The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas on December 3, 1924 · Page 5
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The Hutchinson News from Hutchinson, Kansas · Page 5

Hutchinson, Kansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 3, 1924
Page 5
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WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 3. is» THE HUTCHINSON N EWS. PA 'cr. FtvU. AMERICAN PROSPERITY CITED BY COLL1DGE IN MESSAGE (Continued from TIIKO One) tho crops tor thin harvest year may roach |n .l)00,00(),OOU. which Is an Increase ot over ?iJ,UU0,0O0,OU0 In throo yonrs. It compares with |7,100,000,|)00 In 1913. rind It we niak« deduction from Hi eflnures ot 1024 for the comparatively (increased vnluo of Hie rliilhir, ilin Jiold this year still exceeds I'JlIJ in purchasing power bv over 11 ,000,000,000. and In this Interval there has been no increaso In the - number of farmers, Mostly hy his own effort the farmer' has decreased the cost of production. 'A marked Increase In the price of his products and some decrease in the price ot his supplies has brought him about to a parity with . the rest ot the Nation. The crop I urea of this season Is estimated at STfl.OOO.OOi) acres, which Is u decline of 3,000,000 acres from last year, and 0,000.000 ncres from j 1910. This has been a normal and natural application of economic i laws, which has placed agriculture on a foundation which is undent- j Ably sound and beginning to he •atlsfactory. Agriculture Relief Temporary. j A decrease in the world supply wheat bus resulted in a very large Increase In the price of that commodity. The position of ail ^ agricultural products Indicates a 'tetter balanced supply, hut wo can not yet conclude that agriculture Is recovered from the effects of the war period or that it is permanently on a prosperous basis. The cattle industry has not yet recovered and. in some sections lias been suffering from dry weather. Kvory effort must be made, both by Government activity and by private agencies, to restore and maintain agriculture to a complete normal relationship with otiior Industries. It was on account ot past depression, and in splto of present more encouraging conditions. Unit I liavo assembled an Agricultural Conference made up of those who lire representative ot this great industry In both its oporatlng and •economic sides. Kveryone knows that tho great need of the further is markets. The country is not »utfering on tho side of production. Almost the entire difficulty Is on iha side of distribution. Tills Teaches back, of course, to unit <?osts and diversification, nud snany allied subjects. It is exceedingly intricate, fox our domestic and foreign trade, transportu- itionund hanking, and in riict our *ntlre economic, system, are elo .-ie- 3y related to it. lu time for action at this session, I hope to report to the Congress such legislative remedies as the conference may recommend. An appropriation should Tie made to defray iheir necessary expenses. I Muscle Shoals. Tho production of nitrogen for plant food In peace and explosives in war is more and more important. It Is one of the chief sustaining olements of life. It Is estimated that soil exhaustion each year is represented by aiiont O.eoO.- , 000 tons nnd replenishment " by S.450,000 tons. Tho deficit of 3,5ot),000 tons is reported to represent tho Impairment of HS.OOft.OOO acres of farm lands each year. To meet these necessities Uie Government has been developing a water power project at Muscle Shoals to he equipped to produce n trogeu for explosives and fertilizer. It is tuy opinion that the support ot agriculture Is the chief problem to consider In connection •with tills property. It could by no means supply the present needs fur nitrogen, but It would help and Its development would encourage bringing other water powers into liiie use. • Siovcral offers have been made for the purchase of" this property. Probably none of tht-tii represent final terms. Much costly o.vperi- i mentation la necessary to produco commercial nitrogen. For that reason It is a field better suited to (private enterprise than to llovom- inent operation. I should favor a (sale of this property, or long-time [lease, under rigid guaranties o* Commercial nitrogen production at (reasonable prices for agricultural luse. There would be. a surplus of [power for many years over any •osslbllltjr of Its application to a •evoloplng manufacture of nltro- ken. It may be found advantageous to dispose ot the right to sur, plus power separately with such [reservations as will allow Its grad- Jital withdrawal and application to siltrogon manufacture. A subcom- , jmlttee of tho Committees on Agriculture should Investigate this (field and negotiate with iirospec- jtivo purchasers. If no advantageous offer be made, the development should continue and the plant should be .dedicated primarily to tho production of lunteriuls for the fertilization of the soil. Railways. The railways during tho past year liavo mude still further progress In recuperation from the war, wilh largo gains in efficiency and ( ability .expeditiously to handle the traffic of tho country. Wo have now passed through several periods of peuk traffic without the car shortages which so frequently In the past have brought havoc io our agriculture and industries. The condition of ninny of our great freight terminals is still one of difficulty nml results lu Imposing large costs on the public for In- wnrd-boupd freight and on tho railways for outward-bound freight. Owing to tho growth of our large titles and tho groat increaso In the j | volume ot traffic, particularly In E orisliables, the problem is not nly difficult of solution, but. lu soma cases not wholly solvable by f-allway action alone. in my message Inst year I em- f iliatilzoil tho necessity or further eglslatlon with a view to expediting the consolidation' of our railways Into larger systems. The principle of Government control of [•ates and profits, now thoroughly Imbedded in our governmental attitude toward natural monopolies Fiich as tho railways, at once eliminates the need ot competition by uniall units as a method of rate irijustnient. Competition must be preserved as a stimulus to service, but this will exist, and can be Increased under enlarged systems. Consequently the consolidation of tho railways Into larger units tor tho purpose of securing the substantial values to the public which will come from larger operation bus been tho logical conclusion of Congiessl In Its previous enactments, and is also supported by the best opinion in the country. Such consolidation ivill as3uro not only, n greater element of competition as to service, but It will afford economy In operation, greater stability In railway earnings, and more economical financing. It opens large possibilities of better equalization of rales between ditto! out classes of truffle so as to relieve undue burdens upon agricultural products and rti.v materials ^onerally, which are now not possible without ruin to small units owing to the luck of diversity of traffic. It would also tend to equalize earnings In such fashion an to reduce the Importance of section ISA." at which criticism, often misapplied, has been directed. A smaller number of units would of- fi -r less difficulties in labor adjustments and would contribute, much to the solution of terminal difficulties. Number Not Important. The consolidations need to be carried out with due regard to public inlerest and to the rights and established life of various communities in our country. It does not seem to me necessary that we endeavor to anticipate any final plan or adhere to tiny artlclfial and unchangeable project which shall stipulate a fixed number of systems, but rather wo ought to approach the problem wilh such a latitude of action that, it can be worked out step by step in accordance with a comprehensive consideration of public Interest. Whether tho number of ultimate systems shall be more or less seems to mo can only be determined by time and actual experience lu the development ot such consolidations. Those portions of the present law contemplating consolidations are not sufficiently ettectlvo lit producing expeditious action and need amplification of tho authority of the Interstate Commerce Commission, particularly in affording a period for voluntary proposals to tho commission and in supplying Government pressure to secure action after tho expiration of such a period. There are other proposals before Congress for aniendlng the transportation acts. One of these contemplates n, revision ot the method ot valuation for rate-making purposes to be followed by a renewed valuation of the railways. Tho valuations Instituted by the Interstate Commerce Commission 10 years ago have not yet been completed. They have cost the Government an enormous sum. and they havo imposed great expenditure upon tho railways, most of which has In effect come out of the public in Increased rates. This work should not bo abandoned or supplanted until Its results are known nnd can be considered. Must Heed Public Rights. Another matter before the Congress is legislation affecting the labor sections ot the transportation act. Much criticism hos been directed at the workings. of this section and experience has shown that some useful amendment could be made to these provisions. It wopld be helpful if a plan could be adopted which, while retaining the practice of systematic collective bargaining with conciliation and voluntary arbitration of labor differences, couid also provide simplicity in relations and more direct local responsibility of employees and managers. 1'lut such legislation will not meet the requirements of the situation unless it recognizes the principle that tho public has a right to Ibe uninterrupted service of transportation, and therefore a right to be heard when there is danger that, the Nation may suffer great'injury through the interruption of operations because of labor disputes. If these elements are not comprehended In proposed legislation, it would lie better to gain further experience with the pfesout organization for dealing with theso questions before undertaking a chango. Shipping Board. The form of the organization of the shipping Board was based orlglually on UB functions as a semijudielal body in regulation ot rate*. During the war it was loaded wdth enormous administrative duties. It has been demonstrated limo and again that this form of organization results In indecision, division ot opinion and administrative functions, which mako a wholly Inadequate foundation for the conduct of u great business en- terprlso. Tho first principle in securing the objective set out by Congress In building up tho American merchant marino upon the great trade routes and subsequently disposing of It Into private operation can not procoed with effectiveness until the entire functions of the. board are reorganized. The immediate requirement is to transfer into the Emergency Fleet Corporation tho whole responsibility of operation of tho fleet and other property, leaving t the Shipping Hard solely the duty of determining , certain major policies which require deliberative action. Tho procedure under section 28 of tho merchant marluo act has created great difficulty and threatened friction during tho past 12 months. Us attempted application developed not only great opposition from exporters, particularly as to burdens that may he Imposed upon agricultural products, but also great anxiety in the different seaports as to the effect upon their relative rale structures. This trouble will certainly recur if action is attempted under tills section. It is uncertain in somo of its terms and of groat difficulty in interpriitiition. It fs my belief that action under this section should ho suspended until tho Congress can reconsider tho entire question in tho light of the experience that has been developed slnco lis enactment. National Elections. Nothing is so fundamental to the Integrity of a republican form of government as honesty In all that relates to the conduct ot elections. 1 am ottho opinion that tho national laws governing the choice of members of Ihn Congress should he extended to Include appropriate representation of tho respective parties at the ballot box and equality of representation on the various registration boarde, wherever they exist. The Judiciary. The docket of the Supreme t'oilrt Is becoming congested. At the opening term Inst year it had 01)2 cases, while litis year It had tiS7 cases, .lustlco long delayed Is justice refused. I'nless the court be given power hy preliminary and summary consideration to determine I he Importance of cases, and by disposing of those which are not of public moment reservo its time for the more extended consideration of the remainder, tho congestion ot the docket Is likely to increase. It i« also desirable I hat tho Supreme Court should have power to improve and reform procedure in suits at law in the Federal courts through the adoption of appropriate rules. The Judic;- liry Committee of tho Senate has reported favorably upon two bills providing for theso reforms which should have, tho Immediate favorable, consideration of the Congress. I further recommend that provision be made for the appointment of a commission, to consist of two or ihreei members of tho Federal Judiciary and as many members of the bar, to examine tho present criminal code ot procoduro and recommend to the Congress measures which may reform and expedite court procedure in the administration and enforcement of our criminal laws. Prison Feform. Pending before tho Congress la a bill which has already paused one House providing for a reformatory to which could be committed first offenders and young men for the purpose of segregating them from contact with hardened criminals and providing them with special training, In order to reestablish in them the power to pursue a law- nbitllng existence in the social and economic life ot tho Nation. This is a matter of so much importance an to warrant tho early attention of tho present session. Further provision should also bo made, for a like reason, for a separate reformatory for women. National Police Bureau. Representatives of tho International Police Conference will bring to the attention ot the Congress n posal . for tho establishment, ot a national police bureau. Such action would provide a central point for gathering, compiling, and later distributing to local police authorities much informtaion which would be helpful in tl..i prevention and detection of crime. 1 believe tills bureau is neoded, and 1 recommend favorable, consideration of this proposal. District of Columbia Welfare. Tho well'aro work ot the District of Columbia is administered by several different boards dealinr with charities and various correctional efforts. It would be an improvement if tlu'H work were consolidated and placed under the direction of a single commission. • French Spoliation Claims. Thiring tho last session of the Congress legislation was Introduced looking to the payment of the remaining claims generally referred to as tho French spoliation claims. Tho Cougrc-j,o has provided for the payment ot many similar claims. Those that remain unpaid havo been long pending. The beneficiaries thereunder have every reason to expect payment. Theso claims havo been examined by the Court or Claims and their validity and amount determined. Tho Vnlted Htutes ought to pay Its debts, r recommend action by tho Congress which will permit of the payment of these remaining Claims. The Wage Earner. T.wo very important policies have been adopted by this country which, while extending their benefits also In other directions, have been ot tho utmost importance to the wage earners. One of these is tho protective tariff, which enables our people to live according to a better stundard and recelvo a better rate ot compensation than any people, any time, anywhere on earth, ever enjoyed. This saves the American market for the products of the American workmen. Tho other Is a policy of more recent orlglu and seeks to shield our wage earners from the disastrous competition of a great Influx of foreign peoples. This has been done by tho restrictive Immigration law. This saves the American Job for the American workmen, f should like to see the administrative features ot this law rendered a little more humano for tho purpose of permitting those already hero a greater latitude in securing admission uf members of their own families. Hut f believe this law in principle is necessary and sound, and destined to Increase greatly the publl i welfare. Wo must maintain our own economic position, wo must defend our own national Integrity. It is gratifying to report that tho progress ot indufltj-y, the enormous increase In individual productivity through labor-saving devices, ami the high rate ot w-uges havo all combined to furnish our people iu general with such an abundance not only ot tho necessaries but of the conveniences of life that we nro by a natural evolution solving our problems of economic and social justice. The Negro. These developments li a v e brought about a very remarkable improvement In tho condition of the negro race. Gradually, but surely, wilh the almost universal sympathy of those among whom they live, the colored people are working out their own destiny. I firmly believe that It is bettor for all concerned that they should ho cheerfully accorded their full constitutional rights, that th'ey should bo protected from all of thosa impositions to which, from their position, they naturally fall a prey, especially from the crime of lynching, and that they should recelvo every encouragement to become full partakers In all tho blessings ot our common American citizenship. Civil Service. The merit system has long boon recognized as tho correct basis for employment in our olvll service. I believe that first, second, and third class postmasters, and without covering in Hie present membership the field force ot prohibition enforcement. should be lirought within the classified service by statute law. Otherwise the 'Executive order ot one administration is changed by the Executive order of another administration, and little real progress Is made. Whatever Its defects, the merit system is certainly to bo preferred to the spoils system.' Departmental Organization. One way to save public, money would bo to pass Ihn pending bill for tho reorganization ot tho various departments. This project has been pending for somo time, and hns bad tho most careful consideration ot experts and thu thorough study ot a special congressional committee. This legislation is vital as a companion piece to the Budget law. Legal authority for n thorough reorganization of the Federal structure with some Inlittldo ot action to tho Executive in tho rearrangement of secondary functions would made for continuing economy in the shift of Government activities which must follow every chango in a developing country. Beyond this many ot tho independent agencies of the Government must be placed under responsible Cabinet officials. It we are to have safoguards of efficiency,-economy, and probity. Army and Navy. Little has developed lu relation to our' national defense which needs special attention. Progress Is constantly being made in nlr navigation nnd requires oncourage- ment and development. Army aviators have made a successful trip around the world, for which I recommend suitable recognition through provisions for promotion, compensation, and retirement. Under tho direction of tho Navy a new Zeppolin has been successfully brought from Europe across the Atlantic to our own country. Due to the efficient supervision of tho Secretary ot War tho Army of the United States has been organized with a small body of Regulars and a moderate National Guard and Reserve. The defense test of September 12 demonstrated the efficiency of the operating plans. These methods Rud operations are w^ll worthy of congressional support. Keep Navy Fit. Under the limitation of armaments treaty a largo saving In outlay and a considerable decrease In maintenance of the Navy has been accomplished. Wo should maintain the policy of constantly working toward tho full treaty strength of the Navy. Careful Investigation is being mnde In this department of the relative Importance ot aircraft, surface and submarine vessels, in order that wa may not fail to take advantage of all modern improvements for our national defense. A special commission also Is Investigating tho problem ot petroleum oil for the Navy, considering the befit policy to insure the future supply of fuel oil and prevent the threatened drainage of naval oil reserves. Legislative action is required to carry on experiments In oil shale reduction, as largo deposits of this type have been set aside for the use of the Navy. Wo have been constantly besought to engage lu competitive armaments. Frequent reports will reach us of the magnitude of the military equipment of other nations. We shall do well to be little Impressed by such reports or such actions. Any nation undertaking to maintaiu a military establishment with aggressive and Imperialistic designs will find Itself severe, ly handicapped In the economic development ot the world. I believe thoroughly lu the Army and Navy, In adequate defense and preparation. But 1 am opposod to anv policy ot competition in building and maintaining land or sea armaments. Wants World Friendship. Our country has definitely relinquished the old standard of dealing with other countries by terror and force, nnd is definitely committed to the new standard of dealing wdth them through friendship and understanding. This new policy should bo constantly kept in mind by the guiding forces of the Army nnd Navy, by tho Congress and by tho country at large. I believe It holds a promise ot great benefit to humanity. I shall resist any attempt to resort to tho old methods and tho old standards. I am especially solicitous that foreign nations should comprehend the candor and sincerity with which we havo adopted this position. While we proposo to maintain defensive and supplementary police forces by land and sea, nnd to train them through Inspections and maneuvers upon appropriate occasions in order to maiutuln their efficiency, l wish ovory other nation to understand that this doos not express any unfriendliness or convey any hostile intent. 1 want tho armed forces of America to be considered by all peoples not as enemies but as friends, na the contribution which is made by this country for tho maintenance of tho peaco and security of the world. Veterans. With the authorization for general hospitalization of the veterans of all wars provided during the preseut year, the care and treatment of those who havo served their country lu tlmo ot peril and the attitude of tho Government, toward them Is not now so much one of needed legislation as one oj careful, generous and humane administration. It will over be recognized that their welfare Is of tho first coucern and always en-. titled to the most solicitous consid- i oration on the part of tliulr felfow \ citizens. They are organized In i various associations, of which the chief and most representative is the Anntlcan Legion. Through its officers the Lcgiun will present ui tho Congress numerous suggestions tor legislation. They, cover such tt wide variety ot subjects i havo already been made by olfier that It Is impossible to discuss governments for a European con- them within th" scope of this ni''«- I ference, it wiil tie necessary lo sage. With many of tho proposals | wait to see what the outcome of I join in hearty approval and com- j their actions may h'\ 1 should not mend ibem all lo the sympathetic i wish lo proper.- , n - have repr -seii- investigation and consideration of natives attend a conference which the Congress. } would contemplate commitments Foreign Relations. opposed to th- fi-edom ot action I At no period In the past 12 years : we desire lo maintain unimpaired have our forclsu relations been in t with r-:.pect to our purely domes- I such a satisfactory condition as | tic poilch s. I they are at the present time. Our j International Law. actions In the recent months have I Our country shu.iel uisn support greatly strengthened the Amerl-f efforts, which are being niado to-: can policy of permanent p^ace | ward tli Miii 'icalion of interim- wilh independence. Tho nttltudi which our Government took and maintained toward an adjustment of lCuropean reparations, by pointing out. that it was not a political but. a business problem, has dem- tlonal law. Wo can look more hopefully, in tin' first lnsiance, for repealch and studies that are lik':- ly to ho productive of results, to a cooperation among reiiresentaiLes j of the bar and members of interna- Furniture Novelties Cheaper This Year Christmas novelties In the furril-• turo line will come rhe.ip-r this 1 year, according to Fred Shaffer "f • th» Shnff-r Furniture store. C"nt» of Dfi p-r cent or more under prices | of h'st year will be noticed In such articles as smoking stands. "The prim reason for this,' explained Mr. Sh.iffcr. "is that wait-il late to buy and os wo h;ei expecteii, found the factories ov<- stocked. The demand general!-' was not ap (o their expectation ; and we are consequently nolo v be;- at greatly re,lured price--." "BREAD" IS A SLICE OF REAL LIFE. suras MTOLVL NOW! IT'S BIG! '1 the sti.-r-ing I f* ot th* Gr?at S3-.itr> ,v»',t onstrated its wisdom by Its actual J tlonal law institutes and societies, | results. We desiro to see Kuropu than to a conference of those who ( restored that it may resume its productivity in the increase of industry ami its support In the ad- vniTeo of civilization. Wo look with great gratification at the hopeful prospect of recuperation In Europe through the Jtawes plan photoph'iv to be; we.-U j are technically representative of their respective governments, al-! though, when projects have been J developed, they must go to the '. governments for their approval. | These expert professional studies : ire going on In certain quarters sistauce as can he given through ; anil should havo our constant, en- I tho action ot the public authorities I couragoinetit and approval, and of our private citizens, through I Outlaw of War. , I friendly counsel and cooperation, J Much Interest has of late been j and through economic nnd finan- j manifested in this country in the j elal Kurort, not for any warlike : discussion of various proposals to i effort but for reproductive outer-' outlaw aggressive war. I look with prlso, not to provido means for un-1 great sympathy upon the examiua- sound government- financing but to . tion of this subject. It is in nar- establlsh sound business udminis-' tuony with the traditional policy .trillion, should bo unhesitatingly, of our country, which is against provided. \ aggressive war and for the main- Ultimately nations, like Individ- j tenanco ot permanent and honor- uais, can not depend upon each j able peace. While, as I have said, other but must depend upon them- j wo must safeguard our liberty to — TT ,.....- -~- . - - - ijp^l Qecording to our own Judg- selves. Each one must work out its own salvation. Wo have every desire to help. But with all our | resources wo are powerless to save [ unless our efforts meet with a constructive response. The situation t In our own country nnd all over tho world is ouo that etui bo improved only by bard work and self- denial. It is necessary to reduce expenditures, increaso savings and liquidate debts. It Is in this direction that there lies tho greatest hope of domestic tranquility and international peace. Our own country ought to furnish the leading example lu this effort. Our past adherence to this policy, our constant refusal to maintain a military establishment that could bo thought to menace the sec.uriy ot others, our honorable dealings with oilier nations whether great or small, has left us lu the almost constant enjoyment ot peace. It is not necessary to stress the general desire of all the people of this country for the promotion of peace, it is the leading principle of nil our foreign rotations. Wo have ou every occasion tried to cooperate to this end In all ways that wero consistent with onr proper Independence and our traditional policies. It will bo my constant effort, to maintaiu these principles, and to reinforce them by all appropriate agreements and treaties. While we desire alway3 to cooper- ata and to help, we are- equally determined to be independent and free. Right and truth and justice and humanitarian efforts will have the moral support of this country ail over tho world. But wo 'lo not j wish to become involved in the political controversies of others. Nor is tho country disposed to be- como a member ot the League oT Nations or to assume the obligations Imposed by its covenant. International Court. America has been one of the foremost nations in advocating tribunals for the settlement of international disputes of a justiciable character. Our representatives took a leading part In those conferences which resulted in the establishment of The Hague Tribunal, and lut-r in providing for a Permanent Court of International Justice. I believe it would bo for the advantage ot this country nnd helpful to the stability of other nations for us to adhere to tho protocol establishing that court upon the conditions stated iu the recommendation which is now before tho Senate, and further that our country shall not be bound by advisory opinions which may bo rendered by tho court upon questions wdiich we havo not voluntarily submitted tor its judgment. This court would provido a practical and convenient tribunal before which wo could gu voluntarily, but to which wo could not be summoned, for a determination of justici­ able questions when they fall to be resolved by diplomatic negotiations. Disarmament Conference. Many times 1 have expressed my deslro lo see the work of tho Washington Conference on Limitation of Armaments appropriately supplemented by further agreements for a further reduction and fer the purpose of diminishing the menace nnd waste of the competition In preparing Instruments " f international war. It has been and Is my expectation that wo might hopefully approach other great powers for further conference on this subject as soon as tho carrying out of the present reparation plan as the established and settled policy of Europe has created a favorable opportunity. Bui on account of proposals which "Hreud." th shown at the Midland t!u end, starting tomorrow. In conjune-. tion with vaud-viilr. is ;i 1 rll-1:iir achievement, among recent photo-1 plays. It Is a gripping dramattz.i-; tion ot tin 1 rhnrles ]i. Norris novel which caused such infinite diseu- sion a season imn. It t'-•list in graphic fashion lii- insld- story of a troubled tnarriace, Th- cist includes Mae llusch. Robert Krazer, i Pat O'Mallpy, Wanda ll.iwley. Ho-, hart Ilosworth end others. In addition to "Bread" and usual Midland short subjects standard vaudeville acts will offered—Scatty Welsh and .Madison stisters in harmony singing and the Wonlen Brothers In nn act. carrying Hie billing ot "l-'eais with tho Feet." Thrill ::!':--• Ihr! I will ',•-':•] . Iire.-iihi,---: as 'bU r dr.iiu4 sweeps before yen, the story o: the hist stand of t:t- -Mtrlf kit.CS :ni,l :!••!!- ,!l :-.'- n :•• the two be the NEXT WEEK—> Harold Bell Wrights "Mine With The Iron Door We are always ready to give you service. Just call 6:'. Hagland- Klngsley Motor Co. ii-lt monl with our domes!lu policies.; wo can not fail to view with syin- ; pal hello interest all progress to | this desired end or carefully to | study the measures that may be! proposetl to attain tt. ! Latin America. | While wo nro desirous ot promoting peace in every quarter ot the globe, we have a special interest in tho peaco of tills hemisphere. It is our constant desiro that ail causes ot dispute in this area may bo tranquilly and satisfactorily adjusted. Aloug with our desire for peace is the earnest hopo for tho Increased prosperity of our sister republic's of Latin America, and our constant purpose lo promote cooperation with, them which may bo mutually beneficial and always inspired by the. most cordial friendships. Foreign Debts. About $12, IIOI.I,(IOI),IIOO is. due to | our Government from abroad, mostly from F.itropean Governments. Great Britain, Finland, Hungary, Lithuania nud Poland have negotiated settlements amounting close to J5,t)UO,fli)i),U0O. This represents the funding of over 12 per cent of the debt, since the creation of the special Foreign li-l)t Commission. As the lite of this commission is abuut to expire, its term should be extended. 1 am opposed to tho cancellation of these debts and believe It for the best welfare ot the world that they sLoiild he liquldateti and paid as fast as possible. I do not favor oppressive measures, but unless money that is borrowed is repaid credit can not be. secured in limn of necessity, and there exists besides a moral obligation which our country can not ignore and no other country can evade. Terms and conditions may have to conform to differences in the financial abilities of the countries con- ceruotl. But. the principle that each country should meet its obligation admits of no differences and is of universal application. it is axiomatic that our country can not stand still, it would seem to be perfectly plain from recent events that it is determined to go forward. But it wauls no pre- teuses, it wants no vagaries. It is determined to advance in an orderly, sound and coinnion-senso way. It does not propose to abandon the theory of the Declaration that the people have inalienable rights which no majority and no power of government can destroy. it does not propose to abandon the practice of tho Constitution that provides for tho protection of theso rights. It believes that within these limitations, which are imposed not by tho fiat of man but by tho law of the Creator, self-government is just and wise. It Is convinced that It will bo impossible for tho people to provido their own government unless they continue to own their own property. Theso are the very foundations of America. On them has been erected a Government of freedom and equality, ot Justice and mercy, of education and charity. Living under it and supporting it the people have come Into great possessions on the material and spiritual sides of life. 1 want to continue in tills direction. I know that tho Congress shares with me that do- sire. 1 want our institutions to bo more and more expressive ot these principles. 1 want Hie people of all the earth to see in tho American flag tiie symbol of a Government which intends no oppression at homo and no aggression abroad, which Iu the spirit, of a common brothoihood provides assistance in time ot distress. Results Prove It Stops Pyorrhea Don't let anyone tell you Pyor- . then Is incurahle, Thoussiiiis and i thousands who had Pyorrhea, In i first or advanced stages, nro now i tree from bleeding, sore, spongy j gums and loose teeth because of ; Jo-Vex. Jo-Vex, the wonderful dis-; covory ot a prominent dental specialist, kills the' -erms of Pyorrhea. I stops bleeding and tenderness. , hardens and shrinks Hie gums, promotes healing, purifies the ', mouth and breath, and halts tho i poisoning of tho system. Used in directed, Jo-Vex may be relied ! upon to eliminate Pyorrhea com- j pletely. Jo-Vex is inexpensive anil ' easy to use. Sold on money-baclt guarantee by most druggists, especially A & A Drug Co. and Foltz ; Pharmacies. If your dealer can't i supply you, send $1,00 to tho j Jo-Vex Co., Akron, Ohio. j One Night Only MONDAY, DEC. 8 li 1 3e/i$M;a/ r P7a^ Prices: tiUc--$ l.t.-j—ii.-..> M.lii Oni«fs Now— 3« its Tomorrow at Theatre. IRIS Mat. 6c and 10c Evening 10c Tonight. "TH 2 HOOSIER SCHOOL• MASTER." "Down to the Soa !n Shoe*.' Comedy. Tomorrow Charles (Buck) Jones In "CUPID'S FIREMAN," A real thriller, depleting tn> life of the fireman. "Highly Recommended," comedy. TODAY Lillian Gish in "THE WHITE SISTER" TM mojt i...VLtitlf.)l IAVS 3*'-' ever filmed. Alsto "The Blow Out" A t'.vnlnry tirtt run comeilf. Tmorrow Til Saturday A Slice of Real Life! Last Times Tonite! Rudolph Valentino In "The Sainted Devil" i i J 7 Charles G. Norris' Novel BREA With Mae Busch, Wanda Hawley, Myrtle Stedman, Hobart Bosworth, Pat O'Malley, Rob't Frazer, Ward Crane A story cut from the hearts of everyday people—a deep, iwift, moving, thrilling story of men and women, neither rich nor poor, whoso lives depend upon salaries. I T ! Conjunction With 2—Acts—2 VAUDEVILLE

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