SSUTH COUNTY FARM BUREAU EXCHANGE (NUT SHOWS ,endou* Amount Work « Done During 1930. [HV B. B. Morrison. leounty agent's annual report • year ending December 1 ln- Interest to of. the Lork'la made possible"-by the 'Crm Bureau cooperating with „ Slate college and the pe- of Agriculture. Major ve ar included commun- ' which Includes work Bureau and other lommunity organizations, 4-H IS, soils, Plant diseases, and is done through .meetings Iwlth the assistance'- of exten- H-vlce personnel.and the-eo.- [lon of local persons. Office i farm and home visits, and [interviews are Included, along Uonrtmtlon plots in various ALGONA, IOWA, FEBRUARY 26, 1931 Number 11 I L BOATMAN, SOILS WORKER with the Iowa State College exten- J slon department, Is shown at th? left In a field of corn where alkali soil was treated with potash. The field Mr. Bo.-itm.in is In yielded 274 bushels of corn to the acre, while the untreated field at the right yielded only 11% bushels. Mr. Boatman and R. H. Porter, crop disease expert, come to Kossuth county this week Wednesday ami Thursday for meetings at Bode, Lakota, Algona, Swea City, and IWncroft How Meals for Large Groups /s Easy Vltith Plans is Shown "oft,;; county for trial of new •es or as demonstrations of I to to obtained through such Soils Project Wins.; ' •'. , Kossuth soils project is rec- ns one of the two best Jn the States and Canada. The fcubs hud one of the blue ribbon i at the state fair, ' and the I] husbandry project recelyec nltlon when Kossuth received two $100 S-horse multiple- ItnodelB presented by the Horse latlon of America. limarles taken from the repor jy-eight meetings were attend- Bth a total attendance of 8,804 Itj'-foui- other meetings had an lance of 3,742. Twenty-seven llttee meetings were attended J persons. A total of 169 town (and community meetings with I attendance of ' 12,919 were lenty-flve townships wer< I with the assistance of 4 (leaders and ten days of spec- Itlme; 76.6 days time were 1 by the agent; 160 new mem- lolned the organization in 1930, , the last months 159 new i.paid advance memberships 111; 16.7 days' time was spent E county agent on membership, i assistance of 23 leaders, hip Programs Printed. program committee prepared r program outlines for .town- Jmeetlngs which were distrlb- Ito 28 townships. Seven town- J held regular monthly meet- land one is enrolled for etand- Itlon. Township year books [prepared for five townships. meetings were held quar- I and each month an executive llttee meeting was held. (•'.• \t 2,000 people attended ' the Farm Bureau picnic, ad- by the national, president, |H, Thompson, arid Dr. J/ H. chemist at Kansas City. l hundred attended the annual jess meeting, which Included a i of reports, a rural quartet, |orchestra selections, and '-'com-. ' singing, and was addressed a. Ellsworth Richardson, na- recognized farm . woman t and state woman's chairman, i Parker, Des Molnes, and C. > of the state board of as- Jit and review. Club Meetings Attended. | county agent attended 21 club at which the attendance j.332, and spent 65 days on club In addition the assistant [.spent 88 days on club work '1 87 meetings attended .by • was a total of 68 club-meet- an attendance of 2,116. »nlzatlon work took B.8 six meetings attended by long, <.. • > •• v •(•;•,...',;• dry calf club work 21,3 days' '* «P«nt, with 18 meetings ;by 611 persons; on baby 1 work, 16.9 days and two .1 attended by 155; on mar^club work, 3,6 days; -on <>*«f heifer club work, 1.6 1 Purebred pig c]ub worki on garden club work, 1.8 |~ « OM » «lub work, .6 day*; on * work, .6 days; and 'on .club work, .4 days. assisted in en- completed ' the proj. A total of 170 at fairs, winning in premiums. Thto 'the girls' club work KOB Every farm woman, .sometime during the year, hns to prepare meals for large crews of men or for many guests. For this reason Lesson o on Planning for Large.-Quantity Meals and the -Making of a Fireless Cooker is proving practical. WHat makes the difference between a hostess who Is all flustered and -excited and one who Is calm and charming? It Is usually management. Careful planning previous to the occasion will prevent overtaxing of the busy housewife. .Some helpful hints for threshing plans have been suggested as a result of this lesson. Simpler menus, with stress on careful preparation of meat and vegetables rather than on 'too elaborate desserts, is desirable. In some communities an oil cloth table cover Is purchased by the homemakers, and passed from home tc home to coincide with the arrival of threshers. • The consumption of a great quantity of rich foods washed down with iced tea or lemonade at the noon meal has often caused serious Illness in a crew. This Is especially true on a hot day, when the crew is working at strenuous labor in the sunshine. The cooks can play- a big part in helping keep the efficiency of the crew up to normal by TWO TOWNSHIPS MEETING HEAR OF BANK METHODS cpnsldering be served. Emphasis Made at made at the carefully the menu to on planning will help mkke a banquet or a community supper a success financially as well as socially. Three committees should have charge. These Include kitchen, dining- room, and clean-up com tnlttees. A general chairman should be put in charge of the whole affair, and this chairman should be chosen .not for.her ability to cook or serve but for her leadership qualities, her ability to help folks work together harmoniously. Other suggestions from this, lesson that might be helpful included the thought that waitresses should eat before the guests are served. This makes them more efficient .and courteous workers because it prevents them from 'getting tired. They are more apt to eat a well balanced meal if. they eat beforehand. Helpful equipment for serving large-quantity meals is discussed in this lesson; also the standard amounts needed to serve 100 people. Some time was spent on discussing how to figure costs for community suppers. A diagram and explanation of an efficient method to handle a banquet as served in a community hail or church basement proved beneficial. It was decided that an inspector for plates would prevent such an occurance as some guests failing to get a roll, etc. A bulletin board in a community kitchen is a big help for posting the menu, directions for workers, and other things that all helpers should know. Tables that seat 20 persons are most convenient. One waiter can handle te n to 12 people at a formal banquet. In setting a banquet table care must be .takep not to 'crowd people';' 24 inches should be allowed for each cover. Attractiveness of/ table, food, and decorations count for much at banquets or community suppers. Every group of women serving a number of meals of this type might do a rear bit of service if they would keep a record of date, chairman, profit, amounts bought, and general remark* tor 'future reference. Leason i really Included two lesson* both given in one day. Go-Op. Oil Station it Being Discussed Cooperative oil companies, includ Ing ihe establishment of a bulk 'station ;*wd TWhapB'^' tuning station The following account has been taken from the Bancroft Register: Tuesday evening, February 10, a joint meeting- of the Ramsey-Greenwood Farm Bureau members was held at the high school auditorium, to which the general public was Invited. Edward Droeesler was chairman of the meeting and kept the crowd well entertained. The first speaker on the program was L. F. Kennedy, and the topic assigned to him for discussion was "call money." Mr. Kennedy told of the necessity of a diversification in loans in order that funds may be available quickly when needed. Call money on the New York market at the present time is but 1% per cent. This rate is established by the New York stock exchange but is not an arbitrary rate, and it may be disregarded by bankers if they so desire. Call loans are made from day to day, and only listed securities with an established value can be used as collateral. 'Mr. Kennedy likened the diversity, of loans In banking ouera- tlons to diversity In farming operations, and suggested that the same principle applied to good banking that does to successful farming. The Farm Bureau orchestra of nine pieces and other musical numbers were much appreciated. Mrs. Ray Miller addressed the meeting briefly on the subject of home demonstration work and urged the women to attend meetings when In in GOOD FIRELESS COOKERS ARE EASILY MADE Construction Plans Given in Project Lessons. Because of the many users ot the flreless cooker, the recent lessons on construction of homemade cookers have been ntti-actlhg the Interest of husy homemakers. Some of. the favorite uses, as reported' by women using cookers, are: 1. To leave a warm dinner In for the family when the hoincmaker la puing away for the day. 'i. To send a hot meal to men who may be working too far away to come home at noon. 3. To luive a warm dinner ready at noon on busy spring days when chickens and garden keep one out- floors. 4. To carry either hot or cold foods for a picnic. 5. To keep bread sponge in to riso, as it provides an even temperature. Principle is Thermos JIIR. Much, if not all, of the materials for the cooker niay be found at home. The cooker is really only a lurge thermos jug. The principle underlying ithe construction of the flreless cooker Is the retention of the heat, enclosed In it by' the use of materials which are poor con- ductorg of heat. For this reason there must be an outside container and an Inside container or "well" The cooking vessels are placed in side the "well", So the Inside container should be large enough to hold an average sized cooking vessel. There must be a space of at least 2% Inches be tween the Inner and outer con talner. In this space Is packed in sulation material. Paper, ground cork, sawdust, or'excelsior may be used for packing. Paper, is perhaps the most satisfactory for a homemade cooker. A newspaper sheet torn into fourths, crumpled and packed down firmly In :the space be- tween'the two containers gives the insulation necessary. Hot Plate Necessary. WOMEN AND THE F. II. Women's work occupies such an mportant position in the county organization that to overlook it Is a mistake of the first magnitude. We must depend on the women for the levelopment of "better farm homes, jotter farm communities, and a ilgh and more satisfying living" In Kossuth. Many farmers joined the original organization expecting greater financial returns. When dividends on ndividual membership were not Issued to them they lost Interest. They could not see the great opportunities for which the women are willing to wait while they work. Here Is a verse from a Clay county song- to the tune of Sailing which expresses the altruism of the worn- en In the Farm Bureau. I K B F . Guarding the farmer's rights. Today Is the time for farmers to climb To great social heights. All together must work If we'd win, and so, We all must take heart, And each do his part STATE PRESIDENT HEARST SPEAKER AT JOINT MEET the opportunity presented iteelf. the home demonstration work 1930 Kossuth county was only prevented from attaining a perfect score by poor attendance at the district meeting. It is her earnest desire to see Kossuth go over the top in this respect in 1931, and she Is spending a great deal of time and effort in an effort to create more Interest In home demonstration fork. County Agent E. R.' Morrison poke on the recent short course at mes and of the work being carried n in Kossuth county. For 1931 the major projects on the extension ork In Kossuth county are soils, arm records, and plant diseases. Helen BryiJen gave a humorous eading, and the Rev. C. B. Bryden chalk talk. In this talk Mr. Bryen brought out the fact that one ecelves benefits from an organlza- lon In direct proportion to efforts ut forth. The more you put in the more you take out. The next meeting will be held at he high school auditorium March 0, to which the public is invited. J. H, Jensen, ,of Seneca, will , be the fair, the Water the i Llv <*tock article on the r ed at the request we Breeders' Ga- for the 'local community, have been generally 'discussed D V many local ; irouM;V, "Jltfo fcen Whd have been - ; rouM; interested in other successful co * Bought. Mnola, and from won first at th « Watertop^coK from *•"** **• «fesF£V3 i ^ with HI ^"wwrtBi operative enterprises around the Algona community have come -to believe that If the farmers and business men want an oil company they will organise one. To give all persons interested in the possibilities of a local cooperative oil company an opporaunity to talk over the proposition and discuss its possible or- ganisation there will bo a meeting at; the courthouse next. Saturday at ternoon at H:&Q p^ni. • Willing Workeri of Wetley Begin Year Polite Studer, Wesley Willing Worker* 4-H gbW clUD w 01 *** writes; The otflcpra t0f ^ to y *?* ar$~rPre|4aent, Helen Kent; vice Helen Hawkins; eecr* Patricia Cruise; hie The club irincipal speaker, Programs Outlined for 14 Townships in F. B. Booklet The county Farm Bureau has 1s- ,ued an attractive booklet contain- ng programs for 14 townships. The front and back covers in green are illustrated and were de- ilgned by County Agent Morrison. The first three pages are filled with names of national, state, county and ownship officers, and committees. The fourth.page was prepared especially for each unit and contains he program ,AS developed by the ownship committee. The rest of the booklet give* the names of speakers and subjects tot: talks, mostly suggested by the coun- y program committee, H, J. Bode, chairman. Places and dates pf meetings have been arranged by local committees. The general directory to Included, eo hat folks who live in one commun- ty may plan to attend meetings In other townships. There must be a tight fitting cover for the inner well, also a cover fdr the outside container. The food In the cooking vessel is placed In •the cooker hot. The vessel is set on a hot plate, which may be a soapstone or a commercial hot plate. Cement hot plates may be made at home. To make a hot plate, mix one quart of fine, clean sifted sand with one pint of fresh cement. Add water enough to make a thick paste. This mixture is poured into a round card- mold 8 or meter and about 1% inches deep. The diameter will depend upon the size of the inner well. When the mold Is half filled with cement a circular piece of screening cut slightly smaller than the mold Is set into the mixture. This serves as reinforcement. Lifting Handle Provided. Before the screening is placed in the cement, two ends of a piece of flexible wire about six inches long, should be placed in the center of the screening in such a way that a small loop or hump is formed. The ends of the, wire should be. bent level with the screening-. When the cement begins to harden, scoop' out the cement about this loop. .Then by this loop or hump of wire the hot plate may be handled. with a hook when it is placed inside the well. The well must be wrapped with asbestos, preferably three layers, before It is placed for the packing with newspapers. A cushion filled with paper is placed on top of the Ud of the well. This is insulation for the top.. Over this place the outside lid. A homemade cooker will maintain cooking temperature for six or seven hours if. a maximum'amount ot heat JB put into the cooker at the beginning of the cooking. If it is to be used to keep foods cold a piece of ice niay be placed In the "well" and the chilled food set in. Then the whole thing can be carried to a picnic with the assurance that the food will be refreshingly chilled when served, President Chas. E. Hearst, of the Iowa Farm Bureau Federation, talked at a joint meeting of the Eagle, Grant, Swea, and Harrison township Farm Bureaus at Swea City last Thursday. Mr. Hearst, in addition to his work as leader of the Iowa Farm Bureau, Is chairman of the legislative, committee of the American Farm Bureau Federation. His intimate association with state and national farm questions made his talk of genuine Interest to all who heard him. The property owners' side of the tax revision question that is taking so much time in our present state legislature was generally outlined by Mr. Hearst, Including a brief discussion of the county assessor plan as presented by the legislative tax commission as part of the tax revision program. The county assessor plan apparently has its greatest advantages to the farmer in counties which Include the larger cities of the state At noon Mr. Hearst spoke briefly before the Klwanis club at Algona, and In 'the afternoon he attended a county Farm Bureau board meeting at Swea City, where he discussed briefly the part the Farm Bureau is taking in many of the questions affecting agriculture and the state or nation. The evening meeting at Swea City was well attended by folks from all parts of the county. M. L. Johnson, president of the Eagle township F. B. and past county Farm Bureau president, was chairman. Short talks were given -by Mrs. J. H. Warburton, chairman of the county woman's work; C. R. Schoby, chairman of county organization .committee; Muriel Body, -.home demonstration agent,. and County Agent Morrison Mueic was furnished by the local orchestra, and the Swea City Smith- AMES WORKER GIVES SECOND LESSON PLAN Dress Accessories are Imortant in Clothing. By Muriel Body. Miss Mclrath, Ames Extension worker, gave the second lesson In the second-year clothing project for 4-H club leaders at Burt Monday, February 6, and 14 leaders and six 4-H girls spent an interesting day, hearing a discussion of the complete 4-H outfit. The subject of accessories was given an important place In the day's lesson. So often the beauty of a costume is ruined by the use of wrong accessories. As a rule, accessories Include hats, ties, purses, gloves, handkerchiefs, shoes, hose, and jewelry. The articles chosen should harmonize and should add something distinctive to the complete outfit. In selecting jewelry Miss Mc-Ilrath said a safe rule to follow is never to add a piece of jewelry unless it actually adds something to the costume. Pearl beads, for instance, should never be worn -with school or business clothes, nor with the club uniform, except a wrist watch and a class ring. Bags may add much to a costume. They may be made of silk, felt, wove, embroidery, or canvas. A number of attractive examples were studied, and patterns were made. Every girl should know and understand something of planning a clothing budget. Any high school girl graduate who has not had some training In money matters is distinctly handicapped. For this reason a plan to have each club girl keep personal accounts was made and it was planned to encourage all the girls to make a budget. Graduation days are Just around the corner, and the question of graduation and party frocks will face both mother and daughter. Simple, girlish dresses of dainty cotton material will emphasize youthful beauty much more than the more sophisticated silk dresses so often chosen. Patterns for chic yet simple pajamas were cut, and a short discussion of suitable materials was given. Materials must be tub-fast and still colorful. Great interest was aroused in new quilted jackets and lounging robes. They may be made of cotton materials a.nd quilted by machine. They are something "different", most attractive, washable. A. quilted robe to match pajama ensemble Is pleasing and useful. Cotton-sheet wadding is used, and a knife may be used for creasing lines to follow when stitching. Any kind of material the same as that used for pajamas may be used. Soisette or broadcloth make a dressier robe or jacket. Lesson 3 and the last lesson of the course will be given at Burt March 30, and Miss Mcllrath will also con- duct this school. At the March meeting special emphasis Is to be given to the Judging of clothing, and every leader owes It to her club to be in attendance. Extension Worker Aids Soil Survey Follow-Up Meeting ,T. I-i, Boatman, of the Extension Service, who Is In the county, this week for a series of soils meetings, held the first soil survey follow-up meeting at the courthouse lastrweek Wod'jesflay evening. Other .meetings will be held throughout 1 ' tha county later this spring to assist In as wide a distribution as possible of soil survey bulletins and information concerning their use. The state bulletins include brief discussions of various soil types and reports of experimental and demonstration work which has' been done along lines of crop production on various slols. The U. S. D. A. bulletin has been out for some time, and copies were mailed direct to all Farm Bureau members. Other copies are available for distribution with the state bulletins at the soil survey meetings. The federal bulletin Includes a) large map of the county on the .scale of one inch to the mile, with, a general discussion 'of agricultural nnd soils conditions in Kossuth, while the state bulletin contains a small map and a more detailed report as to Kossuth soils and their adaptability to various crops. H.EAD THE WANT-ADS. Spray Service for Fruit Trees Given Orchard spray cards which have bee n mailed each year to fruit growers and merchants of the county interested In fruit-raising and spray materials will again be failed out from the Horticultural department of Iowa State and distributed through the Bureau to persons who request that their names be put on the list. These cards are mailed out charge, a card for each spray needed matted to arrive Just before 5metow>plythe«>ray- Why spray is needed at that «"» and the kind iTSwSt of Material to be use* fo7tbe%pi*y are, part Of «w roaUon. The Lu Verne F. B. Women Study Home Cooking At an all-day meeting .... at Mrs. Henry Kubly's February 12 In Lu Verne township the fifth lesson in this year's project, which is* on large-quantity meal-planning and the' homemade tireless cookers.was given. This was two lessons' crowded into one, but there was not time to make a tireless cooker, though a number of hot plates such-'as i, are prepared for such '' cookers' were made. The cooker will be made later, Many of the points discussed in relation to large-quantity meal- planning were found helpful by the women and will be used to advantage. There was to have been one more lesson in this year's work, but word comes from Ames that it has been cancelled. The lesson this time was given by the new H. P. A., Muriel Body, and there was an attendance of seven women. A, cpv- ered-dieh luncheon was served at noon. Hughes teacher, Mr. Sweany, led community singing. The women served lunch after the meeting. ' . » Songs Are to be Used at Meetings in Swea Township Despite the fact that there were several other entertainments in communities nearby, the February Farm Bureau meeting at the Swea township community hall was an unusual success, some 140 people at tending, The meeting was opened with Auld Lang Syne, after which H, O. Iverson read the minutes o the previous meeting. Albert An derson, of the Seneca neighborhood then played two selections on the violin and the mouth harp, Clifford McGregor gave a comic reading, Friday Afternoon Program in Country School. ' Mrs. Emll Larson led community singing and taught the audience motion oong. It was decided that a community- song period should conducted at each meeting, with different leader each time. Follow ing the song period Mrs. Larson gave a talk on Home Ground Im provenient Then Ravell Scholtz told all the troubles of a little boy how he tracked in mud, alammec the door, and tore his pants, and o the scoldings he received. WANTED 1,OOO Wall Paper Catalogues We have the largest assortment of beautiful moderately priced papers in stock now that we ever had before—300 patterns from 4c to 48c per roll. Fade proof papers at IT^c. A few last year patterns at one-fourth regular price. Bring in Your Catalogues Our stock is so complete that we ask you to make selections from your catalog in your home, bring them to us, and we will duplicate them in pattern and quality to your satisfaction and save you money. Why send for paper when you can see what you buy and take it home with you? $1 For Your Paper Catalogues * ' We will allow $1 for your paper catalog on each $10.00 purchase of wall paper and paint. A proportionate allowance will be made on all orders less than $10. Your old catalog will pay for the gas—bring it with you. Paine & Sorensen Algona Iowa Plum Creek Women Have Fifth Lewon Plum Creek's Farm Bureau women met last week Tuesday at Mrs. Clifton Benschoter'a, where the fifth subject-matter training school of the first year In the Home Management project on large-quantity meaH-planning was. held and a homemade tireless cooker was demonstrated- Thto was an all-flay meeting. The, leeson wa$ g|yen by -- -^Bfldy, njnr H. ».'4., ' Community Meeting To Discus* the Organization of a Co-Operative Oil Company For service of Farmers and Business Men of the Algona Territory, at the ^Qjfr i>p^ flW^y^^ ^pwp^iWP^ii^F ^i^pi^^^i^^ ^^^P-^^^^W ^^^P^P ^^^ff^^^^w j| T!^ , ^& ^^^F ^^ • ^^^^ ^BI^ At 130 P. M. EVERYBODY INVITED, COME!
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