi::iler by angry GI's clamoring to be shipped home. The Kuropcan protests were climaxed last week by a noisy demonstration in front of McNarncy's \\ninkfurl headquarters during which soldiers jeered the European commander and threatened for a time lo storm thc building. They were dispersed by armed guard's summoned to the scene after a scuffle between one of thc demonstrators and an MP officer. McNarncy's order was thc first repressive more taken by high- ranking authorities since thc wave of demons!rations against demobilization delays started early this month in Manila. 1 U A Workers Willing to Accept Less Parliament yesterday talks" with Russia over the autonomy revolt in soviet occupied Azerbaijan province had failed. 2. Great Britain and Russia, who still have Iroops in Iran, were "hesitating" about evacuation by thc scheduled deadline of March 2 and were "interfering in thc affairs of Iran." 3. He had instructed Iran's delegation in London to approach thc security council with his country's problems. vealher sufficing they were born i to protect them from thc sun The Macadam road is in good ondition and winds through flat, vcll-walcrcd fields with harvest grown pasl loaded with coconuts or freshly-cut sugar cane on the way to Ihc mill . . . Every few miles one of Ihcsc antiquated ve- nicies breaks down and the drivers 'o celebrate this fiesta season of|scl about fixing it, using thc mid- he earth's fulfillment, grateful 'illagcr? erect bamboo arches cross the highway surmounted by large cross Thus they blend housancls of years of paganism vith brief centuries of Christian- ty Men nnd women work together n waist-deep fields galhering rice. They thresh it in primitive ashion by beating thc plants igainst great smooth, circular >loncs. Thc rice falls lo thc ground . . . Later it is spread out o dry on bamboo mailing and field nice and wandering chickens some by lo claim their lithe, and lobody seems lo mind. Thc great-bodied, gray-brown carabaos, thc work horses of the Orient, lie lazily watching all this ndustry . . . For all their six.c, .hcsc animals can plow only in thc norning and late afternoon ... If they worked hard at midday, they would keel over . . . The peasants lend them lovingly, washing their nidcs regularly, for the carabao plays a big role in the native economy .... They are used for food HMC Ready to Let Draft Law Die in May By the Associated Press Washington, Jan. 1C —(IP)— Thc uncertain life of the present draft law posed a new complication today in the already difficult task of finding demobilization replacements for thc army. Influential members of Ihc die of thc road for a garage , . The highway also is marked with ,hc bodies of curious chicks who .ricd to find out what was on the other side of thc road . . . They lave no more Iraffic sense than acoplc . . . Thc rolling hills approaching Ba- langas arc cul by numerous streams and gorges . . . Each crock is a community laundry and bathtub . . . Old women pull shining, clean clothes from Ihe muddy water and hand them on bushes to dry, puffing on homemade cigarettes, as they loil . . . Old men lounge at peace . . . Nobody lifts a hand unnecessarily but everybody has the energy lo laugh . . . That is one energy the tropics doesn't destroy . . . Army encampments rapidly are being depleted of their lonesome soldiers. . . .And more and more the lovely mcsisa girls, tan skins glowing golden bcijeath flimsy pina clolh dresses, dance by themselves or sil alone at candlelit tables, waiting vainly for Uncle Sam's big-pocketed nephews . . . Snow Disrupts Traffic in Arkansas j By The Associated Press Traffic was disrupted over a wide area in Arkansas last night and Ihis morning when southern portions of the stale were blanketed by the season's heavies snowfall. Bus schedules were cancelled Kimmel Tells of Threatening letters Washington, Jan. 10 — (IF) — Rear Adm. Husband E. Kimmel told a Senate-House committee today that ho received letters threatening him with death when he returned to hfys country after the Pearl Harbor disaster. 'He gave the committee a copy f'-a letter he wrote to Adm. Hnr- Id H. Stark on Feb. 22, 1042, pro- esting that "in all justice thc navy) department should do noth- further to inflame the public inst me." Stark was chief ol Sval operations, kirnmcl wrote that he had jus eived notification from Secre ary of thc Navy Knox lhat he would be retired March 1, 1942 'without condonation of any of- ensc or prejudice to future dis- iplinary action." "I do not understand this para- :raph unless it is to be published ,o the country as a promise that will be disciplined at some fu- Meal Strike Today Threatens Nation With Meatless Diet Strange Story From North Tells Possibility Rasputin Is Alive on Alaskan Island By RUSSEL ANNABEL Anchorage, Alaska. Jan. 16 — (UP) — The Far North today yielded a strange story —the possibility that Rasputin, mad, dis- olutc Russian "monk whoso power is a mesmerist and head of a re ®- •p time," the letter added. |'I stand ready at any time to cept the consequences of my nets. I do not wish to embarrass Ihp government in the conduct of ,he war. "I do feel, however, that my place in thc late czar's court, is jlivc on a lonely Alaskan island. The tale, gathered from super- ilitious Russian-Aleutian island naives and many not-so-superstitious Alaskans of Yankee extraclion, is ,hal Rasputin is alive and watch- ng the grave of a Russian priest on. a desolate Spruce island off (odiak. Jap Political Purge Forces IshiwataOut Tokyo, Jan .16 — (/Pj — General Mat-Arthur's polilical purge directive loday (fornedUicrcsigiialionof ,ive loday forced Ihc resignation of SoUiro Ishiwala, imperial IIOLIBC- lold minister who controlled the emperor's purse. Ishiwala, 53, formerly was fi- uince minister under ex-Premier licleki Tojo and was reported to lave been active in thc Imperial Rule Assistance Association. He was appointed household minister n 1044. He was the firsl member of the emperor's staff forced to resign by Mat-Arthur's Jan. <\ order for Lhe ouster of all ultra-Nationalists from the government. Viscount Yoshitami Malsudaira, formerly grand master of ceremonies at thc palace, succeeded Ishiwala. Another member of thc imperial household, Kichi Kiclo, resigned as lord keeper of Iho privy seal some time ago and thc office was abolished. He subsequently was arrested as a war crimes suspect. Meantime, Nosci Abe, new education minister, said thc Japanese government should make clear to the nation its alliludc on the con- Detroit, Jan. 1C C'lO Auto Workers - \<UPi- Union The today formally announced its willingness lo accept a encral settlement of industry-wide pay boost de- •fcS JMUU - (P.ands at less than its original per cent demands. 30 reiterated the lhat General UAW's Motors could pay not only thc 19.5 cenls bill "our' full 3(1 per cent demand and still make the greatest profits in their history." . Thc UAW urcsidcnt said, however "thai is not true of every economy and every industry, and President Truman's figure of 19.5 cents represents :i compromise vhicli I he nalional GM conference ;i"d we as good Americans iirc tailing lo accept." Leonard made .his compromise offer for Ford workers after company negotiators announced an offer 'of a pay boost of 17.5 cents an hour last night. Leonard's insistence on the 19.5 cent figure lofl Ford and the UAW only two cents apart in their wage discussions. New pei- Housc Military Committee disclosed that they are ready lo let selcclivc die on May 15 — Ihe day Ihc cxisling law is to expire unless Congress again extends il. The army has been ,, rejying largely upon Ihe draft for recruits to replace the clamoring long-service GI's overseas, but in recent months, it has been falling short of meeting the average monthly induction requirements of 50,000 men. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower told demobilization-conscious lawmakers yesterday the War Department has ordered thai by June 30 all men wilh Iwo years of service or 40 points must be out of thc army or on their way out. Abrupt termination of the draft aw on May 15 would eliminate thc najor source of replacements for hose in later release categories, caving them dependent on thc success of thc regular army's en- islmcnl program. Thc reason members of flic louse Military Committee arc ready to let thc draft law die is .hat they hope thereby to salvage .he boggcd-down universal training cgislalion requested by President Truman. Although Mr. Truman's military raining proposals preclude use of rainecK as overseas replacements, the House members told a reporter they believe the well-trained rc- Iroversiul emperor system, o Notice The J. J. lloneycutl, who lives at !il8 North Kim street in Hope and works al the Poslofficc is nol Ihe J. J. Honeycull whose name ap pcarecl in thc Court Docket in thc Hope Star (Tuesday) January 15. YOUNGSTERS Kansas City, Jan. 16 — OH) — Harry E. Minly, park board head, finds a lol of grown-ups slill can't control thc childhood urge to ride miniature trains. He reported 85,995 adults rode thc Swope Park kids' train last year. Of course, he adds, maybe they went along to keep Junior from falling off but he can't believe il look them all. serve created by Ihc program would reduce ncccssily for Ihc large standing army now planned. Meanwhile three senators tackled .he task of finding some way to speed Ihe return to civilian life of some 2,000,000 fcd-up servicemen who have been chorusing "we want .o go home." Apparently unconvinced by detailed demobilization data from .Jen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, army chief of staff, the three-member senate inquiry group requested further information today from acting Secretary of War Kenneth I. Royall. "Our only purpose is lo try and clarify Ibis entire situation," Senator Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo) chairman ot thc special military affairs subcommittee, said in an interview. "We arc wide open for fuels bul we want to lalk cold turkey and put everything on top of the lable. We arc not trying to fry anybody but we do have some questions." Senator Revcrcomb (R-Wva), another member of the commilce, asserted "we should be speeding up rather than slowing down demobilization. "I am certain thai a fair and scltlcd demobilization system will come oul of Ihis inquiry." Revcrcomb declared that the army now has 2,700,000 more men in uniform than thc 1,500,000 strength fixed for thc post war land forces. The third member of the investigating group is Senator Briggs (D-Mo). last night, motorists put chains on wheels of their automobiles and Iraffic virlually was hailed in hilly sections. Stale police, however .reported no serious accidents. Some bus schedules were being run oul of Liltlo Rock'this; ntarning. '" Doplh of Ihe new year's first snow varied from more than an inch in Little Rock to six and one half inches in Camden. Three inches fell al Texarkana. Snow began falling about dark Tuesday and continued throughout the night. Only a trace was reported in the northern portion last night. Temperatures in most scclions of Arkansas were jusl under Ihe freezing poinl this morning. Heavy snowstorms also blanketed northern Texas and northwest Louisiana. It was the first mantle of snow in two years al Shrevcport , La., where an inch was recorded last night. Thc fall continued today. Monroe and Huston, La., also reported snowfalls which began yesterday afternoon and turned heavier during the night. East Texas reported ils firsl general snowfall since a year ago. In wcsl Texas, Iraffic was slowed by deep drills which blocked highways. Thc U. S. Weather Bureau in Al- lanta said Ihc snow resulted from a low pressure area centered in northwest Florida which brought heavy rains to other sections of our south. The storm center was expected to move northeastward today, bringing rain and snow to Ihe middle and northern Atlantic stales. crucifixion before Ihc public has aboul reached Ihc limit I am in daily rcccipl of lellers from irresponsible people over the country taking me lo task, and even threatening to kill me. I am not particularly concerned except as il shows Ihe effccl on Ihe public of arlicles published aboul me." Kimmel brought out the letter during questioning by Seth Rich ardson, committee counsel, about circumstances of his retirement from the navy. Before the questioning, the in- vestigalors decided loday to summon former Supremo Court Jus- lice Owen J. Roberls as a witness. The action was taken after Senator Ferguson (R-Mich), a member of the Senate-House inquiry committee, questioned the completeness of the printed report on the reports commission's probe of Japan's attack at Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941. The printed report was the only one made available lo Ihe congressional committee. Ferguson said he would like to question Roberls nol only about the possible omissions, bul also concerning Ihc conversation he reportedly had with ..President Roosevelt when he handed him thc report Jan. 24, 1942. Roberls already has written the coVnrnillc lhat ; the. full report was p-ffi&ish'eu: aaer'^t^waa^turnt-d over igious cult won him favored Orthodox Church. 3—In 1919, Gerasim Schmalz ® Chicago, Jan. 18 — (IP)— Packinghouse workers went on strike across the nation today in a labor dispute which involved 268,000 workers and threatened to place the country on a meatless diet within perhaps one week. Picket lines formed during the early morning hours. Violence was reported at riwift and Company's Kansas City, Kas., plant where, although an independent union was not on strike, the general Man- jager, E. W. Phelps, said he was . I hauled out of his car by 25 or 30 , . rived at Kodiak and took over the i olner strikers, beaten and forced (Gregory RaspuUn, thc "mad monk," was reported assassinaled n Leningrad in December, 1917. -Ic allegedly had exercised hyp- lolic influence over the czar Nicholas II and the czarina.) A new topic for debate during ong Arctic winter nights has blossomed with thc piecing together of Lhe story . As far as can be determined, the facts forming the basis for the speculation are: 1—For years a number of Alaskans have believed that in the ac- livily and physical appearance of an aged Russian monk — named Gerasim Schmalz — is a clue that may combine two of the eeriest stories of Czarist .Russia and Alaska. 2—One hundred and forty seven years ago, a Russian priest nemed "Father Herman" told his followers in Moscow, before departing for Alaska, lhat he would return in 150 years. Father Herman died in Kodiak that same year and was buried oh thc island. Since the his tomb has been guarded reli- lask of guarding the wind-swept lomb. Natives and the few while who saw him said he closely' resembled Raspulin. Angered by repeated questioning, Schmalz went into hiding. 4—Eustace Zicglcr, Alaskan artist, surprised Schmalz at his hideout one day and photographed him, returned to his studio and superimposed the gaudy ceremonial robes worn by Rasputin on the picture of Schmalz. Zeigler says the resulting photograph was identical with pictures of Rasputin. -Rasputin would be 73 years if he were alive today. Ras- giously by members of the Greek I czar Rold oulin, whose, real name was Gre- jor Novikh, was born in Toboltz in 1873. Thc speculation only annoys and embarrasses Schmalz, according .q persons who have questioned liim. He prefers to remain aloof and silent, and has refused thus far to either confirm or deny the speculation about his past. According to history, Rasputin was slain by Prince Yussopoff, of the royal Russian household, after the monk's increasing power over the czarisl courl caused the grand duke and olhers to decide his death was imperative Yussonoff was said to have fed Rasputin poisoned cakes, shot him, beat him over the head with a heavy iron poker and to have thrown his body through a hole in the ice inlo the Neva river. Russian accounls said the body was recovered three days later and buried in a silver casket at Tsar- koe-Selo, the winter palace of the to get a permit to enter his plant. Seven hundred pickets from CIO unions at otner plants blocked three entrances to the Swift plant, Phelps said. There were pickets also at the Cudahy, Wilson and Armour plants- in Kansas City, Kas. There was no immediate determination of the total number actually out on strike, due largely to confusion arising from a last minute plea by Secretary of '-•• Labor Schwellenbach to leaders of the CIO United Packinghouse Workers and the AFL Amalgamated Meat Cutlers and Butcher Workmen to poslpone the strike and meet with mm in Washington Thursday. The AFL, however, said that although it was too late to postpone the strike it was amenable to postponing continuation of it and agreeable to the Washington conference tomorrow. The AFL so advised the CIO. union, suggesting that the CIO should do liKewise, The CIO reply was not immediately forthcoming. The strike call with its midnight deadline affected 193,000 CIO workers and 75,000 AFL employes, which would make it one of the before the lo Ihe president. Six Inches at Camden Camden, Jan. 16—(/I 5 )—More than six and one half inches of snow today blanketed Camden and thc surrounding area, which apparently was hardest hit by the storm which struck Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas last night. Thc storm was thc worst here in modern history, and snow still was falling Ihis morning. Traffic was delayed bul highways were kepi open. Buses wore running but most of them were behind schedule. Several power and telephone lines went down under the weight of thc snow. Only traffic accidents reported this morning svcre minor ones. Fear thai the snow might retard Ihc fall of'the flooded Ouachita river was expressed. Thc Ouachita was recorded at. 34.4 feet Ihis mornig. Flood slagc is 26 feel. State Democratic Committee to Meet Soon in Little Rock Armed Clashes Reported in North China By SPENCER MOOSA Chungking, Jan. 1C—(/P)—New re- porls of armed clashes in North China, in violation of thc recently reached government - Communis't truce, were reported today to the polilical consultation conference. The reports were made by Gen. Chang Chun, governor of Szechwan province and Ihe government representative on General Marshall's truce committee which last week formally arrived at a peace pact. Chou En-Lai, Communist representative on the committee, said thai bolh Chang and he "arc worried by reports of continued fighting." Chang announced thai a three- man committee, projected under an Oct. 10 Kuomintang (Nationalist! party-Communist agreement to reorganize the Chinese army, had been formed and held its first meeting yesterday. The members are Chang and Gen. Chang Chili-Chung, representing thc government, and Chou, for Ihe Communists. Chang Chun said he hoped thc committee would achieve rrorgan- Urged British Owned Island Bases for Loan By ALEX H. SINGLETON ' Washington, Jan. 1C —(/P)— Senator Magnuson (D-Wash) called today for acquisition of some British- owned island bases in connection with any loan to England, thus spreading to both oceans current discussions of future American outposts. Magnuson's comment to a reporter came in thc wake of President Truman's declaration that this counlry intends to retain exclusive control over any former Japanese islands it needs for securily in thc Pacific. The chief executive told his news conference ycslerday thai other Japanese owned or mandated islands will be placed under United Nations trusteeship. He added that no decision has been reached on just what bases this counlry wants to keep by itself under exclusive truslceship. Mr. Truman's words backed up arguments of American military and naval officials who long have urged permanent development of a chain of island bases from the Aleutians in thc north to Manus in the south. Thc president's assertion also amounted to a virtual directive to Ihc American delegation to thc United Nations assembly in London. Magnuson, however, said this country should go even further now ization of thc Communist armies | toward getting the bases it needs within Ilirnn mmillit: linth in Hip Allmilic MllH Ilin Pacific INDONESIANS SHELLED Batavia, Jan. 16 — (/Pi— British artillery yesterday shelled Ban- doeng's Islola hotel, Indonesian nationalist headquarters, forcing 30 Indonesians to flee and silencing machinegun and rifle fire, a British communique announced. o A pocket-sized tobacco humidor A CONCRETE QUESTION Hays, Kas., Jan. 16 — (/P)—The question of who owns Park Avenue has finally been settled. For years there has been argument as to whether the 70 foot wide street in front of Fort Hays State College was owned by the city or slate. New City Manager Virgil Hasgall solved the question by unearthing an old document signed by Governor Capper in 1910 eon- York City lias about seven has been invented to enable a the telephones in | pipe smoker to have fresh tobacco United Slato.s. .at all times. veying thc street to the city. So now Park Avenue will be paved — by Hays. o During the Christian era, iron was used as a medium of exchange in many isolated regions of Africa. The porpoise and the panda are most playful animals. wilhin three months. Gen. Lin Wei, vice minister of war, said plans call for reduction of the present strength of the Chinese army from 4,830,000 to 1,80,000 within six months. A largo number of demobilized troops would be employed to build railways and on water conservancy and other projects. Chou expressed hope that nationalization (if thc armed forces could be carried out simultaneously with democratization of the government. He also proposed that any foreign loans lo China should be used for rehabilitation and reconstruction and not to maintain military forces. 22 DIE IN CRASH Marseille, France, Jan. 16 —i/l 1 )— At, least, 22 persons were killed last night when a British transport plane' carrying 'former British prisoners of war from Singapore crashed into the hills near this Little Rock, Jan. 16 —(/I 1 ;— The i Mediterranean port during a snow Democratic State Committee meet here soon to discuss method of conducting primaries at which federal office candidates will be nominated. This was indicated yesterday by Committee Secretary H a r v c Combs, who said a call for such a meeting will be issued within a few days. Combs discounted the possibility that candidates for federal pfficcs would be assessed funds to finance storm. ;>oth in thc Atlantic and thc Pacific —nnd whether they belong to enemy or ally. A lieutenant commander in the naval reserve, Magnuson before becoming a senator was chairman of the House Naval which conducted SiibcoiTiiniltei secret inquiry with War, Navy and State Department officials on this country's island defense needs. Now a member of country' the Senate Naval Committee, he said the question of acquiring British bases "essential lo our defenses"—either on M permanent or long-term lease basis—should be raised before the proposed $3,750.000,000 loan to Britain is approved. "1 don't k~now why, under the loan, these bases can't be thrown in as part of the consideration," he 14Miners Lose Lives , in Explosion By CHARLES R. LEWIS Wlech ,W. Va., Jan. 15 — (UP) — The 14th victim of an explosion in No. 9 mine of the New River and Pocahontas Coal Co. died today as federal inspectors prepared to enter the shaft to determine the cause of the blast. The latest victim was Clarence Hale, 24, Hayeco, who succumbed to injuries this morning. Hale was the second victim to die in a hospital since the blast ripped through the main elevalor shaft yesterday, killing 12 members of the 267-man crow and injuring 38 others. Thc explosion occurred near the urface of the mine, about two niles from where the main body of men were working permitting hose who were uninjured to escape through a 300-foot air shaft. A detail of men sent inlo the nine last night reported that the shaft was in good condition. Thc main force of the explosion yas upward and the concussion rom the blast smashed the mine ipple and shattered windows 500 'eet away. The blast killed 12 of the miners outright .The other victim died ater in the hospital. Olio Stroupc, one of the survivors, said he was at the bottom of the elevator shaft when the blast occurred. One ininer 20 feet ahead of him was killed by the explosion and another 100 feet behind nim met a similar fale. Thc blasl was described by one witness as resembling "an alom jomb explosion." Flames shot 300 feet in the air. Of Ihc 38 injured, lv/9 were said to be in crilical condition. The list of dead, as issued by mine officials, included: Walter Bell. John Smith, Clevc Hale, Luther Policy, Ab Amber, Ira Alderson, William Cooper, Peter J. Morgan, Albert Miller, and Earl Belcher, all of Haveco; Ernest Bel and Luther Tallent ,of Welch, anc James Gibson, of War. 28 JAPS CONDEMNED Sydney, Jan. 16 — (/!')— The Australian war crimes court at Labu:m has passed death sentences on 28 JJapanesc convicted .as war criminals, sentenced 29 others to long prison terms and acquitted eight, a dispatch from Labuan to the Sydney Sun reported today AAA. thc extra primaries provided for under a 19415 act, "because cost would be prohibitive." CLASHES IN Home, Jan. -o SICILY 16 —l/l'i— "1 wouldn't suggest it if it vpivcd an economic loss for Britain. But most of them are loculcd on otherwise barren islands iind arc of no commercial or military value to Britain or the empire." Magnuson may have an opportunity lo present his argument formally jn Capitol Hill within a fc\\ weeks. Mr. Truman told the news men he plans lo send Congress special message on Ihc British loai shortly after his message next Monday combining budge trequirc- ments with his views on thc state of Ihe union. Meanwhile, il appeared possible the American plan for exclusive re- biggest strikes since war. Around the Chicago stockyard world's largest livestock market employing some 35,000 union members, CIO officials said about 2,000 pickets were marching. Pickets jermitted small trucks with loads marked hospitals and similar in- titutions to proceed. The CIO landlers also were permitted en- ry to care for live animals on land and maintenance men to iperate refrigeration equipment to prevent spoilage of meat .already Iressed and stored. ; The AFL leaders also asked the CIO United packinghouse Workers , union, ;; whose ..193,000; members yererc'aUed out on strike to advise, . ,hem of its decision relating ; ! to Schwellenbach's request. They told the CIO union's international president, Lewis J, Clark: "While we cannot postpone the strike because of the late arrival of the (Schwellenbach) telegram x x x x, we,feel that when the president speaking through one of his cabinet members makes a direct request upon us,' that as loyal Americans, we should postpone a continuation of the strike and be in Washington on Thursday as'he, the president, desires," . The intervention by Schwellen- >ach came, union leaders -here said, after conferences with President Truman, following failure of "ederal conciliators to effect a set- .lement between the unions and he packers, including the county's six largest as well as several ndependent firms. The strike involves workers at about 139 plants throughout the country. There was no indication immediately of the strike's effect on the country's meat markets. But indus- ry spokesmen said if the country's consumers an stocks have to rely of meat now civil- storage as the sole sources of supply, the quantity would be exhausted in about a week. While some independent packers, employing only a small percentage of the packinghouse workers, were expected to continue operations, the threat of the strike has brought a slump in movement of stock from farms to market. The closing of the country's biggest packers. Cudahy, Armour, Swift and Wilson, and some smaller packers is expected to have an immediate and serious effect on the flow of meat to civilians, industry spokesman asserted. Unofficial estimates were that civilians will get, if the strike is not called off, about 50 per cent less meat, even if farmers ship enough stock to keep small packers working at capacity. Buyers for the military and for foreign relief, the spokesmen explained, also will be cut because plants struck fill most of these orders, -o- Ilaliau the news dispalches from Sic-ilv rc- The Democratic primaries will be scheduled formally for four consecutive weeks beginning July 16, Combs said. For the firsl nine years of ils existence, the U. S. Coast Guard was the only Navy the United States could boast. ported continued sporadic fighting today as Italian troops and Cara- binicri sought to mop up roving bands of bandits and Sicilian Scp- aralisls. Five Appointment's in State Welfare Departments Little Rock, Jan. 16 —OP)— Five appointments in county welfare departments in Arkansas were announced today by Stale Welfare Commissioner Ted R. Christy. They were: JaJmes W. Woodfin, Bcnton, Saline county welfare director. Consuela M. Nicholson, Lillle Rock, Pulaski county visitor. County stenographers: Virginia Nesbit. El Dorado; Mary Jewel Rodgers. Mena; Pauline McMullan, Nashville. tention of thc islands needs The drachma of Greece derives ils name from Ihe iron bars used as currency by Ihe Greeks before 600 B.C. might stir a conlrovcrsy al London over whether it constitutes another big-power cutback of UNO's ultimate authority. CELL SALE Winthrop Harbor, 111., Jan. 16 — (.-T 1 )— Winthrop Harbor, after three years of trying, finally got rid of its three cell jail. In 1943 when the village of about 800 tried to sell or give its jail away, there were no bidders or i takers for thc 30-year-old building, Fort Smith. Jan. 15 — (/Hi—The ] which hadn't had an occupant in Fort Smith Chamber of Commerce years. has purchased the old electric park Farmer Elmer Knowles' offer of between Fort Smith and Van Buren $20 for Ihe jail was accepted with as permanent sile of Fort Smith's I alacrity. Last night 1,500 pounds Church'll Arrives in Florida Today By JAMES F. FOWLER Miami Beach, Fla., Jan. 16 — (UP)— Winston Churchill, Britain's wartime prime minister, arrived here today and was immediately taken to the small beach home where he will spend six weeks of rest in th^ Florida sunshine. Accompanied by his wife, Churchill was taken off the train from New York at a suburban stop several miles from the crowds which gathered at the downtown station. Although the place was to have been kept secret, about 200 people were around the train when it pulled to a halt. The British leader smoking his usual cigar, stepped off the train to an open field, and crossed the tracks after the train moved on. He did not wave to the crowd. i-odeo and livestock show. Cost was $7,500. of iron bars and doors, dismantled with an acetylene torch, were his. Pennsylvania state pacity. in open is the leading hearth steel ca- II! ' >i ,| 111! 1 'II I <iM ? m 'i s i

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