Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on September 14, 1998 · Page 4
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September 14, 1998

Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Monday, September 14, 1998
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THE DAILY GLOBE, Ironwood, Ml — pinion Monday, Sept. 14.1998 Page 6 Wealthy tribes asked to give up their funding By CATHERINE STRONG Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) — Lawmakers are putting some pressure on wealthier Indian tribes to give up a large chunk of their federal funding — and several tribes in Michigan have made their list. But the tribes say the method the government is using to determine the wealthiest tribes is faulty. They odd that federal money for tribes should be increased, if anything, because it fails to adequately cover reservation needs for housing, education and health, among other programs. The Senate passed a provision last week asking that the richest tribes voluntarily give back federal money so it could be redistributed to the poorest reservations/ However, the wealthier tribes are small and often receive less than $1 million each. At stake are the tribes' so-called Tribal Priority Allocations, the bulk of the money administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs for tribal government programs such as housing, education and social services. Nationwide, there is about $750 million in TPA funds for the 557 federally recognized tribes — roughly half of all federal aid flowing to the tribes. There are 11 federally recognized tribes in Michigan, BIA officials said. The TPA funds they re- in Michigan Most in poll say Clinton should finish his term By The Associated Press Although many Michiganians don't forgive President Clinton for misleading the country about his affair with Monica Lewinsky, a majority of those polled say he should finish his term. According to a Detroit News poll, 61 percent of voters said they want Clinton to finish his term. Had they known about Clinton's 18-month sexual escapade that began in November 1995 with the former White House intern, 62 percent of Mich- iganians who said they voted for Clinton in 1996 said they would have voted for him anyway. The poll, conducted by Mitchell Research and Communications of East Lansing, surveyed 400 registered Michigan voters from Thursday to Saturday. Fifty-five percent of Michiga- nians said they personally forgive Clinton for having the affair. But 49 percent refuse to forgive him for misleading the country about it. Michigan gives Clinton a 60 percent job approval rating and a 49 percent favorable rating, in keeping with the national trend. Other than the 61 percent who said Clinton should remain in office, 20 percent said he should resign and 13 percent said he should be impeached if he doesn't resign. Steve Mitchell, whose firm conducted the poll, cautioned that public opinion is expected to shift as Americans absorb Starr's report and lawyers haggle over the details. How they voted: WASHINGTON (AP) — The House voted last week to release an independent counsel's report that accuses President Clinton of perjury and obstruction of justice . in the Monica Lewinsky affair. The House voted 363-63 to release the 445-page .report asserting there arc 11 grounds for impeachment. Most of Michigan's 16-rnember delegation voted for the resolution. But Reps. John Conyers and Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick, both Detroit Democrats, voted against it. Rep. Jim Barcia, D-Bay City, missed the vote. Engler, Fieger differ on report By The Associated Press Democratic gubernatorial candidate Geoffrey Fioger said the report to Congress detailing President Clinton's alleged sexual affair won't hurt his party in the Nov. 3 election. "Mr Clinton's lascivious relationship with Monica Lewinsky is none uf my business, nor anybody else's," Fieger said on (lie campaign trail Friday night. Republican Gov. John Kngler said that if what he's heard about the report is true, Clinton's effectiveness to govern will be seriously impaired. Kngler .said he's eager to read the report. "Ho much of this is completely inconsistent with what tie has publicly apologized for," Kngler tolri the Lansing State Journal. "It's no! just some affair with an intern." ceived last year ranged from $1.5 million for the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians to 3160,000 for the Huron Potawatomi. The richest tribe in the country, the Mashan- tuckct Pequot Tribe in Connecticut, is No. 1 on the congressional list with more than $300 million in revenue from its gambling businesses, according to Government Accounting Office figures from 1996. But the tribe, which has 155 members, started giving back its TPA funds last year. That made a Michigan tribe, the Saginaw Chippewa, the new No. 1 on the congressional target list. Bill Cross, the tribe's director of legislative aifairs, called the Senate provision an attack on tribal sovereignty. The tribe makes more than $180 million from its business operations — mostly casino gambling, according to the congressional list based on GAO figures. Congressional lawmakers argue that comes to $219,327 per capita because there are 825 tribe members on the reservation. The congressional list ranks the tribes by per capita earnings, not total earnings. However, Cross said the congressional list is misleading because the tribe has many more members than listed — about 2,400. He said the tribe is "looking at the possibility of giving up our TPA funding" but would want some- thing from the federal government in return, such as support for tax-exempt bonds for economic development. He also said the tribe would want the money to go to other tribes in Michigan. The Saginaw Chippewa received about $570,000 in TPA funds last year. Many tribal leaders agree that nationally Indian communities are often poor and receive far less federal aid than they need for their economic development. ''Most tribes, even with casino revenues, are not coming close to providing all the social services they need. We're certainly not," said John Hatch, spokesman for the Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa. Nationally, nearly 32 percent of Indian people live below the poverty level and unemployment on Indian reservations is 56 percent, according to the National Congress of American Indians. "Casinos have helped us build on the federal funding base, but. we're certainly not indepen- derit. We're working toward it," Hatch said. Sault Ste. Marie Chippewa earned more than $27 million in revenue, mostly from gaming, according to the congressional list. The tribe, with more than 10,000 members, received about $1.5 million in TPA funds last year. Hatch said he feared the Senate provision would set tribes against each other competing limited resources. "It's near political extortion," he said. The Senate Appropriations Committee had approved legislation in June that would have taken $12 million in federal aid from the richest 10 percent of tribes and given it to the poorest 20 percent. But the sponsor, Sen. Slade Gorton, R- Wash., dropped that move in return for the Clinton administration's agreement to come up with a plan by April for redistributing federal aid. "That formula hasn't been developed yet. It will likely be mandatory, not voluntary," Cross said. Gordon said the TPA formula needs to be changed because "a number of quite wealthy tribes receive far greater per capita TPA allocations than some of the most destitute tribes." However, BIA officials say they expect to show Congress federal funding falls far short of meeting the needs of most tribes. "We have tribes that are getting 30 percent of what they need. Others are getting 20 percent or less," said Kevin Cover, the Interior Department's assistant secretary for Indian affairs. Also higher up on the congressional list were Michigan's Hannahville Indian Community of Wisconsin Potawatomie Indians and the Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. The Hannahville tribe has 230 members and is listed with $3.3 million in reservation revenue independent of federal funding. It received about $439,000 in TPA funding last year. EVOLUTION OF AN INVESTOR... Billy Durant: GM founder could sell sand to the Arabs By BURTON FOLSOM On Sept. 16, 1908, one of America's best known companies was born. That was the day that Billy Durant founded General Motors. When the local gossips heard what he had done, some were shocked because Durant actually made his first fortune betting against cars: he was the largest maker of carriages in the U.S. The recent UAW strike against GM has been hard on all parties, but both labor and management have good reason to come together and celebrate the man who started it all, 90 years ago this month. Most carriage makers avoided the auto, but not Billy Durant. He was one of the most remarkable entrepreneurs Michigan has ever produced. Friends said Durant could sell sand to the Arabs and then sell them sieves to sift it. Walter Chrysler once said of Durant, "He could coax a bird right down out of a tree." After a successful stint as a cigar salesman in Flint, Durnnt moved to carriages. In 1886, he started the Flint Road Cart Company and, after 15 years traveling the country hawking a variety of carriages in all sizes and colors, he had transformed $2,000 in start-up capital into a $2 million business with sales around the world. By 1900, several mechanics had been tinkering with gas-powered horseless carriages, but costs were high and quality was low. Durant thought cars were smelly, noisy and dangerous. He had even refused to let his (laughter ride in one-. But instead of calling for government safety regulations, he thought about improving the Buick, a local car with 'few sales and large debts. In 1904, after test-driving a Buick over the potholes in Flint and the mud of the. countryside, he took the/'thallenge of building the car industry almost from scratch. Durant the salesman sprang into action. He entered the Buick in a New York auto show — and came home with orders for 1,108 cars: not bad considering that only 37 Buicks had ever been made. In 1908, after just four years making cars, he had the best-selling car in the business. The carriage king had become the auto genius. Durant and his main rival, Henry Ford, both envisioned mass appeal for the car. Ford, however, thought his company should be built around one standard car, his low-priced, no frills Model T. Durant, from his years in the carriage business, knew if he were to prevail as the auto leader, he needed many different types of vehicles to cater to different incomes and tastes. He scoured the country with the idea of having Buick merge with other companies that could carve out a niche in the auto market. He bought Cadillac for its luxury cars. He formed General Motors in 1908 by consolidating 13 car companies and 10 parts-and-accessories manufacturers. By 1911, however, General Motors was losing money and Ford was selling more cars, prompting a group of Boston stockholders to oust Durant from leadership at General Motors. Thinking the losses were due to Durant's risk- taking brashness, they tried to run the company more cautiously. Durant was resilient, however. With capital and expertise, he mustered from friends, he started making the Chevrolet, a new economy car that quickly captured a large share of the market. Durant then cleverly traded much of his Chevrolet stock for GM stock, and soon held a controlling interest in both companies. In 191fi, he trimphantly returned to GM for a final four-year term in the driver's seat. During his second presidency, Durant bought Fisher Body and Frigidaire to add to Chevrolet, Oldsmobile, Cadillac and Buick. Joining the GM team were Charles Hollering, who invented the self-starter, and Alfred Sloan, a brilliant organizer who wanted annual model changes. The problem was GM began to receive less and less of Durant's time while the stock market on Wall Street captured more and more. The gambling bug bit him hard and he lost touch with the company. In 1920, Pierre du Pont, chairman of the board, helped oust Durant again and worked out an arrangement to buy his GM stock. When the Great Depression hit, Duranl's roller-coaster ride crashed and he declared bankruptcy in 1936. He died in relative obscurity in 1947, but General Motors, his creation, has lived on as the largest car company in the world. . It is no exaggeration to say millions of Americans today are dependent for their livelihoods — directly or indirectly — upon the leadership of the U.S. auto industry which Billy Durant helped establish almost a century ago. Editor's note: Folsom is a senior fellow in economic education at the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, a research and educational organization headquartered in Midland. DATE BOOK Today is the 257th day of IMS and the 86th (lay of summer. TODAY'S HISTORY: On this day in 1741, composer George Handel completed his oratorio "The Messiah." On this day in 1975, Pope Paul VI proclaimed that Elizabeth Ann Scton was America's first native-born saint. On this day in IMS, "The Golden Girls" premiered on NtiC. TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Ivan Pavlov (I849-lS;i6>, physiologist; Charles Dana Gibson (Iftfi7-l'.)44), artist-illustrator Margaret Sanger OWU-lMfi), hirth-con- trol pioneer; Allen Bloom UitliO-i <)!):(), philosopher; Kate MilleU <l<m-> feminist, is 64; Nicol Williamson (lO.'ifi.) actor, is fit); Joey Heatherton (l!)44-)' actress, is 54; Mary Crosby (l!lf>!» ) at-' tress, is .19. DAILY Ap • . WISCONSIN NtWSPWtH ASSN MICHIGAN PHCSS ASSOCIATION Gary Lamberg Editor/General Manager Andy Hill Managing Editor Ralph Ansami News Editor In Their Opinion Don't raise dropout age Almost everyone would agree that discouraging students from dropping out of high school is important. Indeed, in a technology-driven era when employers are turning more and more to better-educated workers, young people should regard a high school diploma as a bare minimum. But raising Michigan's dropout age from 16 to 18, as some lawmakers are proposing, would be an unsound and ineffective way of getting students to stay in school. Rep. Mary Lou Parks, D-Detroit, introduced the bill after the student council of Detroit Public Schools pitched the idea to her. She and other supporters hope the Legislature will consider the bill this fall. Michigan now is among 3,3 states that let students drop out at age 16. Eight states have a dropout age of 17. Rep. Laura Baird, D-Okemos, a co-sponsor, observed, "There isn't a big need for unskilled, untrained uneducated workers in today's workforce." True. But teen-agers leave school early for a variety of reasons — pregnancy, family problems, a perceived need to support, the family. And some leave just because they are bored with school or are frustrated because they aren't doing well in school. It serves little purpose to try to force these individuals to continue in school against their will. For one thing, those who drop out now at 16 sometimes are the most disruptive students... It is unfortunate students leave high school early. And it is a shnme that most of the same students lose interest in education years before that. Educators and parents need to do their best to encourage teens to finish high school by showing them school success is needed to ensure success in the world of work But let's face it: Many teens simply refuse to see that truth. Those who drop out have to experience the harsh reality for themselves... . Encouraging students to stay in school is a fine idea. But you can t force a bored student to get serious about education by legislative mandate. —THE MONROE EVENING NEWS m Doonesbury 5015 /NT£K£STE& IN /VSfTH/tJG 0e&Pf?5 KX7T8AU,: I HOPS. ? YUP- GIRl-5. I TH/NK THAT^ WHYHZ CAM£ / 0Y... ni AT HIM, ANPH£ PtPNT KNCW HOUJ7DHAWLS fT I &VEH/M BY GARRY TRUDEAU HUH? WHBN JA57HeL* 7IMS THAT JUST

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