Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 10, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Page Six HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Sergeant Who Led Mission Gets Discharge Fort Smith, Jan. 8 — uPH- Staff Sergeant Chester H. Moore of Camden, one of a small group of army men sent on secret mission to sound out conditions for the invasion of the Jap-held island of Luzon, received his discharge at the Camp Chaffee separation center here today. On the night of August 29, 19-14, Sgt. Moore and 20 Filipinoes rowed to the shore of Luxon in rubber boats from an American submarine surfaced off the coast. That was nearly four months before one of the bloodiest of battles in World War Two. They joined an army major and six other Americans who were organizing native guerrillas in the area. The mission was to observe weather conditions and the movement of Jap garrisons. Moore described it as one of his toughest assignments of the war but the worst part, he said, was , living on rice —and nothing but ! rice —for two months. | 0 i Every ship has a painted mark j cm its hull showing how low in i the water she can be permitted to ! sink safely when loaded. COATS $18. Brief and straight to the fashion point are these short ant sweet coats for spring! New colors, old colors, sport coats or dress styles flaunting bright metallic trimming on the belts which are in themselves so new to spring. Some boast pockets and all of them are nicely lined. Goering is Accused at War Trials By ANN STRINGER Nuernberg, Jan. 8 — (UP) — Reichsmarshal Hermann Cuering was accused before the war crimes tribunal today of telling his Nazi colleagues on May 27, 1930, that thenceforth nil German government measures should be considered "with a view of waging war." Goering was the target of the first blast at the Nazi leaders when the prosecution swung suddenly to a presentation of evidence against individual defendants. Ralph G. Albrecht of the American proscuction staff told of a meeting of Nazi government officials at vyhich Goering announced Ins intention of putting Germany's whole economy on a war footing within four years. Albrecht said the warlike statements Goering made to his associates were documented by memoranda from government ministries in Berlin. At another time, Albrecht said Goering told Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi financial wizard and another uf the current defendants, that it war came tomorrow money would be useless and he must use substitutes. He accused Schacht of trying to hoard foreign exchange. Albrecht said hand-written minutes of a meeting at the German air ministry on Dec. 2, 1936, showed Goering saying that world leaction to the landing of German troops in Spain was most serious, with Russia seeking war and Britain preparing for war. Goering ordered Germany put in the highest degree of readiness and said the Reich needed "peace until 1941, but we cannot tell whether we shall be involved beforehand. We already are in a state of war." This document was found in Goering's private office at the air ministry in Berlin last October and was turned over to the war crimes proseuction staff. Albrecht said Goering provided the keystone of "legality" in the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 by forcing an enabling act through the Reichstag, of which he was president. Even before that, Albrecht said, Goering began to remove political opponents of Nazis Goering sat calm and outwardly moved as Albrecht described him "in some respects more dangerous than the fuehrer himself." Goering wore a clean, well pressed gray suit with brass buttons. Albrecht observed that Goering, like some of the other Nazis, was not a social outcast but came of good family and had an ingratiating manner "all but concealing his inner stel, vindicliveness, cruelty, lust for self glorification and lust for power." Before the individual proseuction began, the tribunal heard that Gestapo men imprisoned 487 Czech priests during a German campaign to smash the Catholic church in Austria and Czechoslovakia. Broadway By JACK O'BRIAN New Yjrk — Peggy Cummins, in the lead for the title part in the film "Forever Amber", m^v gel some competition from Vivien Leigh, due back in this country shortly. . . "Forever Amber," incidentally, gets a sharp bit of lampooning in the new Broadway hit comedy, "Dream Girl.". . slightly different name is used in the play, though: "Always Opal." Carol Stone looked like a Christmas Carol in a rcd-and-grcen outfit as she shopped Fifth Avenue. . . Dudley Digges will have his original stage role in the movie version of Lillian Hellman's "The Searching Wind." Duke Ellington won't divulge the nature of his new composition, which he'll play for the first time Jan. 4 during a Carnegie Hall concert. . . It's not a sonata, tone poem or symphony, says the Duke. Tale of how a spree grows in Brooklyn: Thinking that the poor, abused Borough of Brooklyn has been isnored by bibulous New Yorkers who consume a disturbing number of Bronx and Manhattan cocktails each day, two former Flatbush residents, Lou Levin and his beautiful wife, Lynn Gilmore, confected a new drink and called it a "Brooklyn Cocktail" . they served it with much fanfare for the first time at Lynn's East Side glam- or restaurant, "Gilmore's," and the event was duly recorded for posterity in several Broadway columns. Now, in quiet indignation, the Hotel Now Yorker's bar and publicity departments join in nothing 'hat on January 2, 1944, a Brooklyn Cocktail was presented for the urst time in the Terrace Room of lhat mammoth rooming house The New Yorker's Brooklyn Cocktail contains rye whiskey, apricot brandy and lemon juice. Gilmore's Flatbush special contains scotch, bitters, powdered sug- nr and a smidgin of soda, served in a Dclmonica glass with one ice cube, a sliver of lemon peel and a green cherry .. . Our little Tcmp- The Winnah—in Battle of the Blouse Having won, nfler four years, Ihe censors' okay on his film, "The Outlaw," millionaire producer Howard Hughes look it off the shelf and soon Ihe public will see it, starring Jane Russell AND Ihe hubba-hubba blouse, which caused all Ihe censor-ruckus in Ihe first place Hughes also commissioned Zoc Mozert, famed painlcr of calendar cuties, to do a picture of Miss Russell wearing the garment which, having been verboten since 19-11, caused her to become known as the "movie-less movie star." Above, with Miss Russell in the final pose, Artist Mozcrl looks over Ihe paintinu which will grace billboards across Ihe nalion. Truman is Satisfied With Moscow Pact Washington, Jan. 8 —(XP)— President Truman today expressed complete satisfaction with the atomic energy and other agreements reached at Moscow by the foreign ministers of the United Slates, Russia and Great Britain. The president also told n news conference that Ihe agreements providing for recognition of the Romanian, Bulgarian and Yugoslav governments were conditional and that he would have the final say. Mr. Truman, meeting the press for the first time since the Christmas holidays, told questioners that he had no Information to indicate the Russians had developed an atomic bomb. Wednesday, January 9, BUSY Mocker, Okla., ,Tnn. 0 • ,.., . Mnrak resigned as cily mdr$ night watchman nnd water f" inlcndcnt to devole more lit his other work. Marnk Is an electrician, > plumbing and tinning and S as pressmnn and emergency seller for Ihc Mccke • r.lcrnldi,jj In his "spare" lime 'ic helpS ns waller in n cnfc operated his wife. Frank Dailcy's Terrace Room in Newark . . Cab Calloway turned down $10,000 in bookings in order to give his bandsmen a Christmas holiday. . . and with full pay! Beware Coughs from common colds That Hang Creomulslon relieves promptly II cause it goes right to the seat of j trouble to help loosen and o*. germ laden phlegm, and aid natu to soothe and heal raw, tender, flamed bronchial mucous me,.,,, brnnes. Tell your druggist to sell TOO!?* a bottle of Creomulslon with the Utt- ," derstanding you must like the way'li-"*- quickly allays the cough or you •!•!<. to have your money back. •s&v CREOMULSION for Coughs, Chest Colds, Bronchim*' cst in. a Cocktail shaker ends with the of course newsworthy nolo lhat Brooklyn's Borough President Cashmore has presented honorary membership in the Society For The Prevention of Disparaging He- marks About Brooklyn to President Frank Andrews of The New Yorker. . . but how about Lou and Lynn ' at Gilmore's. Despite weather conditions, Denny Goodman proved thai swing spots have made a poslwar comeback by busting all records at ANNOUNCEMENT: I am back from the war and have taken over management of the HAUBURTON SHEET METAL WORKS I invite my friends and the former customers to visit me. IRA HAUBURTON, JR. Washington «.. PIHKIr CO., INC.* with a casual air 1.49 But their go-with-everything look is the only offhand thing about these classic favorites; the way they flatter you is definitely planned! Perky berets, tipped.here, straight there, just for fun. And a wisp of a straw calot you'll want to trim with spring's prettiest blossoms. Felts and fabrics, Softie-Bar priced! By J. FRANK TRAGLE (Substituting for Jack Stinnett) Washington — Exlralerritorialily fills your mouth with teelh when you try to pronounce it, but a lot of people are talking about it these days . It has been applied to the dip .omatic field for years. If the Umt- d Nations Organization is established in the United States, you'll hear much more of it. Ex-mayor La Guardia of New York has staled lhat he is confident New York City eventually will be selected as the home for UNO and has suggested that some thought be given to extraterrilori- ality — a word almost as long as Mr La Guardia is tall What it means is that a- person or thins is outside of local laws. The British Embassy in Washington is regarded a part of the British Empire and the Uniled States Embassy in Moscow as a tiny segment of the USA. It makes possible a sanctuary abroad where representatives of a nation may completely mind their own business. This immunity is extended also to an ambassador or minister, his .secretaries and other aides, his family, his household servants and others officially associated with him. Technically an American cop cannot pinch an ambassador for driving his car through a stop sign or for burning down a church to see the fire engines run. In fact, if such an arrest is made, a police officer can be sentenced lo up to three years in jail and fined any amount a judge considers proper. But there are ways of checking abuses. Were a diplomatic representative to make himself obnoxious by wilfully disregarding this nation's laws, the U. S. Stale Department could make his activities known to his government. It's a good bet Iho erring diplomat would be called home. A government also can waive the right of diplomatic immunity and permit one ot' its rcprescnta- lives to be tried in a court of the nalion where an offense is corn- milled. | This diplomalic immunity — ! which is enjoyed equally by American officials abroad — sterns from something more than an effort on the part of one nation to be polite to another's representatives. It has a practical application: to permit a foreign government to conduct ts affairs abroad without interfer- |ence or molestalion. Here's an example of whal might happen if such immunity were not practiced: I Nation A and Nation B qren't practiced: Nation A and Nation B aren't on good terms. So A decides to hamper the work of B's repi-osenta- tives. It pinches the ambassador for speeding, a secretary for spitting on the sidewalk, another aide for whistling after D p. m., anc i prctly soon Ihe whole staff is locked up. Nation B then retaliales by pinching all of A'a slaff. Work is | interrupted, not only for Ihe two nations in question, but for al other nations wishing to carry 01 negotiations with A and B. MOST USEFUL NUT TREE ! The coconut palm is the mos i useful nut tree in the world. Mori ! lhan 200 different products, rang | ing from candles, native "toddy 1 j and high-class paper knife nan dies, are obtained from it. On an average surface a gallon of white paint or light tints will cover about 450 square feet of surface one coat. A "Loo e Books' A Fin the Pie"? Which is the UAW-CIO really after? Is it seeking facts—or new economic power? Does it want to know things—or run things? These questions concern you as well as General Motors. For years the facts about General Motors have been made public. In spite of this, the UAW-CIO demands a chance to look at our books, with the hint that we could meet Union demands "if the truth were really known." We have firmly declined to recognize this as a basis for bargaining: • The Full Facts are Published How much General Motors takes in eacli year—how much it pays employes—how much it pays to stockholders—how much it pays in taxes—how much net profit we make—and many other facts are plainly stated in annual reports and quarterly reports. These are broadcast to 425,000 stockholders from coast to coast- sent to newspapers and lih^ries. Additional copies are free for the asking. All Figures are Thoroughly Checked Every General Motors annual statement is audited by outside auditors. Similar figures are filed with the Securities & Exchange Commission. Does the UAW-CIO honestly believe that General Motors would or could deceive these experts? Basis of Collective Bargaining is Defined The Wagner Act lays down the rules for collective bargaining. These cover such areas as rates of pay, hours of work, working conditions. No mention is made of earnings, prices, sales volume, taxes and the like. These are recognized as the problems of management. Something New has been Added 11 s The obvious fact is tliat the UAW-CIO has gone beyond its rights^' ' under the law-and is reaching not for information but for new i'v- ! power-not for a look at past figures, but for the power i to sit in on forecasting and planning the future. A "look at the books" is a clever catch phrase intended as an opening wedge whereby Unions hope to pry their way into the whole field of management. It leads surely to the day when Union bosses, under threat of strike, will demand the right to tell what we can make, when <\ we can make it, tvhcre we can make it, and how much we must charge ,v«H-all with an eye on what labor can take out of the ' business, rather than on the value that goes into the product, 5. This Threatens All Business If the Union can do this in the case of General Motors, it can Uu it lo every business in this land of ours. Is this just imagination? Union spokesmen have said, "The Union has stated time after time that this issue is bigger than just an ordinary wage argument, that it is bigger than the Corporation and bigger than the Union." For Labor Unions to use the monopolistic power of their vast mem. bership to extend the scope of wage negotiations to include more than wages, hours and working conditions is the first step toward handing the management of business over to the Union bosses. We therefore reject the idea of a "look at the books" not because we have anything to hide but because the idea itself hides a threat to CM to all business, and to you, the public. ENERAL MOTORS "MORE AND BETTER THINGS FOR MORE PEOPLE" Opinidh tar WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Mostly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Friday, occasional rain Friday and in extreme south portion tonight; slightly warmer east and south portions Friday. ~ By James Thfadhei Neither Fish Nor Fowl 'fbe State Department has Sin . 1)1)0,000 to spend on its proposed I'oicign Information Service during its first six months of exist- dice. II has jobs for some 2000 persons In 02 countries. All it has . to do now is persuade Congress lp breathe the brealh of life into the new agency. ..< Given thai, we shall have a Termaiienl successor lo Ihe laic OWI and Office of Inter-American Affairs whose object, according lo Assistant Secretary of State Henton, is to give foreign peoples "a full and fair picliire of American life and of Ihe aims and policies of Ihe United Slates government." Its instruments will include worldwide shortwave broadcasts and wireless bulletins every day, newsreels and documentary films, periodicals and such like. Mr. Bcnton has .said Ihe new iytJeiicy has no intention of compot- ;Tng wilh foreign propaganda alii cad. He has likewise declared thai il is nol intended to compete with or supplant existing private news service's. Perhaps Mr. Ilcnlon is wise in making lliis explanation, since both foreign government propaganda agencies and non-government news service.'; are strongly established in their opposite fields. But he leaves us will; the odd and hesitant inference thai the Stale Department is going in neither for propaganda \ lor for factual news distribution. '* Only one Ihing seems definitely certain in this tepid declaration of an expensive project Mosl foreign readers and lookers and listeners are going to accept the Stale Department propaganda. They've been fed too much government-issue news and views in the pasl to believe otherwise. The State Dcpartinenl implies, by ils declaration of this proposed agency's purpose, lhat foreign peoples have been getting an inadequate and unfair picture of this 4ounlry, and a distorted irnpres- ion of its government's intentions. Rut will these foreign peo- pltjs believe lhat a government in- lormation agency, confronted with a choice, will ever fail to show that government's activities in anything but Ihc mosl favorable lighl? We doubl il. We do nol question lhal the Slate Deparlmonl's inlenlions are the best and most honest in the world. Nevertheless, this informa- ion agency seems doomed to sow 1 more contusion and to reap a har- sV'iesl of cynical "suspicion. It might be more realistic if Ihe Slate Department would cease to disclaim any propaganda agencies as best it could. Or, much belter, it might throw its influence behind Ihe growing elforls to promote n greater freedom of Ihe press Ihroughoul Ihe world. For lhat world is badly in need of a free access to news for agencies which are known and trusted, and which will give Ihc most slraighlforwarcl information thai . human frailly and prejudice will Vpermif. And we doubl that more government handouts will meet lhat need. „...-..-.'. Police Arrest Dishwasher in Kidnap-Slaying j By ROBERT LOUGHRAN ' Chicago, Jan. 10 —(UP)— Police arrested Frank Holland, •!(), a dishwasher, early today when they found him in an alley near where Suzanne Dcgnan, (i, was kidnaped, slain and her dismembered body hidden in four cesspools. Holland was arrested when he attempted to flee after police told him lo hall. In his room, detectives found a newspaper from which a picture of the slain girl had been cut. Holland denied any connection wilh the case. U/' The arrest came as police attempted to lit a shiny new door key into Ihe complex assortment of clues in the kidnap-murder. Investigators 'must ;'ind evidence sufficient lo place charges againsl Iwo janilor-suspeclc before •! p.m. loday or Ihey will be released by court order. Stale's AlloriJoy William J. Tuohy announced loday that he- did not have sufficient evidence "at this time" lo seek an indicl- nient of anyone now being held by Molice. f' Police were seekiiiH a former em- ploye of a nursery near Iho Degnan home who had been an inmate of a hospilal for Ihe insane. The search was .started after Mrs. Margaret P. Perry, Ihe nursery school operator, identified a ladder which may Iiavc been used in the kiflnap-slaying. She said she was sure it was one which was slolen some lime ago from her home. It had been used by roofers working on Ihe house. Al Jhe .same lime Mrs. Perry ' i'^j-eveald sh had dischargd a mal employe of Ihe, mirsorv about three years ago because he had queslio'nable habits. She said he once had been a mental palient at HIP Manteno. 111., state hospital bul had been discharged as cured. Detective Sgl. Jack Hanrahan said the key unlocked the door 1o the launch;- ' ronni of a Norlh Side apartment building where the little kidnap victim was cut to pieces by a maniacal killer who tried to rape her. The body was found in four parts *v":n as many cesspools. Only the arms were missing. The key. Hanrahan said, was among 21 others in the possession »of Deserc Sine!. 35-year-old former •ianilor of Iho building, a store's ''throw from the fashionable Edgewater Beach home where Suzanne , was sralchcd from her bed Mon- 'Hanrahan said that Smet "has been cleared" bv a lie detector test given lasl night but thai he had ordered the man held pending outcome of his invc-stipalion of the Urtey's origin and its implications in Hi ebizarrc slayiiiK. Smet was dcscnbed by nohce as ,-,•1 intimate of Hector Vcrburfih. tin present custodian of the build- in i' where the dismemberment was said to have occurred. Verburgh " nd Smet chief suspects, both were undcreoinK further Questioning Verburgh's wife. Mary, 64, held '•ince the rouble's arrest Tuesday nVbt. nuisl also be set frpe today under Ihe court order. The Ver- burohs and Sine! all have persis- « Continued on Page Two 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 74 Star of HODC. 1899: Press. 1927 Consolidated Januarv 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 1946 Most Unusual Shantytown Settlement of Manija, in Ancient Chinese Cemetery By HAL BOYLE Manila — (/I') — Shanlytown settlements are .scattered throughout Manila and one of Ihc must unusual lies in cemetery. ancient Chinese EM on Stars and Stripes Complaining By United Proos Enlisted men on two Pacific editions of Ihc nrmy newspaper Slars and Stripes complained today lhal Ihey were being mu/./led in their coverage of the worldwide soldier protesl against dornobolir.alion policies. A formal slalemenl by the enlisted personnel of the Tokyo Stars and Stripes claimed lhal open pressure againsl them by officers had changed Ihe paper inlo a "house organ Tor Ihe War Dcparl- nicnt." The Honolulu Stars and Slripes slaff said Ihey had received orders nol to print lollcrs or slories which . ..... ,„ ..... crilk-iy.ed "anyone in authority." wayfarer in the cemetery passes chairs. Here on holidays relatives! .. ,, uic peoples 01 me Protest inceliiiRs wore reported'near the bamboo huts. |rnme and cal great meals and world, through their rcprescnta- f ,, c - * ,. . '. . • i, : :_ n.. i_..j , ,,__ ._.! i .- ,-»_ tlVOS. l.fl mjlKP Inpir r'hninn nolwnnr-. These squatters among the dead are homeless Filipinos who have built rude bamboo and palm thatch shelters between costly Chinese tombs. With no superstitious awe of hidden bones lhal lie .around them, barefoot Filipino children shriek happily in lliis slrange playground stones UN Assembly Opens Today in London By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER London, Jan. 10 — (ypj — The Unilcd Nalions assembly, carrying forward the world's hopes for prevention of an alomic age war, came into being in battle-scarred London today and heard a bald Warning lhal il holds in ils hands Ihe choiccj of "life or death" for mankind. i The warning came from Britain's Prime Minister Clement Alt- lee after Dr. Eduardo Zuleta of ctuie, a |Colombia had called the delegates •-, ,, T - i , , .-.-• iu ^ Eu , r °P eH 2 jof Ihc 51 Uniled Nalions to order schold fires i peoples, notably the French and | al 4:03 p m ao . 03 a ,' <-.",' . Watchdogs j Italian. The outer room is fur-, frul Stlmdard^imc) ' lie doesn't want lo go empty handed inlo Ihc hereafter. Wealthy Chinese Buddhists are interred in colorful lemple slylc lombs that cost thousands of dollars. Their happy, fat bellied god laughs from tiled roofs, beneath which arc emblazoned hundreds of small figures in friezes of intricale carving and rainbow hues. Christian Chinese arc buried under great slonc or plaster slabs surmounted by stone angels or crosses. Many of Ihesc lombs are two room, roofed affairs — one while their mothers cook the even- ''rom fnr the dead, one for the living meal, thoughtless of other ing. The room containing the dc- wivc.'; rcsposing silently under Ihe , parted often has his picture, IAP)—Means Associated Press INEAl—Means Newsoaoor Enterorlse Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY have foregone life's j custom followed by some lasks and whose household long have been cold. Wat hark among Uic lombs whenever a nishcd wilh a slonc lable and from all quarters of Ihc globe. A stralors in Hawaii lhal American occupation forces be restricted to proposal was made by demonstrators in Hawaii thai -American occupation forces be restricted to former enemy territory. High officers of the European headquarters in Frankfurt, called a meeting of G. I. spokesmen and newspaper men to record the grievances aired by a crowd of more than !>,000 troops which tried to storm Gen. Joseph T. McNarney's headquarters last night. Everywhere the protesting troops demanded quicker trips home, clarification of policy and explanation why American soldiers were being kept in friendly tcrrilorics. The soldiers said they wanted to gel out of China, the Philippines, They de- in Japan France and Hawaii, n landed replacements II is an eerie cnmmunily, bul ,kccp Ihc missing one company. De- Ihere is no renl to pay. Some squatters actually make money here. They arc paid to trim memorial trees and' grass lawns on the lornbs of weallhy Chinese. parting, Ihey leave numerous lis parunu, LOUV luiive mimt.'j uus un- . , . . • sue prayer papers held on Ihc |» is blunt speech, lomb" by small rocks. ' ' "~ •"--'-•- ••• During burial services, "II is for Ihc peoples of Ihe -._„ -.. .,.,„,.._..,.„ lives, to make their choice between Hfc and death," Attlcc declared in Nationwide Telephone Paralysis is Feared Within Ne** 24 Hours Return Home All Surplus Personnel Regardless of Points, Eisenhower Says ; Dr. Zulela, temporary president „ ... , family iof the assembly, told the delegate and friends lay gifts of food on the |in the blue, cream and gold central Some arc able to keep Ihcir f ami- tomb so the dead one won'l go hun-.bfill of Wcslminsler Palace on lies by this means. ' ' ' - -----'--' --•«...." • * "--• •• Manila has a large Chinese popu- lalion and il has a large and ornate cemetery. II i;: a wilderness of stone figures and colorful designs. Many of the lombs are beautiful and elaborate and look more like open houses than graves. The Chinese bury their dead with more ceremony and expense lhan is usual in mosl lands and scorn to remember them more in other is customary in busy and Germany so combat veterans | likes lo go to his gods in all o could be demobilized. the style and greatness his purs ways America. No mailer bow he may have to scrimp in live, Ihe poorest Chinese of could be demobilized. Mass meetings continued in the Pacific and Europe. New agitation and prolcsls were reported despite efforts by military and political leaders in Washington lo reassure Ihe men. In Honolulu, the Mid-PaeTlic edition of the army newspaper Slars and Stripes received orders from lit. Gen. Robert C. Richardson, Jr., theater commander, to refrain from printing criticism of "anyone in authority." The newspaper was told .specifically not lo critici/.e President Truman, Secretary of War Robert P. Paterson or Gen. Dwighl D. Eisenhower. The Hawaiian clcmonslrators adopt"- 1 a rcsolulion for relay lo KioJ .nowcr and Gen. Douglas Mac- Arlhur slating, "we believe lhal far greater numbers of men arc held overseas than are actually purse and that of his family can afford. F. V 0 Haynie Sworn in as Police Chief s F. V. Haynie was sworn in as Chief of Police for the City of Hope by the City Clerk, T, R. Billingsley at 10 o'clock Thursday morning at the city hall. Mr. Haynie resigned as Chief ot Police, lo enter the armed forces in 1!)4(). He was discharged from the Navy Separation Center al Memphis on Sunday January (5, wilh a lolal of 40 _, months service, needed for accomplishment of du- M r. Haynie who began work inv 1-y lo heaven. After a period of I Parliament Square that all must prayer, they cat the food and lis- 1 gjye their unqualified and unhesi- len lo music. Gay music. Reccnlly, two widows of one rich Chinese met unexpectedly al his lomb on a holiday. Inslcad of a memorial picnic, there was an old fashioned hair pulling. They had argued over his will. Adjoining Catholic and Protestant cemeteries hold the same romantic fascination for young lovers as do graveyards in Ihc United Slates al nighl. Two young Filipino boys with guitars have set up in business in one cemetery. They sit on a tomb and serenade a parked couple until they are paid to go and sit on another tomb farther away. ties as prescribed by the War Department" In Korea, more than 1,000 soldiers met in a thcaler to add their protests. Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge told them he believed the War Department and congress were doing all they could to net the troops home and still fulfill" world-wide occupation needs. A detachment, of paratroopers carrying rifles broke up a rush by 5,000 soldiers in Frankfurt toward McNarncy's office lasl nighl. Al least 20 soldiers were arrested when they became rowdy, although the demonslralion broke up quiclly when Ihe paralroop rcinforcemenls arrived. McNarney was nol in his office al Ihc lime. Eight thousand soldiers on Guam held a protest meeting at Harmon Field and raised funds lo forward a 1,000-word cable lo the American Velerans Commute Headquarters. A Signal corps sergeant told the meeting lhal his company had senl 10,00(1 demobili/.alion protesl messages in Iwo days. The keynote of the speeches was lhat the army should "announce a definite plan and slick lo il." WE Employees to Picket Lines Lillle Hock, Jan. 10 — (/P)— S. M. Langle.y of Lillle Hock, agenl for approximately 125 striking West ern Electric Company employes in Arkansas, said today "picket lines would be established around exchanges and business offices of Bell Telephone slale tomorraw Ihc Southwestern Company in the morning unless Ihere were developments in Iho nationwide Western Klcetric strike before Ihen. K. N. McCall, district supcrin- londenl of Ihe lelephone company, said "we are going on Iho assumption lhal mosl of our employ- es won'l cross Ihe pickcl lines." He said inaiuial-opuralc-d long distance service would be hailed at once if operators did nol report for work. Local dial service would nol be affeclecl immediately, bul would break down eventually in the absence of necessary maintenance, he added. There is no dispute between the lelephone company and Ihc independent employes union, MeCall pointed out. The strike grew out of a wage dispute between the western electric company, the manufacturing and installation subsidiary of the Bell Telephone System, and its em- ployes. CEILING OPPOSED mediately after being sworn in replaces, Acting Chief of Police Allen Shipp who was appointed by Ihc mayor and police committee when Acting Chief John Turner resigned to accept a federal appointment. In a meeting Monday afternoon, the Police Commillee thanked Mr. Ship]) for lliH work ho had done while serving as Acling Chief. Question for Arkansas By SAM G. HARRIS Little Rock, Jan. 10 —(. most delicate political question in Arkansas today is how the Democratic congressional candidates arc going lo be nominated next .summer and who is going lo pay for it. Ji is packed with interesting potentialities — .some so fantaslic as to give a comic book complexion to tlic admittedly knotty problem. The question was posed by failure of a majorily of Ihe counties to make provisions for financing the primary elections of federal officers in accordance wilh Act 107 of 1945. This act separated the federal primaries from those in which stale officers are nominated. It provided .specifically thai the counties nay for the federal primaries. Either through design or oilier- wise most counties did not comply wuii me Now, as latter provision. election lime and nouneemcnl-for-ofl'icc lime an- ap Litlle Rock, Jan. 0 Direc- lors of the Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation have urged the Office of Price Administration not to take the "impractical step" of imposing cciliiijj prices on raw cuHoii. The group contended lhal the bulk of eollon goods costs is determined beyond the level of raw cotton production. DRIVES MALES AWAY VVidows in New Guinea, during their lengthy periods of mourning. wear coconut shells filled with foul- smelling lard, hung about their necks. This is a warning lo men lhal no marriage offers are wanted. proaches while party and state officials gingerly probe the matter, these possibilities are being dis- cused with all seriousness: 1. Counties which appropriated funds for the federal primaries can name their districl's congressional nominee wilhoul Ihe oilier conn- lies in the district having an opportunity to vole on him. 2. Disrii-ts in which no county appropriated for Ihe federal primary will nol have an 'opportunity to nominate a Democratic congressional candidate. 3. In districts where no county appropriated, the candidates' only chance lo get their names on a Ijckel will be al Ihe general election where the field would be wide open. Privately .lho.se mosl interested express hope lhal "something" will come up lo forestall the three mentioned possibilities. Some even go so far as to say that each of the possibilities is not remotely probable "because the congressional candidates and Democratic slale commillee wouldn't let that happen." However, these optimists agree that if il i.s up to the candidates and the commillee, il will be an expensive proposiion. All willing lo discuss Ihe subject agree lhal one of Ihe following iive Ihings will happen prior lo election time: Repeal of Act 107 at a special legislative session; The counties will change Iheir colleclive mind and make" the necessary appropriations; Enough "loyal" Democrats will volunteer as election officials to man the polls al the "federal" primaries; Court action will be brought in an efforl to force the quorum Continued on Page Two 15 Highways are Closed in Arkansas Lille Rock, Jan. 10 —(/I')—Arkansas' firsl 194G flood threat was alleviated furlhor loday as rainfall ceased, but damage lo slale roads already this month was said to be grealcr lhan lhal for Ihe entire year of 1945. State Highway Director J.- C. Baker said recent hard freezes, thaws and excessive rainfall were lo blame for the widespread damage. "• . •"'•. Rivers were ncaring cresls or falling today and the only traces of rain reported during the 24-hour period ended al 7 a. rri. loday were at Lillle ,Rock and Arkadelphia. The Arkansas river was still rising at all points today bul was not expected to reach flood stage anywhere. It was expected to crest al Little Rock today and at Pine Bluff tomorrow. The Ouachita river reached 34.2 feel, more Hum eight feet above flood level, at Camdcn and was rising. The river crested at 24.3 feet — seven fool above flood stage — and was falling al Arkadelphia. A cresl of 35 feel is forecast for Saturday. Flood stages were exceeded at some points on the White river, which was falling al Cotter. The While climbed to 2G.O, nearly four feel above flood level, at Balcs- ville and was rising. The Black river was seven feet above the 14-fool flood level at Black Rock and was rising. A crest is expected ut 23 feel there tomor- Highways closed in the .stale today lolalcd 15, None of those closed yesterday had been reopened. The U. S. Weather Bureau at Lillle Rock forecast cloudy weather for tonight and tomorrow, with occasional rains in Ihe south portion of the stale. By The Associated Press Flood-stricken areas of the South loday lurried lo Ihe dreary task of cleaning away mud and debris and providing shelter for those still homeless after swollen rivers in most sections began receding. The death toll stood al 23 in five stales. Property damages was estimated in Ihe millions. The Cumberland and Big Sandy rivers in Kenlucky, Ihc Tennessee river in Tennessee, Ihe Coosa in Alabama, and Thecloway and Chaltahoochee rivers north Georgia all had reached Ihcir cresls and were falling. The upper Ohio was rising, however, as were 1hc flooded walcrs of Ihe Black Warrior and Tombi- gee rivers in northweslern Alabama and norlh'-aslern Mississip- engineers in Mobile, no serious damages pi. Army Ala., said would .result from slages prcdicl- ed for Ihe latter two streams. The Red Cross in Atlanta reported at least 450 families homeless in Tennessee, Georgia and Mississippi. Congressmen Get New Auto Togs for 1946 Lilc Rock, Jan. 10 — (A 1 )—Arkansas' congressional delegation will be sold especially designed automobile tags this year for the firsl lime. Revenue Commissioner Olho Cook said license plates bearing the letters "MC" (Members of Congress) and numerals indicating Ihc homo districts will go to the rcprc- senlalives, and a lag bearing Ihe initials "MS" (Member of Ihe Senate i with the numeral "1" will go to Senator McClellan .Senator Fulbright will have the same kind of lag wilh the numeral "2." The tags will be white on black instead of the conventional black on white. tating support "to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war." iThc American delegation look seals long before the lasl of the delegates had entered the hall. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt sal on the left of Senator Connally (DD- Tcx). Secretary of State James F. Byrnes sal on Connally's right. They chatted and laughed during the last minutes before the two raps from Dr. Zulcta's gavel threw open the session. • The galleries overflowed and many p_ersons stood in the .corridors, unable to get in. Curious citizens began ghatering early in the streets outside, under Ihe rainbow of the 51 flags of Ihc nations assembled within. By noon a crowd of 100 had queued up for admittance to the public gallery. Aboul 700 delegates held places on the assembly floor and the gallery offered seats for another 1,000 reporters, photographers, guests and plain citizens. .'-••The session moved toward a last-minute dispute over election of an assembly president for the London meeting only. The United St.,,.. 1 - and P,-.";sia arc supporting Trygvc Lie, Norwegian foreign minister. Britain is backing Dr. Paul Henri Spaak of Belgium. The election is scheduled as the only formal business of the firsl -meeting, i A question,arose immediately as tj,,,*yhither tbj^y yould .upset infernal ••'agreements "made earlier among the big powers to support Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Egypt, the Netherlands and Poland for the six non-permanent places on the security council. Great Britain originally had favored Colombia rather than Mexico. "The coming of the atomic bomb was only Ihe last of a scries of warnings to mankind that, unless the powers of dcslruclion could be controlled, immense ruin and almost annihilation would be Ihe lot of mosl ot the highly civilized portions of mankind," the British leader told Ihc representatives of 51 nations assembled at ancient Wcstminsler Palace. Atlloe said, "I welcome, llicrc- fore, Ihc decision to remit the whole problem of control of atomic energy to a commission of the United Nalions Organization." This decision was made at the pre-Christmas conference of the Big Three foreign ministers in Moscow. It calls for setting up an 11-inan commission. "Here is an invention fraught with immense possibilities on the one hand of danager and on the other of advantage to the human race," Atllec declared. "It is for the peoples of the world, through their representatives, to make Ihcir choice between life or death. Let us be clear as to what is our ultimate aim. "It is not just the negation of war, bul creation of a world of security and freedom, of a world which is governed by justice and the moral law." In phrases strikingly reminiscent of Abraham Lincoln's words at Gettysburg, Ihe prime minister declared: "We who arc galhcred here lo- day in Ihis ancient home of liberty and order arc able to meet together because thousands of brave inen and women have suffered and died that we may live. It is for us today, bearing in mind the great sacrifices that have been made, to prove ourselves no less courageous in approaching our great task, ous in approaching our great task, no less patient, no less self sacrificing. "We must and will succ'ed." Atllec reminded the delegates, who seek to organize peace machinery designed to prevent an atom-powered World War III, that "we ha,ve learned from past mis- lakes." "The old League of Nations suffered from many disabilities, mosl of all perhaps because two great nations, the United Stales of America and Ihe Union of Socialist Soviet Republics, were nol present in ils formative stages," he said. But, he asserted: "To make this organization a living reality we must enlist the support, not only of governments, but of the masses of people Ihroughoul the world. They must understand that we arc building a defense for the common people." The British prime minister raised again the thought of the four.freedoms set forth by the late President Roosevelt. "In the purposes of the United Nalions Organization we have linked with the achievement j 1 freedom from fear the delivery oi' mankind from the peril of wanl," lie said. "To the individual citizen the specter ofcconomic insecurily is more constant, more imminent, than Ihe shadow of war." He added that "every individual can be brought to realize lhal Ihings that are discussed in the Continued on Page Two Washington, Jan. 10 —(/I 1 )— GI demonstrations overseas against the demobilization slowdown were called "near mutiny" today by Senalor Edwin C. Johnson (DD- lo), "dislressing and humiliating ,o all Americans." Johnson formally called upon the Senate Military committee to summon Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower "at the earliest possible moment" for a full invcsligalion. Johnson, a member of the committee, asked Congress to take a hand in Ihe situation after the War Department disclosed it was undertaking to recast its entire dc- „- „!_; i: : ._ _. .__ mobilizaion program. The increasing pressure from iscd thai Ihe revised plan would bo forthcoming "shortly." Despite Eisenhower's order and the promise of a new demoboliza- tion program, increasing dissatisfaction with the entire situation was voiced on Capitol Hill by some lawmakers returning for the opening session of congress next O New York, Jan. 10 — (UP) —A new union proposal was submitted to the Western Electric company loday as federal concilialors 'made a last ditch effort to end a telephone installation workers strike which threatened to paralyze nationwide telephone communications. William D. Barry, president of the New York local of the Association- of Communications Equipment Workers (Ind.), 7,704 members of which struck yesterday, announced submission "of the new union proposal during the luncheon recess in negotialions. He said that if the comoany accepted it, the strike would be alled plans week. Senator George A. Wilson (R- changes in 44 states would be cancelled. disgruntlcd GI's demonstrating overseas obviously was a factor affecting both the congressional and army approach to the problem. Eisenhower, army chief of staff, authorized theater commanders, pending issuance of the new demobilization program, to return home "all surplus personnel regardless oGf '"their point scorelt. In a letter to Chairman Thomas of the Senate Military committee, Johnson declared "no American Army must evei be permitted by congress to degenerate into a mob. What musl our neighbor nations think of such an outrageous display of irresponsibility?" Johnson also asserted that the War Deparlmcnl was repudiating "solemn pledges" about demobilization made to congress last September by Gen. George C- Marshall, then chief of slaff. However, Gen. Jacob L. Devcrs, chief of army ground forces, contended in a speech that public clamor for bringing the boys back immediately is "jeopardizing our security and wrecking the moral of men needed to maintain the peace. The anouncement that the army was redrafting its demobilization program.,. than a week Iowa) was of Ihe opinion that both army and navy release programs are so snarled that only congressional aclion can get them untangled. He told reporters he will propose that congress order the release by April 1 of all enlisted personnel except volunteers or drafles with less than a year's service. Disclosure that a detailed new army demobilization program is in the works was made yesterday by Acting Secretary of War Kenneth C. Royall, who released Eisenhower's cabled directive instructing overseas commanders to expedite the return of surplus personnel regardless of point scores. This directive from the army chief of staff specified, however, that priority should be given men wilh Ihe highest scores and the longest service. General Devers voiced his concern about the demobilization picture last night in an address at Colorado Springs, Colo. He said the job of occupation was handed lo the army "by the president, the congress and the people" and required "a large number of men." "It is up to the people," he asserted, to decide whether they want the army rapidly disbanded or given "requisite occupational forces" lo help win the peace. The possibility of uprisings, due to food shortages, made this winter a critical time in' both Europe and Ihe Pacific, he contended. First definite evidence of con- after the War Department ordered its demobilization slow-down which touched off the scries of GI dcmon- slralions in the Pacific and Europe. This slow-down order was the first drastic change in demobilization policy since the broad general program was announced afler V-E day. There what lines the new demobilizalion program would follow, but the army prom- gressional intention to look into recent GI demonstrations developed today when a group from the House Military Committee went • to Andrews field in nearby Maryland. Air force GI's and WAC's demonstrated there earlier this week. There were no immediate plans, however, for investigations of the more spectacular demonstrations in Manila, Yokohama and Frankfurt, according to the committee's counsel, H. Ralph Burton. Need Cotton Pickers in Lillle Rock, Jan. 10 (Special) As soon as the weather takes a turn for the belter, and dryer, employment will be available for all who will accept it, in Arkansas's collon fields. Literally, thousands of cotton pickers will bo needed, and quickly, if the 400,000 bales of un- harvestecl collon is brought to market. A labor shortage has hampered growers Ihroughoul Ihc late season, interrupted repeatedly by rains which not only have retarded picking but have lowered the grade of Ihc cotton. The Uniled States Employmcnl Service docs nol figure in recruil- ing of farm labor except incidentally. That is the funclion of the farm labor office of Ihe slale Agricultural Extension Service. Farm I Labor Supervisor Walter M. Coop' er agreed with an assertion by a Pulaski county grower that prisoners of war have picked most of the cotton taken out of Arkansas fields lliis crop year. POW's Out-Pick Civilians "All during Ihc production season," Mr. Cooper said, "there were about 7,000 prisoners of war working in the collon fields and al lliis lime we have 0,000 at work. However, the War Department has warned thai by February '2K we I musl dispense with the service of ' Ihcsc men, as (hey are lo be senl back to Germany. "Although not familiar with the picking technique, 100 prisoners of war arc equal to 200 or 300 civilian workers because the prisoners work at command and are in the fields every day that weather and crop conditions permit. Civilian workers too often are 'floaters' who work until they have enough money lo drift on to another locality. "Farmers have had about 80 per cent of the labor supply which they need. This 20 per .cent shortage plus the bad weather accounts for the unharvcsted 35 per cent of the cotton crop. As soon as the picking season was over in the hill counties, the Extension Service went inlo those sections and got between 4,ii()0 and 5.000 pickers for the delta. "Normal labor conditions, :uig- mcntcd by the prisoners of wr.r. along with on-lhc-farm labor w nild have furnished the; 30.000 lo -10.000 workers required lo gather in the year's crop economically." Jobs to be Open Soon Even after the rains stop, n is probable that a week will .KIVO to elapse before the ground will have dried out sufficiently for picking lo bi- resumed. Then, the question will be: Where can pickers be found? Many a parly is given for Ihe pleasure of not inviting someone. off to immediately, and all picket telephone ex- By United Press Government labor officials ad- Truce Ordered in China's Civil Strife Chungking, Jan. 10 —OT— Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek an nounced today, shortly after a truce had brought an immediate end to China's civil war, that the government had decided to legalize all political parties. He said the government woulc free all purely political prisoners granl Ihc people freedom of speech and promote local self government. Chiang opening the political consultation conference almost simultaneously with the conclusion of the cease fire agrement, announced the governmct had decided to: 1—Grant the people freedom of person, conscience, speech, publication, and association and to safeguard the magainst illegal arrest and trial. 2—All political parties shall be equal before the law and may operate openly within the law. 3—Local self-government will lac- lively be promoted in all places and popular elections will be held. 4 — Political prisoners, except traitors and those found to have committed definite acts injurious lo Ihe republic, would be released. Gen. Chou En-Lai, No. 2 Com- HHinisl leader, approved the four points and said they were basic for achieving constilulional government. Gen. George Marshall, special U. S. envoy to China, broke the deadlock in Chinese negotialions for a truce last nighl by visiling Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek. Differences over wording a cease hoslililies order were ironed out. It was believed that Chiang agrcd to modify his previous insistence thai the Nationalists should occupy certain specified strategic areas in the Inner Mongolian provinces of Chahar and Jehol. The "cease fire" order was issued after Gen. Chang Chun, government representalivc, and Gen. Chou En-Lai of the Communists meeling wilh General M»>'Bhall, special U. S. envoy to China, reached an agreement in a surprise meeting, held nine hours ahead of schedule. The order was issued by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and Mao Tse-Tung, Communist chairman al Yenan on the basis of the agree- inent reached by the committee. Military commanders on both sides were directed to halt all troop movements, except for the transport of government troops into or within Manchuria to -ostore Chinese sovereignty. The order also prohibits dcslruclion of •—and interference with — all lines of communications. General Marshall agreed shortly after his arrival in China three weeks ago to assist an outlining procedures for a cessation of hos- Continued on Page Two mittcd new.optimism today in at- empts to avert scheduled walkouts in the steel and meat packing 'ndustries but feared a nationwire .elcphone paralysis within the next 24 hours. With 389,000 U. S. workers al- eady idle and another 2,000,000 ;hreatening strike action, the ma- 'or developments shaped up as folows: 1. Striking installation workers said they would set up picket lines tomorrow around 775 telephone exchanges from coast to coast. Mem- aers of the National Federation of Telephone Workers Union have pledged to respect the lines. 2. CIO and U. S. Steel Corp. officials were to resume negotiations today after the government reportedly agreed to price increases of $4 to $5 a ton to help the corporation meet union wage demands. About 700,000 steelworkers are slated to strike Monday. 3. An unannounced price relief offer was made to two of the big meat packers which government officials hope will prevent a strike of 335,000 AFL and CIO meat workers, scheduled for Wednesday. 4. Members of the General Motors fact-finding panel expected to submit their recommendations to President Truman today for settling a strike of 175,000 CIO auto workers: "5. The'< Telephone Traffic Union, another NFTW affiliate, anounced long distance and nJanujil service in Washington would be disrupted for an indefinite period beginning at 11 a. m. (EST) while operators met to discuss a local grievance. Federal conciliators worked feverishly in last-minute attempts to end a strike of nearly 8,000 Western Electric Co. employes and stave off a communications tieup affecting all but four of the 48 states. The strikers, members of the Association of Communications Equipment workers, who install and maintain switchboards and other technical equipment, quit work yesterday in a wage dispute. Western Electric acknowledged that the strike was "effectively complete" in 44 states and predicted a virtual communications paralysis if picket lines were set up around exchanges in key cities of the national telephone svslem. The walkout followed by 24 hours a strike of Western Union employes that crippled telepgrah'ic communications in New York City and two adjacent New Jersey counties. Approximately 17,000 other Western Electric employes — members of the Western Electric Employes Association — already were on strike in New York and New Jersey in a different dispute. Nathan P. Feinsingcr, chairman of the stceJ fact-finding panel, announced late yesterday that the U. S. Steel Corp. and the United Steel Workers (CIO) would resume negotiations on the union's demand for a $2-a-day wage boost. The company previously had said it could not negotiate until it had been granted an increase in prices. Edgar L. Warren, conciliation service director, disclosed in Chicago lasl night that he had made a price relief offer to two of the big four meat packers to assist them in settling their wage dispute will? CIO ard AFL unions. The companies, meeting in a three-day mediation conference, wore to submit a new wage offer in the light of the proposed price boost. Best previous offer was for a 7—1-2 cent hourly raise, compared to the 25-cent union demand. Representatives of the CIO Electrical Workers and General Electric met yesterday in fruitless negotiations over the union's $2-a-day wage demand. A strike, involving 200,000 workers is scheduled Tuesday against GE, Westinghouse and the Eleclrical Appliance Divison of General Molors. While production remain halted in General Motors' automo- live planls, the UAW resumed contra cl negotialions wilh the Ford Motor Co. amid signs of a speedy settlement of the controversial wage issue. The lalks undoubtedly would be influenced by a new contract between the UAW and the infant Kaiscr-Frazer Corp., which the union said saitisfied its pay demands. Elsewhere .Navy officials interceded with union leaders in an at- lempl to prevent a strike of Seattle bus drivers, and Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. workers in Memphis, Tenn., voted 2,792 to 113 in favor of a strike. In Washington, the Department of Labor reported that approximately 4,600 work stoppages resulted from labor-management disputes in 1945, a drop of 346 from the 1944 figure. However, 1,209,363 more workers were involved in 1945 disputes than in the previous [year. I 1 il; I ,ii I i H 1 l j ir a ~i jJ •1 ; r I \ 1 A

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