The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa on July 28, 1969 · Page 9
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July 28, 1969

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The Des Moines Register from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 9

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Monday, July 28, 1969
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WIRBPHOTO (AP) Jim Bergo, president of a Minot, N.D., flying club, sits right out in the open as he pilots this replica of a 1916 model Curtis pusher type Just a-Breezin' Along airplane on a recent flight. Club members spent 18 months and $2,500 building it. It can carry a pilot and passenger 200 miles at 70 m.p.h. Men.,.July 28, 1969 DKS MOINES REGISTER Lobby Cites Impact on Prices OIL- Continued from Page One he tax-writing committee last eek decided to reduce deple- lon allowances for oil and gas companies and the 100 other minerals which get smaller I ted percentage deductions rom their pre-tax Income. The action marked the first time since the present form of depletion became law In ItM that My congressional •rap bad voted to reduce the percentages. Surprisingly, no member of die committee sought to hold the oil depletion percentage at its per cent position. The industry was ready to accept a rollback to 23 per cent. To compensate, the companies thought the committee ought to change the limit on the amount of deletion that can be claimed From 50 per cent of the income of a property to 70 per cent. Liberal members of the committee insisted, however, that the percentage had to be lowered to 20 and that no change of opinion on what should be done but we are all sure something should be done. We all have common interests." The Industry is divided roughly among the small companies, independents and large integrated, international companies. Each, segment has its trade association and special interests to protect. With the attack on depletion broader than expected since It has stack the hard minerals as well as gas and oil, the petroleum representatives are counting on help from all affected lobhles. The committee, however, did not change the 15 per cent depletions allowed for four major metals — gold, silver, copper, iron — or for the still undeveloped oil shale deposits. The natural gas industry is tions and it appears unlikely the committee will upset his position. However, there are reports the Senate leadership might bypass the finance group and take a House-passed reform bill directly to the floor. This maneuver is one strategy suggested for speeding a vote on extending the 10 per j cent income surtax urged by President Nixon. On the Senate floor there is a good chance that a motion to reduce oil depletion to 20 per cent or lower would be approved. The present oil depletion allowance works this way: An oil company is allowed to deduct 27 V4 per cent of its gross income from Its net income before computing federal income taxes. But, the allowance can't .* » » • . 1 | . H»i»\..u. *~fUl . IUV. CIIIV/TTCIIIV.^ ^.<II | b affected by the proposed lax exceed morc tnan 50 ccnt changes in a diferen way than | of thc net oil. Since gas prices to the con sumer are regulated by public agencies, the tax advantages received by the industry are supposed to be taken into account when prices are set. be made in the limit on total j "We can make the argument ' '"' ' ' Blames Fallout for Baby Deaths WASHINGTON, D.C. (AP) - A University of Pittsburgh radiation physicist suggests that radioactive fallout from nuclear tests may have caused the death of more than 400,000 babies in the United States since 1950. Government scientists 'Vigorously challenge his theory. One Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) scientist described the stated theory 6f~pr. Ernest J. Sternglass as "potentially dangerous and unnecessarily frightening to the public." Cites Research Sternglass says he has acquired "totally unexpected" statistical evidence that he says suggests a serious potential genetic hazard from fallout has hitherto been unrecognized. The evidence, he says, is backed by ^inimal research in Sweden. {Sternglass, who has been challenged in the past on other Concepts regarding fallout, suggests in his latest one that the alleged genetic hazard from fallout persists even though atmospheric tests by most nuclear powers have ceased since 1963. He further suggests there's a potential genetic hazard from underground nuclear blasts designed for peaceful , purposes, such as carving out canals. He expressed such views in a recent article in "The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists," in remarks attributed to him in an article in the London Observer newspaper, in a seminar arranged by some congressmen ' on Capitol Hill last week, and in an appearance on NBC's "Today" show last Thursday. His theory is that: 1. Genetic damage has been caused in many parents by fallout radiation, and that this has been responsible for a levelling off, since around 1950, in the previously sharply declining infant mortality rate in the United States. t. One per cent more baby deaths — both in the infant and fetal stage — than otherwise would have been expected have occurred in the United States alone as a result of fallout from "200 megatons of testing" of nuclear weapons by the United States and other nations since the initial American test in New Mexico in 1945. A megaton is the equivalent of one million tons of TNT explosive. 3. Evidence, in recent years, of increased numbers of prematurely born babies in the United States is linked with fallout. On this latter point, Stern- glass theroizeg that what he terms a radiationiinduced "small baby syndrome" makes such children more prone to death from infections and other natural causes. Challenge Theory The government scientists who challenged his theory in separate interviews were: Dr. William Bibb of the Atomic Energy Commission's division of Biology and medicine; Dr. Arthur Wolfe of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare's Consumer Protection and Environmental Health Agency; and Dr. Frank Falkner of % Public Health Service's National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Representative Chet Holifieid (Dem., Calif.), chairman of the joint Senate-House Atomic Committee, said in another interview that rip<! have Sternglass 1 theo- slnrn- ly criticized by a number of knowledgeable people who say his conclusions are based on mistaken use of data." "I do not support his theory — and I believe the weight of scientific theory will be against him," Holifieid said. Dr. Bibb of the AEC said: j Mars' surface with television "The AEC for many years MARS PHOTOS BEGIN TONIGHT PASADENA, CALIF. (AP) Is Mars geologically active? Can it support life? Scientists hope to answer such question with information transmitted to earth beginning tonight from, two space vehicles flying within 2,000 miles of the red planet's surface. Mariners 6 and 7, launched from Cape Kennedy last February and March by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) will inspect has supported tensive studies long-term, of fallout, in- including measurements of actual fallout rates, and of low-level radiation effects. The results of these studies, and those of others not connected with the AEC, simply do not support Dr. Sternglass' thesis. Dr. Stern- glass has based his theory on what we consider to be incomplete and inaccurate data. • » "We are convinced that suph statements as Dr. Sternglass' are potentially dangerous and unnecessarily frightening to the public and should not be allowed to stand unchallenged." Not Convinced Dr. Falkner of the Public Health Service said, "I personally am not convinced" that there's any cause-and-effeet link between fallout and the admitted slowing of the previous sharp decline in infant mortality rates. And he said he believes his views "are shared by other people in the infant mortality field:" Falkner said there is evidence suggesting that in recent years, the birthrate of premature babies has increased in the United States and conceivably in other countries. Falkner said "increased effects of poverty" appears to be a more likely explanation for the phenomena than Dr. Stern- glass' fallout-radiation theory. Dr. Wolfe of the Consumer Protection and Environmental Health Agency, said: "While Dr. Sternglass may have statistical correlations between fallout rates, scientific evidence does not support his conclusions. "There is no scientific evidence that genetic effects will occur at these low doses of fallout radiation.. . "The Swedish studies with mice to which he refers in support of his theory involved radiation doses several orders of magnitude higher than those possible from fallout." Wolfe added that even if genetic effects are occurring from such low doses — "and I doubt that they are" — their frequency would be so low as to make it extremely difficult to detect them in terms of increased infant mortality. Wolfe also said that "the stoppage in the rate of decline" of infant mortality "appears to have started in the late 1940s and the very early 1950s, before there was any measureable fallout problem." "This in itself," he added, "casts some doubt on Dr. Stern- glass' hypothesis." UNIDENTIFIED DEAD RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL (AP) — The homicide department here says about 200 unidentified persons have been found dead in the state of Rio during the past two years, most of them at • the scene of a crimp cameras capable of sending back pictures defining features as small as a large city block. Mariner 6 begins transmitting tonight from 771,500 miles but. Wednesday it will pass within 2,000 miles to complete its 74- picture packet. Mariner 7's camera will be triggered on a 1.14-million-mile approach Friday to begin a 114- picture study and will make its 2,000-mile fly-by Aug. 4. Scientists say they hope to determine if Mars has volcanic and quake activities—an indication of a geologically live planet—or if it is a cold sphere, absorbing its heat from the sun. Signs of water or carbon compounds would give the scientists an indication that life could exist there. The cameras will sweep the planet's equator, southern hemisphere and south polar region where scientists say a spring season is beginning. The Mariner program is conducted for NASA by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory here. Dr. Robert B.' Leighton, California Institute of Technology physicist-astronomer and chief investigator for the fly-by experiment, said the cameras are sharp enough to show canals, pyramids, ruins, or geometric patterns, but added he doesn't expect to find any. Mariner 4 pictures in 1965 taken from 6,100 miles away showed a barren planet—crater-pocked and bleak, similar to the moon. "If there is life on Mars," said Dr. Norman H. Horowitz, another member of the photo team,' "it will almost certainly be carbon-based, just as it is on earth. If life is based on carbon and Mars' atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide, it would be impossible for life not to interact with that atmosphere." Sees Crisis for Supersonic Jet PARIS, FRANCE (REUTERS) — A leading French busines magazine said Sunday the Anglo-French Concorde supersonic airliner project is heading for financial disaster in its present form. The article, in the weekly magazine Enterprise, said the British and French governments are faced with an immediate choice—abandon the project and cut their losses or gamble all by speeding production in the hope of improving marketing prospects. The article's author, Gabriel Aranda, said studies showed that the Concorde "is going to emerge, with certain weaknesses, on a market where competition is ferocious." Aranda said the Americans have judged, the construction of a supersonic airliner as useless for the time being and have concentrated on a giant aircraft which would lead to lower Report Steady Rise in U.S. Education Level BIRTHS- Continued from Page One crease in the marriage fate "has come a drop in the birth rate" so that, as of 1968, the U.S. birth rate was the lowest in the nation's history. "Even with the falling birth rate of the last few years," the report said, "the U.S. population has been growing by about one per cent annually. At this rate, the population would double to about 400 million by the year 2032, and the pressures on our environment would correspondingly increase." "This total has been surpassed only once before — in 1946, the^year after World War II ended. The current dramatic spurt in marriages—there were 200,000 fewer in 1967—helped bring the number of U.S; families to a record high of 50 million, almost five million more than were recorded in the I960 census . . ." Optimism and Pessimism Thus, during the 1960s, the number of families has grown at a faster rate than the total U.S. population, the bureau said, adding: "These facts give the lie to those gloomy souls who predict the imminent collapse of family life in the United States." But the report conceded there is "grist for the pessimists" in these other findings: Provisional data for 1968 indicate that for the first time since 1946, divorces exceeded 500,000 — thereby marking a continuance of a significant rise that began in 1960. There baa been a "recent sharp increase in the number of children annually affected by divorce decrees" — the figure for 1967 soaring to more than 700,000, twice as many as in 1955. "These divorce statistics can hardly be taken as good news," the Bureau said, "but they do not indicate a crisis in the U.S. family as an institution." The American Family Among other reported features of the current American family profile: Family size averages 3.7 people related by blood or marriage — a "great, though leisurely, decrease" from the 5.7 of colonial, pioneering days. The percentage of never- married American women in the 45-59 age group "has probably never been as low" as it is today." As o| 1967, the percentage had dropped to five per cent. During the last decade, the percentage of families headed by females — including di- SKINNY! 2f, WATI-ON v o r c e d , widowed, single mothers of illegitimate children, and others — has increased to about 11 per cent. The rate of illegitimate births doubled between 1947 and 1967 — that is, it rose from 12 to 24 births per 1,000' unmarried women aged 15-44. "Non-w h i t e illegitimacy rates have been much higher than those for whites during this period," the bureau said, "but while the non-white rate rose sharply between 1947 and 1960, it has declined since then. The white illegitimacy rate, on the other hand, has continued rising all through the 1960s." Greater numbers of elderly folks are now surviving for_ many years after their children marry. Education levels for the population at large have been steadily rising. For example, in 1968, 94 per cent of all U.S. children aged 14-17 were enrolled in schools. Median family income in 1967 reached $8,000 — a 35 per cent gain over 1957 in real dollars. Poor Families Further on the economic side, the report said: "During the 1960s, a period when national attention has been focused on poverty, the number of poor families has dropped substantially. "In 1960, 8.3 million U.S. families — 18, per cent of the total — were considered poor by Social Security Administration standard ... By 1967 there were only 5.3 million poor families." It also said: "Poverty, afflicts many more white families than non-white ones, but the former have been escaping from poverty it a faster rate." Declaring that "popular opinion to the contrary, a large proportion of the U.S. poor live in families whose heads work," the bureau said: "Among the 25.9 million poor in 1967 ... 8.2 million poor Americans lived with family heads who worked all year and 6.5 million lived with heads who worked part-year, mostly in jobs of a seasonal or intermittent nature... "The working poor remain the truly forgotten Americans, for despite their low incomes they are largely unaided by welfare and Social Security programs." depletion claimed. They also insisted that depletion be disallowed on foreign oil production. | The Industry was surprised j to find the anti-oil sentiment on the committee so deep. Historically, the committee has been fairly conservative on reform issues. An earlier motion by Representative Rogers C. B. Morton of Maryland, chairman of the Republican National Committee, to set oil depletion at 22 per cent was considered {fie best test of strength. It failed 13 to 12 when Representative Hale Boggs (Dem., La.), long considered a friend of the industry, voted "no" and, persuaded two other Democrats, Al Ullman of Oregon and John C. Watts of Kentucky to vote with him. An all-out liberal effort led by Representative Sam Gibbons (Dem., Fla) to cut depletion by 40 per cent (to 16.5 per cent) failed by 18 to 7. This was the test of the reformers' peak strength. Representative George Bush of Texas made a motion for 23 per cent and lost 16 to 9. Battle Planned To get the committee to reconsider its final vote, the petroleum institute will have to find one of the majority of 18 on the final 18-7 vote to make the motion. The oil lobbyists are preparing to battle against the proposed depletion cuts "at every step hi the legislative process," one oil industry official said. "There are some differences that taking away depletion will reduce the exploration for new supplies and raise the price to consumers," one gas company expert said. "But we're just the tail on the oil industry dog. Price Rise Fears "They look for oil and find gas. Any increase in the costs will just be passed on down thc line. I don't know that depletion does increase exploration. Exploration has been falling withj hard to tells would happen without < For example, a company grosses $10 million on an oil well and has net income of $3 million. Under the law for most corporations, a firm would pay federal income taxes of 52 per cent or $1,560,000, leaving an after-tax income of $1,440,000. Under the depletion allowance of 27'4 per cent, the oil company pays significantly lower federal taxes. The model company could deduct 27'4 per cent of its gross from the net Income before figuring- the taxes, as long as the total deduction doesn't exceed one- half of thc net Income. In this case, the 27'/4 per cent what it." The oil industry in its new advertising campaign also emphasizes what it considers the dangers of increased prices for its products, increased depend would be of the net. Therefore, this oil company would deduct $1,500,000 before figuring its 52 per cent federal tax. Although its deduction would be less than the full 27^4 per Ilo |/i uuuv«u>* iiii-i tao*-\i vie kit i in- . f .. . . , enc? on foreign oil supplies and <f"J • £««• hc ** s ' vl "? I s a cutback in exploration new fuel supplies. j In the first advertisement, I the industry asks: "What hap- { pens to America's oil industry i is not your problem?" , The answer: "You're right — | if you don't drive a car, don't heat your home, don't have a job or family and don't plan to live here any more." Called the Petroleum Ind u s t r y Information Committee, the group will use only newspaper advertising in Us drive and place as many ads as it can pay for from corporation donations: The industry assumes it will get a friendlier reception for its depletion arguments in the Senate Finance Committee than it did in the House committee. Senator Russell Long (Dem., still , i ami significant. The oil com| pany would pay $780,000 in federal taxes (52 per cent of $1,500,000) rather than t h e $1,560,000 paid by an ordinary La.), chairman committee of the Senate is still against changing the depletion deduc- ASTRONAUT ROAD REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN, CANADA (AP) - Alderman Vince Matthews wants Regina to name its new ring road after" Astronaut Neil Armstrong to show the city's "great interest and moral support" for the Apollo 11 crew. How To Hold Firmtr Longer Do your fill* t««tb tnnoyknd «n- bamui you by coming IOOM tnd dropping wheneTcr TOU ••t/ltugh or talk? Then tprlnkle FA8TKETH on your pltMt. PASTEBTH holds denture* firmer longer—hold* them more comfortably, too. Make* citing •Mier.FAS' 'orubly, iTXKTB UaUulliw. Won't •our. No gummy, gooey, petty tMM. Denture* th*>t At »r» *MenU*4 to bMlth. SM Get PA . 8e> your BTEETBk _ . kt all drug counter*. AOVHTIiiMEMT Oregon Man Active Agein After Using This Pile Treatment Treatment Shrink* Pile*, the gamut of preparations. But with Prepsjet&nB, I'm actjye WALGREEN O H u O s I () K t s (Note: Doctor* hive- proved in most casts-Preparation H* actually shrink* inflamed hemorrhoids. In case after case, tha sufferer first notices prompt relief from pain t burning and itching. Then swelling is gently reduced. There's no other formula for the treatment of hemorrhoids like doctor4ested Preparation H. It also lubricates to make bowel movements more comfortable, soothes irritated tissues and helps prevent further infection, la ointment or suppository form.) They Want ... and wnere to find it Tiki intiqut and custom autos, for instance ... When they are looking for antique or custom-modified cars, young people turn to Classification 353 of the Want Ads. Although the number of antique and custom car fans is small, the readers of this classification are all interested prospects. So, if you have one of these autos for sale, why not advertise it where it will be seen by prospective buyers throughout the state — in the Register and Tribune Want Ads. To place your ad, dial 284-8141 in Des Moines or FREE from anywhere in Iowa at 800-362-1836. :h y is d e d e e

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