The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 17, 1953 · Page 1
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December 17, 1953

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Thursday, December 17, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 228 Blythevlllft Courier Blytheville Dally Ncwi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Korean Says Some GIs Being Guarded; May Seek Freedom Three or Four Sold Wavering; One of Group is Arkansan By GEORGE McARTIIUR PANMUNJOM (AP) — A South Korean who fled from a pro-Communist prisoner compound said today diehard Red leaders are guarding 3 and perhaps 4 Americans and 20 South Korean POWs who may want to go home. The young soldier said compound leaders deliberately stalled allied explanations to prisoners who refused repatriation because they feared "defections." He named four Americans who might come home if given an opportunity, but the names were witliheld by military authorities to prevent possible reprisals. Par East Command censors later permitted identification of one, Cp). William A. Cowart of Monticello, Ark., on ground of prior publication in the United States. There was no indication that the other names would be released. The South Korean Wednesday crawled through barbed wire surrounding the compound holding prisoners listed as pro-Communist and asked an Indian guard for repatriation. He was returned to the U, N. Command the same day. Officials Skeptical There was some official skepticism over the report of Pfc. Kim Mun Du, a 22-year-old BOK soldier captured by the Beds in the summer of 1951. The Indian Command which guards unrepatriated prisoners in Korea's neutral zone has said all of the Americans and the one British prisoner appear to have firm political convictions. The U. N. Command has said repeatedly it will interview any of the prisoners who will leave the compound. But there are only six days left before the Dec. 24 deadline for talking with prisoners who refused to return home. Allied officers have said there appears to be little hope that interviews with remaining South Koreans and the Americans and Briton will be held before the deadline. The five-nation Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission, of which India is chairman, meets Friday to see if the stalled interviews can be started again. The Indian Command has consistently honored the decisions of prisoners in regard to attending interviews. If captives in the pro- Communist North Camp collectively refuse to attend, the decision will be up to each individual ,an Allied officer said. He will have to crawl through the wire and surrender to an Indian guard or Btay with the Communists. Allied officers had talked to 250 South Koreans before the interviews were broken off. All chose to remain with the Communists. Ordered to Stall The South Korean prisoner interviewed today said the order to stall the explanations before the remaining 77 Koreans were called was made by a 22-year-old Korean who runs the compound. Kim said U. S. Sgt. Richard O. Corden of East Providence, R. I., £se POWs on Page 2 Farm Surplus Is Serious-Benson MEMPHIS (AP) — Secretary ot Agriculture Benson said today the nation faces serious farm surplus problems because "someone miscalculated our production needs." DONATES TO TORNADO VICTIMS — Mrs. Gene McGuire, Blytheville Rt. 3, was one of the first donors to the Vicksburg tornado relief drive yesterday, Emery Francis is shown receiving the clothing at Blytheville Water Co., offices where clothes are being gathered. City's Junior Chamber of Commerce is conducting drive for clothing after Vickstmrg's Jaycees made an appeal to clubs of Arkansas for help. (Courier News Photo) President Meets Top Republican Leaders WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower told GOPJ congressional leaders today the American people "are looking to the Republican party to continue to enact a forward-] looking, progressive program that will serve the welfare of 160 million people." As Eisenhower began the first in taxes." of three days of conferences with :he party leaders on his 1954 legislative program, it was an- lounced; 1. The President will make a itionwfde radio and television address the evening of Jan. 4, reviewing his administration thus far and outlining broadly the 1954 ob- ectives, 2. Eisenhower will personally de- iver his State of the Union mes- >age to Congress on Jan. 7— the day after, the legislators convene. At- bower* day's first session, hv .his "Those are very brave words the President has uttered rmd we Democrats will help him if he actually recommends legislation" to accomplish that goal," Gore said. He added there also will be Democratic support for foreign policy moves. . Senators Schoeppel fjft-Kan) and Williams (R-Del), also interviewed jointly, agreed that the closer the President sticks to the 1952 platform, the better wiJ! be the party's chance, for retr-M^g control of Aviation Marks Half Century of Flight by Nan Special Ceremony Held at Locale of Wrights' Flight By VERN HAUGLAND A Aviation Editor KITTY HAWK, N. C. UB—Avia- tion celebrated its golden anniversary throughout the world today— but especially here at the place of its birth. Old friends of the Wright brothers, early-day flying, students, relatives, Carolina natives who knnw of the inventors, notables of the aviation fraternity, gathered around. Soviet Supreme Court Will Hear Beria Case French Hold - The Eisenhower Cabinet's agriculture member called for cut backs in production of cotton, wheat and other major farm crops in a speech prepared for the 20th annual "Plant to Prosper" farm fovum sponsored by the Memphis Commercial Appeal. Benson himself remained in Washington to attend White House talks on the administration's j954 legislative program. He arranged to have his speech read by Asst. Secretary J. Earl Coke. "Our farm production this year is larger than our markets—domestic and export—will take at prices that are fair to producers," Benson said. "And with farmers* production costs remaining at extremely high levels, it is clear that some cutbacks in . production and some shifts between types of 'production are necessary- Mistake In 1950 Benson praised the ''Plant to Prosper" forum as. a self-help movement of persons "intensely interested in balanced farming, in soil conservation, in gardens for better diets, and in many other aspects of farm and home improvement." He continued: "We must plant to prosper—not to go broke. If we are to prosper, we must adjust our planting to the needs confronting us. "This has great practical mean- 1 ing for your agriculture today here in the Mid-South and South—especially for producers of cotton," he said. The secretary said there had been "a striking shift toward a live-stock and grasslands farming paucrn" in the Memphis area and some other parts of the South. Other cotton areas must do the same, he added. Benson said a mistake had been made in stepping up cotton production in the 1950-51 season after outbreak of the Korean war and that this caused the present cotton surplus. Benson said that although it "is New Chevrolet* To Be Displayed Here Tomorrow The 1954 Chevrolet will go on display at Sullivan-Nelson Chevrolet Co., 301 West Walnut, tomorrow. i Added to the Chevrolet line for the fivst time as optional equipment is the Powerglide automatic transmision, power brakes and electric front seat and window lifts. An eight-passenger station wagon has been added to the Bel Air series, bringing the number of Bel Air body types to five. A utility »sedan has been added to the "One- Fifty" scries. Rcplacfngt he business coupe, It offers 54 cubic feet of storage space. A 125-horsepower engine is vised in all 1954 Powerglide models and the gearshift models have 115- horsopowor rMpi>-"-s. There nre 14 solid and 13 two -, -\c color combinations In the 1954 line. unrealistic and highly unwise," existing laws forced him to fix J954 cotton production at 10 million bales and plantings at just under 18 million acres, a decrease of nearly 30 per cent from the 25 million acres planted this year. He said he will support a plan to increase the 1954 cotton allotment to 21 million acres early in the next session of Congress. Must Adjust "Assuredly, we must adjust cotton acreage," he said. "But there is no sound reason why we should have to curtail acreages so sharply within a single year's time." Benson said the fact is that "we have been growing more cotton than the market \vilV take at reasonable prices." Even if cotlon supplies are reduced, he said, this ''will do nothing ,to regain for cotton and other crops foreign markets that have been lost—nor save domestic markets threatened by competition from cheaper substitute products." Benson said the "three great needs of American agriculture as we search for new and expanded markets are lower costs of farm operations, better quality of farm products, and aggressive methods of improving the whole agricultural marketing system." He said present farm programs "were largely evolved out of depression and war—and not out of the situation such as now confronts us. We must adopt our programs to changing circumstances we must keep pace with progress." Benson promised that the administration would present such a program to the new session, of Congress but he outlined no details. and top White House aides. At the outset, the President told the lawmakers: Responsibility "The American people have vested in the Republican party the responsibility of government. With that responsibility we have a great opportunity to advance the welfare of our country. Now let's go to work." The meeting xvas behind closed doors, but the President's statement was made public by the White House. Eisenhower told the group he had called the meeting to seek the leaders' advice on the legislative program which he will sot out in messages. The budget and economic messages will go to Congress soon after the State of the Union document. "I'm very happy to see you and have your cooperation at this time," the President told the GOP leaders. "We can all look forward to another successful, sound and productive session of congress. I am convinced—as I know you are— that the people of this country are looking to the Republican party to continue to enact a forward-looking, progressive program that will serve the welfare of 160 million people, and I know we shall succeed." Senators Gore (D-Tenn) and Monroncy (D-Okla), interviewed jointly, agreed there would be Democratic support for that part of the GOP platform which said: "Our goal is n balanced bu;igct, a reduced national del)!,, an economical administration and & cut AFB Wants Federal Aid Plan To Stress Crop Salesmanship platform," Williams said. "The people voted for a change and on our promises to cut expenditures, balance the budget and reduce taxes. I believe we can accomplish the goal if we work hard emuigh cutting expenses." ISHisscoMen Are In Inducted Pre-lnducHon Tests Scheduled for Five Men January 4 Eighteen men left today for induction into the armed forces, according to Rcsie M. Saliha, County Draft Board clerk. The call was for 10 men of when eight reported, four transferred to other boards, three reported who had failed to report previously, six volunteered for immediate induction and one transferred from another board. Next call will bo for pre-induction exams for five men Jan. 4. Those leaving today were: Franklin D. Kisner and Kenneth H. Patley, bo!h of Leachvillc; AU- bon R. Walker of Granite City, 111.; C. J. Rabey of Manila; Walter Bennett. Virgil Leroy McGsc; Reginald Eugene Kooncc, Steven Grant j Smith, J. D. Hyde and Ruble j Evans Austin, all of Blytheville; j John Ellis Young of Memphis, ! Tenn.; Roosevelt Holmes, Herbert \ Grodenangc, Jr., Grady Bradford j and Pedro Gonzales, all,of Osceola; Billy Joe Simmons of Etowah; • Franklin Delano Frisbee of Dyess; and Frank Ellis Bourland of Wilson. from Dayton, Ohio, who came to Kitty Hawk in quest of good and steady winds. In the nation's capital, aviation scientists gathered to hear pioneer airplane builder Glenn L. Martin deliver the annual Wright Lecture. Also in Washington,, tonight, President Eisenhower wtll join 1.200 men and women in honoring the Wright memory at a banquet. The National Committee for the 50th Anniversary of Pnwererl Flight said about 1,000 Wright Day luncheons and dinners are being held around the globe. For Kitty Hawk, a shrine to airmen, the armed .services joined in what was planned as the mightiest air show ever staged in memory of the inventors of air power, Schoolchildren, parents, travelers from far places visited the <>0- foot granite Wright monument which looks out over miles of Atlantic seacoast from sandy-smooth Kill Devil Hill. And at the base of the hill, at the spot where the brothers made their famous first flight on another Thursday exactly half a century ago, a flimsy-looking kitolike bi- i plane—built in 1914—wanted to re| enact a bit of history. [ Aviation pioneer W. D. 'Billy) Parker in cap and goggles, proposed, wind permitting to fly his plane over the same 12u feet, of .sand across which the Wright Flyer had flown. Election Today Parliament Votes On Successor To Vincent Auriol By HARVEY HUDSON VERSAILLES,, France (AP) —France's Parliament trekked to the historic old Palace of Versailles today to elect the second President of the fourth French Republic. There were indications it might be a long process. Six candidates were announced to succeed Socialist Vincent Auriol in the seven-year post of great prestige but few real powers. There was a possibility that several others might enler the field, and also that a voting deadlock might produce other compromise choices. Under France's multiparty system, none of the nine factions holds anything like a majority of the 46 seats in the National Assembly and the Council of the Republic (Senate). Since each member htist walk to the rostrum singly to cast his vote, each ballot takes about four hours. Two a day is about the maximum. " Parliament was called to meet in the assembly hall, built in 1811 in tile open courtyard of the palace, 10 miles from Paris. Voting is secret, the winner the first man to get a majority of the votes cast. There are no campaign speeches. Veteran observers expected no decision before the third, or possibly the fourth, vote, Official Candidates These were the announced official candidates: Premier Joseph Laniel. right of center independent: Foreign Minister Georges Biria_!M, bac.,Jd by his Catholic Popular Republican Movement, Socialist Mnrcel Nae- gelen, former governor general of Algeria: independent Jacques Pourcade, a former president of the Assembly of the French Union: Yvon Delbos, former Cabinet minister and member of the (moderate) Radical Socialist party; and Mnrcel Cachin, 84-year-old Communist and the oldest member ot the National Assembly. Those mentioned ns possibilities in case of n d-"\c!lock included former Premier ~enri Queuille, a Radical Socialist; Guston Monnerville, president of Parliament's upper house, and Auriol, who has said he was not a ca.ndidate. . . . Lavrenty Beria . . . After many heads . . . now his own . . . B-29 Crash Kills 17 At Guam GUAM tjft — A homeward-bound B29 Superfort, forced to turn back, by engine trouble, plunged into a military housing area and exploded today, killing 17 persons and injuring 14. The big boinoer dropped out of a stormy sky just short of its goal and smashed a fiery 800-foot path through the Quonset homes of 'U.S. Air Force families. The dead—3 crewmen, 5 military passengers, 6 children, 2 women and 1 Air Force officer. The injured—14 persons including 1 woman. The Air Force Raid two of the injured are in critical condition. Five crewmen and three passengers were rescued from the bla?i- 111S wreckage, No names were announced. Only minutes before the crash the Superfort took off from Anderson Air Force Base here en route to the United States on n routine rotation flight. It carried a crew of 10 and 6 military passengers. Fifty miles out, the pilot radioed that the plane had developed engine trouble and he was turning back. It made one approach to the field but did not land. On the second approach it faltered just short of the runway and ripped into the housing area. The crash occurred during a howling storm which forced the Navy and Air Force to suspend In addition. 253 nonmembcrs of | temporarily the search for a, big have announced Navy weather plane which van(he assembly, their candidacies. The French press calls them "candidates of fantasy." ! The new President will take office Jan. 17. His first duty will be to receive the resignation of Laniel's government, which tradition decrees must resign, and then to seek a premier who can form ^ new cabinet and win Nationri ' t sembly approval of it. Otherwise the president's duties nre largely ceremonial and social. But it is n po.n of great honor. He By OVID MARTIN CHICAGO to—A resolutions committee proposed today that the convention of the American Farm Bureau Federation call for a federal farm-aid program that would stress crop salesmanship as a means of making farmers prosperous. Less dependence than under present programs would be placed on government price supports. The committee said taxpayers would not finance for any extended time price guarantee programs that would provide farmers a satisfactory standard of living. So, the committee declared, farmers and government miisl, join hands to regain lost foreign markets and develop new ones to provide outlets for American agriculture's expanding productive capacity. That means, the committee said, ,he opening of doors to increased mports so that other countries night get Into a position where they could buy more U.S. farm iroducfs. In iv .iluMons to he submitted I to the convention for adoption at today's final session, the policy- drafters said there was a place for "reasonable" price supports and production control programs in helping to stabilize agriculture. But they recommended that present war-born high-level price floors be allowed to expire at the end of 154, at which time flexvle price guarantee provisions of the Farm Act of 1949 are scheduled to go into effect. Present support levels for major j loughs have been approved. Missco Convicts Approved for YuEe Furloughs Thirteen men convicted In Mississippi County Circuit Court— including six serving terms for murder and three for rape — are on a list of stale penitentiary Inmates for whom Christmas fur- crops are at 90 per cent of parity Under the flexible system, supports would vary between 15 and 90 per cent of parity, depending on the size of supplies. In limns of shortage, price floors would be high to encourage production nml ow In times of surpluses to discourage production. The committee proposed—at the behest of some cotton and wheat state delegates—a. change In the 1949 act which would make the flexible price provision Inoperative and put supports at 90 per cent ol parity during the first year growers voted production controls to- lowing a noncontrol year. Rut In Ihe :,\;;-. --dinf; year, the flexible principle would apply. Gov. Cherry approved the list with Penitentiary Superintendent Lee Hensley to make the final decisions on the furloughs. Names, sentences and charges of the Mississippi County convicts nn Iiie list follow: Whiles: Archie Barnes, life years, forgery; Bill Fields, life, rape: Adam Hay, 10 years, grand larceny; IJge McGill, life, rape; I.,eon Ogles, 10 years, murder; Ernest F. Hodges, life, murder. Negroes: Leon C. Brown, life, rape; Harvey Childs, 15 years, robbery; Arthur Sales, 21 years, murder: Johnny Fields, life, murder: Tommy Hlnton. 21 years, robbery; Anthony Thomas, 21 years, murder. ishc-d about 300 miles north of Guam yesterday. The weather plane carried nine men and was tracking the season's fourth typhoon across the a- cific. Crew names were not announced. The B29 destroyed eight houses and damaged six as it ripped through the Air Force housing area. The Air Force estimated damage at $150,000. Ma].' Ralph Shadwell of Bell, Calif., pulled two crewmen from No Trial Dale Set for Former Vice Premier Announcement Of Merkolov's Ouster Is Surprise By RICHARD R. KASISCHKE MOSCOW (AP) — All Soviet newspapers, even Soviet Sport, published today the government's announcement of con- tessions from ex-police boss Lavrenty P. Beria and six associates. Russians immediatedly started guessing when and how the accused men would be tried. The announcement did not dwell on this, [.except to say that a special session of the Supreme Court will handle the case. The most surprising thing to Rus. sians, perhaps, was the disclosure that V. N. Merkulov, minister of state control, had become a codefendant with Beria. Merkulov wos a Beria deputy, and Beria in turn was the leading vice premier of the Soviet Union, under Georgi Malenkov, before his arrest June 26. For 15 years he headed the U. S. S. R. police network, under both Stalin and Malenkov. "Foreign Capital" The government announcement said Beria and his associates aimed at using "the organs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs . . . against the Communist,party and the government of the U.S.S.R.. in the interests of foreign capital . . . to grab power and to liquidate the Soviet worker-peasant regime with a view to restoring capitalism and securinR the domination of the bourgeoisie (middle class)." Beria, who headed the nation's police activities from 1938 until his arrest, Was first deputy prime minister and minister of internal affairs under Malenkov. The internal affairs post controls police, intelligence and related work. The statement said Beria and his associates "admitted their guilt of having committed a number of the most serious state crimes." It declared that the former police boss had been committed for trial on charges of high treason, organizing an anti-Soviet plot and counter-revolutionary work. Others Listed Similar charges were listed n^ainst the six other defendants, identified as: V. N. Merkulov, former minister of state security and long Beria's deputy. V. G. DekanozoV and S. A. Go- Slodze, both former ministers of internal affairs in Georgia, the native republic of both Beria and Joseph Stalin. P. Y. Meshik, a former minister of internal affairs in the Ukraine. L. E. Vlodzimirsky, described as Sec SOVIET on Page 2 lives in the lavish Elysce Palace i the flaming wreckage. He said, "I and gets a salary of four million j was eatins breakfast when I saw francs—$11.428—a year. He uses j the crippled plane a half mile nut. almost all the money for expenses j Then it crashed, sending a ball of of the office. I fire toward the house." Ponticcs for '54 Go on Display Here Tomorrow Featuring a new custom model added to the 1954 line, the new Pontiac will go on di.splny here tomorrow at Noble Gill Pontiac Co., Fifth and Walnut. The SI ar Chief series is the new addition to the Pontiac line. It is: 11 inches longer over-all than the I warcl conc( . 1T , (or the gas chamber that awaits them at midnight. Chieftan series and has a two-inch Greenlease Killers StiSI Outwardly Calm By LEROY HALL And AL DOPKING JEFFERSON- CITY, Mo. (AP) — The Greenlease kidnap-killers spent their last hours today with a few visitors, still showing no out-1 Property Tax Receipt Needed For Car License longer wheelbase, a more powerful engine and deluxe interiors. All 1954 Pontiacs have re-styled grilles and other design changes. The eight-cylinder engines have been increased to 127 horsepower and equipped with a new carburetor and intake manifold. An expanded lino of optional equipment this year includes automatic transmission, power brakes, front seat and window lifts, instrument panel safety elision, power steering and air conditioning. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Hlytheville C.iee Teams In Action Tonight and Tomorrow Nljtht . . . Lcach.villc Opens .New Gym Tomorrow Night . . . Sports ' ' . Pages 8 and !) , . . . . . Billies Is Natural Target In Ills Sensitive .Fob . . . Editorials . . . Page 20 ... ... The Report Card . . . Vewn nf Vmir <Mty ftrhnuls . . . I'agu 17 ... Attorneys for Carl Austin Hnll and Mrs. Bonnie Brown Heady called at the Missouri Prison this morning for last talks with them. ' gamble for quick riches had soured Sec GUEENLEASE on I'i£e 2 Arkansas automobile owners must show a paid receipt for personal property taxes before they will be able to buy 1954 licenses. Arkansas Automobile Dealers Association, through its area chairman. Russell Phillips, is bringing to attention of car owners changes in the automobile title law. "The dealers," Mr. Phillips stated, "are concerned with this law and are interested in seeing that the public is fully informed." Arkansas licenses go on sale Jan.l. Here's what the car owner will | have to present to the local Arkansas Revenue Department office: Personal property tax receipt for 1S52. Copy of assessment of automobile. Last year's "pink slip" (copy of registration) received from Revenue Department. So Mrs Heady's aunt, Nellie Baker of Chicago, Mrs who reared the abductor of little Bobby Greonlease. Mrs. Baker, showing signs of strain, went to death row with Mrs. Heady's attorney, Harold Hull of Maryvlllc, Mo., and Marshall K. Hoaft 1 , an attorney in Hall's boyhood hometown of I'lcasnnton, Kan. HOUR was n longtime friend oi Hall's father, a prominent lawyer there. Earlier /u'img U. S. Marshal William K. T;iliniill Itntl his wife saw Hall and Mrs. Heady in their death cells. Mrs. Tiilmim wlh be the only Woman lo watch their execution shortly after inldlliRllt. Hall's court appointed lawyer, Bov K. Dietrich of Kansas City, r • was nt the prison for a last li. . with the kldnap-klller. Hall showed little remorse for his crime even In his last hours. He hardly mentioned the brutal slaying of Mx'-yr.ir-old Bobby. Ills real regret appeared to bo that his wild Wont Gift Packages Sooner? Here's How To Speed Deliveries Postal officials here today had a final suggestion on how to speed up delivery of Christmas packages. If you din't plan to be at home, especially In the afternoon, make arrangements with a neighbor to accept delivery of pack- HRI'S. This will save at least n day's delivery time, since if an addressee is not at home, the package must be returned to the Post Office and delivery attempted again the next day. Space limitations in the Post Oflice here pose a problem during the Christmas rush, so the speeded-up delivery nlso saves pnslsl workers storage headache. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and cold this afternoon and tonight with lows 20-28 northeast and 28- gs southwest tonight; Friday mostly cloudy and slightly warmer with occasional rain in southwest. MISSOURI — Pair southeast and increasing cloudiness west and north tonight and Friday with occasional light snow extreme norlh- we.st. Maximum yesterday—-10. Minimum yesterday—18. Sunrise tomorrow—T :0l Sunset today—4:5I Precipitation lust 24 hours to 7:00 n. m. tocliiy—none. Mean temperature (midway between htRh and low)—29. Pcrcipltntlon Jan. I to date—-30.14. This Date last Year Maximum yesterday- -M. Minimum ycslcnliiy 27. I'lcclpiUUiou Juminry 1 Vo date— 42,16,

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