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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MIS6OURH VOL. L—NO. 78 Blytheville Courier Blytheville DaUy Newi Mlsslesipp: Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY ,11'XK 22. 1954 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIV1 dNTi Strict Crop Control Plan In Offing By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON (AP) — The federal government plans to swing the weight of its multibillion-dollar farm price support program next year behind a drive to enforce perhaps the "strictest crop controls ever. Secretary of Agriculture Benson so characterized the controls which he announced yesterday in a move to reduce overall agricultural production and avert further surpluses of the type which have tied up 6 : 2 billion dollars of federal funds. Under the new system, a farmer will not be eligible for price support aid on any crop unless he abides by controls on all individual cash crops he raises. Farmers have leaned heavily on price supports the past two years. One-Eighth Reduction The new program is designed to reduce total plantings by about 40 million acres, or one-eighth, below 1953. Controls are in effect this year Downtown Joiner Hit Again, by Big Blaze As Fire Jinx Continues JOINER — This south Mississippi County town once again fought a major fire in its downtown area early this morning when flames racked a cafe, service station and home. Observers estimated, unofficially, at least §20,000 in damage. FIRE DAMAGE AT JOINER — A portion of the damage done by an early morning fire at Joiner is shown in ihe above photograph. Wilson and Joiner firemen battled to save the adjoining structure from flames which threatened the downtown area. Des Moines Girds For Greatest Flood For any other town it would be just another fire. For Joiner, it underscores a situation which is stretching the bounds of conscience. Here's a brief rundown on. fires in or near Joiner in recent years: 1947-48—Four major fires, most of which could easily have destroyed the town, including oiv SIOO'.OOO blaze. 1950—School gymnasium destroyed by fire. 1953—Two Christmas fires resulting in about $800 damages. Grocery at Chelford, near Joiner, destroyed. Whitten school, also near Joiner, destroyed. I School Hit Hard j In addition, a major portion S of the Shawnee school burned about five years ago and. also in the past few years, the superintendent's home on the school campus was destroyed by fire. Last night's flames threatened the entire downtown section of Joiner and help from the Wilson Fire Department aided in preventing spreading of the blaze. Joiner Fire'Chief Charley Brad- and Den ton Lee of Memphis. Fire evidently started in the Coffee Shop, which was vacant at the time- The nearby hotel wasn't damaged by tire, but sustained smoke and water damage. Mr. Demon's garage was also destroyed by 1'nv, though he re• moved his automobile. -, Furniture was removed from the > ;Jotel into the street while the /vxt door blaze was being fouRht. Churchill Said Ready to Join SE Asian Alliance DBS MOINES (AP) — Iowa's Capital City braced itself today j shaw called in the Wilson depart- on wheat, cotton, corn, peanuts j for the greatest Des Moines river flood in history. * i ment as an insurance factor. By and some other crops. But a from Efforts of city workers were Boone and Webster City areas farmer who diverted land the production of wheat, for example, could use it to grow other surplus or non-surplus crops without losing price support aid on his main crop. Thus some wheat land was put to corn, although corn farmers themselves had been asked to cut production. The effect, Benson said, was to enable farmers to "shift the surpluses" from one set of crops to centered on a new levee system I were battling all-time flood stages. which protects much of the cen- J Boone itself was not in danger ' but guardsmen and volunteers fought a battle or sandbags as the river rose to 24.5 feet at the waterworks outside town, this was near- (See picture on page 10.) tral area of the city north of the downtown business district. The river is expected to rise Jate tomorrow to a crest one to two feet higher than the June. 1947 ly five feet over the all-time record. U. S. Highway 30 was closed just west of Boone by flood waters but east-west routes across Iowa south another. Planting surveys indicate flood which broke through levees j O f Boone, including U. S. 6, were that much of the land diverted in j and flooded a wide area. The j open. And nearly all main north- \ Amusement 1954 from wheat and cotton is being used to produce what may turn out to be excessive supplies of soybeans, flaxseed, oats, rye, barley, grain sorghums, dry beans, and vegetables. Allotment Planned In"1955. the department plans to issue individual plating allotments for wheat, cotton, corn, tobacco, i peanuts and sugar crops. A'farmer j must comply with all such allot- j ments that may, be assigned to him I or lose all price support loans. In addition, fanners asked to reduce plantings of these allotment crops by more than 10 acres in al will be given "total acreage allotments" "for their cash crops. To get price support aid, they must stay within these total allotments and also comply with all individual crop allotments. This requirement is designed to prevent increases in 1955 acreages of such non-allotment crops as soybeans, flaxseed, oats, rye, barley, grain sorghums, potatoes, dry beans and vegetables above the 1953 levels. Thus, many farmers would be under pressure to cut back, on some of these latter crops as well as the allotment crops. With a forecast of fair weather as the main cheerful note, the crises eased at Sioux City, Mason City and Fort Dodge. But the Cooksey Child Condition Good Thelma Cooksey. 11, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Olen Cooksey of Blytheville, Route 1, is in Chickasawba Hospital this morning for treatment of injuries received when she was struck by an automobile yesterday evening on the Number stream cuts through the heart of i SOU th routes were open, some with Des Moines. detours. At Sioux City, the Floyd river crested for a second time and all levees held. At Fort Dodge, waters were falling. | Many of the 1.000 Iowa families made homeless by flood conditions the last four days were returning' home but new evacuations were occurring-'""at" downstream points. The de:vh toll still stood at: one but crop and property losses ran to many millions. At Sioux City a crest two feet Cotton Boll Found West of Big Lake Close on the heels of a reported cotton bloom from the Gosnell area, came notification from West of the Lake that the first cotton boll of that area had been sighted. The boll was found on the G. G. • Caudill farm at Milligan Ridge. The cotton, Delfos, was planted April 1 and didn't suffer from cold weather though it was on light land. It is partially protected. Reporting a bloom west of Gosnell was George Hamilton who spied it on land being rented by Robert A. Brown. the time Chief Bradshaw's men got on the job. flames in the three buildings were pretty well out of hand. Saved Hotel They concentrated their efforts mainly on saving an adjoining structure—a bus station, hotel and cafe owned by Rollie Deatou. It was Mr. Don ton who first smelled smoke about 1 a.m. today. Practically destroyed were the Coffee Shop, owned by Day Co., of Blytheville. and a vacant service station and a house owned by Mrs. J. T. Lee CAA Officials In Meet Here They're Pressing For Joint Use of Air Base Mayor E. R. Jackson. City Attorney Elbert Johnson and civilian fly- Britain to Agree To Pact at End Of Geneva Talks LONDON M — Prime Minister Churchill is now ready to commit Britain to join the proposed southeast Asian defense alliance against Communism after the Geneva conference ends, an authoritative source saici today. Churchill's Cabinet, which met this morning, was understood to have approved such a commitment during Churchill's conferences in Washington this coming weekend with President Eisenhower. Thiis far the British have agreed merely to examine the desirability of .setting up the contemplated Southeast Asian Treaty Orpnni?.a- Uon, a military alliance- Unking the West with non-Communist countries in Asia, That agreement, was reached when U. S. Secretary of State In Guatemala Fighting Victory Claims Made by Both Reds, Rebels By SAM SUMMERLIN TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (AP) — Government and rebel forces trumpeted rival victory claims today in the four-day-old battle for Guatemala. Both sides appeared to be mobilizing for a major fight over the key rail town of Zacapa. President, Jacobo Arbenz Guz- num's Communist-backed government, claimed a success for * its nnned forces nt Gualan, east of ".acapa about 20 miles iaside Guatemala, It said the rebels were run out of town after a brief skirmish, but. mentioned no casualties. The "liberation radio" speaking: for the anti-Red invasion forces of exiled Guatemalan leader Col. Carlos Castillo Armas claimed the rebels held 25 towns in Guatemala. Associated Press dispatches from Guntfmala city snid Arbenz' troops were mn.ssinR In the area of Zacapa. a city of some 8,000 ofi uie mrun mi) line between the capital nnd the Caribbean port of Puerto Barrios. A rebel flier interviewed near the Honduras border said Castillo Armas men also were moving by truck towards -Zacapa. He said the Invaders headed for the rail center after seizing 1 the cathedral town of K.squipulas in a five-hour battle. Three Guatemalan soldier* ! wore reported killed in that engagement. An Informed source at Tegucigalpa Indicated a fight for Zacapa Chilean students and workers burned President Eisen-! W f.. shflpln1s1 up - **? Pooled the rebels would abandon their guer- Rct.lhulou GUATEMALA GUATEMALAN FRONT — Ncwsmap above shows direction of rebel thrusts into Guatemala, according to anti-Communist forces. Both sides made victory claims todny as I,he first, major bni.tle appeared to be shaping up at the key rail town of Zacapa tarrow). (AP Wlrephoto) Ike Burned in Effigy- Latin Americans React to Invasion Bv THE ASSOCIATED PRKSS The Foreign Office declined, cam- men t on the report the commitment, will be extended, Churchill and Eden fly to Washington Thursday. The Cabinet dis- of the Elvtheville area were on \ cussed their mission today. Top hower in effigy last night as support for President Jacobo Arben?; Guzman's leftist government mounted on Latin-American campuses. Most American governments of-1 agtunst the Invasion and expressed 1'icially maintained a "hands otf" policy toward the war in the Central American republic, but Uru- Po- rilla tactics within the next 24 hours and. seek a pitched battle with Arbenz 1 army. ^t^*— -- • ......... The .source also said: 1. At least, two Guatemalan pilots have fled their country la _ _ „ „ -^ . ,. f . ,, —•v.t/v u v* vs i.^,vt. | £*j,*> Ul I-I 1C. Cfl V LA 1\- ViUCtilC-o."^**- »/**,- • ~- ----,- .-.- _ f . . _„,_. ^ /~iU 1 f T~\ f ' 1 higher than the 20.8 level of Sun-j hand at Blytheville air base this: military chiefs were called in lo suny s^ Chamber of^Doputtes >v « day was expected today. The Floyd 1 morning- to huddle with Civil Aero-, consult. support for the government. lice guarded the Amoricsm cm-i trnlnin K PlaneS since the invasion . I.,,- i j bepan Fridav. bnssy as about HO persons pni'nded rolled near the tops of levees but officials were optimistic they would hold. Trucks loaded with 3.000 sandbags stood .by if a leak should occur. Another series of flood crests surged down tributaries of the important Cedar and Iowa rivers in northeastern Iowa. Waterloo and Cedar Rapids prepared for crests later this week. The Iowa office of the federal i Soil Conservation Service estimates I 725.000 acre.« of crop land has been nautics officials. The CAA officials are interested in getting joint use of Blytheville Air Force Base, once it is reactivated. They urped those attending this morning's session to press for gaining use of the Air Force base for civilian pilots. Ed Travis and Joe Johnson, the CAA men. flew in this morning Local Man Found Guiltv In Paragculd PARAGOULD — A two-vote margin—32-30—adopted resolution condemning the "aggression" against Guatemala, Newspaper comment reflected various shnries of opinion. In Havana, a member of President, Fulprencio Batista's Cabinet. Ernesto de la Fe. called for Cuba to immediately recognize the insurgent government proclaimed by the rebel leader, Col. Carlos Cas- Blythevillp i til '° Armas. Sunday night. It was planted April 3 and was j under water during the last three Stoneville 2B variety. from Oklahoma City for the meet- ; interior decorator yesterday wns! Backing for the Arbenz regime found guilty of yrancl larceny in i centered in student groups, tradi- •moncv ' tional breeding grounds for radical- ma. Following the meeting. Mayor | the attempted sale of a Jcr-kson said he will bring the .making machine." weeks from, torrential rains. How- matr.pr up for City Council's con- [ Barney Payne. 38. was arrested ever, this figure does not include j side-ration at next -iceting of the : by Mississippi County officers in the overflows of the last two days, 'group. July 15. Engineers Suggest- Why Not Use River,for irrigation March on information from Paragould authorities. The decision was handed down yesterday by a Greene County Circuit Court jury. The jury did not set the sentence. Circuit Jud^e Charles W. Ci^ht Two Blytheville engineers, in the firm belief that irri- wil! pronounce today. .entence at 2 p.m. ism in Latin America. Chile Most Violent pnst it and there was no disorder. Cuba's Federation of University Students named Arbenz an honorary leader. The group made plans for a giant dpmoost ration In Havana despite police restrictions on such meetings. Panama's students were divided. One group raised Uie GiuUenmliin flrtK on the NaUonul University uunpus lost night, rolled H 24-hour slrike for today, and said the flag would stay "as long as the Arbenz regime Is under attack." Meanwhile a group of anti-Communist Panamanian youth organizations sent a message of support to Col. Castillo Armas, offering Those in Chile were the most j volunteers if the insurgents needed violent. Students nnd workers in : them. Santiago stoned windows at the 2. Two railroad bridges at Gualan had been destroyed; sabotage along the line between Gualan and Puerto Barrios has increased; a train which left Guatemala City for the port of San Jose has "simply disappeared." 3. The rebels have taken over the rail town of Morales, some 50 miles from Puerto Barrios. 4. A rebel plane machine-gunned and dropped grenades on San Jose. The rebels also announced that their planes had bombed Coban. a garrison town in central Guatemala, from a base inside the country. Castillo Armas has proclaimed his command the only legal government of Guatemala and called newspaper "El Mercuric." which In Buenos Aries, the semi-ofticial attacked Russia yesterday for her nev/spaper La Epoca strongly on his countrymen to disavow the Arbenz regime. Castillo Armas urged foreign I countries not to recognize envoys Security Council veto of the re.so- j plied the United States was to ; of the Arbenz regime and said he lution to transfer the Guatemalan i blame for the fighting in Guate- i planned to send his own represen- issue to the organization of Amer- mala. The pnppr. which usually reflects the views of Argentine President Juan D. peron's govern- Nine road I gation is here to stay, are ad- She was wported in good condi-1 vancin g an idea to make the tion this morning although the ex- waters of the Mississippi River tent of her injuries, other than a available to farmers in this ar- bruised arm, has not been deter-1 £a tnrough a sys tem of Canals. mined - . T i W. D. Cobb and J. W. Meyer — The accident occurred when T el-1 bQth ve j eran engineers — drafted ma started to cross the highway; to from in front of the Rhoads' Store j a rough plan for irrigating Mississippi County and. though agreeing to where her father was mowing hay on the illiam Mr. Cooksey said. She was struck by a car driven by A .D. Carter, Negro, who told Mr. Cooksey that he was driving about 30 miles per hour. Mr Wyatt said that he did ™t\n6^^Ti>^^m see the accident but Thelma must, ngineerin £ stand £ oint , not have seen the car when she * Started to cross the road. w . tt f rm ithat expense of the project would wvatt iarm : | be enorrnouSi are quickL to point out it would not approach similar government projects in i tha south and west. Although not going so far as to investigate details, the pair is con- DYESS — Burglars entered the C. G. McNair service station Sunday night and took about $55 in cash and merchandise. Entering through a window the burglars broke open two cold' drink boxes and took the change along with a $35 fan' used to cool the station, Mr. McNair said. County officers are investigating the incident. $200 Is Taken At Corurhersville CARUTHERSVTLLE, Mo. — An estimated $200 in cash and change was taken from the cash register in the City Cash Market by burglars last night. Robert Tillman, store operator, reported nothing else in the build- Ing was disturbed. The burglars entered by breaking the lock on the front door. THEY POINT OUT that the county has a natural fall from the Huffman area, where elevation is about 260 feet, to the vicinity of of Chelford, where elevation is only 225 feet (see map). This would be the course of the main canal which would run from the northeast to the southwest across the county. Three pumping stations — at Huffman, Luxora and at Big Lake — are included in their rough draft of the project. One big factor would be required to push through any such plan — government aid. And that, the Mesrs. Meyer and Cobb point out, may not be too far away. A new irrigation act, on brink of enactment now, provides for low-interest loans of up to $250.000 for groups of farmers desiring to initiate irrigation improvements. Same loan will be available to tht individual fanner up to $25,000. * • * PERMANENT IRRIGATION facilities, they opine, will be available only through such a source of water as the Mississippi. Just this week, the University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station released a bulletin calling ican states. The paper accused the Payne was charged with promot-j Soviets • of trying to create dis- mg the sale of a "money making" j cord in the Americas and of trying j m " om " ii n k PC | Wellington's cam- machine to a merchant, Woodrow|to widen differences between the J ; n jn5| Cojnnlu ,^ ( .influence Kelly, last Feb. 5. , United States and Latin America, i , n Guatemala to Guatemala's de- Kelly yesterday identified Payne! After listening r.o speeches de-I sjre , o annex n<lipnbfir j nK British I as the man with whom he dealt at! nouncing the United States, t,he ' n Pnragould motel last February, j Santiago demonstrators set fire to He said he gave Payne 53,000 dur-ian effigy of the U.S. President. ing a demonstration of a device j Other groups paraded in front, of that, was "supposed to accomplish! the U.S. Embassy and the Institute offset printing from paper money."! of North American Culture, but. heavy police guards prevented fur- 09K t w v attention to the fact that Arkansas] rigation project In Oklahoma in "Money Maker" Kelly testified that Artie Lee ; ^ er violence. Bell of Kennett, Mo., also was at. _ " , „ ,. . the motel. He said Bell handed 1 Parade Halted Payne a paper baR which was sup-' Students at. the University of posed to contain Bell's $4,000-share ; Guayaquil. Ecuador, also held a in the deal. ! pro-Guatemala meeting but police During the demonstration, Kelly! halted their attempts to parade said, both Bell and Payne left the j and arrested a number of leaders, motel for chemicals with which to j In Quito, the Ecuadorean capital, complete the demonstration. He j the Federation of University Stu- said Bell soon returned but Payne j dents began registering Honduras and its efforts to end the "inhuman exploitation of the fruit trust." By contrast. Mexico City's lead- in.? newspaper "Excelsior" came tatives abroad as soon as details could be worked out. A Cuban Cabient member, Ernesto de la Fe, promptly urged his government to recognize the rebel regime. U. S. Sen. Homer E. Ferguson <R-Mich) said in Philadelphia last night that if the rebel forces win, he would favor U. S. recognition of the new government. out strongly against the Arbenz government. Mobile X-Ray Unit of Manila Civil Defense Group to Meet A meeting of Blytheville's Civil Defense deputy directors and special st?ff members has been called from Friday night by Civil Defense Director Roy Head. ! The group is to meet in the Nearly 240 persons received chest; office of Mayor E. R. Jackson in volun- i x-rays when the mobile X-ray unit j City Hall at 8 o'clock. did not show up and they became j teers to "defend Guatemala's sov- i visited Manila yesterday. ' '—worried about their money. } ereignty" and sent messages of; Serving . as volunteer registrars j Thieves Get 'C/eon' Haul Kelly said they opened the "mon- j support to Arbenz and the Guate-) we re the Mesdarnes Lockard Beney maker" and found only $67. | malan students. i son. Carey Tate. Dean Pierce, Payne did not take the stand, but i University students in La Pass, i George Farmer, Bert William, Bell in testifying for the defense, told the jury that the man who dis-, played the machine was introduced i as Johnson. He said "Johnson" was > taller and heavier, than Payne. j Mrs. Gertrude Barrett, housekeeper for Payne, earlier had testified that Payne was home on the date of the alleged demonstration. rice farmers are depleting their underground water supplies. Mr. Meyer cite* a government ir- which the Bureau of Reclamation j spent nearly $13 million in irrigat-; See IRRIGATION on Pafe 10 Inside Today's Courier News . . . Lundy Sees No Better Ti*ne in Mile — for This Year . . . Athletics Roll After Rhubarb . . . First of a Scries on National Open Champion, Ed Fur^ol . . . Sports . . . Pa»rea 6 and 7 ... . . . CIA, U. S. Superspy Agency, fs So Secret Even Congress Knows Little About It . . . Tajfc 5 ... , . . British-U. S. Meeting Signals New Alliance of Erec Forces . . . Editorials . . . Pasrc 4 ... MUSCATTNE, Iowa <7P) — Police described it a.s a "clean" haul after a thief broke into a service station here and made off with only a soap dispenser and a rolJ of towels. Bolivia, also issued a protest ' Walter Davis and Neal Benson. With Beefed-Up Police Force, Osceola Quiet OSCEOLA — No new burglaries several reports of noises around or attempted burglaries have been j homes that have proved to be no; cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Weather ARKANSAS — Clear to partly reported since the city officials took steps yesterday to reassure the citizens with maximum police protection by adding new men to the police patrol. Police Chief Jftke Thrailkill and Sheriff William Berryman branded as false the report that, the "marauders" were believed to be carrying high powered rifles. There were no reports that any rifles had been seen, used or stolen in any of the burglaries. Chief Thrailkill said he is pleased with citizen cooperntion although rumors have tended to mnke some people jumpy. There hav« been more than wind, he said. A city council meeting called yesterday morning put six extra po- basis; asked all citizens to take proper precautions in locking their homes; and to keep a radio operator on duty 24 hours dally at the police station. , They also offered a $100 reward for information leading to the conviction of anyone committing armed robbery and a $25 reward for information leading to the conviction of anyone committing a burglary. Wednesday; continued warm. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy thie afternoon clearing most section* tonight with scattered local thunderstorms southeast this afternoon. Maximum yesterday—JM. Minimum this morning—71. Sunset' today—7:18. Sunrise tomorrow—4:47. Mean temperature (midway bctw««a high and !0wj— 83.3. Precipitation last 24 Hours to 7:0* a.m. today—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to d»te—I4.M. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—101. Minimum thlg mornlng—47. Prnclpitatfom Januaiy 1 « 30.41.