Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 23, 1946 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, December 23, 1946
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CASH JH 5 MJK4UTE5 Phone 784 A^KPr co, HAS LUMBER I : OI< SAL /our of 16" V/r^rJ <t/.SO tt C'»rfl V/F IM.I MUI OEU'/F.U A N«w MonHi Mean% Nev^ Expenses your in> «ip|»wi«*"J <t\ Mope Auto Co. and lit-mm iifi Iv il« lull vulue. You'll neud no co'(in) ii'i l«.i Mi h.m M. I .iily, IIOI'E AUTO CO. IIQI'l; HASKtT CO. Say Mi!! L«c;pl- Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn Home for Christmas Bur Ir'sSHII an Unsettled World Only a your.ago many Americans wore still in far places as the echoes of wur rolled away, and snug that nostalgic song, "I'll Bo Home for Christmas"— knowing they wouldn't. But the world is at homo this Christmas. Families are once more gathered around the fireside. Nations are drawn inward, each to its own. A year ago the futility of war was impressed on millions with first-hand experience. The desire fur home and. peace and security was fanned by the enchantment o£ thousands of miles that lay between lonesome men and their goal. But now that the world is finally at home what docs this Christmas mean in terms of future good will and pence throughout the world? Throughout all recorded history it has been the same unvarying story: Men have disregarded the leaching of Him whose birthday Ihc world observes Ihis Wednesday, have gone away lo fight, and whether victorious or defealcd have finally tired of it and returned home—only to forget and do it all over again. Twice within our own generation of Americans. The ancient world can be excused (prints Hope . v - '"i 'ASr •> WEATHER FOREC Arkansas: partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday; cool 4 er in north and west central por» tions tonight and Tuesday, 48TH YEAR: VOL. 48—NO. 60 Star of Hope, 1899; Pres"- 1927 Consolidated January IB. 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1946 1NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. ^P)—Means Associated Press PRICE 5c COPY 2 Killed, State OfficerWounded in Gun Duel Seek Man's Identity Texarkana, Dec. 23 (UP) — .Stale and county officers today were attempting to establish the identity of a while man, one of two killed in a gun duel near Fulton, Ark., north of here last night. The other dead man was identified as .leffro Daniels of Tcxar- kana, Tex., a 28-year-old Negro. The Iwo were killed, and Sgl. Max Tackctt of the Arkansas state police suffered a flesh wound in the hip as the pair resisted arrest. The white man carried two identification cards. One bore the name Cotton Recovers From Sharp Drop in October By KRIS KREEGER New Orleans, Dec. 23 M').— The southern cotton industry appears to have substantially recovered from the shock of October's $50-por-balc price break, and everyone from farmer lo broker cxpccls 1947 to bring a slowly but steadily rising market. , ,, , ,• , , .,• „ . four Garland county election con- Brokers quote some impressive, t cs t suits stemming from the July figures on supply and demand to stress the comparative soundness of today's market, and point to a drastic reduction in speculation since the October lumblc which auscd temporary closing of the najor exchanges. Many producers, particularly Election Suits Reinstated by High Court Little Rock, Dec. 23 —M 1 )— The of Virgil. Mountain Wood row Valley Jackson of Road. Hot Springs, the other thai of Frederick Hamilton Crousc of Emory, Miss. Officers snid today, however, that they did not believe cither card belonged to the dead man. They were of the opinion that he for letting tragedy roll across it in ceaseless tides. l*'or Ihe world that we call "ancient" was. as a great Englishman has -observed, actually very, young and untutored. It had only primitive means of recording its'very history, and practically none of its people; could read or write. For news of what other nations were thinking or saying or doing a people had to depend on what travelers chose lo tell them —as much or as little of the truth as might be. But ours is truly the ancient world, as the same Englishman pointed out. It is we who have the accumulated wisdom of the ages, with every modern means of transcribing and making permanent the scroll of events thai have gone be- fore.us, and with fast and accurate means of discovering what is going on abroad. Will wo be excused at the Judgment Seal for throwing all this away and sinking back into the error of barbaric days'.' What docs civilization mean if not the final.enforcement of the precepts that Christ gave nearly two thousand years ago for the guidance of men among their neighbors, and nations throughout the world, so human beings might learn to live in peace and security and happiness? * * -x By JAMES THRASHER Profitable Debate The UN General Assembly has been called, and rather contemptuously, a debating society, And though the tone may be unkind, the title is accurate. The Assembly has its own powers, to be sure, but essentially it is a large body created for discussion, in contrast lo Ihc Security Council, a compact group whose principle function is decision was an escaped convict. Finger- were taken and airmailed to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Washington. Sgt. J. H. Portcrfield of the state police s;nu the pair had stolen a truck at Tcxarkana and were driving north on Highway G7 when they were overtaken by Tackctt and Chief Deputy Sheriff Tillman Johnson. Officers searched the men, removing an ice pick from the Negro's pocket bill evidently missed a revolver which was carryin the white man On Ihc ride back lo Tcxarkana, Ihe while man pulled the gun on the officers and a free-for-all followed in which the Negro killed instantly. The white escaped but his body was found later in the woods. Capt. Alan R. Tcmpleton and LI Frank McGibbony of the state po lice headquarters in Little Rock went to Texarkana last night to help in the invcsligation. U.S. Reds Are Against More Training By LYLE C. WILSON Washington, Dec. 23 —(UP) — American..,,.,..Comrriunigts .... have and action. There is much to be said, however, for this function of debate, as a brief backward look at the recently concluded session in Flushing reveals. The Assembly gathcr- ' cd for this session in an atmosphere of considerable tension and unpleasantness. Eight weeks some 20,000,000 words later, and its urge planters, are reported still lolding onto unsold cotton in ex- eclalion of higher prices, o- test suits stemming from Ihe July 30 Democratic primaries were ordered reinstated by the Arkansas Supreme Court today for trial in circuit court at Hot Springs. The court declared that "the Democratic nomination is a valuable Ihing" in Arkansas and held lhat the facl the contestants had been elected at the general election lo the offices they sought in the primaries did not lessen the Council Votes Pay Hikes to City Employes In an extra session Saturday afternoon the Hope Cily Council volcd pay raises lo cily employes, effec- livc January 1, 1947. This terminated a move started some time ago .0 raise wages. Stamp 53, Good for 5 Pounds of Sugar January 1 Washington, Dec. 23 —(/P)— OPA said today spare stamp No. 53 will be good for five pounds of sugar beginning January 1 and added an additional ration mat become available within four months. "It is anticipated," the agency said, "that the second consumer stamp for 1947 will be validated before spare stamp 53 expires" April 30. OPA poinlcd to Agriculture Department eslimatcs that the new sugar crop may be sufficiently large to allow an additional five pounds of sugar a person in 1947. This would make a total of 20 pounds on regular ration stamps. As for the canning sugar outlook for next year, an OPA official declared that "if the supply situation nc tnc COnlenti ° nS The contests were dismissed in Garland circuit court by Judge Lawrence Auten, Little Rock, who was sitting on exchange on the grounds that the person who witnessed the affidavils supporting the contest was not a qualified notary public. On the only two points raised in the appeal, the court declared thai the case was not moot — deler- mincd by events subsequent to the cause for action — and thai Frank Carpenter, the notary, was a de factor public officer whose actions as a notary were acceptable. all city employes. The police department received the biggest hike which amounts lo an addilional $15 per month per man. Anderson defeated I. G. Brown for the sheriff's nomination; incumbent Elxa T. Housley defeated Q. By rum Hurst for county judge; Street Department and other cily i incumbcnl John E. Jones defeated employes, will receive $10 per Leonard R. Ellis for circuit clerk. month more and 23 members of Ihc water and light plant force also will get $10 per month more. In all approximately 80 city workers in all departments will receive pay boosts which amounts to around $800 monthly. Hope Cotton Bowl Special Is Definite Plans have been completed f9r the Hope Special Train which will carry local fans to Dallas New Years Day for the Arkansas-LSU football game. There will be no stops cnroute program based on the charge thai United Slales military prepo-nlions since V-J Day have scared the rest of the world half lo dealh. to pick passengers. The train is strictly for fans of this section and pullman and will alford dining car facilities, launched a 'campaign apain'st'HKe'^W' sellout is expected within a administration's universal training few clays and reservation can be jys made by contacting Talbot Fcild, Jr. The special will leave Hope at 7 a.m. New Years Day and arrive in the Cotton Bowl Stadium ap- Thc Communist stroy i? that proximalely an hour before the American Army and Navy brass kickoff. Passengers can leave their is hell benl for battle right away, or anyway soon. The Army and Navy story is that our national defense forces were pretty nearly wrecked by the hurry-up demobilization which began when the Japanese quit. Events and reports of civilians baggage on the irain as porters will be on duty in each of the ten cars. Following the game everybody will get a chance to "see the town" as the train won't leave until 3 a.m., arriving back in Hope about 9 a.m. January 2. The special train is only a con- delegates departed for their homes in the four corners of what was certainly a loss apprehensive world. What did the delegates accomplish with their 20,000,000 words (not counting translations)? They volcd for an arms reduction and atomic energy control plan with no veto power for anyone. They recommended that each UN government, withdraw its chief envoy from Spain. They set up a Trusteeship Council. The delegates also formed the International Refugee Organizaloin and decided that relief should now be left to individual countries, with a UN Commission reporting on needs. They defined genocide (the extermination of racial groups) as an international crime, and condemned racial and religious discrimination. More practically, they admitted Sweden, Iceland, Afghanistan and Siam to their midst agreed upon a budget, and decided on a permanent site for the UN's home. There isn'l a greal deal of concrete accomplishment in the eight weeks' work. But the General Assembly's efforts do indicate Ihc drift of world opinion upon some of Ihc vital mailers affecting world survival. And the drift seems lo be in the right direction. At least, Ihe Assembly has come out against some formerly accepted abominations, and has shown itself representative of governments and peo pics which are not without compassion. There was plenty of bickering and bitterness during the Assembly's session. But there was also the spectacle of Russia's Mr. Molotov making the tremendously heartening announcement that his govern ment would not insist on a veto control of decisions on alornic power control. Perhaps the important thing is Continued on Page Two who have inspccled our mililary j linualion of a scries of trips by situation at home and abroad sup-j Razorback fans this season. Local boosters several limes this year chartered airliners to take them to Porker games. Enthusiasm has been high here ever since the na- lion's "third coach of the year", John Barnhill, took over at the University. port the latlcr viewpoint, except for the very basic fact that the United Stales possesses -the atomic bomb. There will be national discussion of President Truman's universal training program. In that discussion the Communists will be jniquo on two counts. First -heirs s the only political parly in the country which is unanimous on the subject. Communists are unanimously against universal training. And, second, they arc against it Because the Communist parly line ncludes the significant point that party liners shall do their utmost LO make the United Stales as weak ns possible. As weak as before Pearl Harbor, for insUn'cc. Opposition to such training is, actually, a comparatively obscure part of the Communist parly line. The line ilself was sel out point point over the weekend in the Communist Sunday worker, a newspaper published in New York City where the party has achieved its strongest political position and is able to elecl candidales lo both municipal and national office The Sunday Worker reported a parly line of "immediate" action as laid down by Eugene Dennis, general secretary ol the Communist party. Mosl of the Dennis program, especially those paragraphs relating to wages, laxes, housing, labor, veterans, social security, health and agriculture, is a combination of generally acceptable objectives and Communist gimmicks. The program of any well run and patriotic labor union would contain much of the material Dennis presents under those headings. The less-adulterated Communist party line begins to appear when Dennis reaches public ownership. He would have the government lake over control of the food in dustry, especially meat and diary processors, and seize railways, mines, gas, electricity, water gas and other such installations and industries. These. Dennis explained, would be operated under democratic controls. Point No. 11 in the parly line proposes Ihe criminal prosecution Shopping of the major steel, chemicals, i'uel, j!oud, and transport corporation^ anc their munagemcnts on yencra charges of wartime profiteering. Point. No. 12 proposes universal and immediate disarmament, reduction of American national defense expenditures to pre-war levels and prohibition of the manufacture and stockpiling of Ihe atomic bomb. Dennis also would have the governmeni seize the "armaments industry," although he did not do- fine il. Point No. 13 on foreign policy demands withdrawal of American Military Training Hit by Senator Washington, Dec. 23 —(/I 1 )—Senator Kdwin C. Johnson (D-Colo) today termed universal military (raining a "proposal to delegate the spiritual and moral training of American youths to the 'brass hats.' " In a leltcr lo Dr. Karl T. Comp- lon, chairman of President Truman's newly created advisory commission on universal training, the Coloradoan. A member of the Senile mililary commiltec, declared: "Such an un-American innoya- ion would substilule sex training and guzzling for spiritual training, md moral stagnation fcr the development of a healthy, wholesome, self-reliant and energetic morale." Johnson told Compton lhal Con- jress "is almosl equally divided on Ihe advisability of military con- scriplion," adding thai the commissions' report "might tip Ihe scales." Mr. Truman, addressing Ihe ftrsl meeting of the Compton group last week, stressed that "the military phase is incidental" to what he has in mind. "I want thai word 'military 1 left out," the chief executive asserted. But Johnson, addressing his lel- ler to Compton as "chairman, viv- ilian advisory commission on universal military training, wrote,: "Out of one side of our mouths we talk of world disarmament, and out of the other we start a world armament race! "Russia is nol going lo be de- munilkms, ccived by our juvenile strategy in automotive dropping the term 'military' from •universal training.' "Latin America will notice that we have substituted shotgun diplomacy for our vaunted good ncigh- and incumbent Earl Wilt defeated Blyde H. Brown for circuit judge. The two Browns, Hurst and Ellis were members of an ex-scrvice- nen's faction opposing Ihe organ- zation supported by Hot Springs' Mayor Leo P. McLaughlin. In the general election, the contestants— who previously had brought the court actions — defeated the McLaughlin supported candidates. "Obtaining the office in the general election Ts one thing; but pb- .aining the Dcmocralic nomination in the primary is quite another," the court said in its opinion by Associate Justice Ed F. McFaddin. "In the general eleclion of 1948 some of Ihese appellants might be qucslioned as to their party loyali- ty — if the appellees are left to be the Democralic nominees x x. 'In Arkansas the right to the Democratic party nomination is valuable thing; and even if the appellants won in the general elec tion, still they, have the continuing right to trial to determine whethei they are entitled to the De.mocra "tic -hdYfilhmrori; -thus^ to 'establish tneir party rights, x x x "Frank Carpenter did not have a poll tax receipt which allowed him lo vote in any election in 1946 prioi lo Oct. 1st. It is this failure to have a then current poll tax receipt tha caused the circuit court to holt that Carpenter was not a notar. public either de jure or de facto The court cited eight cases in which it previously had ruled 01 what constituted a defacto officer and declared: "Under these definitions Franl Carpenter was certainly a defacli notary public when he swore th affiants in the case here involved XXX "So, in the case at btir, the gov crnor was clothed with the powe to appoint a notary public in Gai land county (in June 1946), and h appointed Frank Carpenter, wh was commissioned and filed th bond and obtained a seal and use Continued on Page Two as good as expected, be at least 10 pounds per i person and possibly more." . o Retail Prices Hit Ail-Time High in U.S. Washington, Dec. 23 —(/P)—.Retail ood prices in mid-Nov-embci cached the highesl poinl on rec- rd, 1.5 percenl above the peak it in June, 1929,. after World Wai the Bureau of Labor Slalislics cportcd today. An advance of 4.3 percent be ween mid-October and mid-Nov mbcr boosted the agency's rctai ood price index to 187.7 percen f the 1935-39 average—-35 percen igher than a year ago. On the average, BLS said, fooc jrices in November were twice as igh as in August, 1939. The index ad risen steadily for nine months gaining 29 percent since mid-Jue The report was based on a survej -I 56 large cities. A preliminar; check on 12 major cities indicated BLS said, that food prices woulc decline slightly .this month. Sharpest rises during the mont ending Nov. 15 were reported fo r ats and oils, meats except poultry and fruits and vegetables. Prices of fats and oils as a grou. advanced 6 percent between Oc .5 and Nov. 15, verc lifted and as price control scarcities conlin ued. During Ihe month, lard jumpe more than 100 percent. In mid No vember, lard cost about 53 ccnl per pound on the average as com pared with 19 cents in June and 1 cents in August, 1939, BLS re ported. Meat prices on Nov. 15, excluc ing" poultry-, and : fish,.-were' nin 'percent above those ofmid-Augiis prior to the rcsoration of price con tr.ols. Pork prices rose more than 13 per cent over mid-August and consumers paid about 20 percent more—or an average of 76 cents per pound—for sliced bacon. As supplies of meat rose during the month ending Nov. 15, poultry prices dropped 16 percent, a greater than seasonal decline. U.S. Chamber to Fight Drive for 'Portal Pay' By HAROLD W. WARD The this year the Supreme a case involving 1,200 Washington, Dec. 23 —(/P)- nited States Chamber of Com ncrce disclosed plans today to larshal its 2,000 member organ- ations behind a drive in Congress relieve employers from possible porlal-to-portal" pay liabilities ating back to 1938. Spurred • by the snow-balling laims of workers in mass produc- on industries for pay—at twice ormal overtime rates—for travel nd other non-production time not itherto paid for, the chamber will ubmit a referendum Friday to its ntire membership. These members in turn will poll ome 30,000 companies on a series f proposed amendments to the air labor standards act of 1938. It is this act which makes the iack-pay suits possible. It eslab- ished a 44-hour week for the first a 42-hour week in the second r'ear, then a 40-hour week after 940 for employes engaged in producing goods' for interstate commerce. Earlier lourt—in _ IIO United Pottery workers at Ml. Clemens, Mich.—held that em- ployes arc entitled to pay ipr time spent preparing for their jobs on company property. (This became known as the por- .al-to-portal decision, because of .he contract arrangement John L. Lewis won for his coal miners, covering pay for time spent in traveling from the pit mouths to the scene of actual digging operations.) In the Ml. Clemens case, the court ruled that the Pottery workers had been putting in more than 40 hours a week since 1940 and hence had extra time coming to them at overtime rates. Under the law these automatically are doubled when the employe has to go to court to collect. The amendments to the fail- labor standards act which the chamber of commerce hopes to present to Congress with the 'overwhelming support of American business would: 1. Limit to some period, less than eight years, the time during which employers could be held liable retroactively. ... 2. Define clearly what occupa- ations are in Interstate Commerce and thus covered by .the act. v - .. 3. Validate ' compromise " settlements with groups of workers for back pay under the decision. Both the chamber and the National Association of Manufacturers want specific legal standing for possible settlements with "nions representing their employes . because at present all claims are on an individual basis, even though they are lumped together for purposes of court actions. Following up with 6 lo 2 Supreme Court decision in the Ml. Clemens case, unions have filed claims for upwards of $450,000,000 in behalf of employes thus far. And the end is far from in sight. Some estimates say a total of $6,000,000,000 may be Yuletide Program Held at Hospital at Hot Springs Hot Springs, Dec. 23 —(/P)— A colorful yuletlde program, depicting the nativity in song and story, will be held for the 18th ; consecutive year in Hot Springs Christmas Eve. The program will open on Hot Springs Mountain, 1 overlooking the resort city, when carolers will assemble. DresScd in- while robes and carrying lighled candles, they will descend the mountain by two winding paths lo a hu| in a natural ampT>i\ ;e platform icatre be- Red Ultimatum Causes U.S. Ship to Leave Dairen By WILLIAM H'. NEWTON low A program of nine selections will be sung and three tableaux dcpict- ng the nativity scene will be per- senled. Bell solos and a large il- .uminated "star of the East" will aighlight the spectacle. ' Death Toll in Jap Quake Hits 2,206 Tokyo, Dec. 23 — (IP)— A new official toll of 2,206 dead, missing and injured in Saturday's devastating earthquake and tidal waves was "reported today by the Japanese home ministry as relief-crews reached previously isolated areas of Shikoku island and Wakayarna- peninsula. The home ministry listed 1,026 dead, 145 as missing and 1,035 injured, and reported that well over 100,000 persons were made homeless in one of the world's worst natural disasters. Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger, commander of the U. S. Eighth Army, announced meanwhile that no American personnel had been killed or injured. Less than 100 Sorlpps Koward Staff Writer For the Combined World Press (Distributed by United Press) , Dairen, Dec. 20 — (Delayed) — A United States Navy .ship pulled out of the port of Dairen this -afternoon after receiving a \verbal ul-t timatum •from 'Russian military of- ' ficials to . the effect that "unless you leave Within 20 minutes we Will not be responsible for the consequences." Previously, the Russian military r commander in charge of the city had refused to permit an American "businessman ; with full clearance from U.. S. authorities >o debark from the ship. , Also denied permission to land were two American newspapermen representing the .combined 'world press. •The ' vessel,. LC-3 1090, was on a second routine, courier mission to- 1 Dairen carrying diplomatic,.^ mail and supplies to,-the U. S.: cons,u- A< late there. In view of,the fact that ,» the details of the .first trip had, been revealed to the press, two , correspondents were permitted to take passage on this itripib" Ad- t miral • Charles-M. .Cppkei, 1 'Jr., com- „ mandef of the Seventh Fleet, in.' order to be present in event their l going ashOre would meet with the * approval of local authorities. Ad- ', miral Cooke had ruled that no photographs could be made with- out the consent of the local offi- - cials. The ship arrived at Dairen Dec. i j8, and requested permission to remain in port for 48 hours. This was accepted without comment by Yanks in the Wakayama peninsula he Soviet authorities who met the Dollars Reach Destination Warsaw—(AP)—The newspaper Dziennik Ludowy says "dollars will flow into Poland' II explained that American currency sent from Poles in Amcri- . ... ca to relatives in this country no sought from employers under the longer is removed from lellers and court's interpretation of . working that correspondence lo and from the United Slales is not censored. The journal said the ministry of posts and telegraphs had declared that letlers are delivered to addresses with full contents. Chemical company of ime. The Dow Midland, Mich., already has come o terms with members of Lewis's district 50, AFL - United Mine Its All a Game to Keep the Wives Occupied While the Husband Is Losing His Shirt Workers, with $4,056,000. climbed rotating By HAL BOYLE Across the River from Cincinnati, Dec. 23 — </P) —The litlle old lady in Ihe black hal sal alone at the table. She seemed out of place in this climlit "night club" that would have confused immeasurably one of the picturesque gamblers who "cut the kyards" on the old river steamers. For in those halcyon days gambling svas strictly a man's diversion. But Ihc new illegal gambling emporiums clustered in northern Kentucky have cozy attractions designed to take dollars from every member of the family strong j __ _ .__._ .... enough to work^ a slot machine i on ly one number to make, when bought a board. This was what she had been waiting for, the game Ihc owners thought up to pacify the wives. A tall pleasant-voiced young man to the stage and began a wire cage and calling out the numbered markers as they came out. The faded checks of the little old lady crimsoned as she earnestly covered the numbers on her board. Several $25 prizes were won by others. Near the close of number-calling for Ihc 1300 prize, she was close to winning. She became excited. Her black hat slid to one of her white hair. She had lever. Women with walking ehil dren are welcome. Here money-happy people from four stales — Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois — gather to gamble or\sin to their heart's desire. They have created a multi-million dollar "easy money" market for. shrewd mobsters froiia Detroit, Chicago and Kansas City • — neat, polite, hard-eyed men with silk someone yelled "Bingo!" The old lady sighed in disap pointment. But she had had a good time. She sipped a litlle water, got up and went oul to collect her husband, her sweet old face smiling with the memory of the money she had almosl won. Armored in her a settlement of Lewis struck in 1943 over portal- lo-porlal pay for the coal miners and won. Later, the legality of pay area — center of tne quaKe zone— will not be evacuated immediately, army headquarters said, because they are in no danger and "have a job to do there." Food and fresh water was dropped by air to the American garrisons. American Army pilots who flew over Shikoku said the Kochi area appeared to be the worst damaged —considerably harder hit than Wakayama peninsula of southern Honshu, .which'also was battered by the six tidal waves. Landslides blocked Shikoku island rail lines. The British command .at Kure also reported three landslides near Okayama, on Honshu, had blocked the main railway from Kure to Tokyo, but said the route would be restored this .afternoon. • .•'. ........ ,Jecp convoys and crash boat expeditions were swiftly restoring contact with isolated American outposts on Wakayama peninsula. De spite Japanese reports of widespread destruction Associated Press Correspondent Tom Lambert was able to see extensive damage in that sector when he flew over it at a low altitude yesterday. Japan's home ministry said peace and order are being maintained in all stricken districts from which relief missions have been able to report. Eighty Japanese doctors went by boat to Wakayama and othor dis- Iricls. The home ministry also went 400,000 one-meal ratic" units varying from hardtack to pre. served seafood and . canned goods American military governmeni units also were rushing the distri bution of clolhing and foods, mos of which had been detained irom former Japanese military stocks for just such an emergency. Amer ican Red Cross observers were in the field, but its officials said th Red Cross has not yet begun dis [or underground travel time was upheld by the Supreme Court in tnc Jewell Ridge Coal tcst case. company Last June, the high court ruled that the Ml. Clemens workers were entitled to pay for 28 minutes daily spent punching a time clock, and preparing for work. Under the doubling provisions of the law this amounted to time and one half for 56 minutes a day. Il is under Ihc interpretation that Lewis' chemical workers sought huge sums from DuPont, Dow and other firms with district 50 contracts. Similar suits now have! been taken up by the big CIO unions in the mass production industries. The steel-workers, headed by CIO President Philip Murray, have slarled suil in Pills- burgh for $120,000,000 against Acar- ncgic-Illinois and National Tube companies. Federal Judge Frank A. Picard of Michigan, whose original decision in the Ml. Clemens case touched off the round of claims, expressed amazement yesterday al Ihe length to which il had gone. He told a reporter thai inslead of any porlal-to-portal issue the only question involved was one of overtime for the pottery workers. His tributing relief. The Japanese government estab lishcd a special bureau to coordi natc all relief work, and govern ment investigators already hav been sent to isolated districts. nlho oreo decl.lon. reversed by the Court of was upheld by the Su- other wives in the room were nolh-i , - . ulllcl , T , vv . a „, VIlt luull , >vtll; ,, ul ..- , _ ,,„.„.* voices and silk neckties who have ling more but "come-on girls" for]* ° coul1 lurncd .a slate and local crime into a' big business operations. Their "night clubs" and "country clubs" serve good high-priced meals, they have top floor shows and dance bands to entertain Ihe guests, long well-stocked bars, and batteries of nickel-to-fifty-cent slot machines. And in a room off the bar dice games, roulette, and blackjack run wide open. The chips go up to ten bucks. The husband of the little old lady in the black hat was in this main the management. "The house probably doesn't make a penny off the bingo," a Cincinnati friend told me, "but it keeps the ladies occupied while their husbands are belling their shirts off in the other room." He suid the suckers got an even Reds Attacking in China War, Paper Reports Pieping, Dec. 23 —(/Pi— Commu- Cotton States Baseball Loop Reorganized Greenville, Miss., Dec. 23 -—(A')— Idle since 1941 when il folded be cause of Ihc war, the Cotto Stales League was tentatively re organized here yesterday as a si club loop with three Mississipi and three Arkansas members. Mississippi teams arc Clarks dale, Greenville and Greenwooc Those from Arkansas are El Doi ado, Hot Springs and Helena. The learn representatives are l meet again in January, probably at Hot Springs, to elect president and to make further plans for next season's operalions. Judge Emmctt Harty, president of the loop when il folded, has announced he will not accept the presidency again. The tentative six-club reorganization is lo become permanent if approved by baseball fans and backers in Greenville and Helena. Representatives from those cities said they strongly favored an eight-club loop but would accept a six-club circuit if it is approved at mass meetings of baseball enthus- hip at Anchorage. The ship remained in the harbor two addition- i 1 hours while U.S. .Consul Gen-'' ral H. Merrill Benninghpff at- empted a last minute appeal to he Soviet military authorilies to ermit an American businessman, esse L. Poole, Atlanta, Ga., rep- - esenting the Standard'Vacuum Oil ' o., to go ashore. It was at this oint that the Soviet ultimatum /as delivered. , '.-' ;, The Soviets ordered the ship to eave. despite the .fact that neither r ic diplomatic coilrier nor the ommanding officer of the- ship' vere aboard. They : were at the v Vmerican consulate awaiting re- ! ults of Consul General /Benning- offs iinal appeal: to. : the: Soviet •'•« commander. They arrived on."", oard only at the-.very moment of^ he ship's departure.'-''-:' • ' T> The Russian mililary :command- >r of Ihe cily, Maj. Gen. V. U. Kor- hanoff,. refused to see the Amer- can .consul general, however, and' he ultimatum was delivered to he ship by one of his military aides. When the consul called at the oviet commander's home to ap- ieal from the decision banning the hree Americans frpm Dairen, he was left standing in the bitterly cold street while a sentry carried u's request inside. After some time, ic was told that General Korzhaiir off was not available. Mr. Benninghoff had previously called on the Russian consul gen- ,f oral ,S. N. Petrov, to inquire why J American citizens were hot allowed | ashore. Mr. Petrov replied that the J whole matter was in the hands: of i Soviel mililary aulhorities. He said | authorization for such entries'must | come from Moscow. The refusal J today was the third rebuff the | American consul general had re- { ceived from the Soviet military during the American ship's brief visit, ...:,:.-. Previously, Mr. Benninghoff had asked Soviet diplomatic authorities to forward his request that, the three Americans' be permitted ashore to the military authorities; No reply was received. Earlier today, Mr. Benninghoff visited General Kprzhanoff's office but was informed the Soviet, commander was "not .in town." He then called at-the-Russian commander's home and was again' turned away. However, the Russian command? er was in his home when Mr. Benninghoff called, it was learned. Dairen is completely under the' control of the Red Army. The local Soviet-appointed Chinese mayor is t a fieurehead. whn was lint nvpn » a figurehead, who was not even advised by the Soviets that the iasts lo be held this week. break only twice a year —"during Inist guerrillas were reported in the! Jake Stein, chairman of grand jury week." Gambling takes a holiday while the grand jury is in session, he snid. l We paused lo talk to the head waller. "Nighl club business may be bor policy." Johnson took issue with the I'big money" room. But ihe falling off in New York and Chi- president on another score. Mr. thoughtful management of this de-|eago," he said, "but we got all Truman told the commission he partment store - gambling den the customers we can handle." wants it to draft a plan lo prevent | wasn't neglecting her. No. her turn | As we lefl I noticed one man, this country from going Ihc way of | was coming. the official government newsaaper I Greenville Citizens Baseball Coin- growing concerns, and while they .never understood. troops from China and 1he Philip-j survive, talk of this republic's de-1 When the lights came up, how pines and a diplomatic and economic break with Franco Spain. cline is vicious nonsense. Fat and i over, men passed through the room lazy people do not support schools |.selling bingo boards. Her eyes, pulled a dollar 11 seeks withholding of economic and churches and these related ae-i lighted up. She Continued on Pa^e Two Itivilies." jfrom her small black purse and dimes!" called the manly liltle fellow. Sure beats those old-fashioned piggy banks that never give a guy a bonus, eh keed? And folks used to complain about the river boats! Chich Shin Jih Pao today to be attacking the Menloukou coal .•nines, 15 miles west of Peiping, a main source of coal for this anc- 'cnt capital. Government troops succeeded at '.he same lime in halting a Communist offensive against the jm- uortanl Peiping-Tientsin railroad, out the threat of guerrila attacks were reported en- 12 miles southeast some massed about ;5 miles to the southwest. Government reports said 7,000 Commu- -lists from central Hopei province ,-iad been brought up to bolster,.. r mils southeast of this great walled j is "unable 10 e'ntei'bcc'uiise oSTfack mitlee, called a meeting of Green ville diamond devotees for next Thursday night. The league declared the franchise of Pine Bluff, Ark. .forfeited when Carltoii Curric, chairman of the Junior Chamber of Commerce Baseball Commitlee. wired that Pine Bluff would enter the league only when seven other clubs had posted or were ready to post $1500 bonds. Waller Morris, president of the Evangeline League and organizer for the National Association of Minor League Baseball, reported that Monroe, La., once considered a potential member of the league iiuvibeu uy me ooviets vnac ine j American ship had arrived "Had I I known you were coming I would ' have been at the dock to greet ' you," he said, ' 1 i Armed Chinese police, under So- 4 viet direction and control, paced j Ihe docks day and night, prevent-' ing anyone from coming aboard '< or going ashore unless they pos- ' scssed a Soviet pass. Several of i ,hc ship's officers and Diplomatic ,' Courier Harris H. Ball, Amarillo, , Tex,, were permitted ashore by thq- ( authorities. i The Soviet ultimatum lo leave 1 ;he port was delivered to the ship , jy a Red Army major who stated i he was the personal representative ] of General Korzhanoff. Ensign Tilh- man B. Koons, of Plainficld, N .Y,, ' who speaks Russian, interpreted ' for the senior navy officer on ! board, Commander Edgar L. Yates, Portland, Ore. The captain of xhe ' ship is Lt. (JG) Ray C. White, SU- 1 ver City. N. M. The LC-3 1090 carried a crew of 26 enlisted men and :'ive officers. All of the ship's armament was removed before the trip to Dairen; of adequate playing facilities. STARS FAIL TO WARN Baltimore — (/Pj— A woman bookmaker, nabbed in a vice rsicjf , on her apartment, was unwilling toe credit police for her mistoriuuu, ai-l tributing it instead to extreme as- 1 trological negligence. ' ' . t Lt. Alexander Emerson, leader of the vice unit, testified in police court thai he seized lottery and] race be sheets in her apartment,] plus a book on astrology. J Whereupon, according to his test-ll imony, the woman told him gloom- fa ily: "If I had read that book today, m l d have known you were coming I and you wouldn't have caught me,'' I

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