Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 11, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Pago Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Thursday, January 10, 1946 Veterans Ask Questions on Tax Deadline " By JAMES MARLOW Washington, Jan. 9 —(tf>)— Veterans and servicemen are asking questions now that the January 15 ana March 15 tax deadlines are approaching. Here are points to remember. They won't have to do anything about January unless they had taxable civilian income in 1943 from which no tax was withheld or unless they were making quarterly tax payments on that civilian income .Final payment is due January 15. On March 15 all civilians, veterans or servicemen who had taxable civilian income in 1945 will have to make a final tax return, even though full tax was withheld from it during the year . - If you have doubts about taxes, or what you should do or how to do it, see your nearest internal revenue collector. There's one in your district. The rest of this story deals with tax on service nay. There's no federal tax on mustering out pay, pensions, disability retirement pay, gratuity pay, war risk insurance proceeds, or Norton, Va., Jan. 9 A on veterans' allowances for education or vocational rehabilitation. An enlisted man, or one who was an enlisted man, does not have to file any return on his service pay— or pay any tax on it—for service between Jan. 1, 1941 and the official end of the war. It isn't offi- icially ended yet. I Note that: There's no tax on an (enlisted man's active service pay during that period. But if he had income of nt least $500 from other sources in 1945 he'll have to pay a tax on it, if it hasnt already been taxed. But suppose that sometime be-| a coal miner." The "child was born tween Jan. I, 1941, and now an en-!dead. listed man has paid a federal tax j The operation was performed by on his active service pay. is he \ Dr. C. L. Karshbarger after Evn- entitled to a refund? Yes. He est Brickey .father of the child, should file a claim with the collector of internal revenue in his district. Baby With Two Heads is Born Dead in Va. two-headed male infant was delivered through a Caesarean operation last night at Norton General hospital of Mrs. Viola May Mat- 1 throws Brickey, 25-year old wife of brought his wife to the hospital. According to physicians ar.d Pros But suppose an enlisted man had other income besides his service pay anytime during those years. Does he have to file a return or pay a tax? , Yes, if it amounted to enough to be taxable. His total non-service income would have to be $500 or more before he'd have to report it or pay a tax on it for 1944 or subsequent years. For non-service income during the years 1941. 1942 and 1943 he should consult his internal revenue collector. There is no room here to give details on non-service income during those three years. What of the active service pay received by a commissioned officer during the war period? His first $1,500 of active service pay each year—for the years after 1942 and before the official end of the war—is tax-free. It should not be included when figuring total income. In addition, of course, the commissioned officer is entitled to the personal exemptions, credits and allowable deductions provided by law. For example: Army Captain Jonns. unmarried, no dependents, in 1946 received $2,800 in active service pay .He drops $1,500 out of that right away as being tax free. That leaves him $1,300 to figure with. But then he deducts $500 as his personal exemntions which all tnxoayers get. That leaves him $800 on which to pay tax. But he can deduct for charitable contributions and things like that although he'll have to show where the money BACKACHE, LEG PAINS MAY BE DANGER SIGN Of Tired Kidneys If backache and lee pains are making you miserable,don't just complain nncl do nothing about them. Nature may be warning you that your kidneys need attention. ThekidncysareNature'schiefwayof taking excess acids and poisonous waste out of the blood. They help most people pass about 3 pints a day. If the 15 miles of kidney tubes and filters don't work well, poisonous waste matterstays in the blood. Theseppisons may start nagging backaches, rheumatic pains, leg pains, loss of pep and energy, getting up nights, swelling, puffiness under the eyes, headaches and dizziness. Frequent or scanty passages with smort- ingandburningsomotimesshowsthereissorae* "^rng wrong with your kidneys or bladder, lon't wait! Ask your druggist for Doan'a .Is, a stimulant diuretic, used successfully oy millions for over 40 years. Doan's give happy relief and will help the 15 miles of kidney tubes flush out poisonous 'Taste from the blood. Get Doan's Fills. Atkins, editor of the Coalfield Progress who saw the child, it had a dual body from the hips up, with two chests, two hearts and four arms. The heads were normal and the child's arms, hands and other features were regular, Atkins said. The condition of Mrs. P.Hckey was serious. .The mother of five healthy children, she had a normal gestation with the child born last night, the father said, •o- Woshingfron By JACK STINNETT Washington —• Notes from your peic:elime capital: Even blase Washington has b"oi in.ptessect by the mostly quiet but occasionally explosive way Gen. Omar Bradley is cutting away the jungle of Veterans Administration red tape. Gen. Paul R. Hnwley's threat to resign as Gen. Bradley's chief medical adviser unless Congress laid 'off its efforts to force the VA to take over Army and Navy hos- as 30 to 3S weeks, So if a short, ntensivc 20-week course cost $500, ;he veteran was just out of luck he Veterans Administration (VA) VA could pay only two thirds of the $500. The new GI bill will allow vets to take these short intensive courses, with the one stipulalton that the maximum payment for any one course can't exceed $50. This will allow specialized study In such fields as photography,, languages and music. The veteran who now is practicing radio repair work will be able to gain a thorough practical knowledno of his trade and still, in five or jjrx years, get a radio engineering decree . But probably the most far-reaching educational benefit extended to veterans in the new GI bill is elimination of the age limit. No longer will the vet wiio was more than 25 years old when he got the call to arms, and who wants to go back'to school or college, have to prove that his education was interrupted. Any veteran who has the right kind of discharge, and served at least !)() clays, can take advantage of GI bill education. Throwing out the age limit is Reynolds Hope to Open 60 Days After Contracts Are Signed Little Rock, Jan. 9 —(/P)—Completion of negotiations with the Reconstruction Finance Corporation for operation of Arkansas' big aluminum and alumina plants by the Reynolds Metal Company is expected this week, Raynolds officials said here today. 'llirce vice presidents of the company, Richard Reynolds, Waller Uice and Keen Johnson, and Or O .C. Schmedeman, geologist and vice president, conferred with a group of Little Rock business Icjiricrs at luncheon. They planned to visit the Hurricane Creek alumina plant and the Jones Mill aluminum plant later today. So They Say Despite all wartime .destruction, Japan still retains in workable condition more plants and equipment than she had when she invaded Manchuria in 1931. —Edwin W. Patilcy, U. S. Reparations Commissioner. a bonus (and already the House Veterans' Committee is clogged with bonus bills) there will be no deduction of the GI bill. Let Ihe United Nations give us scientists freedom to travel as we please through Europe and we shall restore within six months a close and intensive collaboration of all scientific workers. —Prof. Michael Polanyi, lecturer. University of Manchester. Kng- land. All thai we (in Iran) care for is lhat we be free from foreign expected to send many older veterans back to duty with the books. ' In Ihe past, these older vcls have not become very excited at the prospect of giving up a job and returning to school for jusl one short year. Another major factor which has kept ex-servicemen and women away from GI schooling has been Ihe realization that any money paid them by the government would be subtraclcd from any possible future bonus. Same thing went for readjustment allowances ($20 a week for a maximum of 52 weeks) and GI loans. Tho new bill gets rid of that fused, we need a Kingdom of God, ;i new social order wherein we can join hands in peace and forglvcncs. —Rev. Dr. Frederick R. Knubel. president United Lutheran Synod of New York. I am awaiting with interest the clay when atomic energy will be harnessed to constructive purposes instead of doslruclivo. And that is only a mailer of lime. "" In iineienl times, It WHS 1 licvcd Hint n jacinth or hy.irintn,! worn in ;i rin« on the ringei had} 1 the hu-iilly of producing sleep. LOOK! THIS LARGE SIZE JAR of MOROLINE] Petroleum Jelly for minor hiiniK—ciitc, l>mis-| M, rliiifoii, nhnisiniiH, nmll skinirrilulioi'x, AkMiciiling.l . AND ONLY 10* KROGER'S CLOCK BREAD Kroger Hot-Dated Lb. *)1 Coffee—3 Ib. Bag 59c BaaZiC CHEESE Kraft's Spreads—5 Oz. Glasses, Assorted Priced |Q From I 7v» Country Club Soda — Lb. 1 Q ^ Crisp,-Fresh, Value . Box I OC CRACKERS Ib. box 19c Sunshine Krispy — Salted Vanilla ... 1 £ oz. bot. 13c Dr. Price Extract SPINACH . , 18 oc. can 13c Country Club SOPADE Box 17c Makes Soap go Further BABY FOOD Can 8c Heinz Strained — Assorted COFFEE ... 1 Country Club Ib. jar 32c TOMATOE JUICE . . . 23c Country Club — 46 Oz. Can CAMAY 3 bars 20c TWO BIG BUYS Pancake Flour & Sausage 20 oz. pkg. C. C. PANCAKE FLOUR . . . 8c Both 1 Ib. H. C. Link or Bulk Sausqge, T-l . . 39c Only Regular price for both items 47c ROAST Lb. 24c Chuck Cut — Grade A or B ROAST Boston Butt Pork Lb. 32c SALMON Lb. 32c Bright Fall, Whole FiLLETS Lb. 32c Ocean Fresh Cod Makes a Delicious Q Pumpkin Flavored PieO Ibs. ORANGES . . 10 Ib bag 49c Texas. Sweet and Juicy LETTUCE Ib. lOc Icebui z. Fresh, Crisp KROGER c GUARANTEED pitals was one of the explosions. I've heard Gen. Bradley hold forth on the VA hospital problem and it's simply that neither he nor his key medical men want to take on the geographical and structural white elephants which the armed forces built or converted (frequently under congressional pressure) during the war. Not generally publicized, however, is the fact that Gen. Bradley is doing one of the most thorough jobs of housecleaning that any government department has under- _ gone in years. Through a military | system of unannounced flying inspections of regional offices and hospitals, he's catching much inefficiency and cause for complaint at the source. Strictly a minor item, but typical of tnc way the general is going about things is his order that from now on VA hospitals will be called hospials and not "facilities" as they have been for years. As near as the ordinarily and outwardly placid general comes to snorting is when he's expressing indignation over governmental gobbledygook in reports and memos. Oldtimers in VA with a sense of humor and appreciation of what is taking place admit that eliminating that alone is a major operation. It's a pretty general cone". 1 - 1 •• here that unless Congress or the White House interferes, Gen. Bradley will have performed a number of these major operations on VA before he writes "objective taken" to his latest order from the Command-in-Chief and turrns the \'^\- erans Administration back to the I bureaucrats. The way Hollywood glamor boys ducked publicity in the armed forces is a man-bites-dog yarn. Most of them discovered early their only chance 'or "normal" GI service was to keep cut of the headlines. The way the Army and N.'.v bigwigs here cooperated on thi: ; was a rare thing in Washington. About the or.ly they guy thev threv to us wolves was Clark Gable n-v 1 nobody was more embarrassed over his interview assignmi-iu.-, than Clark. .Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., is another. Long before he earned his medals, he was going about his job without a line of so-called "publicity." Bob Montgomery's PT-boat heroics still are an unwritten story i and it was easier to get a private ; session with the President than with Montgomery when he was passing through Washington, When Jimmy Stewart xv.is in uniform, he got his commanding officer to issue a no-pictures, lie- interviews order and stuck to it until he was discharged. There are dozens of others, all supposedly publicity conscious in Hollywood, but shy when it came to making anything out of their service in this war. For my money, they deserve a bigger hand than they are getting in the lag-end of this note from the nation's capital. By ROWLAND EVANS, JR. (for Jack Stinnett) I Washington — "Sure I want to go to school and get a Iree education but how can I support my family on $75 a month?" That cry will bo heard less now that the new GI Bill of Rights has been passed. The $75 subsistence allowance for married veterans, or veterans with dependents, has been jumped to $90. Single vets, formerly entitled to a monthly check of $50, will get $65. Books have been written about why more veterans aren't taking advantage of the GI bill's education. These higher subsistence al- lov/ances are expected to open I up the gates of colleges and universities to a large number of ex- GIs who have had to slay away ior lack o£ living expenses. Disabled veterans also come in , for more benefits in the form ol i increased pensions, payable while (they're training ior a job under jthe vocational rehabilitation act. In the past, pensions of disabled vets were boosted to $92 a month while in training and for two months after their employabilily I had been established. Now it's I $105. Correspon dingly higher | amounts, go to them for dependents. The old GI Bill of Rights allowed payments for tuition and other necessary costs up to $500 for an ordinary school year. An ordinary school year was fixed by went. And this is a very important point for a commissioned officer to remember: If he does have lo pay a la* c> n his active service puy received as a commissioned officer for any ' year alter Dec. 31, 1939, and before Jan. 1, 1947, Ihe time for paying can extend three years by paying equal installments every three months for 36 months. He can obtain this extension by filing an application with Ihe collector of internal revenue for hit, dislriel. Luxurious flavor in every & Rich, Mellow and S If you really want to find out how good Admiration 3s, test it in comparison with other coffees. Take two other brands and Admira- tion. Serve one after the other—and let your family judge for itself. The rich, luxurious flavor of Admiration, so distinctive, so com- pletely different, will stand out every time. Try this comparison at once. You'll win your family's admiration and applause. •i I p. «• DUNCAN COFFEE COMPANY . » HOUSTON, TEXAS -® MEALS TASTE BETTER shape our own destiny. The officials said opera!inn mntciv (ill clays after the contracts ANNOUNCEMENT: am back from ihc war and 'have taken over management of the HALIBURTON SHEET METAL WORKS BLUE RIBBON BREAU I invite my friends and the former cus tomers to visit me. AT YOUR GROCERS and IRA HALIBURTON, JR. provision If there ever should be INVITATION T Voice of Opinion Sy Jamts Thrashei , -^Security— Russian Style Senator Pepper of Florida brought home with him from R s l fo2, 8omo "Pllcit I" the Amor. Th«, PC ? PI °, from Prc »'icr Stalin. Then having delivered it, the Mr lor «:, pl i? c . ccdo( ! , to disrcgnrd H. h-ir i TV'J" s aclvic °. which had preceded Mr. Pepper from Moscow by several weeks, was (his- Judge Russia as she Is. Don't praise us, don't scold us, but base your judgment on fact and not rumors." Whereupon Senator Pepper pro- vwcclcd to explain Russia's present foreign policy ns "an almost fantastic desire for security" arising !r om « lhnl collntl- y's suffering under the Nazi Invasion, No one can deny that Russia suffered terribly. If was nol Ihe Russian government or the Com- munisl ideology Dial suffered. It was thousands of decent, Innocent people who met death, torture and privation at the hands of brutal louts whose Nazi bosses feared communist, and tried to persuade tMm that they were a superior li/ce. Only the most bitter . -inli- RuKsian can fail to sympathize with these victims. But when Senator Pepper says this suffering Is the reason for Russian foreign policy he is talking, if not rumor, a I leasl nol provable facl. He Is expressing the personal opinion of a liberal, sympathetic statesman. And though Mr. Pepper has seen Russia and her leaders at first hand, his explanation docs not seem logical. .Two world wars would seem to Vive taught most governments that security lies in co-operative international efforts to preserve peace. It does nol thrive in an atmosphere of discontent and suspicion. Russia might seem to have ac- copied this view when she joined the United Nations Organization. Yet she joined prclly much on her own lerms. Al the same lime, Ihe Russian government has pursued a course of unilateral action which can scarcely be called anything but imperialistic. It has surrounded JJ/issia with governments of its own choice, imposed on the peoples of Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania and Bulgaria, It has presented these governments to its recent Allies as accomplished facts, ignoring Anglo-American protests that they were not representative governments. The Russian government has refused to allow Iranian government troops into certain sections of their own country. It has made strong, if informal, territorial demands upon Turkey. It has denounced the ••western type" of press freedom and continues lo censor foreign news reporls. Many of these actions violale Russia's own signed commitments. All of them have aroused suspicion and ill will in various quarters. Together they represent a policy which, perhaps more lhan anything else, is holding back world security. Unless the prospect of armed Isolation in a resentful world Is the Russian government's idea of security, its almost "fantastic de- Glrc" is currently being fulfilled by fantastic : means. Former Ark Treasurer Dies in New Mexico 4 Carlsbad, N. M., Jan. 11 — (/I 1 )— 'Warl Page, former Arkansas slalc treasurer, died at a hospital here last night. He was 59. A family friend said Page had moved here about a month ago from Little Rock to engage in the real estale business .His only close survivor was a sislor, Mrs. Maude Woodson, who accompanied him here. Page served 10 years as slalc treasurer in Arkansas, winning election to that office after several terms as stale secretary of mines, \"anufacluring and agriculture. Previously lie had hold oleclive offices in his native Yell County, Arkansas. Arrangements were made to send the body to Little Rock by rail tonight. Little Rock, Jan. 11 —I/I')— Earl Page, who died at Carlsbad, N. M. lasl nighl, was a state and county office holder on Arkansas for 2B years. He was stale treasurer for ten years until January, 1045. He was \« assessor in Yell county six years, circuit clerk there for six years and state agricultural commissioner for six years. Ho was a nalive of Belleville, Yell county. He had been ill since before Christmas. Survivors include a sister. Mrs. Maude Woodson, Bellcvillcj and Iwo nephews, Paul and Claude Woodson, also of Belleville. District 10 AAA .Meeting Held at Hope Thursday A District 10 A.A.A. meeting was held ut Ihe Hope High School the nighl of January 10. The principals, superintendents, and coaches of the district were present, and new officers for the year were eleeled. U was decided that the District 10 basketball tournament would be held at Hope the first week-end in March. The girls' tournament *</ill take place in Mineral Springs at a dale which will be announced later There will also be a tournament for junior boys and girls respectively, ul an early dale. The B team will play the Colum- 'bus senior team in the Hope High School gymnasium at 7 p.m. tonight (Friday). The Hope girls will also play the Columbus girls. Ad. mission will be 15 and 25 cents. Salt Lake City, Jan. 9—W 1 )—Thirteen times, D. K. (Doc Olson, who .lives at the rear of his jewelry "store, has heard the crush of glass in the front of his shop and arrived in lime lo scare robbers away. , . , Now he has ordered a sign reading "don'l break the window. Ring the bell." Illiteracy v be unlawful in Mexico by ft .'ch, 1946. Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Cloudy with rain in north and central portions this afternoon/ cloudy and colder, rain in northeast portion tonight. Saturday partly cloudy and colder. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 75 Star of Hooa. 1899: Press 1927 Consolidated January IB. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 1946 Long Distance Calls Crippled by Strike New York, Jan. 11 —(/!>)— America a vast long distance telephone system was crippled seriously by a strike today — except for emergency calls — and a labor department spokesman said the gov- ernmont might step in it a nationwide tie-up in telephone service developed. In Washington, the spokesman, who requested his name not be used, said government seizure o't the telephone industry might be recommended. Reversing an earlier decision to wait until Monday, installation workers threw picket lines around most of the major exchanges across the nation In the early dawn. In most cases, other telephone workers were not crossing those lines. Supervisors and telephone company officials were alcmpUng to maintain service, but coyld care for little more than the most urgent calls. A. T. and T. said that in New York 45 per cent of its long distance boards were covered at 8:30 a. m., and other figures at that hour were: Buffalo 71 per cent, Philadelphia 13, Pittsburgh 24.5, Cleveland 32, Detroit 34, Louisville 13, Memphis 11.0, Chicago 18, Kansas City 12.5, Minneapolis 28, St. Louis 9.3. A. T. and T., the nation's top long distance facility, reported 13 of its 14 major traffic offices were picketed, the exception being Boston. Those the company said were picketed were Cincinnati, Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, DDetroit, Kansas City, Louisville, Memphis, Minneapolis, New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and St. Louis. Weaver announced at 11:20 o'clock last night that picketing would be postponed until Monday. Then at 4:42 a. m. (EST) he reversed the decision and said picketing would go ahead as planned. In New York this non union officials said operators manning 24 elevators in the 26-story avenue of America's A. T. and T. building would wal kout shortly in sympathy with the telephone strikers. That is the main long distance exchange building of the company here. In other cities long distance calls through A.T. a|id T. are handled by toll operators or associated companies. The telephone situation followed a strike Wednesday of 8,000 members of the association of communications equipment workers (Ind) who install western electric equipment in Bell Telephone exchanges. They originally demanded, a^fi.a .weeji; pay increase, but later cut that to an. undisclosed amount. The union got the pledge of many other telephone union workers that they would not cross picket lines. In addition to long distance service, today's action also curtailed manual operations in many sections. Dial telephones were not affected but will be when they need repairs, The union estimated dial systems will bog down in a week to 10 days. Shortly before last midnight Ernest Weaver, president of the ACEW, said picketing would be postponed until Monday at the request of Secretary of Labor Sch- wcllcnbach. A few hours later Weaver said it was loo late to stop the pickets so they would go ahead. A spokesman for Schwcllonbach said this afternoon's conference between Schwellenbaeh and Western Electric and union representatives would be held as scheduled in Washington. The spokesman also said Weaver would make another effort to have the pickets withdrawn pending further discussions. One of the major areas not affected by the shutdown was New England, where the installation workers arc not affiliated with the ACEW. In most of tho cities the picketing by members of the Association of Communications Equipment Workers (Ind) began prior to the scheduled 7:00 a .m. starting time. In New York pickets formed around the American Telephone and Telegraph Company's main building at 6:30 a. m. (EST) and a union official declared the pickets were receiving "100 per cent" cooperation from telephone workers. The long lines department of the A.T. & T. at 32 Avenue of the Americas handles long distance calls, transatlantic messages and long-range traffic. The picketing in New York and elsewhere threatened disruption of long distance service and manually-operated telephones. Dial systems — used by 05 per cent of New York City's 1,1(10,000 subscribers, probably would not be effected for a week or more when repairs might be necessary. Pickets also were posted eurly around telephone exchanges in Washington, Baltimore, Newark, N. J., Albany, N. Y., Chicago, Detroit, Columbus, and Philadelphia. Margaret C. Croekcn, president of the Maryland Telephone Traffic Union, declared that 1,800 Baltimore operators would not cross the ACEW picket lines, adding that 1,500 maintenance and 700 clerical workers also would honor the cordons. Pickets were reported formed around 25 exchanges in Baltimore. Decision to picket the nation's telephone exchanges was announced earlier today by ACEW President Ernest Weaver after at national telephone conference with presidents of the union's locals throughout the country. The announcement reversed an earlier declaration by Weaver that the union would postpone picketing until Monday morning in accordance with an appeal by Secretary of Labor Lewis B. Schwellenbaeh. A. T. and T. spokesmen in New York said first reports showed day shift operators failed to report in long line offices in 12 cities in the East South and Midwest. In each of them, the night shift Continued on Page Two May Call Eisenhower Before Congress to Explain Army's Side of Demobilization By DEAN W. DITTMER Washington, Jan. 11 —(UP) — Sen. Dwight D. Elsenhower may DO called before nil members of congress next week to explain the army's side of the demobilization muddle, it was learned today. Sen. Edwin C. Johnson, D., Colo., said many congressmen favored such an appearance by (he chief of staff, possibly next Tuesday if it could be arranged. Johnson, chairman of a Special Senate Military Affairs subcommittee investigating demobilization, said he .also fav- alrcady has been orcd the idea. Eisenhower asked to appear before the subcommittee. Johnson felt it would be more helpful if the general first spoke to all members of congress before the subcommittc goes into "specific details of the program." Eisenhower is now in Canada but is due back next week. When and it he appears before the full congress would depend on an invitation from congressional leaders or upon a request by the War Department. Last fall when former Chief of Staff Gen. George C. Marshall explained demobilization procedures to congress, the War Department requested the session. Meanwhile, the public had a rebuke from Undersecretary of War Kenneth C. Royall for its nationwide "hysteria to gel the boys back home." In an address in Roanoke, Va., last night, he said too rapid demobilization would "endanger th cviclory so recently won" it also would leave too few men al home and abroad to protect America's excess properly, he said. The urge "to put the war behind us and demobilize quickly is threatening to impair the necessary services which must be rendered overseas," Royall said. "It is that philosophy of 'me and my son, John' that's flooding our congressmen with a deluge of criticism of demobilization in spite of the most remarkable record of orderly demobilization ever established by the armed forces of any country in any war. Royall also is slated to appear belore the Senate's Investigating subcommittee next week. Members, beside Johnson, are Frank P. Briggs, D., Mo., and Cahpman Rovercomb, R., W. Va. Johnson disclosed yesterday that he had written letters to Royall and Eisenhower pointing out that the situation was "extremely critical and we arc all anxious to clarify it at once." Johnson said that "whether demobilization should be speeded up or slowed down is a policy matter which should be decided by congress." "Congress has two remedies if it wants to use them," he said. "It could cut off army appropriations or it could declare the war at an end, and then six months later, all draftees would have to come home." • Members of the House Military Affairs Committee also clamored for a full report on the program. They said they would ask Chairman Andresv J. May, D., Ky., to call in War Department officials next week. Some members proposed that the committee postpone consideration of universal military training legislation for another week or two while tho group looked into demobilization. Rep. Hugh DcLacy, D., Wash., released a cablegram from 362 servicemen in Austria who suggested that the demobilization slow down was an army bid for public support of peacetime military training. The GI's also suggested that the army reduce the number of officers overseas. "The fewer the officers the fewer the enlisted men needed," the ca- blgram read. "For example, why do we need here in Vienna 14 generals, 46 colonels, 91 Lt. colonels, 133 majors, 194 captains, 233 first 'Loeys' and 92 second 'Looeys.' "A good part of the 12,000 enlisted men occupying Vienna are engaged in servicing this heavy load of brass." Police Check New Lead in Kidnap Shying By ROBERT T. LOUGHRAN Chicago, Jan. 11 —(UP)— As mourners attended the funeral of little Suzanne Degnan today, police found a clue which might link her kidnap-slaying with the recent "lipstick murder" of Wave Frances Brown. - - , ... Detectives, found scrawled on a post, near where Suzanne's body was butchered, this message: "Stop me before I kill more." The message was the same as thai found scrawled on a mirror in the hotel room where the Wave was slain last month. It was written with lipstick, as. in the Wave killing. Miss Brown's slayer never has been captured. Police believed that the message found today was Ihe work of a crank or morbid prankster, but Ihcy were so short of clues lhat they prepared to compare the writing to sec if both messages were written by the same person. At the funeral services for the six-year-old victim of a sex fiend defectives mingled wilh the mourners in their search for the killer. Meanwhile other detectives retraced their steps in the Degnan neighborhood with Ihc hope of uncovering some clue previously overlooked. There was nol a m;i- jor suspect in police custody today, and police admitted that only a "lucky break" would lead to an immediate arrest . The funeral services were held at SI. Gertrude's church where a Mass of the Angels was sung. Mosl of Suzanne's first-grade classmates attended the riles. The burial was in All Saints cemetery. Detectives watched the fringes of the crowd on the chance thai the satistic slayer might have been drawn to the church or cemetery by morbid curiosity. Hope for a quick solution of Chicago's most, brutal crime, faded with the disclosure of the almost air-tight alibis of the Iwo latest suspects, a crippled dentist and an cx-servieeman. Barring an unexpected break, police were left wilh the tremendous job of tracing and checking scores of secondary le;ids and clues. A special detail of four lieutenants, a sergeant and 15 picked men was named to work exclusively on the case. Held in technical custody for questioning were Francis ' Cyril Perry, 22-year-old war veteran, and Robert Groetzinger, 4(i, a dentist who once had been an inmate of a state hospital for Ihc insane and formerly was employed by Perry's mother. Both have sex of- fcnsc records. Perry told police he had been bowling until 8:IS a. m. Monday, and the crime has been lixcd at approximately 2:30 a. in. Groetzinger was picked up ;il his home, where he was hobbling arjoul on crutches, and his physician said a leg ailment would have made il impossible for Ihe dentist to have carried away the child. Suzanne, daughter of James E Degnan, an Office of Price Administration official, was missing from her bed early Monday. Later thai day parts of her mutilated body were found in four different neighborhood cesspools. A medical examiner said she had been mistreated and strangled. Perry and Groetzinger were questioned after Perry's mother, Mrs. Margaret Perry, operator of a children's nursery, identified the ladder used in the Degnan kidnap- ing as one stolen from the nursery several months before. Police began rechecking early leads yesterday after releasing oh writs of habeas corpus two jani- Continued on Page Two Arkansas Man New Maritime Dept. Head x Washington, Jan. 11 —(/P)—President Truman has chosen Rear Admiral Earl W. Mills to succeed Vice Admiral Emory S. Land as chairman of the U. S. Maritime Commission. The Whlle^House. announced to.-. day 1 that Mills'- nomination as chalrma's,- will be sent to the Senate when Congress reconvenes next week and that he also will be nominated lor promotion to the rank of vice admiral. Mills is a native of Arkansas. Mills, who is 49, has been assistant chief of the bureau of ships since Nov. 1, 1942. He has graduated from the Naval Academy in June, 1917 and as a junior officer served aboard the batlleship Minnesota and the destroyers, Hcnly, Hnzolwod and Hogan. In September, 1920 he was assigned as aide and flag lieuttenanl on the slaff of Rear Admiral J.V. Chase, commander of Balllship Division Four of the battle fleet. Later he was on duly al Ihe Pugct Sound, Wash., Navy Yard and then in 1033 went lo the design and construction division of Ihe Bureau of Engineering (now Ihe Bureau of Shins). He served a hitch -I sea, rciurncd lo the Bureau of Engineering and thai then in 1940 was namcri assistant attache al the American embassy in London. He came short a short time later for duty in Washington. Russia Against United Nations Secret Ballot -By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER London, Jan, 11 — (IP)— Russia launched an attack within the United Nations assembly today on the secret ballot system under which her candidate for assembly president was defeated at the first session yesterday. , Sentiment was reported developing within the American delegation, too, for abandonment of the rule under which Paul Henri Spaak, foreign minister of Belgium, was chosen assembly president, with the backing of Britain, and Trygvc Lie, Norwegian foreign minister, defeated despite his support by Russia and the United States. One reason advanced was that secrecy is undemocratic. Dmitri Manuilsky, foreign minis tor of the Ukraine, one of the three U.S.S.R. delegations, moved that hereafter all persons voted on for UNO office be nominated and discussed from the floor. Spaak was elected without his name being men tioned on the floor. Delegates wrote his name on secret ballots. Action on the Soviet motion was blocked, however, when Cuban and other proposals came up and Spaak observed that the assembly was thying to discuss three things at opcc. He proposed that the question be sent to the legal committee, leaving the temporary rules in .'prce, and Manuilsky acceped the suggestion. iThe Cuban delegate, Guy Perez Cisneros, raised the issue of the predominance of the big powers in the assembly by demanding a sweeping change in the proposed general or steering committee. The committee as projected by the preparatory commission would have 14 members, five of them big powers. Perez Cisnoros argued either for a 51-nation steering com- mitte or a limitation on its authority and a rule against re-election of its members so as to restrict big power membership. Spaak, in his acceptance speech, discussed the question by declaring that the decision was made at San Francisco last spring to give the great powers a dominant place iri the UNO and "the system adopted there must b.e accepted here." Another development today was the possibility Australia may ask the assembly to reverse the preparatory comission's decision that permanent headquarters be near New York or Boston in order to bring up again the proposal to' make the world peace capital at San -Francisco. Reliable sources said the United States, Soviet Russia, Great •J$#,4Jiin,cvFjV>r!C..e. and., China had agreed thai India and 'Venezuela should have the two vice presidencies still to be assigned .The other five vice presidencies-, will automatically go to the five key powers. Agreement also was said to have been reached allocating the peace agency's committe chairmanships as follows: Political and security, Ukraine; economic, Poland; social, New Zeland; trusteeship, Uruguay; administrative, Syria; and legal, Panama. Last minute changes were possible, the informants said, taut were not expected. The elections were to be held after the assembly heard the reading of the preparatory commission's report and the presidential address of Belgian Foreign Minister Paul Henri Spaak, newly- elected head of the assembly. Delegates of the 51 participating nations gathered early in historic Central Hall on Westminster Square for the second session, which was set for 10:15 a. in. (4:15 a. m. Central Standard Time.2 The all-powerful 11-member security council — which will control the UNO's "international po- Continued on Page Two '•'k, P Jrr M ?? ns Associated Press Newsoooer Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Proposal Studied to End GM Strike, Pay Increase Suggested LR, Ft. Smith Phone Service Interrupted Little Rock, Jan. 11 —(/I 1 )— Telephone service at Little Rock and Fort Smith was interrupted today as picket lines were established around Southwestern Bell Telephone Company properties. No picketing was reported at other cities where Western Electric employes are said to be stationed — Tcxarkana, Hot Springs, Earle, Carlisle, Forrest City, Mc- Gehce, Fayetteville and Van Bu- rcn . Dial service was not disrupted in cither Fort Smith or Little Rock. E. N. McCall, Litlc Rock, district superintendent of Southwestern Bell, appealed to customers to use long distance lines only in extreme emergencies. Only four persons, chief operators and supervisors who are not union members, worked the long distance switchboards here. Ordinarily 150 operators man these switchboards. Union affiliated operators refused to cross Western Eleclric's picket lines. Commenting on his report that only Fort Smith and Little Rock offices were picketed, McCall said: "The union seems to be laying off the small exchanges." While dial service was not immediately affected, McCall said, the automatic system could not be repaired should it break down. Ark. Aluminum Plants Due to Reopen Soon Hot Springs, Jan. 11 —(/P)—Final plans for reopening Arkansas' idle $80,000,000 aluminum plants were expected to be drawn up here today by officials of the Reynolds Metals Co., which has been grantee free use of Aluminum Company o) America patents at the Jones Mills and Hurricane Creek plants. Company President R. S. Reynolds Sr., arrived here by plane, last night, saying he could not make a statement until he conferred with other company officials who are in Hot Springs. The executive's son, R. S. Reynolds Jr., a vice president of the firm, said authorization to use the Alcoa patents was the "go-ahead signal that will enable us to step People in the Philippines Want to Know More About the American Way of Life By HAL BOYLE Manila ~(/Pj— There is a great thirst in the Philippines to know more about the American way of life, and books and magazines are the bcsl spokesmen for culture. The Filipinos like Ihcse silcnl ambassadors, because they tell what has been going on in the world, and because Ihcy don't gel drunk ' ' ' • ' take cd Slalcs. Daily, scores of residents file into Ihe United States information library to browse among its volumes or to gather technical information on American laws and business practices. It is one of several libraries set up in foreign cities by the Slate Department's U. S. Information t and boisterous or promise to Filipino girls back lo Ihe Unil- Service successor lo Ihe Office of War Information —to present A m c r i c a n achievement and thought as recorded by uncensored books and periodicals. The Manila library is directed by tall, shy, studious Hazel Ferguson, of Fayetteville, Ark., who studied al George Washington Uni- vcrsily before she wenl to Sydney, Australia, to help set up Ihe American information library there. There are also libraries in London, Bombay, Johannesburg, South Africa; Melbourne , Australia; Wellington, N. Z., and other cities. Five weeks after President Sergio Osmcna hailed Ihe opening of her Manila library as "a treasure house of democracy and a symbol of free America" Miss Ferguson had clocked in almost 10,000 readers and her slaff had answered 400 queries from individuals or firms seeking lo know more aboul America. "Most of them were quite serious, and we get very few screwball-type queries," she said. Per- haps the most unusual came from a local dentist who wanted two books on how to raise goals. Her customers range from American army officers and Philippine educators to dusky, black- haired, barefooted boys and girls who patronize Ihc children's cor- nnr. There have been few women patrons — Filipino women seem to iccjvc reading up lo their menfolk —but some have called to check American fashion changes. The library contains more lhan 1,200 books, and regular issues of 1.1 popular, technical and professional magazines. "We try as much as possible to fill in the gap on material people couldn't obtain during a long Japanese occupation," said Miss Ferguson. Specialized health pamnhlcts arc distributed free to medical organizations, for physicians have had especial difficulty keeping up with developments in their field. The library' was able to help both prosecution and defense counsel in Ihe recent trial of Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, because it had the only copy in Manila of a book on the trial of war criminals. Homesick American soldiers and sailors are among the steadiesl readers. "Many service people come here," said Miss Ferguson. "They work voluntarily on the library staff so we can stay open evenings." The young librarian is very serious herself and plays no favorites among her books. She even has a kind word for the congressional record, which is arriving regularly. She forecasts many readers for its oratorical, if rarely immediately inlo Ihe piclurc in Arkansas aluminum and gel slarled sooner than we had anticipated." The surplus property administration announced yesterday the patent agreement with Aleoa and the leasing by the Reynolds firm of Ihe Iwo government-owned plants in Arkansas. Alcoa's action was hailed by surplus Administrator W. Stuart Symington in Washington as Ihe "firsl step in pulling thousands of Americans back to work." Reynolds officials have visilcd Ihe plants a Bauxie (Hurricane Creek) and Malvern (Jones Mills) and have indicated that, operations will get under way before Ihe scheduled opening dale, April 1. Keen Johnson, a vice president of the company, said: "The, Reynolds company is happy to have the opportunity of operating the plants. The Reynolds company intends to increase production and bring down prices." The Reynolds company will take over the Hurricane Creek plant which has an annual capacity of 1,555,000,000 pounds of alumina, on a five-year lease wilh annual rentals scaling up from $273,000 in the first year to $546,000 in the fifth year. Reynolds also will get a sliding- scale leiise on the Jones Mills plant, where; alumina is smelted into aluminum. The rental, designed to go up as output increases, will climb from $534,800 in the first year to $l,069,(iOO in the fifth year. Tho leases will include options to buy both plants and will be signed shortly, according to the surplus property administrator. By HAROLD W. HOWARD G> Washington, Jan. 11 —(/P)—Union md company representatives studied loday a proposal to end the *)! day old General Motors strike with a 19 1-2 per cent pay increase. They made no immediate com- nilmenl, bul one White House abor adviser said il was significant, neither side rejected the terms during preliminary discussions with riides of President Truman. These .alks occurred soon after the rec- commendations was taken to the chief executive by his iact-find- 'ng panel yesterday. Officials of the United Aulomo- Dile Workers will consider the proposal Sunday at a mccling in Detroit. Walter P. Keulhcr, UAW vice president, declared the board ''completely supports the union's lositiori that wages can and musl 3e increased wilhout price increase." The corporation had nothing lo say unlil experls could sludy the 30-page reporl of the fact-finders. The men who counsel Mr. Truman on labor problems seeined lopeful the end of the GM tieup was in sight and thai Ihis would influence solution of steel, meat packing and electrical induslry disputes, which have brought calls for 1,100,000 CIO workers lo strike next week. The recommended pay increase would amount lo 19 1-2 cents an hour more than the present average scale of $1.13 an hour. The UAW asked a 30 percent rise, or 33.6 cents more an hour, and the company had offered 12 percent, or 13 1-2 cents. President Truman endorsed the fact-finding report and said if it is accepted, "Ihe industrial skies will rapidly clear and American induslry and labor will go forward lo new heighls of achievement in the interests of Ihe whole country. The ClO-auto workers, originally made their demand for a 30 per cent pay increase lo offset loss in lake-home pay rcsulling when planls cut from 48 to 40 hours a week at the war's end. The panel, in addition to recommending a 19 1-2-cent hourly increase, called for immediate end of Ihc strike, reinstatement of strikers without discrimination, and restoralion of Ihe 1945 con- Iracl. The board commented that the company had a right to cancel lhal contract on December 10, as it did. "We"'recommend 1 that ":.thc T -man= agemenl, the union, and fhe workers join in a whole-hearted efforl to restore production as speedily as possible; to continue it without interruption; and to lift it to new levels of efficiency and capacity in the interests of all the people," the panel said. The board consisted of Chairman Lloyd K. Garrison, Millon S. Eisenhower and Chief Juslice Waller P. Stacy of tho North Carolina Supreme court. Saying it was satisfied that the recommended wage increase would not have ".inflationary consequences," the panel added in a foolnote: "In satisfying ourselves that, in our judgment, the company can pay, in the first twelve months after Ihe resumption of production, the recommended wage increase without increasing prices, we have assumed lhat (a) General Molors will sell its products at its 1941 schedule of prices, (b) productivity will be no greater lhan in 1941, (c) aggregate volume of production will e_qual that of 1941, (d) material costs to General Molors have increased 15 oer cenl since 1941 and may increase more, (e) tolal pay rolls have increased and will increase proportionately with wage increases and (f) selling, general and administrative costs will be somewhat higher than in 1941." With all those factors, prices of General Motors cars will be 12 per cenl higher lhan 1941 models bul us prouuclivity and output develops an increase of as much as 50 per cent over 1941 production can be expected in 1947, the board said Kimmel Says, 'War Orders' Given Halsey By JACK BELL and J. W. DAVIS Washington, Jan. 11 —;(/P)—Adm. lusband E. Kimmel gave "war orders" lo Adm. William F. Halsey when the latter sailed with a ask force from Pearl Harbor several days before the 1941 Japanese n4 t n «1» > eloquent pages. "Government people here," she said firmly, "are interested in new bills and congressional action." Gather in Request For All Loans, Suggests McClellan Washington, Jan. II —W)— Senator McClellon (D-Ark) suggested today inai the United States gather in all requests for foreign loans before acting on the British application for $3,750,000.000. To approve a loan to Great Britain now, McClellan said, would establish a precedent which .might prove embarrassing. "Would we want to affront Russia, for instance, by denying her a loan after England had floated one here'.'" ho asked a rcoorter. McClellan said the loan "applications from all foreign countries seeking assistance might total $20 000,000.000 or $30,000,000,000. at them all together, before we de"1 think we should wait and look cicle what we want to do." Approximately 150 commercial airports in the United States are equipped towers. with airport control 6 Air Routes Application is Discussed Little Rock, Jan. 11 —(/P)—An application by the South Central Air Transport, Inc., of Fayetteville lo operate six intrastale air routes is lo be discussed at a hearing before the Arkansas Public Service Commission Jan. 25. The application was filed several months ago, and commission Chairman Charles C. Wine has solicited the participation in Ihe hearing of all air-minded citizens of Arkansas so lhal any order made by the commission would be in Ihe "public- interest." Wine said he had asked the Civil Aeronautics board for suggeslions as to procedure and the form of notice of the hearing. Proposed air routes are: Fayetteville to Little Rock via Fort Smith. Clarksville, Russell- villc, and Conway. Little Rock to Blythevillc via Pine Bluff, Stuttgart, Helena and West Memphis. Little Rock to Texarkana via Hot Springs, Arkadelphia, Prescolt and Hope. Little Rock to Blythevillc via Searcy, Newport and Joncsboro Little Rock to Fayetteville via Conway and Harrison. Little Rock to Tcxarkana via Pine Bluff, Fordyce, Camden, El Dorado and Magnolia. Fifteen million tons of paper are used annually in the United States. itlack. Under those orders, Halsey 'armed everylhing and told them .o sink every Japanese ship that they found." Those statements by Kimmel were made available today to nembers of the congressional Pearl Harbor committe in a volume of testimony given by the 63- year-old former commander of the r'aciiic fleet before three previous iocked-door investigations. They were conducted by the Roberts commission and by army and navy inquiry boards. . .. Kimmel, who will give his first public testimony in the four year old military disaster next Tuesday, was disclosed in the bulky record to have made these assertions: That while Pearl Harbor could not have been defended successfully, he would have given the Japanese "quite a party" if he had received additional warnings. If he had had the information available in Washington, he would have sent the fleet to sea and been ready for any eventuality. If the army had informed him of the radar jplpt made on Japanese planes retiring from the attack, navy searching units might have found the Japanese carriers. He "accepted the situation" of keeping the fleet in Pearl Harbor, knowing that he had the alternative of quitting as its commander. The Roberts commission charge that he was derelict in his duty was made on the "mistaken belief" that he had access to intercepted Japanese messages, when he did not. • . ; . . ... He did,jpoj., ;get.«the..''prppef • an-t: -sWer"'" in*evalua-tirfg- - a ••message from Washington that the Japa-' nese consuls had been ordered to burn their codes. '• , Kimmel brought up the matter of the pre-war shooting orders issued by Halsey at the navy • inquiry.': He noted that a carrier force out of Pearl Harbor under Halsey was proceeding under was conditions at Kimmel's order. A court member asked whether Halsey was proceeding under war conditions at Kimmel's order. A court member asked whether Halsey was under war conditions "in all respects." Kimmel said he was, and added that Halsey later told him that "he armed everything and told them lo sink every Japanese ship that Ihey found." The view that no completely successful defense of Pearl Harbor could have been made was expressed by Kimmel before the army inquiry board in 1944 Maj. Qen. Henry D. Russell asked- whether the former fleet commander believed "that, with the defensive means available to the army and navy at Pearl Harbor on that day, a defense could have been set up which would have been completely successful." "No," Kimmel replied. "I think that every bit of evidence in the war indicates that, once an aircraft atlack is launched, it is never stopped, mean an attack in force, like that." Forecasts Use of Aluminum Will Increase By STERLING F. GREEN Washington, Jan. 11 — (/P)— The government today forecast 'greatly i.ideusea" use of aluminum in housing, automobiles and many oilier tilings as the result of a break in the patent deadlock involving in the light metal. By winning from the Aluminum Company of America free use of its patents for lowcost processing of aluminum ore, the surplus property administration said it has • "cleared the way for competition in the aluminum industry." First result of the agreement will be to permit the Reynolds Metal Company to lease two government- owned plants in Arkansas. One is the important Hurricane Creek Plant, producer of alumina from low grade bauxite deposits. The other is Ihe Jones Mills Plant which can use Hurricane Creek alumina to produce aluminum metal. Alumina is the intermediate product in aluminum production. Reynolds will sign both leases with the Reconstruction Finance Corporation shortly, Spa Admin- isfator W. Stuart Symington said. He added that Reynolds' operation of Hurricane Creek will help Spa dispose of olher government plants, particularly those in the power-rich Pacific northwest, by guarantcing adequate supplies of low-cost alumina. Terming last night's arrangement the "key to Sea's aluminum plant disposal program," Symington asserted: Some scorpion wives sting their mates, then gobble them up. J! ( '' i! 1 '1 i! r }'*•* .-vl 1

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