Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on July 22, 1961 · Page 1
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July 22, 1961

Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, July 22, 1961
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To City Subscribers: If you foil to get your Star please telephone 7-3431 by 6;30 p. m. and a special carrier will deliver your paper. Hope Knife Star For Weather Report See Column at Bottom of This Page 152ND YEAR: VOL. 62 — NO. 239 ttar of Hope, W», Prtit 1*27 CMtolMattd J.n. 11, !»!• HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JULY 22, 1961 Member; The AKOtlotfed Prett A Audit Hurcau e» Clreulatloni Av. Hm Paid Clrc'l I m«l. *M!n« March 11, 1»»1 — 1,3)1 PRICE 5c COPY U.S. to Airlift 20,000 Cubans Cost $350,000 By JOHN M. HIGHOWER WASHINGTON (AP) _ The United Slates organized a commercial airlift today to Rive free flights from Havana to Miami to more than 20,000 Cuban refugees. Whether Prime Minister Fidel Castro would permit the mass ojpdtis was not known immedi- «*ly in Washington. The Stale Department announced Friday night that the government had "arranged to defray the cost" of transportation for the more than 20,000 Cuban citizens who arc cleared to come to this country. The over-all cost was estimated at around $,')50,000. The plan was worked out with Pan American Airways with some .•apcial flights to start today from Miami. The full schedule of 10 flights daily, each trip bringing in a little more than 100 persons, is due to start Sunday, the State Department said. A Pan Am spokesman in Miami said a lot would depend on the speed with which Cuban authorities process the passengers— if they do at all. 'That's a complicated busi- i*ss," he said. "We'll send our regular flight off at 10:30 a.m. and wait for word from Havana before sending the next one." The refugees qualified for the airlift transportation are those who obtained U.S. visas before the United States broke off relations with Cuba last January and those who since have obtained "waivers of visas." A waiver is r'wiply a ruling by the U.S. government that an individual may enter without a visa. Since the break in relations, no Cuban has been able to obtain a visa because there are no U.S. consuls in Cuba. Most of the Cubans holding waivers, the State Department announcement said, fall into two groups—relatives of Cubans already living in the United States ;spd students under 21 who wish to continue their education here. U.S. authorities said that all citizens leaving Cuba require exit permits; no one here could say whether the pro-Communist Castro regime would allow exit permits for this operation. The funds for U.S. underwriting of the operation come from a contingency fund of the Inlcrna- \ional Cooperation Administration. White said this is the same fund from which the federal Department of Health, Education and Welfare draws financing for relief of Cuban refugees already in the United States. UNUNSUAL AIRPORT The airport for the Scottish island of Barra in the Outer ifibbrides is a beach covered with cockleshells. Planes land at low tide. Space Bill Is Signed |>y President WASIIINGON (AP)—Onlfc' a few hours after this country sci|t its second man into space, President Kennedy today signed a bill authorizing vastly expanded space projects, including a start toward sending a man to the moon. Kennedy (ok note of Capt. Virgil I. Grissom's space flight as he put his signature to the bill. 11 4|thorizcs the National Acronau- ti.-s and Space Administration to sp> nd $1,784,300,000 in the year ahc, 'J. The amount was every cent Kennedy had asked. Jn brief statement, Kennedy said , was significant thai the bill was signed on the day America's second astronaul made his flight "before the eyes of the watching world and wilh all the 1'ijard it entails. *'H i also significant lhal once again • : have demonstrated the technal excellence of this country," the President said. "As our space program continues it will continue lo be this nation's policy lo use space for the advancement of all mankind and to make free release of all scientific and technological results." The bill was passed only Thurs- Jiy by the House and £cnule. ;J3<J\ Mrtiffi**^ PINNACLE OF FAITH—This unusual steeple towers over a new Dutch Reformed church in Pretoria, South Africa The church which has a 2,000 member congregation is done in modernistic design, as arc most of the churches now under construction in South Africa. Lav/makers Would Run by Position LITTLE ROCK (AIM — Arkansas congressmen apparently will run by position, instead of as a group, if a reclistricl.ing controversy results in an al-large race in J9G2. Laywers cite a I'Hi'Jaw which requires every nominee for a House seal lo receive a majority of Ihe voles in a primary election. The law stipulates thai svhen there is more than one candidate for the same office they must file by positions. Technically, although Arkansas will have four House seals open for election in 1I)(I2, all candidates will be seeking one office — U.S. representative. The machinery would be similar to that in school board races, where candidates file by position, situation. Ally. Gen. Frank I loll is studying the law and will deliver a legal opinion, but some lawyers think the 1!M3 law covers the congressional election has been simply of a "statewide 1 ' race, as if all candidates would be competing against, all others and Ihe four wilh the most voles would win. .If candidate's are nominated by position in Ihe primaries, they would run by position in the general election. The l!l(il redislrieling law, Act 5, ran into trouble because .Jefferson, Arkansas and Lincoln counties didn't like being placed in a district witli northeast Arkansas. Legislators from Ihe three counties battled the bill during the Legislature and later circulated petitions to get il referred lo popular vole in the 1%2 general election. Referral suspended ef- feelivness of the act and opened the threat of an al-large campaign. Holt, also is delving into Ihe law-books lo determine whether, the Legislature, in special session, can amend or repeal the retSis- tricting act now thai it has been referred. The general opinion is that the Legislature is helpless to interfere with Ihe law now thai it has been placed before (he people. Redisl riding was necessary because Arkansas lost two House scats, reducing its total lo four, because of a population losy reflected in Ihe I%0 census. U.S. Output Has Mode a Big Jump By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AIM—Americans are more affluent than they thought. President Kennedy says the national output has made an uue.\|jc:ctedly big jump. This will come as a surprise to those Americans whose own income hasn't gone up any, even if some of their bills have. It may astonish those who bought a number of glamor stocks and even blue chips al prices well above their currenl ones. II will be a matter of wonderment to some ru; million Americans who are listed as out of work and one million more who are working part lime. And it may even surprise those merchants and retail dealers who haven't experienced a step up in sales in line with the announced increase in personal incomes. Just what caused the big jump in national output of goods and services, known as the Gross National Product? The President says Ibis is now running at an annual rale of $515 billion, a jump of $14 billion from Ihe first three months of 10(il. This increase compares wilh a jump of .$l(i billion between the first and second quarters of 11)5!) when the economy was recovering from an earlier recession. The GNP for all of 10(50 was $50-1.5 billion, up 4.5 per cent from III.")!). Two si/able increases between the April-May-.Juno period and tho January-March quarter are easy to spot. GovernmeiH spending 'has in- Continued on Page Two Astronauts in Huddle to Plot New Ventures By ATON BLAKESLEE GRAND BAHAMA ISLAND (AP)—Two of the world's three space travelers—Virgil Grissom and Alan Shepard Jr.—met with their fellow American astronauts today to plot new steps along the trail lhal leads lo Ihe moon. First, they want lo match he- feat of the Russian, Yuri Gagarin, first human lo orbit Ihe earth. Then it's on toward President Kennedy's goal of sending ] an American team lo the moon j and back in Ibis decade. ', "Gus" Grissom relaxed after a j hair-raising journey in space that | ended in a swim for his life in the Atlantic Ocean. The Air Force captain, ;i!i, had successfully followed Ihe sub- j orbital trail first flown last May 5 by Shepard, but his journey was much more dangerous. Williams Home, Hits Trouble LONDON (AP) — G. Memirn Williams arrived by plane from New York today and ran into travel trouble. Williams, U.S. assistant secretary of state for African affairs, had planned to take a British Overseas Airways Corp. plane for l"igos, Nigeria, tonight. But all BOAC planes at London Airport are grounded by a maintenance strike now in its fifth day. Airport officials said Williams probably would have lo charter a plane. Williams is making his second familiarization lour of Africa. Rusk Calls Meeting of Ministers By JOH M. HGHTOWER >/i WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Slate Dean Rusk called Jin I ho .ambassadors of Britain, j France and Germany today lo He repoHed'"hiTan.)sule control I"" 1 ' 11 l "'« 011 , 1 « ;llliL ' d <-'<>"versations s\stem was sluggish and he had i° n '."'TO's '»' the Kennedy ad- liouble with it as lie tested it!" 1 "" 81 ''" 1 ' 011 lo1 ' military prepar- Retired Federal Judge Harry J. Lemley Continues to Build His Indian Collection By MARY ANITA LASETER in the weighlless environment of space. Then, when his parachute lowered him into the ocean at the end of hi.s,5,2IIO-milc-an-hour trip, he told Shepard on his radio "you might make a note" of the fact that there was a six-by-six inch hole in Hie chute. Shepard was at the rocket control center. Finally, his Jiti-mile high, 303- mile long flight ended in near- tragedy when the explosive bolts of his escape hatch fired prematurely and Grissom had lo scramble quickly out as sally water rushed into the opening. The wind from Ihe whirling blades of a rescue helicopter drove him beneath the for a moment, but his buoyant space suit popped him back up like a cork. He sei/.ed a "horse collar" rescue device lowered by the 'copter and "was hoisted to safely. Meantime, efforts of another helicopter lo salvage the waler- filled capsule failed and the $5 million space craft with its precious instruments and ils film record of the flight sank beyond hope of recovery in three-mile deep water. Sentiments of the National Space Agency were summed up jby one official who commented: "We've gol only one Gus, but we've gol plenty of space capsules." Anyway, most of the desired information came back on radio lelemelry and the agency said there would be no delay in the U.S. space program as a result of Ihe mishap. President Kennedy watched Grissom's perilous flight on television and telephoned Ihe space man lo express his "great pleasure and salisfaclion." Then he signed a bill pumping $1.7 billions into Ihe all-out American drive to reach the men before a "cosmonaut" plants the" Russian flag there. Grissom himself saw a television film showing of his flight after arrival here. He spent a relaxed evening, looked in briefly on a celebration in his honor, then went lo bed aboul 0 p.m. Weather Arkansas — partly cloudy and warm wilh .scattered Ihundershow- crs north portion and isolated afternoon thunderstorms elsewhere through Sunday. Highest Saturday tiij northwest lu y."i t-uulli. Low lu- • J yht U7 lo 75. Auto Is a Court Defendant BKNON, Ark. (.APi-Aii aiilo mobile is defendant in a court suit filed Thursday in Saline County Circuit Court here. The Great Central Insurance Co.. of I'eoria. 111., filed Ihe action against a in."):! Oldsmobilc in a move to gel possession of the car, which allegedly was bought with stolen money. The insurance company wants Ihe car so it can recover money loin a claim il paid. Paul Henry Jones, also known a.-. Thomas Max Jones, told olli- cer.s he Used $.i!>7 I rom a grocery holdup lo buy Ihe car. Jones L, a I wo.year prison Submarine Leaves for Patrol Duty CHAKLKSTON. S.C. (AIM—The i I'SS Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's fourth nuclear-powered, po- laris-armed submarine, left the .Chat-lesion harbor Wednesday for global patrol duty. The :«!0 foot sub took aboard Hi j thermonuclear warhead Polaris missiles at Ihe arming base, then sailed under secret orders. • The other three Polaris subs now armed for action already are ,at sea. They are Hie George I Washington, Ihe Patrick Henry land the Itobert K. Lee. Together 'with the Theodore Roosevelt, ihcy carry uo nuclear missiles. at ions lo meet expected Soviet, pressures against Wesl Berlin. The United Stalls, il, is under- l ing laic Wednesday, i buildup of conventional NATO military strength in Europe by the addition of several divisions to Hie Western European defense force. This would mean, some officials indicate, an increase lo the long-planned goal of ;!0 divisions from the present strength of 22 divisions. The immediate purpose of the conference with Rusk was to give the ambassadors detailed reports on decisions on U.S. policy made by President Kennedy nj. a National Securily Council meet- surface i'"" liltl> gweclnesday. Saturday Secretary of Defense Robert. S. MeNamara, Gen. Lyman L. Lemnil/er, chairman of (he Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other high defense officials will fly to Europe for conferences wilh Allied leaders in Paris and London. Early next week, probably on Monday, the permanent council of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization at Paris will gel a report, on U.S. plans and proposals from U.S. Ambassador Thomas •Finletter, who is also flying to 'Paris this weekend. He is American representative on Ihe NATO Council. Next Thursday Assistant Ccei'o- tary of Stale Foy D. Kohler will take a task force lo Paris lo met wilh British, French and Wesl German planners and make preparations for a Western foreign ministers confernce in Ihe French capital beginning Aug. !5. Presidenl Kennedy's plans are understood lo call for an increase in over-all U.S. military strength with a prospect lhal, one or more American divisions will be dispatched to Europe later this year. Kennedy is known lo believe however, that total American strength must be raised lo a point where il will be capable of mccling Communist challenges not only in Europe but in other parts of Ihe world. His plans art expected lo be disclosed in some detail in his report to the nation nexl Tuesday and a message lo Congress nexl Wednesday. Many in our area and elsewhere in our country remember Ihe Archelegical Museum of Judge Harry J. Lemley, for il was The largest private iiuisem devoted exclusively to Indian archeology in The United Slates. More recently Judge Lemley, who held court iiv every federal courthouse in Ihe slate before, his retirement, became nationally known for his ruling on a red hot segregation issue. Now, the Judge has combined his interests iiv Indians and Ihe Deep South, and al 'his home in the southern part of our city one can find one. of Ihe best collections of letters atvd other personal data coiMieeted with the War Between Ihe. Slates and the part Indians played in Ihe fight for Ihe South. Oh. yes. Indians played an important part in die conflict, especially iiv Ihe area west of Ihe Mississippi Kivcr. One man, Gen. Stand Walif, became Ihe only Indian General officer in Ihe. Confederate army, lie was : !i Cherokee, wilh a full-blood Cherokee father and a half-breed mother aivd he. was born in Home, Ga. His Indian name, Takertaukcr, meant "lo stand firm, immovable," an excellent..title for a military man. John lioss was another Indian wilh an important role in t'hal war. He was principal chief of the Cherokee Nation, but he dii: his utmost, lo remain neutral Hie conflict, whereas Walie definitely siiled wilh the South ant eventually Ross joined his Chei'o- kecs with Hie Rebel forces. Brig. Gen. Albert Pike, one of Ihe most distinguished men ii Arkansas history, led an liwliar regiment al. the battle of PC; Ridge. When Ihe Indian wife oi John I toss died, she was' Iniriec on Pike's cemetery lot in Liltk Rock. The battle at Pea Ridge, Ark. was the largest Civil War bailie, ground west of the Mississipp River, and the story of if wa.< featured in- Hie Saturday Evening 1'osl for Jan. M, luiii. The slate of Arkansas bought Ihe land foi $500,000 and presented il' to 11) nation. Indians of tribes whiel fought fur I'ne Confererale Stale, participated in tho erection- of ; monument and the dedication o Ihe Pea Ridge National Park. According to Judge Lemley "The contribution of Hie Confed crate, Indians lo the protection o Ihe western flank of Hie Trans Mississippi Department and tin northern boundary of Texas luu not bctn well publicized and hence, bus been rarely appreei ated." Sleeping Hiker Causes Fatality LEBANON. Mo. (APi—A 17- year-old hitchhiker from Muske- giin. Mich., caught a ride on t'.S. liii Wednesday. Weary, hi- lell asleep—so sound!> lhal In- toppled over ngainsl Ihe driver, causing the car In swerve off the road and overturn The yoiilh. Frank Kimbel Mu- pin. w.i.-- killed. The driver. Mamie Cpl. Joel Ii. Owens. -U. Chicago, was on hi.s wa\ back lo his base al Camp i'eiHllelon Calif. He aiilTiTcd lacerations and bruises. Figure Facts on Friday's Space Shot ..CAPE CANAVERAL, F'a. (AP) —Fads and figures on today's second U.S. man-in-space shot (May 5 shol figures in parentheses ): Astronaut—Virgil I. (Gusi Grissom, :i">. Air Force captain and hero of the Korean War. (Navy Cmdr. Alan B. Shepard Jr., Ii7. > j Spacecraft —Mercury capsule ; weighing 4,040 pounds and named ' by astronauts Ihe "Liberty Hell 7." i-i.0-10 pounds, named Free- dim 7.) I Time of launch—7:20 a.m. j iKSTi. (!J:;;-1 a.m., May 5) ] Altitude of flight—11!) miles. 'IK; miles) . .Distance—:•)(« miles. i;)02 miles' Time of flight—Hi minutes. 115 minutes' Top speed of spacecraft— .">,olO miles an hour. if>,l()0 m.p.h.i Period of weightlessness—"j minutes (Approximate'. (Same* 1 Rooster rocket—Army Redstone with 7ii,UUU pounds of thrust. | Same i lierou-ry—By helicopter from nip-raft carrier. t'SS Randolph. I SS Chnmplain) Destination of astronaut—Hospital at Grand Bahama Island for extensive examinations, then returns to (.'ape Canaveral in about •1H hours, i Same, except Shepard ;went t» Washington for a hero'o i welcome.' 1,800 in State to Take Exams LILF HOCK (API - About 1,110(1 prospective Arkansas draftees will be called for Army physicals in August in an attempt lo increase the stale's pool of available men fro'm 500 lo 1,500. This report came on Thursday from Col. Fred M. Croom, Arkansas Selective Service director, who said the normal number to be called for examinations in any one month is -)(!(). Croom said the draft quota is not being raised—only Ihe pool quota of men examined and found acceptable for military service. Croom today announced an August induction quota for Arkansas of 8-1 men. his compares lo ;f July call of lio and a quota of (i!) last August. Fighting K Like Hitting a Phantom By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) — President Kennedy is a speed-reader bill if he could just I'ead minds, too, this anniversary of 'his first si.x; months in office would be a little more comfortable. The greatest dilemma he knew he faced from the beginning— dealing with Premier Khrushchev —has caught up wilh him. Bui now that's here he's in a position of a man wrestling with a phantom. He knew before he took office, Continued on Page Two Foyetteville to Get Back Acreage WASIIINGOX i AIM—A hill to give Fayelteville, Ark.. Ill acres of federal land for park purposes has cleared the Senate and now is in the House. lie Senate Thursday stamped approval on Ihe bill by Sen. J. W. Fnlbrighl, H-Ark.. lo give Ihe city parl of :::! acres donated by the city In Ihe go\ eminent in l!i;;i! for a veterans hospital, he in I acres has been declared surplus j to hospital needs. ! Fulbright's lull specifics that .the park's recreational uses will not interfere wilh the care of pa tienls al the hospital. 4 in Arkansas Family Killed PEVELY. Mo. (AP) — Four members of a vacationing Lillle Rock. Ark., family were killed and three others critically injured Thursday night in Ihe headon collision of two autos just north of Pcvcly on Highway 01. Two men in the second car were seriously hurt. Killed in the mishap were Nolen Lemmons, Ml. Little Hock and his children, one-year-old Peggy Ann, Gregory. 2 and Harvey ii. Lem- monc wife Doris, ;',(}. and the couple's other two children, Hila, •I. and Howard. 10. were taken to a hospital in Kirkwood in critical condition. Trooper.^ said a car driven by Jackie I lean .\eth, :i:!. of Kayville. Mo . a Coast Guardsman stationed in SI. l.oui.s. collided with Lem- nioiis' auto. Nelh and a passenger John Collier, L!f>, of Lemny were taken lo a hospital in Fes- tils. Authorities said the Lemmons lamily apparently was ennuite to Lillle liock alter \isiling Mrs. l.emir.on.,' p;v.vnto .it Danville, 111. Decision on Defense of Berlin Soon By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — Presi- lenl Kennedy today was reported icaring a decision on military ind diplomatic measures Ihe Milled Stales may lake to meet he Soviet challenge over Wesl Berlin. The Presidenl scheduled a Na- ional Securily Council meeting or late afternoon. The meeting was expected to deal largely if lot entirely wilh the Berlin crisis ind is (he third such While House ,'alhering of lop policy makers in i period of aboul three weeks. .Prior lo this conference wilh His lop diplomatic and military ulvisers Kennedy was due In make at. a news conference a new •ilnlemcnl of U.S. delerminalion o protect. West Berlin against Communist, pressures. The Kennedy statement was: limed lo follow by about 2-1 hours warnings of war danger given lo Ihe Soviet government by Ihe United Slates, Britain and France. The three powers lold the Kremlin thai Ihe Berlin crisis is solely of (he Soviet Union's making and they declared they found necessary "lo warn the Soviet government in all seriousness of Ihe grave dangers" of ils course. .If the Soviets undertake, as Premier Khrushchev has warned they will do, lo destroy Western rights in Berlin and Western access lo Ihe cily they will endanger "international peace and so curily and Ihe lives and well-being of millions of people," the U.S. note lo Moscow said. U.S., Brilish and French messages on the Be.r- lin situation were delivered in tho Soviet capital Monday and made public Tuesday. The Western powers already arc planning lo follow hi Ibis reassertion of their Berlin right.* with a new round of notes some weeks hence proposing negotiations lo find a way out of the crisis short of a military showdown. Secretary of Slate Rusk, who had a breakfast appointment wilh Kennedy today, is scheduled lo go to Paris next month foi meetings wilh Ihe British and French foreign ministers on future Berlin moves. He also will confer wilh West German officials. The Western foreign ministers' talks, beginning Aug. 5, will be concerned both wilh what the Allies call "conlingeney planning" and with diplomatic measures looking toward negotiations, officials said. By "contingency planning" the Western governments mean the plans they are now formulating lo deal with any direct, challenge lo their Berlin righls which may be posed by Ihe Soviet Union and Communist East Germany. In llu interest of allied unity when the showdown comes they are trying to decide in advance, for example, how they will react if the Communists turn over control of the Berlin supply lines lo officials of East Germany or if tho Easl Germans demand some kind of recognition from the Western powers under threat of culling the supply lines. Khrushchev has threatened to sign a separate peace treaty will" Easl Germany by Ihe end of I year and claims that this acl would establish East Gennai sovereignly over Berlin and Iho access routes. The Western powers do not recogni/e the East German regime and insist thai their Berlin righls cannot bo abrogated or modified by any action of the Soviets or East Germans in Ihe absence of Wesl agreement. Fear Russia to Move Families to E. Germany By CARL HARTMAN BERLIN fAIM — Apprehension mounted in Wosl, Germany today Ilial the. steady flow of refugees into Wesl Merlin might 'prompt I In- East German Communist ro- ;ime to make tip its population oss by importing immigrants rom the Soviet bloc. Ernst Lcmmor, minister for ill-Herman affairs, lold newsmen n Bonn this possibility is cans- ng "serious uneasiness" because I could threaten the Germanic character of East Germany's lopulalion. A mass immigration from the -'asl could blast West German liopes for eventual reunification if the two Germany's through free elections. Lemmer said lhal for this reason Wesl Germany will continue o urKe the remaining 17 million East Germans not to flee, but lie predicted Hie present rale of 1,000 refugees a day will continue. He denied Mast German charges that West Germany lures refugees for propaganda purposes even though nearly H.!> million refugees slipped across the bor- (lei- in past years. Refugees continued to pour into West Berlin. There were reports Coinmuiiistn pulled thousands off trains heading into the city, but. other sources said the difficulties were no greater than usual. Many of (tic refugees said the exodus has increased because ot general fear I he Berlin crisis might close the escape route. A total of »,(ioa refugees fled from Ensl Germany last week, the West German Refugee Ministry said. Lake Project Is Rejected LITLE HOCK (AIM — Arms Engineers have rejected a Game j and Fish Commis.sion proposal to lower the level of Lake Norfurk 5^ I feel for a fish improvement pro- igram. I The commission wanted to low- j er the water level In plant vegela- lion for fond, restock with 1.!.")().- UOO game fish and concentrate rough fish fur commercial liar I Bu! llu- Engineers Thursday re- jjcclcd the plan. sa\ing the draw- down would waste enough water to product- $1 million in electrical power and would "place a cloud over the availahilily of electrical power from .Norfork in I he Hi lure." AI.MI. the Engineers said, the dunulowu would adversely atlci-l recreation. Woman Killed at r t Texarkana '1 TEXAKKANA, Ark. (AP) Mrs. Wiley M. Pafford, wife of n prominent Texarkana businessman, was killed Thursday when her car and a Cotton Belt freight train collided at a crossing here. The engineers said he thought tho car was going to stop. Charges State Crippled by Politicians LITTLE HOCK (Al')-Ouncliila County l!ep. David II. Pryor NtiicJ Thursday night that Arkansas slate government, is crippled by selfish polilieans and only a new slate constitution can right the situation. Pryor, ati, from Camden, said political chicanery begins with political intermarriages in the slate's courlhouses. hose arc sanctioned, lie said, by a silent, apathetic and inactive public. lie reeled off a list of recent courthouse crimes, then laid heavy blame on prosecuting attorneys. "The majority of the legislature," lie added, "especially those who have been there longest, don't want a chance of any kind because! il is lo their advantage lo have conditions in a stale of confusion." His speech lo the Little Rock Junior Chamber of Commerce was one of a series of reform campaign slops he has made since Ihe end of the 10(H legislature. Joining him Ihe campaign is Independence County Rep. Virgil . Butler. He said not even grand juries can be depended upon. He told of one county where citidens asked the circuit judge to summon a grand jury to investigate the county judge's office. The chairman of the grand jury turned out to be the county judge's campaign manager, Pryor said. Pryor said the number of comities should be regruved lo about ^.">, jury selection taken oill of Ihe hands of (he courthouse politician.-,, the quorum court system revised and the governor's term limited. LITTLE You wonder how they can call ili., o i,-.on'., v\\.-JJ v.hen everything is amiss.

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