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Anniversary of A-Bombing Nears iMfrbsft/ma IF Editors Note: The Peace Memorial Center stands aniid green parks, lew buUdings and broad boulevards. The city is Hiroshima. It has half-a- ^nilhon residents now, and over 4 million tourists have visited it. But under- |peath remain the scars of that fateful day 2Q years ago. larly one which aspired to be the peace center of the world, could not be a simple mat ter of wood, stone and steel. Imagination, faith, and love had ^o be mixed with the mortar. List Civic Leaders Luciiily there were still men in Hiroshima with these qualities. One was Shinzo Hamai, wartime distributor of food supplies. Another, Father Hugo LaSalle, a German Jesuit; a third Dr. Fumio Shigeto who added compassion to the mixture. And finally there was Tsuneji Matsuda, who helped get the economic wheels turning. Sen Sasaki, a construction engineer, did not arrive until six years after the bomb, but he tied all the other efforts into a single package, gave the dreams form and direction. Hamai, who became vice- mayor then mayor in 1947, had a truly staggering job. The day the bomb dropped the population was 420,000. Ninety-seven per cent of the buildings were damaged or destroyed; 16 per cent of the roads torn up; 78 per cent of the bridges shattered. Number of Dead Within a radius of two kilometers (1.3 miles) from the hypocenter, nothing stood; at two to four kilometers, damage was 85 per cent, at five kilometers 60 per cent. The dead were estimated at 80,000 to 200,000; the wounded at more than 100,000. The conservative figures are American estimates, the big ones those of Japanese historians. A month and a half after the bom b, torrential rains turned Hiroshima into a turbulent sea as far as the eye could reach. When the waters receded with their new load of dead, Hiroshima's double agony had ended and it began to stir weakly into life. Hamai's first job was to get food for the survivors, an accomplishment aided by his experience as a wartime food distributor. The measures he took earned him the gratitude and loyalty of the citizenry. Water Problem The water problem from the outset was critical: gangs of thugs broke the mains and siphoned off the water to a pitiful black market. They attacked crews which tried to halt them. Hamai gave his water engineer, Masao Teranishi, permission to arm crews of returned veterans with clubs and knives. Working at night, they completed the job in a month and a half. Though he toiled day and night, Hamai grew discouraged at ever building a model city. All he could apply then was first aid, helping the stricken citizens to throw up shacks anywhere. The turning point came in 1949 when, yielding to his I By John Roderick HIROSHIMA, Japan— (AP)— Twenty years after the atom bomb, Hiroshima is *like a well-groomed Japanese lady suffering from a hidden tumor. jjhe blackened rubble left behind in a few ghastly seconds on Aug. 6, 1945, has long ago been cleared away. »The Hiroshima of 1965 is a city of.broad boulevards, green parks, and new buildings. Its half million inhabitants are outwardly gay and cheerful. |The tumor is fear, a gnawing anxiety which colors the lives of the 178,000 m|n and women who sur-' vi|:ed. It is the sinking feeling a healthy survivor gets when his gums begin to bleed, hel begins to show fatigue or hi$ white corpuscle count drops—tell-tale signs of leu- klmia induced by atomic ralaiation. The saddest part of the tumor Hiroshima tries to conceal is the presence in her midst of thousands of humans who bear the hideous keloid scars which wrinkle and pucker the skin grotesquely. Few Help Them Everyone is sorry for them but few do anything to help them. Encountered on the street, the passerby self-consciously averts his eyes or stares morbidly. The center of modem Hiroshima is the Peace Memorial Park intersected by roads 300 feet wide, studded with flowers and inhabited the year roiind by pigeons—the symbol of peace. At the hub stands a simple cenotaph under which are listed the names of the atomic dead. The list increases a little each yep. A flame of peace, a memorial fountain and a children's monument complete th^ setting. Across the Ota River, the skeleton dome of the Industrial Exhibition Hall — only building preserved from the h 0 1 0 c a u s t—-dominates the scene. Behind it, symbol of Hijroshima's progress, rise the cl^an lines of the new glass and concrete Chamber of Commerce Building, r Yearly Ceremonies fhe people of Hiroshima coiheto the cenotaph each ye^r on Aug. 6 to murmersa pAyer, release clusters ^of pigeons and float small "spirit boats" carrying lighted tapers down the river in honor of the dead. Each year, also, come the marchers of the ban-the-bomb movements. Now fragmented into groups with Chinese, Soviet and neutralist leanings, th|y turn Aug. 6 into a spectacle of name-calling and exhortation to hatred of the United States. But no amount of haranguing has persuaded the people of^Hiroshima to hate the U.S. Hiroshima has never had a major anti-American demonstration. Why is this so? Many Buddhists One reason is that Hiro- shimans are Buddhists of a gentle, non-militant sect. Another is that Japanese are fatalistic in nature after centuries of natural and man- m$de calamity. But most im portant, perhaps, is that thousands of Hiroshimans have emigrated to Hawaii and the West^ Coast. It is hard to hate a country which your relatives inhabit and continue to love. Americans who come to H^oshima — and there have b^^ thousands — see the p^ce memorial and the mu- se|jm with its photographs oflthe dead and the pitiful r^cs of the bomb. Some, the custodians report, weep. Others look and quickly walk out. Many write their impressions in the guest book. Here are some of them: "Those who speak empty words of appeasement should first come here"—J. G. Friedl, National City, Calif. . "May it never happen again" — Francis Donovan, Memphis, Tenn. "Frightened" — Douglas Kramlick, Hartford, Conn. In bold red ink, Steven Alien of Hollywood wrote on Aug. 8, 1964—"Open inspection must insure disarmament." More than four million persons have visited the museum since it opened 10 years ago, among them Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt and Anastas Mi- koyan, deputy premier of Russia. "Don't trust America" wrote M. C. Lee of Hong Kong. Hiroshima before the bomb had about 350,000 inhabitants. It was a city of winding, narrow streets and a general air of sleepiness. It was also a military embarkation point and a favorite retirement place i(or old officers- Rebuilding a city, |)articu- pleas, the central government designated Hiroshima a "peace memorial city," making it eligible for national assistance. Arrival of Sasaki Two years later, Sasaki appeared in Hiroshima fresh from having rebuilt Nagoya in a planned and exciting way. A small, gray-haired man with a wisp of mustache, he had served his apprenticeship soon after graduating from Kyoto University helping rebuild Tokyo after the 1923 earthquake. "Hiroshima looked like Tokyo after the earthquake," he recalls. "It was barren, devastated, with nothing standing. I thought, there is work to be done here." As he had done in Nagoya, Sasaki drew 300 - foot - wide boulevards on his blueprints and got gasps of incredulity. He persisted against stiff opposition, particularly from those who had to be dispossessed. 6 Years of Planning It took six years', but by then he was laying out a modern, zoned city with a generous allotment of parks, houses which faced the street (in the old days they often turned their backs on it) and every road wide enough to permit entry of fire trucks. Thanks to his faresightedness, Hiroshima today is free of smog and has had almost no disastrous conflagrations. Matsuda's contribution was to show the way to the commercial life of the city. He had headed the big Toyo Kogyo Co., which turned out airplane engines and rifles for the army. At war's end he turned without hestitation to civilian production. Gave Good Wages He slashed his wartime staff of 11,000 to 700 and went to work turning out three-wheel vehicles, a popular pre-war product. By 1947 he was making 200 a month, now has passed the million mark with his midget-sized compact car, the Mazda. — NEA Telcphoto "Little Boy," the bomb which destroyed Hiroshima, packed its 20 kilotons of explosive power into a casing 28 inches in diameter and 120 inches long. An enlightened business man, he paid comparatively high wages to his employes, gave them a number of fringe benefits and early saw the value of electronics. Computers permit him to operate three assembly lines in his 1.6-mile-long plant, each one producing a different kind of vehicle. His energy and decisiveness encouraged more hesitant businessmen who were inclined to regard Hiroshima as written off, made them stop worrying about the bomb and its effects and get back to the business of living. Doctor Shigeto, a square, balding man who wears his glasses on the end of his nose, was at the Hiroshima Railway Station when the bomb dropped. He was en route to the Red Cross Hospital. Saw White Flash "I saw a white flash," he says with almost clinical detachment, "but I am not sure whether there was any noise. I protected my ears and eyes and dropped to the ground. Everything turned black but from 6 to 10 minutes later the sky gradually became bright, as though it were dawn. Buildings were crumpled like paper. Hundreds of people at the street car stop in front of me were lying on the ground, dead or dying. A concrete, pillar protected me from the direct blast. I received a small head wound, nothing serious." Naisser Urges Brotherhood for Christians, Moslems CAIRO—Pres. Gamal Abdel Nasser, a Moslem, laid the cornerstone of a new Coptic Orthodox cathedral in Cairo Saturday and called for brotherhood between the Moslems and Christians of Egypt. "Fraternity and love between Moslems and Christians dates back to the times of the Prophet Mohammed," Nasser declared, burying a copy of the Bible in Coptic and Arabic beneath tlie first stone of St. Mark's Cathedral. It was one of the few times Nasser had attended a Christian church ceremony. He was accompanied by Egyptian Coptic Pope Kyroliosvi and welcomed by church bells and crowds chanting for unity of "the cross and the crescent." Nasser, whose government donated 100,000 pounds ($230,000) for the cathedral, said equality is his regime's "conception of religion . . , We are all Egyptians and there is no difference between us." Calling Christ "a victim of tyranny" and deploring fanaticism, Nasser said Christians and Moslems are given opportunities under his regime. Egypt was "ordered by God" to promote fraternity between religions, he asserted, and added "I, as president, am responsible for any individual in this country, irrespective of his religion or origin ... it is a responsibility before God." Train Mishap Kills 11 CALCUTTA, India— iJP) — Three cars of the Assam mail train ran off the tracks near Mariani Junction and police reported Saturday II persons perished and 47 were hurt. The word "aviation" stems from the Latin word "avis," meaning bird. Fifty-eight of the Red Cross Hospital staff had been killed, most of the others were hurt. Working day and night in tlie ruined interior he lived there for three months, treating the injured. Headed Hospital Three years later he became director of the hospital, but the idea of establishing a center to specialize in radiation disease obsessed him. Thanks to his efforts, the new Hiroshima Atomic Bomb Hospital was built in 1956 from money raised by government sale of New Year greeting cards. He became its director, has supervised the treatment of 150,000 outpatients with a staff of six doctors and 240 nurses. Of the 349 patients who have died, 172 died of cancer of the stomach, lung or liver, 54 from leukemia. A big, gentle man, he drives himself day and night. What does the hospital need? "Ten more doctors, 20 more nurses and 50 more beds," he replied. "I have asked, but they say no," he added wearily. Photo of Goddess On the wall behind him a photograph of the goddeSs of mercy looked down with a half-smile on her lips. Father Lassalle's contribution is to the spiritual life of the new city. A parish priest at Moboricho, not far from the hypocenter, he was badly cut by flying glass and had time to dream while he recuperated. He envisaged a "peace cathedral," a "monument to world peace thrusting its tower heaven from the charred heart of Hiroshima," as the Jesuits later put it. Sees Pontiff In September,' 1946, in a special audience with Pope Pius XII, he disclosed his dream and with the papal blessing began raising money. The response was electric, not only from Christians but from Buddhist Japan. Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida, Prince Mobuhito Takamatsu, brother of the emperor; Finance Minister (later Prime Minister) Hayato Ikeda, and Mayor Hamai formed a committee to raise funds in Japan. The cathedral, a soaring gray stone-structure, was begun on Aug. 6, 1950, five years to the day after the bomb, and finished on Aug. 6, 1954. U.S. Contributed The U.S., Belgium, Japan and Father Lassalle's own Germany led the contributors. The parade of German cities and states is an impressive one: Bonn, Duesseldorf, Cologne, Aachen, Munster, Ob erammergau, Munich, Westphalia and Bavaria. Former Chancellor Konrad Arenauer donated the gold mosiac over the main altar entitled "The Second Coming of Christ." Austria gave 14 church windows, Spain a tabernacle and Malta the ciborium. Pope Pius gave an ostensory and Pope John a pectoral pearl cross. Father Lassalle, a familiar figure in black beret and cassock, often wanders quietly through the cathedral. He pauses occasionally to read the inscription over the tabernacle, given in 1953 by the city of Bonn. It says: "Out of the Ruins of Man's Guilty Spring the Triumph of the Risen Christ and His Peace." KACINE SUNDAY lULLCTIN I I A Sunday, July 25, 1165 • • ^ Rare Ailment Fatal to Wisconsin Man, 29 CHICAGO HEIGHTS, 111.—. iJf) — James North, 29, of Briggsville, Wis., died in St. James Hospital Saturday of a rare type of tetanus. North was brought to St. I James July 16 for special treatment in the hospital's compression chamber. The chamber is the same type as those used in acclimating deep sea divers to great ocean depths. North is survived by his widow who was with him while he underwent treatment. The body was returned to Briggsville in Marquette County for burial. Former D.A. to Defend 3 Accused in State Slaying MONTELLO —(/P)—A former district attorney was named Saturday as court-appointed defense attorney for three migrant workers accused in the slaying of a young Montello farmer. The three heard formal charges of first degree murder read to them by Marquette County Judge J. K. Callahan before separate preliminary hearings for each Alabama Legislates 'Get Weir for Bull MONTGOMERY, Ala. —(JP) — The State House of Representatives has passed a resolution wishing Lindertis Evulse a speedy recovery and a long, happy and prolific life. Lindertis Evulse is a $176,400 sterile Aberdeen-Angus bull who underwent surgery at Auburn University's large animal clinic Thursday in hopes of correcting the fault which rendered him unproductive. In its resolution, the House pointed out that Lindertis "has focused international attention on Auburn and its competent medical staff in their efforts to restore this magnificent beast to a state condusive to fatherhood." US. mficial Att^Hs Conference in Panamo PANAMA — m — U.S. Asst. Sec. of State Jack Hood Vaughn is in Panama for a weekend conference of U.S. diplomatic representatives in Central America and Caribbean countries. He told newsmen on his arrivel that the meeting was one of a series of periodic, regional conferences. were set for Wednesday morning. Five other migrants, also charged with murder, face preliminary hearings M o n- day. Names of Trio Appearing in court Saturday were Rogelio Buhat, 29, of Phoenix; Edward Saya, 23, of El Paso, Texas, and Ricardo Pastor, 20, of San Francisco. They were being held in maximum security cells at the Columbia County Jail in Portage after being returned Friday from El Paso, where police said Buhat signed a statement admitting the July 16 fatal shooting of Peter Stewart, 20. Judge Callahan named former Marquette County Dist. Atty. Andrew P. Cotter of Montello to defend the three. List Other Five The other five defendants, returned earlier from Michigan and held here, appeared Friday before Judge Callahan, who designated Daniel McNamara of Montello and Philip Lehner of Princeton as their attorneys. The five are Richard Castillo, 19, Yuma, Ariz.; Jimmy Pany, 19, Oakland, Calif., and Carlos Gaucula, 20, Avelino Espina, 21, and Frederick Palafox, 27, all of San Francisco. Stewart was shot along a highway near Moiiteilo after he had driven home a 16- year-old girl who said migrant workers were bothering her. THE JOHN MARSHALL Registration now for BeglnnlnE Law CUiiei *n. & CTC. Sept. U CPUn^M Lawyer! Institute i9^n W/t> Couriet Betin Sept. 20 For Catalog address Registrar. Box 22 315 Plymouth Ct., Chicago 4, 111. WA 2-5828. South of Jackson between State Si Dearborn. HEARING AID^ for NERVE DEAFNESS • Smart HEARING GLASSES • AIMn-The-Ear Models • Behind the Ear • Super Power Aids World's largest exclusne manufacturer ot Hearing Aids and Haaring Testing Equipment. Come In For FREE Hearing Test or Call For Home Appointment Racine Surgical Supports and Appliances B Ask Your Doctor About Us! H 422 Main St. 637-5511 SUMMER Drastic Reductions! CHILDREN'S WOMEN'S MEN'S Save As You Never Saved Before On Such Famous Brands As: COTILLION CROSBY SQUARE CLASSMATES STEP-MASTER HUSH PUPPIES Quality Shoes Since 1919 1801 Douglas Ave. OPEN DAIl^Y 9 to 5:30, FRIDAY 9 to 9 UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN RACINE CENTER EVENING CLASSES FAIL SEMESTER 1965 - 1966 COURSES OFFERED COURSE and No. Credits Freshman English (101) 3 American Literature (211) 3 Statics (101) 3 Int. to Political Analysis (103) 3 Int. to Psychology (201) 4 Int. to Social Psychology (530) 3 Time 7-8:15 T Th 7-8:15 M W 7-8:15 T Th 7-8:15 M W 6:30-8:15 T Th 7-8:15 T Th APPLY NOW students entering the Racine Center for the first time or re-entering MUST COMPLETE THE ADMISSION PROCEDURE BEFORE REGISTERING FOR CLASSES. Application forms are available at local high schools and at the Racine Center and SHOULD BE SUBMITTED NO LATER THAN AUGUST 1st. • ENTERING FRESHMEN must take the American College Test (A. C. T.) before registering. » SPECIAL STUDENTS — Courses listed here are available to adults whp are not degree candidates on a Special Admission basis. For further information call or see Norman Azpell, Adviser to Students, Racine Center, Room 207. Phone 637-6744 Office Hours: M-F 8:30-11:30 a.m., 1:30 -4 :30 p .m. Tuesday. EveniuK 6:30-8 p .m.