The Decatur Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois on April 12, 1945 · Page 25
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The Decatur Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois · Page 25

Decatur, Illinois
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 12, 1945
Page 25
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THE VOL. 68 MO. 87. . ' . : . ' : :. . . DECATUR, ILLINOIS, THURSDAY, APRIL 12, 1945. 8 PAGES PRICE 5 CENTS. ' ' ' : " ' ' : d) Capital is Shocked By Announcement Washington, April 12 (AP) The death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt shocked Washington to its foundations today. From the man who now will become president Vice President! Harry Truman down to the least of the city's people the news was overwhelming. Mrs. Roosevelt, after dispatching a widowed mother's message of strength to their four sons in lervice. prepared to fly to Warm Springs. Funeral Saturday The capital prepared for a funeral in the east room of the White House Saturday. The burial of the only man to serve three terms as president only to die in the third month of his fourth term is to be at Hyde Park, N. Y. That is the home for which he laid last year all that was within him cried out for. A cabinet meeting was called immediately and Truman was present 10 years ago an obscure county judge in Missouri. He would become the 32nd president Early Announces Death The President's death was announced by his secretary, Stephen Early, who on Dec. 7, 1941 gave the world the news of the Pearl Harbor attack that plunged this country into war. The White House called the three major news services at about 5:45 p. m., E. W. T.), on a conference call. There was a long pause. Then Early came on the wire and made the electrifying announcement. His voice sounded fairly calm and measured, but he obviously was laboring under intense emotion. Reporters Stunned His first words were "Here is a flash. 'The President died suddenly rly this afternoon " There was a sudden flurry tmong his listeners. "You mean President ' Roose-velt,'' someone shouted over the line. "Of course," Early replied. 'There is only one President." Although interrupted several times, he continued to recite what te called "notes for the story." "I have no statement," he explained. Mr. Roosevelt fyad not been in the best of health for some time, it was disclosed tonight. President Thin, Haggard Last week at a banquet for As-ociate Justice Hugo Black of the Supreme Court, Mrs. Roosevelt disclosed to Sen. Alben W. Barkley e' Kentucky, the Democratic leader, that the food the President had been eating recently had no taste for him. Barkley said he remarked that Mr. Roosevelt looked thin and hag-Sard and Mrs. Roosevelt said she a'so felt he was too thin. Mrs. Roosevelt said that for several days previous the President had been taking only gruel be-cause he had no taste for other foods. When the death became known here, several hundred gathered outside the iron railing of the hite House grounds. They questioned guards through the fence. Without success. The lowering of he flag atop the White House to half staff attracted scores of other passersby late in the afternoon. On Capitol Hill, the telephone witchboards were "hopelessly" Jammed with calls. -Two Physicians Present Two physicians were at the President's bedside when death nie at 4:35 p. m., Washington DECATUR DAILY time. They were identified by Admiral Ross T.' Mclntyre, the President's personal physician, as Dr. James Paullin of Atlanta and Dr. Howard Bruen, a navy commander who was at Warm Springs with the President. Dr. Mclntyre said that the news came to him like a bolt from a clear sky. He had talked to Warm Springs this morning and the President was all right at that time. "There was no apprehension this morning," Mclntyre told reporters at the White House. Fainted During Portrait Painting Mclntyre told this sequence of events: The first word he had came in a phone call from Warm Springs at 3:05 p. m., Washington time. He was told that the chief executive had fainted while having his portrait painted. It was then that he phoned Dr. Paullin who made a high speed trip from Atlanta to the Georgia resort. The" President had planned on coming back to Washington the first of next week and Mclntyre had planned on going down to him this week for two or three days of golf. A White House statement said: "Vice President Truman has been notified. He was, called to the White House and informed by Mrs. Roosevelt The Secretary of State has been advised. A cabinet meeting has been, called. Roosevelt Sons Notified "The four Roosevelt boys in the service have been sent a message by their mother, which said that the President slept away this afternoon. He did his job to the end, as he would want to do. "Bless you all and all our love, added Mrs. Roosevelt She signed the message mother. "Funeral services will be held Saturday afternoon in the east room of the White House. Internment will be at Hyde Park Sunday afternoon. No detailed arrangements or exact times have been decided upon as yet." Harry S. Truman, former senator Missouri county judge and one'-time Kansas City haberdasher, by Mr. Roosevelt's death moves up to the highest office in the land. Truman to White House At the Capitol, aides of Truman disclosed he had left for the White House only a few minutes before the news was made public. Mr. Roosevelt had been at Warm r- . ,- more than a week. Stephen Early, presidential sec retary informed report. "Mrs Roosevelt, Admiral Ross Mclntyre, (the Roosevelt physician) and I will leave Wash.ngtn by air this afternoon for Warm Springs." t Vice President Truman was at work in his office when the news came. He received a call about 5-25 p m. A few minutes later secret servicemen came and whisked him away to the White House in an automobile. Matt Connelly, Truman s execu-... .,. sairf he assumed that the new president would take the oath at once Dut mat not know any details. Truman Aides Pale Truman's vice presidential staff stood around his offices in the Senate office building, their faces pale as though they had been stunned by the unexpected news which Wt-cd the former Missoun farm boy into the highest office in this na-tion's giving. Cabinet members ; began assembling at 5, p. m.. (C. W. T.), for an emergency session. x ,rrivp were Secretary of Labor Perkins and Secretary of the Interior Ickes. verera.. uj every month Mr. Roosevelt served in the White House. TAKES OATH HARRY TRUMAN Mrs. Roosevelt Feels Sorrow For the Nation . Washington, April 18 (AP) Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt said, vhen informed of the death of the President: "I am more sorry for the people of the country and the ' world than I am for us." The First Lady received Vice President Truman in her-second floor sitting room which adjoins the President's bedroom. ' - She told Truman "the President has just passed away." "What can I do?" Truman said. "Tell us what we can do," Mrs. Roosevelt replied. "Is there any way we can help you?" This version was made public by Presidential Secretary Stephen Early. Early called Secretary of State Stettinius immediately, explaining that he believes it is now the duty of the State der partment to issue a proclamation covering the elevation of the vice . president. Early, Admiral Mclntyre and Mrs. Roosevelt then made arrangements to fly to Warm Springs. They expect to return here tomorrow by train. Sangamon Courthouse Price Is $600,000 Springfield. April 12 (AP) Saneamon county is willing to sell, the state for $600,000 the century-old courthouse which the state sold the county for $200,000 in 1867. The public square in Springfield where the former statehouse is located was included in the tentative offer by county spokesmen. They said $453,000 in improvements were invested in the building. Members of the state budgetary commission are considering a postwar plan to restore the dom:d limestone structure as it was w'uen Abraham Lincoln frequented it. .It may be converted into a Lincoln museum. . Unchanged Decatur and J vicinity: Fair to partly cloudy and c o n-tinued warm tonight and Friday; lowest tonight 58, high Friday 78. DECATUR WEATHER - Compiled by The Review: High Wed. 80 8 a. m. Thurs. 61 8 p m. Wed. 65 1 p. m. Thurs. 73 Low Thurs. 56 Precip. .08 Sun rose 6:25: sets 7:33 p. m. Degree days Thurs, 0: since Sept. 6 4867; same period year ago, 5256; 16 year average for same period, 5083.6. Lake level at dam: Wed noon .8 ft above dam. Thurs. .7 ft. above .dam. (Additional weather on page 21) Truman Takes Oath Before Justice Stone Washington, April 12 (AP) Harry S. Truman of Missouri was sworn in as thirty-second President of the United States at 6:09 p. m. (C.W.T.). Solemnly he repeated the oath of the nation's highest office brief hours after Franklin Delano Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage at Warm Springs, Ga. Truman is 60. It was a moment of significance to America and a warring world The transition in the nation's leadership came when Allied might was nearing victory in Europe and when preparations for permanent peace even now were underway. Tremendous Task To Truman, one-time Missouri county judge, falls the tremendous task of shaping that peace so largely patterned by Roosevelt. ' Truman, his hand on a small black Bible whose pages were edged in red, repeated the oath after Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone. The scene was the cabinet room in the Executive offices of the White House, where for more years than any other President, Mr. Roosevelt had presided over momentous meetings of his key advisers. They were there tonight to watch the slender, grey, former senator from Missouri inducted into the highest office. Family With Him Truman read the oath from a slip of white paper, swearing to uphold the Constitution. He came to the end. "So help you God?" Stone intoned. "So help me God," Truman said. To his left was Mrs. Truman and her daughter. , Truman shook hands with the group around him, all with solemn faces, many with red eyes. Then he and his family walked over to the White Huse for a few moments of seclusion. Fear Jap Ban On War Relief Washington, April 12 (AP) Possibility that an Allied submarine sank the Japanese relief ship Awa Maru raised fears today that Japan might ban further mercy shipments to Allied internees and war prisoners. A State department announcement said the Navy reported the sinking of a ship April 1 about 40 miles from the estimated position of the homeward bound vessel and that a survivor said it was the Awa Maru. That ship was traveling under an Allied safe conduct guarantee, but last night's announcement said the one sunk carried no lights of any kind. A communica tion is en route to Japan through Swiss authorities, the department added. The supplies recently delivered to Formosa, Hongkong. . Saigon, Singapore and Dutch East Indies ports by the Awa Manl were held up at Vladivostok for months before the Japanese finally agreed to the arrangement. Free 4,000 French Officers After Five Years in Nazi Camps - Paris, April 12 (AP) Four thousand French officers held in German prison camps for five years were liberated by the U. S. Ninth army April 6, when its infantry overran their barracks near Soest, in the east end of the Ruhr. With the French were about 200 Russian enlisted men prisoners who were used by the Germans for heavy work around the camp. fo) U1WG WORLD MOURNS ' "-. s. r Franklin Delano Roosevelt Roosevelt Shatters Traditions in Office By ASSOCIATED PRESS The tradition-shattering presi dential career of Franklin Delano Roosevelt spanned turbulent years of peace in which he worked to lilt the Nation-out of a depression and tumultuous years of war when he played a dominant role in charting an Allied victory. While he gained the adulation of millions, the unprecedented moves he made and the political theories he embraced made him the frequent target for blistering criticism. Accusations ranged from "dem-agoguery" to "dictatorship." The public debt jumped to a record peacetime high, then to even greater wartime peaks. Critics charged the President with trying to "pack" the Supreme Court after that tribunal had thrown out several of his favorite projects and he sought to inject , "new blood" by reorganizing the membership. Some party stalwarts forsook him. But he became the first President in history to be elected to a third term and by a smashing majority and then won the nomination for a fourth. An International Statesman Mr. Roosevelt ' had attained, a substantial internatinal stature in the years when he was concerned primarily with applying revolutionary remedies to an economic blight rooted in World War I. And after the flames of a second global conflict were kindled, he became the pivotal statesman of more than 30 United Nations which pooled their might to smash a Ger-man-Italian-Japanese Axis. Kings . and queens, presidents and prime ministers, travelled to the White House to consult him. The military strategy of nations representing 75 per cent of the earth's surface and 60 per cent of its population a strategy that sent American fighting men, American war weapons, American food and American dollars to combat the Axis was mapped at conferences in which he took a leading part. In Unprecedented Parleys He constantly shuffled and .-e-vised a prodigious war production program, framed stupendous war budgets to be met by taxes that hurt and, also at home, fougnt an REVIEW IP F. D. R. DEATH , inflation peril hardly less danger ous to the INation than its enemies at arms. i He drew up with United Nations colleagues, as the war progressed, blueprints for peace a peace designed to avoid the hasty mistakes of the Versailles treaty. International conferences oi a scale never before seen in nii'-ory helped the President to formulate his war plans. Rising to a pinnacle of world attention with him in these councils was Britain's sturdy Prime Minister, Winston Churchill. His intimates said nothing less than the threat of war, and furelly war itself, could have prompted Mr. Roosevelt to stir up poulical turmoil in tremendous propoitipns by shattering the 150-year-old two-term presidential tradition begun by George Washington, and thai running for a fourth term. Says He Preferred to Retire In 1940, the Chief Executive t Jd the Democratic National Convention he was accepting renonvna-tion for a third term only because cf a "storm" raging in Europe. He was reelected overwhelmingly over. Wendell L. Willkie. the Re publican candidate. Four years later, Mr. Roosevelt said his preference - was to retire to the family estate at Hyde Park, N. Y., where he was born January 30, 1882. He told Democratic Chairman Robert E. Hannegan in a letter: "All that is within me cries out to go back to my home on the Hudson River, to avoid public re sponsibilities, and to avoid also the publicity which in our democracy follows every step of the Nation's Chief Executive. "Such would be my choice. But we of this generation chance to live in a day and hour when our Nation has been attacked, and jwhen its future existence and the future existence of our chosen method of government are at stake. Accepts as 'Good Soldier' "To win this war wholeheart edly, unequivocally and as quickly as we can is our task of the first importance. To win this war in j Please turn to 'Tradition," Pae 3 fD) MTlM Death Came at 3:35 After Hemorrhage By D. HAROLD OLIVER Warm Springs, Ga., April 12 (AP) President Franklin Delano Roosevelt died suddenly at 3 :3o p. m., Central War Time, hemorrhage. Commander Howard Bruenn, naval physician, made this announcement to reporters shortly after White House Secretary William Di Hassett called a hurried news conference to announce the death of the nation's only fourth-term chief executive. Mr. Roosevelt died in the of Pine mountain where he had He was 63 years old. Dr. Bruenn said he saw he Was in excellent spirits at 9 Complained "At 1 o'clock," Bruenn chair while sketches were being made of him by an archi-, tect. He suddenly complained of a very severe occipital headache (back of the head). "Within a very few min utes he lost consciousness. He was seen by me at 1 :30 p. m., fifteen minutes after the episode had started. "He did not regain con sciousness and he died at 3 :35 p. m." Only others present in the cottage were Comdr. George Fox, White House pharmacist and long an attendant on the President: Hassett Miss Grace Tully, confidential secretary; and two cousins. Miss Laura Delano and Miss Margaret Suckley. Called Admiral Mclntyre. Bruenn said he called Vice Ad miral Ross T. Mclntyre, navy sur geon general and White House physician in Washington, and that Mclntyre in turn called Dr. James E. Paullin, of Atlanta, an internal medicine practitioner and honorary consultant to the navy surgeon general. Paullin was present when Bruenn gave the statement of the cause of death to reporters of the three national news services. Hassett gave newsmen the first announcement. News of the President's death spread like wildfire around the Foundation and atop an adjoining mountain where guests were gathering for a barbecue: In response to a question, Dr. Bruenn said the President died without pain. News Spread Quickly News of the President's death spread quickly and caused many a tear among the 125 infantile paralysis patients at the Foundation here. Mayor Frank W. Allcorn of Warm Springs was giving a barbecue at his mountain cabin this afternoon for the President and about 50 other guests. Allcorn was awaiting the President's arrival when reporters got word through the army signal corps' radio telephone and Summer White House telephone communication to rush to the Foundation. Miss Louise Hackmeister. veteran White House chief telephone operator, could hardly talk in her excitement to round up those who had to be informed. Tears and quivering voices ac companied the announcement of the President's death by Hassett Miss. Tully, Mrs. Alice Wineger, Hassett's . secretary, and Mrs, Dor othy Brady, presidential stenographer,, sat tense on a sofa as Hassett gave the news. Mr. Roosevelt arrived at Warm EXTRA L7"3 1 u today of a massive cerebral Little White House on top come for a three-week rest. the President this morning and :30 a. m. of Headaches added, "he was sitting in a Springs March 30. He had been underweight and his doctors wanted him to take it easy to see if he could not regain the poundage at which he felt comfortable. Arrived March 30 Rumors had been heard the last few days that the President was not picking up as much as his doctors would have liked. He received reporters last Thursday and, in the presence of Sergio Osmena, president of the Philippine commonwealth, told of his desire to grant full independence to the islands by autumn. Mr. Roosevelt also outlined ambitious postwar plans for American participation in the western Pacific to prevent further Japanese aggression. He said the United States and the other United Nations must accept trusteeships over Japanese-mandated islands, build new naval and air bases and help the Philippines rebuild economically after the commonwealth becomes a self-governing nation. , Reports of this news conference were to have been withheld for seen. Ay reasons until the President returned to Washington. Funeral arrangements were not decided at the time Secretary Hassett and Commander Bruenn made their statements. Funeral Saturday (In Washington it was said the funeral will be held in the White House Saturday. Burial will be 'at Hyde Park, N.. Y.) The death announcement was made in the center of the 2.000-acre Warm Springs Foundation for polio treatment which the President helped found more than 20 years ago. That was before he began serving his first term as governor of New York. The announcement was dictated to reporters in a white cottage across a red clay road from the administration building of the foundation where Hassett and four other White House attaches were making their home here. This was Mr. Roosevelt's second stay here in four months. The President spent 19 days here only last November-December. Reporters who attended his news conference a week ago today noted his gray pallor. This had been noticeable however for many months and had caused considerable comment among White House correspondents. Mr. Roosevelt's voice also had become weak in recent months, and he frequently asked reporters to repeat their questions. This was attributable, according to those close to him, to a sinus leakage into the throat which caused slight constrictions. Hassett gave reporters the first word. Hi)

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