Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on July 2, 1973 · Page 6
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July 2, 1973

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 6

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Monday, July 2, 1973
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vmuta niiTiPii^-'-mir 11 c tiv 8ULLDOQ A«2 Tile Aflzotm Repuhlic' 4 /MMMX, Monday, Jrty 2, Conference to open- on Europe security Associated Press HELSINKI, Finland - A Soviet Embassy diplomate arrived at the Finnish Foreign Ministry at 5 a.m. one day last week and stood outside until opening time hours later. He arrived early to make certain that Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko was inscribed first on the list of visiting speakers at the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe starting Tuesday. : Gromyko, U.S. Secretary of State William P. Rogers and the foreign ministers of 33 other countries, including Canada and all of Europe except Albania, will meet in Helsinki's white marble Finlandia Hall in a new effort to stabilize peace on this conti- n e n t through multinational agreements. Participants were gathering Sunday for the conference, which has been a major goal of Soviet foreign policy for 18 years. Some, diplomats are calling it a modern version of the Congress of Vienna in 1814-15 which produced agreements that governed European relations for a century. There is a basic difference. The Congress of Vienna realigned borders while'the Soviet Union has been promoting the European security- conference as a method of nailing down the frontiers created by World War II. The United States and other North Atlantic Treaty Organization countries long resisted such a meeting, arguing it would be mainly a propaganda exercise. But in the glow of the Brezhnev-Nixon summit, the all-German settlement and ether moves toward East- West relaxation, hopes are rising for some concrete successes. The West's condition for participation was inclusion on the agenda of East-West cultural, educational and peo- ple-to-people contacts — the free movement of men, information and ideas through frontiers. The Soviet Union and its allies have long denounced this as ideological subversion. But a senior State Department source said in Washington last week chances are now better than 50-50 that Moscow eventually will agree to increased human contact such as movement of newsmen and noninterference with western broadcasts. Another western proposal Moscow has agreed to discuss is prior notification of military maneuvers. The Helsinki conference will bring out the latest ideas of East and West, aligned and nonaligned, the superpowers and the smallest of all — Vatican City. With only 1,000 inhabitants the papal domain is participating in an international political conference for the first time in 150 years. The foreign m i n i s t e r s' meeting, expected to run about a week, follows six months of preparation at the level of ambassadors. The ministers are expected to adopt a 30-page agenda and directives on European security and cooperation. Then, if all goes well, the conference will move from Helsinki to Geneva for committee sessions on the details — probably in September. This would be followed by another high-level meeting in Helsinki, perhaps in 1974. The security-cooperation conference is organized separately but parallel to East- West talks starting in Vienna Oct. 30 on mutual and balanced troop reduction. v Purely military subjects are reserved for the Vienna negotiations. The aim of Helsinki is to produce multinational agreements on subjects ranging from sovereignty of nations and frontiers to cooperation in such areas as science and the environment. Ulster leaders endorse religious-coalition idea United Press International BELFAST - The leaders of both major politial parties in Northern Ireland Sunday en. dorsed the possibility of the ; formation of a Roman Catho' lie-Protestant coalition to govern the troubled province. The British army meanwhile reported that a gunman shot and "killed a soldier in .the Roman Catholic Ballymurphy district of Belfast Sunday. The soldier was member .of a patrol moving through G1 e n a 1 i n a road. Troops did not return the fire but began a search for the marksman. Former prime mini s t e r Brian Faulkner, leader of the primarily Protestant Unionist Party, said he was convinced a power sharing arrangement could be reached. Gerry Fitt, leader of the predominantly Catholic Social Democratic and Labor Party (SDLP), called it a mandate from the electorate. "Voters have shown that a get-together of the political parties is what they want," Fitt said. "I am not going to find it impossible to talk to anyone in the new assembly." The comments came after the last votes were counted Saturday night in the general election to pick a new Northern Ireland assembly. In the balloting, the SDLP emerged as a major political force for the first time, taking 19 of the 78 seats being contested. It was this coupled with a serious split in the pre- Defense minister of Iraq assassinated Associated Press BEIRUT, Lebanon — The Iraqi defense minister was assassinated by antiregime plotters led by the Iraqi security chief, Baghdad announced Sunday. An Iraqi radio broadcast said Gen. Hamad Shibab, defense minister and a member of the ruling Revolutionary Council Command, was gunned down by "a clique of traitors." There were unconfirmed reports the assassination might have been part of an attempt to overthrow the ruling Baa- thist Party and the regime of President Ahmed Hassan el Bakr. The broadcast announcing the "martyrdom" of Shibab .reported that Interior Minister Saadun Ghaydan also was wounded in the snooting. i There was no mention of Bakr. Egypt's Middle East News Agency quoted an official statement issued in Baghdad accusing security director Na- fclm K§4zar of masterminding the plot. The statement said Kazzar invited Shibab and Ghaydan to a banquet Saturday night and sprang a trap on them and other officials at the dinner. "When his plot was uncovered, he attempted to escape in the direction of Zerbatia near the Iranian border, hold* ing the two ministers and other officials as prisoners," said the statement carried by the agency. "At Zerbatia, Kazzar and his accomplices were over* powered and arrested. Before Kazzar and his accomplices were arrested, they shot and killed Gen. Shibab in the shoot-out." It was not Immediately clear how the Kazzar forces and their hostages traveled to Zerbatia or exactly when the killing took place. There was no indication in the Iraqi statements whether the plot was widespread among security forces or whether it was aimed at overthrowing the Bakr regime. The president had just returned from state visits to Bulgaria and Poland. His government, operating on the principle of Arab socialism, has tightened Iraqi relations with the Soviet Union and other Communist countries and has received strbng arms aid from the Soviets. It has been plagued recently, however, by a renewal of troubles with rebellious Kurds in northern Iraq. An accord with Kurd leader Mulla Mustafa Barzani was supposed to have settled the revolt and granted increased Kurd independence,, but recent reports from Baghdad have indicated more bloody clashes. The Iraqi director of security broadcast a call-up of police officers and indicated emergency security precautions were being enforced in Baghdad, according to the radio broadcast. The radio canceled regular programs and played Koranic verses, customary at times of tragedies, deaths of prominent leaders and assassins' tions of top politicians. Shihab was a member of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council, which, under the leadership of Bakr, came to power after a coup d'etat in July 1968. Iraq, a triangular-shaped country of 438,446 square miles, lies between Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Iran. It also has short stretches of border with Turkey and Kuwait and some coastline along the Persian Gulf, which Arabs call the Arabian Gulf. The Bakr regime has been charged with repressive po- 1 i c e measures, particularly against Jews in the capital of Baghdad. Bakr got caught up in a border dispute with Kuwait earlier this summer in what some observers charged was an attempt to claim Kuwaiti land on the gulf to establish a good port for oil shipments by the national Iraqi oil company. Associated Press Mrs. Shirley Bullen leaves her London suburban home for a visit with her baby daughter Kristen, in hospital following a kidnaping last Monday. Parents get 1st look at kidnaped baby Egypt lags Pakistan chief hopes to boost his position with visit to U.S. Associated Press viously monolithic Protestant support of Faulkner's unionists that created the conditions for a coalition. Faulkner's supporters gained 25 seats in the voting, but Protestant parties opposed to his acceptance of a government white paper on Northern Ireland's political future likewise won 25 seats. The remaining nine seats went to the middle-of-the-road Alliance and Labor parties. Faulkner said the outcome reflected a public rejection of violence and a general desire for the two religious communities to work together. "I am absolutely convinced it (a power sharing arrangement) is the will of the people and that it can be done," he told reporters. Political sources called the results a major defeat for the Protestant and Catholic elements identified with the gunmen and bombers of the re- gin and especially for the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Before the election, the IRA Provisional wing urged Catholics to mutilate their ballots, but election officials said this occurred on less than 2 per cent of the votes cast in the heavy turnout. Political sources said this offered a good gauge to the •public's disillusionment with the violence between the two religious communities that has killed 840 persons in the past four years. LONDON — A young couple went to a hospital here Sunday for the first look at their baby daughter since she was kidnaped, abandoned and found dangerously ill in woods near their home. . The father, choking back his tears, said, "There is a very slim chance." Kristen Bullen, 7 weeks old, was taken from her baby carriage last Monday, police reported. Authorities mounted a highly publicized search for the infant, who needs regular drug treatment for a nervous disorder. Two fishermen found her Saturday two miles from home under a tree in open woods. Police said Kristen had been left without food or shelter for up to 36 hours. She was taken to a hospital and placed in an incubator where officials said she was "still ciritically ill." Raymond Bullen,the father, told newsmen afer seeing the baby: 'The child looks terrible; it couldn't be worse." "The doctors are doing their best, but there is not a great chance," Bullen, 29, added in a barely audible voice. "Only an animal could have done this." A hospital spokesman said Sunday night that Kristen was suffering from pneumonia. The mother, Shirley Bullen, 27, said she was "far too upset" to talk. Detective chief superintendent Alan Jones, who led the search for Kristen, said whoever took the baby probably was a local person "not in command of their full senses." "To take a baby is one thing, but to lease it in such a secluded spot is another," he said. Kristen was taken from the baby carriage where her mother had left her outside a public lavatory in the London suburb of Bromley. The desperate parents issued numerous appeals for her return, warning that the child needed the drug phenobarbi- tone three times a day to prevent nervous convulsions. Police issued descriptions of two women, believed to be mother and daughter, seen near the kidnaping scene. One was carrying a baby wrapped in white. Police also brought in extra men to join the search. l/JV. economists wary of quick inflation curb Associated Press UNITED NATIONS, N,.Y. U.N. economists warn.'thatif governments slam the brakes too hard on inflation, they may slow the recent spurt in the world's output. "In the effort to cope with inflation, governments may resort to more general monetary curbs or fiscal action that will slow down the growth in production, if not in 1973 then in 1974," they say in the World Economic .Survey for 1972. Their warning comes as the United States fights inflation with boosts in interest rates, curbs in government spending and a wage-price regulatory system due for another revision soon. The economic survey, written by experts here, will go on the agenda of the U..N Germans stall nuclear-unity plan Associated Press LONDON — Prime Minister Edward Heath's pet planter combining the British and French nuclear arsenals is in new trouble, this time frpm West Germany. Senior allied diplomats reported Sunday Chancellor Willy Brandt's government has informally advised the British and French formation of such a force, to serve as a European deterrent, should Dot precede forming a European political union. This is not foreseen before 1980. The European political un- ioo should exercise control of any nuclear deterrent deployed in defense of allied Europe, Brandt feels. A British-French nuclear force created before political union, would decrease, rather than increase, allied security, he reportedly said, because it would add to pessures for reduction of American military power in Europe. Neither Heath nor President Georges Pompidou of France wants to risk alienating the West European leader who has done more to ease tensions with the Communist world than any other. British authorities also claim to recognize the validity of West German arguments. Pompidou's government, in the view of informants, is cool to the British proposal for other reasons. France's controversial nuclear arms program is far from complete. Until it can stand on its own, prospects of 1 i n ki n g with Britain seem slight. Premier Pierre Messmer was quoted last week: "There can be no serious question of a Franco-British nuclear force, because such a force would raise the question of who would command it. "Who would have his finger on the trigger? Besides, two forces capable of action are worth more than their sum." economic and Social Council in Geneva on Wednesday as raw material for economic debate among delegates of its 27 member countries, among them U.S. Ambassador John A. Scali. The 109-page survey reports that in 1972 world production went up 5Vfe per cent, a third more than the previous year, and world trade was up 8 per cent, slightly more than in 1971. There were "relatively high" rates of growth in gross domestic product reaching 9.2 per cent in Japan, 6.4 per cent in the United states and 5% per cent in Canada and France. Such countries "are expected to maintain, if not increase, their expansion" during 1973, the survey says, and demand combined with this vigorous growth "should provide powerful stimuli to international trade." At the same time, it says, moving into 1973, world prim a r y commodity supplies were tight, food and other consumer prices were rising faster and faster in North America and Western Europe, and "most countries were experiencing great difficulty in keeping wage settlements in line with growth and productivity norms." The survey notes "the coexistence of unemployment and inflation" as a recent oddity and suggests one reason is that skilled workers cushioned by higher incomes and social security benefits "have become increasingly selective in their work choices." on merger with Libya United Press International BEIRUT — Egypt's political leaders Sunday appeared to have turned down Libyan Col. Moammar Khadafy's plans for an immediate and complete merger of the two Arab countries, according to re- 'ports reaching political sources here. Khadafy took his cause for a full merger between Egypt and Libya to the leaders of the Arab Socialist Union, Egypt's only political party, at a meeting Sunday in Cairo. But at the three-hour meeting, which was attended by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, the majority of ASU officials taking the floor advocated a stage-by-stage Egyptian-Libyan union. At one point in the debate, Khadafy defended the cultural revolution currently under way in Libya aimed at turning over authority to the people. "No reasonable man would agree to the halt of the cultural revolution, because this would be an arrest of development," the sources quoted Khadafy as saying. Then the Libyan leader told the ASU officials. "If you are afraid of the cultural revolution, this would mean that you are reactionaries, incapable of understanding Islam or therEgyp- tian revolution of July 23, 1952." As the meeting was in progress, Libyan Premier Abdel Salam Jalloud arrived unexpectedly in Cairo, presumably to take part in the merger talks. Khadafy has been in Cairo since June 22 for discussions on the union which is scheduled for September. Khadafy already met parliament and groups of Egyptian newsmen and will meet the cabinet Wednesday. During Sunday's discussion, Khadafy said "there was no question" that Sadat will be the president of the new state, and indicated that he wanted to retire once the union was realized. But Sadat said Khadafy "should continue with us to the end." The ASU officials who spoke at the meeting said Egyptians should "learn from the lessons of the past" and noted that their union with Syria which began in 1958 collapsed three years later. The o f f i c i a 1 s raised the question of the vast differences between the Egyptian and Libyan population numbers and per capita incomes. One official complained that some Egyptians were ill- treated in Lybia "although we never heard of a Libyan being ill - treated in Egypt." Associated Press WASHINGTON - Pakistan President Zulfikar AH Bhutto is coming here for a six-day official visit in mid-July to demonstrate to his neighbors and the world that he has powerful friends in the White House and Congress. It will be the first visit of a Pakistan leaders ince Mo- Pakistan leaders since Mo- here with the late President Lyndon B. Johnson in December 1965. And it will be American-educated Bhtto's first opportunity to meet President Nixon since Bhotto came to power 18 months ago. Pakistan then had just been dismembered in the war with India that created Bangladesh and was in the depths of defeat and despair. In the opinion of Ameican experts, Bhotto has sprung back into a far stronger position than was believed possible. According to well-qualified diplomatic sources, Bhutto feels strong enough now to take the initiative on two fronts toward his neighbors. One move is to obtain the authorization of the National Assembly, dominated by his Peoples Party, for the recognition of Bangladesh, the lost eastern wing of Pakistan. The other Bhutto move is toward the renewal of official talks with India in accord with a similar agreement worked out one year ago. The United States has cast a sympathetic eye on the problems of South Asia but there is a reluctance here to become involved. The mood The Arizona Republic Published every morning by Phoenix Newspapers, Inc. (120 East Van Buren) P.O. Box 1950 Phoenix, Arizona 85001 Telephone 271-8000 Subscription Prices Carriers or Dealers in Arizona Republic (Morn. & Sun.) 90c week Republic (Morning) 55c wk. (Circulation mail rates appear in the Classified section of each edition.) Second class postage paid at Phoenix, Ariz. Monday, July 2, 1973 Vol. 84, No. 47 in Washington is to let Paki- then if Uncle Sam can help stan, India and Bangladesh with some transportation or work out their problems and expertise, it will be offered.; DaViD'S PRICES LOWERED IN MEN'S SHOE SALE regularly 21.00 to 46.00 Florsheim „*«. 23 M -32 80 Roblee ^ 17 80 -23 80 Pedwin u P ,. 25 16 M -19 80 Cordleigh »,*» 17 80 -21 80 Hush Puppies i6«.iu. 12 80 714 PAIRS OF NEW MEN'S FLORSHEIM SHOES HAVE BEEN ADDED TO OUR SALE SHOES Park Central • Chris-Town • Thomas Mall Tri-City, Mesa • Los Arcos, Scottsdale Daws PRICES LOWERED IN WOMEN'S SUMMER SHOE SALE regularly 10.00 to 25.00 6 97 to 19 97 AIR STEP LIFE STRIDE COBBLERS PENALJO MISS AMERICA FLORSHEIM PARMA LORALEEN KARLEE Hundreds of white dress shoes, casuals and summer sandals have been added to our sale • Park Central « Chris-Town t Thomas Mall t Tri-City, Mesa • Los Arcos, Scottsdale shop david's monday through friday evenings 'til 9 p.m.

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