The News from Frederick, Maryland on December 7, 1951 · Page 1
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The News from Frederick, Maryland · Page 1

Frederick, Maryland
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Friday, December 7, 1951
Page 1
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Today's News Today A P. LEASED WIRE AND FEATURES NEA FEATURE SERVICE Weather Forecast Rather cloudy with a few scattered thoworg in the mountains tonight and Saturdny. Lowest tonight 52/58, Not quite us worm west portion Saturday. VOL, LX1X.--NO. 46 Press Run Today I News--7.875 f Post --9.050 Total--16,925 FREDERICK, MD., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1951 SIXTEEN PAGES PRICE--THREE CENTS One-Way Streets In [City Ordered Mayor And Board Direct Cable Be Installed For New Traffic Lights The Board of Aldermen Thursday night authorized City Attorney E. Austin James to prepare a formal ordinance designating new major one-way streets in Frederck and directed that installation of cable for new traffic light systems be started on Monday, with the idea of pushing the work to completion as rapidly as possible. The one-way streets, as least as far as Market and Bentz streets are concerned, and the traffic light systems are closely connected since it is unlikely the two main north- south arteries will be designated for one-way traffic until the lights and certain controls--are installed. If It is hoped to get new cable on large sections of Market, Patrick and Bentz streets installed in several weeks. City -, Lineman Max Kehne's force will then install new traffic lights at certain Bentz street intersections and new controls for existing light on Bentz and on Market streets. - The ordinance to be presented to the board will designate Market street for one-way northbound traffic and Bentz street for one-way routhbound traffic between South nd Seventh streets. The only exception will be the so-called west lane of Bentz street between Fourth and Seventh streets which will carry only northbound traffic. The east lane between the same streets will carry the southbound traffic. Eventually, but probably not until spring, Patrick and South streets will become one-way over a large part of their routes for west and eastbound traffic, respectively. The ordinance will provide no arking on the north side of South street between Bentz and Market streets and no par-king on the south side of Seventh street between Bentz and Market streets. A conference between the Mayor and Aldermen and counsel for the I. O. O. F. Home here was set for next Wednesday morning relative to the acquisition of a small strip of land owned by the fraternal organization which the city needs for the extension of East street to the rNorth Market street pike. Condemnation proceedings have been entered in Circuit Court for the land in question. The East street extension plans are awaiting final approval from State and Federal roads sources. Mayor Donald B. Rice and the board spent several hours in conference concerning the 1952 budget. No announcement was made. The board set December 27 as the date on which it will sit as a Board of Equalization and Review, as re- yjtuired by law. On December 20, a public meeting will be held on the budget. Mayor Rice is attending a two- day meeting of the. Maryland League of Municipalities, being held today and Saturday at College Park. Faces Sentence Monday For Shooting Escapee BALTIMORE, Dec. 7 (/P)--A 17- A-ear-old Washington boy will be sentenced here Monday for the fatal shooting of a fellow escapee from the National Training School for Boys. Arthur Swann was convicted by a Federal Court jury yesterday of manslaughter in the death of Raymond Thorne. 16. Young Thome's body was found at Fort Meade not far from the Laurel, Md. school in the summer of 1950. more than six months after the escape. f» Swann returned to the school ·Shortly after he and Thorne disappeared. Several months later he led school officials to the body. At his trial yesterday, he did not testify. U. S. Attorney Bernard J. Flynn read a statement in which Swann was quoted as saying Thorne was killed with a shotgun stolen from an employe at the training school. The statement said the boys argued, scuffled, and the gun went ./iff, wounding Thorne. Swann ac- Widentally hit the gun as he knelt beside his fallen companion, the statement continued, causing the weapon to fire again and wound Thorne in the abdomen. Swann was committed to a mental hospital, September, 1950, after he was judged mentally unable to defend himself. Hospital authorities later said he had recovered enough to stand trial. Judge W. Calvin Chesnut heard the case and set Monday for sen- fencing. GRAND VISITATION MADE .A grand visitation, inspection and review of Jacques DeMolay Com- inandery No. 4, Knights Templar, was made Thursday evening by officers of the Grand Command- ery at the Masonic Temple. The grand officers were headed by John C. Weiss of Baltimore, the Right Eminent Grand Commander. Visitors were present from Cum% srland, Hagerstown and Rockville. he visitation, inspection and review was preceded by a dinner served by members of the Frederick Chapter, Order of Eastern Star. James I. Ewing is Eminent Commander of Jacques DeMolay Commandery. BISHOP BEATEN, CHARGE HONG KONG, Dec. 7 Catholic headquarters in Hong Kong said today Chinese Commun- ··JLsts have beaten an American Catholic bishop and threatened to -do it again unless he paid $6,000. Christmas Eve Is Made Legal Holiday BALTIMORE, Dec. 7 (fl)--Governor McKeldin today made Christmas Eve a legal holiday in Maryland this year. His»special declaration, will afford a four-day Christmas holiday for state employes--Saturday, Sunday. Monday and Tuesday. Christmas Eve is on Monday, Dec. 24. Official business will start rolling again Wednesday, Dec. 26. Declaration of the holiday also may mean that banks will close. There was no immediate indication whether they would. Members of the Baltimore Clsaring House Association discussed it informally but took no action immediately. If the banks close on Christmas Eve they probably will be open for business on Saturday. This is the usual procedure when a holiday falls on Monday. Vote To Delay Teacher Pay Action Now County Council Accedes To Request Of Local Assn. The Frederick County Teachers Association Wednesday evening asked the Parent-Teacher County Council to delay recommendations to county legislators on the salary bill passed by the State Legislature in February and vetoed by Governor Theodore R. M°cKeldin. The teacher's views on the highly controversial wage increase bill were presented at an executive committee meeting of the PTA Council augmented by presidents of the 16 local PTA county units. Donald McLuckie reported action taken earlier in the day during a meeting of the Teachers' Association legislative committee, of which Heisley B. Corun is chairman, adopting a program of awaiting developments at the state level before local recommendations are made. The PTA committee endorsed the teachers' view and voted to wait for some weeks before asking county representatives at Annapolis to revive the vetoed bill or substitute another for it. A spokesman for the teachers stressed the importance of a unified program of action in the county on the salary question. Originally, he pointed out, the teachers requested a $500 raise and the bill passed in February was a compromise measure on which the Governor's veto was a foregone conclusion. Some- new- -schedule for wages well may be set up for presentation to the next legislative session. The State Teachers Association legislative committee will meet in Baltimore in about two weeks and out of that session may come definite recommedations upon which the county groups will act after study. The Frederick PTA Council accepted that view and consented to await further action by local teachers. Council president Lee Feete, of Brunswick, presided at the meeting held in Parkway School and attended by 25 executive committee members and local presidents. Women Find Santa's Lap Is O. K. To Them NEW YORK, Dec. 7 (/P)--Department store Santa Clauses this season report a sharp upswing in adult attention--lap-sitting and all. One red-suite.d Santa said yesterday: "A distinguished old gentleman got up - on my lap -- must have weighed 200. Explained he wanted pictures to send to his nieces to prove that he and Santa were pals." Many stores feature a photo service for those wanting to be pictured with Santa Claus. Another Santa told of a girl in her 20's plopping into his lap for a picture. She said she wanted to send proof to her boy friend in Japan of the kind of company she was keeping. "One woman returned about seven times to sit on my knee," reported another whiskered gent, who added: "I guess she was the lonesome type. She said she wanted me for Christmas." 4-H And FFA Boys To Bid For Holsteins COLLEGE PARK. Dec. 7 (JP-Four-H club and FFA boys from throughout the state will get a chance to start ^purebred cattle breeding projects at the annual Holstein calf bidding session here Saturday. The (heifers are provided by the Maryland Holstein-Friesian Association and are made available, at moderate cost, to boys 10 years old or older, who belong to the 4-H or FFA, and who have never raised purebred cattle before. At the auction, the boys are given the opportunity to look over the 43 heifers, then draw lots to determine who shall be allowed to bid, and the order of bidding. Thus the boy who draws No. 1 will be given the first choice of the available stock, and so on. School Work Reviewed In Board Report Construction Totals Over $3,000,000 Since Program Was Launched Here Major school construction projects built, under construction or under contract in the county since the program got under way with the Thurmont High School addition total something over $3,000.000. a compilation of statistics showed today. Most of this information came from the annual report of the Frederick County Board jof Education, jus^t released in booklet form. In a survey of progress on the school building program, the report listed six projects costing $2,050,000. These were the completed addition at Liberty, Middletown High School, Brunswick elementary school, Woodsboro elementary school, Emmitsburg school addition and Walkersville school addition, all still under construction except for Walkersville. There was recently started a $312.281 elementary school in Frederick and work wffl start shortly ,on the 8253,571 addition to Lincoln i school for colored here. Finished jfor some time has been an addition at Thurmont school, which cost around $390,000, it is understood. The report lists this progress on the six projects outside Frederick i city: Middletown high, estimated cost with equipment §785,000, may be occupied during January. Brunswick elementary, estimated total cost $470,000, should be ready for occupancy early in 1952. Ready In January Woodsboro elementary, estimated total cost $166,000, should be occupied in January. Emmitsburg addition, estimated total cost $230,000, should be ready for occupancy in January. Liberty addition, completed last summer at total cost $260.420.55, occupied ( since opening or school. Walkersville addition, contract price $119,994, substantially completed, in use since September. The cost of these six projects is .being financed by the County Commissioners through direct levies and from the State loan pool, supplemented by the annual incentive fund which comes from the State direct to the Board of Education. The east end elementary school will be financed in a similar manner, but the commissioners have indicated they will finance Lincoln school addition locally, hoping that the county will be eligible for more State aid through 1952 legislative act. The county has exhausted its State grant money authorized by recent legislative act. The Board of Education report says that portion of the original "immediate" building program which applied to the city of Frederick has been modified within recent months to include only three projects--the two contracted for and a proposed 14-classroom elementary school on the Motter avenue property. The architect's conception of the latter school occupies the frontispiece of the report. Plans Completed Plans and specifications for the latter school have been completed and are on file in the board office, the report says, but no definite date has been set for advertising for proposals. It goes on to say that the Board of Education is not contemplating abandonment of North Market street school for some time to come because-'even if both buildings for white elementary children are constructed--in east Frederick and on Motter avenue--and the enrollment per teacher is reduced to 30, as required by law, it will still be necessary to operate North Market street as a ten or twelve-teacher school. Present plans, the report continues, call for the housing of approximately 250 pupils in the new east Frederick school and 450 in the Motter avenue school. Almost all the children for these schools will come from Parkway, Washington street and Elm street buildings. "After transfers are made it is expected that the Parkway school will then house no more than 450 pupils. North Market street. no more . than 350 and Washington Street school no more than 300. Present enrollments in these schools are: Parkway, 643: North Market street, 576; Washington street, 466." Bradley Head Is Assailed Bv Streit »/ Judge Says College Head Contributes To 'Moral Debasement' Of Guilty Men NEW YORK, Dec. 7 ;#--Judge Saul S. Streit today gave suspended sentences to three former Bradley university basketball stars in the bribery scandal and assailed David Owen,, Bradley president whom he said gave "university sanction to their moral debasement." The former players were Gene Melchiorre, George Chianakis and William Mann. They had pleaded guilty Oct 24 to a charge of conspiracy to fix a March 19, 1949 game with Bowling Green in Madison Square Garden. They faced a maximum sentence of three years in prison. The three were among 31 former players from seven schools involved in point-fixing scandals. Of the others, five have been sentenced to jail and nine others have received suspended sentences. "The defendants at the bar were corrupted and demoralized by a system which set athletic success I above education," Streit said. Declaring Owen "failed to guard the preeminence of academic standards," Streit declared: "By his acquiescence in their subsidization and his extensive travel- ling with the members of the team while their studies were ignored, he gave official university sanction to their moral debasement." The General Sessions court judge coupled his denunciation of Owen with an attack on "booster clubs" that want the best team "money can buy." It was the second broadside Streit delivered in the past month against commercialism in college athletics. Streit on Nov. 19 hit college football and basketball as sordid big business while sentencing five former players to jail and suspending sentences of nine others in the hoop scandal. The judge noted that fall three Bradley defendants were products of "normal home environments, reared by respectable, religious and God-fearing parents." Then he said: "So that here we find three products of acknowledged and inherent intrinsic value, turned over to an institution chartered by the stale of Illinois to develop and improve character, who were returned after four years of tutoring with visible moral blemishes." Streit told of cash paid to the three players by the Bradley Booster Club and said they took snap courses and got credit for activities ranging from "elementary badminton" to a co-ed dancing class Returning to Owen, the judge said: "It is interesting to note that until this past year the president of the University, Dr. Owen, traveled and made all trips with the team, or met them at their point of destination, whenever their schedule required them to play away from Peoria, including a trip to Honolulu. "President Owen stated that he made it a point to speak to alumni wherever he went. The Bradley catalogue fails to disclose any Honolulu alumni." 'Trivial Waste' At Six Air Force Bases WASHINGTON, Dec. 7 (/P)--The Senate Armed Services subcommittee on preparedness reported today it had found many instances of "trivial waste" at six Air Force bases. "To tolerate these minor wastes is to sanction inevitable large-scale waste," the group's 34th report declared. "The days of luxury are over for our military establishment." Local Homemakers To Be On TV Program The Frederick County Homemakers' Clubs will break -into the television limelight when next Monday Mrs. Robert Windsor, Jr., and Mrs. Huber Biser, of the Pleasant Grove Club, will appear on the Nancy Osgood show over channel 4, WNBW-TV, Washington, at 12.30 p. m. The two county homemakers will give a demonstration on the making of Roman punch, the one they gave and which proved popular at the Christmas Open House held here last week. Mrs. Windsor and Mrs. Biser have written their own commentary to go with the seven- minute demonstration. Arrangements for their appearance was made through the Extension Service at' the University of Maryland. TO CONFIRM COUP BANGKOK, Dec. 7 «)--Reliable sources today said King Phumiphon Adulet would issue a proclamation Monday giving royal confirmation of last week's military SUIT FILED Suit for $750 damages has been entered in Circuit Court by Clinton R. Butler and Margaret E. Butler to their own use and that of the Automobile Insurance Company of Hartford, Conn., against Henry O. Morningstar, Frederick, and James Harry Beloher, Dickerson, as the result of an accident February 11 on Route 240 near Evergreen Point. The plaintiffs, through Charles U. Price, attorney, say their sedan was parked along side of Route 240 and was struck by Belcher's car after the latter's machine was in collision -with a truck belonging to Morningstar. The suit is for damage to the car. The insurance company says it paid $607.39 toward the damage and seeks to recover this amount. DEEDS RECORDED Deeds were recorded in the clerk's office for the sale of several properties. Mr. and Mrs. Gilmore R. Flautt, Jr., have sold to Francis A., Frank and Anna Tortoro a property on the east side of Church street, Thurmont, consideration being in the neighborhood of ?5,000. according to revenue stamps. Bronson Construction Company has sold to Mr. and Mrs. Orville F. Amick a building lot on the east side of Oakwood Drive, in the Spring Grove sub-division, consideration being around $2,000. FAIR MEETING SATURDAY The financial report of the organization's activities for the 1 first year, showing the profits from the successful 1951 Frederick Fair, is expected to mark the annual meeting of the life members of the Frederick County Agricultural Society, which will be held in. the Court House Saturday morning at 11 o'clock. Members of the Board of Managers for the coming year will be elected. MEMBERSHIP GROWS .CHICAGO, Dec. 7 (/P)--Membership in the Methodist church in tihe U. S. and its possessions passed the nine million mark in 3951. Rev. Albert. C. Hoover, director of the .church's statistical office, said today the membership jumped from 8,935,647 in 1950 to 9,065,727 this year. RAILS TAKE LEAD NEW YORK, Dec. 7 MP)--Railroads took over leadership in a higher stock market todfty *** *** second ·rtaifht Wash Tub Better For Women. Than Bridge LOS ANGELES. Dec. 7 (flV-A California diagnostician is convinced that more nervous women are created over the bridge table than over the wash tub. The nervous woman of today is a product of the machine age and is frustrated and contused by its speed, competition and complexity, Dr. Earl O. G. Schmitt of San Jose, Calif, told the American Medical Association yesterday. He pictured her as "a scared and lonely individual in need of a friend'* and requiring sympathy more than medical treatment. A good medicine, he said, is work. 17 Leave For Induction Seventeen men from local Selective Service Board No. 45 left this morning for Baltimore for induction into the Armed Services. Another group of men also left for pre-induction physical examinations. There were no men called from Board No. 46. Those inducted were Albert A. Butts. Route 1, Harpers Ferry; Donald C. Smith, Brunswick; Paul R. Fout. Frank Hirsch. Robert P. Mahoney, Rudolph Tyeryar, all of Frederick; Meredith E. Miller, Route 5, Frederick: Gary H. Boyer, Frederick: Hubert Smith, Route 1, Middletown; Ralph R. Gouker, Route 2, Middletown: James W. Rooney. Jr., Brunswick; Chester E. Moore, Buckeystown; William E. Crone, Robert L. Draper. Robert A. Lambert, Millard I. Main, all of Frederick, and James H. Ferrell, Jefferson. Oliphant Asks Longer Delay WASHINGTON, Dec. 7 Charles Oliphant, after demanding an immediate public hearing by House tax investigators, failed to appear today at a committee session called to hear him. He sent word he wished to delay his appearance "several days." Oliphant, 42. resigned two days ago as chief legal officer of the scandal-hit Bureau of I n t e r n a l Revenue. He said then he felt unable to endure any longer the "vilification" to which he had been subject at hearings by a House Ways and Means subcommittee. The group is looking into charges of irregularities in the tax collecting service. Gaithersburg Yule Lights Go On Today GAITHERSBURG, Dec. 7--All Gaithersburg will light up like a Christmas tree this afternoon. Gaily colored lights strung across Frederick and Diamond avenues will be turned on at 5 p. m. Two hours later Santa Claus in sleigh accompanied by the Gaithersburg High School Band will ride through town. He will slop terore various stores and present gifts to the children. Christmas trees will be in the churchyards Of St. Martin's Catholic Church and Grace Methodist Church. The Gailhersburg-Wash- ington Grove Fire Department will decorate a tree on the bridge carrying Route 40 through Gailhers- burg. The Gaithersburg Homemakers Club will decorate a tree in the business section of town. The Gaithersburg Business Men's Association is sponsoring the community's Christmas decorating for the Yuletide season. GAS FOR HOMES BALTIMORE, Dec. 7 (/P)--Maryland's Public Service Commission announced today it has ordered the Cumberland and Allegany Gas Company to make natural gas available for house heating in its Western Maryland territory. The order reflects the development of a growing natural gas field in Garrett county. WINDOW CLEANER BALTIMORE, Dec. 7 OP;--William Pape, 38-year-old window cleaner, fell 40 feet to his death today after being knocked from a ledge by a crane. Police said Pape was cleaning windows when the crane, operating on a nearby project, nudged him off the ledge. SUPERFORT OVERDUE HAMILTON, Bermuda, Dec. 7 (JP)--An American B-29 with 18 aboard is overdue here on a flight from the Azores and a search for the Superfortress is under way, U. S. Air Force officials said today. WORLD UNEASY KEY WEST, Fla., Dec. 7 f/P)-- President Truman scanned diplomatic and military intelligence reports from throughout an uneasy world today on the tenth anniversary of the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor. EVACUATING 12.000 MANILA, Dec. 7 ,ff--Philippines naval patrol vessels today began evacuating 12,000 refugees from Camiguin Island and the fury of Hibok Hibok's erupting volcano. Five-Day Forecast Five day forecast: Maryland and Delaware--Partly cloudy and mild Saturday. Cloudy with rain and cooler Sunday. Cooler trend Monday through Wednesday with rain again near Wednesday. Temperatures for the period will average five to eight degrees above normal. Normal afternoon highs vary from the low to mid 40's and normal early morning lows vary from near 20 in the mountains to near freezing in eastern and south- em eownliM and ·· ** Beimar Publicity »' Directors Meet Here Weekend Session At Hood College . To Bring Problems' Discussion Publicity directors of District IV and national officers of the American College Public Relations Association ' h o l d i n g a three-day convention at Hood College began their second day today with a discussion on television and radio led by Lynn Poole, director of publicity at the Johns Hopkins University, Mr. Poole's Hopkins Science Review wo.n practically every important award in television during the past year including the Peabody Award, the ACPRA Award for Outstanding Achievement, thr New York Times, and other national awards. A discussion on college publications with Rtberl Madi-y of the University of North Carolina as Chairman was held at JO n. m. Others on the panel were Harry P. Lavelle, vice-president of Thomsen, Ellis and Hutton Company, Baltimore; Reynolds Brooks. Mary Washington College, and Miss Martha von Briesen, Sweet Briar College. At the same time there was a sports panel headed by John Busick, publicity director at George Washington University. Participating in this discussion of the public relations program of the Southern Conference was G. W.'s Max Parrington, president of the Conference, and Roy Hawley, from West Virginia University, who is public relations chairman of the Conference. J. Lacey McLean, vice-president in charge of. development at Goucher College presided at the f u n d raising panel which includes Max Hanti'iim. assistant to the president at Franklin and Marshall College; William Wranck. DPR at" the University of Virginia, and Marvin Topping, executive secretary of the ACPRA At the 1 p. m. luncheon, W, Henry Johnston, Harvard University director of athletic publicity, was to with John Busick presiding. Students will have a chance to tell what they t h i n k of publicity releases about themselves in a panel discussion. Participating in this will be Barbara Bankson, '53 of Western Maryland College; Marjnrie Horning, '53, of George Washington University, and Marguerite Webor, '52, of Hood College. Members of, the publicity groups are invited to the series of dormitory teas at 4 p. m, which begin (he "Little Christmas" season at Hood At the 6.30 dinner tonight. P. Stewart MacauJay, provost of the Johns Hopkins University, will speak widh John Busick presiding. Saturday's Frocram Saturday's program will include a panel on sports with Charley Keller, former New York Yankees star, as a Ruest, discussing the effect of extensive publicity on college athletes. This panel also includes Merrel Whittlcsey of the Washington Star; Tom. Bost, Wake Forest College, and Tom Coleman of George Washington University chairman. At 9.30 President Oliver S. Ikenberry of Shepherd College will discuss public relations for teacher education and at the same time in another panel L. Forrest Free, dean of men of Western Maryland College, will conduct a discussion on the college and church publicity. The influence of college public relations on the secondary school will be the subject of a panel discussion with Herbert N. Heston, Hood College, as chairman. Those participating are Robert B. Black, Mercersburg Academy; Victor Cain, Hannah More Academy; Mrs. Mary Mohler, BethesdaChevy Chase High School. Among those attending the convention, are: Miss Elizabeth A. Atwater, Potomac State College; Miss Barbara Bankson, Western Maryland College; Miss Alice Beeman, University of Michigan: Louis H. Bell. Penn State College; Robert M. Bishop, Trinity College: Robert Black, Mercersburg Academy; Tom Bost, Wake Forest College; Reynolds Brooks, Mary Washington College; John Busick, George Washington University; Victor Cain, Hannah More Academy; Tom Coleman, George Washington Univ.; A] Danegger, Uni. of Maryland; John P. Dillon, Davidson College: Max Farrington, George Washington Univ.: L. Forrest Free, Western Maryland College; William Gibson, Morgan College; Miss Martha Hall, Washington Post; Max Hannum, Franklin and Marshall College; Roy M. Hawley, W. Va. Univ.; Herbert N. Heston, Hood College; Miss Marjorie Horning, Geo. Washington Univ.; Oliver S. Ikenberry, Shepherd College: David W. Jacobs, W. Va. Univ.; Noel Johnston, Goucher College; W. Henry Johnston, Harvard Univ.; Charley Keller, Frederick; Rufus B. King, Bridgewater College; Miss Martha Kirkpatrick, Nat'. Hdq. D. C, Harry P. Lavelle, Thomsen. Ellis Hutton, Baltimore; Mrs. Kay Young Mackley, Hood College; Robert Madry, Univ. of North Carolina; Miss Addah McClasky, Greenbrier College; Lacey McClean, Goucher College; Harvey L. Miller, Univ. of Maryland; Mrs. Mary Mohler. Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School; Miss Ann Nicholson, Wilson College; James R. Nuzum, W. Va. Univ.; Kenneth Orvis, McDonogh School; Marvin G. Osborn, Jr., State College, Miss.; Miss Mary Moore Pancake, Mary Baldwin College; John L. Payne Davidson College: Lynn Poole, Johns Hopkins University; Francis C. Pray, Hofstra College; Hugh G. Price, Montgomery Junior College; Miss Hazel Richardson, Stratford College; Joseph Sherman, Unh". Florid*; B. C, ftmontai. Jf, Western Cold Moving East By Thr Associated Prem Wintry weather, snow nnd strong winds returned to the midwest today, snapping a week-long mild spell. The storm which hit the Rocky mountain region earlier this week, centered in southern Minnesota today. There was snow and strong northerly winds over parts of the Dakotas. Minnesota, Wisconsin and the northern parts of Nebraska and Iowa. Falls up to six and eight inches were reported in some areas. Sharp drops in temperature were reported as the cold air moved into the .midwest from the Rockies. The lowest readings early today were in the western states with Laramie, Wyo., reporting 4 above. But the spring-like weather continued in the eastern and Gulf states. Temperatures hit record- high marks in many cities in the eastern half of the country yesterday. Cincinnati's 70 was an all- time high for the date. Washington Tests Ability To Def eiHl Self Nation's Capital Would Be Top Target For Enemy Planes WASHINGTON, Dec. 7 i/l 1 )--The nation's capital, a high priority target for any enemy's bombing list, today begins testing its ability to cope with atomic attack. Unlike such other big cities as New York, the Washington emphasis so far has been heavy on military effort to kwp enemy bombers away, lighter on the civilian defense phtise. Today, organi/.ations planned to start a two-day test of t h e command and communication machinery which would direct aerial and ground protection of Washington. It was entirely a "pnp- er" exercise, with no pianos or troops involved. The Military District of Washington announced the exercise was based on n "theoretical atomic find high explosive bombing of Washington." Involved in the command post exercise is the M i n i s t r y District of Washington, the Air Force, the Potomac River Command of the Navy, .the National Guard, Coast Guard, Civil Aeronautics Administration and Civil Defense organizations of Washington, Maryland nnd Virginia, The primary defenses of the capital include a wing of Air Force fighter interceptor planes nnd a system of anti-aircraft units. Recently all three squadrons of the interceptor wing--the 113th w i t h headquarters at Newcastle, Del.--were equipped with Lockheed F-94 nil weather fighters. Their mission is to locate and knock down enemy bombers in any kind of weather, day or night. The three squadrons ai'e deployed over as many bases--the j ^ l s t ^ t Andrews Base, ""Md., ten miles from Washington; the 142nd nt Newcastle, the 148th at Dover, Del, The wing is an Air National Guard organization which has been inducted into Federal service. The Army, without going into details on the number of batteries or their location, says it believes the anti-aircraft defenses of Washington are "adequate." Besides its strategic importance, Washington is an ideal target for atomic bombing, for two reasons. 1. Located on the Potomac river and within a few minutes flying time from Chesapeake Bay, and with distinctive clusters of built- up and park areas, it is easily identified on a radar screen. 2. Most of the important government buildings -- including the White House, Capitol and Pentagon--are situated in a broad flat valley with no hills or ridges to reduce the lateral blast effect of an airburst atomic bomb. Hints Only About 5,000 Are Held Communist Newsman Discusses Casualties; Says Allied Men Held In Biff Camps MUNSAN, Korea, Dec. 7 W)--A Communist correspondent hinted today that no more than half of the 10,000 Americans reported missing in Korea are prisoners of war. The report came from a Chinese newsman at Panmunjom, where allied truce negotiators today opened a major effort to reach agreement on a compromise program for policing an armistice. The allies dropped their demand for joint. U. N.-Communist inspection teams. They also told the Reds the question of withdrawing troops from Korea could be "brought up and discussed later." Bui they said troop withdrawal early in the armistice definitely is out. Chu Chi-Ping, a Communist correspondent, told allied newsmen he knew of no war in which more than half of the soldiers listed as missing were prisoners. "1 do not see why the Korean war would be different from other wars in this respect," he Said. Chu referred to the fact that only part of those reported missing in action are taken prisoners. The others are killed in action and their bodies not recovered. Allied Correspondents dfa not construe his statement as confirming the recent report by Col. James M. Hanley, chief of the U. S. Eighth Army's judge advocate section, that the Reds had slaughtered approximately 5,500 American prisoners. Other Hod correspondents at Pan- munjom said all allied prisoners are being held in big camps in Korea near the Manchurian border. He said none hav» been taken to China. Allied truce negotiators launched their effort to obtain agreement on a program for enforcing the truce by rewriting the Communist plan to include U. N. demands. Red rianes Stay Down SEOUL, Dec. 7 (ff)~A. few allied jets hunted unsuccessfully through slorm clouds today lor Communist MIG-15s in hopes of extending their record-breaking 11 day series of victories over the Red jets. The Reds remained safely en their bases in Manchuria. The weather was so bad over Korea the U. S. Fifth Air Force was held to only 103 flights up to 6 p. m. But neither rain or cold kept Communist infantrymen from making small scale stabs at the allies along the central front Soloists For 'Messiah' Named Al Annapolis ANNAPOLIS. Dec. 7 UPl--An- gelene Collins and Sandra Warfield will sing the soprano and contralto solos in the Naval Academy's fifth annual production of Handel's oratorio, "The Messiah," on Dec. 15 and 16. They will sing with the 200-voice combined choirs of the Academy and Hood College in the Academy chapel. Miss Collins, winner of the 1950 Naumburg award, has appeared as soloist with the New York city ballet orchestra and has sung with the Oklahoma City and Portland, (Me.) symphony orchestras. Miss Warfield sang the leading role in the premiere of Stravinsky's "Marva" at Town Hall, New York. She has appeared with the Chicago, Kansas City and Norfolk symphonies and the Chautauqua (N. Y.) Opera Company. wood College; Mrs. Veta Lee Smith, Marshall College; Albert W. Tiedmann, Jr., Mount St. Agnes College; Marvin Topping, executive secretary, A C P R A , Washington; Philip E. Uhrig. Western Maryland College; Miss Martha von Briesen, Sweet Briar College: Edward P. Vonder Haar, Xavier Univ.; Edward Wallace, Hanover Sun; Miss Lavinia Wenger, Notre Dame of Maryland; Merrell Whittlesey, Washington Star; Roy Wilson, National Education Association. Baltimore; Bill Wranek, University of Virginia. District IV covers Maryland, Del. aware, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina and MM District ol Cohsasbia. Weekend To Be Cool With Possibly Rain The mercury hit 67 degrees In Frederick Thursday afternoon, the warmest December day in five years and within five degrees of the all- time record for the month. The forecanter predicted it would be close to 70 today before a change to cooler starts tomorrow and Sunday. Overcoats were discarded anil furnace fires burned low as the warmest December day since a 70- degree reading in 1946 was recorded. The record high for December is 72 in 1929. The observer said it probably will turn windy tonight, with continued mild temperatures and some chance of showers. Partly cloudy and not as xvarm is the outlook for Saturday. Sunday probably will be windy and cooler, with some rain. DECREES SIGNED Decrees have been signed In Equity Court granting two absolute divorces. Fred Walton Sheip, Jr., was divorced from Mrs. Evelyn Schade Sheip. Both are from tihis city. The defendant is given the right to resume her maiden name of Evelyn Rebecca Schade. The plaintiff is required to pay the costs, He was represented by Byron W. Thompson and Amos A. Holter appeared for the defendant. Mrs. Rosemary W. Light, Frederick, was divorced from Richard H. Light and is required to pay the costs. Robert E. Clapp, Jr., was attorney for the plaintiff and H, Reese Shoemaker represented Ligfht HELD FOR HEARING Gordon W. Troxell, Frederick, was arrested last night by Sergt. Phebus on a charge of drunkenness after a report that an. intoxicated man was in a local school driveway. Troxell was held under $25 and costs pending a hearing. OWNER SOUGHT City police said today they were trying to identify the owner of a Westclox wrist watch, \with black, which a child found recently in Schley Park in the western section of the city. DEER HUNTER DIES MARTINSBURG, W. Va., Dec. 7 (/P)--Charles Turner · Bartgis. 39- year-old Martinsburg truck farmer and produce dealer, died last night of a head wound received Monday while deer hunting. 'RELIABLE PARTNER" LONDON, Dec,"" 7 (/P)--Dr. Ronrad Adenauer declared today Geiv many will prove h«rself "a reliable and unflinching partner of the *ra» nations" in the WMuH oC MM*. IN E"W SPA PERI IF.WSPAPERI

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