The Appeal from Saint Paul, Minnesota on January 25, 1919 · Page 2
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The Appeal from Saint Paul, Minnesota · Page 2

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I 1 *&> ,PK?^ THE &m-:~ AN AMERICAN NEWSPAPER ISSUED WEEKI.T A .ADAMS, ROTOR AND PUBLISHER 8T. PAUL OFFICE No. 301-2 Court Block, 24 E. 4th st a. H. ADAMS, Hiugtt. PHONE: N. W. CEDAR 5649. MINNEAPOLIS OFFICE No. 2812 Tenth AVM.^ .1. N. SELLERS, Manager. Entered at the Pontofflce In St. Paul, Minnesota, aa aecond-clasa mail matter, Jan 6, 1885, under Act of Conjcresa, March 3. 187. TERMS, STRICTLY IN ADVANCE: SINGLE COPY, three months 60 SINGLE COPY, ix months 1.00 SINGLE COPY, one year 92.00 Remittances should be mads by ExpreM Money Ordei, Post Office Money Order, Registered Lettei or Bank Draft. Postage stamps will be leceived the same as cash for the fractional parts of a dollar. Only one cent and two cent stamps taken. Silver should never be sent through the mail. It is almi t sure to wear a bole through the envelope and be lost, or else it may toe stolen. Persons who send silver to us in letters do so at their own risk. Jlarrlage and death notices 10 lines or less $1. Each auditional line 10 cents. Payment strictly 'n advance, and to be announced at all must come in season to be news. Advertising rates, 15 cents per agate line, each insertion. There are fourteen agate lines in an inch, and about seven words in an agate line. No single advertisements less than SI. No discount allowed on less than three months contract. Cash must accompany all orders from parties unknown to us. Further particulars on application. Reading notices 26 cents per line, each insertion. No discounts for time or space. Beading matter is set brevier typeabout six words to the line. All head-lines count double. The date on the address label SLOWS when subscription expires. Renewals should be made two weeks prior to expiration, so that no paper may be missed, as the paper stops when time is out. I) occasionally happens that papers sent to subscribers are lost or stolen. In case you do not receive any number when due, inform us by postal card at the expiration of five days from that date, and we will cheerfully forward a duplicate of the missmg number. Communications to receive attentions must be newsy, upon important subjects, plainly written only upon one side of the paper must reach us Tuesdays if possible, anyway not later than Wednesdays, and bear the sig nature of the author No manuscript returned, unless stamps are sent for postage. We do not hold ourselves responsible for the views of our correspondents. Soliciting agents wanted everywhere. Write for terms. Sample copies free. In every letter that you write us never fail to give your full name and address, plainly written, post office, county and state. Bust ness letters of all kinds must be written on separate sheets from letters containing news or matter for publication. "Any prejudice whatever will be insurmountable if those who do not share in it themselves truckle to it and flatter it and accept it as a law of nature." John 8tuart Mill. SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1919. THE REPRESENTATIVES IN FRANCE. There has been some misconception as to the functions of the representatives elected by the National Colored Congress which met in Washington in December, to go to France and present the case of the colored American to the world, during the sessions of the Peace Congress. These people have no official status whatever, and no one connected with the congress has, so far as we know, made any such claim, certainly the convention at its meeting did not. They are not in any sense "delegates" and have no such standing. They can not attend the meetings of the Peace Conference. That ought to clear to everyone who is at all well informed about the questions of the day. As THE APPEALr understands the matter, the representatives are to go to France and use their moral influence to aid in the abolition of the color line in all the world. Necessarily they must work through the delegates of the United States and other nations which have regularly accredited delegates. That is all that they can do. The congress understood that and the representatives understand their limitations. However, the representatives may possibly be able to do some very effective work. They may tell the world of the utterly undemocratic treatment of the colored people in the U. S. A., and they may add their voice, even if it is a feeble one, to the general demand of the Colored World for the abolition of all discriminations based on color, creed or sex, and may really aid in the realization of liberty, fraternity and equality for all men. Just what the proposed "League of Nations" will be no man knows no one knows just how far it will interfere with the internal questions of the various nations, but with Japan, one of the great powers, and China, Haiti, and (Liberia, all colored nations, and with Brazil and other countries with large colored populations, and India and South Africa represented, certain broad principles A^M ^^^^.^^^k^S^7^_ij^ APPEAL MAN WHO SEGREGATES HIMSELF IS NOT A TRUE AMERICANRoosevelt. New York, Jan. 6.A plea for continuation of the fight for American- ism was Col. Roosevelt's last message to the American people. It was read last night at an all-American benefit concert in the Hippodrome by Henry C. Quimby of the American Defense Society, who voiced the ColoneFs re- gret at his inability to be present in person because of illness. He wrote: "I cannot be with you and so all I can do is to wish you God- speed. There must be no sagging back in the fight for Americanism merely because the war is over. "There are plenty of persons who have already made the as- sertion that they believe the American people have a short memory and that they intend to revive all the foreign associations which most directly interfere with the complete Americanization of our peopje. Our principle in this matter should be absolutely simple. "In the first place, we should insist that if the immigrant who comes here does in good faith become an American and assimilates himself to us he shall be treated on an exact equality with every one else, for it is an outrage to discriminate against any such man because of creed or birthplace or origin. But this is predicated upon the man's becoming in very fact an American and nothing but an American. against color autocracy may be laid down. Who knows? The American colored representatives can not hope to get seats at the peace table, or even enter the conference, but they can stay outside and LOBBY FOR LIBERTY. ROOSEVELTAMERICAN. Theodore Roosevelt, former presi dent of the United States, universally considered as "the most typical Amer. ican, is dead and the civilized world bows in homage. So many things have been written, so many tributes have been paid to the greatest man the country has produced since Lincoln that there is little left for the editor of a weekly newspaper to say. There is one point which ought to be especially emphasized and that is Roosevelt's intense, robust Americanism. He had little respect for the man, whether American or foreign, who sought to segregate himself from his fellow citizens. ETERNAL VIGILANCE. "If he tries to keep segregated with men of his own origin and separated from the rest of America, then he isn't doing his part as an American. There can be no divided alliance at all. "We have room for but one flag, the American flag and this excludes the red flag which symbolizes all wars against liberty and civilization just as much as it excludes any foreign flag of a nation to which we are hostile. We have room for but one language here and that is the English language, for we intend to see that the cru- cible turns our people out as Americans of American nationality and not as dwellers in a polyglot boarding-house and we have room for but one soul loyalty and that is loyalty to the American people." The following paragraphs are from his last public plea for Americanism, which we publish in full in another column and which should be read and taken to heart by every one whotians claims to be an American: "It is an outrage to discriminate against any man because of creed or birthplace or origin. But this is predicated upon the man's becoming in very fact an American, and nothing but an American. "If he tries to keep segregated with men of his own origin and separated from the rest of America, then he isn't doing his part as an American. There can be no divided alliance at all." The meeting of the Colored Liberty Congress at Washington, D. recently, brings to mind the old adage, "Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty." Many people seem to have forgotten this old and trite saying. The colored people who are not only surrounded by enemies who are trying to undo them and filch from them their rights as Americans, should remember that there is a far more sinister and unprincipled foe within. It is the foe within which is more dangerous than the foe without, whose moves are usually open and above board. On the contrary the foe within is a rank coward, a lickspittle and a sneak, and often spreads his poison when no one of the race is near. A large number of the "negroes" as they almost invariably call themselves, who solicit money for segregated schools and other institutions are traitors of the deepest dye. Admitted, grinning, to the private office of some white philanthropist, in order to reach his pocket-book, they belittle the colored people and tell him that the race favors segregation. For every dollar they collect a thousand dollars' worth of harm is done. It is well for colored men and women to meet publicly often and protest against the many wrongs they are forced to endure, and give the lienot THE MAN WHO DARES I honor the man who in the conscientious discharge of his duty dares to stand alone the world, with ignorant, intolerant judgment, may condemn, the countenances of relatives may be averted, and the hearts of friends growcold, but the sense of duty done shall be sweeter than the applause of the world, the countenances of relatives or the hearts of friends.Charles Sumner. US to the vermin who do so much to injure the race. And while watching the enemy without and protesting against discriminations, keep an eye on the enemy within and denounce his nefarious work. Remember, "Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty." ISN'T IT AMU8ING? The Alabama Methodist Conference at Mobile, Alabama, has called on President Wilson to summon an International conference to investigate the condition of the Jews in the nation, of Europe and to take steps to stop age long persecution. Right there at home in Alabama pogroms are in evidence at almost any time. Hundreds of innocent colored men have been tortured, burned at the stake or mob murdered in some other way, but the hypocritical Methodists have not been able to see those atrocities, or having seen them, history does not record that they hare ever made protests. Raising their eyes high above tihe outrages committed by alleged Chrison real Christians in Alabama, the psalm singers have the nerve to look 4,000 miles across the sea and protest against persecutions in other lands. The Southern Caucasian Christian is a queer bird. The suffragists of the city, and of the whole state, have been very active in the matter of petitioning the state Legislature to take action in the way of presenting a memorial to Congress asking for the immediate passage of the Susan B. Antheir thony Federal Amendment. The suffragists of Minnesota are convinced that they will be unable to secure the passage of the amendment in the state of Minnesotato the shame of Minnesota who stands for most things progressive be this said, under the requirements which an amendment to the Constitution of this state must meet, and so have very wisely directed their efforts toward bringing to bear concerted pressure upon the members of the Legislature to have them send to Washington a memorial appealing to the sense of justice and fair play, as well as the appreciation which every true citizen of the Rei public must feel for the valuable service rendered by women in the home trenches, without which the war could not have been won, to give to the women of the United States without further parley the ballot which is already in the hands, in some form, of 11,000,000 women citizens, .being those who are fortunate enough to reside in the fifteen states which have already granted full or partial suffrage to this class of citizens. Let every man and women in the city and state join with the suffragists in petitioning our Legislature to prepare this memorial to Congress. Minnesota must fail the women at this time. ryf*.f CT"*'=^lf|,!5^"^f VSTKS i a matte a 6 X rejection or t,o 0tlie ftiSSJL*?1, pol 5 wnr^t to^Sf darker natfons JrTn iVi REEM OLD EIGHTH ILLINOIS! Chicago's CracK Colored Unit Back With Honors General Mangin Decorates Heroes 370th In- fantry Who Whipped Prussian Guard Chicago, 111., Jan. 22.More than 400 Illinois men, many of them wounded, were among 5,150 soldiers to arrive Thursday on the hospital ship Comfort and the transports Lapland, Wilhelmina and Sierra. Five officers of the old Eighth Illinois and many of the enlisted men of our crack regiment debarked from the Lapland. Two of them from the Wilhelmina. i The soldiers arriving on the three other ships were sent to Camps Mills and Merritt, and the wounded were divided among three of the big deing barkation hospitals. Out in the Campagne sector of Franceone of the most bloodstained corners of that landour Illinois fighters gained imperishable fame. For more than two months the Eighthnow the 370th Infantry was the only American regiment fighting in the Tenth French army, commanded by Gen. Mangin. Lieut. Harvey J. Taylor, 3761 South Wabash av., Chicago, winner of the Croix de Guerre and two stars for special citations, was the first Eighth Illinois man to leave the ship. His body had been riddled by machine gun bullets and shrapnel. Whipped Crack Prussians. The men of the old Eighth stopped the advance of the flower of the Kaiser's fighting forces and made them retreat, preventing a flanking movement which would have had dire results for the allies. "We just went in and took 'em," said Lieut. Elmer D. Maxwell, 5325 S. Dearborn st., Chicago, telling of a raid into which he led fifteen men of the Eighth August 1 near Laon, and which resulted in the killing of a dozen Germans, the capture of four machine guns and eighteen prisoners. Only one of Maxwell's men was wounded. For this dashing exploit the Chicago man received the Croix de Guerre. A stunt performed by twenty men of Company F, led by Capt. Saunders, won decorations for three and the unbounded admiration of the French, Maxwell said. Sergt. Floyd White, 1121, Federal st., Chicago, was one of the participants. He received the war cross. White is still in France and was wounded once. Lieut. Maxwell's story showed that the Company men offered themselves as sacrifices in an effort to draw the fire of about a dozen German machine guns which had been working havoc among the Americans and French. A Human Sacrifice. The Illinois colored fighters ran into the middle of a road knowing they were under German observation. Instantly the Germans,' suspecting a raid on their lines, opened fire on the underbrush by the road- ADDRESS TO THE COUNTRY AND THE WORLD ADOPTED BY TH E NATIONAL COLORED CONGRESS FOR WORLD DE- MOCRACY UNDER TH E AUSPICES OF TH E NATIONAL EQUAL RIGHTS LEAGUE AT WASHINGTON, D. C. DEC. 18, 1918. Colored America, through delegates assembled from 37 of the United States of America, sore and bleeding with persecution because of race and color, hails with hope peace with victory, for the motto on the banners of the armies of the victors was "Away with tyranny and its injustice every- where." Speaking for 12,000,000 Colored Americans, the National Colored Representative Assembly for World Democracy under the auspices of the National Equal Rights League congratulate their fellow Countrymen and government on being the instrument by which the God of righteousness turned the tide of battle for the forces of liberty. War Put On World Basis As To The Results. Two hemispheres and the islands of two oceans furnished without regard to race or color the armies of this bloody and terrible war. Shameful it would be if its close did not mark a new humane era. To the President of our Republic, Commander-in-Chief of our army and navy it was given to name the principles on which the winners fought this war. and its purpose By his declaration, accepted by France, Britain and the rest openly before the human race, the principles and the aim of this war were put upon a world basis. Secondly these principles and aims were for the wiping out of autoc- racy, inhumanity and injustice, and for the establishment of world justice world humanity and world democracy. Wrongs To Individual On World Basis For Redress. With the ushering in of the new year, 1919, the nations of the world are assembled to settle the terms of peace for the world, for the establishment everywhere of the. principles for which this world war wa wagedWORL lcal S? oJ'u epnvatl0ns lynchin for which the war was fought. ^m M- S .v er 1l a new ?J ir,t Jf0 T 0 E S JtV W side, figuring the Americans would take shelter there. Instead the Yanks kept right in the center of the road and few were wounded". The ruse had revealed the whereabouts of the German guns and a short time later they were wiped out by French artillery. After going through the severest fighting unscathed Lieut. Robert A Ward, 3728 South Wabash av., returned sick. The Eighth landed in France April 22, Ward said, and went into a* fightarea almost immediately. For months the regiment had to go through all the hardship of trench warfare. The casualties were estimated by Ward at 50 per cent, but only a very small percentage were killed. Shot in Ankle. Lieut. J. R. Wheeler, 3013 "Prairie av., was wounded in the ankle by shrapnel. Lieut. Benjamin A. Browning, 4438 Prairie av., had been through the fighting without injury, out returned sick. "Yes, the Germans are kind of tough fighters, but we're just a bit tougher," quoth Private Luma Springer a Decatur (111.) colored soldier, wounded in the jaw and neck by shrapnel at Soissons September 17. Should Open the Doors to Opportunity (From the Christian Register.) A circular sent out to employers in a large city, calling attention to the number and quality of young colored men trained in the schools of the city, and asking co-operation and counsel in making their services available, brought one reply which though anonymous is significant of an opinion still widely influential. "Kindly send them to Africa, instead of mixing them with us." As the expression of an inwar dividual desire*these two points are of course admissible, but as practicable measures it is curious that any intelligent person should seriously entertain them. Does any one suppose that the colored population of the United States could be sent to Africa, or that if they were sent they would go? So long as they are here, and have already been mixing for more than a century, and have the rights of citizenship, including the right to die with white men for their country, is it any reckonable menace to respectability and intrinsic leadership to open a few more industrial doors to their proved abilities and usefulness? While we write, a moving-van is unloaded by two white men and one colored man. The colored man is the boss, the white men take his orders. There is not the least trouble about it. There would never be trouble if it were not made by people of the temper of the anonymous objector. FOR CORRECTIO N AN ABROGATIONs ON A forces of democracy. Therefore every denial or violation of justice, humanity and democracy BASIS BY A WORL12 COURTloyal Hence ColorederAmericaU, which furnished 400,000 brave soldiers for this ^J^S* nite tn 000,00 0 citizensfwithout a traitor, appeals to the allied World for justice and Democracy in the peace settlement. la State America the famous Republi Utterl Undemocratic Treatment Of Colored People of U. S. A. *i,CitSren!yb of the West, we first appeal to the civilized world foe the discontinuance of all race or class discrimination in the world settlement At this supreme moment in the cause of universalp humanity, when wrongs to man should be banished, we must call world attention to thedutterly undemo- cratic conditions under which everyt personlb puli man country. Because of race autocracy, ouira color in the Nation's Capital de- rlZnti excep i udic cm ?ui gh colo an the^restrictioanl of the Ghetto as employees of the federal ci w* em eSelf-determination d0U reSUli JSJiiSJS?10?'n all W ge ntS?v^n?^ 0 appea SOOd' For Darker Nations. material and appalling human losses of this world withou W etition erabolitio petitio 4 pereon Si? 18CP?nuance PEACE S 2JSS Sf c/T^ed world meeting to make goodthi the promise the VSfiZ War ,L WOrl JffSSJS?^* 8 everywhere, and to appeal to world Courf for of color proscription and all distinctionsT based on colo ENT, that the world may be remade truly on the basivse oy the liberation of the peoplePermanent of the earth, ofr thee enjoyment by every human being of worltdh democracy. I** 1 no peacand Else There Is No "New Day." er a embracin between the forces of autocracy and of democracy. THE COMMITTED ON ADDRESS. William M. Trotter, Mass., Chairman. Rev. P. C. James, N. J. Dr. W. T. Coleman, Md. Rev. M. L. Johnson, Ark. G. W. Goode, Va. Rev. W. L. Gibbons, Miss. Atty. L. A. H. Caldwell, Ind. Rev. J. V. King, Del. Mrs. Ida Wells Barnett, m. Dr. F. A. Walker, La. Dr. A. Porter Davis, Kan. Rev. W. D. Carter, Wash. State. Dr. C. S. Long, Fla. R. W. Westberry, S. C. J. W. Ross, Minn. FIGHTING by the country deprives us th opeace carriers an subjects us to art of color is forcedus~to to live in thi subjects obloquys concla pea~e ^Justices, cruelties, atrocities, worse in degree than th exist anywhere else in Christendom.y Segregationofi0 public carriers, dis- SETT* ar \essentiall violations that world democracy UWO to the assembly th The Appeal Sent By Raceen For Universal Abolition Of Color Proscription. dPetitionerosr ae 1 S ,w discrimination to all of the ofythef repre- of autocrac race dawning of a new day of democ- NAT i N A S th ARICL E 7 er afte th most terrible and S hemispheres in a death grapple Bishop G. C. Clements, Ky. Atty. J. D. ElMs, W. Va. Rev. C. V. Page, Mo. Rev. Thomas W. Davis, Tenn. Prof. L. B. Cash, Texas. W. C. Brown, D.-C. Dr. R. H. Singleton, Ga. Rev. R. A. Whitaker, Okla. Hon. Isaac B. Allen, N. Y. R. B. James, Mich. G. W. Boyer, Ohio. Bishop J. s. Caldwell, Penn., Sec. Rev. J. C. McDaniels, N. Y. Rev. H. H. Jackson, N. C. Rev. John V. Goodgame, Ala. i3JSi5&J WARNIN G! NO COLOR LINE. Mr. Ashe, Lay Reader of St. Philips P. E. Church, Denies Statement in a Recent Article in THE APPEAL That a Suffragan Bishop is a Segregated Bishop and Gives Some Information About the Matter St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 21, 1919. Editor THE APPEAL: I wish I were able to state in a few words the full meaning of each and every office in the Christian Church which lead up to the term of Bishop. Many of them are not only mis-understood but as well mis-applied. I have in mind at this writing the word "Suffragan" as applied to a Bishop, and it is not so much to correct an erroneous interpretation as to enlighten an editor who attempted to write'an editorial upon a subject of which he seems to possess little or no ecclesiastical knowledge. THE APPEAL has recently published and perhaps is still running in its columns- an editorial referring to the Rt. Reverend Edward Thomas Denby, duly consecrated a Bishop in the Episcopal Church and is now acting in the capacity of Suffragan Bishop to the Diocese of Arkansas. From the editor's viewpoint the word "suffragan" means "segregated," and the word segregated means, to him, "drawing the color line." To read the article is quite necessary in order to grasp the full extent of its ridiculous purport. Without further commenting upon the article and for the sake of the editor and the few APPEAL readers who may look to that periodical for their expert information I desire to state the following facts: There are three, and only three, distinct Orders of ordination in the Episcopal Church. They are Bishops, Priests and Deacons. All of whom are equally empowered in their several distinctions. There are sub-titles used to distinguish them while engaged in certain work of the Church. For exhas ample, a Priest in charge of a Parish is called a Rector when in charge of a school pr an administrative section he is called a Dean if in charge of a Chapel he is called a Vicarwhile in charge of a Mission he is known as Priest-in-charge, etc. He is at all times, however, a Priest and his special duties neither takes from nor adds to his authority as a Priest. So with the Order of Bishops. A Missionary Bishop has a missionary district and may be working in conjunction with one or more Bishops and, as Bishop, he is equal in authority to all other Bishops. A Diocese is a portion of a state, an entire state or, as the case may be, a part of several states presided over by a Bishop. In many Dioceses the work is too great for one Bishop or his health prevents full activity, in either of which cases he has one or more assistants or associates. A Suffragan Bishop, therefore, is a Bishop assistant to the diocesan has ceased, but our war work is not done untilpeace is permanently established, the war bills have been paid, our army is brought back home and demobilized and industry readjusted to normal con- ditions. Hungry nations must be fed and shell-torn cities rebuilt, and the United States must lend the money to do Buy War Savings Stamps END AUTOCRACY OF COLOR Asks Editor of THE APPEAL in an Appeal Wired to President Wilson on the Eve of His Departure for Peace Table. Calls Color Line Greater Menace to Permanent World Peace Than Hun Militarism Just Overthrown. Asks President to Aid the Oppressed of All Nations, Races, Colors, Creeds and Sex in Realizing Liberty,fraternity and Equality. Saint Paul, Minn., Dec. 2, 1918. To the President, White House, Washington, D. C. Sir: Now that the world war is over and military autocracy has been doomed, I appeal to you as the representative of the United States at the Peace Table, to demand the abolition of that greater menace to the peace of the world, THE AUTOCRACY OF COLOR. Through the centuries the colored races of the globe have been subjected to the most unjust and inhuman treatment by the so-called white peoples. Every atrocity which the Huns have inflicted on the helpless white peoples of the world during the four years of now ending, has been suffered by the colored peoples of the world for more than four hundred years. In the recent war the colored racestioncreedany have furnished as many men as the white races have supplied, if the labor and fighting units are both counted, and now that victory has been won, it is but just that the color line which has hampered the progress of the colored peoples, should be abolished at once. Not only that, but the oppressed of the white race should be delivered from oppression. Mr. President, I shall endeavor to outline a program which should meet the approval of every believer in world democracy: 1. Home rule for Ireland. 2. Home rule for India. 3. Home rule for all colonies which desire it. 4. Self-determination for the people of all countries, in which the people are practically all of one race or narealization tionality and yet dominated and opand pressed by a few of a different race or nationality. 5. The former German colonies to become republics under the protection of the League of Nations. These people are as capable of self-government as the people of Russia, Germany, Turkey, or the Balkan States. 6. The abrogation of the "White Australia" legislation and the acknowledgment of the right of all peoples to acquire citizenship. 7. The repeal by the United States of all anti-oriental immigration laws and the acknowledgment of the right of Japanese and Chinese and Malays to become citizens. 8. The repeal of all United' States laws classing certain Indians as noncitizens, all people of American Indian blood to be immediately recognized as American citizens. 9. The repeal of all laws of the United States, or of any state, in which the words-colored, African, Afro-American, Negro, Mulatto, Indian, Japanese or Chinese are used for the purpose to making discriminations against the people of any race, nationality, class or and the immediate abrogaof color line restrictions enforced without warrant of law. 10. The nations comprising the League f Nations to be forbidden to enact any legislation which in any way discriminates against the people of the Caucasian, Mongolian, African, Indian, and Malay races, or against any nationality, religious creed or sex. 11. The free immigration of the people of any one country to any other country having membership in the League to be neither denied nor abridged on account of race, nationality, class, color, creed, or sex. The adoption of the foregoing rules in the Constitution of the League of Nations would not only mean freedom, equality and democracy for all mankind but would be an actual earthly of the Fatherhood of God the Brotherhood of Man. Trusting Mr. President, that you will as the representative of our great republic, advocate the principles I have enumerated, I am, Very truly yours, JOHN Q. ADAMS, Editor The Appeal. a Bishop Coadjutor, whereas a Suffragan Bishop must be elected to succeed as head of a Diocese. A case of recent date is that of our present Bishop of Minnesota, the Rt. Reverend Frank Author McElwain, who, during the later part of Bishop David Edsall's life was Suffragan Bishop or Bishop assistant to the Diocesan Head. He was, upon the death of Bishop Edsall, elected Bishop of Minnesota. Now, the Captain of a Company may be called upon to take charge of a 'Battalion in which case he is still a Commissioned Captain and except for his temporary executive duties he is no more nor less a Commissioned Officer than the other Captains of that or any other Battalion Company. A Suffragan Bishop is, therefore, no more a "segregated" Bishop than is a Captain a segregated officer who is not in charge of the whole battalion. Nor is a white Priest segregated (as the term is meant by the editor) because he is placed in charge of a white parish, or because he is termed a missionary Priest and given special work to do. To say that the Episcopal Church draws the color line is to utter a malicious untruth. The mission of the Church is the spiritual uplift of the entire human race and methods designed to bring forth best fruits are adopted in various ways by different Diocesan Heads. And, while actions in dealing with conditions here or there may seem biased to the onlooker who has neither made a study of conditions nor may be interested in their results, in no case is prejudice a lever authorized or sanctioned by the Church. This is not meant as a reply in full to the article in question but merely a light of assistance to those who desire to know the truth and whose minds may have been unduly poisoned by the editorial from the pen of a misinformed editor who probably never made a serious study of any denomination in connection with any Church. Lest both the spiritually blind editor and his unwary subscribers or readers "fall into the pit." IRA S. ASHE, Lay Reader, St. Philip's P. E. Church, nn^ a Bisho assistant to the diocesa StteTif. fZ! head and except in some legislative duties they are consecrated and em- J^LJ powered, as Bishops, alike. S ^ZS** !*s~: st 325 Rondo Street. 'f Paul, Minn. Not "Nigger" Not "Negro." (From the Washington Bee.) Bishop Wilbur Thirkield, in discussing colored Americans in the Southwestern Christian Advocate, and In his reply to Irvln S. Cobb, says: "The writer means well, but he does not seem to know what the term 'nigger' that has persisted as a relic of slavery and has in It the etlng of liquid fire to every self-respecting Negro must go." Yes, and The Bee asserts that not only the word "nigger" must go, but ^o W Ja.altliong t- wM tli i*L with the right of succession is calledFor God's sake, tfve b^hternM a^St' S!3*^X-^*"'M^wi*' da r,* j& ^i^i^ZJt3rx?*i i*aK Th t:h tenM 1 y&

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