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Tobacco Industry Under Fire By Public Health Service WASHINGTON (AP) - The tobacco industry is under attack again from the U.S. Public Health Service, which says recent findings indicate heavy cigarette smoking can, on the average, shorten life more than eight years. The PUS findings dovetailed with new recommendations by the Federal Trade Commission urging laws to ban all cigarette advertising on television and radio. Both agencies submitted their findings Monday in separate reports to Congress. Seek To Ban Advertising Three of the five FTC members called for the prohibition on all TV and radio advertising, but said if this wasn't done, then "cigarette advertising on televi sion and radio should be limited as to the hours at which it may appear, the extent to which it may appear, and the types of programs on which it may appear." The three majority FTC members, Philip Elman, Mary Gardiner Jones and James Nicholson, were joined by the remaining two commissioners, Chairman Paul Rand Dixon and A. Everette Maclntyre, in recommending a new and tougher warning on all cigarette packages, which would also be required in all advertising. This would read: "Cigarette smoking is dangerous to health and may cause death from cancer and other diseases." The only warning now reads: "Caution, cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health." It is required to be shown on cigarette packages only. 'Smoking Can Shorten Life' The PHS report said that find- ings made since its original report attacking smoking in 1964 shows strong evidence that heavy smoking can reduce life expectancy by more than eight light four years on the average. A smoker faces a loss of years of life expectancy, the report stated. In addition, the Health Service declared there is evidence of contributory links between cigarette smoking and heart disease. There was no immediate reaction from the tobacco industry. A spokesman for the American Tobacco Institute said there would be no comment until the reports had been examined. Claim No Connection In the past, the tobacco industry claimed there was no cause-effect connection between cigarette smoking and disease. The television and radio networks, which would be hard hit economically by a ban on advertising, generally declined comment pending study of the reports. Castro Says 'Che' Guevara Assassinated HAVANA (AP) - Fidel Castro says Bolivia's president and the commander of its armed forces ordered Cuban revolutionary leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara assassinated after he was captured and that two drunken soldiers did the job. In an introduction to the Cuban version of Guevara's Bolivian war diary, Castro also claimed that Bolivia's top Communist, Mario Monje, sabotaged Guevara's guerrilla campaign by intercepting "well trained militant Communists who were going in to join the guerrillas." Diary Seized Guevara's diary was seized by Bolivian army authorities after his capture last October during an abortive campaign to create what he described as a "new Vietnam" in Latin America, with Bolivia as the starting point. Cuban officials said they got hold of photostatic copies of the diary without paying for them but did not explain how. There was speculation that photostat might have been obtained through Bolivian army sources Castro's government began distributing its version of the diary free Monday. In La Paz, Bolivian Presideni Rene Barrientos charged tha the Cuban book was fictiona and false. He said it was con trived by Cuba's Communist re gime to bolster public morale. Extradition Ordered (Continued from Page One) jvclopments, they may be show it was not an individual (dropped, ict. | "There is not a shred of evi-jbut he could go over the work"All I know is that this ac-jdence to show that the murderling papers with City Atty. Rob- cused man said he didn't do it," took place to further the ends of crlF. Eckert Federal Agency Tells (Continued from Page One) spcction of all housing to prevent deteriorating areas in the future is ow a requirement. This means h addition to $3,500 this year a bill of $9,500, with a permanent $6,000 addition to the payroll, and probably increasing requirements each year, the (lie mayor saul. He objected that the fedcrtl r c - quirements arc using up funds which are "not getting down to those needing the housing." To Consult Dlxon Mayor Shelly said he plans to consult the mayor of Di.-:nn, who has such a housing insp ••*[or, to see how Dixon prepared its workable program, and to see the checklist, not available to him in Chicago, which the inspector competes on each inspection. Aid. Thomas Myers said he'd like to sec the proposal that taken to Chicr^o. Mayor j Shelly said it is still in Chicago said. The magistrate also passed over the question of Ray's iden- ification without difficulty. Ray vas arrested in Britain on 'orged passport and illegal gun- carrying charges under the alas of Ramon George Sneyd. But the magistrate said: "I 'ind evidence that James Earl Ray is the same person now be- 'ore me." To Make Appeal Should the High Court reject ,he appeal, Ray could go to the louse of Lords, which is Britain's highest court. But he could make an appeal to the Lords only on a point of law. The extradition order against :he 40-year-old prisoner was on ,wo grounds—being "a fugitive criminal accused of murder" and "a fugitive convicted of robbery." This traces to his escape in April 1967 from the Missouri tate Penitentiary at Jefferson lity, where he was starting his eighth year of a 20-year sen- ence for armed robbery. Two British charges on which Ray was arrested at London irport June 8—having a forged Canadian passport and an unli- :ensed gun—are due to come up lext Tuesday. In view of the de- place a larger enterprise," David Cala British lawyer represent- the U.S. government told London's Chief Magistrate Frank Milton. "There is nothing to show that this shooting was done to further the people," cause of Calcutt the colored continued. "There was no conspiracy. No other man or other body was involved. "There have been undertones that this might be so, but the evidence before this court points to a lone assassination for private purposes." Addresses Court Calcutt addressed the court after Ray's British attorney, Roger Frisby, told the magistrate that whoever killed King did not do it on personal grounds but because he disapproved of the type of activity King was conducting. Shortly after the court adjourned for lunch, Ray returned to make an unexpected statement. Refutes Testimony Sandwiched between two policemen, he told the magistrate: "I don't want to repeat myself. I would like to take the opportun- Ald. Richard Luthin said he had voted for the $3,000 allocation but now found himself questioning if he would have done so had he known about the increase to $9,500 and a continuing obligation. Aid. Karl Smoyer said that it's a question: "Do you want low-income housing?" Amendment Fails Luthin said one of his questions is: Just how much substandard housing do we have, and do we need these proposed 120 additional low-income federal units the Freeport Housing Authority proposes? He said he voted for the $3,000 allocation with a reservation ity to object to Mr. Butler's testimony." Detective Chief Supt. Thomas Butler of Scotland Yard had testified last week that, when accused, Ray collapsed on a seat in his cell crying: "Oh God. I feel so trapped." Ray quickly denied he ever said it and he made a further denial today "especially in view of the fact that this case will probably be given wide publicity in the United States, especial- that a City Council committee should bo meeting with the Freeport Housing Authority board to get this information. No council committee has studied it, he said; the request came direct from the housing authority's director to the whole council. "1 think we can help the authority and they can help us." An amendment proposing that the finance committee meet with the housing authority was carried 7-2. Aid. Bennie Brown, l who had favored having the health committee take this responsibility, as \is members are already interested in upgrading substandard housing, and Aid. Myers voted no. Favors Trial Mayor Shelly said he would try to get fuller information from Dixon. He suggested that every effort be made to get the workable program recertified, including professional help and the hiring of an inspector. "We can always withdraw if we are not satisfied." Mayor Shelly said budget requests now run $200,000 over income, and "we'll have to do without some things to stay within our income." The motion to approve the $3,000 allocation carried unanimously. Mayor Shelly said he did not need a motion to get the required professional services, since this would not exceed the $500 limit of expenditures he is authorized to approve. Absent from the meeting were Aldermen Milton Babcock, Frank McGee, Lester Hill, H. Carl Milligan and Mark McLe- Roy. WRONG SOLDIER ST. LOUIS, Mo. (AP) - Oliver Anderson, a St. Louis singer and musician, has been sent the Bronze Star and Purple Heart for "meritorious service in Vietnam." Anderson, 26, served his time in the Army, but he was never in Vietnam. The medals came to him through the ROTC headquarters of Washington University. ly press. in !• the so-called liberal Campaign By Poor People In Capital Proves Costly By STAN BENJAMIN WASHINGTON (AP) — The six weeks the Poor People's Campaign spent living and demonstrating in the nation's capital cost everyone involved, including the public, at least $1.2 million. But that sum may fall far short "of what the final expense will total a figure that may never be known. On May 11 when the Southern Christian Leadership Conference planted Resurrection City, the campaign's plywood shanty town, on national park land near the Lincoln Memorial, federal officials said there would be little cost to the government. List Expenses But by the time Resurrection ity was dismantled and hauled away last week, federal ex- Denses were officially put at ;231,684. The District of Columbia estimated its own expenses from he campaign at about $500,000 not counting police costs during The first international police force was established by the U.N. in 1956 to'supervise the truce in the Middle East. Loan Program Proposed By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey proposed a multibil- ion-dollar loan program today o "save" the nation's cities and Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy's top aides tackled differences over he direction his campaign 5 hould take. McCarthy aides were reported divided over whether the Minnesota Senator should concentrate on personal contacts with delegates in his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination or combine the contacts with mass actions such as state convention walkouts to demonstrate his "new politics" strength. The Washington Post said McCarthy had asked his advisers to combine their various strategies at a meeting in Washington today into a general plan for the campaign's future. Urges Bank Creation Humphrey, in what was billed a major speech on city problems, proposed in Cleveland creation of a National Urban Development Bank to help finance redevelopment projects particularly in inner cities. "This is essentially a program for federal underwriting oi loans," Humphrey said. The bank would sell federally guaranteed bonds to private investors. "This is even more essentially," he said, "a proposal to commit ourselves as a country, to paying whatever is the cost not of just saving, but of perfecting, our cities." On the Republican side, Richard M. Nixon has accumulated nearly three-fourths of the delegates needed for the GOP presidential nomination and his opponent, New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller, has called for fast legislation. Nixon Has 478 Votes Nixon now has 478 of the 667 votes needed for nomination, according to the Associated Press tabulation of delegates pledged, committed or publicly stating their voting intentions. Rockefeller has 192. The count does not include the minimum 40 Texas delegate: that Sen. John G. Tower said Monday would go to Nixon as a result of the Senator's dropping his favorite son role and releas ing the state's 56 GOP delegates. Humphrey has 640 T A Demo cratic delegates votes in the AP tabulation to 401 ] /4 for Me Carthy. The Democratic nomination requires 1,312 votes. Rockefeller said in Helena, VIont., Congress should enact 'resident Johnson's proposal or gun registration and licens- ng before it adjourns this year. "The lives of innocent people are at stake," he said. "Strong, workable gun-control legislation s urgently needed in the battle ;o control crime and lessen vio- icnce." Rocky Said Gaining The Harris Survey, meanwhile, reported Rockefeller is gaining Democratic and Independent support but losing Republican support to Nixon. Louis Harris said in a Wash- ington Post copyright story his aoll shows Rockefeller gained 10 Dercentage points in independent votes between May and June in tests against both Humphrey and McCarthy. In another political develop ment, New Jersey Gov. Richard J. Hughes, chairman of the Democratic National Convention's credentials committee called a bid by Negroes for a guaranteed minimum of North Carolina's delegates "inap propriate." Dr. Reginald Hawkins, a Ne gro civil rights leader, said an organization he heads will de mand a minimum of 14 of the state's 59 delegates. ORIENTAL RUG SALE 15 To Choose From LLOYD G. SMITH 1322 So. Harlem Dial 233-8614 To Ask LBJ For Higher U.S. Prices SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador ;AP) — The presidents of five Central American nations are xpected to ask President Johnson once again for higher prices 'or commodities and goods they sell to the United States when Johnson joins them here this weekend for an economic review. Foreign ministers of the five nations in the Central American Common Market—El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Honduras and Guatemala—were due ;oday to arrange the agenda for he presidents' conference open- ng Friday. Nations Hurting All five nations are hurting 'rom the low prices abroad of heir basic export crops—sugar, jananas and coffee—while the cost steadily increases on their mports of manufactured goods, machinery and luxuries. The bloc's annual trade deficit las increased from $100 million in 1963 to $234 million last year. Before Johnson arrives, the chief topic before the presidents \ will be a controversial 30 per cent boost in import levies that s threatening to break up the seven-year-old trade bloc. last week's demonstrations. The SCLC, although tightlipped about money matters, conceded it spent about $350,000 to operate the campaign. The Washington Star said it cost an additional $100,000 to build Resurrection City, and there was another $10,000 spent to bring the mule train, symbol of rural poverty, to the city. Of the government expenditures, about $85,000 went toward tearing down the shantytown and replacing the grass trampled in the mud-filled 15-acre camp site. Police Costs High Most of the governmental expenses, $129,603 spent by the National Park Service and the $500,000 incurred by the District of Columbia, went to pay overtime for policemen. These estimates cover known government and SCLC expenses. There is another category of expenditures that may never be fully known—the thousands of dollars worth of money, goods and time donated by hundreds of people and organizations. The large cost of transporting the campaigners to Washington was borne primarily by sympathetic businesses, civic groups civil rights organizations and support committees organized early in the year by SCLC. Contributions Washington area churches donated living space, food and clothing. Doctors, dentists and nurses gave their time, companies gave medicine. And individuals chipped in everything from loaned automobiles to the price of a long-distance telephone call back home. Jail and court costs for the more than 200 demonstrators arrested a week ago Monday have not been estimated. MIDWEST Dubuque, clear 76 50 Madison, cloudy .... 77 53 South Bend, cloudy . 80 60 .01 Paducah, rain 95 69 .09 Burlington, clear ... 77 51 Freeport (III.) Journal-Standard » 0 . 14 Tues., July 2, 1968 Seek Spock Conviction Reversal BOSTON (AP) — U.S. District Judge Francis J. W. Ford lias taken under advisement motions for reversal of the convictions of Dr. Benjamin Spock and three codefendanls on anlidraft conspiracy charges. Ford did not indicate Monday when he would rule on the motions. When the trial ended June 14 he set sentencing for July 10. The maximum sentence is five years in prison or a $10,000 fine. Spock's fellow defendants are the Rev. William Sloane Coffin Jr., Yale University chaplain; Michael Ferber, a Harvard graduate student, and Mitchell Goodman of Temple Maine. None of the four was in court. Marcus Raskin, codirector of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington, was acquitted by the all-male jury. Tlie defeandants ask either acquittal, a new trial, or an order for arrest of judgment on the ground that the indictment failed to specify a crime. semi-annual STILL IN PROGRESS! Shop all 3 floors for exceptional values! SAVE 20% to 50% in this great sale event! House of Corner of Main and Galena You're Invited to a Stirring "Command Performance 11 OPEN THURSDAY JULY 4TH 7A.M. UNTIL MIDNIGHT •\ HOME OF THE BIG STEIN YOU'LL FIND IT ALL AT "MOPE'S" CITY HALL .. THE BIGGEST, BUSIEST BAR IN TOWN. 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