Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on August 16, 1970 · Page 52
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August 16, 1970

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 52

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Sunday, August 16, 1970
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THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC Sunday, Aug. 16,1970 SO ( Sec> B ) p age l Also in this section: Trat?e/, /<wm, kids Paul Dean Cornville-a life you save may be one of your own There have been myriad towns that once were nothing. Then man moved in, and unknown villages became cities of the mind called Kitty Hawk, Cocoa Beach and Prudhoe Bay. Cornville, a cluster of commercial necessities 104 miles north of Phoenix, was recently brushed by man. Arizona's antidrug crusaders are establishing a long-term rehabilitation center there as part of a statewide citizen's war on dope that is becoming a model for the nation. Yet Cornville doesn't see itself as a second Kitty Hawk. Its citizens are claiming the notoriety will be the name of the fame and Cornville's big time will be that of Haight-Ashbury, Byron and Woodstock. General store owner Arthur Schwab says his voice represents "90 per cent" of the 250 souls in Cornville. And that majority, he says, doesn't want its town to be contaminated by big city dope pushers, have its kids corrupted by drugs and its citizens endangered "by some junkie on a trip." And, he adds, Cornville is ready to fight the Phoenix-based CODAC (Community Organization for Drug Abuse Control) and its conversion of the Christian Indian School into a rehabilitation center. Attitudes like Schwab's can bring the concerned to the boil. Commentators worth their words would have no trouble ripping Cornville apart, piece by parochial piece. But that would only solidify the hostility. The need here is to quietly remind Cornville that it has been selected to assist the world's greatest challenge, the saving of young human lives. CODAC has twice tried to explain its purpose to Cornville. At one meeting, speakers were interrupted and yelled at. At the second meeting, a quarter of the 60-resident audience walked out. One Cornville worry is that CODAC and its affiliated Arizona Family, Inc., which will actually operate the rehabilitation facility, is a "a fly by night outfit." This will surprise Arizona's entire congressional delegation, state narcotics agents, private psychologists, White House representatives, the National Institute of Mental Health,.attorneys, state legislators and some 40 civic and governmental agencies. For they are all involved in either supporting, funding or organizing CODAC and the Cornville project. The bootbutton, Coconino National Forest community is also asking, "Why Cornville?" Let psychologist Kenneth Olson, a passionate drug abuse fighter, answer that one. "Isolation," he told me in a recent interview, "is vital for a rehabilitation center. To keep these kids off the streets we must keep them far away from the temptations and pressures of the streets. Group therapy, vocational rehabilitation, achieving new responsibilities while making changes in life and social styles, can only work in an isolated environment." At briefing sessions in Cornville, CODAC has attempted to tell its story through members of Arizona Family, Inc. But they wear long hair. "Hippies," cried Cornville. "Sure they have long hair," said Don Jackson, executive director of CODAC. "To reach kids at the center the people working there must look like them and dress like them." .} And these eight longhairs comprising the Arizona Family are no novices. AU were once members of the California Family, which operates an identical center at Mendocino. In four years of existence, the Mendocino facility has reported a 100 per cent success rate with hard core addicts. But hard core addicts, counters Cornville, will bring rape and burglary and murder to the community. "Nonsense," replied Jackson. "AH who go to Cornville will be clinically detoxified, completely off the needle, the survivors of intensive screening with maybe 5 out of 100 interviewed making it, and. most important, people who have volunteered for rehabilitation. "This is not a hospital. There will be no drugs on the premises. Consumption of one beer could mean automatic expulsion. And if people have to leave they will not be kicked out but will be physically returned to Phoenix." All who are attempting these miracles in Cornville believe that community support is essential to the project. "These former addicts need the community to develop the sense of responsibility they are attempting to regain and the acceptance they need so desperately," said Mrs. Mary Beth Collins, a drug coordinator for the city of Phoenix. "I wish Cornville would believe us. I hope it does. 1 pray it does." Gvil Air Patrol appreciates Valley firms' fine cooperation By MARK MONDAY Fifty Valley businesses may not wear wings, but to Civil Air Patrol Maj. Richard E. Denbrook they are angels. Denbrook, commander of CAP Squadron 301, based at Sky Harbor Airport, said the companies built the squadron a $45,000 building from which to run search, rescue and civil defense mission. "It hasn't cost us a , thing," he said. The slump block building at Sky Harbor Gate 103 replaces a tin-patched quonset hut with rotting floors. That was Repairmen busy on storm damage Mountain Bell crews worked late into the day yesterday drying out cables and restoring telephone service to about 2,000 homes and businesses that lost it in the thunderstorm that raked the Valley late Friday night. Two major cables serving west Phoenix, which took the brunt of the storm, were soaked by flooding water, and service to 1,400 phones was knocked out. Crews had to pump out manholes to dry the cables. A telephone company spokesman said the other disruptions were caused by trees and debris knocking down wires. As electric utility crews completed repairs on lines, transformers and power poles and householders labored to clean the mess brought on by the flooding on the city's west side, the weather bureau reported that 1.03 inches of rain fell on Kingman yesterday afternoon. The Mohave County sheriff's department reported 80 per cent of Kingman's streets were flooded. Arizona 68 to Bullhead City was wider water and closed. torn down in 1965 during modernization of the airport. For 17 years it had been home for 301, which lately has been meeting in a beauty parlor. Unable to find any quarters for his squadron, Denbrook decided to build his own building — with donated materials and labor. . A year of negotiations with the city's airports department finally got 301 a 10- year lease at $1 a year. But the airports department stipulated that the building had to conform to the architectural standards set for the rest of the reconstruction of the north side of Sky Harbor. "We couldn't afford to hire an architect," said Denbrook, "but one donated all the plans and specifications to us. "The largest single contribution to the building program," he added, "was a $4,000 concrete roof for the building." Denbrook and his squadron began the building in October 1968, stopping long enough to fly searches for downed fliers and the missing and to beg more material. An agreement to provide the slump blocks for the walls was made with out company, but before the bricks were picked up, the owners sold the (company. Denbrook and his request team had to renegotiate with the new owners. Where a company couldn't give all the needed supplies, several joined in, Two hundred twenty-five two-by-fours were donated by three companies. Insulation materials came from two firms. Four concrete companies chipped in 45 yards of concrete for the 301 Squadron's ground floor. Doors, tarpaper, air-conditioning and heating units, reinforcing rods, plumbing, window frames, electrical boxes — the seen and unseen items that make up a building—were donated by the Valley merchants. Squadron weujbws, with help from CITY To relieve croivding Police building in bond program By PAUL SCHATT RMVMK piwtt by left Wins Homicide detail policemen in cramped quarters When it's shift change time at the Phoenix police headquarters, officers really get to know one another. That's because the facilities are so cramped. As many as 40 officers may have to crowd into a tiny briefing room. "They've got to have more space to function effectively," said Mayor John Driggs. "Their job is tough enough as it is, without having to work in offices that are too small to carry the load. They need a new headquarters, with enough room to take care of the tremendous amount of work they have." The current police headquarters is the old city hall at Second Avenue and Washington. The citizens' bond committee studying city needs termed the building "admittedly inadequate" and recommended a new police administration building of almost 180,000 square feet. The building is among the city facilities that are included in the 10 propositions for voter authorization in Tuesday's $177.4 million bond election. The city is seeking $6.7 million in police and public safety buildings bonds, to finance the police building and build a new police academy in South Mountain Park and two new briefing stations. Included in the new police building would be the administrative offices of the fire department and fire prevention, traffic engineering, building inspections and a centralized communications center for the entire city. The central fire station, which was built in 1920, "is completely inadequate in terms of facilities for the firemen and for the storage of fire apparatus," according to the citizens committee. A total of $1.65 million is proposed in fire department bonds to replace the central station and build two new fire stations in the next five years. When the police department moves out of the old city hall building (assuming the bonds are approved), the city wants to make further use of the antiquated structure for city office space. It proposes $1.8 million in municipal buildings bonds to remodel the building and acquire additional land in the downtown area to meet future space needs. Other general obligation bond proposals that will be on the ballot Tuesday include: — $37.3 million in sewer system bonds to provide for expansion of the 91st Avenue waste treatment plant, new trunk sewer lines, 155 miles of major arterial sewers, construction of new storm sewers and enlargement of existing lines, and new detention basins. — $9 million in parks and playground bonds, primarily for land acquisition, to provide for at least 100 new parks and Continued on Page B-12 Will copper mines swallow Miami? Residents' surface rights won't help if homes, streets are undermined Navajos seek tO Clld By TED LAKE MIAMI — Property owners here would like to have a good, workable crystal ball — even if it's copper-hued — to determine their future. Officials and townspeople alike aren't sure what is really going on, although many believe the exploratory drill rigs now punching into Main Street and residential areas in search of copper ore deposits may spell the end of Miami's existence five years from now. Geologists say the city may be sitting on copper deposits which, if economical to mine, could literally swallow the town. Occidental Minerals Corp. has four drilling rigs in operation including two within the town itself. Occidental holds an option on subsurface mineral rights under all but 20 acres of the town. Deeds held by 90 per cent of property owners in Miami grant only the top 40 feet of the surface rights. The subsurface rights (below 40 feet) are owned by the Van Dyke Mining Co. interests and are under option to Occidental. Another plight faced by residents was disclosed by Bill Brown, manager of Gila Abstract Co., a Globe title company. Brown said the deeds contain clauses stating that in the event of mining under the town, the holder of the subsurface rights is not liable for damages if the surface subsides or collapses and that tile holder of the surface is not guaranteed support from beneath. The fir?t indication that the future of Miami was in doubt came on Aug. 19, 1968, when Watson Fritz, secretary of the Van Dyke Copper Co., disclosed at a City Council meeting that Occidental had an option to buy 3,000 acres of subsurface rights under the town. At that time, the council tabled a request by Occidental to conduct drilling for mineral exploration at the Miami town park. On Sept. 5, 1968, the council again postponed a decision on Occidental's request. On Nov. 6, 1968, the town council had heard nothing more from Occidental on its request, but town officials understood that the copper company was making arrangements to drill on private property within the town. In July 1969, Occidental offered the 150 property owners in the 20-acre section in the town on which they did not hold subsurface option rights, three-year options to purchase their land. Abie Castaneda, Miami's assistant police chief and a resident of the 20-acre portion, said that talks with his neigh- Continued on Page B-12 Red tape leads retiree home to drop Medicare By CONNIE COBB The Beatitudes Retirement Home has withdrawn from the Medicare program because too few patients qualify and bookkeeping costs are prohibitive. At least- three other retirement homes here also are considering dropping Medicare. The Rev. Everett B. Luther, administrator of the Beatitudes, 1616 W. Glendale Ave., said last week the home's board of directors voted unanimously early this summer to withdraw from participation in the program. "This decision," he explained, "was made after considerable study, an awareness of what is happening in other nursing and retirement homes and by recommendation of our executive staff." Mr. Luther said federal interpretations of the Medicare program had become so strict that few patients qualified for benefits in the extended care facilities of nursing and retirement homes. The stricter interpretation is based on the premise that if patients are well enough to go home, even to nursing homes, they don't need Medicare, he said. "We believed," he continued, "that it would be to the advantage of patientslo take their extended care in hospitals, where they would have a better chance of receiving Medicare benefits." While the stricter interpretation reduced the number of Medicare-eligible patients in Beatitudes' care center to about six, bookkeeping costs, including salaries for extra personnel, still ran about $2,000 a month, Mr. Luther noted. "Regardless of the number of Medicare patients in our care center," he said, "the same regulations and elaborate routine applied." He said the cost of operation did not necessarily improve service or care for patients and generally had to be passed on to all (he Jiumt'b ivsidi-nts power abuses By BECKY MINTER WINDOW ROCK - Two corporations set up to serve the Navajos are taking separate steps to combat the alleged stranglehold Anglo traders have on the reservation. The first to move was Dinebeiina Na- hiilna Be Agaditahc. Inc.. (DNA), the Office of Economic Opportunity - funded legal services program on the, Navajo Reservation. Now entering the squabble is Southwestern Indian Development, Inc., (SID), a nonprofit group formed to ease social and economic problems among Indian communities in the Southwest. Both are headquartered here. Specifically attacked by the two organizations are trader practices in the areas of verbal abuse, finances, pawning and redemption, employment referrals and sanitation. The DNA action, filed by staff attorney Theodore R. Mitchell, was dismissed in Phoenix by U.S. District Court Judge William P. Copple, then appealed to the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco, where it is currently pending. "Should we lose it there," Mitchell said, "we'll take it on to the U.S. Supreme Court. This is an issue which involves a large majority of the Navajo people and it's too important to them — and too flagrant an abuse of the rights set out by the U.S. Constitution — for us to let it drop." The suit states that the commissioner of Indian affairs has the sole power and authority to appoint traders and make rules and regulations governing their activities. DNA asks the court to require him to perform these duties. Southwestern Indian Development, which stressed that its project is entirely separate from, and was not suggested by, DNA, is approaching the issue by a different method — a report compiled under its authority by eight Navajo students and being distributed to local Navajo leaders and other interested persons "in hopes of generating enough interest toward eliminating this economic bondage." Both groups point out that the trading post system, generally established on the Navajo Reservation following the, signing of the U.S. Indian treaty of 1868, is the institution which probably has the most direct and intimate contact with the Navajos. Both claim many of the traders abuse their privileges and, in so doing, "so generally wrap the Navajo up in credit that the Navajo is forever dependent upon him." DNA contends the traders are a major source of the problems that confront the Navajos and charges the traders with "overreaching the Nayaios on opejv (charge) accounts (at the trading post),, abusing their rote as postmasters to force clients to sign checks over to thenv and engaging in gross pawn abuses." The DNA action also accuses traders of unfair railroad hiring pr act ices,; claiming that traders ar.e the reserva-- tion's agents for various western railroads who hire Indian workers. "As a general practice," Mitchell said, "these traders hire for the railroad

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