Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 3, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 3, 1946
Page 1
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Sjil^iiJ^iSS^i^W^*^^^ ; f "V •'••'•• '•< ' Pag* Six Man of Year is Bewildered Little Guy By JAMES MARLOW Washington, Dec .31 — (>Vv—Once more the man of the year Is the bewildered little guy, any little guy who has lived through nnother 365 days, trying to them, day by day. understand Bumping along in the bus this last day of the year, he shuffled again in his mind the pieces of 1945. It was like taking a deep breath before diving headlong into 1946. He remembered \vith a strange. uncomfortable feeling the dark be ginning of 1945. The Germans had banged through at the Battle of the Bulge. The war with Japan. The end, when? President Roosevelt for the fomth time took the oath of office, an old and tired Roosevelt now. He went to Yalta. The unforgctable pictures of him there: That sick, thin face. We were choking the Germans now. The Krauts heaved and shook and trembled. President Roosevelt said "I have a terrific headache" and died. Harry S. Truman stepped into Mr. Roosevelt's place. It. was place in history. He knew it. Everyone did. America wished him well, and waited. The roof fell in. Mussolini was killed and hung upsida down like a pig on a hook outside'a filling station in Italy. The blood, like sawdust, ran out of the would-be Caesar. And Hitler, the unhappy bridge- groom, went up in smoke. Or did he? - Troops came home or went to fight Japan and — bang. The Other Things Need Attention From Congress By J. W. DAVIS Washington, Dec. 31 —(/P) — Atomic energy and merging the armed forces are not the only things claiming Congress' attention. A check on the legislative sheet showed today there are also such matters as: Proper lighting for cabooses. An item of $3,230,207.18 for heirs of New England skippers who lost their vessels to French men of war more than a century ago. A bill authorizing the Interior Department to settle claims for damage done by migratory bird Measures which would designate 26 different days for observance. These include 'OLD Folks Day" and "National Arthritis Day." And H. R. 1096. They would flatly prohibit the unauthorized importation of garbage. The caboose bill is simple. It merely authorizes the Interstate Commerce Commission to jar the railroads on the matter. But the .case of the plundered merchantmen requires some telling. Back in 1800, France and the United States agreed to drop national claims against each other. These had grown out of French- British warfare at sea. But to this date, say descendants, the Uniled States has never made good the losses suffered by owners of some 1.300 brigs, schooners and other ships which the r rench seized. Reimbursement measures won the support of President Taft HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS shima. In his . atomic bomb. It took the little guy a while to realize what had hit the world when the bomb hit Hiro- life time, he wondered, would the world bury the bomb and find a way to let the atom run his car or .light a city. Now the troops were "coming home by millions. America turned to peace. Some of the things of peace, like autos and washing machines and even clothes were not here yet. Maybe in 19-46, everyone 'said. " Strikes burst like' flames across th land. 1910 and President Collidge in 1924. Collidge on the subject: "The United States ought to pay its debts." Senator Walsh (D-Mass) is the author of the pending bill, which is resting in the Senate Claims Committee. Walsh has another looking-backward bill hung up somewhere in the Senate hoper. It would square a $283,885.32 account Massachusetts ran up for harbor and coast defenses in the civil war. Broadway •f By JACK O'BRIAN New York — Ingrid Bergman's cool, Scandinavian beauty hits a We had joined the United Na- ;n ? ovl ?. la 'V s eye no matter which tions. Congress did what it should, dlrectlon he turns around Broad- internationally. But it turned a cold 'r Vay '- ,' '• At , Racll ° Clt y Music Hall, and stony face toward the things li" 5 ?, I s Jr a XV" 8 a nun in " The President Truman wanted done at ? clls ^ SL Mar - v s " • • - at the home. The little guy knew, deeply and Astor Theater, she's lady psychiatrist. a beautiful .nt 5M.v j\nuw. uuupiv ana tr^r, ' " _j rnM—r' ' ,' ari " **t the -neasily, that all was not well with Hoi ywood Theater she's a slight- the world. There was the huge sus- ly i P,- pnS ^ ne , lasS r' l £S flirt »ng. picion between America and Rus- , ca 1 ? uli }. l l ng Cl '<=ole of Edna Fcr- sia. There was fighting in Java '^ rs fs ^ ato = a Trunk.". . . This trouble in Iran, bombings in Pales- ''I 1 ,?,,,? 1 J^ a PPearances concur- tine. rently at three of the largest The little guy was going home to B ' B °^ way flicl f er P a . lac ^s — includ- steaks and butter. There was lng - l ^ e largest movie house in tho plenty of both now. His wife had a new pair of nylons, just bought. But something, which should have been joyful because the war .. Hall — 2rid some sort of record, plus the fact that her overwhelming popularity right now has turn- was over s'tirred within" him like fi? tne a 110 " 1 ' 0 ? 1 ° f the owners of an old hurt UKe .|the many small, expensive movie As he got off the bus he thought £° Llse . s °- n the ,, fashionable East of shattered, cold, bleak hungry I u lo ner oldcr slarrln S efforts, Europe, of dishartcned hungry S, u ^ ,, as " For Whom the Bell people everywhere I? 011 ?.- • • • Ingrid most certainly He hoped it would be a little I JSTa "-°. ve - r town just now easier and a little better for all A Ingrid ls ™ l the onl - v Academy men in 1946. He felt that out of the ! Awai ' d winner underfoot these suffering of the world now the >u^ laay , s - ' i a "d nights. . . Bing Cros- ture of the world was bei'n<* i by ha - s b l en do '" B lne lown ' inl01 'shaped. ° ' spersmg his visits to Toots Shor's, He knew that the suffering of a man anywhere somehow was his i , Twenty-one and otner aloon wlt slde tnps D 1 - uc , own suffering. He wished the pain 1° p ^ a , del P^ a .- w ,here he ook sew would end I eral looks at "Neine Bly, " a musi- -- — — - _ __ I cal comedy in which he has more 'than a casual theater fan's interest. | It's said The Groaner would like • to play the lead in a film version. . the music for the show was written by a couple of his close pals — also Academy Award fellows — Johnny Burke and Jimmy Van Heusen. . . i'i'ney copped the plastic wartime I Oscar with their score for "Going, I My Way," and have been writing i tunes to fit Bing's baritone tonsils itor a decade .. . Their score for "Nellie Bly" has been praised by the out of town reviewers although ] the show itself is, we hear, in need Of a good director. I Incidentally, seven Academy i Award winners were concerned in the filming of "The Bells of St Mary's." . . . They arc Bing and I the luscious Bergman, of course; QUANTITY FOR YOUR MONEY In Morollne, Petroleum Jelly. A medicine chest "must."For minor burns — cuts, and bruises. Do Something TODAY to Prevent a Fire! ANNUAL FIRE LOSS RECORD Classification Dwellings Stores and Shops Manufacturing Plants Motor Vehicles Apartments and Rooming Houses Garages and'Filling Stations Hotels and Boarding Houses Restaurants and Taverns Theaters and Amusement Halls Churches ..: Schools Hospitals and Institutions All Others Total No. of Fires 330,000 48,000 37,000 57,000 46,000 27,000 I 1,000 10,000 4,500 2,600 2,500 1,100 73,000 650,000 No. of Fires 107,000 67,000 53,000 49,000 42,000 26,000 21,000 Cause Smoking and Marche^ Defective cr Overheated Chimneys and Flues Misuse of Electrical Equipment and Defective Wiring Defective Heating Equipment Soarks en Wooden Shingle Roofs Children Playing with A/latches Carele'ss Handling of Flammable Liquids EVERYDAY FACTS ABOUT FIRE 1,800 fires — 28 deaths by fire. 1,000 home fires. 130 store fires. 100 factory fires. 7 church fires. 7 school fires. 3 hospital fires. 6e qlerf to the danger of fire. Assume a personal responsibility to prevent fires. Help to sqve lives and property. ROY ANDERSON Hope, Ark. Phone 810 21 OS. Main BYRNES GREETED BY HALIFAX ON RETURN TO U. S.-Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, center, is greeted by Lord Halifax, left, British Ambassador to the U. S., and Dean Achcson, Undersecretary of State, right, shortly after his arrival at the Washington National Airport. Byrnes attended the Minister's Conference in Moscow, Russia. (NEA Telephoto) CARN'VAL By Dick Turner Washington *'*%. 'How cf.ii we Imve ;i <k-cnit picUi.-l lint; when nil the sign naintcfs arc: on strike?" MR. M£%RVWEATHER / ~^-.^ ^ f By J. FRANK TRAGLE Substituting for Jack Stinnett Washington — "Sergeant, open a can ot guns." That isn't so far-fetched as it sounds. The Army already has canned some surplus materials and plans to do a whole lot more — including 90mm guns and tanks. Faced wilh the problem of what to do with the 3,700,000 vehicles, 750,000 arlilU ry pieces and :iO,000.- 000 small a< ns left over from the war, Army l rclnancc hit upon the idea of pad .tying the surplus in containers >iat would prolcct them from r <i and dirt. The Army irclnancc Association magazine Fii nower describes the process as c. ting about five per cent of the . -iginal cost of the wcaon.Th at vould be about •>!.500 for a $;»'•,'JO tan!; •-c'nrl clu-ap when ii .:. icmombcml that an ovenum! alom: might run as high as $"),U(K . Orcln;,; c-e rloseribc-s Iho piiehatf- ing process its Rilling into two Ciite- «ories. short and !oni{ t«rm. For j short iilnrngi 1 (hi? weapon IK packed I with silien jjc-l, which suck:; inois- i un'c from tile air, and then is I sprayed with a plastic coating in ' protert it from thi? dirt and wf'Ullv or. When lhe weapon is needed the ienlhi.'i'-Ukc coating is peeled off. Knr long-term stnrufie the weapon is placed in an air-tight steel can with silica grl tr-imnnniss in- Mdt'. Air, which loiuiins ru.Hl.-ca.Us* in;.! oxygtri, is sucked frurn the can and nitrogen is pumped in. Thus i:iiu:kaMV r '^ 'he wctipon can be .stored indefinitely. Ordnance expects Ihis development to make noKsihle the storage of weapons in flic VMS-WHS iheatL'i 1 -where they might, ho culled upo'il 'o bo used. Money would be snv-itl! because large storehouses wo'.iVl not be necessary. Uui ing the war much <:i.[mp- monl, stored for only comparatively short period;.-, was lo;;t to rust before It could bo put into action iiQiiinsl (hi! enemy. This was especially Uuo on some of I'.ic tropical islands of lhe Pacific. An ordiiitncc spokesman said U'-neral j-crvicc vohicios such as L rucks would not bn packaged because they become obsolete too (.illicitly and lonj?,-ierm storage would be senseless. But tanks would be ciinncr' because there is little (.-hange n- lank design m peacetime. |j: incipally because funds usually arc not available for such exiwnsi'. <• development.. Although '. -dnancc has experimented wi'.h all types of packaging, largo-scale operations will have to await the availability of funds. Much credit for the development must go to LI. Gen. Levin H. Campbell, Jr., chief of Ord- nar,< Twenty-five years ago Campbell, then a captain at .Rock Island Arsenal, experimentally canned some 75mm recoil mechanisms in oil. When World War II ^ainc along America began searching frantically for weapons to be shipped to England. Ordnance officers opened General Campbell's canned goods and found the mechanisms as good as new. 'Junks' $80,000 Worth of Liquor If you're one of the many who squawk nt the quality of much ot today's liquor, you'll give a cheer for Louis Boldrcghini, Houston liquor dealer. Declaring that hu was tired ot selling "junk" to his customers, he consigned SBO.UOO woilh of liquor to the city dump. Photo shows his order being can led out. Said Public Ucnefaclor Boldreghini: "It's worthless wartime stulT, not lit lor my customers." sub-Arctic islands. The Aleuts themselves have had some language difficulties. While under Russia they had to learn Russian. When converted to Christianity they were required to learn Old Slavonic, the language of the Russian Orthodox Church. Now, with a new dictionary, '-!;t" can start learning English. With' a now alphabet Ihry can brush up .... Aleut. The dictionary is the product of . Mvr, n.on—Ivan Vcniainiiuiv. •.•/ho , iati'.T bi'i rune Inokonli, the Aluti-o- ] ptililan Archbishop of Mi-scow lai-.d K!.,h.-,rd H. Gi-n;',h..|.;;ui. ,1 IXib- jlin-bnni authority on lanj-jagos. Vonrmiinov. born in !797, wns ri'i: in So l.'iiiilaskn in \'i',:>'.i as a mis- jiiuiiaiv. His i-ftoris to put the native tumuir?!.; into wiilm" resulted in his puhli.shmj.', ol •.( "Dictionary i)l tin. 1 All-ill-Kiix Language-" in li'..'-M. 'Mils is thi: volume which has ju,:l bi-i'ii translated into English. C:fi:«in;mni v/.is a distinguished Uxlnul scholar who eventually i-ntli..-(l up in Alaska as in officer o"f ilu- I mlrci Elates District Court. At UK.- UIVK- of his death in Km he was cnirlilod with having a deep knowledge of more than 200 language. 1 ; and dialects, ur.jghcgan did the early editing Sailors Not Sure About New Uniforms Washington, Jan. 1 —• (/l'i— The sailor in the street had mixed reactions today to the navy's proposal to monkey with his monkey suit. In a poll taken by this reporter, the sailors favored a change by about 2 to 1. The navy started all this by clis- Wednesday, January 2, 1946 Ceiling Prices Soon for Fresh Citrus Fruit & Washington, JuJn. 1 —-(U1M — Ceiling prices are going back on fresh citrus fruits .soon with the approval of economic .Stabili/.ation Director John C. Collet. Collet, it was learned, will .send out a letter anlhori/ing the Office of Price Adniiniiit.ration to restore' llio ceilings us soon us his office reopens after the holidays. '•• OPA IK oxpciMed to issue ; the nccessiiry ordcis as sooriM us the letter is received. JA Prices of fn.'.sh citrus fruits hav™ more than doubled in some cascfji' .since controls were dropped Nov ( 19 and OPA repeatedly has asked Collet for permission to rcimpose ceilings. The custom of wearing rings was transmitted by the Greeks iind Klruscans to the Humans. closing last night tha til is considering a new uniform. Under thjMtaj. proposed new jysiun. ordinarjV' trousers will replace the old bellbottoms, and a jumper type .shirt will he used instead of the present s!;iti-liglit juniper. This outfit, l lie navy hastily explained, is just in the trial stage. It will be three month;; before lests are completed and recommendations made. Lemon Juice Recipe Checks Rheumatic^ Pain Quickly If you milter frftm rhfMimMIn, nrthrltl.i .'or rxMtrltlR pull), try ttil.H Hltnpln InnxpritHlvn homo rrclpft that tlmiiimmln uro imlrik'. Ot n imck- ««n of Itii-Kx ('011111(111,1111. n two-week nii|i|ily, toilny. Mix It With iv ijiiiirt of water, add ttio Julro nf 4 Inmnitn. U'fl rimy. Nn inmMn itl nil and ptcniHaitl. You m-oil only ,1 lnblofjp<wiii- fnlH two ttnicH u d.iy. nflm within 4K hutirn — Hnrnctlnirn overnt^lit — spit-mild n'sultH iirti nbliilncd. If tho ptilitn do not quickly Icnv'o ami If you do not fc-H lie tier, rot urn tho t'tnply piickitKn and Hu-Dx will rom you nothing to try n« It ID mild by your druKwIat under nn iibsnhitu money-buck gunnuitrf. Ttu-fi Compound IB for tmlu uml recommended -® oi the dictionary. When he died Miss Frederick Martin of New York, as associate, completed the job. The new Aleut alphabet has li! characters similar in appearance to those in English but pronounced quite differently. The "x" for example is pronounced like a hard •ch." Two characters, "ng" and "s" wilh a Cabled roof over it, are so difficult to explain lhal only an i Aleut student would be interested. John I'. CUT Ttu-Kjc ed b\4fe. • Real Estate I f you arc in Ihc market to buy or sell Farm land . or City Properly, call or sec Calvin E. Cassidy Phono 489 Hope, Ark. Arkansas Bank Building * and Producer Leo McCarey, ai^o chiding several GI v/inncrs. . . producer of "Going My Way.". . .'Membership will be confined to eorge Barnes, a cameraman — "Cinematographoi" is the dignified manner in which RKO Radio Pictures refers to Lonsman f/Ir. B. and Dudley Nichols, a screen •vrilor, who copped his Oscar for his great screen play, "The Infor- , limited : whose number dramalic 9!' youngslers literature con- mer.". Huesen. and Bui-k and Van That's a whale of u lot •jf prize-winning talent to be tossed | into one picture ar.d one movie as Radio house, even one so hu jCity Music Hall. i Not satisfied to be one of I biggest theatrical agents in I business, Lcland Ilaywai'd the the .. decided to become a Hioadway pro. ducer. . . so he produced "A Bell | For Adano," which despite the fact jlhat the movie was released at i the same time, made a small i'or- | lune. . i another : Union," vinced the dignified Theater Guild Sang that they needed a bit of a shove along the rocky writing road. Valerie Hobson, a British screen star who caused a ripple which ran all the way across the Allanlic and somehow or other gol to Hollywood, will make films here as soon ;is soon as she finishes her Dick- cnsian emoting in "Great Expectations." Miss Hobson's trip to this side is somewhat of a lend-lease arrangement. . . A bright, sawed-off sprite named Kirn Hunter, the first Ameiican starlet to go lo Eng- smasheroo. by Lindsay land his next try will be "Portrait in Black," scheduled lo have started Dec. 27 in New Haven. Ger- ;aldine Kitzpsclrald and John Howard j arc starred. American producers, arrived back her«! in New York lhe olher day after finishing a film in .London ar.d Grouse. . called "A Matter of Life and now he conies up with " "State of lhe New York — Fred Kelly, talented dancing brother of Gene Kelly of the screen. an active teip.'ii- chorean around here despite the fact that his brother's extravagant Hollywood success ha.s tention away from his and excellent terping. expected lo go into a taken uw:i .agile . . He is .Broadway pint has "her heart show in the Snring. . . and mean- ed by a fellow m while is tuning his tooiaies by appearing in a revival of "Babes In Toyland" over in New Jersey, at the Monte-lair Theater. The Theater Guild lias land under a talent-swappin langcmenl between British and Death." Kim didn't have too much to say about her British film experiences, except the usual "I love it" a'ttir Hide. . . but she was volubly, de- I'iniiely, almost hysterically glad to Set back to these shores. . . . She was more interested in getting home than slier was lo get over in the first place ,eyen though her leading man was David Niven. . . Piofessionally, Kim thinks David is a heck of a hunk of guy. . but personally, this I'ivc-feel-threo half- l firmly pocket- named Bill Balda Marine captain who is, less travclsoine husband. in moments, Kim's the part Washington — "Tumanin Adaq 'aman akuxtxin inin kingin; assan amcug'asaclag'la." Mosl of you, of course, will not recognize this immediately as lhe beginning of of The Lord's Prayer. If you can'l read it, there's no reason to 1'c.el particularly inferior. It's in Aleut. A literal translalion is: "For-us father who thou art heavens on them; thy name il-lo- bc-cxceedingly praised." There are about 6,000 American citizens of the far north who speak Aleut. On Jan. 15 the Interior Department will issue the firsl Aleut- English dictionary, and the Aleut- speaking people will receive a new alphabet, using characters similar lo those in English. The Aleuts 'inhabit the Pribilol! islands, the Alaska peninsula and, of course, the Aleutians, They have been under American sovereignly for 78 years — since 1867 when Alaska was purchased from Russia for $7,200,000. As can be imagined, conversation wilh these Bering sea citizens has been difficult. For afte' 1 one has succeeded in reaching them, the peculiarities of their Eskimoid dialect are such as lo make Aleut virtually a separate language. This, says the Interior Dcparl- smcnt is a result of the Aleuts be- | ing isolated for many years on; Tires arc ration f rco now but it doesn't mean thai 1 there will be enough tires for everyone. We Are Taking Orders NOW Wo have a shipment of U. S. Royals on the way and they will socn be hero Come in and place your order now and as soon as Ihe tires arrive you will be noli Ned. We arc saving 25 per cent of these tires for emergency sales. Don't wait. Come in today and place your orcJer now. No Deposit is required. • THERE IS A LIMIT OF 2 TIRES PER CUSTOMER Insist On U.S.Royals about Detroit, since she moved ! from there lo Miami, when she j was a youngster. . . and after a ly-1 pical hardwork childhood and girl-1 "nod of practicing time-steps, back- j flips, singing and dramatics, Kim i finally caught the passing eye of a film director while playing stock in Baltimore. This i'ellow suggested Hollywood might very well be ripe lor her talents about just then, and she headed west and sure enough, Producer-agent David O. Selznick gave her the doublc-O.- Sel/.nick and signed her up. . She went forthwith 10 London lo play Kir:i gol to her sudden interna- [girl." .... -.ililut- tional eminence by way of Dclroit ed a pla.vwi-iling seminar. . . Nine ! where she was born Janet Cole. . playwughls have been invited, in-if' . . doesn't remember much baby years of a "typical American This typical youngster js old and has a year-old and according to Mr. O'Selznick, a Jot of talent. . Could be! 220 W. 2nd Your Ford Dealer for 27 Years Phone 277 Voice of Opinion By James Thranhci — Pearl Harbor and Unification Any supposition that President Truman's decision in favor of n unification of the armed forces wns influenced by the congressional Pearl Harbor investigation would be unfounded and probably cxtrnv- ngiinl. Ycl there is reason to bc- llcve thai, in the public mine! at least, the Navy's case for separate control must have been weakened .Cy some of the testimony prc- ifcnlcd before the investigating committee. Navy sopkcsmcn had repeatedly nskcd for a thorough study of the unification plan before a decision was made, but studies are already nt hand. There is the impressive evidence of Army-Navy unity which was forced by threat of military defeat, and which is found in a day-to-day history of the war, once our armed forces recovered from the shock of the first Japanese attack. J.'.And there Is the equally imprcs- Wve evidence of disunity beiore Dec. 7, 1041, disclosed by witness lifter witness as lhe full slory of events IcadiiiR up to that unhappy day is unfolded. A most recent example was the testimony given by Achnl. R. K. Turner, the Navy's Director of War 1'larts in lull, and the last witness hcaid by the investigating committee before Its holiday recess. Admiral Turner said, for example, that he assumed that Iho I'ac- •ific Meet was at sea, according lo voders, several days before the 'Jap raid, and only learned that it was anchored at Pearl Harbor after the raid had taken place. It seems possible that, with belter Integration, such a misapprehension might have been avoided. He disclosed that the Navy's message to Admiral Kimmel on Nov. 27, 1941, said thai negotiations wilh Japan had ceasedj while the Army message of the same day to General Short staled that fVicy "ap- Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Cloudy with occasional rain this afternoon and in northeast portion tonight; Friday partly cloudy, warmer in north and central portions tonight and Friday. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—-NO. 68 Star of Hooa. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 3, 1946 pcarcei" lo have ended—quite difference in the implication of Agency. In the same message he said that he recalled no warning that American forces were not lo commit the first overt act, nor did he remember any request for such a warning from President Roosc vclt. General Marshall earlier had testified that such a warning had been included in his companion message to the Army at the President's urgent instruction. Such recollected bits of unco-or- dination scorn to sound louder than present protestations that a unified Service will "sink the Navy" under (he weight of military politics. Perhaps, as the Pearl Harbor investigation proceeds, further recollections may win some of our Navy leaders back to the recommendation of a merger which they expressed during the war bul recently withdrew. II may be hoped, certainly, that something will case their disappointment and lead to a whole-hearted repetition in peacetime of the brilliant co-operation ,T-f services which did so much to vssurc victory. Hommd Held Responsible in Death March By WILLIAM C. WILSON -.Manila, Jan. 3 — (UP) •- LI. )p'en. Masaharti Horn ma maintained his headquarters only 500 yards from the road along "which American and Filipino soldiers were forced on tho Bataan death march, the first witness tcslificd loday at his war crimes trial. 'Homrria, who commanded Japanese forces in the Philippines in 1941--12, had pleaded inno>">nl to charges that he was responsible for Ihc death march and scores of olher atrocities in the Philippines. Apparently lo show lhat it would hnvc been impossible for Homma tfot to have been aware of the infamous march, the prosecution called Maj. Gen. Tushimitso Talt- iitsu, who had been one of llom- ma's slaff officers, lo describe the location of headquarters. Takatsu began testifying at. the afternoon session after the U. S. military commission trying Homma had denied a defense motion for dismissal of the case on Ihc grounds thai the court lacked jurisdiction. » The 'commission also denied a Subsequent defense request for a 10-day postponement to permit additional preparations lor the trial. The prosecution introduced copies of the Hague pact on laws of war, lhe Geneva Ilccl Cross convention and the Geneva pact of 1929 regarding treatment of prisoners of war. All svere signed by Japan and the prosecution indicated it would charge Homma violated all. The squat, stern-faced tlclcnd- ant, who speaks perfect ' English, Mlcned intently to the proceedings. He was dressed neatly in a white' business suit with a brown lie. Homma was charged specifically in Ihc indictment with responsibility for 80,733 slayings and tortures —20,000 more than Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita who recently was convicted and sentenced lo doalh by hanging. Dcalhs included those in the Wanlon bombing of Manila after • Gen. Douglas MacArlhur had declared it an open cily. linmina further was charged kjth refusing quarter lo American Troops. It was alleged that after U Gen Jonathan M. Wainwright offered to surrender May 26, 1942, the Japanese fired on Correfiirlnr and three other islands "thus killing and wounding U. S. troops." Defense Counsel Capt. George Furness, in presenting Iho motion for dismissal, argued that Allied leaders had delegated no authority to Gen. MacArthur to set up military courts. He also charged that the' rules and the procedure dented the defendant a fair trial. iflVamashila's counsel similarly had challenged tho authority of the mililary commission and his appeal now is pending before lhe Uniled Slates Supreme Court. BODY RECOVERED Marked Tree, Jan. 3 —(UP) — The body of James Granville Cockc, 31, of Memphis, Tenn., had been recovered today from a floodway four miles west of here where he drowned Monday night while duck hunting. Stark Recalled for Additional Questioning Washington, Jan. 3 — (/P)— Adm. Harold n. Stark said today that so far as he knew, there was no advance information in Washington that the Japanese would attack Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941. Tho 1!M1 chief of naval operations made the statement in concurring with an assertion by Senator Lucas ID-Ill) at a joint congressional hearing that reports of si'di advance knowledge were "utterly without foundation in fact." Stark testified before the Senate- House committee investigating the Pearl Harbor disaster that: 1. lie knew of no one in any official position who knew in advance the precise hour or place of attack. 2. He knew of no man or group of men who maneuvered the 1041 Japanese situation to invite attack. "On the contrary we were trying to maintain peace," he said. 3. He know of no one who, as Lucas put it, "trapped or lied" the Japanese into attack "so as to make it easier for Congress to give a declaration of war." "Then," said Lucas after emphasizing Stark's close connections with President Roosevelt and cabinet members, "all rumors and speculation and newspaper articles about men high in the government knew the precise time and place of attack are utterly without foundation in fact?" "That is my opinion," said the white-haired admiral. Adm. Harold R. Stark said today it never occurred to him to tclc- ">in«o Arlm. Husband K. Kimmel Pacific fleet commander, about fresh information indicating that war was imminent before the Japanese attacked Dec. 7, 1941. The chief of naval operations in 1941 told a congressional investigating committee he felt that relaying to Kimmel intercepted message;; instructing Japanese consular officials to burn their codes would only serve to "confuse" the fleet commander. He added that he also believed dispatch of the intercepted message, to Kimmel might have weak- ended a war alert which Stark sent Kimmel on Nov. 27, 1941. "I felt that the message about the burning of the codes was strong," Stark said. "But to have son! it would have either weakened my dispatch of 27 November or confused Admiral Kimmel." General MacArthur Still is Just as Much Boss in Tokyo as He Ever Was By JAMES MARLOW Washington, Jan. ,') — (/I 1 )— General MacArlhur built a fire in the >asl few days. The fire's out now. No casualties. MacArthur's still ust as much boss in Tokyo as he what lo do in Ihc first place. So Ihis jusl about leaves MacArthur where he was before any council was created: To use own head on military affairs, This doesn't mean he'n complete joiis. He never was. He could make ils own decisions on military af- 'airs in Japan. The Slate Department told him whal lo do on political things. This is the story behind the fire. Tho Big Three foreign ministers - Byrnes. Bevin and Molotov — met in Moscow. Among other hings, they agreed on Allied hand- "ing .of Japan. After the meeting a Slate Department information man was asked f MacArthur had been fully in- Conned of cvenls at Moscow while Lhey were happening. He said "Yes." He. was wrong. MacArthur promptly said he was wrong. Byrnc-s agreed, said Mac- Arlhur had not. been kept informed on a day-by-day basis. Then Secretary of War Patterson put the clincher on the whole discussion. He said it was not necessary anyway for MacArlhur to have been informed in advance of the Big Three policies worked out in Moscow. Patlcrson is MacArlhur's boss. The Big Three agreed lo set up tin Allied council for Japan. It will meet in Tokyo at least every two weeks lo discuss important problems. The members were the United Stales, Britain, Russia, China. As supreme commander in Japan .MacArthur will be chairman of the council. He'll also be U. S. representative on it. He'll lislcn lo Ihc other members. If he disagrees with them, he can go ahead and do what he wants liis own way. When there's any real conflict with the other members, of course, MacArlhur undoubtedly will ask the Slale Department if it's okay to go ahead with his ideas. Actually, the Slate Department probably will have told MacArthur his to take orders from the Slate Department on political affairs. This government already has laid down in Japan many, far- reaching plans for MacArthur lo carry out. No older nalion can change them. But the Big Three at Moscow Associated Press (NEA)—Means NewsooDer Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Truman to Go on Air 9 o'Clock (GST) Tonight Washington, Jan. 3 — (IP) — President Truman's report to the nation by; radio tonight will deal with the "Whole labor situation," the Whiet House said today. By JACK BELL Washington, Jan. 3 —(/P) — The Sunale-Hotr.ie • "Ifnquiry "committc today studied « statement by Adm. Harold R. Stark that a srtmp of: senators wanted the fleet pulled back to the west coast after Pearl Harbor but that he resisted their demands, Stark, recalled for additional questioning today, told tho investigating group yesterday about a Capitol Hill conference he and Gen. George C. Marshall held with legislators after the Dec. 7, 1941, attack. The then chief of naval operations said the senators were worried about the safety of west coast cities. He did not identify the senators. "I pointed out to them," Stark said, "that the place for the fleet was as far west in the Pacific as also set up a'body — called the Far Eastern Commission — more powerful than the council. H will tackle problems too important for the council. ' The United Slates, Britain, Russia and China will be the main members of the commission. Before the commission can order anything done, all tour nations just named must vote "yes." One "no" vote vetoes action. The commission will keep its hands off the routine stuff handled jy the council. But on these three critical questions it will be big loss: Like dethroning the emperor, m a k i n g fundamental changes in the Japanese constitu- ,ion, or changing the cabinet. When the commission lays down a policy on any one of those three questions, it's up to MacArthur and the council to carry it out. If MacArthur disagrees with the council to carry it out. If MacArthur disagrees with the council on how to carry out one of those three questions, he cannot disregard the council and go ahead on his own. In that case he'll have to refer the disagreement to the commission and wait for a decision there. So on those three questions only his hand would not be free. As matter of fact in such cases it never would have been free for those critical problems involve policy. In that field the State Department told MacArlhur what to do. The only difference now: On those three problems he'd ask commission okay on his action instead of asking the State Department. By MERRIMAN SMITH Washington, Jan. 3 — (UP) — President Truman goes on the air tonight to seek strong public support in his fight to overcome congressional indifference to his leg' islative program. He will deliver a 30-minute nationwide radio address from the While House at 9 p ,m. (CST). It will be broadcast by all networks. He will list for the nation the jasic provisions of his program arid explain the status of the many ndividua gross thu pdrt, proposals to which Con far has given little sup- The president will explain in simple words what he is trying to do and the obstacles in his way. He was not expected to criticize Congress in any sharp terms for fail ure to enact his program. He wil rely instead on public opinion to aoliicve his aims. Mr. Truman was not expected to ask for anything new, but merely: to restate and stress the neec for White House proposals already pending before the House and Senate. Threatened Strikes Will Idle I,5OO,000 in Four Industries America's 'Island Alamo' in Philippines, Has Become a Military Shrine to All we could afford to Stark added that lace it." reported to the late President Roosevelt that while the Japanese had put eight battleships out of commission, the last sinking forces of the fleet still were intact. As it resumed sessions today, the committee was operating for the first time with paid counsel. Chairman Barklcy (D-Ky) announced that Seth W. Richardson, elecled unanimously to .succeed William D. Mitchell, would be paid at the rale of $0,800 yearly. Barkley said this Js the maximum the committee is permitted lo pay under law and represented a loss in income for Richardson compared with what he could earn in private practice. Mitchell, who quit because of the slowness wilh which tho hearings have been proceeding, declined any pay except for his expenses, the chairman said. "Mr. Richardson did not want to accept any pay," Barkley told a reporter, "but Ihc committee felt that it ought to pay the counsel in Die future." Stark leslifiecl yesterday that he often had thought since about Iho decision he made on Dec. 7, 1041, not lo parallel the last-minute message sent by Marshall, then army chief of staff, lo army leaders. Marshall sent a warning that the Japanese were preparing to deliver a diplomatic reply at 1 p.m., Washington lime, on lhal day, noting that tho significance of the hour was not clear. After Marshall talked wilh Stark twice, Stark asked lhal naval commanders be informed about the message. Marshall dispatched Ihc message Horn his office in hurriedly penciled form bul because the army radio could not get through to Hawaii it was sent by commercial radio. It did not reach LI. Gen. Walter C. Short, in command in Honolulu, until seven hours after the attack. Stark said he offered to have the navy transmit the message, but that Marshall thoughl it would get through quickly by army facilities. Tho navy radio was much stronger than the army's. "1 did not parallel it," the white- slowly, that I have had often since — if 1 had paralleled it, it might have gone through." PAROLE BOARD MEETS Lillle Rock, Jan. 3 — (/P)— The stale parole board met today to consider 56 applications for clemency, including 37 for paroles, 15 for furloughs and five for commutation of sentence. haired admiral leslified "and that is the thoughl The human hands are capable movement for everv one tnui i. horse's hoof can make. Death Toll is Four in Blast at Malvern Malvcrn, Jan. 3 —(/P)— An acetylene torch explosion and an ensuing kerosene fire in a water storage tank caused the deaths of four welders and •'critically injured two others here yesterday. The men were burning sediment and refuse from the interior of the 75,000 gallon Malvcrn waterworks tank when the torch exploded and ignited some kerosene. Wilncsses reported seeing flames and smoke shoot out of the top and it was several hours before rescue crews could remove the bodies. Killed were: W. L. Walker, 26, and Ray Pounders, 19, both of Memphis, Tenn.; Marshall Patterson of Blylheville, Ark., and Albert Lee Gibson of Lepanto, Ark. N. E. DcVaughn of Covington, Tenn., was seriously injured and was not expected lo recover. E. C. Crockett of route 2, Steelc, Mo., also was critically burned. The reparimcnl were sent here by the Dixie Bridge and Tank Co., of Memphis". Company representative II. D. Warren of Memphis, arrived in Malvern late yesterday to identify the bodies. Coroner R. N. Griswold said he would talk with .Corkcett, who with DcVaughn is in the Hot Spring county general hospital, before tendering a verdict. The body of Walker was removed lo Ripley, Tenn., today for burial. Pounders' body was taken to Hclh, SI. Francis County, Ark. Hearing is Continued for OrvilT, Shaw Little Hock, Jan. 'A — (/I 1 ) — Evidence presented at a hearing here yesterday was held insufficient lo warrant extradition lo Kansas for Orvil T. Shaw of. Leslie, Ark., charged with forgery and passing a worthless check at Great" Bend, Kan., last August. The hearing was continued lo Jan. 2!i to permit Kansas officers lo produce additional evidence to establish the identily of Ihe man sought Shaw, 25-year-old ex-serviceman and father of five children, denied Ihe charge and contended he had left Great Bend after working in the wheat harvest at a date before the check was cashed by a clothing store there. Churchill to Sail for U.S. This Month London, Jan. '.', —(UP)— Winston Churchill, accompanied by his wife, will sail for the Uniled Slates Jan. 0 aboard the Queen Elizabeth, it was announced today. His daughter Sarah will join her parents later. Churchill will spend at least a month and possibly more in the United Stales. CHANCELLOR RESIGNS Dermoll, Jan. 3. —(UP) —E. G. Hammock, of Dermotl, Ark., today anounccd thai he had resigned his post as chancellor of the second district effective Feb. 1. A native of Monlicello, Ark., Hammock had held his position since 1918. The Irish Free State was sep- arled from Great Britain ii). 1922. Official Reply Received by Generalissimo Ycnan, Jan. 3 — (/P)— Chinese Communists replied officially today lo Generalissimo Chiang Kai- Shek's New Year's peace welcoming Gen. George C. plan, Marshall as "mediator and asserting "we will discuss favorably every suggestion dealing with immediate cessation of civil war in China and establishment ot unity and democracy." A central committee spokesman announced the reply, and said the Communists welcomed the generalissimo's suggestion Gen. Marshall, President Truman's envoy to Chungking, participate in peace talks. He added, however, that they favor the presence of other "jusl and impartial" elements such as the democratic league. Tho reply was followed by another official statement which said that the potentially explosive military situation in the northern province of Jehol had taken a "very serious turn" with the capture of the important rail towns of Fusin and Chaoyang by Chungking forces. A Communist spokesman asserted these lowns had been liberated from tho Japanese by Communist units and national attacks on them were "wholly unjustified." lie demanded thai "the Kuomin- lang immediately stop this offensive and evacuate their forces from Jchol province," adding that "it is apparent the Kuomintang military authorities Have no intention of stopping the civl war." Tho allacks were termed "particularly outrageous" since they occurred while Chiang Kai-Shek was proposing peace. "If they do not stop their offensive and evacuate their troops any further development will be their roKponuibility," the spokesman said. Chiang's counter proposal lo a Communist truce offer called for immediate cessation of hostilities, restoration of communications, General Marshall's services as umpire in the dispute, and appointment of impartial observers to see that the truce is kept. Meanwhile. Communist, reports said Nationalist armies were advancing inlo the important. Manchurian city of Mukden and securing their loft flank by culling Communist-held rail lines in southwest Manchuria. Communist Eighth Route Army headquarters said three division's of Chiang's 52nd Army and two divisions of his 13th Army had occupied Pchchcn and Heishnn in west Lhmoning province Dec. 28, while Sixth Division troops look the junction city of Ihsien on the Peiping- Mukcicn railroad and atlacked Tsinghomcn to the north and following day. In the inter Mongolian area dominated by the key rail cities of Kwcisui, Paotow and Tailing, Nationalist forces have resumed their advance and have swept along the Paolow-Talung railway to within a lew miles of Tsining, Communist spokesmen declared. $34,82^824.49 in the Reported Cash Balance for Arkansas Lillle Rock, Jan. 3 — (/P)— State Treasurer J. Vance Clayton reports a cash balance of $34,821,824.49 for Arkansas at the close of 1945 business Monday, compared to $39,287,355.18 on Nov. 30. The state collected $5,629,830.88 from all revenue sources last month and redeemed warrants I His speech tonight marked a new development in the presidential technique of pressing legislation. Usually, at the first of each year, a president submits a state of the union message to the Congress, then follows up wilh an explanatory, address to the public. jThe president now has reversed this procedure. Congress is in a holidav recess until Jan. 14. Mr. Truman apparently feels it is more strategic lo get the people behind his program while their legislative representatives on home grounds and can sense public reaction at first hand. The chief executive was expected to hold out to the nation the prospects for great prosperity if the various elements of the American . population work together. He believes his proposals for such things as full employment and labor dispute machinery can do much lo insure that cooperation. After nearly 10 months in office, Mr. Truman finds most of his major requests of Congress unanswered. In December, he asked for speedy enactment, preferably bc- fqfc Christmas, of legislation to set'up fact-finding boards to deal law- wilh By HAL BOYLE Corrcgiclor, Jan. 3 This tadpole-shaped fortress, America's "Island Alamo," has become a military shrine to soldier and sailor tourists in the Philippines. When you step ashore on "The Rock," guardian to the entrance of Manila harbor, the first thing that meets your eyes is a large sign marked with skull and crossbones: "Attention souvenir hunters. For a quick death, pick up ammunition of this island." Thousand of service men in recent months have visited this two- square mile tomb of heroes, fortified into one of the strongest mili- ary points in the world at a cost of .$49,000,000. It stood up under three months and nine days of Japanese assault and siege before Gen. Jonathan Wainwright was forced to capitulate May 6, 1942. Now tropic vegetation is hiding .he scars from artillery barrages during which Japanese gunners loured in 16,000 shells in a single day. Two ,Red Cross, workers — Jacqueline Greffits of Northampton, Mass, and Louise Russel of New York — serve lemonade and cakes :o the louring troops on the same beach which 5,000 Japanese died to lake — only lo lose three years later. There are still more Japanese than American troops on the island, but they are war prisoners who toil long hours at the endless task of clearing up the debris. "We had about 3,000 of them working but now there are only about 250 left," said Pfc. Paul J. Shirley, 19, of Levey, Ark. "We only have one company of the 86th Infantry Division here ourselves — about 165 men. We really don't need much with labor disputes. The makers recessed, however, the proposals still in the commit tee stage. Virtually the same situation ap- ^lies lo other basic items on Mr. Truman's program — merger of the armed services, universal military training, his national health plan and expanded unemployment compensation. His proposed "full employment" bill has been considerably watered-down but even then has not been finally approved. The president put a lot of work into his speech. He devoted nearly a week of concentrated work on the text aboard the presidential yacht Williamsburg where he was free from interrupting phone calls and White House callers. „, "The Rock" consists of three l ~ the 1 ° 1 '? g . ta ? po i? tai ! . on which is a small air landing strip. ©By The Associated Press Nation wide work stoppages in four big industries threatened today to idle nearly a million and half workers within the next few weeks. Wages were the chief issue in each of the disputes between unions and the steel, packing, electrical and telephone industries. The first three controversies affect CIO employes while an independent union represents the telephone workers. Strikes in two of the industries, steel and packing, already have . , he central humped back pierced been set by CIO union leaders . , ,,,,-, — Jan - 14 fa y some 700,000 steel stand, and the high- workers, and for Jan. 16 in 147 crowned hill at the othev end of' o f the the island known as "topside." which is closed lo meat packing 200,000 union country's „ , , . , , , --L------- plants employing Hundreds of blackened shnlls are members. The CIO United Steel stacked about Mahnt.a Tunnel, workers are demanding a $2 a day .?„ ,5,,P_°J wa ee increase; the packinghouse c .. . e ' f ... ""to»- *i*i.i t.c*a& t tile kJd^n.lllKiiUUaU cause of the danger from falling workers have asked for a .25 cents rocks In the grassy ravines and an hour wage hike. ' foxholes bordering the road lead-, ing out to "The Tail" lie the bones ' of sroi-pq of Tananpqp kill ' cd during the American re - conquest of the island last spring. Ants have picked them clean. Grass has grown over and covered the trolley tracks leading up to "Topside." "Officers' Row," where the ranking brass lived in concrete homes and enjoyed one of the most beautiful views in the Pacific, is deserted and bare. The great barracks and hospital lie in irrecoverable ruins. Twelve-inch field guns still point silently toward the mountains of Bataan peninsula. They are fine guns, built in Watervliet Arsenal, but they are now 50 years old and are emplaced in open gunpits offering absolutely no protection [rom bombers. They were built for the kind of war the world had already outgrown and are only a little more significant than cap pistols. The service historian of Corred- gidor, the fort that failed but failed granly is Pfc. Preston E. Onstad, Tacoma, Wash., who has set up an information tent where the is- • _4_. I _- *-„ « W«H» f Mr g v, ^ k nn°n f i -wide strike by 200,000 electn- orkers employed in: plants of Ele1C Motors Corp., and Westinghouse Electric Co. probably will be decided by officials of the CIO United Electrical workers at a meeting in. New York Saturday. In strike votes, the workers .favored a work could. They're behaving will send them back to guard on these Japs now. They wouldn't^ try lo escape if they -'— : ~~ so we a Japan. Once in a while one of them talks back, but we just stick him on a big rockpile with a 15-pound sledg- hammer and there's no more trouble from him.' land's tors. story is explained to visi- "We were getting 500 visitors a day before the big rush home started," he said. "Now about 150 to 250 come out on good days. "When the weather is nice the generals and admirals come out in their crash boats and hold beer picnics on Topside,""he said.' "Its cool and breezy there. It's a nice place — not at all noisy." Peace Meeting hi Strike is Resumed Stamford, Conn., Jan. 3 resinned peace meeting -(/P)—A between representatives of labor and the strike bound Yale and Towne Manufacturing Company had hardly gotten under way today when Mayor Charles E. Moore charged that the only intimidation he knew of in connection wilh Ihc dispute came from the company. Moore's charge was made directly in answer to Wcldon P. Monson, company attorney, who had asked whether the mayor endorsed what he, Monson, called attempted intimidation of the company by means of mass picketing and the scheduled city-wide work stoppage by organized labor later today. Monson, in a lengthy presentation of Ihe company's case before a crowd thai packed the small city court room where negotiations to end the nine week work stoppage which has kept 3,000 Yale and Towne employes idle were being resumed, asserted that the attempted union coercion extended to both. Mayor Moore and Governor Raymond E. Baldwin, who has been active in trying to effect a settlement. Monson called upon Moore, who was presiding, to say whether he endorsed the procedure. Shot back M'oore: "The only intimidation I have seen has been from the Yale and Towne Company. "You haven't shown Ihe spirit of the American way, you have shown here that you don't intend to negotiate a contract. Monson, who had been interrupted on three occasions twice by the mayor, himself, because of the length of his prelimary slalcmcnt. asked the mayor, "how have you been intimidated?" Replied Moore: "There is no guy who can intimidate me but I'll tell you how they have tried. I was slendered and the city of Stamford was slandered because 1 wouldn't send police to crack skulls." The mayor charged that the company had conducted a newspaper campaign and ahd been helped by "inspired editorials" and photographs." He asserted W. Gibson Carey .president of the concern, had been among the company officials who had inspired news stories reflecting on the way Stam totaling $5,089,122.49, Clayton said, order."- - — --,...„ - ..... - — , — as maintaining "law and Dual Control is Opposed by MacArthur By SANDOR S. KLEIN Washington, Jan. 3 — (UP) — Gen. Douglas MacArthur was revealed today to have expressed dissatisfaction to the \Var Department over divided American-Soviet Russian control of Korea. In his first report on his stewardship as supreme commander for lhe Allied powers, MacArthur said lhal lhe dual control was bringing "serious consequences" and that the Korean people were "greatly concerned." This report, issued through the War Department, was prepared before the three-power conference of foreign ministers at Moscow agreed on a joint Soviet-U. S. commission for Korea and the calling of a meeting of the Russian and American military commands in Korea to establish coordination on administralive and economic matters. Soviet Russia is in control of Korea north of the 38th parallel and the United Slates has jurisdiction of the area to the south. MacArthur also indicated his opposition to any plan calling for the mass deportation of Japanese from Japan for reparation labor service. He said that deportation should be confined lo specialists needed to install and to manage transplanted industrial establishments. However, MacArthur proposed that Japanese military and civilian personnel who were left on bypassed islands in the Southwest Pacific be utilized to rebuild damaged areas and to construct new developments "in order to lake cid- vanlage of their otherwise idle and restless manpower." MacArthur also defended retention of Japanese technical and managerial personnel already in Korea, Manchuria and China as "essential for the economic stability ot those areas." Tho supreme commander's report on the first two full months of his stewardship of Japan — September and October, 1945 — covered much thai had previously been announced. It reiterated that the aim of the governing authorities is to destroy the feudal and authoritarian basis of Japanese life and lo sel lhe nation on the road to peace and democracy. Louisiana Meeting to be Addressed By Bishop Paul Martin Balon Rouge, La., Jan. 3— (UP) — An evangelistic mass meeting at Hammond, La., Sunday afternoon will be addressed by Bishop Paul E. Martin of Little Rock, Ark., it was announced here today by the Rev. D. D. Morris, district superintendent. The meeting will be in the auditorium of southeastern college und will be attended by members of 84 churches in the Baton Rouge district. The British took Holland in 179B. Ceylon from Lord Haw Haw Hanged Today in England By WILLIAM BOYLE London, Jan. 3 —(UP)- William unless a $2 a day wage "boost. The threatened walkout Involving about 260,000 of the nation's :elephone workers came as a strike by 17,000 workers hi 21 New York and New Jersey plants to the Western Electric Company was scheduled to begin today. Joseph A. Beirne, president of the national federation of telephone workers, parent of the independent W. E. employes association, said, he had asked the federation's 48 union members .to authorize a national strike if deemed necessary to support the association's demand for a 30 per cent wage rate increase. Government conciliators arid other officials in Washington acted to halt the impeding work stoppages. ... . After the packinghouse workers union announced its strike, secretary of agriculture .uiderson said the proposed walkout would riot only disrupt meat distribution but would upset farm livestock marketing schedules at a time when, livestock feed supplies are tigHt.»' 'T^ The strike, which would affect the country's four major packers. Swift, Cudahy, Armour $nd Wilson, would not involve the AFL- amalgamated meat cutters and butchers workmen of North America, which claims a 'membership of about 70,000. But the CIO union claimed 200,000 members representing 95 per cent of the country's meat slaughtering workers. Other thousands in related businesses would be affected if a strike halted movement of meat from packiag--plants. Lewis J. Clark, union president, said "meat won't move, and neither will by-products." Hospitals and similar institutions, however would be supplied, Clark said. He added the union would accept a wage boost of 17 1-2 cents now and negotiate the balance of its demands later. Current labor disputes kept idle approximately 382,000 workers. The total included 175,000 employes proud lo die for my ideals, and I am sorry for lhe sons of Britain who have died without knowing why." London, Jan. 3 —(UP)— William Joyce, defiant to the last, was hanged in Wandsworth prison today for broadcasting German propaganda to the British people as Lovd Haw Haw. The scar-faced little traitor was put to death in the same drab southwest London prison in which John Amery was hanged on Dec. 19 for a similar offence. Joyce was execuled under a 600- year-old law because "he adhered to the king's enemies elsewhere than in the king's realm to wit, the Germans' realm, contrary to the treason act of 1351." The Brooklyn-born Propagandist had sought to escape death on grounds that he was an American citizen and not subjecl to trial in British courts. The crown proved before his conviction on Sept. 19 thai ho held a British passport when he went to Germany shortly before the war began. Joyce's insolent voice, with its theme of "Germany calling," hurled Nazi propaganda at the British from the first month of the war, in 1939, for 5-1-2 years until British troops cantured Radio Hamburg in May, 1945. Joyce fled from Hamburg, only to be caught with his wife a short time later near the Danish border. He received his propaganda orders direct from Joseph Goebbels. His broadcasts were strongly anti- Semitic, and often he referred to the late President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill as being "in the pay of the Jewish capitalist plutocracies." Berlin radio records showed that he received 5,000 marks per month — $2,000 by pre-war exchange rates —- and lived a luxurious life in Germany. Joyce carried his appeal for life to the House of Lords, which rejected in Dec. 18. J. »A. MacNab, a friend, said at that time that Joyce was easy in mind and conscience and had no regrets for what he had done. During his three-day trial in the old Bailey last September, Joyce presented a slight but determined Continued on Page Two (Lord Haw Haw) Joyce of Nazi radio notoriety died on the gallows at Wandsworth prison for high treason loday after writing, according to unconfirmed reports, a ranting defense of the Hitlcrian ideology which brought his downfall. 'i'he Brooklyn - born Joyce was reported by the Evening Standard to have handed lo his brother during a farewell visit a statement in which he said: the Jews who caused this war, I defy the power of darkness they represent. I warn the ariusn j wage niket R umors that the walk- people against lhe. crushing imper-1 ou t had been settled with a 155 !£^?,° f j/l 6 ,^ 1 : H™"' !_f"5 per cent wage boost were denied by both corp_oration and union officials. They, will resume wage negotiations in Detroit next Monday. In other continuing labor controversies, some 10,000 AFL and CIO union workers at Stamford, Conn., today planned to stage a mags demonstration in support of the nine weeks old strike of the AFL International Association of machinists at the Yale Towne Mfg. Co. plant. A union spokesman said the demonstration, the length of which was not decided upon, would curtail much business in the city of 65,000. Reservoir Wall Allocation is to Be Made Little Rock, Jan. 3 — (JPj — An allocation of $7,049,500 has been made by the government for construction of the Bull Shoals Reservoir wall and levee flood protection projects at Fort Smith and Little Rock and for completion of three Arkansas reservoirs, Col. R. D. Burdick oi the Little Rock engineer district has announced. : Construction on the reservoirs is expected to start in the near future, he said. The appropriation was made under the deficiency appropriations act which Congress approved Dec. 28. J. J. Schmelzer is New President of Little Rock C. C. Little Rock, Jan. 3 — (/Pi— The Greater Little Rock Chamber of Commerce has a new president- Joseph J. Schmelzer, secrelary and office manager of the Arkansas Foundry Co. He succeeds Walter C. Guy, who automatically becomes vice president. Benjamin Franklin was born Jan. 17, 170G. Nearly 30,000 couples in England and Wales were divorced iu the first 10 months of 1945. II n

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