The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on July 29, 1969 · Page 6
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July 29, 1969

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 6

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Des Moines, Iowa
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Tuesday, July 29, 1969
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Tu»l., July J», JVct0«/wi/M?r C.MinNrn O>\viv, Prrsiilrnt JoHN COWI.DP, Chairman oj the Hoard KKNNK.TH MArDoNAt.n, Eiliiof and Publisher DAVID Kni:im..Mi,n, General Mnnager A. KDWAIW HUNS Mnnaainft Ktllinr I.AI iu::< .Sin II. Kililnrinl I'aff. Kililnr Loris IF. Nonius, Business Manager Nixon's New-Old Asia Policy One value In President Nixon's round- the-world trip is the chance it gives him to air his new Asian policy. The policy has been taking shape (or some tiirm, and bits of it have been unveiled before. Rut in Asia he is spelling it out more fully. The President started outlining it at Guam, not for direct quotation. In the Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand he was willing to be quoted. Asian security from now on, the President said,' is primarily up to Asians. The United States will continue to honor its commitments, such as the Southeast Asia Treaty. It will continue to be a Pacific power, greatly interested in events in Asia. But United States armed forces will not come running just because somebody asks. If this formula sounds familiar, it should. President Eisenhower talked that way in getting the Korean hostilities stopped and in keeping out of the French war in Vietnam. The Philippines worry both ways, fearing that America won't defend them in a crunch but also that the American alliance is pretty overpowering. Indonesia is "non-aligned" and wants lo slay that way. Thailand made deep commitments to America's side in Ihc Vietnam war and now fears America is running out on it. India is non-aligned but took American military supplies during its brief war with mainland China. Pakistan is still nominally an American ally but took deep offense at American aid to India and flirts with Russia and China. Every Asian country is different. Japan, which President Nixon pointedly did not visit, is perhaps the most interesting case of all. Both Johnson and Nixon Administrations hoped a rearmed Japan would take over major security responsibilities in Asia. Japan has made it clear it has no such intention, and docs not even plan to rearm; not now, anyway. Far from feeling "protected" by American power, Japan would like to get American troops out of Vietnam and American nuclear weapons and combat missions out of Okinawa. President Nixon's new Asian policy is not just a response to the stubborn realities of Vietnam but also to many other developments in Asia, including this surprising attitude of Japan and In- done s i a ' s surprising transformation from Communist patsy and inflation-ridden mess into something much more hopeful. Unsatisfactory Explanation Senator Edward Kennedy did not give a reasonable or satisfactory explanation of his failure to report his car accident which caused the death by drowning of Mary Jo Kopechne. In his TV speech he himself said this lapse was indefensible. But he still left to speculation why he allowed 10 hours to pass after he went away from the car containing the young woman's body before tie reported to the police. Was 1 he out of his mind, dazed and confused? That is the impression his speech leaves. But his first reaction, according to his story, was rational: He dived "repeatedly" to the sunken car trying to rescue the girl. Also his friends, Joseph Gargan and Paul Markham, came back' with him to the car and tried to rescue the girl, he said. Then rationality departed, apparently. Why did his friends fail to report? They are attorneys, with a confidential relationship to a client, and Kennedy told them to say nothing, but how could they have failed to persuade him in his own interest to report immediately? With these uncertainties, grave doubts will remain about Kennedy's emotional stability and character. The least dam- aging, and most forgiveable, explanation which the public might infer from the facts it has been given is that Kennedy was so shattered emotionally he could not act. All of us can understand that and be sympathetic. But such instability is inconsistent with high public office. Even more damaging to Kennedy's political future is. the inference which can be drawn that he wanted to hide the full story. The American people.can forgive and forget many weaknesses in their political leaders, but they will not forget or forgive anything that looks like failure to face the cosequences of one's acts. Kennedy's plea of guilty to leaving the scene of an accident was forthright, but it could have the effect of precluding other legal action, with the calling of witnesses which might clear up the whole story. As long as this cloud hangs over the incident, it would seem that Kennedy will go nowhere politically. Despite his personal charm and political skill, which already have given him considerable authority in the United States Senate, Kennedy is likely to lose influence. At this point, and assuming he says no more about the Kopechne case, it would seem most improbable that he could be a factor in the presidential race of 1972. Common Market Beckons The foreign ministers of the six Common Market countries have agreed to hold a conference this fall to restudy Britain's seven-year-old application -for membership. Maurice Schumann, the French foreign minister, took the initiative toward re-opening the question of British membership. This shows, as had been predicted, that the French veto on British membership ended with the electoral defeat and resignation of General De Gaulle. Of course, this action by the Common Market foreign ministers does not mean that Britain will join the Market immediately. It will take months and years of working out the conditions for British membership before the merger can take place. One of the biggest problems will be in the field of agriculture. Britain has a direct subsidy- system to support farm income, whereas the Common Market countries generally rely on price supports, backed up by variable tariffs to protect the home market. Contemplation of the adjustments needed to bring Britain into the Common Market may be worse than the actual adjustments. This certainly was true of the adjustments the six continental countries had. to make to meet the requirements of the Treaty of Rome. Some opposition to membership in the Common Market has arisen in Britain since De Gaulle vetoed the proposition. However, the majority opinion apparently still favors membership. Although Britain probably can't become a member for five or six years, if agreement is reached on membership, then Britain undoubtedly will begin to have some influence on Common Market policy. Also, British internal policy will be affected by developments in the Common Market. In short, the world will begin to look at "Europe" as including Britain. This could well be the first step toward a larger political concept of a united Europe, including the Scandinavian countries which are tied so closely to Britain by trade. From the United States viewpoint, this would be all to the good — considering the economic interests of this country, the political importance to us of a strong and democratic Europe and the military importance of a stronger European system. Attack on Infant Malnutrition A supplemental food program for pregnant and nursing mothers and children under five will be started in Iowa next month on a small scale. The food will be distributed initially in eight of Iowa's 99 counties: Scott, Allamakee, Winnishiek, Clayton, Fayette, Bremer,. Chickasaw and Howard. The program was devised in the last few weeks of the Johnson Administration to benefit those who are most vulnerable to the effects of inadequate diets. The U.S. Department of Agriculture buys the food and ships it to the states, which then assume the responsibility of distributing it.to persons with poverty-level incomes. The food has been available in Iowa for about three months but its distribution has been delayed because of difficulty getting a new program going. Public and private agencies, including medical and osteopathic societies, the state departments of health and social services, the state Office of Economic Opportunity, regional community action agencies and others had to learn about the program and establish procedures for screening applicants and making the food available. In addition, approval had to be obtained from the USDA of a state plan submitted by the Department of Social Services. The combination of a change in national Administrations and the new program was probably responsible for the long delay between submission of the plan last April and final approval in mid-July. Limitation of the program to eight counties at the outset may be disappointing to welfare officials in other counties. But the gradual start could turn out to be a blessing. The experience gained in the seven northeastern counties, which have populations ranging from approximately 13,000 to 28,000, and Scott County, with a population around 120,000, will be useful when the program is extended to other counties as money from the USDA's 1970 appropriations becomes available to buy more food. The new program is a welcome addition to this cquntry's efforts to abolish hunger and malnutrition. It is important because of its potential for giving many children a healthy start in life that they might not otherwise get. A graying and elderly gentleman asked the suit salesman in the department., store for something that would make him look a little younger. To which the salesman replied: "Have you tried going out with older women?", — Tulsa World. Government Gobbledegook: The Air force slocks an item it calls "aerodynamic personnel decelerator." Translation—parachute. — Marshalltown Tunes- Republican. Legislation is always a few jumps behind the crooks. — Hardin County Tunes. IJ5TTEHS to tlic EDITOR Says Doctors on Call For Heart Unit To IM Editor: . . .The |ead paragraph of your article I "No Doctor at Hospital; Heart Victim Turned Away," July 22], stated a man suffering a heart attack was turned away from Iowa Lutheran Hospital because "it did not have a physician to staff its intensive care heart center." This is false. Several heart specialists are on the staff of our coronary care unit who can be reached at all times. The fact that our unit was full to capacity. . .was not mentioned. Unless a patient can be monitored on a cardiac oscilloscope, he has no protection against a possible stoppage of the heart. Your article gave the erroneous impression that nurses in a coronary unit have carte blanche to administer medicine to patients. Nurses are empowered by physicians to give certain medications to prevent dangerous heart irregularities from developing and to initiate resuscitation procedures immediately in the event of heart stoppage. They do not have the authority to diagnose or manage medical treatment. The patient was not "turned away" but re-routed. When the message was radioed in that a patient was on the way, the "hospital official" had a decision to make. Knowing there was no physician at the hospital at that time and that all monitoring equipment was already in use, he wisely suggested the patient be transported to Broadlawns, which had an intern on duty who could initiate immediate medical treatment. . . i Many physicians, hospital officials and community leaders have been meeting for several months formulating plans for a coronary care ambulance that would dispatch a nurse, medical assistant, and all necessary monitoring and resuscitative equipment to the patient's home. This would afford the heart attack victim all possible protection enroute to a hospital and alleviate a repetition of last Sunday evening. . . —Mrs. Marcia Fox, R.N., head nurse, Coronary Unit, Iowa Lutheran Hospital, Des Moines. Blames War Cost, Not Moon Shot To the Editor: Are your taxes too, high? Are you bothered by inflation? Are you saddened by the plight of the cities? ... Be at east! Blame it all on the space program ! After all, we spend $4 billion a year on it, and with such an astronomical sum we could work wonders elsewhere, right? Why, $4 billion is 2 per cent of our national budget. It would finance the whole Vietnam war for ten weeks. It is one-half of what we pay for the interest on the national debt each year. Just dispose of the space program and all our problems will be solved. Right? Wrong! Social progress and scientific progress are not incompatible. Is it the $4 billion for space or the $80 billion for the military every year that drains our resources? Is it the $24 billion over 10 years of space research or the $300 every year for Vietnam that holds us back? Let's inject a little realism into the discussion of our national priorities. It's not the space program which thwarts us, but military spending and antiquated urban and social institutions which impair the well-being of all our citizens — Ron Masters, 1406 N. 4th Ave. W., Newton, la. 50208. Enough for Both To tht Editor i We have been hearing a great deal about the similarity in the cost of sending a man to the moon and the cost of insuring every American a decent living. That $24 billion, however, reminds me of another figure — the monetary cost this year of the Vietnamese War. Were the United States a little more serious about world peace, the broadening of man's knowledge, and the enrichment of the human environment there is money that could be reallocated to provide both for the building of a better America and the exploration of the heavens. — Ivan T. Webber in, 1032 Kirkwood blvd., Davenport, la. Deplores Cutting Power to Poor , To thi Editor! Thank you for your article July 25 concerning the 19 families that had to go without gas and electricity for a day. It shows that some changes are needed around here. The owner of the buildings and executives of Iowa Power fell all over themselves to remain blameless. If they are blameless, it looks as though we have to blame the building tenants. They are to blame for having faith that the landlord had their interests at heart. They are to be blamed for being poor. They must be blamed for having to seek legal aid just to be able to feed their children. Does the thought of losing a few precious Iowa Power bucks mean more than sick or hungry children?. . . — Tom Knight, 1331 Harrison eve., Dei Moines. Advises Young: Save Money Now To Editor) I [frequently] read of the woes of our Social Security recipients. . .Some are grateful for what they receive and some say they barely get enough. Whoever said the Social Security system was set up so a person could retire on it?. . .People are led to believe that what they pay into Social Security will keep them when they decide to retire. With rising taxes and cost of living, this is a dream. Someone had better pass, the word to the new generation and let them know they had better save some of their earnings during their productive years. . . — Francis L. Fye, Ollie, la., 52576. "One small step for the taxpayer, one giant leap for tax reform." Sees Nixon Moving Toward Global Military Fullback Hy Richard Wilson (Rtililtr't WMhlrafM Conwondtnj) EN ROUTE WITH NIXON — The circumstances of President Nixon's public disclosure of his policy to reduce .greatly and completely alter American military commitments in Asia gave this important declaration added force. It was necessary to be in Guam, which is a major American military base, and listen to the President speak for 55 minutes in the most persuasive way at his command to realize the full impact of his decision. He gave his discourse in the luxurious officers club of the Agana air base, a circumstance which perhaps had some symbolic finality about it. The least-noticed part of the President's discussion was a rather casual reference to his intention to reduce American military involvement all over the world and not merely in Asia. The final result of this venture cannot be foreseen. But what can be foreseen is the first determined effort by an American President to extricate the United States from the immense military burdens it has tried to carry since the end of World War II in maintaining order in the world. How to Be Convincing The President said something else not much noted. An enormous amount of his time and that of his associates, he said, is being taken up by his attempt to find just how to do that. This is probably the heart of the problem; how to avoid military involvement and still carry conviction as the leader of the free world. Essentially, as Nixon said, there was nothing new in his discourse. His chief national security adviser, Henry Kissinger, had said it all a week before in a briefing of reporters traveling with the President. Secretary of State William Rogers has been hinting at this new approach for a couple of months. The policy could be deduced from the beginning of troop withdrawals from Vietnam. Emphasis Revealing What was new was that the President himself was now ready to articulate publicly his long-term aim of shifting to the governments of Asian nations the responsibility for their own security. He decided not to do this in Washington as he had first planned but to do so on the closest American threshold to Asia a day before he met with Asian leaders. The transcript of Nixon's discourse at Guam does not convey the full flavor of it because it does not reveal his emphasis and tone of voice. The cold words are carefully hedged as a long-term policy looking down the road 5, 10 or 15 years. But Nixon's manner and intonation gave his policy more immediacy than that, and it could be concluded that he is hastening the Vietnam withdrawal and getting ready to pull forces out of Thailand, too. His true mood was probably revealed in his emphasis on reports he said he had received from the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Earle Wheeler, that the South Vietnamese army is doing well in taking over responsibilities relinquished by American troops. If this is the case, Nixon would have a reason for speeding up the withdrawal. Since assuming the presidency, Nixon has moved by progressive steps toward what must now be considered his policy of total military disengagement in Southeast Asia. His rationalizations have become increasingly precise, and now he is arguing the case without much reservation. Johnson Era At an End There are aspects of his rationalization which are hard to understand. We will not have a policy of intervention, but withdrawal is ruled out, too. It probably will be harder to maintain peace in Asia in the future than in Europe but we must avoid creeping involvement that will eventually submerge us. This raises rational doubts on how the free nations of Asia are to sustain their territorial and political integrity if it is taken'for granted in advance that the United States will not intervene except in the remote contingency of nuclear threats against them. The doubts, however, have all been resolved in favor of a high policy determination for progressively decreasing military involvement. The Johnson era in Asia has definitely come to an end and the Nixon policy on non-intervention has begun. Asia for the Asians. We will help the free nations fight their own fight against internal subversion but we will not fight their wars for them. No more Koreas. No more Vietnams. That is the message 'Nixon has carried to Asia, whether the Asians like it or not. The President has moved faster and gone farther than seemed likely when'he took office six months ago. British Have Problems With New 'Easier' Abortion Law Published by arrangement with The Economist of London. mHE ABORTION ACT, like the case J. law that preceded it, allows doctors a wide range of individual opinion on how to interpret it. It also allows them to refuse, on grounds of conscience, to carry out an abortion at all. The natural result is a growing demand for private abortions from women who have been turned down flatly by conscientiously objecting health service doctors and by those who interpret the law honestly but strictly. But, of course, a flourishing private practice in abortion is not new. It existed when doctors had to rely on case law to give it a veneer of legality. Now, however, it has ceased to be clandestine, and its extent has become known. How many so-called Barley Street abortions were carried out before the act was passed no one knows. (Harley Street is the location of many fashionable London physicians). But it is silly to talk, as some do, as though a few doctors did not earn large incomes from this source previously. They are now, however, under attack from two quarters: (1) the abortion reformers resent them because, it is argued, their flourishing practice reflects the shortage of health service facilities and health service doctors willing to undertake abortion; (2) the medical —or rather the gynecological — establishment resents them because it thinks that to earn big money in this way brings the whole of the profession into disrepute. But neither 1 side's proposals for ending the so-called abuses in the private sector are acceptable. The provision of special abortion clinics within the health service will not increase the number of doctors and nurses. Reformers are inclined to forget that it is not merely the operation that creates demands on hospital facilities but also the previous assessment of the case by two doctors to determine whether an abortion is justifiable. It is this assessment that tends to go by the board in private practice. As for the other proposal — to restrict the right to perform an abortion to a doctor with a consultant post in the health service or its equivalent — its effect — given the comparatively few doctors (about 600) who would qualify — wouldmerely be to intensify the pressure on the health service. Caught between these cross-currents [Minister of Health Richard] Grossman is keeping himself afloat and refraining from panic. Nor is he unduly worried about reports of plane-loads of Danish girls arriving here for abortions. No one can come expressly to have these, or any other form of medical treatment, free on the health service. And since the Scandinavian abortion laws are at least as liberal as Britain's, Danes are unlikely to come in large enough numbers to push up prices in the private sector much farther. London "the abortion capital of the world," with 38,000 abortions in the whole of the country in a year? Budapest alone has had 55,000. Hope to Predict Weather 1 to 3 Weeks Ahead By Alfred Friendly GENEVA, SWITZERLAND - Is • weather forecasting for more than 24 hours in advance inherently possible? Most meteorologists think it is, but cannot prove it. Here at the United Nations headquarters of the World Meteorological Organization, scientists are proposing that -sometime in the mid-1970s the nations of (he world spend about $100 million, or about 5 per cent more than they will b« disbursing by that time on regular weather services, to see if weather prediction from one to three weeks in advance can be done, what it would cost and how to do it. Practical consequences might be measured in billions of dollars in savings, and incalculable personal benefits. A survey in the United States suggests that "perfect" forecasting for one to ten days in the future would save 10 per cent of present losses caused by weather in such areas as construction, agriculture, transportation and public utilities. Would it not be nice - arid also hugely profitable — to know for sure that a storm likely to paralyze air transport for two days on the Atlantic coast was due in one week? Or that next week Glacier National Park would be cloudless, but Bryce and Zion rainy? 90 Per Cent Accurate The present state of the art of 12- to 24- hour predicting is not that perfect, but still pretty good. If one ascribes the figure of 50 per cent to the accuracy obtained by a forecast based merely on what the average of tfle weather has been in previous years for that time and place, the scientific predictions of the weather services in the developed countries bring the figure up to 90 per cent. But their five-day forecasts improve the degree of accuracy only to 60 per cent, or not much better than what you would get by assuming the usual weather for that date and region. But is five-day, not to mention 21-day, forecasting possible, even if the weather bureaus were armed with the mete- Alfred Friendly, former managing editor of the Washington Post, is now a roving correspondent in Europe /or tht Post. orological facts about every square degree of the globe, from the surface to the stratosphere? Obviously, since they remain in the business, the meteorologists are deeply persuaded that accurate long-range forecasting is possible. They are convinced that given observations in enough variety, frequency and especially universality, it will be possible to understand the dynamics of the world's weather system — how heat is lifted upward to the clouds, how it is there converted into the kinetic energy of wind and current and how the balance of solar radiation of the surface is thereby changed. With that understanding can come the creation of the equations that make prediction possible. Huge Test In America Accordingly, the World Meteorological Organization and the International Council of Scientific Unions have proposed and won agreement in principle for what has been called the most ambitious plan of international co-operation in science ever undertaken. It is the Global Atmospheric Research Program, set for 1974-75. This is dependant on a prior field test, a huge one, to be done in 1973 by the U.S. government and the National Academy of Sciences. Like the enormous world study to follow, the American test requires not only a great expansion of existing weather monitoring facilities — ships, planes, automated buoys, weather balloons and weather satellites — but also new and vastly improved varieties of satellites, and computers 100 times more powerful than those of the pcesent generation. (One of the big, new computers, Iliac 4, is already in operation.) Russia Very Interested The United States will do the largest single share of work and financing in the world program, but the rest of the world's nations must do a great part, and most seem willing. The Soviet Union in particular is highly co-operative. Like chess and calculated disagreeableness, meteorology is a Soviet specialty. Considering the huge area and climatic severities of the Soviet Union, and its centrally planned economy, it is clear what an enormous stake the Russians have in the achievement of de- p e n d a b 1 e long-range weather predictions. . I As nearly as one can calculate in an .economic area almost as incalculable as the weather itself, nations benefit on a ratio of 10 to 1 from their investment in weather services. Putting another $100 million into them should, therefore, produce a rich dividend. <E> W»«hlnglon Port •till UW i

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