Pittsburgh Post-Gazette from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on July 13, 1913 · Page 5
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Pittsburgh Post-Gazette from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 5

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 13, 1913
Page 5
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SECTION PAGE FIVE. A WELL KXOWX CITIZEN" OF BRADDOCK 2 (2 : - i": J. . fir r f VT " j - ill 5 id Our uly Clearance Sale "S; Includes Entire Stock Women's and Misses' Sum- THE PITTSBURGH GAZETTE TIMES, SUNDAY , JULY 13. 1913. FIRST - -f r -77. J. B. Corey starting oat for a drive behind Ma favorite horse. 1A TIT COST TO Hi AMERICA Old Account Books Show That Columbus' Expense Was About $8,000. REVIVING LACE INDUSTRY French Society Matron's Idea Suggested by the Queen of Italy. Br INTERNATIONAL NKWS SERVICE. PARIS, July 12.-'-The cost of the discovery of America has been figured out by an arithmetician here. When traveling in Spain he found some old account books showing that Columbus' fleet of threo ships cost approximately $3,140. For the officer's stores $400 sufficed. The men were paid l-50 a day, but had to find their own food and drink. This makes a total of about $5,000, to which there must be adued about $3,000 for guns and ammunitions of war. Altogether, therefore, the cost of discovering America waa $8,000, which seems cheap enough. Thanks to the initiative of one of our young society matrons, the Countess de Marmler, the hand lace Industry is about to assume its old ascendancy in France. Mme. de Marmier. who is a member of one of our old ducal families, has collected the best specimens of old French lace and has Riven an exhibition. Some of our most distinguished women have undertaken to help her in this national levlval of lace. The idea was suggested to Mme. de Marmler by Queen Margherita of Italy, who has a collection of old laces, said to be the finest In the world. Her majesty has made a thorough study of the history of lace. She even went so far as to visit the tombs of the ancient convents of Italy in search of specimens. Her object was not merely an artistic attraction, but also to find work in their own homes for Italian women. Inspired by tiiis noble example, the Countess de Marmler Is doing the same for France, but on a much larger scale. Toward the end of the eighteenth century lace-making reached Us zenith in France. Valenciennes alone employed many hundreds of thousands of women. When Napoleon III had himself declared emperor only two old lace makers could be found in that town. Bergue, Little Bailleul and other northern towns took it up. but machine-made lace has never been popular in France. Now Mme. de Marmier is establishing lace making centers wherein the best eld French lace is made. It is a gigantic work which will give pleasant and profitable employment to all women desiring it. This young woman, brought up among those who labor not, neither do they spin, issuing from the most frivolous Paris society, will become the saviour of many of her poorer country-women. In his private "Theater of Flowers," Count Robert de Clermont-Tonnerre has Just given an unique entertainment to close the season. His theater is In the garden of his villa at Maisons-Lafitte, a vuburb which wealthy American racing men are making the , most luxurious around Paris. The theater is all flowers. Its walls, its roof, its windows, its stage, everything the eye can see Is one mass of flowers, which are refreshed by a gentle rain like a heavy dew from a fountain. Over the entrance is a line from Rostand reading: "Costumes bright and rhymes as light." M. Noziere wrote an odd play for the occasion, which was Interpreted by five of the most beautiful young actresses in Paris. These are Melles, Nory, Debienne, Tambour and Deruy. Rough on Cholly. Jack Pn Kitty gave you a flat refusal. Cholly Yes: she said she wouldn't live In one nor with one." Boston Transcript. WOMEN VICTIMS OF MAN'S "GREED London Sees a Pathetic Exhibi-' tion of Some "Sweated" Workers. SOLEMN OBJECT LESSON Labor Party Will Seek to Have Minimum Wage for the Farm Laborers. Does Your Stomach Trouble You? Mayr's Woidsrful Stomach Remedy Is Successfully Taken in Cases of Stomach, Liver and Intestinal Ailments And One Dose Has Often Dispelled Years of suffering Wonderful StomachReinedy will change that Long race! Mu .vr' Wonderful Momwh Bemedy can reslly bs termed a wonderful remedy nd the bt.Pftlts that it Klves in many of the most rhronlo cartes of Htomach Trouble has spread Its fume from one enii of the country to the other. No matter where you live you will find people who have suffered with Htomach IJvrr nd InteMtlnai Ailment, etc., and have been restored to healtn and are loud In thjr praie of this remedy. There Is not a day but what one hears of the wonderful results obtained from this remedy and the benefits are entirely natural, as It acts on the source and foundation of these ailments, removins; the poisonous catarrh and bile accretions. taktn out the inflammation from the Intestinal tract and assists In rendering the same antiseptic. Sufferers are urged to try one -dose. which alone should relieve your sufferlnpc and convince you that Mayr's Wonderful Ntomnrh Remedy should restore you to Rood health. Put It to a test today the results will be a revelation to you and you win rejoice over your quick recovery and once aeain know th jovs of living. Send for booklet on Stome.ch Ailments to Geo. H Mayr, MfK. Ohemlot, 16 Whiting- Ft., Chlcano: or better still, obtain a bottle from your drua-irlst. The Pltte'mn-irh Agents: The May Drug Co.'s Kins Stores, sad drodKists everywhere. IBt'Dkitso Pbiss to Gazette Times- LONDON, July 12. "I arraign the eov-ernment and men of England for the shocking mismanagement -which makes it possible for women to be employed from 32 to 14 hours a day in order to earn $1.76 a week. The state has tinkered with this terrible problem of sweated labor, but it has failed simply because it has never recognized that the question Is one that must be dealt with by women. It should be borne In mind that 95 per cent of the sweated workers, of this country are women. If the men of England were worth their salt, they would have altered such conditions as these long ago." The speaker was Mrs. Flora Annie Steel, one of Britain's foremost women novelists and social reformers, and she was describing to an audience of thought ful men and women at the Knights- bridge Palace Hotel the wretched lives of the human exhibits gathered by the Wonum Writers' buiirage League and the Men's League for Woman Suffrage to Illustrate the economic argument in favor of votes for women. In th Kilded hotel drawing room, temporarily ntted up as a workshop, from whose windows could be caueht I glimpses of fashionably clad members (of London society as they flashed past ill wniiiase auu iuvlvi vcli , ch u"cn " t eyed, care-worn women were feverishly plying their various trades some of them for a waee of only 2 cents an hour. At one table strewn with artificial flowers sat a frail, gray-haired woman, bent with aching years. She was Mrs. Mary Chisholm, who had come from her little home in Dalston to show how it was possible by working 12 hours a day at top speed sometimes to earn $2 a week. She had been doing this for U years. Supports Blind 11 unhand. "If it weren't that I love the flowers so," she said pathetically, "I'm sure I couldn't have kept on year after year, even though I have a blind husband to care for." She is paid 6 cents a gross for buttercups. "I used to get only a cent and a half a gross for violets, but they don't pay even that now, as they can be imported cheaper from Germany, so I have bad to quit maKing violets, ' she explained Nearby sat another silver-haired worker who for 60 years, since the age of 6, has been making brushes. She is paid at the rate of 12 cents a thousand holes and, although she is one of the most expert women employed at this trade In London, the greatest number of holes she can fill in 12 hours' continuous work Is 3,000. One of the toilers. Mrs. Ellen Abbott a woman with failing eyesight, who for the last four years has supported herself and her four children on a week, told how in her small kitchen in the back streets of Deptford she sews buttonholes for 17 hours out of the 24. For each three dozen buttonholes she is paid cents. There was an aged maker of match boxes who has toiled all her life for an average daily wage of less than 30 cents; a maker of black braid trimming who has to puzzle out the complicated patterns set for her to copy and whose pay is 14 cents a dozen yards, which te.ke eight hours in the making; a woman who makes shoes for other women to dance in at 20 cents a dozen pairs and considers $1 50 a fair week's income; a maker of stuffed dolls who supplies her own ma terials and receives only fl a gross, and a seamstress who makes a dozen blouses In a workday of 12 hours for 60 cents. It was the "Song of the Shirt" revised and brought up to date. To Help Farm Laborers. A determined effort is to be made by the Labor party to secure the passage through Parliament of the agricultural minimum wage bill recently introduced by Oecrge Roberts. Modeled along the lines of the coal mines minimum wage act, it Is designed to ameliorate generally the condition of the lowest paid class of male laborers in England. Few farm laborers receive a wage of more than J5 a week in addition to house rent, and the vast majority are paid little more than half that amount. The latest Board of Trade returns give $4.35 as the average weekly earnings, but labor leaders point out that this figure includes every conceivable extra allowance "in kind," the value of which is estimated by the employer only. A graphic Illustration of the pitiable plight of farm hands In Devonshire, one of the richest agricultural districts in the country, was given the other day in the court at Tiverton, where a number of laborers were being tried for debt. One defendant, who has a wife and three children to support, was receiving only $3.T5 a weok, with a bonus of about J7.50 at harvest time. Two others, each with two children, were earning but $3 each. Another, with a wife and two children, receives $3.25, but has in addition the u.se of a cottage and garden. Roberts' bill provides for the eeneral raising of farm wages throughout the country to a subsistence level by means of the establishment of county boards which shall have authority to fix the rates in their respective Jurisdictions ac cording to local conditions and to regu late tne nours or work. The bill also makes compulsory a half day's holiday per week lor all rarra hands. By means of its domestic economy schools, London is operating a nourishing housewife factory. These institutions, 11 In number, will turn out this summer 500 young women certificated to be model housekeepers and properly qualified, so far as the various domestic arts are concerned, for matrimony. The London County Council, which runs jthe educational system or the capital, .grants a limited number of scholarships each year In the higher grades of the public schools. The idea is not to fit .the g;rls merely for domestic service. but admittedly is to educate them as "home-makers" The course, which Is a year in length, Includes "the principles and processes of cookery, laundry work, home dressmaking, aicedle work and general housewifery." As an adjunct to these training schools a model flat has (recently been fitted up at Shoredltch, wlieiB mo ftii in at a iu i cctk.ict hi lui u during the course. Good Business. Mrs. Rich Why do you pay your maid such awfully high wages? Mrs. Roxe Oh. it pays In the lon run. She never breaks those expensive vases any more for fear we . will take It out at the ad of the month. Boston Transcript, Dresses, Wash Suits, Separate Wash Skirts Lin .on Cnafc Vou must now that in addition to our own large stock WA U111111V1 -wwww T W VtAUW S,AW WM W A W ufacturers to clear their surplus stocks. And that accounts for your being favored, in many instances, with fresh new garments only a day or so out of the makers hands, at about a saving of one half. mer and Another Drop in Prices for Men's Summer Suits All Summer Suits including blacks and blues, have been divided into two groups, and may now be selected for these latest reductions $O50 for Summer Suits originally priced $25, $28, $30 and $32.50. for Summer Suits originally priced $35, $33, $40 and $45. And No Charge for Alterations When Bennett Suits are offered for reductions that get below cost it eeems to us any words relative to the superiority of these suits would avail but little. There are all sizes and all styles, not forgetting plenty of PATCH POCKET SUITS. OUTING TROUSERS HAVE BEEN GIVEN SPECIAL REDUCTIONS. o NE-THIRD NE-TH1RD NE-THIRD Off All Straw Hats (No Reservations) Reduction is for balance of stock. For one-third less you buy former $2 Sennits or former $40 Panamas. Between these extremes straws to conform to all notions and purses. 1,000 Summer Dresses More than half of this number just arrived, including a score of our best selling early styles, bought at a price concession that enables us to offer you clean, crisp Wash Dresses priced this way: $4.85 $6.85 $9.85 for Wash Dresses sold up to $8.00. for Wash Dresses sold up to $10.00. for Wash Dresses sold up to $16-50. $1 9 O r for Wash Dresses I L.OJ sold up to $22.50. $11 or for Wash Dresses I n.OJ sold up to $30.00. Our Finer Wash Dresses including hand-embroidered Voile and Linen models, formerly $39.50 to $115-00, now $24.85 to $75 Clearance All Wash Suits Ratine, Ramie and Linen. Something like 200 Tailored, Trimmed and Combination Suits, all that we have. Among the colors are wistaria, Copenhagen blue, rose, gray, russet, brown, whit and natural. Original Prices, $15.00 to $23-75. Divided into 3 lo:st LOT 1. $7.50 for wash suits up to $15.00. LOT 2. $10-00 for wash splits up to $17.50. LOT 3. $ ) 2-50 for wash suits up to $23.75. Clearance White Wash Skirts The greater part of the stock in the house but a few days. All clean and fresh. All lengths, 37 to 43 inch, waist hands, 22 to 35 inches. 1 Linen Crash, CordeUne and Ratine. $2-50 for Wash Skirts up to $3.75 $3.85 for Wash Skirts up to $5.75. $4.85 for Wash Skirts up to $7.50. Clearance Linen Coats White and natural. Three-quarter and full length. Auto or Tailored Street Coats. Includes WTash Coats, sold up to $11.75. includes Wash Coats, sold up to $13.50. One Lot at $4.85 One Lot at $7.85 CI earance OUmmer JDlOUSes Silk Crepe de Chine, Cotton Crepe Voiles and Mulls. to $7-85 For Blouses that were $4.50 to $12.50. $2-85 Price For Cloth & Silk Suits All Silk and Fancy Trimmed Suits, and 68 Tailored Suits. $25-00 to $125-00 Models are now $12-50 to $62-50 Men's Madras Shirts for Largely Reduced Prices Our Semi-Annual Reduction for Shirts made in our own factory. By the way, we presume youknowr no sliirts are sold in this store except "those We, ourselves, make. These Sliirts are fine. No better Madras Shirts are made, for the very good reason no better can be made. $2-00 Each for our regular $3 50 Madras Shirts. $0.50 Each 3 for our regular $5.00 Madras Shirts. All Our Wash Scarfs, formerly 75c and 50c Now 3 for $1.00 "BEXNETT MEANS BEST" J. G. BENNETT & CO. WOOD and FIFTH SIMPLE LIFE FOR CZAR NICHOLAS Work Is His Chief Recreation and His Pleasures Are but Few. LIKES TO READ TO HIS FAMILY By United Pkkbs to Gazette Times. BERLIN, July 12. When Czar Nicholas II. of KusBla was in Berlin to attend the wedding of Princess Victoria Lulse, the kaiser's only daughter to Prince Ernst August of Cumberland, the public per haps learned more about mm man it knew before, for his imperial majesty waa more on View man is mw wont, oam a high member of his entourage while in Berlin: 'The cza- loves what you Americans call th 'simple life.' Frankness and simplicity are the keynotes of his character, iii the Russian court, so far as his immediate family circle is concerned, the czar leads a life of simplicity ouite different from the reports so often spread abroad of the pomp, ceremonial anu in accessibility surrounding .lira. "He is not the stern despot sitting on the white throne forever condemning nihilists to death or sending political offenders to Siberian exile, but a kindly hearted man. who by his life and hard work sets an example of industrlous-ness for those about him." There is no monarch in the world today of whose real life and character so little is known and who is surrounded with co much secrecy and mystery, as Nicholas Alexandrovitch of the house of Romanoff, Czar of all the Russias. whose population numbers about lWO.Oi'U.OOO. Unlike Emperor Kranz Joseph of Austria, who gets up at the unearthly early hour of 3:30. Czar Nicholas arises et 7 a- m. By 9 he has finished bis breakfast and goes to his cabinet to begin his day's work. He reads such newspapers as have been laid on his desk, with the items that might Interest him, marked. He looks over letters, ministerial communications and documents. He then grlances at the calendar pad on which he has made notes himself with a lead pencil as to what is before him for tiiat day, perhaps adds some or already makes notes of the things that come to his mind for the following day. Official Taliiifj of food. At 10:30 the czar goes for half an hour's walk in the palace park. In which he is often accompanied by his son Alexis, the czarevitch. When he returns there is usually one or more of his ministers to be received. A little later, that is shortly after 1-. comes the "official tasting" of the iood for the imperial table. This is brought to the czar in closed and sealed silver dishes by a member of his body guard The czar lunches at 1 o'clock. Tt Is usually a family meal. Occasionally a member of the Romanoff house or some one from his suite is invited. More often it is tust the little family circle in which Nicholas feels his best. The food is plentiful, but plain and simple. It consists of few courses. His favorite dishes are roast young pig. "borschtscli," the famous Russian creamed vegetable soup, and "blinnv," a kind of pancake. For drinks he prefers "kvas," specially made for him, and a small quantity of Russian champagne. From 2 to 4 o'clock there are audiences, high military officers who have matters to lav before the czar or heads of state and public institutions whom he wishes to consult. If he is not too busy the czar engages in some exercise from 4 to 5. It may be a walk, a horseback ride or if he is at Peterhof. a boat ride. He is verv fond of rowing. At 5 there is "family tea." During this he often reads to the czarina and children, something he is fond of doing. Promptly at 6 he returns to work in hia cabinet until S. when dinner is served. At 10:30 he is again at his desk, where he may remain until midnight or 12:30. If he finishes his work sooner he often spends the time reading to the czarina. He considers that seven hours' sleep is sufficient for Ills needs; four to five hours he devotes to his family, recreation and m"nls and generally 12 to work. The Czar has no secretary in the real sense of the word. Such letters as he writes, and he writes more than is gen erally supposed, he writes himself with a pen. His work if largely that of signing official documents or making notes, scribbling Instructions, comments or requests for more information upon the border of papers laid before him. Every table and chair in his work room is littered with papers and documents. He knows just where to find what he wants and will permit no one to touch them until he has disposed of them. He knows what each document contains and where it is if he has laid it away himself. Nicholas' work room is as plain as that of some third rate bank. He has no use for fine or ornamental writing or onice utensils. Me Keeps a alary. iNot a day goes by that he doesn't make an entry. One peculiarity of the Czar Is that he uses lead pencils down until the stub is bo small that he can hardly hold it, and then he often gives it to Alexis. The Czar abhors extravagance. He is economical to the point of "closeness." Although he has been reported to have the greatest wardrobe in the world, it is a fact that his tailor calls him "stingy" because he wears his clothes so long. The Czar has an antipathy to telephones, lie will not have one in his work room. The telephone is in the room of hia chamberlain and another one close by in that of his aid-de-camp. The children of the Czar are raised with greater simplicity than those of many a family of means among the middle classes, and far stricter. T"ie love of the Czar and Czarina for their young son is touching. The Czar wants the boy with him every moment that he it not occupied with work, while the Czarina has nearly wrecked her own health in her devotion to him. Nicholas is not the weakling that he sometimes Is pictured. That he has courage and determination was shown within the last few weeks during the Scutari and Austrian crisis. Despite the tremendous pressure of the military element, the panslavic party, which is very powerful, and the influence of the grand dukes and relatives in the court of King Nikita, the Czar refused to countenance anything that might lead to war. It was he who finally brought Nikita to his senses. Next to being with his family, hunting is his chief pleasure. This is a picture of the Czar a prejudiced picture perhaps, but one that shows that Czars are made of the urns clay as any other men. WINDSOR SHOPS HIT. Closing of Castle Apartments Hurts Business. LONDON, July 12.-The fact of the state apartments of Windsor Castle being closed to the public is having a serious effect upon the tradespeople of the borough, and the mayor has pleaded on their behalf for the removal of the restrictions. He has received the following from Lord Stamfordham, the king's private secretary: "Dear Mr. Mayor In replv to your letter it is needless for me to say that the king quite appreciates all the serious consequences of the closure of the state apartments. At the same time you are perfectly aware of the reasons for their not being opened as usual. The matter, however, will be again carefully considered with the hope of an early suspension of the present existing restrictions." It is supposed that the reason for the closing of the state apartment lies In the activities of the militant suffragettes. The $5,000 in Gold Street Puzzle Contest Is Now On Try your skill First prize, $1,000 in gold; 338 prizes in all. Order your paper today from your newsdealer or carrier from whom back numbers can be procured. 'Phone Grant 370 or write Circulation Department, Gazette Times, 227 Oliver Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. In case you want either the SUNDAY or DAILY by mail use the following blank: Date.. ........1913. THE PITTSBURGH GAZETTE TIMES KATES BY IV1A.I1 daily sc: One month..... $ .45 , l)urf montoi... l.ttif Fix month....... 1.5. V l.i Enclosed find . . . , Dllars. for which mail me :mjPTHB GAZETTE TIMES DAILY SUNDAY for month. Name . . Postoffice State

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