Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa on August 4, 1932 · Page 4
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Kossuth County Advance from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Thursday, August 4, 1932
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hi mi. _ AS SECOND CLASS December 81, 1908, at the * JtoHoffite at Algona, Iowa, under the "" *f March 2, 18T9. XBITOR 8PERBKCK AND THE SALES TAX ISSUE OB this page we quote, an editorial H. S. Sperbcck, of the Swea City , on >the sales tax. Mr. Sper- says that sales taxes would be •desirable for the reason that they inuM make the common man tax •conscious, which, In turn, would imke him keep after tax-levying Advance'* Mdr>.^FtMit time they of worth m After convertibility n 1868, they sank, rapidly, aha* at one time It took more'than $2 1m greenbacks to buy a dollar in gold, they rose eJowly after the wdr, and the average price of A greenback dollar in 1869 was '72.70 in gold. The 1 1500 in greenbacks which the bank leld was therefore , •\yorth only !363j50 in gold When ' the package was set away in the bank's reserves* The greenbacks remained below par "Editor Sperbeck, usually clear- Steaded. has, wo think, not thought •ftm sales tax out, or else he is con- the different kinds of sales To begin with, it le not easy to imagine how the common man could "be more tax conscious than he is al- •arekdy. Nothing has been more agl- t«t«d in. Iowa during. the last three .3PMUTS than the tax question. Governor Turner was elected on the tax issue. " •,'•••• . • •• : "White Governor Turner ^waacam- a* joint 'committee' was an exhaustive. study of the ".taut situation, and among other H recommended the state in- tax. The last legislature'ap- -peinted another committee to study CHMNUIS of tax reduction, and this ^committee has been exceedingly ac- 'tfre, »s Mr. Sperbeck must know -feora the numerous releases which at »ends to the newspapers. In addition, in many, if not most Bounties, there are active tax-reduction organizations. •TTben, again, who is the "common *nan" in a county -like Kossuth, in •H rural Iowa: in fact? Is he not a 3M«ne owner of e»me kind, or does !b« hot already pay taxes? Mr. Sper- 3>eck seems to be thinking of a class "which is not tax conscious because it -pays no taxes at all, but that class is -hot sufficiently preponderant in Iowa to warrant the idea that there 5s little or no tax consciousness in •fhe commonalty. •So we are already tax conscious, anuch too much so, and the sales tax .is not needed to make us more so. 3?ut Mr. Sperbeck is also off the "tr-acTc in another respect. Evidently 3ie is thinking of the selective sales -•tax system, like the gas tax, the -dgaret-tax,.etc. But that kind of .sales tax is not 'the issue in Iowa at "this time; the issue is the gross in-come, general sales, or turnover tax, call it what you will, and that kind ••of tax makes nobody tax conscious, (because it is 'the very concealed tax •against which Mr. Sperbeck inveighs and which few recognize. though the less able have to curtail ttieir standard of living to allow for 3t just the same. In this kind of tax there is no af- cfixed stamp, no price table (as at sas stations), to advise the* public *hat a. tax is being collected. The business man ie compelled to keep arack of sales, and every so often, •usually once a year, he reports his -STOSS and pays the tax at a stipulated percentage. In turn he adds enough to ihis price to meet it, and -usually he adds a little "velvet" be»sides, to be sure he g-ets enough. .Ami everybody down the line does *te same, with the result that- the ultimate consumer, as a rule, pays =th« tax several times over—and he •<cennot pass it on. The final customer in this kind of taxation seldom knows that he is Oxiying a tax, and therefore, as Mr. ajperbeck can plainly see. it cannot intake him "tax conscious." T>n rereading the foregoing and 3Br. SpWbeck's remarks, it occurs to • us,that he has perhaps not under•stood what the Advance has been *u-nring at as regards sales taxation. -Although all forms of sales taxes BT« unfair, the Advance stands ready to yield to demonstrated necessity as regards selective taxes =»aainly labeled as such eo they can •be ; recognized by the public. It is the same kind of hidden tax that :TMr. Sperbeck condemns that we •also condemn, but we are not sure Uiat Mr. Sperbeck recognizes the so-called gross income tax as pre- •eisely that kind. * . HAVE YOU A GBEENBACK IN YOUR POCKET I In another column appears a let ter. from Lakota submitting certain questions growing out of a new- «tory In the Advance of two weeks ••ago concerning the oldtime greenbacks held by the Kossuth County .State bank when it. closed. Apparently the writer of the letter thought politics was involved in -what was said. If so, he was mis taken. There was no thought o. the political bearing of anything in "the story. The money question is highly technical, difficult to understand *ard to explain. People who hold •cocksure opinions about it are usually badly informed. This writer has studied it enough to know that he i* far from an expert; he /agree: ' merely to do the best he can to ans wex the questions, relying at every ctep on the authorities. Our correspondent begins by ask*W what is fiat money. He will find « defined in Webster's. Fiat money i* paper currency of government is- *ne made legal tender by fiat or "aw, not based on specie and with": promise of redemption. Th» greenbacks about which the •Advance's story was written me definition, and so far as their is concerned the greenbacks of today still meet it. Anyone who has m "United States Note" in his pos ^session has a greenback, and if he •WOI i-ead it he will find that it is 3W| good for customs and interes «n the public debt, is not based Our correspondent will lind these 'acts set out In any book which ;reats of money:. 'Dewey's Financial History of the United States is one of many books which deal with the subject. The foregoing discussion ie all that space can be spared for this week. An attempt will be made to answer one or more other questions next week. , GET A NEW POSTER-UP, MB. ANDERSON . Commenting on. Senator Patterson's public letter of last week, the democratic Rlngsted Dispatch says: 'We are told that the income tax in :his- state would raise around $80,000." ., . ','.... Editor Andereon had better' look for a better posted Informant before repeating such an absurd statement. The wildest opponents of the tax when it was before the legislature two years ago conceded that it would raise $2,000,000 or more, and .-the better opinion was that it would raise $5,000,000 or more, or nearly one-half of the total tax now raised by levy for state purposes. ''•:.' The absurdity of Editor Anderson's statement is further 'demonstrated by the fact that the proposed state Income tax law was modeled after the federal law, an* hat in 11931, on 1930 returns, Iowa corporations and individuals paid 8,319,433.17 into the federal treasury in income taxes. These figures And 1930 was a depres- are official. lion year! Mr. Anderson seemed a trifle toe- 'ogrged also in the following comment: . " . "We believe that a law taxing all municipal property and other tax- exempt 'property and securities in !owa would do more to equalize taxes than an income tax." It would be interesting to learn ust how taxing municipal property voulcl help. Municipalities have no sources of income except from taxes or services sold to the public. Why collect from the public to pay the mblic? Other exempt property is of two (gold or silver), and carries aw promise of redemption in stand »n| money. When the greenbacks were firs. 3*sued they were convertible into U It- bonds. This privilege was withdrawn in 1863, and for the next 16 both the original and subsequent issues were irredeemable — »«tr« fiat currency. In 1879 they 1 W«r* restored to redeemahility by Jwnnnptlon of specie payments, and 4s 1900 the sum of $150,000,000 in sold was set aside as a reserve for -the redemption of the $346,000,000 in greenbacks then and still out erreenbacks which the Kos- *uth County State bank held were to the bank's reserve in TW$ vas while t&ey were in- •*«nrertihje, and tfeey were therefore swreney, as stafctf in the till shortly 1879. before resumption in Lei's Not Wt«4 D-H! Serious I said in-this column kJ recehtiy about Algona and What Cheei 1 , up and coming Iowa home towns, brings forth a contemptuous note from Phil Strong, author of State ..Fair. He assures me that AU gona never could beat his town; Keosauqua, at football. As for What Cheer, he doesn't think the town ever had a tep.ni that could win & game. Keosauqua, It seems, ran right over everything In £M?a time, and probably 'Is still doing It. Wood Cowan, cartoontot, however, tells me that Algona had. a charm that no mere footballer can ever dim. There was, for Instance, the crowd around the stove In the grocery store, and the old soldier who was juet a wee mite cracked.in the head. This old warrior never Joined ii^ the tales of derring-do' of the other veterans, except once during- eaclv'evening, and then -always with the same set speech, which was set off like a music box by some reference'to herolem in battle: ';-.' "Wild Anthony Wayne! There was a mighty man! Shoulde'r arms, says he; forward march, says he; fix bayonets, says he; charge cays he; surrender, nays he; in whose name, says they; in the name of tne Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress, says he. Wild Anthony Wayne; there was a mighty nian! We've got his picture at home with rubber 'boots on!" Year in and year out, the same speech every night, until at last the faded eccentric who had his history so badly mixed was missed from the cracker barrel circle. His companions found him in .the snow. Some remark about the patient's pluck set off the fuee, and the old man went down the long trail with his sadly twisted tale of ' Wild Anthony Wayne, the mighty man, upon ,his lips.^-C. B. Driscoll, Syndicate Newspaper'Feature Writer, in Sioux City Journal. , C. B. D., Wood, and Phil ought to stick to 'their own knitting. Their wit, sharp, acid, biting, is the kind that hurts feelings. However, Algona can etand it. You may continue to fire when ready, boys. Well, We Don't Blame the Crank for Going Away. Sir—Having noted jocular references to the imperspicuity of certain contemporary writers in your column, I beg to tender, with my most kinds: 1. Semi-public, such as humble apologies and no feeling of FROMEAH 0 HURT YOU ?*< .v* 8 * *', H •Burt, Aug. 2—-Kay BVlwln," 2-year- old son of the Clifford Holdings, had a kernel of corn removed from one of his cars Saturday. It had evidently been Ih the ear for some ttme, for it was partly decayed and only the hard outer shell remained. The ear had (started to run,.which caused the parents to consult a doctor. ' Jfo Program for Booster Meet— • ,. The following Burt people went to Ttonka last week Tuesday night to attend an.-I. O. O. P. booster meetIng: Esther Olson, Esther Bahling, Mrs. Lois Trainer, Mre. C. F. Wha-i len, Edna Staley, the'Aaron'Taylors, the Carl' Bahlings, the J. H. Grahams, the E. 6. Chlpmans, the Q. E. Braces. Through misunderstanding no program _had been prepared, so no meeting was held. ~ Mrs. Van Tritaken Has Birthday— The following relatives came last week Tuesday to help Mrs. H. S. Van Vranken celebrate a birthday: Mr. and Mre. P. 'L. Olsen, Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Jorstad, and-.Mrs. Josie Knutson. Story City, and Mr. and •Mrs. A. D. Rosenbergh, Estherville. Fenton Family Moves Here— The William Boettchers, formerly of Fenton, moved into the Boettcher house In south Burt Saturday: Mr. Boettcher had been in the stock it out,;., Y',S- 8«n for.iteat. ,_, All** yfttld Mt*Oi Qi k \Jt * funuaunn have refcelvedt 'wrfrd 6?''fliC bitth -of" a grandson, Junior Luther, born W LleUt, and Mrs. L. J, Fairbanks, San Antonio, Tef.f July 2tt Pastor to WwJeyans' Plcnte— The Rev. J. E. Clifton and 'fam-> tiles from Wesley had a. picnic din tier at the Ambrose A. Call state" park Sunday, Bncllg Home from Laket—< 'The H. O. Buells returned Monday from their cottage x at the Okor bojis f wher6 they had spent eeveral weeks. Flower Show Is Planned— A special •meeting of the Woman's club was held at Mrs. O. J. B*. Vogel's OFrlday evening. The club plans a flower show for. August 20. Brent mel Tlglf* Old Home The <P. L. (Dremmels went to Prairie du Chien, WIs,, Saturday for a vlilt. Mr. Dremmel .formerly lived there. Junior Leatierg to Fort Dodg*— • The Junior League ball, team goes to Fort Dodge this week Tuesday to play the Fort Dodge team, and will be guest at a .Legion convention. 8. 8. Picnic Next Sunday— The Lutheran Sunday school will hold its 'annual picnic in the R. C Koestler grove next Sunday. Other Bart News. i Winsome, Glenn, Nelda, and Ellen Volentlne," and Maybelle Gray went to Bedford Sunday, and Winsome remained to visit a former school , Mr.' aftrf tew.' Rubey Is one of ,the total Mr* Ida Andswon got home lait week Wednesday from toelphtf Ihd,. where she had spent two months with her daughter, Jrfre. HoSB WeaV* er. Mre. Jf. W. Elliot atid her tei- Marguerite spent ah couple- ,o£ days last week-end at Wodeh, where they helped cook, for threshers at Mrs. Billot's son's. , ' DVt Herbert Blelch, -who recently started practldlng dentistry at Ma* pleton, and Mr. and MM. P. Trei- nens, Marcus, son, and. daughter visited Sunday at O, W, Blekih's, Mr. and Mrs. J.' H. Graham spent the week-end with Mrs. Graham's parents at Webster City. The M. M. Chlpmans were at H. B. Gabriel's. Armstrong. ' , Mrs. F. B. Ixmnsberry, Mission, Tex., arrived last week Tuesday to Visit her daughter, Mrs. R. Ji Hammerstrom. ' • Mattle Warner, Eva Whitney,'and the J. O. Sewlck's attended a Bible conference at- the Methodist • camp grounds, the Okobojls, Sunday. ' v The Aid meets .this week Wednesday at-Mrs. J. O. Sewlck'a; Mrs., P. O. Stow, assisting hostess. There will be election of officers. • " The. William Larsone, Brltt, visited Monday at C. L. Holding's, and Jimmy Holding went to Brltt with them for a week with his cousins.' • Mrs. Carl'Watson, who has been 1 sriously sick for weeks, "had a tonsil operation last Thursday, and Is now. improving. / Ernest Kruger accompanied 'the Charles Morrises, Lone Rock, to d«llt'C«rtl» btd ?, a partner' al ^ "Ifott At6 too da|hh dumb in regard to oncd nr AdVanfie of ;,JU}y 21 ".fifty d* ««fehl>«lfek • It you' Wlii Sflswer' the* 'foUdW> <|Ue*tl6ns^; through .the Ad- fcfe/all of which 'are related to - the'- article referred to, It will, I •> am 'sure, be 1 of great interest to * all 1 economic minded student* J and shed gome necessary: light on .'ithls question of 'paramount' Inr '• .portaftce. , , ', , ' ; ' l.^ Y6u refer to greenbacks as ;fiat money. What Is flat money? . ! 2.— *ou «ay that under the in- flu^nce of greenbacks prices ' ; tog/6, ''which, ; Of course,;, Included 'farm 'products* If our 'money, sys- ter affects ..farm prices as you < say the greenbacks did, how can • < It' be' explained that our present ;; gyatem 1 le not, responsible for oUr .,' 8c 'oats', '17c corn, ,-7c ' 'eggs, , v ahd • Correspondingly ,, ruinous i prices 1 for all products of, the soil ' of, which your subscribers are' 1 vie* of ab6Ut ( one-half of say „. . "nsound money .MI £ at is mennt by aha unsound nioney? fe.-T-Your article sav« n, cates of-sound money ' standard) • which 1 lemo< We have only circulatin the same time have »« , to keep doctor, , t time congress meets? 'Fairmont .Sunday to visit his eon Albert.- • , .."',,' Mr. and Mrs. Roscoe Mawd'gley are •parents of a eon, 'born last Thursday. ' ' '•' • Mrs. Otto Kraushaar and her daughter Jo'Ann spent Monday ,• at Dr.-Di !E."'KuH»'s,' Bmmetaburg. • *'• ' ' Mr «' Maude Hnnna and L Charles went to Sioux .p a i| 8 , day to visit relatives. Geraldlne Larsen, Brltt . --" "•"•- her aunt, M » i.Mrs. C. H. Schraeder to. the, Sew,ing.Circle las churches and cemeteries; 2. Exemptions within limits, that Is, u-p to certain amounts, in favor, a., of soldiers, or, b., of objects of charity. Would Mr. Anderson eliminate any or all of these exemptions? As for tax-exempt securities, surely Mr. Anderson ought to know that no law Iowa 'could pass would have the slightest effect. Such securities as are exempted are constitutionally protected, and the only way to make them taxable would be to amend the state and federal constitutions, an all but impossible task. Although Mr. Anderson presumably favors his fellow democrat, Mr. McParland, for the senate, he admits that "Patterson is the best-informed man in the legislature as regards the proposed Income and, somewhat ruefully, he tax"; adds, "We would be unable to hold our own in a tax argument with Senator Patterson." Timely Topics At the recent republican state judicial convention a resolution condemning the primary was adopted. Nobody can v blame the lawyers for wanting to abolish a system which reduced their politifcal influence by nine-tenths, or thereabouts, and gave the common people a say in naming candidates for public office. Practically universal' newspaper opinion in Iowa, including that of editors' unfriendly to Turner, condemns the Long announcement of intention to run as an independent candidate for governor. His vengeful, back-biting policy during and since the recent republican state convention has done more to cost him public esteem than exposure of the peculations which caused his removal from office. Sales Taxes and Tax Consciousness [Swea City Herald.] We are paging EXJitor W. C. Dewel, of the Algona Advance, the most articulate opponent of the sales tax in this region, because we fear the argument is liable to go flat with the constant reiteration that such a tax places an unfair burden upon the common man, •Listen to this angle, Editor Dewel: The sales tax would make the common man thoroughly "tax conscious." That te to say as he dealt in the various commodities there would be that sales tax jumping up at him on every turn. It wouldn't be long till he got wrathy. With his wrath aroused he would go on a stHI hunt for the cause of his troubles. It wouldn't be long till he ran smack up against government expenditures. Then he would get busy and holler his head off because the office-holders were spending too much money. When excise or income taxes are absorbed by the manufacturer, the common man is not conscious of them. The manufacturer, in the case of excise taxes, merely adds them to the coat of h^s production. The common man grumbles a little about the rising costs of the goods he buys. But ask him to pay a tax directly and listen to him cuss. Here is the point: As long as the politician can keep taxes hidden, as in the case of excise taxes 'absorbed by the manufacturer, the' common citizen (and incidentally many many votes) is not going to say much, but the moment the conwnon citizen begins to pay a tax directly the politician goes onto "the spot" Therefore, a sales, tax by reason of its unpopularity would serve as a powerful check upon'the profligate offlce-holder. 'Incidentally, we do AOt propose to eliminate the income tax, either st4ite or federal. .. -", •,',' _ • ,.,. < -^."-v,-i''f.n4-fjl condemnation, two passages from Rudyard Kipling's latest, Limits and Renewals. 'Dealing-with one of the most commonplace elements of present-day life—I use the automobile as my example — he rises to such heights as— "I braked being cyptically aware that Saunders' coffin had come adrift, and "was lying in the fairway, at the same time as I psychically apperceived the scented loveliness of the early summer night, and the stillness that emphasises percipience when one's'car has stopped." (p*p. 115-6). And again— "Her left fore-wheel inclined, on its stub-axle, towards (technically speaking) the Plane of the Ecliptic; her radiator sweated like Samson at Gaza; her steering-gear played like all Wordsworth's own daffodils; her swivelling head-light glared fixedly at the ground beneath' it like a Trappist monk under penance; but her cranking handle was beyond comparison, because it was not there." (p. 120). One wonders what Kipling might have done had he had bigger -and better things on which {o work. —THE MAJOR. SAL/ES TAX ADHERENTS are getting ready to try their ideas on congress again in .December. Mr. Cpolidge gave them heart by his in- dorsement of that system. Incidentally, he also tipped them not to call it a "sales tax." Somebody can get prominent by thinking up a better name.—Paul Mallon's Washington Gossip in S. C. Journal. Easy! Always come to Iowa for ideas. Call it the gross income tax and cash in on the general favor which the words "income tax" have come to enjoy. Depend on a careless reading public to miss the significance of the word "gross." YOU 'HAVE HEARD the old wives' tale about frightened mothers birthmarking their babies. Of course the docs make fun of it, but you can't convince the old wives And now the old wives' view has been confirmed by unimpeachable evidence. "Sandy" gives the facts in R. H. >L.'s Line o'^Type or Two. It appears that an expectant mother and her husband were camping out in Yellowstone park. The husband was absent a few minutes, and bear came out of the timber and scared the mother. And 1 —do you know?—when the baby was born it had bare feet! So That's Why They're Dumb! [Earl Hall's Chatter.] I suspect there are those who are gunning for J.' W. C. for passing along in his column recently the following gem: "God made the women both beautiful and dumb; beautiful so the men would marry them and dumb so they would marry the men." Good Story, But, Ten to One, Bide Didn't Mean It. [M. C. G.-G. Eye Observing.] I have one of my scouts to thank for the details of 'one of the most interesting and significant organizations ever formed in this part of the state. My information is that 'B, C. W. is the prime mover, and a first obligation upon all who Join is that they forswear allegiance to all other organizations to which they may belong, except churches. The unique feature of 'this new group is that it will never under any circumstances hold a meeting. ON'E OF OUR favorite dreams is •being back In the Old Pome Tow.h as a boy and finding gold and silvec coins under wooden sidewalks, -r J. W. C. in Rear Seat. . , • •• ;,. Aw, Jawfl, thati-ain't. thM.on| y£e Rear Seat fans w^jit to know about; Tell us about the'one where suddenly realize that you are tending a party clad only in upper half of your pajamas. you at- the FOR THE FINAL DAYS ;,'•'. '. • ' ' ' > ' : * ' —— of our- Great Clearance Ending Saturday Night, Aug. 6th ———— ' - '_ . . _' ' '•• _ * ' ^V^^ • "•;• NO APPROVALS NO EXCHANGES EXTRA SPE CIA L! 300 Beautiful Silk Dresses Almost Given ALL SALES. FINAL AND FOR CASH ONLY Dresses Worth to $10.95 NOW $3.39 Dresses Worth to $16.95 NOW $4*89 Dresses Worth to $25.00 ' 8.00 VALUES—NOW $2.95 "Nelly Don" meshes — voiles- linens and organdies — women's and misses' sizes, Wash Dresses at Radical Reduction! ffeO ftt *Vr A T IT-nCt -' ' -«T.SV»» - i „ , , i I $8,95 VALUES—NOW $1.98 Beautiful printed summer voiles—fine linens—print and organdy combinations — all must go, none reserved. 12,50 VALUES—NOW $1.39 House frocks of fine, fast color prints, Summer dresses of voile —batiste — linen and eyelet Swiss, All sizes. * CHILDBED'S DRESSES $1.59 I)a)nty printed batistes-Tott<* prints and 9 rfundies - » from 7 to 14, Jfcpl !)»rg»i»fc Oil Cloth I5c Lay In a supply at this low price — white fancy colors.- Silk Hose 39c Pure .silk Never- mend hose for women in all of the wanted colors. 2 pair for 7*H? . ...... . .. »pmL ^ mfm ,^,^ ^ ^« ^ WWT MmFWHW •' T ~ "l wal y "lw« Abtoluttly FREE! Linen Kerchiefs Linen, and fine swiss — regular 10 and 15 cent values. Flour Sacks Poub'le size Reached flour sacks. Nice for tea towels. Street Pajamas Our regular $1.00 colorful print pajamas that are go popular now, Princess Lustrous ~"~ ? r&ypn slips in cut patWng S»K» ,M^ es ' * , , ?' gujts pf wool f 'bV

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