Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois on July 5, 1968 · Page 1
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Freeport Journal-Standard from Freeport, Illinois · Page 1

Freeport, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, July 5, 1968
Page 1
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Fair, Warmer Tonight, Saturday FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD CROP Sefs Canvass Oafes See Page I 121st Year -16 Pages ASSOCIATED PRESS NEW YORK TIMES NEWS SERVICE FREEPORT, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1968 Nigeria Plagued By Civil War By MORT RODENBLUM LAGOS (AP) — Nigeria's government, pursuing a bloody, year-old civil war against breakaway Biafra, warned today against outside efforts to airlift relief supplies directly to Biaf- rans. The government announced the Nigerian air force—a collection of Russian and Czech fighter planes—would shoot down any intruding aircraft not expressly cleared by Nigerian authorities. Unless the warning goes unheeded—or the secessionist government changes its stance— Biafra's seven million people face a prospect of being cut off completely. Starvation is a threat. 'Drop Supplies' "The attention of the Nigerian armed forces has been drawn to plans announced by certain British organizations and others to drop supplies by parachute in parts of the east central state without the approval of the federal government," the government said. "Any such act will constitute a gross violation of Nigerian air space and an act of hostility against Nigeria." Efforts to arrange a cease-fire in Nigeria, a country of vast potential riches and the most populous in Africa, have so far been futile. The federal government in Lagos holds the upper hand in the fighting and has occupied large chunks of the secessionist Eastern Region—Biafra—and most of the area's major cities. Both sides would like to end the conflict that has driven the country to the edge of ruin, created millions of refugees in Biafra and killed untold numbers of Nigerians. Negotiations Postponed But cease-fire negotiations in May broke down in disagreement over conditions. The Biaf- rans want an unconditional cease-fire and withdrawal of federal troops. Lagos wants assurances, before it withdraws its forces, that Biafra will rejoin the federation as three separate states. Contacts are continuing and there is a possibility new talks may begin in London. Meanwhile, the situation in Biafra grows more and more desperate. There are an estimated 4.5-million refugees in what is left of Biafra and a generation of youngsters in the area is being crippled by protein starvation, relief officials say. Relief Agencies Concerned International relief agencies say that as many as a million Biafrans will die of starvation before the end of summer unless more food can be supplied to the Biafrans, now jammed into about 10,000 square miles of what already was the most densely populated territory of Africa. The area is under tight blockade by the Lagos government and the federal air force of Soviet-built MIGs and Czech-made Delfins controls the air. Federal capture in May of Port Harcourt, Biafra's largest city and PLEASE SEE BACK PAGE Laird Says Nixon Close To Victory WASHINGTON (AP) - The chairman of the House Republican Conference said today Richard M. Nixon can nail down a first-ballot victory at the Republican national convention with 39 more votes. Rep. Melvin R. Laird of Wisconsin also predicted national polls that show Nixon trailing the Democratic contenders will take a new tack once the convention is over. Peak In Fall "I believe that Dick Nixon is behind at the present time merely because he is not speaking out on the issues," the GOP leader said. Nixon, he said, prefers to have his campaign peak in September and October and hopes to make his big move "as far as the popularity polls are concerned, during that period of time." Laird was interviewed on ABC Radio's "On Location." Asked how close Nixon is to winning the GOP nomination, he said, "He's about 39 votes short of a convention nomination on the first ballot as of today." The Fourth of July holiday seemed to send campaign activity in both parties into low gear. American Lawyer Confers With Ray By GODFREY ANDERSON, LONDON (AP) - Alabama lawyer Arthur J. Hanes spent about an hour today in Wandsworth Prison, conferring with James Earl Ray, the man wanted in Tennessee to stand trial for the slaying of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. When he came out of the jail gate, Hanes said: "He is feeling all right. His health is good. He is being well looked after. His mental attitude is good. We talked of many things." Hanes, who said on arrival at London Airport earlier today that Ray might plead innocent through reason of insanity, was asked by a reporter if Ray showed any sign of insanity. Insists On Sneyd "None," he replied and emphasized that the plea of insanity was only one of a number which might be used. But Hanes insisted the man he would be seeing was Ramon George Sneyd, not James Earl Ray as claimed by the U.S. government and accepted by the British court which agreed to extradite him last Tuesday. Hanes said his client might plead innocent or innocent by reason of insanity to charges brought against him. He added: "Of course, he may not be extradited. I am not certain that he will be." 'No Bearing' Regarding the identity of the man wanted in the slaying of King, Hanes said: "He is Ramon George Sneyd as far as I am concerned. This man has identified himself as such. I am saying that the U.S. government and the authorities of Tennessee have the burden to prove otherwise. "It will have no bearing in Tennessee that the British courts say he is James Earl Ray." King was assassinated April 4 in Memphis, Tenn., and a worldwide manhunt began for James Earl Ray. Arrested June 8 Ray was arrested at London Airport June 8 by Scotland Yard agents and accused of using a forged Canadian passport in the name of Sneyd and possessing an unlicensed gun. Those charges are still pending. After a two-day hearing at Bow Street Court, London's chief metropolitan magistrate, Frank Milton, ordered Ray extradited as a fugitive criminal wanted for murder and armed robbery in the United States. Ray's court-appointed British lawyers have 15 days in which to appeal to a higher court. They said they intend to file an appeal. Nixon and his GOP rival, Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, took a day off from politics. On the Democratic side, Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy courted the farm vote in Iowa while Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey began two days of rest after hurrying through a speech in Philadelphia in which he had to compete with chanting antiwar demonstrators. Rockefeller planned to hop to Honolulu today to meet Hawaiian delegates to the Republican national convention. He will return to active campaigning Sunday. McCarthy proposed . stockpiling of wheat, feed grains, soybeans and other agricultural products as he spoke in Corning, Iowa, where the National Farmers Organization has its headquarters. Praises Approach The organization's collective bargaining approach was praised by McCarthy as an example of self-reliance and initiative by the farmers in solving their problems. Humphrey's Philadelphia speech, delivered in front of Independence Hall, was basically a standard Fourth of July offering extolling the greatness ot America but it was not without political content. As some 50 antiwar demonstrators chanted and marched nearby, their voices clearly au dible to the crowd, Humphrey promised "we shall make peace, above all things, our n tional purpose." Traffic Death Toll Climbing By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The traffic death toll during the long Independence Day holiday weekend passed the 200 mark today. The total number of fatalities across the nation midway through the second day of the four-day holiday period stood at 216. Although showers dampened parts of the Southeast and portions of the midconlinent, dry weather offered good driving conditions over most of the country for the Fourth of July and today. Estimate 700 Deaths The National Safety Council has estimated that between 700 and 800 Americans may die in motor vehicle accidents in the weekend that began at 6 p.m. Wednesday and ends at midnight Sunday. For comparison purposes, The Associated Press made a survey of traffic deaths during a non- holiday period of the same length and counted 553 fatalities. The weekend surveyed ran from 6 p.m. Wednesday, June 19, to midnight Sunday, June 23. Drownings and boating mishaps also accounted for a large number of accident deaths across the country Thursday. Seven children on a holiday outing, and a man who was giving them a boatride, drowned when their 12-foot outboard flipped over in Lake Easy just south of Lake Wales, Fla. The only survivor was an 11-year-old girl who clung to the overturned boat until rescued. Close Calls Occur A few instances of near tragedy also marred the holiday. Twenty-seven persons were injured Thursday night when a Greyhound bus en route from Chicago to Miami apparently missed a detour near Macon, Ga., and overturned. No orie was killed and only three of the injured were hurt seriously enough to be admitted to a hospital. Traffic fatalities during last year's Fourth of July weekend —also four days—totaled 732. This was an Independence Day record and also a record for any summer holiday weekend. The lowest highway death toll for a four-day Independence Day weekend since World War II was 231 in 1946. During the current holiday 23 persons lost their lives in boating accidents and 60 persons drowned. No fireworks deaths were reported. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU OP CIRCULATIONS TOTAL NET PAID CIRCULATION 20,000 PRICE TEN CENTS Weather Forecast NORTHWEST ILLINOIS — Generally fair tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 54-62, high Saturday in the 80s. WISCONSIN AND IOWA No important change in temperature. Lows tonight in the lower 50s, high Saturday in the 80s. Sunrise, 5:22. Sunset, 8:28. Unofficial temperature at 1 p.m., 85 degrees. ALABAMA LAWYER ARTHUR HANES (right) is seen outside Wandsworth Prison, South London, today after conferring with Raymond George Sncyd. The British Court has accepted FBI testimony that Sneyd is really James Earl Ray, the man wanted In Tennessee to stand trial for the slaying of Martin Luther King Jr. — AT Photofax. United Nations Force May Return To Egypt LBJ Visits HemisFair By FRANK CORMIER AUSTIN, Tex. (AP) - President Johnson, after observing an old fashioned Fourth of July, mixes relaxation with a little ranch-style diplomacy today before taking off for a weekend Central American summit conference in El Salvador. The President and First Lady flew to San Antonio Thursday and spent three hours at HemisFair where Johnson indulged in some traditional patriotic rhetoric, took in the sights and sampled a couple of rather drippy ice cream cones. The President also issued a statement late in the day expressing deep concern over disruption by hecklers of a speaking appearance by presidential aspirant George Wallace. Bolivian Head Visits Johnson today informally entertains President Rene Barrientos Ortuno of Bolivia at his ranch home. Barrientos was in Texas for Bolivia Day Saturday at HemisFair. The Latin chief executive once attended Air Force flight school at Randolph Air Force Base in San Antonio. Johnson will fly to El Salvador Saturday for talks with the chief executives of Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and El Salvador. He will remain there until Monday. Touring the fairgrounds with Johnson Thursday were about 40 diplomats, most of them ambassadors from Latin American countries. Delivers Speech The Johnsons made the 75- mile trip from their ranch by helicopter, landing in a parking lot at the world's fair. They drove to the American pavilion where the President received a 21-gun salute before delivering an eight-minute speech. He said the nation will celebrate July 4th as long as it goes about "its proper business." "And that proper business is iielping to defend and helping to enlarge the independence of man," he said. Johnson said the theme of the Declaration of Independence, signed 192 years ago, is "political independence to insure individual independence." Wallace Heckling "Each generation in America discovers this theme as if it were new," he added. "And in a sense it is new. The thrust of America always, then, is to ex pand and to adjust the concept of independence to a new and :onstantly changing era." In his statement on the heckling of Wallace, which occurred Wednesday night in Minneapolis, the President said: "The conduct of a handful who interfere with the rights of others to speak is the antithesis of what we began 192 years ago today. "However ardently we may disagree with what a man says we must stand with Voltaire in our defense of his right to say what he will." Johnson said that if every American would listen to even point of view, then decide wha is right and exercise his judg ment at the ballot box, if "truth is free for all to see, we neec never fear any ideology or can didacy." A scheduled speech by the third party presidential candidate and former Alabama governor was delayed 90 minutes by hecklers and, once Wallace EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT Gamal Abdel Nasser reaches for the hand of an Arab diplomat Thursday upon Nasser's arrival in Moscow for a two-day visit for talks with Soviet leaders on the Mideast situation. — AP Photofax. Shapiro Moves Up In 35th Recount With the recount completed in Stephenson and Lee counties, the unofficial tabulation shows Dr. David Shapiro of Amboy pulling ahead of one of his rivals for the GOP nomination for representative from the State's 35th House District. Shapiro made his big gain on • ' - ^*--»-|^. < . \J J.11MUW 111U *S1^ £jt*J*l VII got the floor, had to be fore- incumbents Robert D. Law of shortened because of noisy dem- Cedarville and Merle K. Ander- onstrations. son of Durand in the recount of Several Of Nation's Cities Have Strict Gun Control Laws Lee County's 44 precincts, completed at 5 p.m. Wednesday. The Lee recount totals for the three candidates show the Amboy dentist gaining 238'/ 2 votes, Law, 42, and Anderson, 63, more than the official canvass totals. With the recounts considered in Lee and Stephenson, Shapiro was unofficially 101 votes ahead of Law. The official canvass of the district, which includes Stephenson, Lee, Jo Daviess and Ogle counties and part of Winnebago County, had Dr. Shapiro trailing Rep. Anderson by 522'/2 votes and Rep. Law by 70'/2 votes. In recounting Stephenson County's 49 precincts Law gain- Nasser In Moscow For Talks MOSCOW (AP) - President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt had "a frank exchange of opinions" with Russian leaders today on the Middle East deadlock, Tass said. The terminology of the official Soviet news agency indicated they disagreed. Tass reported, however, the meeting—opening formal talks in the Kremlin—was "marked by a friendly and cordial atmosphere." It said the Middle East situation, Soviet-Egyptian relations and other international issues were taken up. The Egyptian Embassy said Nasser might decide to stay in the Soviet Union two days longer than he originally planned. U. N. Force Considered Senior diplomats elsewhere said Egypt has offered to take back a United Nations peacekeeping force on its soil as part of an Arab-Israeli settlement. But meanwhile a boost in Egyptian military spending was reported in Cairo. Diplomats in London said the readiness of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser to restore a U.N. peace force under some guaranteed form of tenure has been conveyed to the mission of U.N. envoy Gunnar Jarring. It was deemed a hopeful development because Nasser's ex- WASHINGTON (AP) - Several of the nation's biggest cities have gun control laws and more cities and towns are considering them. But advocates of local laws are quick to point out they cannot be fully effective without interstate sales restrictions. The city council of Washington this week gave tentative approval to an ordinance requiring licensing of pistols, rifles and shotguns and permits for carrying them. It is similar to one recommended by the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments which includes 15 cities and counties. Several Cities Act Several cities, including New Haven, Conn, and San Antonio, Tex., have indicated their interest in city gun laws, the National League of Cities says. It notes that New York, Chicago and Philadelphia already have enacted strict gun control laws. One has been proposed in St. Louis. The league has started working on a model gun control ordinance and plans to meet with state attorneys general to draft complementary state and local laws. The executive committee of the league last May called for federal regulations to keep firearms out of the hands of those likely to misuse them. Local Ordinances Fail It said that local ordinances were relatively ineffective "because of the ease with which firearms may be acquired in other jurisdictions and through the mails." The omnibus crime control bill signed recently by President Johnson bans mail order sales of pistols. Both the House and Senate Judiciary committees have before them bills that of rifles and shotguns. The President also has asked for a law requiring registration of weapons and licensing of owners. The question of whether this proposal should be tacked onto the long-gun measure was considered by the Senate Judiciary Committee last Thursday, but the committee postponed any action until next week. Statistics Meager Statistics on the effectiveness of city ordinances are meager, and there are arguments about the figures that are available. In the case of the Philadelphia law, enacted in 1965, the March issue of the magazine of the league, "Nation's Cities," said: "Although there's no available statistical data to indicate that the law has reduced gun-related crime, a Philadelphia police spokesman said he felt it has helped and "has kept guns out would ban the mail order sales PLEASE SEE BACK PAGE cd 36 and Shapiro picked up 11 while Anderson lost 57M; votes. The recounting procedure will continue Tuesday at 9 a.m. in Ogle and Jo Daviess counties. Originally Shapiro had filed for recounts in the 1st Precinct in Stephenson, one in Jo Daviess and three each in Ogle and Lee. Law has filed counterclaims in Lee and Ogle. Associate Circuit Judge Edward J. Turnbaugh of Carroll County will have the final say concerning any ballots objected to by the candidates. A total of 182 precincts is involved and the candidates will assume the cost of the recount. Rockford Man Killed In Crash LA CROSSE, Wis. (AP) Patrick D. O'Connor, 20, o Rockford, 111., a student at La Crosse State University, was killed early today in a collision on Highway 16 about 13 miles northeast of La Crosse. pulsion of U. N. troops was a major factor in the train of events that led to the six-day Middle East war of June 1967. Efforts Stymied Efforts toward a settlement have been stymied by Israel's refusal to give back captured Arab lands without direct negotiations with the Arabs, and the Arabs' refusal to meet face-to- face with the Israelis. The United Nations has called for Israel to withdraw from captured territory and for the Arabs to end their belligerency toward Israel. Foreign Secretary Michael Stewart of Britain told newsmen Thursday prospects for progress in the Middle East seem better. One encouraging development, he said, was a statement attributed to Egyptian Foreign Minister Mahmoud Riad that "we recognize realities and Israel is one of them. Now we want peace." Announces Budget But the Egyptian government, in announcing a $4.6-billion budget Thursday, said it was geared mainly to "sacrifices to enhance military expenditure and to liberate Arab lands occupied by Israel." No defense figures were disclosed, but semiofficial sources said this year's defense appropriation is the highest in Egyptian history. I A special $293.25-million emergency fund was created to consolidate the armed forces and popular resistance against the Israeli occupation of the Egyptian Sinai peninsula and the cast bank of the Suez Canal. U.S. Bombers Rake DMZ By GEORGE ESPER SAIGON (AP) — Two enemy antiaircraft missiles were fired at U.S. Air Force B52 bombers attacking North Vietnam's southern panhandle Thursday, the U.S. Command reported today. Spokesman said none of the eight-engine bombers was hit. The B52s have been fired upon before by the Soviet-made missiles on raids in North Vietnam's .southernmost section, but none ever has been hit so far in the war. The B52s began a massive bombing campaign Monday against enemy artillery sites and storage areas in the panhandle and the northern part of the demilitarized zone. Since then, they have flown raids in the area. Giant Bombers Vulnerable The giant bombers are considered vulnerable to the enemy high-altitude missiles. U.S. fighter-bombers—faster, smaller and lower-flying—ordinarily attack known enemy missile sites before the B52s head for the DMZ or North Vietnam, and the B52s generally try to steer clear of these sites. In South Vietnam, U.S. infantrymen gingerly probed booby- trapped enemy bunkers today as part of a massive search for weapons that could be used for an attack on Saigon. Troops of the 1st Division uncovered the enemy bunker complex, which contained the third enemy rocket cache found in the last two days, while screening infiltration routes and supply distribution points ;)0 miles northwest of the capital Thursday. Search Made An initial search turned up- more than 35 of the 100-pound Russian 122mm rockets which have bombarded Saigon in recent weeks, plus more than 1,000 smaller bazooka-type rock- els. A more thorough search was under way today, but military spokesmen said it was hindered by a large assortment of booby traps. The cache is only 10 miles from a big U.S. base at Dan Tc'iig, which came under a 500- round rocket and mortar attack curlier Thursday. Cooks, clerks and drivers helped infantrymen repel enemy commandos'in a 2'-1-hour battle at the base. Two other rocket caches wore seized six miles east of Saigon Wednesday and Thursday. These included both 122mm rockets and Chinese 107mm rockets, which weigh about 50 pounds. In other action Thursday, U.S. Marines suffered four killed and 13 wounded in a 40-minulc engagement with about 150 North Vietnamese troops. The Marine company was covering the withdrawal from the Khe Sanh combat base when the enemy attacked with small arms, machine guns and rocket -propelled grenades. A U.S. .spokesman said 17 enemy bodies were found after I lie battle. Oil States Tapped The fund would be raised largely as contributions from Arab oil states, donations from private citizens and a civil defense tax. Nasser conferred for the second day today with Soviet leaders in Moscow, and observers said that the visit could provide a chance for Egypt and its Soviet patron to weigh any new efforts to end the Middle East stalemate. However, it was understood Nasser also would ask for more Russian arms and aid. In Today's Paper Amusements Church news Classified Comics Editorials \Mcal Markets Obituaries Radio & TV Sports Page 12 7 I.!, 11 & 15 12 ft I, 5 & 13 lit .... 4 12 8 & 9

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