Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 2, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 2, 1946
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t, •&!& Pour HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Fair Enough By Wcstbrook Pegler Copyright. 1945 By King Features Syndicate. New York, Dec. 31 — Challenged on a recent assertion in these I, r 1 - 1 dispatches that victims of outrage ew ^by unions, could sue them for re|- dress, whether the violence were | f; done by slander, bleach of contract e *or organized and directed assault "\, Of vandalism, I should like to present the gist of that interesting dis sent, then I shall offer another opin- 'ion, by a judge, unexpectedly up- i f 'holding my own belief. As a preli- ii- "aninary, let me say that most "Americans including, I believe, ,!tnost lawyers, think that neither an i individual nor a corporation has any remedy in such circumstances. Thousands of victims have endured •'gratuitous abuse without protest, and the union executives reflect a belief that their unions cannot be 'held responsible. i My theory that they can be sued and punsihed has elicited, the fol- :jowing discussion by an attorney in Washington: "Your statement. unfortunately, -is not ccwect, or. to put it more .accurately, is correct only to a ;yery limited extent," he Writes. "Whether a union is suable in its 'own name or as an entity is entire^Iy dependent on the law of the par- ,ticular state in which the suit is brought. In New York, for in- tstance, unions can be sued in their own names. In a majority of the ;{"<states, however, it is not true. Where it is not true, the only '•recourse Is to sue individual members who may be difficult to iden- ttify. A suit against individual mem- ;bers who may not be financially able to respond to a judgment is a 'poor substitute tor 'the union, itself, a suit =gainst Hope Star Star of Hop* 1899; Press 1917, Consolidated January II, 192t Published every weekday afternoon by Stor Publishing Co., inc. (C. E. Palmer and Alex. H. Washburn) at the Star buliding 212-214 South Walnut Street, Hope, Ark. C. E. PALMER President ALEX. H. WASHBURN Editor and Publisher Entered as second class matter at the Post Office at Hope, Arkansas, under the Act of March 3, 1897. (AP)—Means Associated Press. (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Association. Subscription Rates: (Always Payable in Advance): By city carrier per week I5c Hempstead, Nevada, Howard, Miller and Lafayette counties, $3.50 per year; elsewhere $6.50. Member of The Associated Press: The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for renublication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the locol news published herein. Tuesday, January 1, 1946 CLASSIFIED Ads Must Be In Office Day Before Publication , • All Want Ads Cash In Advance • Not Taken Over the Phone One Hme . . . Jc word, minimum 30e Six times . . . Se word, minimum 7Se Hmej . . 3t/fcc word, minimum SOe Ono month . 18e word, minimum $1.70 Rates are for Continuous Insertions Only "THE MORE YOU TELL THE QUICKER YOU SELL" Three times Real Estate for Sale LOT 1 AND 2, BLOCK 17, FRIS- co addition. Hope, Ark. Sec Brooks Bros. Garage, Rt. 4 Hope. 4-1m Notional Advertising Representative — Arkansas Doilies. Inc.; Memphis Term., I Row. iterick Building: Chicago, 400 North Mich- A REAL BARGAIN IN 160 ACRES on Ihe highway, one six room house, Iwo Ihree room houses, one field house, considerable timber, 60 acres in pasture, spring water year round, approximately 80 acres to cultivate, near electric line, on bus, school bus, aru daily mail route. Only $2800 on WHITE OR COLORED WOMAN for general housework. Apply 600 easy terms. C. B. Tyler, Cotlon 24-6t igan Avenue; rJew York City, 292 Madison Ave.; Detroit, Mich., 2842 W. Grand Blvd.; Oklahoma City, 314 Terminal Bldg ; New Orleans, 722 Union St. Hospital Notes Friends of Mrs. Milton Eason will be pleased to know she is doing nicely in Julia Chester hospital following an operation on Thursday. which, under Ijority, oning, ers who are suable for breach of conlracl or olher misconducl lo make contracts with unions which cannot be punished for their own violations of those agreements. I do not know whether the supreme, court ever has decided whether such contracts entered by the employers only under government com pulsion, are valid. Obviously they should not be but, considering the present make up of the court, it is almost safe to assume thai the ma- 40 ACRES CLOSE IN 4 ROOM house, watered by well and springs. On good road. Gas and lights available. $2,250. 29-3t 40 ACRES SHORT DISTANCE east of Hope, 5 room house very much up to date in style and finish, all new. and oak floors throughout. Price $3,500. 29-3t WE BUY AND SELL PROPERTY, make loans at lowest current rates. See us if you want to buy or sell. Friendly and efficient service. C. B. Tyler licensed and authorized Agent, Office 119 Cot- |' 7 ; modern conditions is ordinarily jguite able to respond in damages. rt_ "Not only is this condition chao- v tic because dependent on varying -V ..state's state law but, to make it ,,,'worse, the federal court are re- ''\. quired to apply the state law. It '/'•has seemed to me that if unions . jare to function as entities and are 10* make contracts under which jhey assume definite obligations, they ought to be answerable uni- xersally in suits filed against them by some twisted would hold that reas- Ihe 45 ACRES ON HIGHWAY NEAR Spring Hill, C. B. Tyler Collon Row. 29-3t parties were equals and that the employer must fulfill his obligations while the union need not. The combined effect of opinions written by Felix Frankfurter and by James Byrnes, in the teamslers' as-, entities tracts.' in breaches of con- effect of the enforcement of -the Wagner Act, is that the national government compels employ- - BUTANE SYSTEMS * Plumbing Fixtures ;' Plumbing-Repairs ilARRY W. SHIVER „. Plumbing • Heating Phone 259 Hope, Ark. 3,000 Bu. Red River Bottom EAR COR ; $1.25 Bu. at Farm ' See McRAE IMPT. CO. Hope, Ark. — Phone 745 PHONE 6 MAYO'S Texaco Station Cars Washed and Greased We Fix Flats Highway 67 3rd & Washington * Smead Mayo, Owner ton Row. 29-31 160 ARCES WELL LOCATED CUT over land, fine for pasture, running water all year round. C. B. Tyler Cotton Row. 29-3t Loe 7 s Tourist Cafe-Court Featuring • Steaks "Fried Chicken • Barbecue »Fish • Sandwiches "Soft D.rinks Open 6 a. m. to 12 Midnight ;Rriyate Dining Room—Phone 222 Owned and operated by - Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Loe City Limits & Highway 67 West For ELECTRIC SERVICE Day Phone . . Night Phone. . 413 1015-J We specialize in ... • Motor Rewinding • Repair all makes of Appliances • General Wiring Contractors BARWICK'S Electric Service 114 E. Third St. Hope, Ark case, has been to confirm the vast powers of unions for evil and to hold them irresponsible and immune. Coming now, however, lo a recent decision of the United Stales circuit courl of appeals in a libel suil by Ihe Pullman Standard Car Company againsl local 2928 of Ihe C .1. O.. steelworkers, we find all three judges in agreement that the law of Illinois governs the case. On that basis they found that certain individual defendants who published a statemenl alleged to be false and harmful to Pullman's re- pulalion could be sued. A decision of Ihe district court dismissing the suit againsl them was reversed. Judges Kerner and Major Held, however, that the Illinois law did not permit Pullman to sue the union, itself. They held thai even though congress did endow unions with legal enlily. Congress could nol and did not intend lo deprive a slate of Ihe right to determine who be sued in its courts. Dissenting and contending that the union may be sued, Judge Sparks wrole: "In 1845, Illinois enacted a. statue lhat 'the common law of England, so far as the same is applicable and of a general nature, and all acts or statutes of the British Parliament made in aid of, and to supply defects in the Common law (five esterisks) shall be the rule of decision' in Illinois." Admilling lhat under the original I rule a union was not recognized as I a legal entily and could neilher sue nor be sued, as such, he argued, however, thai Ihe Brilish courls had since held the contrary and that Ihe Illinois courls were bound lo regard the steelworkers' local as a legal entity. An English opinion which he cited. said: "The principle on which corporations have been held liable in respect of wrongs committed by its servants or agents (five asterisks) is as applicable to the case of a trade union as to that of a corporation. If the contention of the defendant were well founded, the legislature has authorized the creation of numerous bodies of men capable of owning great wealth and of acting by agents with absolutely no responsibility for the wrongs they may do. They would be at liberty to disseminate libels broadcast and their victims would have nothing to look to but the pockets of the individuals." Judge Sparks pointed out that many citizens of Illinois had been compelled to deal with unions as legal entities "much to their sorrow," and that unions make IPHSRS and contracts in their official names. The union, he observed, had been given the right to act in its own name and, as an entity, to enforce contracts and had voluntarily accented that status. Therefore it must be assumed that Congress intended that the employer could seek relief from Ihe union in *!ourl. I seem lo remember lhal Ihe same contenlion has been advanced here, Ihough in less stale- ly usage, several limes in the last few years. And for answer 1 have heard only the paradoxical plea thai the gianl unions, with hundreds of millions in Iheir Ireas- uries, are so puny lhal Ihey can- nol accept equality in the courts but musl have an advantage over a widow running a roadside hamburger stand, or a returned veteran who has been blackballed for criticising some thieving boss-un- loneer and would like lo sue the union for recognition of his right to work. 165 ACRES, GOOD SEVEN ROOM house, water and lights, garage, barn, and other out buildings, on good road, daily mail, school bus service. 48 acres in cultiva- lion, eleven acres in meadow. Balance in limber and pasture, everlasling water. A place to live and make a living. Price §6000. Terms can be arranged, write owner F. F. Hulson, Route 1, Blevins, Arkansas. 31-31 For Sale COMPLETE FULLER BRUSH line of hair, hand, back, clolhes and shaving brushes. Also combs, mops, brooms, best made. Mrs. Leon Bundy, phone 138. 1-lm ONE KITCHEN GAS RANGE, ONE gas slove, one electric refrigerator, 7 foot box. Sec Rev. Smith, 403 West Division. 28-3t COMPLETE FURNISHINGS OF A two room apartment. Everytni'ig must sell. Tom Carrel. Ill West 3rd St. 27-61 ONE PAIR MATCHED MISSOURI For Rent TWO STORY BRICK KESIDENCE, furnished or unfurnished. Close in. newly decorated. $75 pet- month. Shown by appointment only, llattie Ann Field. Phond 9. 29-3t Help Wanted West Fourth St. 29-31 COLORED GIRL TO CARE FOR small five room house and do baby's washing. No cooking. Salary $1 a day. Call 289-J or see Mrs. Harris at 1019 Park Drive. 31-3t SPORTS ROUNDUP By SID FEDER (For Hugh Fullerton) New York, Jan. 1 —(A 3 )—Wrestling outdrew boxing in attendance in Illinois last year that be an April 1, January 1, item? .or should instead of a Around the midwest they're predicting flatly that within five years the Rose Bowl each Now Year's Day will be a closed corporation between the Big Ten and Ihd Pacific Coast conference champions - : .;.Nt . Happy Chandler to ' the conli'ary notwithstanding, racing -can take' a bow for g'iving more than $25(000,000 to war charities since Pearl''Har- bor . . . Can baseball — or any other sport ,-j-r match it? . . . Happy New ( jYear This is the!'day you look under the bed ,'' To see if 'that's where you left your head Last night. COLORED GIRL TO DO HOUSE- work. Mrs. T. E. Urrey, 315 West Division. i-3t Wanted to Buy WE BUY HOUSEHOLD FORNI- turc, one piece or more. Any amount .What -lave you? Phor.c 873. ao-im WILL BUY AND PAY CASH FOR your interest in F.H.A. home. Phone 828-W. 31.31 Lost 17 JEWEL LYCEUM LADIES' wrist watch. Pink cold case. Liberal reward. Ruth Cornelius. Phone 328. 31-6t SET OF FORD RINGS, INSERTS and clutch disc, between Sale Barn and No. 4 highway. Return or call Hope l-3t First General Cut in Taxes Since 1929 Washington, Jan. 1 — (IP) —The government tomorrow hands the country a $0,000,000 incentive lo expanded business aclivily. The 1946 lax law, providing the lirst general cul in taxes since 1929, was written deliberately lo encourage spending for reconver- sion and high peacelime produc- to Lester Crawforc Auto Co. LOST DOWNTOWN, THE BOOK "The Gauntlel" by James Slreel Call 326 or. Ihe City Library. 1-31 WHITE FEMALE SETTER DOG black spol on right eye and one hip. Four years old, weighs about 25 pounds. Answers to name "Sis." No collar. Reward for return to J. S. Conway. Phone 713 or 939-W. 1-31 Truman.Byrnes Continued from Page One felt MacArthur should have been consulted more directly Moscow decision. But in on the general there was a feeling lhal the principles set forth by Byrnes as , the basis for the agreements might work if the nations involved would lei Ihem. This was besl expressed by.Sen. BATHROOM GAS HEATER, ONE ten-burner heater and small gas cook stove. See Frank Hicks, 127 West Avenue C. Phone 144-W. 29-3t Wanted! TELEPHONE POLES All Dimensions — to 70 Feet Cash Every Week RUFUS MARTIN PATMOS, ARK, .lA^l 0. -TXJ.J.I. lViriX^iT.1^1^ J-VllOOUU-TVl Tlf -rj n l\/r ^ Tr-T .-T-' ••-"-"• mules, five years old, weight ^, ay " e ?', R - ,¥ ors ,9- > R - Or <2., a 2490. One combination rubber l?.V, ong , ^ernationahsl, who said tired wagon or trailor. Two front axles and four wheels, off of car. H. Karl Weeks, Emmel, Ark. ^^ 27-61 ONE ALLIS CHALMERS MODEL K Caterpillar. Floyd Porterfield. 29-6t iMALL slove. RANGE WOOD COOK Hollis Mullins, IGlh and Ihe lesl will be in the application of Ihe principles which Ihe secrelary discussed. Lei's wait and see and hope for good faith from everyone." That doesn't mean all objections were removed. Sen. Pat McCarran D., Nev., said Byrnes' speech failed to change his criticism of Ihe original communique. "In the usual efficient Byrnes manner," McCarran said, "he suear-coated the pill." Spring Hill road. 29-3t SHOT GUN, BROWNING 20 gauge automatic with bird barrel. Guaranteed new condition. 575. Phone 754-J or call 418 South Greening Street l-3t 500 BALES HAY. ALSO SMALL farm. Good house. B. C. Lewis. Hope, Rt. 2. i-3t Notice IDEAL FURNITURE STORE WILL be opened for business in the same location on South Walnut Street, Wednesday, January 3rd. Phone 476. 31-lm BE SURE PLACE YOUR OR- der now for a new machine or vacuum cleaner. We carry parls and bulton-hole allachments. Call us for repairs. 615 West Division Slreet. C. W. Yancey, Singer Distributor. Phone 507-M. 6-lm INCOME TAX TIME. FARMERS are required to file estimate or final report by January 15th. See me at my office, Hope. Services reasonable. J. W. Strickland. 28-3w Services Offered REGISTERED SPENCER COR- setiere, individually designed corsets, brassieres, men and women's surgical supports. Mrs. Rulh Dozier. 318 Norlh Elm St. Hope, Ark. Phone 144-J. 28-lm Wanted to Rent TWO OR THREE ROOM FURNIS- ed apartment. Working couple. No children. Phone 918-J. 29-31 Motor Repairs—Light Fixtures Hope Appliance Co. 214 East 3rd SI PHONE 613 Appliance Repairs—Appliances New Yean s Eve Continued from Page One : -< brants paid cover charges ranging from $2 to $12. fa b In Rochester, N. Y., a noisy eve- ling was guaranteed for the friends of one culprit who broke into a parked automobile and slole five brass bugles. In Minneapolis, the police force was tripled to handle the celebration. Prices ranged from $8.80 lo $15 per couple for dinner and en- lerlainment. OPA prices gave celebrants dinner, dancing, and special al $9 per person in Dallas. But drinks were extra. Texas laws prohibited the sale of mixed drinks, so many revelers carried bollles. Crowds were lurned away from the beller Keep Moving—You're a Target When Jack Harding, coach of he Miami Orange Bowlers, pilol- ed Ihe Scranlon U. gridders a few , r ears back, he spenl his spare lime third-basing for Binghnmlon in the New York-Penn League . . . After watching heavyweight "contenders" Joe Baksi and Freddie Schotl waltzing around in the Garden last Friday, you got Ihc idea Louis and Conn betler start worrying about their ballet routine . . , Alabama footballers started out nicknamed the "Thin Red Line," then grew up to "Ihc Crimson Tide" And after tonight Call- fornians will probably be tabbing Ihem,Ihe Vermilion Varmints . . . Bouncing Around Bill Dickey says the holiest ball player he saw in Ihc service svas Pewcc Reese, Ihe Brooklyn Dodgers shortstop ... On his coast tour, Joe Louis shook hands in Seatlle wilh Tommy Burns, Ihc Canadian cloulcr who wns the parly of Ihe second part when Jack Johnson won the heavyweight lille in Australia. . . .Joe looked up and down Tommy's five foot seven frame . . . "Glad lo know you, Mr. Burns," he grinned, "Boy, you sure are Ihc lilllcsl heavyweight I ever Federal officials expressed confidence today thai il would have lhat effect. They forecast too thai il would oring a inodesl bul noliceable upturn in Ihe flow of civilian goods inlo Ihe slores, because aflcr mid- nighl Ihe producers will keep more of their profit from sales, pay less of il lo Uncle Sam. This results from repeal of heavy excess profits tax. Corporations will gel a lolal tax cut of $3,136,000,000 — a sizeable kitly which Ihe governmenl hopes will be plowed back iulo Ihc making of more goods and more jobs. Individuals will benefil by a lolal pf $2,800,000,000, through cuts ranging from 100 per cent for some 12.000,000 low income persons to 10 per cent or more for the average laxpayer. This will bolsler purchasing power al a lime when pay envelopes and salary checks are gelling Ihinner. The lolal benefit to taxpayers may even greater cial $6,000,000,000 than the estimate offi- Porkers Open With Texas Friday Fnyetevillc, Dec. 31 --W)—Their role as title favorites darkened slightly by personnel sclbncks, Ihc University of Arkansas Rnzorbucks this week will open a drive for their twelfth Southwest Conference basketball championship. The Porkers will lifl Ihc lid oil conference competition in a two- game scries wilh the Universily of Texas Longhorns here Friday and Saturday nights. Arkansas will be minus the services of two of lasl season's regulars. Mike Schumchyk, stellar forward, recently entered the army, and Earl Wheeler, big forward- guard, will not be available for Ihe Texas jousls due lo his scheduled participation iu the East-Wcsl 1'oot- oall game tomorrow. Dr. Eugene Lambert, Razorback coach, therefore, has been forced lo revamp his lineup. George Kok, towering offensive leader who was injured in the Porkers' loss lo New York Universily recently, will be back at his center posilion bul probably will nol be in lop form. Charles Jolliff, another starter who has been on the injured list much of the season, is due lo rc- turn lo his forward berth bul may nol be al his besl. Lambert is likely lo depend upon Ken Kearns al the other forward spol and Bill Flynt and Melvin McGah'a al guards. The reserve lisl is entirely ind said that the Nazi gun was the 'tie he used In the fatal shootings. (The FBI in Little Rock, Ark., aid that Jones' home town Is Cor- lova, Ala. His uncle, they report>d, lives at (4608 llth Ave., North) Birmingham, Ala. (Jones told Lulcher police today liat ho lasl lived al Culleudnlc, Ark. He admitted using the alias Robert E. Robertson, and the Lille Rock FBI said he used thill norc than ho used his real name.) The lone survivor of the highway rdcal, Senbec Gordon W. Ray, dcnUHed Jones as being 'Blacke" yesterday. Still hovering on the brink of oath, Rny leaned up from his hospital bed in New Orleans, gascd Jit "ones' emotionless face, nnd then ,'hispercd lo police, "lake him iwny." Then, after Jones had been es- orlcd from the room, Ray said; "Thai's 'Blackie.' That's the nan who shot mu." Jones admitted recognizing Ray, ncl last night he Identified the )ody of one of Ihe victims who lied, Walter J. Smith, of Long Beach, Cal. The details of the shooting, and >f Jones' flight from justice were ill in a signed confession loday. Ic said that he hitch-hiked a ride vith army Corp. Irving Pincus at Alexandria, La., and lhal n few niles north of Lutcher, en route lo Vcw Orleans, he asked lhal Uic car be slopped for a "rest." Then he shot Pinus, Smith ai.d Ray. Pincus and Smith were killed ilmosl Instantly. Ray saved his ife by feigning death so that he vouldn't be finished off. "Then," Jones said, "I took a )us lo New Orleans, look another jus to Pearlingttin, Miss., and hitchhiked lo Robcrtsclalc, Ala." In Robcrtsdalc, he secured work is a farm hand tor Robert L. Philips. Bul Saturday night, with the jrcss full ot information aboul Ihc DR. S.S.HENRY Office Treatments Piles, Vericose Veins, Postate Glands and Pus Tubes. East Broad Street Texarkana, Arkansas cause of the surprisingly high rate of national income which has been maintained even after the slump in war business. The official estimate was based on a nalional income of $130,000,000,000 in 194G. Bul Ihe country cn- lers the new year wilh its income clipping along at a $150,000,000,000 rate. Treasury ancl commerce de- parlmenl officials now agree lhal their ?130,000,000,000 figure was to low. Officials concede thai leaving more money in consumers' hands is an inflationary move, but the treasury department believes the net effect of the new tax law will be a stabilizing one. Much of Ihe reduclion goes lo taxpayers in Ihe lower income classes. In Ihe case of Ihe 12,000,000 who will be excused from paying any lax at all, most of the saving will be spenl for food. And food will be oul of Ihe scarcity class before automobiles and washing machines. v/hite tne effect may add to inflationary pressures during the urst nali 01 J»4b, Ihe treasury de- parlmenl believes lhal Ihis may come in handy in Ihe lasl half of dcflalionary lendcncies. Aboul 50,000 taxpayers will bene- fil from the lax slash. Besides Ihose going off Ihe lax rolls entirely, persons making up lo $50,000 a year will gel reductions of 10 per cent or more. Smaller reductions will apply to Ihose making over $50,000. ' The income tax relief for individuals will total $2,644,000,000. In addition, the public will benefil to Ihe exlenl of $140,000,000 from repeal of Ihe $5 use lax on autos and trucks, effective in July. Special income tax treatment is provided for veterans. Barbs By HAL COCHRAN Those who forgot to shop early found out thai lime and Yuletidc wait for no man. b e '|too shorl for amberl's comfort. Cabinet Work, Repairs, House Leveling or New Construction. See . . . L. A. WALKER Phone 534-J 1221 So. Main All work Guaranteed • FOR . . . JOB PRINTING PERSONAL STATIONERY See GENTRY PRINTING CO. Hope, Ark. Front St. RADIO BATTERIES A. & B. PACK We Have Them WALKED APPLIANCE CO. 108 S. Elm Phone 901 THE BLOND is what she's called — real name, Vera Delle. She's a gal of mystery and she'll bear plenty of watching in our new comic FLINT The most original comic in years, with the hero himself telling the story. The Longhorns, who have won eight of ten games lo date, are considered serious threats to Arkansas 'tille aspirations, although Southern Melhodist ancl Bayloi loom as Ihe Razrobacks' toughest foes in the conference race. All teams except Baylor wil swing inlo conference play Ihis week. Confesses He Killed Two in Louisiana Luchler, La., Jan. 1 — (UP) — The man who confessed he's Ihe gunman "Blackie" sal sleel-eyec and poker-faced in his liny jail eel here loday, unable lo explain Ihosc cold-blooded highway shootings foi which he is charged with murder Captured in laic Salurday, Robcrlsclale, Ala.. 'Blackie" confessec yesterday in Mobile, Ala., lo Ihe Killing of Iwo wounding of a membered every lasl delail of Ihe biazrre shootings on a lonely high and the serious third man. He re south-wide search for "Dlackfl Jones began talking too rMtl •about the case. The number of motor cars ... service Is expected to rise to 84.« 000,000 by 1055. way north of here. But as for why was no answer. Well, there "Blackie" said his real name was Alonzo Ellis Jones, and lhat he was a 27-year-old deserter from Ihc Marine Corps. He admitted stealing a German P-38 aulomalic from a home in Ea^'le Mills, Ark., The only way lo keep a cook these days is lo marry one, says an employment official. And then she'll want you to hire her a cook. For a time, the big question was who should lake over Ihe Pullman cars. And all Ihe lime, returning servicemen could have given the right answer. known night spots. The alcholics anonymous organization in Omaha held a non-inloxi- cating parly, bul elsewhere il was one of the wellest New Year's Eves on record. Legal Notice NOTICE Nolice is hereby given lhal Ihe undersigned will within Ihc time fixed by law apply lo Iho Commissioner of Revenues of the Stale of Arkansas for a permit to sell beer at relail at Roule 1, Washing- Ion, Ark. The undersigned slales that he is a cilizon of Arkansas, of good moral character, thai he has never been convicted of a felony or oilier crime involving moral lurpilucle; that no license lo sell beer by the undersigned has been revoked wilh- in five years lasl pasl; and lhal Ihe undersigned has never been convicted of violaling Ihe laws of Ihis slalc, or any olher stale, relating lo Ihe sale of alcoholic liquors. Lolar Adams Subscribed and sworn lo before me Ihis 31sl day of Dec. 1045. Emma G. Thomas Notary Public (SEAL) My Commission Expires SJ-2-48 Jan. 1. 1040. Starting January 7 in Hope Star Avoid Colds and Sore Throat During Winter The cold weather is here but you can avoid colds and sore throats by keeping your medicine cabinet complete with our remedies. • For Cosmetics, stationery and other Christmas Suggestions — Shop Here! We've WARD & SON The Leading Got It Phone 62 Druggist -J, Harry Segnar, Sr. PLUMBER Phone 382-J NEW ELECTRIC MOTORS !/4 - 1/2 - 3 /4 - & 1 H. P. Also a Stock of Used Motors — LIGHT FIXTURES — — APPLIANCE REPAIRS — .- MOTOR REWINDING — ": !cra\ Wiring Contractors '^.iLig' f ITV Carl Bacon V*I I I Jones ELECTRIC CO. Phone 784 Hope BEN DIX AUTOMATIC HOME LAUNDRY Sec it now and place your order. WALKER APPLIANCE CO. 108 S. Elm Phone 901 BE FIRST — Place your order now for a j MAYTAG i WASHER JONES MAYTAG . SALES & SERVICE Ernest Jones 220 E. 3rd Phono 613 Authorized Ports and Scrvlco Dealer '' is, Voice of Opinion ~~~"~~ By James Thrnshei "" '• i More Four-Power Government '•There is lilllc doubt lhal our Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy and warmer, occasional light rain northeast portion this afternoon, partly cloudy and warmer tonight and in north portion Thursday. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 67 Star of Hooo, 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 2,1946 Hope Builders Supply Co. For Paint Lumber Glass Lime Cement Plywood Roofing Nails Wall Paper Insulation Board Plumbing Supplies Fencing Windows Builders' Hardware You can be sure we will we service your car. check everylhing when Stop here for: GOOD GULF Gasolines and Oii 24 HOUR SERVICE WARNING to all motorists Freezing temperatures are on the way. Be ready . . . winterize your car now ! !e our»,program in ^jivrminy Is from successful. And one can some logical explanations for j Kitunlion, even without bcne- t rntyst-hund jjibservalfon. J($iuiii -(htil'fpn heavily bombed, 'as 1 spared,,the clash of armies ii her soil. Hence her basic cco- omy is less damaged than Gcr- ^anv's. The American altitude to- fircl the Japanese may be more npersonal and hard-boiled than toward Ihe Germans. The dlf- Tenl, national characlerislics of conquered peoples may also iter Inlo the picture, as well as •jy^Jj-nsling personalities in our rliiiflistrativc forces of the Iwo v .,. ; . But one imporlonl fact thai can- 'SS* 1 uc overlooked, is the single. Iforrii plan of government for pan as opposed to the four-way 'up in Germany. The former ms lo be enlisting the co-opcra- ot the Japanese emperor and subjects. The laller is begin- o show signs of coming Hi Ihc scams, mcrican mililary intelll- "am rcccnlly made a sur- ih Ihc American /.one of Gcr- 'my to find oul whal ihe natives thought of their fate in general and our occupation policies ancl practices "in particular. The survey showed lhal most Germans arc still unrepentant in n mo(?''piiingly pig-headed way, ,.l!ll . ' I — !._.'• "if!.. . : r> ..:..- Message Not Seen at Time Says, Stark By JACK BELL Washington, Jan. 2 —(/P)— Admiral Hut-old R. Stark snid todfty that ••in intercepted Tokyo message c'on- lainitif! ii pre-war tipoff on tjiu pos- iiibilily of an aerinl attack,on 'Pearl Harbor was never called lo his attention :il the lime ,as far as he can recollect. Stark also told a Senate - House inquiry committee thai so far as ic can recollect, no one in Ihe •inny or navy here interpreted the message for what they now .see It was — a step in layingout bombing plans. The message wtis picked up, decoded find translated Oct. n, 1941. It instructed Japanese agcnls in Honolulu to divide up Pearl Harbor into districts and report the positions of ships within the liar- still ,in sclf-jtistificalion. slill pro-testing their innocence or else brn/.cnly extolling Miller. Comment on American mistakes is , smug and conlcnipluous. A digest •' of the leam's report is dlsciuirag- t ing in its parts and doubly dis- , couraging in ils sum. For il clashes j the hope of an immediate or per.; haps even an eventual ucrman ' j change of heart. 11 isn'l our business lo make llv; Germans happy or to Ircal Ihem soflly. Bul il is our business, and lhal of our former Allies, lo see lhal llieir mililary government is run smoolhly and sternly, and that their re-education — hopeless as it may seem — goes on. Instead of doing thai, however, we seem lo be facing Ihc growing throat of a unified German opposition which is .smartly exploiting .-very sign of discord, confusion or cross purposes among Ihc four ', A £'.T M . e . ans Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaoer Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Hitler Ordered All Allied Commandos Slaughtered in Order of October 1942 For Wrecker Service IE MOTOR CO. ARCH 3rd & Walnut CHAS. Hope, Ark. governing Germany. In the face of this situation, it. seems unfortunate thai Ihc foreign ministers' meeting in Moscow has decided upon a four-power control of Japan. The agreement may have been something of a horse Iradc bul, after Ihe sad example of too many.-cQoks which Germany offers, il seems" lo promise more appeasement Ihan improvement. This country . has , no corner on wisdom, nor docs our almost single-handed conquest, of Japan constitute, in Itself, a iiyght to sole au- Ihorily in lhat country. Bul we have clone well. And il might seem .tha.t'""-lhe belter, AvisUom for all concerned' 'would Juive been 'to lei iloiii!. This was followed by .scvcraf oilier messages, translalcd early iij December, dealing wilh informal lion about Ihc harbor. i "I have no recollection of hayinjr seen those messages," Icslified Stark, who then was chief of naval operations. "I believe I did nol sre them, although I might possibly have seen them." The witness explained lhat intci:- replod Japanese messages were brought lo him in a bound book in a locked pouch. He said Ihc office of naval intelligence put a paper clip (in the lop of messages Ihcy thought important enough for him to read. He always read these, Stark said, and often checked over tlv others, too, to be sure that he wa: gelling all of Ihc important -infoc* mallori he 6ughl lo have. Slark said there is no doubt, that the "bomb plan" message translated Oct. 9 was 'in a class by itself in that it-inquired not only for information on the movement of ships bul on their position within a harbor. "In the lighl of hindsight," he said, "il stands oul very clearly. From whal we can read in il now il indicates the possibility, or the groundwork, for a possible air raid on Pearl Harbor. "That significance was not pointed oul lo me al Ihc lime," he con- linucd, "nor have 1 any recollection thai any body in Ihc navy dc- parlmenl so interpreted it then." "Don'l you think Ihis message ought to have been a significant thing to a careful intelligence man N u e r n b e r g, Jan. 2 —(UP) — Adolf Hitler issued an order in Oc- ober, 1942, Ihol all American and olher Allied commandos be 'slaughtered" lo Ihe last man ippn capture, the War Crimes Tribunal was lold loday. The order applied lo all com- nandocs, whether they were drop- icd on German-held territory in Europe and Africa by parachute, ir whether they were landed by -,hip or airplane. From now on all cnen>'«!S on so-called Commando missions in Europe or Africa challenged by "jcrman Iroops, even if Ihcy arc lo all appearances uniformed soldiers, or demolition troops armed or unarmed in battle or in flight arc lo be slaughtered lo the lasl man," Ihc order read. Hitler's order was issued a few weeks after the British and Canti- dian Commando raid on Dieppe, in which a few American Rangers participated. It was dated shortly before the Anglo-American invasion on North Africa. The order was aimed in part al wiping out Allied agents and .saboteurs who were harassing the Germans rear areas. "Even if when found Ihcy appeal prepared to surrender no quarter is to be granted on thai principle," Ihc order said. The German Iroops who captured Allied Commandos cither shoulc do the executions themselves, 01 turn Ihc prisoners over lo Ihc S. D. or security police, for execution the order read. Earlier the tribunal hearc evidence lhal S. S., men, lazilj uffing cigarcls, lined up hundreds f naked Ukrainian Jewish men, women and children In a giant pen grave and slaughtered them vith tommyguns. The proseculion prepared, to jrlng wilncsses lo testify against Srnsl Kallcnbrunncr, ailing Nazi security police head. This phase o_f he case is being handled by U. S. ^lavy Lieut. Whitney Harris, Los Angeles. witnesses summoned lo leslify igainsl Kallcnbrunncr included SS Mnj. Gen. O. Ohlcndorf, chief ot •iccurily police al Hcinrich Himm- cr's headquarters. Others were SS officer Wis- iclieny, Alois Hicllriegcr, SS guard 'il Malhauscn concentration camp, and a man named Schcllen erg head of the Nazi police headquarters inlclligcncc branch. An -eyewitness, Hermann Frcicl crich Griicbc, former manager ol Ukrainian construction company now living in the Uniled .Slalcs described in an affidavil read in court how he witnessed the merci less mass cxcculion al Dubno, ii Ihc Ukraine, during Ihe Jewish program of October, 1942. He said 1,500 persons — some o them cripled old men, others babes' in arms — were slaughterec daily while S. S. men cracked dof, whips around them. "The people gol off trucks anc undressed upon orders ot an S. S man," he said. "They had lo pu down their clothes in fixed places sorted according to shoes, lo clothing and underclothing. "I saw a heap of shoes tolalling Continued on Page Two NOTICE We Are Moving to Our JANUARYS 216 S. Walnut Street (In building formerly occupied by Collins Studio, Next to Hope Star) Now On Dispby The first 1946 Model Radio — Stromborg Carlson "Cavalier, a beautiful 7 tube console model. You are invited to visit our new store and see and hear this fine new Stromberg-Carlson creation, the first of' many fine radios to come. We sincerely appreciate the overwhelming response to our opening a month ago. Our only regret is that we have not been able to give you fast service in some cases due to the enormous number of radios brought in for repair. We resolve to give faster service with the same high quality of workmanship for 1946. Remember that we have one of the best equipped service shops in the entire Southwest. A large stock of parts, tubes ancl batteries backed by the skill and experience of a pre-war radio engineer. All work solidly guaranteed. -tt~^£ f ^fr?:#<s^'>^ Killed-oind 2 Injured in Malvern Blast Malvern, Jan, 2 —(/I 1 )— Three men were rcporlcd dead, Iwo cri- lically burned ancl another unaccounted for when an explosion rocked a storage tank of the Malvern waterworks system while Ihcy were finishing up ;i lank repair job loday. The men were employed by the Dixie Bridge ancl Tank Company of Memphis who were sent here for Ihe repair work. Officials of Ihe City Water Dc- parlmcnl said Ihey were spraying Ihe inside of the tank wilh painl when the explosion occurred. The cause of the blasl was nol determined. Two men working on top of a ladder were blown from Ihe tank, which was enveloped in flame and dense smoke. At Memphis, Tcnn., V/. A. Hiley, owner of the Dixie lank and Bridge Company , said Iho workmen assigned lo Ihe Tank job were: W. I,. Walker, Memphis. Ray Pounders, Memphis. N. E. DeVaughn, Covinglon, Tciin. E. C. Crockcll, Rt. 2, Stelo, Mo. Mill-shall Patterson, Blylhcville, Ark. Albcrl Lee Gibson, Lel'anlo, Ark. Riley said he had nol yet received a full report on the accident, lie said I he- tank was of the olc- valcd lypc, standing on legs. Repair work on it began Monday. Those reported to have died in the flames were Walker, foreman of the crew, Gibson and Patterson. Further identifications were not immediately available. Taken to the Hoi Spring County >, General Hospital were Elmer C, Crockelt and Elscn DC Vaughn. They were -reported in critical con- Dcparlmcul officials said lia'rri'D. Mitchell. Stark replied lhal it had gone through bolh Ihe Army and Navy intelligence divisions here without its true significance being delecl- ccl. Mitchell asked if the passage could have meant anything else but a search for information needed for an air attack. Stark said it could have meant thai Ihc Japanese were planning a submarine attack on Pearl Harbor, either by the midget craft later loosed in the Dec. 7, 1941 assault or by .single-man "suicide" craft. Mitchell wanted lo know if it wasn't of vilal interest lo Admiral Husband E. Kimmcl, then commander in chief of the Pacific fleet, in any event. The commillc has received testimony that Kimmel was not lold aboul Ihe message. "Yes," Slark replied. Slark also teiilificd lhal in December 1941 Ihc Navy did nol ox- peel cither an attack on Pearl Harbor or any such broad sc»lc of- State Police Exonerated By Jury County coroner, llufus Ilcrnclon announced loday lhal a jury had exonerated Stale Policemen Charles Boyd and Mnx Tackcll in Ihc falal shooling of James W. Moore in Fulton early Sunday morning. The jury met Tuesday afternoon. The jury snid, "James W. Moore came lo his dcalh while unlawfully resisting arrest, near highway 07, Fulton, Arkansas and was shot bv Slale Policemen Charles Boyd and Max Tackell who were fully jusli- fied in Ihc shooling." The body of Moore is being held ,,.--, , ,„„ at a local undertaking establish,?:.'. asked Wil-|, iY i'<j5rt, pending the -arrival of a , ., , , __ f sister" from California sometime Wednesday. Moore will be buried in Hope according to a message ditiun. Water For everything in radio look to HOPE RADIO I Phone 98 "Wishing You a Happy New the men had been working on the lank for several clays and after they had completed Ihc prc-limi- nai'y repair job had found leaks which needed lo be sealed. The tank, one of several which store water for the city of Malvern, is of the ck-vatcd type and stands about two blocks east of Main street on a hill. Repair work began on it aboul a ' ago wilh a crew of seven,_.. _.i the- job. .The welders caught in the- explosion came here Monday to complete the job. Leaks in (lie* lank had been discovered when it was filled with water yesterday, and the workmen were finishing 'up today with repairs on an outlet valve- at the bollom of the lank and paint spraying on Ihe in- month toon on side walls, i'c-rsoiis living in Ihe neighbor- lo Coronor Hcrndon. -o- Hirohitoin Bold Gamble to Hold Job Tensive as launched. Ihe Japanese actually MacArthur Quoted in Army Navy Merger By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST Washington, Jan. 2 —(/I')— Congressional opponents of an Army- Navy merger quolcd Gen. Douglas MacArthur today as seeing "po- lential possibilities of disaster" in the unification proposal. They wenl back nearly 14 years In gel the quotes, bul Chairman Carl Vinson (D-Ga) of the House Naval Committee insisted the reasoning behind MacArlhur's stand then remains the same lodav. MacArlhur has since reversed his stand. On Nov. 1, the Scnalc- Military Commillce made public his statement, lo a special Army- Navy CommiUec- thai experiences of VVorld War II had "absolulely convinced" him Ihe fighling forces should be consolidaled. Furthermore, he said then, there should be only one uniform for all scrv- Vinson is one of the leading opponents to President Truman's pro- nosal to consolidate the army and the navy inlo a single dcparlmcnl of nalional defense. General Mac- Arllmr may leslify, cilher in person by lelter, in behalf of llu- merger when the House Expenditures Committee starts hearings late Ihis month, Vinson lold a reporter he assumed MacArlhur would follow Ihe k-acl of "Ihe higher echelon" in supporl the merger, despite the opposite position the general look in Ihc past. In u letter to Ihe same commil- lec on Feb. 18, 1932, when il was hood said there was a sudden burst ,of flame followed by dense smoke. * Cror-kctl said al Ihc hospital lhal Crockett - . he was working at Ihe lop of Ihe lank when the explosion occurred. He said he was able lo crawl over the lop and reach Ihe ground and he heard moans coming from Ihe inside. He went to the nearest, telephone to call for the fire deparl- menl and ambulances. Rescue crews responded al once bul Dcvaughn was Ihe only vicliin who could bo removed from Continued un Page Two Ihe considering MacArlhur, wrote: "No other a similar Ihen chief proposal, of staff, measure proposed in recenl years seems lo me lo be fraughl with such polential possibilities of disaster for Ihe Uniled Slales as is Ihis one. The proven agencies which have successfully concluded through six wars in a period of 125 years are now under the apparent dictation of a measure of economy lo be launched on an adyenlure which, under certain condilions. mighl involve the very life of the nation." By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo, ' lirohitOj Jan. 2 —(/!')in a surprise Emperor rcnuncia- ion of Ihc myth lhat he is divine, started the new year with a bold iambic to hold his posilion before mlicipalcd fresh internalional ill- lacks. His unprecodenlcd New Year's 3ay rescript also frowned upon 'radical tendencies" in an evidenl ilay for the people's support igainst Japanese Coinmunisls, who ndvocalc his overlhrow. Furllicr, Ihe documenl slung Ihc government lightly but definitely 'or dilatorincss in solving prob- cms ot livelihood. In lhal, il indicated the emperor's continued in- 'crest in political affairs. General MacArlhur promplly ;ip- :)lauded the streamlined and un- isually straightforward rescript. lie said it propelled Hirohiln inlo "a leading parl in Ihe clcmocratiza- .ion of his people." This liming indicates that occupation authorises knew i n advance the general out lines of the :-escripl and were ready with un- .isually swift commenl. However, I is undur.stoocl that court officials undertook the renunciation withoul Allied prompting. The rescript said lhal tics bo- .wecn Ihc emperor and his people 'are nol predicated on the false conception lhal Ihe emperor is divine xxx ." He never has claimed divinily. lowever, lhal claim was made by officials who cleverly utilized thai concepl lo bind the people to Ihe .hrone. No ruler heretofore had dared deny thai mylholouy. Ordinarily, such a harsh' repuclia- lion of centuries' old teachings would mean immcdiale rcsign.alion of Ihc cabinet and probably 'numerous suicides among officials who bus would have lost face. This re- scripl doubtless was a stuiulc to many devout Japanese but the psychology of Ihc people has changed lo such exlcnl lhal il was accepted calmly. The rescript was accompanied by a campaign in the Japanese press to portray the emperor as a liuman being. Newspapers carried numerous, pictures of Ihe Mikado dressed iii an ordinary civilian suil and of Ihe empress sewing. CRIME, PUNISHMENT Alya, Okla. —(R') — When a group of high school boys heckled Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Tarranl wilh a prolonged charivari, newlywcd Tan-ant got even. He passed oul cigars a.nd lei nature take ils course. Boy Identified as Bormann's Not Hitler's London, Jan. 2 — (UP) — The Daily Express rcporlcd from Nuernberg loday that Hcinrich Hoffman, Adolf Hiller's photographer, had identified a 12-year-old boy in a pic- lure found wilh Hiller's docu- mcnls as Ihc son of Marlin Bormann, Nazi parly chieftain. The Evening Standard in an uncrediled d i spalch from Nuernberg had claimed ycsler- day lhal Czech police had ar- rcsled a 12-year-old boy "who may be Hiller's son." The dispalch said Ihe boy resembled a youngster, whose picture had been '"• found with Truman Back, Ready to Talk Thursday P. M. Washington, Jan. 2 — (/F)— Pros- dent Truman worked today on the imil draft of a radio address to he nation tomorrow night, but loslponcd a decision on whether o deliver his subsequent annual message lo Congress in person. Mr. Truman returned to his desk it the While House this morning tfter a four-day cruise down the :>olomac on Ihc presidential yacht Williamsburg. Ho devoted part of his cruise ,lmu lo work on both speeches, get- .Ing well along lo completion on Ihc radio address, in which he is> expected lo seek the people's support lor his stalled legislative program. While House Press Secrclary Charles G. Ross disclosed thai the prcsidcnl had nol made up his mind whether lo submit in person his annual message on the slalc o Ihe union lo Congress. The mes sage is due lo be prcscnlcd shorl ly after Congress reconvenes Jan. 14. "He may or may not go" Ic Capilol Hill lo deliver Ihe mes ,sago, Ross lold reporlers. 1C Mr Truman decides upon a persona prcsenlalion, Ross added, Ihc oc casion would be lelcviscd for Ihe fjrst lime. Soon after the president's return, the White House described as "pure speculation" published reports of differences within the ad- minislralion over labor policy . ,Ross made Ihis commenl al a news conference when asked about a report the president may summon Labor Secretary Schwellenbach for a "heart to heart talk." This report asserted that some Labor Department attaches feel that there is an official Labor De- parlmenl run, by Schwellenbach and an unofficial one by Dr. John R. Sleelman, presidential assistant and former chief of the concilia- lion service. Ross said that Schwellenbach would come lo the While House Friday for Ihc regular meeling of Report Thai European Jews Plan Mass Exodus Incredible, Says Wise -® Hitler's marriage and lasl testament. certificale the cabinet. While Schwellenbach was not FindBIood Stained Shirts in Automobile Detroit, Jan. 2 — (/P)— Authorities scoured the downstale area of central Michigan loday afler Ihey found Iwo blood-stained shirts in an automobile they believe may have been abandoned by Ihe slaver of Mrs. Gladys Marsdcn, -10, twice- divorced army ordnance clerk. The auto was found late Tuesday near the spol in Bailie Creek where police say a 27-year old civilian and his sailor companion ad- milled slcaling a car Monday. H bore no license plates but officers said they have evidence thai il came from Detroit. The civilian suspect beinji questioned in Jackson, Mich., on Ihe Marsclen slaying gave offiunrs an alibi for his whereabouts Saturday night and Sunday morning when Mrs. Marsdcn was strangled and beaten and left nearly nude aboard the presidennlial yacht, which returned here today with Stcclman aboard, Ross said no cabincl members were aboard during Ihe past few days except Stale Secretary Byrnes who was called to the ship for a special purpose. Washington, Jan. 2-—(/P)— Presi- deill Truman returned-lo' Washington today from a cruise on the Polo- mac, ready lo carry his fight !oi- his legislalivc program direct lo Ihe people bolh by radio and lelevi- sion. The presidential yachl Williamsburg docked here Ihis morning. The president had breakfast aboard, atlcr she docked at the navy yard, then drove lo Ihc While House. Mr. Truman speaks al 9 p.m. (CST), tomorrow on all radio networks in his first straighl-to-the- nation appeal lo knock loose in 1946 the chucks a balky Congress placed in 1945 under his 2l-noint legislalive wagon. And on January 15 he will go before Congress in person lo deliver Ihc firsl televised presidenlial message. This is expeclcd to be an claboralion of his Thursday night speech which White House aides have described as an "over - all report to the nation." The January 15 dale, the after Congress re-convenes, SPA Agent to Hope Early This Month Washington,' Jan. 2 — Surplus Property Administration officials, wondering what the War Dcparl- menl is doing aboul condilioning Ihc Southwest Proving Ground at Hope for disposal since it was declared surplus, will dispatch an emissary lo Hope early this month. The "conditioning" is necessary because large quantities of unex- plocled shells still lie in some parts of the 50,000-acre testing area. Buill at a cosl of $1,300,000, il includes Ihe largcsl airporl in Arkansas and 6,000 acres served by gas and power lines and by improved roads. The cily o£ Hope has lei is be known thai il wants to acquire the airporl and induslrial porlion of Ihe Proving Ground. Federal officials have been advised that a committee representing the community is ready to negotialc at the proper time. Thai must await decontamina- lion of Ihe ground by Ihe War De- parlmcnl, and an ensuing inspection by Civil Aeronautics Administration representatives. The inspection will be the basis for determining future disposition of the acreage. •-. Disposal of the airport and industrial section presumably be undertaken by Ihe RFC. acreage, including lhat acquired from aboul 600 farmers who have tirsl priorily lo buy back their former properly, will be classified as lo polential use. That which is suilable for farming will be disposed of by the Farm Credil Ad- minislralion of the Agricullure De- parlmenl. By JOHN B. MCDERMOTT C Frankfurt, Jan. 2 —(UP)— Lt. en. Sir Frederick E. Morgan, UN.RRA chief in Germany, said today thai Ihe Jews in Europe apparently had formulated an organized plan for a mass exodus from the continent lo Palesline. Morgan said at a press conference that he was unable lo pul a finger on Ihc purported organization around which such a Jewish movement revolved. He said he believed that the organization was camouflaged clearly. "The Jews seem to have an organized plan thai can become a world force — a weak force numerically, bul one which is general- ing power for gelling whal Ihey want," the British officer said. "Their positive plan is to get out of Europe." Morgan said he was becoming more and more convinced lhal re- porls of pogroms and alrocities against the Jews in Poland were based less and less on fact. He charged thai such slorics were by-producls of an organized Jewish plan lo force Ihe Uniled Nalions lo take some aclion giving Ihe Jews a permanent home. will The to die in a Detroil schoolyard. Inspector Charles 1C. Scarle Continued on Page Two Child Born With^ Heads in England Birmingham, Eng., Jan. 2 — — A child with two heads was born yesterday to the wife of an American soldier, officials of the Selly Oak hospital said' today. Nurses said the in the maternity ward child — born aboul a monlh prematurely — was being kepi in a ward wilh olher premature babies and lhal il awakens for feedings and cries normally. They said, however, lhal il was "quite feeble." Hospital officials said both the child's heads were perfect <and were attached to twin necks on normal shoulders and body. Weight at birth was five pounds, 12 ounces. Trainloads of Jews were arriving in Berlin almost daily from Poland, Morgan said. He added thai the pockets of most of fhe Jews were well lined with money, and they were well fed and well clothed. Their stories of persecution of Jews in Poland, he said, were notable for their similarity. Morgan's representatives have been unable to find any concrete example of pogroms inside Poland, he said. The stories invariably were that the alrocilies "occurred in the next town," Morgan said. The purported clandesline "organization" of which Morgan spoke seems lo be centered in Poland and Bavaria, he said. Some motivating force or promise, he said, is influencing the Jews lo give up comfortable living in Poland, as evidenced by Iheir physical condi lion, dress and money when they reach Berlin. The problem of displaced persons Ihroughoul Germany is nearing a crisis, Morgan said. Ils oul- corno is dependent on the Unitec Nations, and especially American action in deciding the future of the UNRRA, he said. He predicted that a "hard core' of 30Q Jl OQQ.i_lp'-',.5,00,OpO t ,;;,^unr.epatri ables" would ''remain at the end o 1946. UNRRA allocations are good only through this year, he sgid and now is the lime lo make plans for caring for Ihe displaced per sons nexl year. II is imperative, Morgan said for the Uniled Nations lo skelch a long-range fulure policy, regard less of whether UNRRA or some other relief agency is doing the job. "If the United Nations fail tc undertake lo solve Ihe displacec persons problem in some salisfac lory manner," Morgan said, "wi have ihe seeds of World War II now in our care and under Ihe pro leclion of Ihe British Americai and French armies." U.S. Plans Action in Strike of UEW ; By HAROLD W. WARD \ Washington, Jan. 2 — (IP) — The government scheduled posilive ac- lion today in one strike threat — ,-i thai of 200,000 electrical ' workers v — but. marked lime in a bigger one ' <>'. unlil ils newly-appointed steel fact- ',J finding board can swing into ac- "J lion. Conciliation Chief Edgar Warren * ailed representatives of Westing- ; ouse and General Electric com- "-• anies to a delayed meeting lo dis- uss their wage dispute with the : lO-United Eleclrical Workers. , V The union met with Warren last < /eek, but the companies which had /hen invited to follow im- •nedialcly deferred their session ntil loday. Union officers, reporling that icir conversations with GE and /estinghouse had been broken off; old Warren a strike against those wo firms was "inevitable." Later he union summoned its executive aoard to meet in New York January 5 to act on a previously-voted trike authorization. A third company, General Colors, is involved in the union's .emand for a $2 a day wage in- rease. The union, however, .says legotiations with that corporation till are alive. , While Warren hoped to avert a tvalk-oul at GE and Westinghouse "' iy gaining an agreement for a re- -" umption of negolialions, the January 14 deadline for a strike of 700,-i 000 ClO-steelworkers gave the government renewed cause for concern, j President Truman Monday night appointed a three-man fact-find- \ ing panel to go into the steel wage ,? : dispute — also over a $2 daily in-1 • crease — hoping to dispel the f threat of a shutdown in this'basic-.r day announced lasl night in New York by the American telephone and telegraph Company. The While House had indicated Mr. Truman would deliver his message in person, but had nol made il definilc nor had any dale been mentioned previously. Workmen have been installing television equipment al Ihc capilol of j Cor several days. Continued on Page Two Region With Over a Million People, No Lawyers, Have Curious Phases of Justice By JpHN RODERICK (Substituting For Hal Boyle) 'country Ihe people are high-spiril- Yenan —(/I 1 )— In Ihis region of cd and aggressive. Lillle Rock, Jan. 2 —(IP)— Consideration uf Oaklawn Jockey Club's applicalion lo conduct a spring horse racing met at Hot Springs Feb. 25 through March 30 is scheduled for Jan. 7 by the Arkansas Racing Commission. A 30-day fall meeting at Oaklawn was completed last month. Haili's Independence Day is Jan. 1. Chinese Connminisls with more than a million inhabilanls and no lawyers, juslice has ils curious phases. Under Ihe Comniunisl legal sys lem, a person convicted of murder cilher is executed or gets a maxi mum of 10 years in prison. There is on punishment in between. Any prison sentence of more than 10 years was abolished some years ago on Ihe theory lhal a criminal could be reformed in lhal time if at all. The death penally, which is scl dom invoked, is inflicled on ha bilual criminals, Judge Wang Tzo Yi lold me on a visil to a regional prison atop a high hill in Yeaan. Some of the prisoners I saw were serving five-year terms for murder. They were not segregated but were working al collonspinning wheels in a sunlil courtyard along wilh lesser offenders. The prisoners looked surprisingly heallhy and none of those I talked to made any complaints. All were adcqualely clolhed and had sufficienl bedding. The prison, which is clean, even has a recrca- Uon hull decoraled with colored streamers. The judge lold Vne Ihc Communist law was nol codified bul was based almost entirely on precedent, leaning heavily on a discussion of the permits of each individual case as it arises. There are no court cosls, civil or criminal. Assaull cases are Ihe mosl num erous on Ihe criminal dockels, ac- counling for 30 per cenl of Ihe Irials last year, the judge said, ex- I plaining lhal in this wilderness Gambling, thcfl and opium inioking arc next mosl numerous cases. Murder Irials are rare. The penally for opium smoking is one year or less. Land disputes lead Ihc civil cases, being mainly concerned with whether the tenants or the relatives have the right to buy land when an owner dies. hi criminal hearings, Ihe molive weighs heavily, particularly it il is economic, and a man who steals tools is considered a greater criminal Ihan one who steals luxury items. The people's political council appoints a chief justice who in lurn nominates his 39 associates for appointment by the council chairman. Lower courts have a chief juslice and Ihrcc associates named similarly by district, councils. I witnessed one trial in which six men were charged wilh smuggling narcotics from nearby Shansi province. The penalty for this is either death or a minimum of five years in prison. All readily admitted the act, although one tearfully denied knowing il was a crime. The narcotics had been concealed in the pieces of a slone bench, which was in- Iroduced as evidence. The 29-year- old judge informally questioned each defendant, and seemed mainly interested in Ihc possibililics of reform. I was unable lo remain lo hear the verdict but was informed lhal Ihc prisoners would have Ihe righl lo appeal lo Ihe regional court and to the districl chairman, either of which could order a new trial. The hospital declined to the name of Ihe parenls. They said Ihe falher had returned lo Ihe United Slates lasl July. The child was born al Ihc molhcr's home in a Birmingham suburb, but the molhcr and baby were taken lo the hospital immediately. The mother was said to be recovering normally. The child is a girl. A doctor who examined her said she had a very slight chance of living. He said the infant apparently had two sets of respiratory organs and the Iwo heads were breathing at different rates. 528~De°aths in Holiday Celebrations By The Associated Press A more somber note lo Ihe nation's New Year's holiday celebration was recorded today as the number of deaths from violent causes passed the 500 mark. A survey across the country showed lhal al leasl 528 persons .suffered violent deaths from G p ,m. last Friday to midnight Tuesday .The tabulations listed 247 killed in traffic accidents. The Na- lional Safety Council had estimated between 375 and 400 motor fatalities over tlie holiday period. The other 2(!1 violent dcalhs resulted from a variety of causes — plane and irain crashes; shoolings, slabbings, fires, clrownings, explosions, exposure, falls on icy slrccls and accidents in the home. Two deaths resulting from alcoholism were reported. Six slates, Dc-laware, Mississippi, Rhode Island, North and Soulh Dakota ancl Vermont reported no violent deaths during Ihe four-day period. One fatality was listed in Wyoming. Stall's leading in the loll were Pennsylvania wilh 4(5; Texas and Nc-w York each wilh 41 and Illinois 39. Of the Illinois total, 31 were in Chicago and suburbs. The violent death toll by slates, listing traffic and miscellaneous: Arkansas 5-6; Kansas 1-4; Missouri 7-11; Oklahoma 4-G. Hoi Springs, Jan. 2 —(/I 1 )— A Hoi Springs couple •— Mr. iind Mrs. William S. Baker — claims Arkansas' firsl 1946 baby. Weighing eighl pounds, 14 ounces, Ihe baby boy, named Roberl F. Baker, was delivered a few seconds after mid- nighl Monday nighl al Ihe Melhod- isl hospital. r,econver ; s^ou ; ,,andustry,: ,„ „ , Nathan P.- 'Feinsinger, .member of the War Labor Board'until it went out of existence • ^yesterday, was appointed to the panel'arid Irn- medialely sought to bring the two olher members lo Washington at the earliest possible date for a conference on procedure and organization. Associate Justice Roger I. McDonough of the Utah Supreme "Incredible," Says Wise New York, Jan. 2 —(UP)—Di Stephen S. Wise, president of Ih American World Jewish Congress said loday lhal Ihc statement o an UN.RRA official charging Eurr pean Jews with a mass exodu plan "savors of Nazism al il worst." He said he would bring Ihe "in credible" statement of Lt. Gen. Si Frederick E. Morgan, UNRIU chief in Germany, to the atlenlion of a special meeling of the Congress. "II not only savors of Nazism at its worst but goes back lo the elders, of Zion forgery of a century ago," Wise said. "To speak of Jews living comfortably in Poland is in brutal and harsh disregard of Ihe 50,000 lo 75,000 Jews in Poland who cannot, despite Gen. Morgan, continue to live in a land which has become a nation-wide cemetery of their murdered people." He described the statement as "shamefully partisan" and said that il did Morgan and UNRRA Ihe "grcalesl discredit." Denied By Spokesman London, Jan. 2—(UP)—A spokesman for the World Jewish Congress denied allegations that a "secret Jewish force" was trying to manipulate a mass exodus of Jews from Europe to Palestine. A. L. Easterman, official observer for the congress al Ihu Nuernberg and Bclscn war crimes Irials, said Lt. Gen. Sir Fred Rick K. Morgan's charges were completely untrue and were designed to prejudge the findings of the Anglo- American Palesline inquiry com- Noted Author and Lecturer Married in Hot Springs, Ark. Rosa Zajjonini Marioni, noted au- Ihor and lecturer, and Prof. Luigi A. Passarelli of Ihe Universily of Arkansas were married here yesterday. They will live at Fayetleville. Justice J. Earl Housley officiated at the .ceremony, which was coil- ducted at the- home of Dr. anc Mrs. George B. Fletcher. DIES IN PLANE CRASH Blylheville, Jan. 2— (/P) — A plane crash near the Municipal Airporl here yesterday took the life of Cecil Wrolon, 36-year-old Blylhcville business man, and critically injured H. Russell Campbell, 37, also a business man. Engine trouble was believed to have caused the crash. Wrolen was owner and pilol of the plane. One-half of the surface of the moon has never been viewed by mankind. assured: him of his immediate availability, Feinsinger said. He added, however, that he was unable to reach chief justice James M. Douglas of the Missouri Supreme court, the other member named by Mr. Truman, over the holiday. o— *American Gl Killed By Two . Red Soldiers Berlin, Jan. 2 —(UP)— Two Russian soldiers were under military arrest today for the New Year's eve killing of an American service- Tian in a Berlin cafe. American authorities said the wo accused killers were being held for trial by Russian military police. The soldier, whose name was withheld pending notification of his family, was shot through the head as he sat with a German girl in lie Piccadilly cabaret, shortly before midnight New Year's Eve. Eyewitnesses told police the two Red Army men, who apparently lad'been drinking, entered the cabaret, marched direclly to the American's table and onened. fire, tilling the soldier and" wounding the girl in the stomach. They fled immediately, but were arrested within a few minutes by a joint Russian-British patrol and were' turned over to Soviet authorities. The victim was the third American killed in Berlin in the past 10 days. Authorities still are searching for two uniformed men who killed two GI's on Dec, 23. As a result of the latest shooting, it was announced that occupation authorities had decided to set up permanent joint British and Russian military patrols in Berlin! o Aluminum Plant May Be Opened Soon Washington, Jan. 2 (Special) — .Resumption of operalions at the- Hurricane Creek alumina plant , and Iho Jones Mills aluminum plant will be "only a matter of weeks," after, and if, Ihe Department of Juslice and the Surplus Properly Administration formally approved the RFC's acceptance of the Reynolds offer to lease for five years, with option lo buy, the warlime-buill government proper- tics which, until August 31. were leased to the Aluminum Company of America. M. M. Caskie, Reynolds vice president, said today lhal the com- oany has completed plans for exe* cutives and key production personnel, on a moment's notice, to set oul for Arkansas from their posts at other plants. They will hire em- ployes and prepare the machinery for operation.

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