Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on January 1, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, January 1, 1946
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<• v^f-wtoHiU*,,.,, •"T" -© Voice of Opinion "—" By James Thrasher ""—• The New Immigrants The steps which President Truman has inkcn to reopen this country to European immigrants as speedily ns possible reveal a warm and ready sympathy much to be admired. His action in waiving Ihc necessity of re-entry for the 1000 refugees in relocation camps here is sensible. Ills insistence that orphans and the most destitute of war victims be given •Jirsl consideration will assure help 'Where help is most needed. But the President's directives, for all the generosity that inspired , them, will have to be carried out ii- with intelligent care. For one thing, Ti 'the adull newcomer must be im'-, pressed wilh the almost unbcliev- jlf able fact that life in unscarred, ,' well-fed America is not as idyllic as It must appear from the vantage point of a Europe that is cold, hungry, war-wrecked and dispirited. Not that America will nol be / jpflnllely bellcr. Bul Ihe newcomer \m\\l discover, unless he has friends to take him in, that he has arrived in a country where living space is at a premium. In the larger cities of the East, where the immigrant will first find himself, there are lens and hund/-eds and sometimes thousands-oH families seeking permanent • housing for every dwelling that becomes "available. The newcomer will find unemployment now and the prospect of more to come. He will find, even (/though he may have superior qualifications, that such things as seniority and previous Iiicliniations and commilmenls may close to him all but menial, low-paying jobs. And the newcomer will discover resentment. Without debating whether that resentment is right pi- wrong, selfish or simply realistic, it is apparent. The newcomer will find il hard to answer if someone says lo him, "We cannot help you find a house or job until we have taken care :*f those who helped lo liberate ^ou and your country, those to whom we both are so greatly in dcblcd." A monthly immigration of some 4000 persons theoretically puts no strain on this great nation. But when those 4000 arc concentrated in a few crowded localities, as they may be, competing with Americans for non-existent houses and scarce jobs, the situation could be axaggcrated out of all numerical proportion. Many Americans unfortunately ; yrc prejudiced against foreigners generally and newly-arrived foreign refugees in particular. And, again unfortunately,' many refugees feel a billcrncss toward Ihe Americans who have suffered so •liltlc while they Ihcmselvcs have suffered so much. Bolh these feelings could be exaggerated by a hastily planned or ill-considered reopening of immigration, wilh serious consequences. The whole program calls for intelligence, tact, und mutual respect, understanding and good will. V o World XSreets the New Year With Hope By The Associated Press The world, free from war for the first time in six years, greeted the a cw year on a note of hope today ut in many lands the celebrations were tempered by hunger, cold of marching armies. In Ihe Uniled Slates all slops sorrow and sttife left in the wake were out. Across the nation from coast to coast, millions jammed night clubs, poured out into brightly-lighted streets and yelled themselves hoarse in the loudest and wildest celebrations since 1939. It was the same in the great capitals of the ' United Nations throughout the world. In Moscosv, v ?aris, London and Chungking wine './owed freely and toasls were cirunk to friendship. The swank holcls were filled with gay throngs and private parlies lasted far into the morning. In Germany and Japan, the day was observed with sobriety. There was little' gaiety in the bomb- wrecked cities, where many families quietly drank a carefully- Hope Star WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair, colder this afternoon and in cast and south portions tonight. Lowest temperatures 10 to 22 degrees north and 22 to 20 in south portions tonight. Wednesday fair and warmer. 47TH YEAR: VOL. 47—NO. 66 Star of Hone. 1899: Press. 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JANUARY?, 1946 382,000 Idle Over Nation in Labor Disputes By The Associated Press Approximately 3(12,000 workers idle throughout nation because of continuing labor disputes. Major labor developments: Steel — President Truman acts to avert nationwide strike in steel industry scheduled for •Ian. 14; names fact-finding board to study wage dispute between company and CIO sleclworkets union which called strike of 700,000 in support of demand for $2 a day wage increase; president also asks OPA to reconsider industry's request for a price boost on products. Communications — Threat of strike Jan. 7 by 50,000 AFL em- ployes of Western Union cases as gdncral committee of AFL Coinrpcrclal Tele graphors Union'recommends its 5f! W.U. locals! accept War Labor Board award of wage increases averaging; .12 cents an hour; company lofticials and CIO Icylers of New York union withhold commit)I pending receipt of WLB 'ruling. Shipping — 20 percent basic wagcjboosl granted AFL Long- shorejncn in New York by arbitrator in wage dispute with shipping companies; 18-day strike!last October over issues, Electrical — Hope fades for halting strike Thursday by 10,000 Western Electric Company employes in New York and New Jersey in support of demand for 30 percent wage hike; federal conciliator says company not willing to go beyond offer of 15 percent boost; possibility of sympathy walkout of 450,000 telephone workers throughout country. Automobiles — Lull in General Motors wage dispute; company and CIO United Auto Workers Union express willingness to resume wage negotiations but no date set; nearly 400,000 workers in automotive industry,' including some 200,000 strikers at General Motors, idle on holiday; government fact-finding board report on General Motors dispute expected Thursday; strike enters seventh week. o New Year's Eve Wildest Since ring 20's ByJUnited Press The nation nursed its biggest and Inosl expensive hangover today after one of the wildest New Year 1 ! ICve celebrations since the roaring 20's. The celebration that swept across the nation at the arrival of 1046 touched off a riot of noisc- nakirg and roistering. But it was .cmpo'cd by early-morning church services in the sober aftermath of lie gicatest war in history. As':he old year was rung out crowds which police throughout the. lalion estimated as the largest in lislor; burst into a bedlam of loise nncl unrestrained joy that cliiriiucd an evening of spending which never had been equalled. Alrrnsl 4,000 policemen patrolled in Nev York's Times Square to <oep ; i crowd estimated at almost l,. r )00,Q)0 shrieking cclebrators in check. Liquor flowed freely. A new light ;lub opened for a near-capacity house with a minimum charge of $75 a couple. Tlic celebration followed a pro- aortioiate pattern across the country. Chicigo had its Patton Had Prestige and Salesmanship to Insist on Getting What He Wanted By HAL BOYLE Manila —(/I")— More memories f General Pntton: Palton was known to the public s perhaps Ihc most spirited, ruth- ess, aggressive Allied coder of World War II. military This aspect of his character has 3ccn overemphasized to the dctri- ricnt of other qualities. One reason tills great general never lost a campaign or major battle was the net Iliat he was an astute army jolitician and knew thoroughly the mportancc of supply. Lesser men might gamble with what was on hand but Palton had he salesmanship and prestige to nsisl on getting what he wanted in the way of troops and supplies bc- :orc he undertook an important ask. Thus when he was sent from Morocco to rebuild American army forces shattered at Faid and Passerine pass he scmbling the first insisted on as- armored and lirsl and and Ninth Infantry Divisions fighting them for the first .imc as" divisions. Hitherto as scal- ,crcd regiments they nominally were under an American corps but actually were under the British First Army command. ; The navy lank losses inflicted by the Firsl and Ninth Infantry divisions at El Gueltar crippled Field Marshal .Rommel's defense of the Marelh line, helping Montgomery's noted British Eighth Army Lo breach that barrier and close In for the final Tunisian kill. I At El Guellar, I saw Pallors usual calculated disregard for hi* personal safely during a visil to a frontline command post on a hllU top. Although numerous American dead lay around and the Germans were heavily shelling the road arda and bombing it with outdated stukas, Patlon drove up in a corrt- mand car, stepped out and stalk- cd sliffly, erectly forward. Me never ducked once, so neither could the officers who accompanied him and who looked mighty unhappy about the whole si'lualion. Truth requires me lo report that this • correspondent, devotedly triie lo his responsibilities to his employers, his readers and his own skin, earnestly hit the dirt every time an enemy shell whistled near — and I don't remember ever hearing more whistling. YYIK Roai but hoarded bottle of wine, mained cold and hungry. Berlin newspapers hailed the new year with hope jthat it would >jie a ' YJn r IT i\ "better Japanese a turning point for 'Germany," while the heard their emperor admit in new year rescript thai he was not divine und inform them that they were not destined to rule the world. Despite the problems which beset tho world, messages of hope wore voiced from many quarters. Pope Pius XII, in an address to the papal guards, expressed optimism for the future and said he was thankful thai Ihe year 1045 saw Ihe end of Ihe terrible world conflict. IJIn a message of encouragement % the French neoplc, President. De- Gaulle said France was bcgini.ng the new year "with ardor and with courage," and added "we know thai many obstacles remain to be surmounted but we know also that everywhere we arc making prog- rcss '* Trie British, still lightening their belts because of unrelieved wartime shortages, heard a word f warning from their war leader Winston Churchill no easy pire and liberty" still remains the call which leads us on. Belgium's premier Achille Van Acker proclaimed victory lor the icicle in what he termed the bat- eo coal - « -Cits' 11 , l ° P™ducc nnir-h coal to keep the populace but promised other bailies A somber note " Year's Eve crowd biggest New in 20 years. State'snd Randolph Streets were a bcdlan of tinsel, confetti and mcrrynnking. Liquor sales were ;U •\ new high. Swank clubs and saloons vere jammed. The top nighl club p-ice was $111.50 minimum. Tho ;iilire police department was on dut> throughout the niglil in Sun Franciico, augmented by 1,600 service police who handled more In an 5),000 stranded servicemen from he Pacific war theaters. Prices were up to $12 per plate. Dpwnwwn streets were carpeted cjiifelti. The midnight curfew :m bars still was in effect, but "speakeasy" bars operated tlroughoiit the night. New England celebrated its noisiest aid wettest New Year's Eve m yoa:s. Hotels, night clubs, taverns, md theaters were jammed despite hampp'ud freezing slugh transportation. which Champagne in Boston cost up lo $20 a bottle, but it flowed like An 'Estimated 150,000 was sounded by Promlc" Willcm Schermcrhorn of >»cNetherlands, whose. country is laced with serious difficulties in Ihc Eas Indies, where the Indonesian arc" demanding indepcn- dC "Thi! war is over," he said, "bul the peace docs not wish to come. A P the convulsions we' are wit- water, persons cramniL'd into Detroit bars and night spots, where the normal closing hotr had been extended from 2 to 4 a.m. for the first time since pre-wa: days, bus drivers were an- thonzel to lake intoxicated persons hwic, provided the chore didn't 'akc the bus more than two blocks off its route. Skyrockets blossomed over main business streel intersections in Al- lanla, while street vendors did a boomug business in horns and noisemakcrs. Prices at nighl clubs ran from $4.80 to $7.20 per person. Liquor dealers in Miami estimated thai cclcbralors soaked up $3,000,000 worth of spirits, with scotch selling for an unuosted $40 per bottle, top. Niglft clubs charged froin $20 a plale down. Swank nighterics said the average couple spent Irom $05 to $75, including tips. Portland, Ore., entertained a large Miurljon of Uic navy for the firsl tjnic in ils history, and the navy took over the city. Celebrants started their rounds long before midnifsii, with little thought of a flood \\hich threatened the city. Record crowds mobbed night clubs and taprooms in Philadelphia, vhere reservations were sold Hirohito Tells Jap People He is Not Divine By MORRIE LANDSBERG Tokyo, Jan. 1 —(/P)— Emperor Hirohito told the Japanese people today thai there was -a "false conception thai the emperor is divine" — something none of Japan's rulers through .the centuries ever dared say before. In a New Year's rescript thai stripped aside all the awesome aura that long has enveloped the imperial throne, the emperor of a beulcu empire likewise . informed his subjects that they were not destined to rule Ihc world. "We stand by the people and we wish always lo share with them in their moments of joys and sorrows," the rescript said. "The lies between us and our people have always stood upon mutual trust and affection. "They do not depend upon mere legends and myth. They are not predicated on Ihe false conception that the emperor is divine and the Japanese people are superior lo other races and are fated to rule the world." The emperor also used the word "defeat" for the first tinie and ex pressed concern over what he termed spreading "radical tendencies" in Japan. "We feel .deeply concerned to note Uial consequent upon the protracted war ending in our defeat our people arc liable to grow restless and to fall into the slough of despond," said his message made public to the foreign press through the U. S. army public relations office. Radical tendencies in excess e gradually spreading and the sense of morality lends lo. lose ils hold on the people with the result that there arc signs of confusion of thoughts." Tho emperor said Ihe government should make every effort to alleviate Ihc plight of the people. He asserted that war's devastation had inflicted on Japan's cities "the miseries of the destitute, the stagnation of trade," a food shortage and a growing number of unemployed. Hirohito declared, however, thai "if Ihe nation Is firmly united in ils resolve lo face the present ordeal and to see civilization consistently in peace, a bright future undoubtedly will be ours — not only for our country but for the whole of humanity." In greeting the new year, the emperor reaffirmed the principles in the five clauses of Hie Japanese chartci— an oath which first was taken by his grandfather. Emperor Meiji, who ruled from JiJiil! to 1U12. The Mciji charier provides for a public voice in government, guarantees of justice, and sols wisdom and knowledge -as a goal lo promote the welfare of Japan. Tho emperor declared that by "keeping in close touch with Hie desires of the people wo will construct a new Japan lliorugh thoroughly being pacific." Merle Oberon at Hot Springs on Honeymoon Hot Springs, Jan. 1 —(/!')—Molion picture actress Merle Oberon and her cameraman-husband, Lucicn Truman,Byrnes Greet 1946 Aboard Yacht By LEE NICHOLS Washington, Jan. 1 —(UP)— President Truman and Secretary of Stale James F. Byrnes greeted the New Year aboard the presidentia yacht Williamsburg today with the hope, echoed by many congress men, that the new Moscow agree nicnl would prove a mile-stone or the difficult road to pcrmancn The outlook for Ihc new ycai was brighter than it had been foi many months. The Moscow agree mcnt seemed lo have eased Big Three lension in time lo get the firsl mccling of Ihc Uniled Nations assembly in London Jan. 10 off lo a good start. There also wen prospects for an early end of tin Chinese civil war. There were darker sides, patches indicated fighting going on still, however, United Press there was in China th' dis slil an I—Moons Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newsoooer Enterorlsa Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY De Gaulle Threatens to Resign Ballard, welcomed Year as guests at' a in the New Hot Springs hotel. Miss Oberon, (he former wife of British Director-Producer Alexander Korda, and Ballard were marred by proxy in New Mexico lasl June 27. BRINGING IT HOME Phoenix, Ari/.., Jan. 1 —(/I 1 )—For weeks Gov. Sidney P. Osborn's office has been cleluced to "do something" about the housing situation in Arizpna. The governor has been a renter iiimself for several years as Ari- /ona is one of the few states which docs not furnish an official residence for its chief executive. Today the governor announced he had joined the ranks of house hunters. His house had been sold out from uiider him iind the new bul two weeks in advance. Cpiitinued on Page Four Oele- Java, unrest in Ihe Holy Land anc starvation r".d disease hunting th continent' of Europe. Yet the great nations could fac the coining year with hope for con slructive cooperation in removin the traces of war and paving th way to a new Iiitcniatiohar orcler.' There vyas no word • from the yacht riding quiclly at anchor off the Marine base at Quantico, Va., no report on how the president and Byrnes were marking the beginning of Ihc first peacetime year since 1038. Probably the South Carolinian was telling the Missourian about his experiences in Moscow, how he fared wilh Foreign Commissar V. M. Mololov and his meetings with Russian Premier Josef Stalin — and the toast, they drank together to future .Russia - British - American friendship. Byrnes told reporters something about his Mowcow trip yesterday afternoon. He said Slalin was looking even belter than he did at Pols- dam and had slood up well under aflcr dinner toasts, the Russian test of endurance. He added with a twinkle that some people in this country might object to toasts but that they really weren't as bad as after-dinner speeches here at home. Byrnes- also gave the reporters a few bits of news — that neither Spain nor Turkey was discussed at Moscow, that Molotov is' tired and won't attend the UNO assembly meeting in London, Uial he (Brynosl will not make nubile a report on the Balkans ma'de for him by Special lOnvoy Mark Elhridge. Ho added thai henceforth he will hold two press conferences a week, on Tuesdays and Fridays, instead of one. Morn important, Byrnes explained that Gen. Douglas Mat-Arthur was not kept posted on Ihe Moscow discussions because policymaking was up to Hie president of the United States. He added that MaeArlliur's views had been asked and received in advance. He again emphasized that he was always conscious of the necessity of preserving MacArlhur's authority which he considers essential lo control of Japan. And he brought out the fact that Britain, in behalf of Australia, was more anxious for he new control set-up than was Russia. Byrnes said that both Mr. Truman and his predecessor in the Stale Department, Cordcll Hull, liad praised the results of the Moscow conference. The Stale .Department later made public Hull's letter to "My Dear Jim" which said, "understanding, confidence, friendliness and the whole spirit of international cooperation have been greatly improved by the work of this conference. Then Byrnes flew back to Wuan- tico to board the Williamsburg for his second report to the president on Ihc historic meeting and lo coining the new year. The president is cxjicctcd to return to Washington tomorrow. Congressmen showed a generally more sympathetic allilude to Ihc Moscow agreement following Byrnes' reasoned explanation on the radio of what was done at Moscow and why. Sen. Alexander Wiley, R., Wis., Paris, Jan. 1 —(/P)— President Do Gaulle threatened today to reign wilh his cabinet in protest gainst a Socialist-Communist at- empl in Ihc consultative assembly o slash national defense credits 0 percent. The actions plunged France into nother serious governmental risis. The Socialist parly, second most lumerous in the assembly, pro- )osed last night the cut of one fifth n the government's request for 25,000,000,000 francs ($1,040,450.188) for'the army in the first quar- cr of 1946. They found immediate support from the Communist narty argcst group in the assembly. The admendmcnt was offered dur ng an all-night session while the ussembly was voting the rogulat )Ufigol in which ordinary expense estimates were placed at 487,000, 000,000 francs ($4,092,436,000) and •eccipts estimated at 311,000,000, JOO francs ($3,013,445,383.) By morning Minister of Stall Vinccnl Auriol told Ihc assembly Gen. De Gaulle would "conside liis task- impossible" if the amend mcnl were voted. The Socialists then prescnlcd DC Gaulle a compromise calling for i Lcn percent reduction. DC Gaulle appeared before the assembly in tho afternoon and stated flatly "the government will resign" if the 20 percent reduction in defense credits were voted. He said the proposed 125,000,000,000 francs was needed for tho army during the first quarter of 1946 "for Ihe aclual change from a syslem of war lo a syslem of peace." He promised that before the three months period ends, the government-would present the legislature proposals for a reduction in army expenditures. Many Die in New Year's Celebrations By The Associated Press Violent dealhs throughout the country over the extended New Year's holiday totaled at least 318 today, wilh more than one half victims of traffic accidents. The death, toll from motor, accidents on strcels and highways, many of them ice-coated, was 161, while 146 persons suffered violeni a variety Steel Industry Looks to Truman for Aid in Postponing Strike Pearl Harbor Committee Taking ... including fires, explosions, drown- ings, shootings, slabbings, airplane crashes and falls. In New York State, which topped Ihe states in violent deaths -with 32, one fatality from alcoholism was reported. The National Safety Council, which estimated between 375 and 400 traffic deaths from Saturday through today, also predicted the heaviest single day's total would be on New Year's Day. Twelve stales reported no violent deaths since G p. m. lasl Friday. By JACK BELL Washington, Jan. 1 —(/I 1 )— The Pearl Harbor committee, taking a new year holiday, today studied a contention by LI. Gen. Waller C. Short that he would have had two precious hours to prepare for an attack il Washington had sent him quickly Ihe message lhat came too late. Short's statement, included in a transcript of teslimony he gave previously in three secret hearings, contradicted in sort"! respects infor- nalion given Ihc congressional in- ators by Adm. Harold R. Stark. Stark, former chief of naval op- rations, will be in the witness hair tomorrow for additional ques- ioning about his assertion yesterday that Adm. Husband E. Kimmel,, he 1941 Pearl Harbor command- !er, had plenty of warning to put nlo effect "all-out securily ineas- •res." When Ihe questioning of Stark is completed, William D. Mitchell, committee counsel, and Mitchell's staff intend to leave the scene. But the committee talked yesterday at a closed session to Seth W. Richardson, Washington attorney vho uomc members said they hope night take Mitchell's place. Chairman Barkley (D-Ky) said hat Richardson, 65 year old for- iior assistant attorney general under Mitchell, distinctly is not an ap- jlicanl for the post. Kichardson in 1933 was nominated by President ,-Ioovcr for the Eighth circuit court of appeals, but the scnale did nol act on the nomination. Short summed up his case this way: "I do nol see how I could beller lave carried oul what appeared to 30 the desires of the War Department; unless I was supposed to know more than the War Department about the danger of Japan- se attack and more than the Navy Department about -the loca- ,ion of the Japanese carriers. "To have taken more steps in preparation against a Japanese at Lack than I did would cei-' tainly have alarmed the civil population and cauased pub licity contrary to War Department By STERLING F. GREEN <•> Washington, Jan. 1 —(/P) — The steel industry looked to President Truman today for a now.nlea that the scheduled strike of 70U.OOO CIO steel workers two weeks hence be postponed while a new fact finding board explores Ihe dispute. A decision lo defer the walkout would keep the nation's basic industry running while the fact finding board, named last night, delves into 'the union's $2 daily_ wage increase demand and while OPA reconsiders Ihe industry's request for a price increase. Such a move would be in line with While House labor policy. When he announced a month ago that a fact-finding board would be set up, Mr. Truman requested that the industry and the steel workers Gen, Marshall Arbiter Role Chungking, Jan. 1 -rr(>P)—- Gen. George C. Marshall conferred for two hours today with Communist Gen. Chou en-Lai amid 'indications the American war leader would ac- owncr wants possession us possible." "as soon Osborn announced he was moving to a hotel until he can find another house. Francois Pilatre de Hozier was the first man to ascend in a balloon. He remained at a height of 80 feet for four and a half minutes in 1783. foreign ministers join him in wcl- By The Associated Press At least five persons lost their lives in accidents in Arkansas yesterday and last night, four of them in New Year Eve traffic mishaps. The dead: Sgt. John Mathis of Camp Robertson, Little Rock. Miss Floy Flake, North Little Rock. John Franklin Randle, 82, Jones boro. William F. Fisher, 28, Fort Smith. Sgl. M. Gordon Gilbeii, 23, Roers. An unidentified soldier attached :o the Army Air Base at Walnut Ridge. Mathis and Mrs. Flake were killed about midnight when an automobile in which they were riding with a North Little Rock .sailor ;md another woman crashed into a tree in North Little Rock. Handle, a candy peddler, diiid in a hospital a few hours a Her he was hit by an automobile while crossing a Jonesboro street. Fisher, who went to work yesterday as a student switchman tor the Missouri Pacific linos at Fort Smith, was killed a few hours later when he fell beneath the tcnd- of a locomotive. He was discharged from the Army December 17. The unidentified soldier was injured fatally about 1:30 a.m. Tuesday in a collision between an automobile and a parked truck on highway 67 a mile north of Walnut Ridge. Two youths riding in an aulomo- bile were injured Monday aflei noon four miles east nf Mpnelt when their car collided with a Lncchvillc school bus. No one in tho bus was hurl. Sgt. Gilbert was killed about 2 a.m. Tuesday when an automobile in which he was a passenger left the road on highway 71 between Bcntonville and Bella Vista. Gilbert was discharged from the Army Air Forces two weeks ago and went to work yesterday in the Advcrlising Donarlment of the Rogers Daily News. Max Elliott, 22, on furlough irom the Army H field at Tacoma, Wash., and Ray Bush of Rogers, a sailor on leave, were critically injured in the accident. OLDEST ODD FELLOW Aurora, 111., Dec. 2U — (/P)— Daniel A. Wedge says he always .intended to join the Odd Fellows a frequent critic of administration I Lodge but he never got around to foreign policy, said "it is a good omen that perhaps in the future we will carry on in trust and confidence in solving the international problems born of this year." Wiley added that "Byrnes went a long way in reassuring listeners that MacArlhur's statesmanship will still be in the dominant factor in Japan." Two or three congressmen still Continued on Page Four it. So yesterday officers of the fra tcrnal organization here went to Wedge's liomc and enrolled him as a social member. They said they believed Wedge who is 104, is the country's oldes lodge member. World production of petroleuir in 1946 is expected to reach 252, 000,000 gallons daily. encwed, Ebon Aycrs, White House iress aide, said he "had no infor- nation now." There were hints in ther government, quarters, how- 'ver, that it might be forthcoming. The United Slates Steel Corpora,ion, pace seller for the industry in :>ricc and wage policy, has declared that further wage discussions would be futile unless steel jrices are increased to offset past rises in labor and materials costs. In appointing the investigation joard — to inquire into the U. S. steel dispute — Mr. Truman al- owed it until Feb. 10 to report its 'hidings and recommendations for settlement. This would give the fact finders the benefit of OPA's by the presi- "whe'lher any price increases would be proper." Several weeks ago OPA held that a price increase was not justified then on the evidence submitted by steel makers. It agreed, however, .o review ils decision when and profits figures for the instructions. "I do not believe that I should pc found guilty even of an error of judgment because I did not have the vision to foresee that the War Department would not notify me of a crisis in 'Ihc least possible Lime and thai Ihc navy with it large fleet in Hawaiian waters would not be able lo carry out its mission of intercepting Japanese carriers, or at least delecting their presence in Hawaiian waters anc informing me of the fact." Short said that "when the Wai Department was notified that the Hawaiian department was alerted against sabotage, it did not indicate thai Ihe command should be alerted" otherwise although it liac 10 days to do so. Short testified that in a Nov. 27, 1941, conference with Kimmcl anc his staff, Short asked about the likelihood of a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The former army commandci said that Vice Admiral (then captain) Charles H. McMorris replied at there was n penance of such attack and Kimmcl did not challenge this estimate in any way Short said he was convinced by the .sequence of events that the War Department did not expec uny attack on Hawaii aiid tha General Marshall himself hold thi: view. Hi' said thai from November 27. when Washington sent warning messages, to Dec. (i, 1041, "llio navy made no request for army planes to participate in distant reconnaissance x x x and at no time was' anything said lo indicate that ihey feared "the possibility of an attack by the Japanese by air." Strikers at Stuttgart Back to Work Stuttgart, Jan. 1 —(/I 1 )— Approx niately 80 members of (lie !:iterna lioual Association of Machinists AFL, who have been on strike fron the Stuttgart plant of Fairbanks Morse and Company since Noveni her 14, will return lo work tomor row. Plant Manager W. II. Hoi bcrt said. A new contract to replace one which expired September 1 has been agreed to by the compan; and the union's Local 7(54, he said Its terms were not disclosed. YOUNG VET Carbondalc, 111., Jan, 1 —(/!') — Edward Le Hardin, who at 16 was a Pacific battle veteran, is back ii the army again. Now 17, Hardin, who wears the Bronze Star on his Philippine Lib cration Ribbon, rciilistcd in Ihc army — lliis lime with the consen of his parents. He was dischargee the first time because of his age. Well, He Almost Made It Helena, Mont., Jan. 1 —(/P)—The justice court wound up its busines for the year by fining a motoris $10 for driving without a 1945 li cense tag on his car. cept the role of peacemaker in China's turbulent internal affairs. 1]hc presidential' envoys' stapE declined to disclose the nature of stay oil the production job. Later, however, Ihc union set ne strike date for January 14 in i early 800 steel L iron ore and^lum- the discussionSi but it was believed ium plants. Questioned he slay-at,-work appeal would be decision, requested dent by Feb. 1 on final quarter of 1945 became available sometime after the new year. An OPA decision in favor of uglier price ceilings would re-open one avenue of settlement for the long-deadlocked dispute. So seriously do some officials regard the prospect of a nation-wide steel shutdown that many declared privately the government would have to seize the giant industry to prevent reconversion from grinding lo. a halt, , ,.:•..-':..-..>.,.•'- t. One memper 'of the* three-man steel panel," Nathan P. Feinsinger of Washington said the case looked "awfully tough" in view of the lack of precedenl in at least two respects: First, the industry's claim of inability to pay, an argument not raised in the oil industry or General Motors inquiries; and second, that while only the U. S, steel corporation is immediately involved, any wage setllcment would be industry-wide in effect, since all companies follow U. S. steel's lead. Feinsinger, a member of the expiring War Labor Board, and a law professor at the University of Wisconsin, said lie did not know when the board would hold ils firsl meeting. The other members ate Roger I. McDonough, associate justice of the Utah Supreme Court, and James M. Douglas, chief justice of the Missouri Supreme Court. Mr. Truman, who conducted official business by radio telephone from the presidential yacht, also appointed a new wage stabilization board lasl night in the Laboi Department to replace the four- he conversation covered a wide •ang.e — including particularly the Communists' proposal for an unconditional truce In the-fighting in -. North China and 'the central government's counter' proposal. Although the Communists previ- >usly had presented their side in. sroad outline to General Marshall, t was the first long talk between lie two. •..:•.The meeting was considered as signifying that the Communists'are not opposed to the idea of Marshall acting as mediator between them, and the central government. It was ndicated earlier by' a,, member of Marshall's staff that" he, would-ac-' cept the role of peacemaker. The spokesman said that the presidential envoy obviously could not announce his stand until' the Communists had replied to the government's peace proposals, but that it was a "pretty good assumption" that the centraf government had consulted the American war leader. ' . Under Generalissimo Chiang Kai- Shek's counter proposals,-each side would appoint a. representative to confer with General-Marshall on procedures for cessation -of hostilities and restoration of communications in strife-torn NorthlChina. The government called also : ior impartial observers lo see that such a truce is kept. Gen. Chou En-Lai, head of the Communist delegation to the .forthcoming peace and unity conference, and other Communist leaders in Chungking ' were :-v unavailable, for comment on the government's counter offer. It was'assumed that the proposal had .been/sent .to Yen- an, in Manchuria, for consideration by the party's central executive committee. General Marshall, at a state banquet last night, extended good wishes of President Truman, to the Chinese people and expressed hope that the two nations "will go hand in hand in a peaceful, prosperous world." : • . "We are on the eve of one of the most important years in human history," Marshall' declared in a New Year's toast at the banquet, which also honored the general's 65th birthday. "In this year, we will decide whether the people of this world will live in peace and harmony, or take another course that might lead to utter destruction." He added that the "essential ingredient" was the ability of all peoples of the earth to approach postwar problems in a spirit of understanding. "I've always felt .that such an year-old War Labor Board which understanding is desirable, Mar- passed out of existence at mid- shall said, "bul now it's essential. night. - Unlike its wartime predecessor, the new board will lack power lo enforce any dispute setllements. Ils principal work will be to pass upon voluntary wage increases which require government approval under the stabilization act. It also will appoint arbitrators if both parties in a labor dispute request it. Any disputes on which the WLB had iiot taken final action now will be returned to the parties for negotiated settlement, except for WLB panels which have been set up to adjust wage inequities within the steel, textile and meat-paek- in gindustrics. Six members of the old WLB board were named to make up the new stabilization board. They are \V. Willard Writz, chairman, and Sylvester Garrctt, vice chairman, public member;!; Robert ,1. Watt, of the AFL, and Carl J. Shipley, of the CIO, labor members; and R. Randall Irwin and Karl Cannon, industry members. TIDBIT Tacoma. Wash., Dec. 20 —•</!'>— Two-year-old Karon Brown's stomach and mouth yielded a myriad of colored glass fragments after .she had been rushed to a hospital. Her parents reported she'd eaten a'n electric light from her Christmas tree. Physicians later pronounced Karen out of danger. SOUVENIR Kansas City, Dec. 29 —(/I 1 )— Police Sgt. William Galvin has the watch back he lost while directing traffic in a snow-covered streel during President Truman's Christmas visit. •«* A woman found the timepiece after a car had ground il into the icy slush as Galvin cleared the way for a presidential procession. "H will make a fine keepsake," commented the sergeant. o The New York Navy Yard lias facilities for building ships up to 60,000 tons in size, although the largest battleship today is only 45,000 tons. On the index basis of 100 for 1920, the so-called "normal" year, operating costs of American automobiles had declined to 50, or half, by 1939. Appeal is Gran ted to Ark-La Go. DE WITT BANKER DIES Dewitt. Jan. 1 — tfPj— L. A. Black, 615. planter, and rice miller and president of the First National Bank of Dewilt, died at his home here yesterday. Survivors include his wife and three daughters. o EAGLE EYE Tracy. Minn,, Jan. 1 —(/P/—- Mrs. John Peterson, after a Diligent search, decided there wasn't a needle in her house, so she askd her husband if he had any ideas. Peterson didn't go to a haystack for a search. Instead he cut open an old pin cushion, dug out 12i needles. % i.'«~" ^w-r-p.„.,.,.,•? J '"• '••}".''• '. \ There is no middle ground. With this understanding, there, could be peace without disaster." Chiang lauded the American general in glowing terms, toasted the health of President Truman and expressed hopes for lasting cooperation among the United Nations, o— Little Rock, Jan. 1 — (ff) — The Ark-La Electric Company today obtained permission to appeal to the Arkansas Supreme Court from a Pulaski circuit court order sustaining classification of the company as a public utility and holding it subject to controls and regulations imposed upon other utilities in the slate. The appeal was granted by Circuit Judge Lawrence C. Auten. The circuit court order upheld a ruling by the old Arkansas Public Utilities Commission. Ark-La was organized in Louis, iana as a co-operative and during the war furnished power for the Jones Mill Aluminum plant near Hot Springs. Named as defendants in the appeal were the Utilities Commission, the Arkansas-Missouri Power Corporation, the Southwestern Gas and Electric Company, the Arkansas Power and Light Company and the Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company. ;;, i '<! ,

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