The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas on September 28, 1918 · Page 1
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September 28, 1918

The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas · Page 1

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Saturday, September 28, 1918
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» » I ».»"• IMMiittii • ? fHE'N6Wft 19 A » • MEM*6ft OP THE * • ASSOClAtet) PRESS * » WHICH 18 tHE BEST » ItlMtMIHMMII THE HUTCHINSON NEWS. •»»*•*«*•«•*»«•• • THE NEWS HA8 THE * • LARGEST CIRCULATION * • OF THE PAPERS IN * • CENTRAL KANSAS * • »••«•••**•*•»•* VVOL. XXXIV, HUTCHINSON KANSAS, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1918. LAST EDITION NO. 37. GERMANS IN MOST SEVERE TEST On Foiii* Important Sectors Foch is Forcing Them to Meet the Hardest Fighting in Four Years; ALLIES FIGHTING WAY INTO HON LINE NEAR LAST DITCH. Paris, Sept. 28.—Their ambl- \!ou» scheme* In the Orient threatened with collapse by the Allied successes against Turkey ind Bulgaria, the Germans are being pressed back vigorously on Important sectors of the western front from Verdun to the North sen. Yesterday was the worst day Germany probably has experienced since the outbreak of the war and opinion here la that the Germans are getting near the last ditch. (By The Associated Press.) Marshal Foch Is putting the Germans on tne Western front to the most severe test of the war. On four Important sectors from Verdun to the North sea, Allied troops are fighting their way Into and beyond the Hlndenburg line. Smashing attacks are being deliver- THE WAR SITUATION^ ^ THIS MORNING J Bulgaria has virtually sued for peace following the utter defeat of her armies In Macedonia. First reports o[ the proposals looking to an armistice between the Bulgars and the Entente Allied armies seemed to indicate that Premier Mallnoff of Bulgaria acted on his own Initiative in thus admitting defeat, and paving the way for his nation to get out of the war. Later advices stated that the armistice proposals had aroused oppositions and appeared' to reflect a situation bordering on revolution (n Bulgaria. IT'S ALL UP TO THE MAN AT THE WHEEL ] Last reports reaching this country by way of Copenhagen alute that tho ministerial block In the Bulgarian parliament was responsible for the move, which may mean I hat tho absolute sway of King Ferdinand baa been broken and that th« people of tho country are behind the demand that Uulgarla surrender before the Allied troops invade her territory further. . . •:. .... , „ , . ,, Serbian cutvary haH beeu reported ed by the Urit ab and Belgians north lvIlnm ntlvpu m „ o[ , h r, ul( . arliul of yprosj by the British and Auieri- ! f ron t| er , cans before. Cambria; by the. French ' north of the Alsne and by the French and Americana In Cbaroi>ugne and to the casL On ail fronU tho Allied soldiers are meeting with success. Cambrai Near a Fall. tta imoortMl liclKht of Sl^To^ nmi wn0 nas m]e " opo appwently of Would Turkey Follow? | I Tills sensational development opens I up a now phase" of the war. If Bul. garlo. makes peace with the Allies, her example. It Is probable, will be promptly fallowed by Turkey whose •R 1 Dame and Snllly, within one and three-quarters miles of Cambrai. The menace to C'awbral Is greater ilion at -the'height of General Byng's stroke ... ot -last November. The attacking troops hold ajonger from. Immediately . ;-qnil,h« west, while to the north they arc, preB'slttg onwaW,' osvf '"Yerfcala, ki^OjertpVuntouched by' fIghlim?. South. west, of 'Cambrai the British are flght- Jlng toward the Importaut Scheldt' canal at Cantaing. v.. A Good Advance. Field Marshal Halg's thxuat norlh of, CamV>rui already has progressed Wore than three miles. The British have cut the high road between Cambrai and Ihiual, ami have the railroad between the.two cities dominated by their suns. The fall of Cam• bral, military observers believe, would result in the German withdrawal from Doual and St. Qucutln, which possibly would lead to a retirement to the, French border. Saturday morning already has resulted In an advance of more than two and a half niilcB. Tho Allied troops have penetrated important positions of the Houtholst forest, German pouses- skm of which had staked previous attempts tu advance south of tho Belgian coast. This oporaUou apparently Is directed toward the German submarine bases in Belgium and tbe outflanking of the bastion ot Lille. French Fighting Hard. French troops are fighting forward j 'up the slopes toward the Obomlu Des ' Dames, They ltuv <i gained further ground south of Fort Matmalsuti and have taken the Important points of "Jony and Alzy and the ravine between. The Franco-American offensive, west and east:of the Argonno to the Mcuse, ''.'.continues successfully loduy. The French have moved their Hue forward west of: the-Argonne forest and captured Important positions on their western flank. East of the Argonne the Germans are fighting desperately to hold tho Uruuhllde positions but tho Americans are progressing at several points. Many Prisoners. In tile last three days the British, French and Americans bayo taken more than 27,000 prisoners. In their Cambrel drive tho British have cap- tyred 10,000, while the Franco-Americans, have .Increased (heir total to more than 10,000. Tho Belgians and British are reported to have captured 1,009 prisoners. Thus, the Iron ring about Austria Hungary will be reconstituted. Rumania seething with revolt against the German, eonauerers. seems almost ready to begin warfare once more, recent reports Jrom that country stating that situation • ithere--la most threatening to the Central powers. - •' • . ,' - ' Near a Revolution. With the Allies once more on the southern frontier of Austria, the smouldering brands of revolution in the Magyar province of the dual empire may burst into flames. There are, in fact, a world of possibilities in the, situation that developed yesterday in the near cast. American forces attacking on the Argonne forest northwest of Vardun, appear to be approaching the main German defenses In lhat region. After tlieir rapid advance on the first day of the battle they slowed down almost all along the line of attack yesterday and while progress was made it did not lake on tho appearance of a victorious sweep that marked the opening of the battle oil-Thursday morning. In the Champagne. West of the Argonne forest in the Champagne soclor, the French have reached the village of Sommepy on a very important line of railroad which supplies the German fnrceH further west. General Gouraud has. advanced his line every where in this sector. American forces ore fighting In the new drive against the Hlndenburg line norlh of St. Quentlii. The uum her of Americans In the figtyl ha,s not been reported. It was not. known Until It was officially reported from PANIC IN BERLIN? Out of Copenhagen About Bulgarian Affair. hears the king hlniself played an active role In the i peace move uuttl Germany countered his move. What About King? According to the report the king, .realizing lhat the people were doter- 'juinod to end the war, took tho initiative some time ago In Intrigues for peace;-hoping to saVe^liis throne and slaVe'. off a revolution;. It was for •V .'K 'JX >t ^,{-tntt---reajou that ho went to " Oer- Thia'ir ihe'^e^s^TlfartiSJflfct 1 ^*^ lh0 cbisarrsaent • s"afl» ' ••••• • • .that ifc'was a curious fact, that—his whereabouts arid" actions' sino'e tie re.' turned have been_a mystery.' Some Mystery, v A solution of the mystery is said to be that the-Germans In Bulgaria realized that the king was turning against them and they virtually kepi him a prisoner, at any rate t.o an ox-, tent' of preventing-him from tailing I a hand in the peace overtures. The ' Germans however wore powerless' against the popularity ot I't'eiuiqi' Mallnoff who, it is recalled, whlU- Dulgaria's policy was undecided -opposed an alliance with the Central Cowers; London Sept. 28 The publication in ' Berlin semi-official newspapers of Bulgaria's armistice requests was the cause of the greatest panic in the German, capital according to advices received at Copenhagen and forwarded by the Exchange Telegraph correspondent there. Admiral Von Htntze the German foreign secretary according to the advices in a speech before the main committee of ibo Reichstag said that tho difficulties of tbe Bulgarians between the Vardar and the Cerna evidently liad not been favorably explained by Premier Mallnoff and the Bulgarian government because, on Thursday Bulgaria proposed to the Kntcnte commander to open peace negotiations. Admiral Von Hlntze said that from the reports which were incomplete, It was not clear whether tbe Bulgarian government had acted in accor- BULGARS COLLAPSE Were forcing Things on West, Says General March. •>•..'• BRITI8H STATEMENT.' <j>* <£•'«><}• ^ * <S< 4' <S> •* -London Sept. 28.—Prisoners to the number of 10,000 have been Captured by the British In their offensive In the Cambrai area, Field Marshal Haig announced In his. official statement today. Two hundred guns were taken by the British forces. The British have captured tho towns of Mplncy and Olsoy-Le-Verger. /fba .British pressed their altuck ygeterdfty without ft moment's let-up until a late hour, and In the evening accentuated notably their progress la lbs..northern, portion ot the Uat- Ue field. "•w.'v.....-, Canadians Advance, Caaa4ia.u troops pushed through Haynecoun and have, reached the ;' '.'.Jiipufti 'f^flivhrRl road. VtJtrJUsh. forces hftve begun opcra- > ,'UoftS In Flanders lu conjunction, with '''. this'pe^gtoi) grnty, rfifiMagt vliole MUe tawt bfr Y |9f $-,P^whrsi Uts SBerfttlons we*« To be a Noticonibatant is BaJ Unougli, But tp be a Nonciimboiiclaut is Infinitely Worse. Roast; the Noncumboudant: Pity the Noucotnbatant. Which Will.You Be Roasted, or pitied? Rojuember the ''Fighting Fourth" Liberty Loan, AUSTRIA WEAKENING? London, Sept. 28.-—-Austria is withdrawing her troops from Albania according to reports re. celved in Amsterdam from well Informed circles the Central News correspondent at Amsterdam wires. WEATHER REPORT. First National Bank Building. Tempera ture for Last 24 Hours . tompcratur.i at noon, GO. I P.M Illi I I A. II W <\ 1'. M tili I I! A. M S ]'. M 0t | 8 A. M 10 1\ M n I | [0 A, At 12 MlilulKht «1 ; r; Noon •2 A. M :.l I 2 I'. M Minimum, 13, niaxlinuiu, 70. Loudon last night that Americans were anywhere, along this-sector of the batle Hue In France, Good .Allied Gains. YeBteruay's attack against the Hln­ denburg line' netted important gains for tho Allies. Northwest and west of Cambrai the British smashed their way ahead for a dlstanco.ot two or three miles and seems to have broken into the Clennan defense to such an extent that the enemy apparently must readjust his lines it he Intends to hold Cambrai very lopg. '• Further south near I*Catelet, where the Americans are in the battle the German lines were forced Wk over ii wide front and a new threat against the fatuous Hlndenburg -line was made, progressing satisfactorily this morning, Field Marshal Ilajg announces.' ^ * - ~ <$> «• TRY TP HALT AMERICANS'* * * <J> <S" Q ® • • @ • * 4* • $ •' • (Dy The Assocls.ted press,) Witn the Atuerican unny northwest ot VerdMn «*VT (# A. . M..,)— Wt^U their bocks to Uje outer edge dance with the army's desires or on its own initiative. There were indications, ho said, that Premier .Malinoff's move would be disavowed by later developments. He Finds Excuse. He added that there was great excitement In Bulgaria and in influential circles the people were against an armistice or any appeal lor peace, Ho said the peace delegation which It was reported had left for Salonl- kj on Wednesday was still in Sofia on Thursday, antl- there was some counter action coming. The German high command, Admiral Yon Hlntze said, immediately threw all the reserves at Its disposal Into Bulgaria when the bad news from Macedonia become known. The Ausirlaus also sent forces and these reserves ho said, were sufficient to restore the military position, Says Its Critical. "The situation must, however, be characterised as critical," • Admiral Yon HinUe is reported to have said, "but It. will be "clearer In a few days and there is no reason to give up the gAme in Bulgaria." The Bulgarian plea for an ar- mhjttlce wag in response to anti-war agitation among the bulk of the people,- the correspondent gays, from Copenhagen, Tift correspondent aisg Kansas—Fair tonight and Sunday; slightly warmer tonight in extreme southeast portion. BULGARIA REALLY IN A DESPERATE PLIGHT Her Offer of an Armistice and Peace was Result of Meeting of All of Her Leaders, is Report. CROPS BAD—PEOPLE BELIEVE "GAME IS UP" •$> <s> *$> <s> <i> <*> * <ij . -S> A BERLIN PANIC. <*• 4> 4> « <?> <S- <•> >|v * •*> <$> * •* '•• London, Sept. 28—A panic prevailed on the Berlin stock ex. change today as the result of events In Bulgaria, according to a dispatch from the Hague to the Central News Agency. 4> <j> •{• <f> •P 4> > THE ALLIED REPLY. "Zimrnie" Washington, Sept. 2S.—The impending collapse of Bulgaria, General March said today, is a direct result of the concentration of tho American forces on the western front. Hitherto General March explained, whenever a section of the Central lim- pires was menaced Germany was able to withdraw divisions from the west front to bolster up tho threatened point. "That day is now past," he added, "as a result of the concentration of the entire American army on the western front. This has forced the German general staff to keep intact their whole strength In France. Hits' at Turkey, Too. The elimination ot Bulgaria, the chief oi staff puinicd out, should a separate peace be granted, would'fore- .shadow the isolation of Turkey and so 1 1 he possible re-entry of Huniania into [J ! the war, j. The effects or these events on the So :grnnd .strateijy of the war was obvious, he said. A Good Advance. In I lie now Franco-American drive, the American forces west or Verdun have passed beyond the Hlndenburg lint; and are lacing the new Krlem- hield line. General March was unable to Identify positively Americans which participated in this action. He said the attack was cuavaeterl'/.etl by thu same sharpness and rapidity which has heretofore marked the American operations. On tile first day Pershing's men advanced from t'ivo to six miles. Orricial dispatches to date show captures by the Americans In this sector of S .000 prisoners, while tho French to tho west of them have tHkon more than 7,000. The Soldiers. Reference in unofficial dispatches to Major General Cameron's corps Including New Jersey troops, as having repulsed strong counter mlacks by tho enemy, led General March to conclude that tbe Eightieth division was enguged on this front. Ihough he reiterated tho department had no positive information as to the locution of that dlvlsiou. General .March announced that practically all of iho Stth division IKen- titcky, Indiana and Southern Illinois) had now arrived abroad. Summarizing the situation on all fronts, General March said "as the news was continuously good last week, It has beeu continuously butter this week." 4- -e* <i- ^- '*• <i> -ft* -v '$• <s» 'V • * • « TOOK MANY PRISONERS. « * ' * <3><£<i>^<v,'j.4''$>'ft*<s>*v'^<e l >'fc<£<j> (liy Tho .Vssotiatod Press.) With An American Army Corps Northwest of Verdun, Friday, Sept. 87, —Herman prisoners counted up to noon today by this corps alone total .j. ,^ M $ ,i, <£, <J> ..> .j, London, Sept. 28—Great Britain has replied to the Bulgarian request for an armistice. The reply, it is stated, is fully covered by the answer given the Bulgarian representatives by the commander of the Allied army on the Macedonian front. By this reply it Is perfectly well defined that no military operations can be suspended. At the some lime regarding the proposal that duly accredited Bulgarian representatives should confer with tho Allies on the question ot peace, it has been, made qullc clear j to the Sofia government that such a| peace necessarily involves a complete; nipluro by the Bulgarian government; with Turkey, Germany and Austria-; Hungary. The Allied governments necessarily demand every guarantee which they consider necessary to them to safeguard Iholr military operations and prevent the dispatch ot German troops to Bulgaria. Not Permanent Settlement. In discussing the Bulgarian proposal it is pointed out that the Allies have no intention of attempting to make a final territorial settlement In the Balkans which obviously must be a matter" of consideration at the peace conference. Tho quootion, it Is stated, Is one of the conclusions of such a military agreement as would prevent any further danger from the Bulcarlan side to the operations of tho Allies In the Bulkons. — The Bulgar Army, Tills Implies the demobilization of the Bulgarian army or its employment cdscwhero against Bulgaria's present allies. Xo steps in the territorial questions involved will be taken without the fullest co-operation' and support of Greece and Serbia, hilt one of the essentials of any preiniinary ivgree-- ment must be I he evacuation by Bulgaria of all territory outside Bulgaria proper occupied by her since the outbreak of the war. It the terms laid down, which have been dispatched to Sofia are not acceptable tr, the Mclinoff government, the Allie<| powers, It Is added, have no further conditions to proiKise anil It will rest with Bulgaria to find olher reprenentatlves who can accept these conditions. fHy The Associate! Press.) Serbian and other Allied forces in Macedonia are pressing vigorously the pursuit of the disorganized Germans and Bulgarians. The Serbians have taken Veles with Its B al "rison and are moving up the V.trdar toward the great enemy base of Uskub, 25 miles northward. From Ishtlb, the See bians are marching toward the Bulgarian border and have passed ea.t of Kochanot fourteen miles from the frontier. GAME IS UP. •<> . ..i> .;. ,i, 4 . .;, ,.s <j, <i Paris, Sept. 28.—Bulgaria's offer of peace to the Allies W .JS the result of a meeting held on Monday and attended by all tho political leaders of Bulgaria, including Vasoil Rados'.avoff, the liberal leader, and members of the cabinet. It was not, as German newspapers pretend, the impulsive act of Premier Malinoff according to Zurich dispatches to morning newspapers here. If martial law has been proclaimed ! In Sofia It was because ot repeated anti-German manifestations with a strong pacifist tinge and popular demonstrations in frunt-.ot the. royal palace. , The situation in Uulgarla is grave. This year's crops are poor and tho I lood situation has entered a more ' critical phase. Recent military events have convinced those who still believed In the slar of l.udon- Uortr that lite "game is up" <*> * <?> •'«> <•> -j- <r 'v v e ;> v.-. more than 3,000. Ona. division more than 1,000 ot the total, and re-! ports that it still has several hundred i more. Tin 1 prisoners include a large' number ot Prussian guards. \ The prisoners carried dozens of I •machine guns and automatic rifles which were raptured with them, and • the cages In the rear resemble small' arsenals. A majority of the prisoners expressed pleasure that tbe war has ended tor them. it, .?> <$> a, <•> MUST HAVE PEACE. «> * ^ <y, ,f, .-fo ,9 Paris, Sept. 28—Bulgaria's sin. cerity In making her proposal for an armistice is taken more or less for granted by most editorial writers here, notwithstanding slight reservations made-by some of them. They are one, however, in agreeing that Bulgaria, in a desperate plight, will have to make peace now or have peace thrust upon her. Most of the comments on the situation are devoted to the consequences of her withdrawal from the war. Great for Serbia. "It will mean the reconstruction of •Serbia," says the Journal, "and therefore, will compel the Central Powers to form another Danube front and return the territory laken from tho Rumanians, which country Is bo- ginning to think of revenge on Germany. Turkey, cut off from the Central Powers, will be obliged to throw down her arms,' The collapse of tho whole brilliant but. fragile structure took ' raised by the Germans in the Orient ' is beginning. Twenty years of German effort there faces ruin" "It Is not in accordance with our principles to enslave any race," says the Matin. "It will i.ulilee, then, for Uulgarla, after returning what she has stolen, to give us guarantees by demobilising her army anil placing the control ot her railroads in Allied hands, that she will not become a turncoat uguln and that our Balkan friends have nothing more to fear from her." •P * * WEATHER 4, ,j. * <;> ..J. <s> <5> <$> Washington, Sept. FOR WEEK. j' '«•' * 28.—Weather predictions for tho week beginning Moniluy Issued by tho weather bureau today Include- Upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys:—Generally fair weather during the week although some probability of rain after the middle of the week although In southern portions, nearly Tiormal temperatures. THE JAPS ADVANCE. London, Sept. 28.—Japanese cavalry have occupied Zeyaprls- tan, 85 miles north of Blagloveat- schensk, in the region northwest of Vladivostock, according to of. ficial announcement made here, '* '•!> • •v * <* BULGARS OUT OF WAR. ' 'y <& 'y V v 'P 'V ^ • •$* VON HERTLING QUITS, •* >•?>•* * * * • 4> * * * • * London, Sept. 28.—Count Von Hertling, the German Imperial chancellor has resigned, according to a message received by the Central News Agency from The Hagu«. Emperor William, the dispatch adds, has not yet - aMpptetl the chancellor's resignation. Large black hats for afternoon have facings of royal Vine or brown. j, .$> ij,, <i* -'ff- <i- •$> >.• ..• i <j •;• ..• * >y Washington, Sept. 28—Bulgaria is out of the war is the opinion of Stephan Panateroff, Bulgarian minister here, although he believes that thin country definitely is determined to abandon its Alliance with Germany and Austria and, if the Entente Allies refuoc to listen to peace overtures, will appeal to the United States to use its good offices. Mr. Panateroff said his country would be willing to lei the settlement ol lite issues rest in the hands of such a country as the United Statett, "according to Justice, us unuounced by President Wilson," The minister did not pretend, to have any advices or instructions from his government, tor he is completely out ot touch with Soflu, bul he. said his opinion was based con fldeliilully upon knowledge of the views ot the statesmen and people of Bulgaria. Mr. Panaretoff occupies a unique position as the only diplomat In Washington representing a powei aligned with Germany. Thu United States Is not ut war with Bulgaria The Right Settlement. " "The Bulgarian cluiuia," said Mr Funureloff, "are reconcilable with (Continued on Page

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