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FREEPORT JOURNAL- STANDARD Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays By The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1968 Tfie Nation's Birthday It is a little difficult to realize that our republic is only a little over two centuries old, in the course of which time a vast undeveloped territory has been explored and exploited. Forests have been felled, the soil tilled and much of it wasted by washing it into rivers to the sea. In the haste to subdue the wilderness, many mistakes have been made, the repair of which requires expenditure of enormous money and effort. The human problems which seemed comparatively simple before 1776 are now immensely complicated. Still the issuance of the Declaration of Independence is annually observed with ceremonies of a sort, but chiefly with long week-ends off, cessation of production and congesting the highways. This is a part of the life, liberty^ and happiness to which we are committed by the basic document of our freedoms, but which are not yet available to the incredibly expanded population, and which may never be realized by enough human beings unless the wild expansion is checked. As Lincoln declared in his immortal address on the field of Gettysburg, we were engaged a single century ago in testing whether a nation so conceived as ours could en- dure. That testing not only continues, but is greatly accelerated and diversified. The concept of democracy in which the majority should be effective has been replaced by a system in which many minorities challenge the majority, sometimes rightly, sometimes wrongly. The majority remains unorganized, but its vote elects presidents, not always satisfactorily. Under such circumstances, it is not surprising that the confused and hard-pressed average man or woman or family seeks escape over the holiday marking the nation's birth and attempts to find open, non-urban space, where it still remains. To on who has stood in the past week inside the redwood forests of California and beheld trees that have been growing for thousands of years, the permanence of a few selected phenomena is made apparent. But the permanence of inanimate things is not enough to achieve the promise uttered two centuries ago, because men's minds and ways change constantly while the redwoods grow unaltered save by occasional fire or lightning, and not much by these. Incidentally, invading - man is threatening the redwoods, which are being preserved, where they remain, only by national park supervision. Behind De Gaulle's Success The remarkable size of the vote by which President de Gaulle was confirmed in office and his policies impliedly vindicated needs to be well understood in the United States, as well as everywhere else in today's restless world. It was the desire of the French middle class for order and a government willing to enforce discipline that resulted in a parliamentary majority of an extent unprecedented in many years of French politics. The triumph of De Gaulle and Pompidou is, however, not the end of the story. They represented to a very large proportion of French voters the ability and the will to maintain stability in a country recently afflicted by widespread disorders that were identified with anarchy. It is true, De Gaulle also received many votes from those who calculated that he is ready and able to recognize their demands and rights for better pay and other advantages. To what extent these benefits will be nullified by inflation is an imponderable of France's future. As for the demands of the students, they are so various and diverse that it is impossible to say how far they can be satisfied. Thus far, the student revolt is still alive and breaks out anew from time to time. In other words, the lesson for us of the French vote is a general revolt of the majority of the electorate against what is sometimes called permissiveness. Though the inequities of the minorities are not ignored, there is a general consensus in our own country, as there was in France, that they cannot be allowed to expand into reckless and uncontrollable contempt for order. The revolt of the French middle class against the virtual anarchy of those few terrible days in France has a parallel in the reaction of countless Americans to street rioting and campus rebellion in our own cities and colleges. That reaction could elevate to power candidates who seem in the popular mind to be capable of putting an end to violence (always providing it does not include gun control.) That is the reason why individuals are seeking presidential candidates in this very critical year, on the basis of their willingness and ability to combat permissiveness. It could conceivably roll up a considerable vote for George Wallace. However, this editorial page does not regard the Wallace candidacy as likely to succeed. Rather, the present strong sentiment may take the form of throwing influence to Nixon, who has shown himself capable over the years of playing many different roles in politics without getting lost in its pitfalls. What Other Editors Say 'Brainless Novices' Bring Us Speed Season Vilas County, Wis. News-Review We're now in the speed season—the teen-age speed season to be more exact. Tires squeal, the car lurches forward, it sways on speedy turns at intersections and the kids laugh, the girls giggle and us older folks sadly shake our heads as they speed away. The editor of the newspaper at Boscobel, Wis. wrote a prize winning editorial directed as a letter to a girl he saw riding in the front seat with one of these teen-age speed maniacs. In part this is how the Boscobel newspaperman viewed the young speeder: "The truth is, your boy friend, like many others who are still unstable and emotionally immature, doesn't even know the basic requirements for being a good driver. He is a show off, who must attract attention to himself by driving in a dangerous and erratic manner. He hasn't the capacity yet to realize that he is torturing his automobile, subjecting the motor and tires to damage, and exposing you and him to serious injury or death. "He is able to steer a car, press down the accelerator, and take the corners with a flourish. Beyond this he is a brainless novice, who doesn't understand the first principles of engineering or the rules of safe driving. He wouldn't last a minute in an auto race with professionals. If he started now and devoted the rest of the next five years to training, he wouldn't get beyond the preliminaries in a top flight stock car race. "In 20 years of covering accidents in the newspaper business, we've been called JAMES RESTON McCarthy; The Calm Crusader (0 1968, NY Times News Service NEW YORK — The popularity of Sen. Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota must be the most interesting political phenomenon in American politics since the rise of Wendell Willkie to the presidential nomination in 1940. He has been underestimated from the start by the press, the pollsters, the President, the Republicans, and even by himself. Hardly a day goes by without somebody explaining in great detail precisely why he will never be nominated, yet he came to New York recently and raised over $900,000 at a single rally and his standing keeps going up in the polls. The main explanation of this seems to be that he is riding an antiwar tide that is much stronger than the professional politicians have estimated. May Be Good For Gene The combination of the war in Vietnam and the troubles in the cities at home have u n - doubtedly uncovered some of the ancient American isolationism that still lies not too far below the surface. This may not be good for the country, but is good for Gene. Every published casualty list — and they are not as prominently publicized as in past American wars — seems to keep him going. The week of June 24 was the lowest in two months, 299 killed, but it brought the total for the first six months of the year to 9,370, just below the 9,419 Americans killed in the entire year of 1967. McCarthy is cool on most issues, but while Humphrey, Nixon, and Rockefeller have all been ambiguous about the war, McCarthy has been relatively clear. He has got over the impression that, if he were president, he would end it by withdrawing from Southeast Asia if necessary, and there seems to be enough support for his position to keep him in the race. "I've Done II! Tve Wrapped up Our Whole Delegation for Humphrey! And Now—If I Could Only Convince My Own Wife and Kids" There are other reasons for his continuing challenge. He is so diferent in appearance and manner from the stock political types that even his own pros find him irritating, but after five years of President Johnson, a lot of people are obviously bored with the professional political types and therefore grateful for a quiet man. This contrast is obviously helping him, particularly with women, who are even more tired of violence and political trickery and blow-hards than the rest of us. Watching McCarthy on the platform and especially listening to him talk quietly in a room, it is easy to understand why he almost studied for the priesthood. He meditates as he talks and even seems to think before he speaks, an astonishing trait in a politician, and it may be that this air of detachment, while irksome to passionate men who want him to howl the rascals down, is a relief to sensitive people who are affronted by the tumult of the age. Doesn't React To Emotion The leaders of the organized blocs of voters — the Negroes and labor union members, for example — find this manner highly unsatisfactory. McCarthy does not react to their intense emotion. Like his friend, Adlai Stevenson, in the 1952 Presidential election, he refuses to adopt their prejudices in return for their votes. Even the shouts of his supporters seem to embarrass him, and he not only calls them off but almost seems to be saying that if he had known he was going to create all this noise and stir, he would have stayed home. Yet his campaign goes on, more like a seminar in political science than a battle for the presidency. He is showered with speeches, which sometimes he reads, and with advice, which occasionally he takes. Pockets Of Poems His aides brawl with one another over whether he should talk to the country or pander to the delegates, but he just goes his own way from city to city, stuffing his pocket with poems, most of them bad, written by his followers and brought to him as tokens of affection. Even his own mistakes don't seem to bother him. He had the silly idea the other day that he should go over to Paris and talk to the North Vietnamese delegates about peace. Most of his aides told him that this would be an interference in the President's negotiations and wouldn't do any good. He thought about that and conceded publicly that maybe he would be "meddling" but added that he would probably do it anyway. McCarthy Changes All this suggests that Eugene McCarthy as President would at least be something different, and this may very well be what's holding him up. All the other candidates seem all too familiar, if not a little shopworn, but McCarthy is a change, and change from war and physical and verbal violence has its appeal. Not to everybody, of course, and apparently not to the convention delegates, but to enough^ people with votes — and re-' cently to enough people with money — to keep the phenomenon in the headlines. JAt. Brotherhood Project Criticized Editor Journal-Standard: Regarding* your article headed "Investment In Brotherhood" in the June 28 issue of your paper, I sincerely hope all of your readers read this article and have given it serious thought. A few of the things that concern me and all of you are these. If a violator of the law is given night or day sentences, depending on his or her working hours, who pays his fine and costs?—dear taxpayer, you and I! And as a taxpayer, it will be a great "injustice" for me to have to pay any higher taxes. We live on a small limited income, and surely those of you who are the average citizen must feel some emotion over this problem, affronting us now. The article states there is no state statute or city ordinance providing this. Then who gives the authority for it and who accepts the responsibility? Could it be political? Are we setting a precedent? If every traffic violator (see the daily arrests in The Journal- Standard and you will see there are many, many of these, let alone the more serious offenses) claimed it was hardship to pay C. L SULZBERGER China: The Dusf Has Settled © 1968, NY Times News Service LONDON — It is almost two decades since the United States formulated a China policy adjusting to that country's com- munizatidn. The new policy, drafted by the State Department's planners, passed by the National Security Council and approved by President Truman in early 1949, was based on the following logic: In neither Communist Yugoslavia nor in the Communist China then being born could Washington look forward to ideological friendship. Nevertheless, the most effective resistance to Soviet Communism is not agnosticism but heresy. What the United States could hope for was that the heretics would be as unfriendly to Russia as to the United States. By the time the policy was endorsed, this same approach was already meeting some degree of f success in Yugoslavia. Washington's aim was to see a large scale parallel in China. Aims Of Policy The China policy had six hopes: (1) — To achieve friendship with the Chinese people, not merely a faction; (2) — To avoid military intervention; (3) — To create a position from which constructive relations could resume; (4) — Reduction of pressures pushing China towards Russia; (5) — Encouragement of Chinese nationalism; (6) — Shifting to Russia the former American position of supporting intervention inside China. This approach was worked out under the guidance of John Paton Davies Jr., a brilliant diplomat and Far Eastern expert who was later thrown to Mc- Carthyist wolves by Secretary Dulles. Davies' old associate in Asian affairs, Dean Rusk, dodged the chance to rehabilitate him when Rusk became Secretary of State. At first the U.S. Army opposed the policy but accepted it because it had nothing to offer instead. Even military diehards could see by early 1949 that the Chinese situation was fluid and a basic revolution was occurring as China moved from the medieval to the modern world without industrial revolution. Looking Toward China The "Engagement" with Russia over China had not yet really started. Therefore the United States resolved to play developments as they occurred while seeking: (1) — A truly independent China; (2) — A friendly China; (3) — A China that was not an instrument of Soviet policy. At that time Chiang Kai-shek's defeated forces were still in southern China and the Russians or their agents were taking control of much of the north. Moscow hoped to create puppet separatist areas eliminating the "China salient" that separated the Siberian heartland from Vladivostok. The State Department knew Mao Tse-tung considered himself a Marxist but doubted that ideology would tie him to the Kremlin. Russia already suspected Mao could become a massive Tito. It also feared Maoism might move south and gain control of Southeast Asian communism, forming a huge federation. Moscow had opposed more modest efforts to establish a similar federation in southeast Europe. Using The Soviets Washington calculated that Russia's new ideological ally had no important production centers and was an area of poli- tical famine; that Moscow was gaining a center of possible Tito- ism too large to handle. Chinese communism had always been steeped in a vivid nationalism abhorrent to internationalist Soviet doctrines. For these reasons the United States decided to "let the dust settle" before committing itself to new ventures, to disengage itself from a policy of supporting Chiang that had proven bankrupt. It gambled that external forces jcould only influence but never control China; that the more Russia got involved the more its position would suffer. This was cool, far-sighted policy but it went wrong after Chiang withdrew his "remaining forces to Formosa. Even then the State Department foresaw that Mao would never make any kind of terms until he had wiped out Chiang's redoubt — for fear of resurgent opposition. Washington has not achieved the dream of a friendly China but it has doubtless seen establishment of a truly independent China that is no instrument of Soviet policy. The "heretics" in Peking, as the dust settles, are certainly as hostile to Russia as to America. out many times in the night to see the end result of this type of driving. We've seen broken, battered bodies, loaded on stretchers, some of them soaked in crankcase oil from their own smashed up automobiles. We've seen pretty girls like you, so disfigured that even the ambulance attendants turned their faces away when they loaded them for transport to a hospital or morgue. "These are harsh words, but it's a harsh life, with 50,000 deaths a year and millions injured. The statistics show that the biggest percentage of accidents involve the age group of your boy friend, unmarried young men in the 17 to 25 bracket. "Here is a bit of good advice: "Tell your boy friend that if he wants to practice fast cornering or quick starts, to join an organized drag-racing club or try to get entered in a stock car race. He'll learn mighty fast that he doesn't know much yet about driving—that it takes skill and courage to be a good driver, plus brains. Any crazy fool can put a car on a public highway and press down on the foot feed, but there are only a small percentage of men in all of these United States who can be classified as skilled, professional drivers. "You tell him this and maybe he'll listen. If you don't tell him, and he keeps driving that way, you'd better get your folks to increase their insurance on you, and perhaps provide for a plot in the cemetery. Because the odds are great that this is where you will end up." DREW PEARSON Fourth Of July: The Danger Of Hysteria <O 1868, By Bell-M.cClure Syndicate WASHINGTON—On the Fourth of July, 1951, the New Orleans Item and the Madison Capital Times sent reporters through crowds celebrating the founding of the republic, asking them to sign unidentified copies of the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights. In Wisconsin 111 out of 112 refused to sign* In Louisiana 24 out of 36 refused. Most of those who read the documents declared them Communist or radical or even suggested the FBI should investigate their authors. Some said they had relatives in the government and didn't want to be mixed up with anything subversive. Era Of Fear This was at the height of the Joe McCarthy era during which the late senator from Wisconsin had bullyragged witnesses until a lot of people believed McCarthy's charge that the State Department was riddled with Communists. Today, despite the wholesome change in most parts of the country, a few McCarthy clouds of fear are blowing up on the horizon. In California, Max Rafferty, the rabid right-wing school superintendent, pounded on Joe McCarthy's fear psychosis so long and so effectively that he defeated a liberal Republican, Sen. Tom Kuchel, for the Senate. His chief campaign issue: "The Communists are mass murderers. We continue to see our friends murdered and our women ravaged by sneering packs of punks." Wallace Harangues And in Alabama, ex-Gov. George Wallace has b'een banging the desk over godless communism with such Hitleresque harangues that some people are beginning tq look under their beds again." When an effective haranguer gets wide television exposure there is always danger. Crowds can be like sheep. They were like sheep in Germany in the 1930s when Hitler came to power and like sheep in Italy in the 1920s when Mussolini came to power. They were like sheep when newspapermen circulated copies of the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights to Fourth of July crowds in 1951. They could be like sheep again today. this violation, where does it end? The moneys collected from these must be "earmarked" to help support our city police and sheriff department. If we grant this "hardship, daily jail sentences" then who will help defray the operating costs of our city and county officers? You and I, the taxpayer, must be burdened again. By letting the hardship cases set it out, do you honestly think it will improve their attitude towards our laws? In some cases, perhaps. Why can't these people learn to live within our laws and gain honor and respect in the community? I can also see it will demand more clerical work in the courts, more clerical work at the jail, plus more deputies, increase cooking and housing facilities! I will repeat, where does it end? I suggest we all think these things over, and then let .the mayor, judges, city or county police departments know your feelings. I say, "live with the law," and there will be no hardship cases. I want equal justice too, by not being held, even though indirectly, for someone else's misdoings. Name withheld by request Gun Control Laws Praised Editor Journal-Standard: I've just read three letters printed on your editorial page concerning firearms and laws. One states that people, not guns, kill. Another says "anyone who hates enough to kill will kill whether it be by gun, knife or other means." Another says the sport is not out of his financial reach and is an engrossing subject and asks if he is to be made to suffer, not for what he has done, but for what he might do. All three of these people talk about the person who is pulling the trigger. Not one of them mention a thing about the victim or his better chances of recovery or even escaping the murderer. What about the child who accidentally played with a gun that someone forgot to unload, or what about the person who didn't know he had a deadly enemy? How about the person who, all of a sudden, had one too many troubles. Suppose you were the victim? Would you rather be shot, knifed or hit by a rock? There are many kinds of sports that aren't costly and there are other ways to hunt wild game. Of course, it may take a little more energy, but I'll grant you that if you were ever a victim, or a member of a family of a victim, you'd certainly wish you'd never seen a gun! Congratulations to the gun control laws. MRS. RAYMOND KNAPP Mount Carroll Rev. Sherred Corrects Misquote Editor Journal-Standard: I was called Monday by the paper and asked if I were not misquoted in a Saturday article which I had not read, concerning a report on sewers to Freedom of Residence at a meeting which I had hot attended! I had earlier been asked by a member of FOR concerning the outcome of a meeting with the mayor, the city engineer, and Mr. Davis of the Office of Housing and Urban Development. I had simply stated that federal funds had been obtained for construction of main sewer lines around the city, but that the distribution laterals connecting the individual homes with the main collector line had to be paid for by assessment. The entire collector system on both the east side and the west side of Freeport receives federal assistance, but the distribution laterals on the east side and in the other areas of the city as well must be paid by the homes served. The Saturday statement was not so much in error, as a condensation down to the point of allowing misinterpretation. A modern sanitary system has been needed in our city for a long time and is desperately needed. There appears to be no geographic discrimination in the development of the sewer system now under construction. REV. LYALL SHERRED 819 W. Lincoln Blvd. On Gun Confrof, Socialism Editor Journal-Standard: Robert Powell, whose letter appeared in The Journal-Standard of June 21, is completely right in pointing out that no gun-control law will prevent crime and that the proposed restriction would encroach upon the rights of citizens. He is also correct in pointing out that the proposed law is a step toward despotism, taken under guise of law and order. It was the proudest boast of Rome in the reign of Nero that weapons were not allowed. . Mr. Powell errs, however, in assuming despotism to be socialism. Russian and Chinese bureaucrats use the respected name of socialism to conceal their form of slavery, just as feudal kings falsely used the respected name of Christianity to conceal their form of slavery, and as American capitalists falsely use the respected name of Americanism to conceal their form of slavery . . . GEORGE A. LAFOREST Rockford Mr. LaForest is a member of the Socialist Labor Party. Conservation Urged Editor Journal-Standard: My family and I went to Apple River State Park Sunday, June 30. My father, brother, and I went on the Cemetery Trail. We had to climb a fence to see the cemetery. The markers were all broken but two. I think that the park should preserve things like that and I would like you to put something in the paper so something can be done. LUANNE BLUST Stockton Thank You, Freeporf "Yeah! It'. Easy to Tell U« Good Cu)*, George! We Alliu Wear While UaU" Editor Journal-Standard: We, Rosa ana Johan, the American Field Service students, 1967-68, at Freeport Senior High School, would like to express our sincere thank you to all Freeport through this letter. After a wonderful year here it is now time to leave for our home countries. We are taking with us home an enlightened viewpoint of the United States and better understanding of the American people. We see it as a challenge to inform the people of our countries about the real United States and its people. A special thank you to the Freeport Senior High School administration and the A.P.S. Board for their friendly cooperation throughout the past year and of course a very special thank you to the wonderful student body at Freeport High School. ROSA MORA JOHAN THUREN Letters to tne Editor cuit b* •lined when submitted and ad- dreuei given. Namei may b« withheld on requeit. The aewi- oaper reiervei the right IB ihorlen letleri If neceiiary. The purpoie or the column U to let riaderi eipren their opinion*. Public Ihank-yow aote* will not be accepted.