The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 23, 1954 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, June 23, 1954
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST. ARKANSAS A5JD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 78 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE. ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY. JUNK 23, 1954 TWELVE PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE OCNTg To Fight On Smith Expects Continued Resistance in Three Areas WASHINGTON (AP) — Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith was quoted as telling a White House conference of congressional leaders today that most of Indochina probably will remain free from Communist control. * "They still expect Laos, Cambodia and part of Vietnam to resist communism," a veteran senator, who asked that his name not be used, said in an interview. The senator was one of 30 key I I* • • ' Congress members, both Repub- JnypCfir|3flAlt licans and Democrats, who were • IIfvJIIUUIIVll invited by President Eisenhower to hear a report by Smith on the stalemated conference with the Communists at Geneva on Korea and Indochina. "Undersecretary Smith gave us a detailed report on what went on at Geneva, what is expected of our allies and what the reactions of the Russians appeared, to be," the senator said. Not Hopeless "He gave us the realities but did not regard the situation as hopeless. They had no new plan or proposals but seemed to think things might be more definite after the conference here with Churchill Mundf Opposes Self-investigation By Committees Inquiry Increased Skepticism of Such A Probe, Solon Says WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Mundt (R-SD) said today the McCarthy-Army hearings have strengthened his "skepticism about the wisdom of having a committee investigate itself.'' He emphasized he does not believe any other congressional committee would have developed more facts, or been more thorough than the Senate Investigations subcommittee, over which he presided during the hearings. But he said some other competent committee could have done the job faster, and "found it easier to keep to the pertinent, facts." 36 Days In 36 days of public hearings which ended last Thursday the subcommittee heard misconduct charges and countercharges exchanged by Sen. McCarthy (R- Wis), its regular chairman, and Secretary of the Army Stevens and their aides. I Stevens accused McCarthy and two aides, of exerting improper pressures in seeking Army favors for Pvt. G. Dayid^Schine,. a former . nonsalaried member'~of"th"e subcommittee staff. McCarthy countercharged that Stevens and Army Counselor John G. Adams had tried tried to "blackmail" him into dropping a search for Communists in the Army. Mundt, who cast the only "no" vote when the subcommittee decided to undertake the hearings, said today he still thinks he was right. Some Democrats urged that the inquiry be handled by the Armed Services Committee. McCarthy insisted his own group should handle it; he agreed to step off temporarily as chairman and member. "Cumbersome" Rules Mundt said that since it was investigating its own people, the subcommittee had to work with "too cumbersome" rules permitting all of the accused the right to cross- examine witnesses. He said this made it difficult to stick to central issues, wasted time and burdened the record with a lot of surplus wordage. He said his remarks, made in reply to reporters' questions, were not a reply to a Senate speech yesterday in which Sen McCarran (D-Nev) denounced the hearings. McCarran said they were a spectacle at which "communism grinned and applauded . . . (while); Americanism stood still, frustrated, in horror and amazement." and Eden." Prime Minister Churchill and Foreign Minister Eden of Britain are due here Friday for conferences with President Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles. One House member, also asking not to be named, said he received the impression that the State Department expects France to seek a "truce at any price" in Indochina. He spoke of the tone of Smith's review as "pessimistic." The Guatemala situation was not mentioned, this informant said. Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, told newsmen it was '"'just a review" and that no new policy decisions were set out. Johnson also said he came away with the impression "it is high See INDOCHINA on Page 12 July Quiet Dav Here Merchants, Offices Will Close That Date Blytheville will go all out in observance of Independence Day with the closing of offices and businesses on July 5. In an earlier meeting this year the Merchants Division of the Chamber of Commerce voted to observe July 5 along with three other holidays this year. This includes a majority of the retail merchants. Post office windows will be closed but the lobby will be open during regular hours- Offices in the City Hall plan to close including state revenue office, city clerk's office, chamber of commerce, draft board and Farm Home Administration . County offices in the court house are also planning to close along with the county health unit. Both banks will be closed- Following its custom of long standing, the Courier News also will observe Independence Day, by not publishing on July 5, the Fourth falling on Sunday. TO LEADERSHIP CAMP — This group of 4-H leaders departed yesterday to attend a district 4-H leadership camp at Arkansas State College. They are (first row) Elizabeth Brister, Yarbro; Sara Willingham, Blytheville; Barbara Potter and James Bevill, both of Gosnell; (back row 1 * Sammy West, - Gosnell, and Larry Cnssidy and Sammy Hughes, both of Armorel. Not in picture is Wanda Finch of Leachville. The students are to return Friday. French, Red China Premiers Hold Private Conference on. Indochina BERN, Switzerland (AP) — French Premier Pierre Mendes-France talked for two hours today, with Red China^s Premier Chou En-lai. Mendes-France said afterward the meeting gave turn reason to hope the Geneva conference might produce "happy progress" toward peace in Indochina. Foreign Aid Cuts Unsafe, Ike Says WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower said today airy^cutsjn the administration's proposed $3.,447,700,000 foreign aid program would be "unjustified and unsafe" in the ight of "the continued ruthless drive of Communist imperial- C"-f r> -PrtV Itrrt'T'l r? r-ir\wii ri «"i4-i f\-r\ '' Square Dance Classes to Start At Playground Registration for square dancing classes at Division Street Park begins today, park director Mrs. Lillian Frank said today. Wiring for record player, drink box and movie projector has been Blytheville 1954. arrived here today installed in the park by Arkansas- to compete^ wir ^23 Bother ^ contest- ; Missouri Power Co., she said. Classes will begin as soon as registration is completed, which. Mrs. Frank pointed out, is to be this Local Girl In Arkansas Contest Today SEARCY—Perla Fay Key. Miss sts for world domination. In a special message to congress, . isenhower said in an allusion to | ;he Indochina war: j "Recent events in Souheast Asia! have created grave uncertainty. \ The security of that region and the interests of the United States and its Allies there are clearly endangered. "It is, therefore, critically important that the Congress authorize the appropriation of funds needed to provide military and other assistance to this area and that authority be granted to adjust the use of these funds to rapidly chang- 'ing conditions." Eisenhower's message came as the House Foreign Affairs Committee moved toward a possible final decision on how much should be recommended for foreign aid in the fiscal year beginning July 1. Murray Snyder r assistant White House press secretary, was asked by newsmen whether the President sent today's special messaje to Congress in a move to try to head off possible cuts. Fair Interpretation "I think that is a fair interpretation," Snyder replied. In urging approval of the full amount requested, Eisenhower said the amount he asked in his January budget message represents approximately a 40 per cent reduction over the course of the last two fiscal years. Then he declared: Arkansa ants for the 1954 Miss title. The 18-year-old brownette from Dell accompanied by Miss Bonnie Sheppard of Dell, registered for the state beauty review this morning and with the other title seeker; met the judges for the first time today at a luncheon. First public appearance will be tonight at 7:30 p.m. at the Searcy Ball Park. During a three hour program the contenders will parade before the judges in swim suits and formals. They will also give talent performances. Friday night the girls will be narrowed down to 10 and then to five. The winner will be picked from the five- Inside Today's Courier News Atfer $5 Million, Orioles Arc Still the Browns . . . Little League All-Star-BAHoting Begin* ... Second in Series on Ed Fur- »ol, U. S. Open Champion . . . Sports ... Paff«* <• and 9 ... . , _ Osceola News and Feature . . . Pagre 3 ... . .Ike and GOP Will Be Judged on Their Over-All Record . . . Editorials . . . Page 6 ... . . . Outcome of Guatemala Re« volt Highly Important to U. S.. . . Page 7 ... week. Classes are to be arranged in three age groups of school-age children. Older students who have had experience in square dancing are being encouraged to register and aid in instruction. Ray D. Johnston Dies at Dyess DYESS—Ray Dennison Johnston, 56, died in his sleep around 4 oclock this morning at his home in Dyess. Funeral services are to be conducted at 10 a.m. tomorrow at Dyess Methodist Church by the Rev. W. W. Peterson. Other rites will be in Batesville Methodist Church. Burial will be in Batesville. Survivors include his wife; two sons, Jimmy and Bill, both of Dyess; and one daughter, Mrs. Grant H. Collar, Little Rock. Mr. Johnston was born in Cushman Ark., and at the time of his death was Farm Home Administrator at Dyes*. During World War II, he obtained a leave of absence from his job at Dyess to act as administrator of the Japanese alien camp at Rohr, Ark. He was a Mason, Legionnaire and a Wolrd War I vttcran. "Further reductions in the authorized program at this time, in view of the continuing threat to our national safety, would be unjustified and unsafe." He said "today the continued ruthless drive of Communist imperialists for world domination places an especially high premium on our maintenance of close relations with friendly nations," and added: "We must provide military assistance to some nations .especially to those of strategic military sig- nifiance which are willing to join Pemiscot Votes On Health Tax AH Returns Aren't Expected Until Friday CARTHUERSWILLE — Pemiscot County citizens went to the polls yesterday to vote on a proposed five cent increase in the county health tax. Election returns are still coming in and an official tabulation of the ballots is not expected until Friday, county officers said this morning. A large, majority of the voting was in favor of the additional tax and it is believed by some county officials that the outcome of the election will be for the hike in the health tax. Pemiscot County health unit has been operating on anticipated funds from 1954 collection of taxes since January. Money from the present five cent health tax ran out at that time. The hike in countv health tax would raise the figure to 10 cents tax on the S100 valuation. Since October 1951, Dunklin and Pemiscot counties have operated a • The French Premier received newsmen immediately alter the two leaders had concluded their private conversation. He gave no reason for his optimism. He said; "We have had, Mr. Chou and myself and our collaborators, not a discussion but a completely free conversation on affairs concerning the re-establishment of peace in Indochina. ."ThisL Jpmk conversation gives reason to hope thafc the conference will produce a happy progress." The meeting began this afternoon at the French embassy just a half hour after Chou arrived in the Swiss capital from Geneva, where he has been attending the Indochina peace conference. Mendes-France arrived in Bern early today after an overnight trip from Paris. He spent the morning conferring with leading members of the French delegation to the Geneva Conference in preparation for his meeting with Chou. Chou arrived at the French embassy in a limousine flying the Red Communist Chinese flag. The car was preceded and followed by others bearing members of his delegation. As soon as the cars were inside the grounds of the embassy, an attendant closed the gates. Subject Clear Mendes-France made clear the subject of the meeting would be the war in Indochina. "Indochina is the forefront of my program." the French Premier told reporters before leaving Paris. "That is why I am spending all my time on it." He declined to specify what proposals he would make to Chou, whose government is not openly involved in the Indochina conflict but has been accused by the West See FRENCH on Page 12 U.S. Firmly Opposes New Bid for U N Action Lodge Warns 01 Soviet Conspiracy By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER UNITED NATIONS, N. V CAP) — The United Stales to day firmly opposed Guale ma la's request that the U. N Security Council meet at once to act again on the Centra American fighting. U.S. Delegate Hear y Cubo Lodge Jr., the council presiden: for June, last night warned Guatc mala against becoming a ''cat's paw of the Soviet conspiracy to meddle in the Western Hemis phere." Lodge said the council by a 10-1 vote Sunday had showed "it em phaticnlly believed that the Organ ization of American States was the place to try to settle the Guate malan problem." The Soviet Unioi cast the negative vote, a veto, kill ing 1 the move to refer the issue to the regional organization. Despite the Lodge statement Guatemalan Delegate Eduar do Castillo Arriola delivered a let ter shortly after midnight to U. N Secretary General Dag Hammar skjold formally asking for a coun cil meeting. Castillo Arriola wrote'that in de fiance of the council's cease-fire call voted last Sunday, "the gressive acts have continucc against my country, in the air on sea and on the ground . . . from airfields and centers of operatlor situated outside Guatemalan territory." Qmrgcs Renewed The'letter renewed Guatemala'! charges that neighboring Honduras and Nicaragua were aiding the 'mercenary forces" invading Guatemala, and asked the counci to compel the two countries to "cease all aid or consent for such aggressive acts." The same charges against Hon duras and Nicaragua wll be dip cussed late today by the five-natioi Inter-American Peace Commission in Washington. Hammarskjold was expected to deliver the Guatemalan request foi a council meeting to Lodge sometime today for action. Should Lodge refuse to call a meeting, any of the other 10 council members could force one by asking for it. Other non-Communist delegates on the group, however, showed no disposition last night to act against his opposition. Lodge's statement said since only the Soviets had opposed refer- See U N on Pagre 12 joint health department, sharing top key personnel of both counties. Dunklin voted the maximum 10- cent tax for a 20-year period in 1949. All Blytheville Man Gets9-YeqrTerm PARAGOULD. Ark. (7P)~A Blv- of the county's newspapers i theville man who tried to sell a actively supported the increased levy along with the community health councils. in the common defense effort." waters. Seven Drown in Ireland CARLINGFORD, Northern Ireland UP) — Seven persons drowned last night when a motorboat on a pleasure cruise capsized in rough "money-making machine' 1 to a merchant was sentenced yesterday to nine years imprisonment for grand larceny. Attorneys for the defendant. Barney Payne, indicated they will appeal the conviction. Bond was set at $5,000. Merchant Woodrow Kelly testi- field at Payne's trial that he was defrauded of nearly $3.000 during a demonstration of a devise which Winds Strike Near Joiner Area Is Hit For Third Straight June JOINER—High winds and sudden rains struck near Joiner last night doing some damage. It marked the third consecutive year that the area, four miles north of Joiner, has been hit by June storms. Fortunately, last night's blow, unlike the other two, brought with it no hail. A garage belonging to Gillie Wright was blown away and he lost 500 gallons of gasoline when the i hose on his tank was severed. The to gas spilled out into his yard. Rolph Garey. who lives near Mr. Wright, also lost his garage and had a large barn damaged by the winds. Front porch on a tenant house of Silas Bennett was damaged and telephone and electric service were interrupted as trees blew across lines. In some spots, corn and beans Honauran. Town. Reported Bombed TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (AP) — The Honduran government said last night mystery planes had bombed a town in Honduras. The report touched off speculation that invaded Guatemala may be striking back at the neighbor from whose soil Guatemalan rebels launched their drive against President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman's regime. The Foreign Ministry said the planes bombed the town of Santa Rosa de Copan. key road junction 21 miles from the Guatemalan frontier. The tL-i\se announcement m»de no mention of casualties nor of how many planes made the raid. Guatemala has accused Honduras and Nicaragua of being the bases for land and air "aggression" against her Communist-influenced government. Both countries have challenged Guatemala to prove the charges. Demands Pressed Guatemala pressed demands in New York early today for a second urgent session of the U. N. Security Council, charging Honduras and Nicaragua were continuing to aid the Invaders. Council President Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. of the United States said the Organization of American States, not the U. N., was the forim for action and by pressing appeals to the U. N.. Guatemala could appear a "cat's-paw" for a Soviet conspiracy to meddle in the Western Hemisphere. Col. Carlos Castillo Armas, leader of the anti-Communist Guatemalan forces, moved his headquarters last night from Honduras to Esquipulas, about sfx miles inside the homeland. The insurgent leader said his forces are "not fighting the Guatemalan army or the Guatemalan RED FOE—Rev. Don Marino Rossell y Arellano, 64, archbishop of Guatemala, is considered one of the leading anti- Communists within the Red- tinged Latin American nation. There's mounting speculation concerning his position as anti- JReds battle the government people, only the Communist government" of leftist President Arbenz. 7,500 Evacuated From Des Moines DES MOINES (AP) — Under emergency police orders a precautionary evacuation of 7,500 persons from low-lying areas was completed here today as the Des Moines River rose past the high mark set in 1947's disastrous flood. was supposed to print currency, were flattened by the winds Officials said the total included hundreds of families who voluntarily left, their homes yesterday and last night. About 12 square blocks which were \\Hthout adequate dike protection in the city's southeast bottoms already were flooded. Elsewhere, the levees still were lolding out were under great pres- ure. All threatened areas had been cleared of people except for workers and those still moving out heir possessions. Still Rising The raging river was more than our feet above the 23-foot flood stage and nearly a foot above the 947 high. It still was rising with a crest of 29 to 30 feet due by tomorrow. Volunteer workers and National Guardsmen were doing levee work around the clock and emergency ills were out for more workers. City officials were pessimistic ver whether all the levees would old. They were designed to with- tand a 28-foot crest. Sandbags /ere being hastily placed against he anticipated peak. If the levees give way a fifth of vill be flooded and 3,000 persons will be made homeless. "Nobody knows what will happen," said John Tippee, public works director. Hundreds Homeless Other evacuations were occurring throughout the length oi the city's course and Red Cross officials said hundreds of families were homeless. One evacuation center was nearly filled and two others were being readied. At the north edge of the city, where the river enters Dee Moine*. flood waters closed the Euclid Avenue bridge which carries transcontinental U. S. 6 traffic through Des Moines. Detours were available. Some 40 miles northwest of Des Moines, U. S. 30 was closed west of Boone and traffic was being rerouted. In Des Moines, city officials said they believed sandbagging could keep the levees from being topped. But they were doubtful whether they could stand the continued pounding of the angry waters. Weather ARKANSAS Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday, not much change in temperatures. MISSOURI — Generally fair and warmer this afternoon and tonight; Thursday generally fair, hot and more humid. Maximum yesterday—97. Minimum this morning—74. Sunset today—7:16, Sunrise tomorrow—4:48. Mean temperature (midway between hljjh and low) —85.5. Precipitation last 24 hours to 7:00 a.m today—.03. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—24.54. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—102. Minimum this morning—75. Precipitation January 1 to 30.49. date— Guatemala Revolt—Small War, But a Large Issue By FRED SPARKS NEA Staff Correspondent GUATEMALA CITY — (NEA) — This is a large issue and a small war. The issue is whether a pro- Communist government can successfully maintain power in Central America and influence other Latin American countries. Less armed men are involved than there are in the Chicago police department. Government supporters blame the U. S. alone for the rebellion. One official told me: "Who else could finance such an operation?" Anti-government citizens, looking over their shoulders, say that without foreign Communist help the government would have already fallen, * * * The spirit of the peoplt u apa- thetic. The poorly informed are not concerned with the issue. In the provinces of this tiny country, about as big as Pennsylvania, a largely Indian population is not at all sure what the shooting is about. The people in this capital city are calling this a rumor war. For days the capital was cut off from the conflict, being fought many miles away. They got plenty of rumors and what they heard was hardly calculated to raise real estate values. The government prepared to make a last ditch stand in the capital and, as in all Central American countries, the capital is not only the government seat: it is the heart of the whole country, commercial as well as politi- cal. • • * As the army spread out, watching possible avenues of invasion, the defense of the capital was aided by pro-government union and collectivized farm groups. The mystery was just what they could do and that brought up the greater mystery of what had become of the $10,000.000 in weapons imported from behind the Iron Curtain. I have covered many wars and revolutions and have never known a more nervous one. The 1200 Americans in Guateniit: City are, as are many government people, behind the lines. Every time a car backfires or an Indian sets off a firecracker to some misty pagan spirit, they jump. The government might try to protect, u», but tf UM mob start* to run swinging machetes and firing carbines, What then? » • • The revolution is interfering with everyone's dinner. You get started on a steak when someone pulls a master switch—blackout. There are no protective curtains prepared, and you sit for one hour in the restaurant, dark as the inside of a drawer. Then the lights go on. You nibble a cold mouthful when again - blackout. There are even a few air raids, but compared to World War II, when hundreds of planes were involved, it is like a movie set. There has been little damage in the capital. There is not a single air raid shelter, not n single siren for warning. Being caught on the .street in a blackout i* an experience tbat recalls childhood nightmares. As soon as the lights go out, you back into the nearest doorway. Trigger-happy militia men let fly at every shadow. A sparrow on the wing against the moon is target for a thousand shots. The militia men, many of whom wear black hats but no shoes, fire through any window showing even a lighted cigarette. » * * Most Americans stick close to the hotels. Many tourists were trapped by the cancellation of plane service. They sit in the lobbies all day, swapping rumors, checking life insurance policies. There is little to do. Business houses are closed, gasoline rationed. It is hard to buy even a pencil. Nobody can guess yet how much support the government has Jo to* capital. That will •« an- swered when and if Der Tag arrives, in a swirl of house searches and sabotage and counter attack. The correspondent trying to map the course of conflict is like a man trying to piece together a jigsaw puzzle in a barrel of tar. The government assumes American correspondents to be about as friendly as the water- snakes in the neighboring jungle. They give us little news and deny us permission to go to the front. The Palace, government general headquarters and home of the President, is still open for visitors, but the roof bristles with anti-aircraft guns. In front an occasional jeep whizzes by with steel-helmeted soldiers, but under ttw pleasant trees idle citizens have shoes shined, buy and wU lottery tick-

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