The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin on August 9, 1959 · Page 40
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August 9, 1959

The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin · Page 40

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Racine, Wisconsin
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Sunday, August 9, 1959
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KACINE ^tNDAY BULLETIN August 9. 1959 Sec. 3, Page J 2 Organization of American States Latin American Tire Alarm' Rings Again for OAS WASHINGTON V Canada •mMm^t».m.mK. OAS Council Heodquorfers ington, D .C ICO M«xico GuatemolQ^^ £1 Salvador Costa Rica Pananva Colombia Ecuador Dominican ^=;£H ^Haiti^epublic Members of the Organization of Americon States Venezuela >^ Foreign ministers of OAS nations will meet in mid- August to review Caribbean unrest P'eru^-^^V'"^'-. Brazil Inter-American Treoty of Reciprocal Assistance signed Sept. 2, 1947 .'Bolivia\ \f*-"-\. Paraguay Cfiile;^ ^ / Argentina' Sontioqo^ \ ^J ^ru9 "ay Joneiro council decided the foreign You Can Hove o Japanese Garden A garden stiould be a place where you can renew your strength. That's the way Japanese, noted for their bcaiKi- ful gardens, see it, says Davi i Engel, an authority on .lapanoso gardens. The New Jersey born baclie- lor spent four years in Japan, two of them in Kyolo workinf^ with Japan's foremost landscape architect, Tansai Sano. "We have overylhinf^ in America to produce beautiful gardens," Engel says. "This country has a groat variefy of rock, shrubs of all descriptions, trees, sand and gravel that could be used to better advantage." Realities of Nature In Japan, Engel says, rocks and plants are thought of as realities of nature, associated with Japanese philosophy — rock represents female passive- Stone figure is focnl point in this Japanese garden nf gravel, shrubs, Irocs with bamboo fence. There arc many ways (o ness; plants, male vibrancy, achieve drama in your garden, and these are used in juxtapo-|to screen out undesirable ele- sition, just as hills and trees!monts, to make your garden formed by nature. ;look larger or to break up the Most Japanese plants are available in American nurseries, and we have ideal American plants, but a great deal can be achieved in the proper ill tract eyes pruning. "If excess branches are cut out of pine trees, for instance, the sun's rays can filter down to the foliage of the lower limbs," he says. Nothing Magical There is nothing magical about controlling trees and plants, Engel adds. Decide on the artistic effects you want, and use your imagination to consider the desired effect. "Sashide, the technique of cutting out main tips of branches and pruning off small branchlets which project downward, helps achieve the sweeping tufty look so desired from a picturesque standpoint," Engel says. by .lapanese forctAround. In a house where there is access to the garden, the room and the garden should be face e.xpansc of a large garden. 1 lei to face. The garden design can offers these pointers; l integrate the two. Twists and turns in a garden afford pleasurable sensations. You are left to imagine what is behind a hedge, a turn of a path. Placement The artful placement and choice of trees, shrubs, rocks, fences and hedges can create distance. Larger trees close to the house, smaller ones farther away can give that illusion. Trees and shrubs grouped as a thicket or little grove in foreground or middle distance achieves the effect of masking the farther parts of the garden. A garden that is seen from a window should have a focal point to give you spiritual identity with the garden and a state of relaxation, A stone lantern, water basin, stone figure, rock arrangement all used Choice of Rocks When you have a choice of rocks choose the rounded ones, rather than the pointed, less restful, one. Humanized naturalism is the essence of the Japanese garden, Engel says, an affinity between man and nature. Engel, in his book "Japanese Gardens For Today," printed in Tokyo and published by Charles Tuttle of Vermont, reveals interesting results working with gravel, tiny rocks, tiles, bamboo. He is practicing landscape architecture in New York where he did the gardens for Japanese House. Twenty-one dark-suited diplomats gather regularly around a U-shaped green baize covered table in the cream and crystal "Hall of the America.?" here. They talk— 18 in Spanish and one each in English, French and Portugese—while a few spectators watch, and tourists wander through, curious but Uncomprehending. This is the Council of the Organization of American States (OAS), the directive body of one of the world's oldest and—some say—least known international organizations. The 21 ambassadors represent the 21 republics of the Americas, united in the OAS (see map) to preserve peace and promote progress in the hemisphere. The fire alarm—that there Is the possibility of war within the Americas—sounds when a nation which feels menaced appeals to the council. It asks, generally, that the council invoke the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, signed Sept. 2, 1947, in Rio do Janeiro, and call ai meeting of foreign ministers to ... consider this threat to peace. I Meanwhile the OAS council itself can act — usually by sending on-the-spot investigators who can bring the two parties together. But it also can request other members to furnish armed forces—planes, ships and men—if it feels that neces.sary. Alternative procedures permit reference of the dispute to a five-nation peace committee, or, in more serious cases, a convocation. Pattern for NATO Eight times since the Rio pact was signed, the fire alarm has rung. Ther^e was a, 1948 dispute between Costa Rica and Nicaragua; a 1950 situation involving Haiti and the Dominican Republic; the Guatemalan situation in 19.54; a dispute between Costa Rica and Nicaragua in 1955, and Honduras and Nicaragua in 19,57. In each case, the OAS acted promptly. Both President Ei- tojsenhower and the late Secretary of State Dulles have said it was one of the free world's most effective organizations. Dulles, in fact, was fond of noting that the OAS provided the pattern for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and for the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization. This year—because of the wave of unrest touched off by Cuba's successful revolution- has been one of crisis for the OAS. In late April, Panama invoked the Rio pact. An OAS mission arranged the surrender of 80 invaders. ministers had best review the whole Caribbean situation. The ministers now are scheduled to meet ih Santiago, Chile, in mid-August. A special council "Committee of 21" in Jate April listed more than .30 projects for OAS help in speeding economic development. This program is an addition to existing technical a.ssistance and scholarship programs. OAS dates back to'the 1826 Congress of Panama, called by South American liberator Simon Bolivar. But it did not become a going thing—the Pan American Union — until after an 1889 conference in Washington. The Pan American Union was expanded into the Organization of American States at a 1948 conference of foreign ministers in Bogota, Colombia. The ministers drafted a charter for the organization, drawing upon older inter-American treaties and precedents, including the Rio pact. Iri reviewing the accomplish­ ments of the organization, Ef- senhower once remarked: "Ours is an historic and meaningful unity. It has been —for our whole continent—an honest and productive unity. It can be for other areas of tiie world—a prophetic and inspiring unity. For it is triumphant testimony, before all the world, that peace and trust and fellowship can rule the conduct of all nations, large and small, who will respect the life and dignity of each other." Divorced Men Lead Homicide Victims NEW YORK—The most like-:six tunes more homicidesi ly victim of homicide are di- among widowers than among' vorced and wirfnwpcl m^n i vorced and widowed men. according to statistics on mar- married men. Divorced women, too, appear riage and the family. A survey,bo in greater peril of being shows that there are nearlyjsijii,i than their married sis• I tors, the proportion being more 300 Million Coins ^" "'-•wording to a re. . I . k i port in Patterns of Disease, a Vanish in Mystery medical magazine, single wom- PRETORIA, South Africa-,l^'^^'^- '"^est homicide When the Union of South M-^''^^^- rica switches to a decimal coinage system in 1961, coins now Big Elm OweS Life in circulation will continue to D,.„„« i iffla riirl be used at their equivalcntj^O Brave Little birl decimal value, says J. P. Roux, director of the Mint. DOEVILLE, Tenn. — Ter, ihousand people can stand on The old coins will not bekhe 15,000 square feet over overstamped with their new which a big elm casts its shade value. The Mint has struck about 600 million coins since 1923, but apparently only about 300 million are still in circulation. Roux says, "What has happened to the other 300 million is a great mystery." near Doeville, at the foot ol ^oan Mountain in East Tennessee. U has a limb spread of 142 feet. It owes its life to a little girl, Lorelta Stout, who 95 years '.go threw her arms around it and said she would die with it f her brother, Dave, carried out his plan to cut it down. 2 Kittens Weather Combat Maneuvers CAMP PENDLETON, Caiif. More Than 500 Cities —(i^)— Two black kittenswentjy ^npgX f^Q^ Sections tiirough amphibious maneuvers' with First Division Marines. They were loaded, unnoticed, into tlie hold of the USS Pick way, a troop transport, with camouflage nets. Acting Cpl. R. G. Balzarett and Sgt. J. R. Hoy found them and took care of them through the amphibious landing. They then found homes for them with married Marines. • More than 500 of over 5,000 CHICAGO • municipalities _. ^.^^^ population added to their areas by annexation during 1958, the tliird highest number in 14 years. They annexed more territory than in 1957— more than 485 square miles — the second largest annexation since 1947, according to the International City Managers Assn. Then, in June, Nicaragua made a similar request. An information committee prepared a report. Early in July, the Dominican Republic denounced Cuba and Venezuela for plotting against it, and asked the application of the Rio pact. After lengthy debate the DONT DELAY! Don't leave your exposed film in your camera or lying around the house or in your automobile . . . bring il- in now. Manufacturers recoiTimend \ha\ film be developed immediately after being used —• for best results. 24-HOUR SERVICE NO WAITING! • Movie Film • 35mm Slides • Black and White Snapshots In one day by 2, ready next day by 2 — all high-speed color film ond block and white snapshots. FREE PARKING in Hotel Racine Lot While Shopping at WICK'S T =3 c=r "If It Clicks^lt's . . . n Uieks V PHOTO CENTER 1 519 MAIN ST. DIAL 2-0941 SAVEWAY SALE 1 FOR ONE WEEK ONLY! BUY 0 gallon of Volspor HOUSE PAINT Reg. $7.35 gal. Get This Quort for only 1c SAVE '2.00 READY-CRETE MIXES Concrete mix, mortar - mix, platter mix. 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