PAGE POUR A Weekly Newspaper Founded In 1801. AS SECOND CLASS MATTER December'81, 1908, at the Postofflce at Al- ;«ona, Iowa, under the act of March 2, 1879. TERMS OF SUBSCIUTTION •j[—To Kossuth county postoffices and bordering postofflces at Armstrong, Bode, Brltt, Buffalo Center, Corwith, Cylinder, Elmore, HutcbJns, Llvermore, Ottosen, Rake. Ring• sted, Rodman, Stllson, Weet Bend, and Woden, year »2.00 9—To all other U. S. Postofflces, year $2.50 ALL subscriptions for papers going to points ••within the county and out-of-the-county points named under No. 1 above are considered continuing subscriptions to be discontinued only on notice from subscribers or at publisher's discretion. Subscriptions going to non-county points aot named under No. 1 above will be discontinued without notice one month after expiration of time paid for, if not renewed, but time for payment will be extended if requested In writ- Ing. United States senator, a temporary Injunction forbidding the auditor of state and the treasurer of state to Issue or pay expense warrants to members of the 44th general assembly has been served, it is reported that both the Ottumwa and Polk county suits will be heard In district court in September. The foregoing gives our readers a complete summary of the law and the facts to date. It will be well to take Into account that nothing has yet been decided finally. If an appeal is taken In the Carroll county case Judge HUtchinson's opinion may be overruled. In the Polk county case the fact that a temporary Injunction has been issued means nothing as regards the merits of the suit till the case Is heard in court, where the decision may be adverse to the plaintiff, In which case the injunction will be dissolved. Topics of the Times IN THIS DEPRESSION HISTOBT IS REPEATING ITSELF [Hampton Chronicle.] The Sac City Sun, whose editor, Ben J. Prucss, Is evidently old enouph to have a long memory, lias been dlfrg'IiiK' Into the* newspaper files and finds some Interesting Items concerning the business depressions of other years. The Sun believes, as do a lot of other people, that tills present depression, while a bad one, will be over In due time, and that we shall be on the road to our old time prosperity. Here are a few Interesting headlines and sidelines from the Sun which one may appreciate at this time: New York Central Falls to Earn Dividend; Deficit of $2,411,502 for Six Months Heavy Selling- In United States Steel; Directors Admit Falling' Off of New Business. Rumor Southern Pacific AVIH Not ray Dividend. The above arc newspaper headlines not 'rom today, but from August, 1907, following he panic of that year. In the summer of. .1907 the country was deep In the lilacs.' Hdre 'are newspaper headlines of that time; ,. .. •>••• Stocks Continue- Downward Fringe. Wall Street Believes Financial Chaos Near. „.« Only Shortness of Day 'Breyents . Panic on, Exchange, Scared Brokers May Appeal to Roosevelt. Whole World Fast Turning to Socialism. Call Money New Low at 2>A%. Bear Raid; Northern Pacific Falls Eight Points. Street Bears Attack Union Pacific; Corn Products Down to l(i. No Faith In the President. Headlines like this almost fit the conditions today—almost, but not quite, because they depict a more startling and critical state of affairs than the year 1981 has yet brought about. There Is little to be gained In referring to headlines of this nature except to prove that there was a time, just 21 years ago, when the country seemed to bo In worse shape than It Is today. Since 1904 America has enjoyed some of Its greatest prosperity." Every cycle of depression has been followed by corresponding periods of good times. The same thing Is sure to happen after the buyers' strike ends and people who can afford to spend go to spending' Jigaln, The German republic Is now 12 years old. The change in.form of government begins to take on the aspect of permanency, and restoration hopes, if any, of the Hohenzollerns are rapidly dimming. It's a good thing for the peace of the world. The atmosphere of a republic Is seldom healthy for sabre-rattlers. Clifford Nlles, late highway commission chairman, reactionary power In Iowa politics, is suggested as candidate against Brookhart or Turner. But that's all it is, a suggestion. Clifford is too wise a-politician to fall for it. Angry because the Kansas City Star assailed his business policies, Henry L. Doherty has not only sued for $12,000,000 libel damages, but has bought a rival newspaper with the intention of putting the Star out of business. Evidently Mr Doherty didn't learn a thing from his experiences In re Teapot Dome and Albert B. Fall. The Sioux City Journal regards Wilson as both a great president and a great man; ditto Cleveand, and ditto Hoover. Agreed, Most of our presidents have been great men. No matter whether they are in .fact or no, we Americans make them so. We have even made a great man out of a weazened Vermbnter. Our presidents must be heroes, and.nothing pains us like Harding for whom we must feel apologetic. The new head of the national Farm Bureau urges another fight for the equalization fee Opinions may differ, r but that looks like, a defi nitely lost cause.•: The American people do no often BO back to "isms" I'bnce laid aside. Lik the guaranty of bank deposits, the equalization fee now belongs In the limbo of the forgotten past. ';.': Governor Turner's economy program begins to show results. It is announced that the state levy for next year will be nine mills as compared with 11 this year. As a further result of the governor's program, local levies will also be cut everywhere. Governor Turner is making good on his campaign promises. The Colyam Let's Net Be too D— 4 Serlbui GILL-NETTING TO RID OKOBOJIS OF CARP IS OPPOSED S L. J. DICKINSON a United States senator -or just a United States senator-elect? The Reaf Seat submitted this moot question to David W. Stewart. The former United States senator made fine distinction which The Rear Seat trtiste may be clearer to its readers than It ,1s to The Rear Seat. He,,said that,, by virtue of the cer- .iflcate of election issued by the state of Iowa and forwarded to Washington, D, C., Mr. Dlck- nson now holds the office of United States senator but that he will not become a member of the body itself—the United States senate—until ic has been accepted by the senate and taken the oath of office. In answer to the specific question whether Mr. Dickinson is a senator or a senator-elect, Mr. Stewart said he was a senator-elect. Still Mr. Dickinson went on the senate pay roll March 4, 1931 and each month gets his senatorial pay check—one-twelfth of the annual salary of $10,000 (the same as he had been drawing as a member of the house of representatives).—John W. Carey In Rear Seat, Sioux City Journal. Well, Jawn, we walked from our house over to Dick's—just eater-corners, across the street Jawn—and showed him that, and' Dick said the certificate of election and the pay-check were good enough evidence for him, Jawn, but he-entertains-no objections to discussion of the question as a hot weather diversion. We suggest however, an adjacent question, Jawn, to-wit: II he Is only a Senator elect, (1) is Dan Steck sti senator, or, if npt, (2) Is there at.present an Interregnum In the office of junior. Senator from Iowa? Let us hear from Dave on that, Jawn. From an Admirer of the Flapper. —How glad we Colyum fans were to hear from the Flapper in domestic life! What a way she ha", of meeting the difficulties of existence with a joke! Evidently she Is gifted with a lof of the common sense which enables one to enjo; life. Too bad, though, about the canned cherries which made a noise like a still. Better luck nex time. —FARMER'S WIFE. THE MOST COMMON ERROR in writing o printing the words of the English language i transposition, and we notice John W. Carey conductor of "The Rear Seat" column of th Sioux City Journal, says'" that the' word "mar tal" is more subject to transposition than an; other word. You are right, John, and as an evl dence of the besetting sin In high circles we re Opinions of the Editors This story Is reprinted from the Esthertfllle.Dally News. Arnold's Park, Aug. 1 — Saying hat the present normal and natural mppty of fish In the lakes •'can not be maintained ; with the presence of ixcessive numbers of carp, and recommending that the carp be removed by gill netting through the ice next winter, Dennis H. Qoeders, Al» gbna, member of the state fish and •ame commission, addressed the annual meeting of the Okobojl Protective association yesterday at the Miller's Bay hotel. Members of the protective association, as In a previous battle to stop gill-netting, maintained that such lishlng destroys, large game fish and Lhat large quantities of buffalo are taken from the lake., They also declared that' In recent months the commission has been obliged to discontinue seining of lakes because such seining /destroys vegetation on the bottoms of beaches. The commission, through Mr. association ,ih' gl In ,ah ««6ft ttt-cleat*'the lake \of them. He promised thai stfch flan- Ing would'be dffine under' complete suuerviflldrt and with th'e least possible danger to gam6 fish and buffalo. /" The association, , through , Its spokesman, Judge Charles S. Brad' shaW, Des Moines, maintained that the fishing Is the best In years and has steadily improved aince , glll^ netting 'was stopped. The association refused to give Its support to the commission. / Dr. W. C. Boone, Ottumwa, chairman of the commission, also spoke briefly, telling of the work which Is being done 'in research concern- Ing algae In the lakes. He said ,the gill-netting was hot based on any scheme of commercial fishing. Also In attendance were W. E. Alberts, of Lansing, executive director of the fish and glhie commission, and W. E. O. SaUnders, Bm- metsburg, chairman of the state board of conservation. .At the meeting the president, Judge Bradshaw, and five directors were re-elected i S. P. Oldfleld, Mitchellvill'e; W. A. Maurer, Council Bluffs; Dr. TV C. Smith, West pko- bojl; E. N.iBadgerow, Splr.lt Lake; and Dr. Walter Mendenhall, Boston, Mass. . ' . VISITS ALGONA jbntt;L. .Tiaiick, of the drake university, of DCS Moifiefl, department of per- sohiiel, was here Tuesday, interviewing prospective college! freshm'en, He had a list of this year's Algona high school graduates, and it might'Interest'them to learn that the names of the better students Were checked. Though Drake i is a 'well krio#n school, ranks high, and. Is conveniently 'located, Mr.-Tidrlck could cite only three Algdhians as former Drakes—Ruth Hutchison, J. A. , McDonald, and W. C. Dewel. Mr. Tldrick, who is in the law college, is a student counsellor of the university. I Serving Ten Days. •William HedrJck, Lu Verne, •brought to Algona last Thursday to aefveita 10-day Sentence on a drunk- enneato charge,' Me was sentenced by Mayefr Gerirlch. ... .,-.. ' the colleg dents will curtailed times, s lowan have been efit of ( besides there well are known school to college, ent coll( men fc se l v ^ ou tofth e . labor market. Marked i ies of the lowan contain the appeals were sent 3 number of Algonian? ' be Her THE JjAW.ASD THE FACTS RELATIVE TO THE SALARY GRAB. The constitution of Iowa, Art. Ill, Sec. 25, reads as follows: Each member of the first General Assembly under this Constitution shall receive three dollars per diem while in session; and the further sum of three dollars for every twenty miles traveled, in .going to or returning from the place •where such session is held, by the nearest traveled route; after which they shall receive such compensation as Is fixed by law; but no General ••---- the It's a Long Lane With No Turning:. Spencer News-Herald—We can't always go clown hill without some day having to go up hil! again. AVe refer to the present depression Folks who are pessimistic now, who have no hope and see no hopeful sign, are just like the folks in the good old days following the war who saw no end to the good times then. There's Something Wrong Here Soiuewherc. Traer Star-Clipper—Pears sell for $20 a. ton out in Oregon- where Will Laad lives. In Iowa they bring fiye cents each If you want only one. But that isn't much more remarkable than this: The Iowa Falls Citizen says roasting ears sell at 25c a dozen in that city, while in Kansas City they bring $1 a dozen. Here in Traer the finest roasting ears have been selling at lOc a dozen. Hut Cal "Won't Have the Chance. Albia News—On the supposition that Hoover can't be elected again, a suggestion crops out from obscure sources thdt Coolidge is the man to win and pull the nation out of the slough of despond. If so, he must have developed that qualification very recently. Contrast Between Optimist and Pessimist. Eldora Herald-Ledger—Reading Senator Dickinson's article in praise of Iowa In the Review of spectfully refer you to the Code of Iowa, 192 where, in the fore pages of the work, devoted t printing the constitution of the state—we still have a constitution, though many appear to have forgotten that fact—the word "marital" Is changed to "martial." And, John, It appears to be almost a joke that Editor Whitney has perpetrated In permitting this error to escape his eagle eye, for the transposition Is so pat that it is bound to tickle your risibilities. It is the par^ agraph relating to "marital relations of man and wife."—Plain Talk, Des Moines. In the transportation line "martial" for "marital," and vice versa, may hold first place, but for confusion.of words we nominate "immorality" for "immortality." Probably not -a day goes by when some publication in the United States j does not spring this error. In fact It appeared | on the Journal's editorial page at about tne .. time Mr. Carey prepared his comment on "martial" for "marital"—see Odd Mclntyre's New York Day by Day, Jawn; or was it Stewart's Washington letter? Double-Thatters Club In Action. The report further shows that in each case where the bank borrowed money that it .was required to deposit security in the amount of $2.00 for every dollar borrowed. — Busted Belmond bank story in Clarion Monitor. Why is it that whenever someone suggests that taxes ought to tie equalized in accordance with the ability to pay that the tax evaders always set up the cry that It is proposed to "confiscate" their property?—M. L. Curtis in Knoxville Journal. The publisher realizes that should the board cut out a lot of unnecessary help at the courthouse that some would be compelled to seek other work.—Editorial by Bob Sherwood in Parkersburg Eclipse. Assembly shall have power to increase compensation of its own members. This section, it will be noted, fixed the compensation and mileage for the first session only, leaving the rates for subsequent sessions to be fixed by law. The law appears in Sec, 14, Chapter II, of the Code, as follows: The compensation of the members of the general assembly, except the speaker, shall be: To every member, for each full regular session, one thousand dollars ' . . . ; and in going to and returning from the place where the general assembly is held, five cents per mile. This was the constitution and the law as it stood when the 43rd general assembly convened In January, 1929. It will be noted that there is no mention of expenses other than mileage. Apparently it was taken for granted that members would pay their own expenses, except for transportation, but whether the compensation was to be construed as inclusive of v such expenses was not expressly stated. There is no express prohibition against payment of expenses. The matter simply was not touched upon specifically. lloom was thus left for interpretation of "compensation" as having no bearing on expenses and therefore non-inclusive, thereof, and under this interpretation it would follow that the legislature, since it possesses all powers not constitutionally prohibited, could at any time supplement the payment of transportation expenses by providing for the payment of other expenses also. "Whether this was the legislative view or not, the 43rd general assembly, having in view the great rise in the cost of living in recent years, passed the following law: Each member of the general assembly and the lieutenant governor shall be paid his actual necessary expenses incurred while in attendance at a session of the legislature, which shall in no case exceed $500 . . . The members of the 43rd general assembly, including the lieutenant governor, shall be entitled to the benefits thereof. This is what has become known as the "salary grab" law, and our readers do not need to be •told what a furore it has raised throughout the state. The subject is of renewed interest at this time because In a suit in Carroll county to test ;the constitutionality of the law Judge M. E. Hutchinson has just rendered an opinion holding •the law Invalid. The material paragraph of this ruling follows: The court finds that the act in question, inso- Jar as members of the 43rd general assembly are concerned, and insofar as it was made applipable to their increase of payment for designated expenses in attendance at such session of the legislature, violated the constitution of the state because the act was designed to and by indlrec tion did increase the compensation of members of the general assembly enacting the law. It will be seen that Judge Hutchlnson limit: bis ruling to members of the 43rd general assem Ibly and rests his decision on the constitutiona provision above quoted, that no general assem Uly shall have power to Increase the compensa tlon of its own members. Apparently he con cedes the right of the legislature to enact a. lav for the payment of expenses provided it doe not apply to members of the Immediate enacting tody. The ruling thus squarely raises the ques lion above considered relative to the precis meaning of "compensation," and this cannot b •considered as settled till the supreme court ha spoken. It is understood that an appeal will b taken. Two other cases involving the so-called "sal wry grab" are in court. At Ottumwa Senate J5hane and Representative Simmer are defend •jpits In suits brought to compel return of ex »wse money .jjaid Jo them, and In Polk county *t tfce Instance of 'George Qauarno, repreaentet fcy Howard j. ciaflc, 8 ojwetJnie candidate to Reviews, we are reminded of the contrast in his utterances and those of Brookhart. How to Overcome the Depression. Hampton Chronicle—Put the prices of farm products up where they belong and the unemployment question will be settled in no time. When the farmers prosper the world steps right long. Here, Tom; Chew on This a While. Knoxville Journal—Tom Purcell in his Hamp- on Chronicle insists that "the consumer always ays the taxes." Wonder if he thinks the con- umer of 30 cents a bushel wheat pays the pro- ucer's taxes. Of course not. Like all othei eneraliaztions, .the "consumer pays the tax' ule is subject tb many exceptions. In fact 11 nay be asserted that the only place it holds ood is whore' the seller or producer is able to ictate the selling price. Why the People Resented the Salary Grab [Albia Union-Republican.] Insofar as it had'reference to the members of he 43rd general assembly, the nefarious "salary rab" bill has finally been found unconstitutional. n a ruling made Saturday by Judge M. E. Hutchinson, of Carroll county, he declared that he bill violated the constitution because it in- reased the compensation of the members of the assembly enacting the law. The case will now go to the Iowa supreme :ourt. If the district court is sustained there it vill follow that the members of the 43rd general assembly profiting from the salary increase will obViged to refund to the state the money col- ected for "expenses" during that session of the egislature. That should generally satisfy Iowa people. The real objection to the'bill, as we under- tand the situation, was not particularly in the act that it increased the compensation of the tate legislators. The session salary was not exorbitant and it has long been the feeling of many substantial people in the state that the tone of the Iowa legislature could be improved jy more liberality in the matter of financia emolument. The objections were raised rather to the manner in which the bill was passed. It had every evidence of political chicanery. The statute provides that a sitting legislature cannot increase the salaries of its members lor the current session. Instead of the 43rd general assem bly passing a bill which would cover the salary deficiency for the 44th general assembly, it pro ceeded to concoct the "expense"'scheme whereby its own members were granted the $500 increase Voters generally were not hoodwinked by thl bit of political wantonness, however, and th casualties among the members of the 43rd gen eral assembly seeking reelection last fall wer many. Those of the "grabbers" who were re turned, In many cases, got through by the "ski of their teeth." Their ultimate removal from legislative activities in the state is certain, an the next election will probably see the rest o them staying at home to ponder their • political iniquities. As far as the repeal of the bill is concerned, it is our guess that this will not occur soon. We don't believe there is any question of the constitutionality of the bill as it relates to succeeding legislatures, and it will be rather difficult to find a majority in any assembly who will cheerfully vote away f 5QO aptece. Another Tribute to George II. Free. [W. C. Jarnagin in Storm Lake Register.] It is a strange coincidence that George H. Free, of Algona, for many years a railway mall clerk, should have met his death in an automobile accident on the public highway. In years past the men who worked the mails on railroad trains were considered to be pursuing a more or less dangerous occupation. In wrecks they were, or rather are, located so close to the locomotive that their position was believed to be extremely precarious. Many a postal clerk has given his life through railroad accidents. But nowadays railroad accidents are very few. On the other hand, automobile fatalities are mounting at an astounding and alarming figure. And the fact that George Free could.serve as a railway postal clerk for years without injury only to have his back broken In an automobile reck is but an indication of comparative dang- rs nowadays. Free was very well known in newspaper dries. Although not a newspaper man, he had a acuity for writing poetry just for the fun of it, nd his poems found their way into print fre- uently. He, had a. droll style that appealed to he human interest side of newspaper readers. He will be missed; particularly in northern owa, where his writings were most frequently rinted and consequently better known. HERE WE HAD been regarding the slang hrase, "It'll be just too bad," as ultra-modern, ike "I'll say!" and other banalities of supposed- y up-to-date expression; but' along comes a 21- Year-Ago paragraph in the Livermore Gazette eferring to an anti-spitting on the sidewalk ampaign and saying that if the town constable ees someone expectorating on forbidden terri- ory "it will "be just too bad!" And an ancient guy like Editor Miller getting It off too. Just low modern is some of our modern slang any- vay?. ROBERT J. GOODSELL, publisher of the Fairmont Advocate, and Jean Perry, of Nashua, were united in marriage at Nashua. Mr. Good- eeir worked on the Minneapolis Journal before juying the Advocate.—Newspaper Shop Talk in Slpux City Journal. The name Goodsell always stirs this writer's recollection of a newspaper episode of 1890 or :hereabouts. Guy Fawkes or Foulkea (memory of that name is dimming) had risen from tele- ;raph operator to editor of the Cedar Rapids Gazette. Able he was, but his early training had endpwed him with a fund of rough language which he knew how to use on occasion. One day a lurid dispatch concerning a murder at Rolfe or somewhere In that neighborhood, came in and the Gazette fell for it. For two or three days the Gazette played up the story on the front page. Then it was dropped as news, but on the editorial page appeared some of the mos vitriolic editorials ever published in Iowa. I ever a man was skinned alive in a newspaper it was the unknown who had sent the murde: stories—under the name of Adam Goodsell! CHIC SALE recently underwent an operation at a- Santa Barbara hospital. No, it was stomach trouble.—Old Bill Casey in Knoxvill Express. 'Sounds like a dirty crack, tout too deep for us Let's see, was it that fellow who wrote Th House by the S|de of the Road? IT IS ALWAYS amazing and entertaining t hear the Don Juan [Senator Brookhart] asaa Wall street and hurl his mighty spears into th administration.—Soo City Trib editorial quote in Mason City Globe-Gazette. ' Y Well, 'tis a matter of record (see Cervantes unexpurgated edition) that Don Quixote 4 even if somewhat Inadvertently, play the part Don Juan one dark night. ,-• i r» Final August CLEAN-UP-SALE on all Summer Needs -•'"".. / ' ,':' •• . -. '• ;. ; ..""-.* = " • ._. if ''••'.'" .-,"', ,'..•• * In order to quickly dispose of our stocks of summer needs we have slashed prices to where you can finish the next few weeks of summer with new things to wear at unbelievably low prices. COATS! COATS! GOATS! YOU CAN HAVE A NEW FALL COAT AT SO LITTLE COST THAT YOU WON'T WANT TO BE WITHOUT ONE Values to $15.00 Values to $20.00 $9 Values to $29.00 $14 $3.00 SILK DRESSES In Values to $10.00 $3.00 I $5.00 SILK DRESSES In Values to $15.00 $5.00 $8.00 SILK DRESSES In Values to $24.50 $8.00 ; Bathing Suits You may choose from entire stock of styles bathing suits for just £ Price new Knitted Dresses The popular wool Jtnit dresses and 3-piece suits in white an£ colors for just i Price Voile Dresses Read this: Every summer voile dress in our stock for just ^ Price ChildrenV Sox You may choose from our entire stock of children's BOX at just i Price Undergarments A large table filled with dainty summer undergarments at just i Price Corsets, Combinett* and. brassieres Q| the Modftrt and Nature Rival quality at just i Price FREE-WASH GOODS AND S UK S-FREE wwh toW^ifc^^ *»fato : * yardo of beautiful ,ilk. an4 Tt St mo?t wuimal p*"" 9 "* "^ Jf ^^ f flWci * Q ** f ° W °* »Y a yard and we give ^Q» a ya*4 of 9*fld A Yard Free With Every Yar4 You Buy ^•^•••ima—i^^^z: Christensen 1 'Al*im»'i Gre»t f .* store"
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