Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas on March 31, 1942 · Page 1
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March 31, 1942

Lubbock Morning Avalanche from Lubbock, Texas · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 31, 1942
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AMERICANS ^Starts the Day On the South Plains'' Twentieth Year, No. 107 OCR 14 Pages Today Lubbock, Texas, Tuesday, March 31, 1942 -•*;, ?^V^-iJ?&$ -V"'"^^-^^"-.-;'^"'^:. .'• . ;>^./'.>-^- : - : .'.'''.- : ;-." -.-. .;-• ;< . (AP) Means "Associated Press" Defenders Gain Improvement In- Their Position 1 tenth Of Japan's Cruiser Strength Is Crippled By C. YATES McDANIEL Associated Press Slafi Writer -ft/TELBOURNE, Australia, March •*•"•*•: 30—The American and Australian air forces now hold local superiority over both New Guinea and New Britain above Australia, Air Minister A. S. Drakeford de- in a general stock-taking that disclosed a •marked general '. improvement ( in the position' of , the defenders of s this continent. This superior- ity, he said, was ' "as marked as any throughout the Pacific war with the possible exception of air operations at the opening of the C.Y.»« McD.iii,! Burma cam: - p a i g n." He added, moreover than probably- more than 10 per cent of Japan's entire cruiser strength now had been crippled by. Amevi- can-Australian bombers and fighters in running attacks on the enemy beachhead, about Lae in Eastern New Guinea, and he concluded with, this heartening summary: i "These . successes, achieved by ( cbmparatively.rsmall-forces, are no longer: * to.- TJ e:regard ed as : m er ely of tactical" significance:' They have made'a marked strategical difference^ to Jthe war." .- Aside from the serious wounds Inflicted on the Japanese sea arm —the estimate of 10 per cent crippled t would mean that four to five 'cruu^rs had been smashed about-iac 1 .alone in what is relatively, a mere pin point area of •the ,vast-Pacific battle zone — Drakefprd announced that at least 48 Japanese bombers and fighters had-been destroyed or probably destroyed in the Australian theater in recent weeks. At least 15 more were' damaged. (London informants said Allied figures had shown that 1,025 Japanese planes had been destroyed since Pearl Harbor—a sixth to a fourth of the total enemy air force.) . '..: .. Centered About Lae While Drakeford was thus recapitulating the first phase of the Australian campaign, dispatches from Port Moresby in New Guinea disclosed that the enemy's only (Turn to Page 6, Column 7, Please) . .'•»• * * * * * * *,* * * * v* 4 * * * * + «. +'*> * HoldSuperiority In Air Over Australian War Zone Pennsylvania Child Is Found Hanged ALLENTOWN, Pa., March 30. OP}— The hacked body of Edward Gavornik, a . curly-haired two- year old tot, was found hanging in the .basement of his home to|>' night. Nearby lay a stained axe • . : Dr. Alexander M. Peters, Lehigh w county coroner, said a note found on the body read "all I could bring is hell to anybody. My wife is the best in the world and the boys.'' . Police Chief Arthur V.. Yohe said the child's father, Ralph Gaxornik, could not be found. He said Mrs. Gavornik told this story: Her husband reported off duty from his railroad job the last two days because of illness. Today he told her why don't you go to the hairdresser today and don r t come Pacific Council Of Nations Is Created Powers Bottling ' Japan Will Map Joint War Effort (By The Associated Press) WASHINGTON, March 30. —A • * Pacific council, representing the seven nations actively battling Japan in the Pacific, was established in Washington today to consider "matters of policy relating to our joint war effort." . ' The countries given membership on the council, which will meet for the first time at the White House Wednesday, are the United . States, England, China, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the Netherlands. Urged By Anzacs Australia and New Zealand Have been urging this step ever since the United States went to war, and Herbert V. Evatt. Australian minister for external affairs.-now in. Washington, declared the United Nations had made "an important advance." "It is imperative," President Roosevelt asserted in announcing that the council had been set up "that ail of the .United Nations' now actively engaged in the Pacific conflict . consider together matters of policy relating to our joint war effort. *An effective war can only be prosecuted with the complete co-. operation and.understanding of all the nations concerned. The new council will be in intimate con-. Girdles Also Scarce^ Victory Suits May Reduce Rubber Tires fBv Th«* A«=s**.-'f»:cd Prcs«.i PHILADELPHIA, March so. J- —Victory-suits should improve men's health, Frederick Prosch, Temple university's physical and health education -director, said today. "Without a vest to disguise figures," he asserts, "men will become more self-conscious about their 'rubber tires' and will begin exercising and dieting to improve their appearances.' tact with don.'.' a similar body in Lon- % A Pacific council created in London on Feb. 8, granted representation only, to England,'the-Netherlands/ Australia-.arid-'lStew Zealand.-- -... • •'"'-"';.•.""•'.- •'-'.:- •-• : Delegates Chosen Just how the Washington.coun- cil will operate • was not defined clearly. Presumably it will consider problems of production and supply, shipping,--foreign policy and perhaps war strategy. One "of those who will participate in the council expressed the opinion that "the job running the war in the Pacific will be done in the main-from Washington."^ Those who are to attend the initial meeting Wednesday, in'ad- dition to Mr. Roosevelt and Evatt, are: Walter Nash, New Zealand minister to the United Statfts; Lord Halifax, the British ambassador; Dr. T. V. Soong, Chinese-foreign minister; Dr. Alebander Loudon, the Netherlands minister; and Hume Wrong, councillor Canadian legaion; of the Philippine Army Stalls Japanese By EDWARD E. BOMAR Associated Pi-ess Staff Writer "WASHINGTON, March 30. — Stout defenders.of Bataan peninsula in the Philippines were reported today by the War department to have fought the Japanese to another standstill by their repulse of the first major enemy attack in -weeks. By daybreak yesterday, fighting had dwindled to clashes between i - .. ._ - ...«.patrols, after Lieut. Gen. Jonathan l- Eed £y "°w that we have no room TVT \Va ir»\iTi-ir»K* 1 ,- A »** : -m-i- lOr that SOl't nf ^ *«rai-f_tivi + t 1 +--> Scrap Dealers Are Accused Of Hoarding Metal (fey The Associated Press) DALLAS, March 30. — Thomas L. Mulhcan, War Production board "graveyard" salvage specialist said today that several scrap dealers in ' the Southwest had .been FORMER LUBBOCKITE Thomas I,. Mullicin is Ihi- son of .Lon A. MuIIican of 41G Avenue T, and .-.(he nepheu- of Clirk M. Mullicin of .. K109 --Twentieth street - u .t Lubbock. Thomas "is a tenser.'..long-time, fesi- .: dent of Ihe city, relatives here'said.- found to be:-hoarding valuable tonnage of vital metals and that he was prepared to take action to move such hoarded scrap. : "These dealers, may as well realize that the War Production board means business when it says it w'll requisition this inetal unless it is moved to the furnaces without de- Jay," Mullican said, "and besides that, we will ask for criminal prosecution of any dealers .found to have made false reports." An Example Cited He said a South. Texas scrap dealer had been shipping a thousand tons of scrap a month, but also had been buying a thousand tons a month, thus holding in r»- serve 1,500 tons of the most valuable non-ferrous scrap such zz copper, tin, zinc, aluminum and other metals of a type needed badly now for the production of planes, tanks ships, guns and ammunition. The government ordered this dealer to stop purchases until his hoard of vital metals could be cleared out, Mullican said, adding: Must Get Action "In no case are these scrap hoarders to be given more than 30 aays in which to clear these yards. Otherwise, requisition proceedings will be filed and government representatives will take charge of that scrap yard. "Many dealers seem to think they can take their time about clearing up auto graveyards and accumulations of industrial scrap metal. But they should have real- M. Wainwright's American-Filipino forces drove back, with heavy losses, an onslaught launched on Saturday evening. Marksmanship Praised Sharpshootinj; a n t i - aircraft gunners on the nearby fortified island of Corregidor gained new laurels by .knocking down a Jap-, anese plan from an altitude high- for that' sort of a morrow' attitude _,„, 30 furnaces closed for lack of"steel scrap, we .must have the moved to the furnaces. " We mus't get weapons to the men on the fighting fronts." -until-to- With nearly CRUISER LOST LONDON, March 30. er than 27,000. feet, or. more than loss of the cruiser Naiad was five miles. — The an- back until 9 o'clock: .To another son Bobby. 10, he gave money for the movies. , „,,„.„„ Mrs. Gavornik returned about \ f.™ y Marksmanship of the gunners! onc of ""' aount .'" nine ?£ d o° slx da >' s - IM9 ' nounced tonight. The Naiad was ln cruisers of the 5 450-ton and carr;ed in -xl'S-ir.c.i . o - . 7:30 p. m., .found the door barred I Thc altilu de of 27,000 feet is e 1 "? 5 ' ls smaller weapons, six 21- and discovered a note which reari ! rlear tne extreme effective vertical lnch to n)edo tubes and one air"The baby will go to heaven rar 'S e o f the Army's standard P !ano a "d catapult. thank God. I cannot evplain " ' three-inch anti-aircraft weapon, ^ ---- *• 'Mtnnv..r3.?« f^ I ^ ^ ff' *_1_* i . *^ _ * ! /" X 1 WM. m "W .«. . • " Blitzkrieg On Signs Leads To Sentence OMAHA, March 30. HP}—A one- man bhtzgrieg on state highway stop signs led to a jail sentence today for Richard A. Williams. 20. Omaha machinist. '\ Traffic" in'.-^igators charged! Williams carefu!'^ battered down ' 10 stnp signs at Vix crossings be-1 fore lie was arrested. He got seven j tiays for malirious destruction of I Pan American Military Staff Is Organized • Protection Of Hemisphere Is Aim Of Group By A. E. STUKTZ Associated Press Staff Writer WASHINGTON, March 30.—A I '• permanent collaborative staff of high military officials of the 21 American republics, long hoped for by advocates of Pan Ameri- j canism, came intp being today with promises from-both United |States and Latin American leaders that everything would be done to protect this, hemisphere from invasion. Named "the Inter American Defense board," the officers .met at the Pan American union under their massed national banners to hear Secretaries Stimson and Knox and Gen. George C. Marshall promise victory in the war for democracy. In turn Maj. Gen. Espinosa of Chile, senior officer of the Latin American delegates, said the spirit of Latin American held th"at liberty was "almost a biological necessity" and pledged his colleagues' support. Military Atmosphere The atmosphere was strictly military. Soldier guards in full fighting equipment saluted smartly as the uniformed officers, accompanied by their,aides, entered the building. . p Dr. Diogenes Escalante, • ambassador .of Venezuela and acting chairman of the union, told the Delegates that : "measures 'of military- defense must 'take precedence .qver-all other considerations-" r and declared that "if the history of the last two and a half years has taught one lesson, it is that every country of this continent is affected by a threat to any one of them." The delegates elected Lieut Gen. S. D. Embick of the United States as permanent chairman and agreed to convene again April 6 with specific outlines for a general agenda. The Latest In Easter Bonnets _ For no particular reason: at all. an NEA photographer tent out and. got'six of Ihe new: creations for Easter.and photographed them atop some'of tb. fellows. Results are kind o! amusing. Hike Is Voted For Enlisted Men Anton Man And Wife Reported Killed In Wreck For Shipping Protection One of the principal problems will be the control and protection of inter-American shipping. Another \vill be to gear the needs and resources of each nation into a system of mutual defense. Both situations were recognized by United States officials as requiring the utmost in cooperation from Latin AmericRns' and tremendous effort by this: nation. Approval Given By Senate; Bill : Goes To House (By The Associated Press! WASHINGTON, Mar.' 30— The *' Senate voted 73 to 0 today to boost the starting pay of Uncle Sam's "buck privates" from §21 to $42. a month. >Thc "measure, which now goes to the House, increases the base [jay of enlisted men'all along the allowances for other iiisiivvajr . ou . lumjjui.-,wuen ineir.s ST-;.'.-., - ,-, , L m ^' •'^•« lv y>' west-bound automobile coll idea j ' f ,i?- llle ; cor Ps, Co ^ Guard,-Geb- with a large grocery van. .j ^ lc . SU1 : VC , V . and Public . Health • Bv The Associated Press i SENTINEL, Ariz.;'. March 30.— >..Texas •. men .and a woman* n woman, c , .were^kiUe'^near 'here -on U., S V^or'' ^ J V - a ."o. .highway''80'-'ibmght- wheirtheir I ?f ? ° nel ln thc '' The dead, as reported by the! service, and equalizes pay in the state highway patrol: ranKs oi ihn Ai-m-i.- ^^^ AT.,,.., T* W. J. Bingham, about Anton, Tex. I ranks of the Army and Navy. .It 40, or'"'' 38 .,, 115 . 6 f j, rst b ?sic change pro- Joseph A. Cavaness, about 45, of Maypearl, Tex. . A woman, believed to be Bing- harri's wife. ' . The driver of the truck, identified by .the patrol as W. F. Potter of Los,Angeles, suffered a mashed left foot and other less serious injuries. . -' , . ! • 'INFORMATION LACKING Although persons 'at Anton said posed in the rate of Army pav i since 1922. Comparative Figures No provision is, made for increasing the pay of commissioned officers, with the exception of second lieutenants of the. Army and Naval ehsigns, whose annual base rate would be moved up from $1,500 to $1.800. The following shows the present and proposed monthly base Knox recalled that the war in 1840 was called the batt!e of Britain; in 1941 the battle . of the North Atlantic. "We must now prepar for an extension of the theater of action to the South Atlantic'and the entire Pacific," he said. Woman Jury Finds Two. Negroes Guilty NEW YORK, March 30 (£) — Said Judge John L. Mullen, after an all-woman jury had convicted two negroes of robbery: "Your verdict here today will dispel any concern that an all- woman jury might be inferior to an all-male or mixed jury."Said Miss Anne Rita Bodek, upon her dismissal as an alternate on the jury: "All they'd do would be to talk about card parties, clothes, and which of their neighbors had the dirtiest windows, judging by what I've heard. They won't concentrate on. the merits of a case the way men do." BITES THE DUST WASHINGTON, March 30. (&i —The Jawn mower bit the dus' today. To conserve steel, the War Production board ordered a halt in the manufacture of a!l mowers after June 30, except those used to harvest crops. according to official statements. Its • fully effective range is i rated at about four miies, proximately 21,000 feet Congratulations To: property, reckless driving having an improper license. and Tune In 1340 Kilocycles K.-FYO Avalanche-Journal Station Seven Last Words Of Christ" To Be Presented Mr. and Mrs. L. L. Wright of: A b c r tiathy r>n i birth of a" son! weighing 5 • pounds I ounce j' at 9:06 o'clock J Monday night in ! West Texas hos-j pitai. Wright is ^ a rural mail carrier. ; Mr. and Mrs. Robert B. Garner 1 of Lubbock route 6 on birth of a daughter weighing 6 pounds at 1 :SO o'clock this morning in St Mary 5 hospital. . TpIGHTH annual presenta- *-t. lation of "The Seven Last vvo'.-as of Christ"' 'Dubois? bv thc Texas Technological cof- legc chorus and orchestra is scheduled for 8:15 o'clock tonight in Senior High school auditorium. P.Tx.ccds wilt be given to Milam s orphanage. Tickets, which may be obtained from members of the chorus or at th3 auditorium, will be 50 cents each. Brief speeches will be given by George P. Kuykeno'all, •chairman of the orphanage's executive board, who xvili speak in behalf of "Our Orphans"; Spsncer A. Wells. chairman of the board of directors of. the college. "Our Heroes", dedicating the program to former students of Texas Tech who have died in military sen-ice, and Dr. Ju!icn Paul Blitz, heart professor of miisic at the college, "Our Chorus and Orchestra". Thc famous oratorio, words 1o which will bs printed on the program, is presented each spring before Easier. Edouard Blitz, son of Dr. and Airs. BHtz. will be guest conductor. Soloists will be Twila Farrcll. Betty Fitzpatrick and Mr.=. Piex Webster, soprano, Ira Schsntz, tenor, and Webster, bass. night could say -whether it was he who was in the accident at Sentinel, Ariz. It was reported there that Bingham was married. It could not be determined if the 'Binghams living at Spade were. the persons fatally injured. I a \V. J. Bingham lived in the j pay: ' Spade community, none Monday Master sergeant; chief petty of" ! " u * "~" 1J '"•"— " "-- f 'cer $126, $138; first or technical sgt: petty officer 1st class 84', 114- staff sergeant, petty officer 2nd class 72, 96; sergeant, petty officer 3rd class 60, 78; corporal, seaman 1st class 54, 66; private, 1st class, seaman 2nd class 36, 48; private; apprentice seaman 30, 42; enlistee! man with less than 4 months service 21, 42. Acting. chief petty officers in the Navy and Coast Guard would receive a base pay of $12fi, as cornpared with the present $99. Haise For Philippines The measure abolishes the S10 pay increase to which all enlisted men now are entitled after 12 months' service, but places longevity credifon the same basis as that proposed for officers— a five per cent increase for each three years of. .service up to 30 years. The bill also authorizes enlisted men to count for longevity pur- (Turn to-Page 6, Column 7, Please? Indians Divided On British Otter By H. R. STIMSON Associated Press Staff Writer VTEW DELHI, March 30. — Sir •"-'i Stafford Cripps took directly to the people of India tonight Britain's offer, of an immediate seat in the war- cabinet and free constitutional .equality after the war/but debates among-leaders of this subcontinent's divergent millions delayed any straightaway yes or no answer. Sir. Stafford, British cabinet member who came out to marshal India's strength against the imminent threat of Japanese invasion, made it clear that the Indians must accept quickly or not at all. Definite Proposals 'Broadcasting to India tonight, he declared: "Our proposals are definite and precise. If they are rejected, nothing can be done until after the war." ..The gist of Britain's pledge he gave as follows: "The Briiifh government and the British pconlc "desire the Indian people to have full self-government, with a constitution as free in every reaped as our own in Great .Britain os a-.- any of the great dominion members of the British commonwealth of nations. "India would be associating with the United Kingdom anrf thc other dominions by a common allegiance to thc crown, and equal to them in every respect, and never a subordinate in any rc.-jpcct. Regulated By Constitution • '•There if, however, an existing constitution which regulates the j central or provisional governments jof India, and everyone agrees that in the:* troublous times we cannot here and now set about forging a new constitution. "It is far too important a matter for the future of India to be im(Turn to Page 6, CoJumn 1, Please) Level I and Youths Are Sentenced In Theft Four Levelland youths were sentenced to 30 days in jail Monday when they pleaded guilty before County Judge G. V. Pardue of theft of a $7:50 tire. They were James R. Richards, 21, David Hinson, 20, Doyle W Carlton, 18, and JoJmie L. Clayburn, 19. John Truly, police patrolman, arrested the youths when they attempted to change their worn-out tire-for thc one stolen, along with a wheel, from Z. K. Hufstedler & Son implement place. T. L. Yates was finod $1 and assessed $18.25 court costs after pleading guilty of a drunkenness charge before Judge Pardue. His case was on appeal from corporation court. Welch Bailey, 32, was charged jointly with Geneva Parker, 23 with liquor law violation and' charged similarly on another complaint. Women Must Poy Tax On Free Admissions WASHINGTON, March 30. Aufo Owners Rush To Buy License Tags Four queues of motorists kept the first floor of the county courthouse well crowded Monday and hundreds of yellow and black 1942 automobile tags went across the counters of Lubbock (ax assessor-collector's office, Harvey Austin, deputy in the office' of H. B. Bryan, assessor- collector, said 7,751 passengers Allied Drive Bayonet Point- Foils Enemy Counter-Offensive '': Is Said Opened By British Army ( By Ths Associated Prs«M •VTEW DESHI, March 30.— Fierce •L^ counter- -attacks by Chinese forces holding oh at Toungoo and battling at' 1 bayonet point for the road to Mandalay .appeared -tonight to have smashed Japanese'' efforts to deal first with the Chi- '.' nese at the eastern flank of the" Burma line "and then turn "upon" the British along the Irrawaddy."- American Gen. Joseph W. Stil- • well's Chinese troops reported the capture of a' Japanese battalion. headquarter? at Nangyun yester-- day and said they had driven\the » Japanese from Ky u n gon ; air field, *.„. 10 miles north of Toungoo. , .' Sharp Counter-Drive'-'.- .On their* western i 1 a"n k , ••; the : c : British turned upon- Japanese *col--/- umns crawling norlh . t djy'a "r*d '. Prome, and opened what'appf^re'dvi to be a sharp counter-oftensivefof jt their own. • ':'_'. -•-'.•• Lieut. Gen. Harold Alexander's / armored formations, rested.': and' refitted since their earlier/ action" ••' in the Burma battle, struck down* the Irrawaddy road at two" Jap." ahese columns. '••„•.'. .The tank and infantry < attack was delivered ngainst t rujdJap-: :• anesc near . Paunede,- 30 -miles south, of Prome, whore fighting had been, intensifying :. steadijy/ since the first contact of advance "••• units last Saturday.' • ' .'•', ;•"-' •The Treasury today abolished >' cars lla d been registered Mondav cut rates for women ond admission taxes. ... "The • Chinese Khigh-c am.-ma'n' 'dr-: charged -in a communique'* issued- at Chungking that the Japanese •-. • used poison 1 gas 'in "their attack against Toungoo.-' •••' The Chinese were not taken by surprise, the communique said.-'.. -"Fighting around Toungoo . is only a struggle- for outposts," the • Chinese command- declared. "The" decisive battle will be fought' to the north.'* . . ••....: The communique said the Jap-(Turn to Page 6, Column 7, Please) . Three Sentenced By > 72nd District Court ; : LEVELLAND, March 30 (Special) — Three persons received" two-year suspended penitentiary. sentences today in 72nd .district, court of Judge Daniel A. Blair here. - Ha'nsford Hutto, 20.- was tried before a jury for chicken theft and was found guilty. In a com-' panion case, Hoss Hodges, : 17, pleaded guilty before Judge Blair. • Each was given two years sus- ; pended. .-•'•• . Jimmy Murray, a negro, was • given a similar sentence for theft from person. M. Garcia was the complaining witness. •• " Two cases against Floyd Tate, charging burglary, were continued. Marie Galloway, charged with aiding the escape of another, was tried before .ihe court, but' sentence was not given. She is charged with having secreted saw blades to Tate in January. ' " Six theft cases are set for hearing Tuer-day. They are against L,T. Gordon and D. L. Galloway, . charged with chicken theft; Roy Smith, two cases, and Vick Ridley, charged \vith theft of oil well equipment and H. E. : 'Mathis,' charged with theft of oil'well pipe. Uncle Ef Says: \ , Wonder^ who's - : :most to blame i. ffif- ' that . Jack; and Heintz'. dizizy .war profits busi- - 'aess in .Cleveland — Jack, or whoever is respon- ' sible for granting contracts that - make such lavish, profits. possible? Boss J'a c k certainly ____ put on ; great' sharo-the-wcal'.h show, but it was . with taxpayers' money h'andcd him by a not very smart contract maker, I'd say. THE WEATHER 'WEST TEXAS: Temperatures Tuesday about the same " as on Monrtav. Amending its regulation?, the! Treasury ruled that if women are admitted free or at reduced rates to danres or other amusements ' 1C said. farm tag:; had Today and Wednesday are the last days to register auJos, with „,, , . . .-...Wednesday midnight ;he deadline, _ must pay admissions (ax at {after which a penalty v-ill be im- ttie same rate as men pay on ,'ulli posed against drivers whose cars NEW MEXICO: and Tuesriav - about th t>ccn issued, [Monday. , -.-. •• LOCAL WtATHER I SUtes W«th*r E rate tickets. Maximum Temperatures as on .« J « it I *. is., -13.3 :erti9era;cnj : ;'/e:-tei«JaT i • imum tSEptr«tcr« • not tagged. *7, 33 J ij-

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