The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 25, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, June 25, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. L—NO. 80 Blytheville Courier Blytheville DaUy New* Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS- FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1954 SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Guatemalan Rebels Massed for Attack Major Assault Near at Hand, Anti-Reds Say By SAM SUMMERLIN TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras {AP) — The Guatemalan rebel command said last night its forces were massed for a full-scale attack on Chiquimula and that "bloody" fighting already raged there. But government military leaders, boasting advances on "all fronts," vowed to bring the invasion to a speedy end. A communique from the invasion headquarters of Guatemalan exile leader Col. Carlos Castillo Armas said a major battle was shaping up at Chiquimula, less than 70 miles northeast of the Guatemalan capital. ' The announcement said that as the rebels pressed in to attack, the government hastily reinforced the Chiquimula garrison with artillery, mortars and machineguns. The communique said the garrison commander had deserted to the rebels. 16 Towns Claimed Castillo Armas claimed his rebel forces now hold 16 Guatemalan towns, seized since the invaders moved in from the Honduran border last Friday in a bid to unseat President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman's Communist - supported regime. On the diplomatic front, the strained relations between Guatemala and neighboring Honduras appeared near the breaking point. Informed sources said the Honduran government was about to demand the expulsion of Guatemalan Ambassador Amadio Chin- chila on grounds he sparked Wednesday's Leftist student demonstration in Tegucigalpa. Seven persons were wounded when police opened fire. Tension reached the crucial stage when Guatemala accused Honduras of aiding the rebellion being waged by Guatemalans who had been in exile in Honduras. The Hondurans denied the charge and counter-claimed that Guatemalan planes had bombed their soil. Conflicting Claims Guatemala's demand that Honduras and neighboring Nicaragua obey a TJ.N. Security Council resolution against helping either side in the war was before the Council today. The five-nation Inter-American Peace Committee announced in Washington that if Guatemala is willing, it will send down a fact- finding committee to check on her charges gainst Honduras and Nicaragua. Early today Guatemala had not replied, but members of the committee expressed confidence she would agree. Both sides in the war continued to issue conflicting military claims at frequent intervals. The rebel "liberation army" claimed communications had been cut between Guatemala City and the rail town of Zacapa, and also between Zacapa and the chief Car- ribean port, Puerto Barrios. "Radio" Liberation," heard in neighboring El Salvador, said the rebels controlled the main highways and communications and would soon strangle the government forces into immobility through a shortage of fuel. The government radio, on the other hand, declared army troops were advancing on all fronts, leaving "many dead and wounded" in their wake. "Final Blow" Prepared The broadcast said activities were back to normal around Puerto Barrios and that Arbenz' forces were mopping up rebel remnants south of the port. The army high command declared "a final blow" was being prepared against the rebels. An army spokesman said government forces won a major victory yesterday at Morales, one of the 16 towns claimed by the rebels. An army communique claimed "heavy casualties" in the Morales fighting and some "foreign mercenaries" captured. Castillo Armas has denied using foreign troops in his invasion force.. Most observers here feel the rebel drive had bogged down and that failure of Guatemala's peasants to join inUhe uprising had thrown the invasion badly out of gear. The invasion continued, to inspire demonstrations and newspa- See GUATEMALA on Page 12 TOWNS CLAIMED BY REBELS — "Underlined are some of the towns which Guatemala rebels claimed to have captured. They include Santo Tomas, El Estor, Morales, Bananera, York, Las Quebradas, Los Amates, Quirigia, Iguana, Gualan, Camoatan, Vado, Hondo ond Olapa. Rebel forces are massed for a full-scale attack on Chiqu|mula (circled), a communique from the headquarters of exile leader Col. Carlos Castillo Armas said last night. (AP Wirephoto) Guatemala Issue Before UN Council UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — The U. N. Security Council turns back to the Guatemalan War today, taking up an urgent charge from the Central American Republic that neighboring Honduras and Nicaragua -still are helping the rebels fighting President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman's Communist- backed government. minutes before the Soviet Union U.S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodg Jr., the council president,- calle the ll-nation group to meet thi afternoon after the council's Latin American members, Brazil an Colombia, acceded to the Guate malan appeal and asked for a session. Diplomatic sources said they go their request to Lodge just a few Inside Today's Courier Newt . . That Deal with Brave* May Give Giants the Flay ... Lulu Perez Is 1-3 Choice in Tonight's TV Fifht . . . Jack Dempsey Celebrates 59th Birthday . . . Sports . , . P**** * *nd 9.,. . . . Farm News . . . page 7... ... An Old Man, A Wheel Chair and an Indomitable Spirit . . . Editorials . . . paffe «... U.S.-British Talks Open Today in Washington with No Optimistic Predictions . . . p*r« & Pemiscot Okays Health Unit Tax 2,000 to 50 Vote Means Services To Be Continued CARUTHERSVILLE — Pemisco Oounty voters gave a wnopping 2,059 to 55 majority to a five cent increase in the county's health tax it was announced here today. The okay by the people means that the county's health unit will be able to continue present service and probably will be pulling itsel: out of the red within the next 18 months or two years. Losing Money Dr. S. B. Beecher, who is shared by Pemiscot and Dunklin Counties said the Pemiscot unit lost aboui $6,000 the first half of the year and is expected to wind up the year some $12,000 in the red. He said the increased tax wil slowly get the unit back into the black, but pointed out it will take upwards to two years to do this. At the end of that time, he stated, services of the unit probably will be increased. At the present time, the unit is staffed by Dr. Beecher, two nurses, a sanatarian and a clerk. Eleven clinics are now being conducted on a monthly basis in various communities. Murder Trial In Caruthersville CARUTHERSVILLE — Trial of William McCrary, charged with first degree murder in connection with the shooting of his wife, got under way last night in circuit court with Judge Joseph H. Allen presiding. The court lasted four witnesses for the prosecution in the evening session which lasted until 10 p.m. Mrs. McCrary WM shot while she sat in a pick-up truck in Hayti last September. Htat Bothers Truman KANSAS CITY (£)—Temperatures near the 100-degree mark bothered 'ormer President Harry S. Truman, recovering from an operation, but he declined to move to a cooler room in the hospital yesterday. His condition remained satisfactory. formally demanded a meeting. The Russians first came to the aid of the Guatemalan government last Sunday, when Soviet Delegate Semyor K. Tsarapkin vetoed a Brazilian resolution to shunt the Guatemalan case to the Organization of American States. Committee Planned The Inter-American Organization's five-nation Peace Committee announced in Washington last night that, if Guatemala agrees, it will send a fact finding committee to check on the charges against Nicaragua and Honduras. Guatemala's reply to the proposal was reported on the way to the committee. Some members said they understood it would be favorable. After the Soviet veto in the council Sunday, the group ended a bitter meeting by approving unani- mousy a French resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire and caling on all TJ.N. members to refrain fro. assisting the fighting forces on both sides. Guatemala messaged the council Tuesday that the resolution was being ignored* and that persons inside Honduras and Nicaragua were still helping the rebels. Honduras and Nicaragua denied the complaint. ' Air Force Academy Site Named Colorado City Selected For West Point of Air WASHINGTON (AP) — The West Point of the Air, training school for the young men who will man America's air armadas of the future, will be built near Colorado Springs, Colo. Secretary of the Air Force Talbott announced his selection of that site late yesterday, ending years of bidding by rival sites which originally numbered in the hundreds but had been narrowed down to three board. by a special selection Thus the Rocky Mountain country of the West gets the Air Force's counterpart of the two old service academies, both situated on the Atlantic seaboard: The Army's West Point, N. Y., and the Navy's Annapolis, 3Vfd. Ready In 1957 Some 15,000 acres of rolling coun" try which curves up to the wooded foothills of the Rocky Mountain chain dominated by 14-109-foot Pikes Peak will be the locale of the Air Force Academy, on which Congress has authorized the expenditure of 136 million dollars. higher. The academy is not expected to be ready for use before mid-1957. A temporary home will be established at Denver. Talbott's announcement did not say precisely where, but presumably It will be at Lowry Field, a big Air Force installation. Talbott described the Colorado Springs site as -"admirable for the the school," which he said is "des- Senate Group Votes Anti-Red Resolution the future of our country." Whether President Eisenhower had a choice in the final selection was not known. Talbott had quoted the President as saying some months ago that he had a choice, but would not tell where it was. . . . ... -•:-....... ,. . Mrs. Eisenhower's home is in Denver, 71 miles north of Colorado Springs, and the President spent his vacation in the area last year. The other sites open to Talbott were Lake Geneva, Wis., and Alton, m. In authorizing the academy earlier this year, Congress set up a special five-man commission which traveled over the country inspecting hundreds of possible locations. The commission was to pick the site if it coud agree unanimously. But if not—and this is what happened—it was to name three and .leave the final choice to Talbott. Local groups from Lake Geneva and Alton had voiced some objections, and a Lake Geneva citizens' group had filed a suit in federal court here to prevent its" selection. Protest Colorado Springs, a resort city listed in the 1950 census as having a population of 45,472 persons, interposed no such protest. And the Churchill, Eisenhower Confer; Seek End to Misunderstanding Fate of Asia U.S. Accused of Seizing Russian Skip in Pacific MOSCOW (AP) — The Soviet Union accused the U . S. Navy today of seizing a Russian tanker in waters between Formosa and the Philippines. The Danish-built ship was one the Americans tried last year to prevent being delivered to the Russians. A stiff Russian note, made public here today, said the 8,840-ton Tuapse was seized Wednesday "by a warship of the destroyer type" which threatened to open fire. The note threatened "appropriate measures for safeguarding the security of Soviet merchant ships sailing in that area." In Pearl Harbor, Adm. Felix B Stump denied any American \va ship was involved. Stump, commnn der of the U. S. Pacific Fleet, sai "no U. S. warship has seized nn Russian Ship." Chinese Nationalist officials o Formosa withheld comment on th affair. The Nationalist Navj which regularly harasses Commu nist shipping off the Red Chin coast, operates destroyers and pa trol craft loaned by the Unite States. Return Demanded The Soviet note, handed U. Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen lat yesterday, demanded the immed ate return of the Tuapse, its cm and its cargo of petroleum prod ucts, as well as the ''severe punish ment of the American officials con cerned in the organization of thi unlawful act." The position given leged seizure is in bidding for the site: A million dollars with which to buy land, creation of a -land acquisition committee, a pledge of cooperation on behalf of labor and construction forces. Colorado Springs has long been a tourist mecca, in part because of what Gov. Dan Thornton describes AS its "inspiration and beauty." The temporary academy is due See AIR FORCE on Page 12 for the ai the Luzo Straits, about 125 miles south o Formosa and 60 miles north o the main Philippine island of Lu zon. The Russian note said the tank er was stopped at 4 a.m. (loca time) Wednesday by the warshi "and, having been threatened wit the use of arms, was forced change its course and follow tha warship. "After reception of a report from the captain on the tanker abou the attack on the part-of the war ship . . . radio contact with th tanker was disrupted," the not continued, "The further fate of th Soviet vessel and its crew is un cnown. It is obvious that seizure of th Soviet tanker by the warship in waters under the control of th TJ. S. Navy could be brought abou only by naval forces of the U.S.A., it declared. The Russian threat of measures to safeguard its shipping could mean the establishment of Sovie naval patrols in the ocean ap preaches to Communist China. In Washington, State Departmen press officer Lincoln White said the Soviet note gave "no evidence that the United States had any thing to do with the ship seizure.' White said a reply would be sen to the Kremlin in due course. The Tuapse is a motorship, 485 feet long, one of several ships built in Copenhagen, Denmark, fo the Russians. She was completed last year. The U. S. protested against the delivery of the ships on the grounds that tankers were strategic goods, which the Western na tions agreed not to ship to Iron Curtain countries following Rec China's intervention in the Korean War. Denmark rejected the U. S. protests. Nationalist Chinese warships have seized ships in the Formosa WASHINGTON (ffl — The Senate Foreign Relations Committee, looking straight at Guatemala, today approved unanimously a resolution declaring the "international Communist movement" must be kept out of this hemisphere. Athough the resolution carries no legal force, its adoption'by the Senate and House would make it an expression of the view of Congress and strengthen the admin- stration's hand in whatever moves t makes to combat communism in iatin America. As approved by the committee, ha resolution is a revised version of one introduced by Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas, the Democratic ader. The committee substituted the 'international Communist movement" for references Johnson made to the Soviet Union, and ephrased Johnson's language call- ng for "direct and appropriation ction" to bar Soviet interference n this hemisphere. The word "direct" was dropped. en. H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) cting chairman, told reporters It was stricken so as to leave no ossible Implication that the United tates government was being: sked by Congress to take "direct" military action in Guatemala. Smith told newsmen the resolu- on "serves a Monroe Doctrine notice on the world that we don't want any Communist infiltration area in their attempt to enforce an economic blockade of the Chinese mainland. Two Communist ships, the Praca and the Gottwnld. are now tied up at a southern Formosa port nfter running afoul of Nationalist vessels. Poland claims ownership of both but the Nationalists insist they belong to the Chinc.se Reds. Historic Conference Red China s Chou, India s Nehru Meet at the capital's Palnm Airfield. The Indian Communist party pollt- buro ordered "peace" demonstra tions throughout Chou's three-daj NEW DELHI (AP) — The Communist Premier of 500 million Chinese and the Prime Minister of Democratic India's 350 millions opened a weekend of talks in New Delhi today which could change the history of Asia. Prime Minister Nehru greeted visit, but a Red-organized cheer- Red China's Chou En-lai with a ing section could arouse only feeble enthusiasm from the airport crowd of about 2,500 persons. The meeting: of Asia's two powerful government chiefs came as a Umax to months of East-West tension In which India, trying; to play a neutral role, appeared drawn closer and closer to her powerful Communist neighbor. Attention Sought Chou's dramatic flight from the Geneva conference to meet Nehru appeared a direct challenge to draw world attention from the WashingXon conference thLs weekend of Prime Minister Churchill and President Elsenhower. Advance announcements said Korea and Indochina would be the main topics discussed here. Observers predicted Chou would wage a strong campaign to pull Nehru further from neutrality into the "Asia for Asians" circle he called for at Geneva. "May the friendship between China and India deveop with each passing day," said Chou in a statement he read in Chinese on arriva at the airport. "May the unity of the peoples of all Asian countries become daily closer." There was specuation the talks would get around to the question of a non-aggression pact between the two nations, though Indian Foreign Office sources discounted the possibility of direct action on this. Leadership at Issue Indian officias said Nehru as host woud be in a position to direct the trend of the conversations. But the advance handling of the visit at all levels indicated it would be the Chinese leader who woud be carrying the ball in the talks. "This time," said one quaified observer, "Nehru wil likely do more listening than talking." Soon after his arrival, Chou laid the customary wreath at the site of Gandhi's cremation. In addition to the Chou-Nehru talks, the visit includes a round of receptions and banquets and a lying visit Sunday by Chou to the Taj Mahal, at Agra, 120 miles from tfew Delhi. The Chinese party eaves Monday for Peiping. U. S. dipomats will be missing rom the social functions for the Chinese. Indian protocol experts aid invitations were going only to epresentatives of "those countries not ikely to decline." GETS FREE CHEST X-RAY — Miss Kathryn Ball of Blytheville stands before the X-ray camera in the mobile unit trailer in Blytheville this morning while Larry Simmoni, Little Rock technician, shows her how to stand for the picture. The mobile unit will be in Blytheville to make free X-rays through next Wednesday. The unit will be in operation from 9 to 12 a.m. and 1 to 4 p.m. daily, except Sunday. Volunteer workers aiding In the registration are Mesdames J. W. Rayder, chairman, R, A. Gary, Bill McLeod, Leonard Johnson, F. L. Husband, and H. C. Bush. (Courier New» Photo) Rev. Egryensperger New Methodist Pastor on Hand Rev. Eggensperger Formerly Held Russellville Pastorate The Rev. Harold O. Eggensperger arrived in Blytheville today to take over the pastorate of First Methodist Church. He succeeds the Rev. Roy I. Bagley, new Fayetteville District superintendent. He was previously pastor of the Methodist Church in Russellviile, Ark., for four years. Blytheville is ris sixth church. He was associate minister here when he graduated rom college. Receiving his bachelor of divinity degree from Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist Uni- ersity, Dallas, Tex., he was graduated from Hendrix College at Conway after finishing high school. Was Rotarian He is accompanied by his wife, member of PEO and a graduate f College of the Ozarks. Mrs. Eggensperger has done work with the ntermediate department and wom- n's organizations of the church. The Rev. Mr. Eggensperger has erved as chairman of the World ervice and Finance Commission f the North Arkansas Conference f the Methodist Church and has een active as a member of the lotary Club. A. J. Longdon, Jr., Dies in Kennett KENNETT — A. J. Langdon, Jr., rominent Hornersville farmer, ied at Memorial Hospital in Kenett last night. Mr. Langdon, holder of extensive arming and ginning interests in he Hornersville area, had been in ie hospital several weeks. He ould have been 64 on July 6. Services are to be conducted Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock in Hornersville's Methodist Church. Survivors include his wife; two brothers, Senter Langdon of Hornersville, and Wesley Langdon of Oklahoma; and three daughters, Mrs. Wilbur Davidson, Kennett, Mrs. Barrett, and Miss June Lang- May Be Decided At Conference By JOHN M. FUGHTOWElt WASHINGTON ( A P) — Prime Minister Churchill met with President Eisenhower today to see whether they can wipe out in intimate talks any "misunderstanding," as Churchill put it, between the two major powers of the anti-Communist world. Portentous decisions, particularly on the Far East, hang in th* balance on the week-end conferences between the President and his White House guest. Churchill appeared to be in buoyant spirits on his arrival by plane and seemingly sought to deprecate the rift between American and British policies. He spoke of th« difficulties as "family matters'* and suggested that whatever troubles the United States and, Britain may have, those In the Communist world are "even greater." On the American side, there wai an absence of any public expression of confidence and hope about the talks such as, more often than not, is contained in welcoming statements on such occasions. Diplomats here, in fact, hold m preat doubt that anything to improve the situation actually can come out of the talks. Met At Airport Eisenhower greeted Churchill with a warm handshake at the White House steps. The British leader had been escorted there by Vice President Nixon and Secretary of State Dulles who met him and his party at the airport. There were no public statements from Nixon and Dulles on Churchill's arrival but the British leader spoke to an airport crowd, on hit aims for the talks. He put it this way: "I've come with Anthony Eden to talk over a few family matters and try to make sure that there are no misunderstands." Churchill, in gray suit and homburg and carrying a gold-headed cane, stepped down from the big American-built British Overseas Airways plane promptly at 8 a.m. Eden was with him. Churchill, 79, moved with remarkable sprightliness. As the crowd cheered, Churchill lifted his hat and waved. The morning sunight brightened his pink-faced smile. The military guard drawn up In an open square around the edges of the parking apron stood at present arms. Churchill shook hands with vice President Nixon and Secretary of State Dulles, British Ambassador Sir Roger Makins and other British commonwealth envoys here. Fatherland to Mother's Land Then, after a moment's conference with his American hosts, Churchil marched stoutly to a waiting battery of microphones and said: "I have had a very comfortable journey from my fatherland to my mother's land." (His mother was an American.) "I've come with Anthony Eden to talk over a few family matters don, Homersville. Baldwin Funeral Home of Kennett is in charge, Season's First Hurricane Hits Mexican Coast BROWNSVILLE, Tex. UP) — Alice, he first hurricane of the season, prang up suddenly in the Gulf of Mexico and scooted over to Brownsville and the lonely Mexican coast today. It wasn't a big blow as hurricanes go .Winds at the center were reported 80 miles an hour, just five miles above hurricane strength. 60 miles south of Brownsville, Texas' southernmost city. One man was injured in Brownsville when winds, which blew in gusts up to 56 miles an hour, knocked off a crossbar on a power line. The crossbar hit him on the head. The man, unidentified, was working on the line. Some 50 or 60 Girl Scouts in A camp near here were evacuated and set up their camp Brownsville civic center in the before are no misunderstandings. "The English-speaking family or brotherhood is rather a Jarge one and not entirely without a few things here and there. (Sic.) "And if we work together we may get along all right ourselves and do a lot to help our neighbors in the world, some of whom on either side of the Iron Curtain seem to have greater problems than ourselves." When he finished speaking Churchill turned to Secretary of State Dulles whom he has known for a long time and asked in his famous Churchillian growl "Was that all right?" Dulles grinned and warmly shook his hand. At the White House Eisenhower, broad grin on his face, wel- See CHURCHILL on Page It Weather ARKANSAS — Generally fair and hot this afternoon, tonight and Saturday except for widely scattered afternoon or evening.thundershow- ers in extreme south. MISSOURI — Mostly clear, hot and rather humid through Saturday; low tonight generally in the 70s; high Saturday 95-105. Maximum yeaterday—94. Minimum thi* morning—07. Sunset today—7:17. SunriM tomorrow—4:40. Mean temperature (midway Mtwean high and low)—WJ. Precipitation latt 24 houn to 7:00 .m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 4 to date— MM, TMU Date LMt YM* Maximum yesterday—100. Minimum this momlnc—74. Precipitation JaauMV 1 I* tfat*— 30.40.

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