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T Sands of Time PAG* A-4 WEDNESDAY, JUNE It. 1970 FREDERICK, MARYLAND Tribute Amidst Trial tribute to the education offered by the County School Department is that one of its products has won the nation's highest award for academic excellence. _ . . . . _ . .. Â·Â·A a-year-oM English major at Washington College in Chestertown, wtoo is a graduate of Frederick High School, was the recipient at the college's commencement exercises Sunday of a scholarship of $12,000 to spend in any way he sees fit. The prize, established by an alumnus of the college, is "for the senior having the best ability and promise for future fulfillment in the field of Hterary endeavor." It is the largest award offered on any campus in the United States for William L. Thompson, son of Mr. and Mrs. John E. Thompson of RFD 6, Frederick, who was co-editor of the Washington College literary magazine, "Miscellany," heard bis literary work, particularly in the field of poetry, lauded at the commencement exercises by Dr. Norman James, head of the English Department. Every citizen of Frederick County can bold his head a little higher in the realization that a product of its school system won this coveted distinction. Meanwhile, however, as the Board of - Education still gropes in the dark as to exactly how much money it is to be allocated for running the county's schools in the next academic years, there are disquieting reports that as predicted the $2.2 million slash in their budget is inevitably going to force a cheapening of the academic offerings. Ironically, it is from Mr. Thompson's afena mater, Frederick High School, that word comes that as a result of the cuts in the budget by the Board of County Commissioners that the School Department will be forced to drop years three and four of the 12-year-old four-year Latin program in the county's schools. And this drastic curtailment in the language department comes fast on preceding reports that higher mathematics classes are also being dropped in some high schools. While of necessity these classes have been small in enrollment the fact remains that in many scientific fields to later be followed through college and into life careers they are almost indispensable. And there are grapevine reports that once the Board of Education finally gets into its hands the sadly slashed budget prepared by the Board of County Commissioners that other academic subjects will have to be curtailed. All of these things should be both disquieting and shocking to the parents ana taxpayers of Frederick County. And very revealing are statistics contained in a Maryland State Department of Education report which shows that contrary to popular belief locally that our educational wage scale is munificent that Frederick County while ranking seventh in the state in wealth per pupil drops to 17th among the counties in the average salary paid to teachers and principals. The report ranks the state's 23 counties and Baltimore City by wealth per pupil based upon real property plus taxable income, on cost per pupil in the educational system, and on average salaries of teachers and principals. It is not surprising that our neighbor to the south, Montgomery County tops the state in all three categories, wealth per pupil is $30,349, cost per student $899.27, and average educator's salary during the 1968-69 academic year $10,463. This makes Frederick County's categories look rather sad. Wealth per pupil is $20,105, cost per student, $704, .and average salary $7,826. And although nearby Washington County ranks below Frederick County in wealth per pupil, $17,976, and cost per student, $704.69, its average salary for teachers and principals was $8,903, giving it the fifth ranking in the state. And it will doubtless come as a shock to many taxpayers who have been attacking the liberal salaries paid Frederick County educators when they are informed that in truth the county's average of $7,826 is almost $1,000 under the average paid by all of the 23 counties and Baltimore City of $8,745. Free Enterprise Still Best Additional evidence if any is needed for Americans of the superiority of the free enterprise system over Communism is afforded by the miserable failure of Fidel Castro to achieve bis much ballyhooed goal of a 10 million ton sugar harvest. In his well-advertised attempt to justify collectivization of agriculture in Cuba to achieve his goal, the island's dictator pulled out all of the stops on the Communist organ. As much land was pressed into use as was possible, factories were emptied of their workers. Vacations were canceled. Even Christmas was postponed until after the sugar harvest so that all Cubans could unite in this vaunted campaign to set a production record and demonstrate the superiority of collectivization over the free enterprise system. Unfortunately, Castro has found that not even in a police state can workers be forced to produce unless they are under the lash of the overseer. Millions of Cubans were forced to spend long hours in the fields but their efforts were apathetic at best. And they apparently were not overly impressed by Castro's impassioned and repeated TV appeals that "the honor of the Revolution is at stake." Not more than eight million tons will be the final harvest. And despite the fact that Castro has an eager customer for the entire crop in Soviet Russia, the fact that he has been unable to make good on his assurances to Moscow could turn into an economic disaster for the Caribbean dictator. Economists point out that in 1952 the discredited Batista government produced a seven million tons crop in a harvest which required only 110 days. This year's crop, only slightly larger, has consumed 280 days of backbreaking toil by the pressurized Cuban agriculture workers and in a costly neglect of the remainder of the national economy. This collosal economic failure was as much a .testament to the primitive collectivized system under which Cuba operates as to the dictator who enforces it. Unfortunately, until both have been removed from the scene, Cuba's oppressed millions can expect more of the same. Plumbing With Impunity A crisis is looming in Carroll County over the issue of unlicensed plumbers. ~-~ Until the General Assembly passed a *toecial law in 1968 requiring Carroll 'County plumbers to pass a state examination in order to practice their profession, followers of the craft in that neighboring jurisdiction had never bothered to take the state tests. And according to State's Attorney T. Bryan Mclntire, who is threatening to bring the issue before the grand jury, not even passage of the law had any effect in Carroll County in most instances. While a few of the county's plumbers complied with the 1968 law and both took and passed the state examination, Htoe majority of the craft ignored it completely. And so long as they did not take any jobs outside of the county, they did so with impunity, in view of the fact that the Board of County Commissioners conveniently neglected to enforce the new statue. Now, however, the state's attorney has officially warned the county government that it must act or he will proceed to obtain indictments against all plumbers who have failed to comply with the two-year-old statute. County Commissioner Paul J. Walsh counters with the statement that plumbers are hard to find in Carroll County now and that he fears that many of the older men practicing the trad* would be unable to pass the fairly itiff state examination even if they tried. "Most of them know their job," the county commissioner says, "but they can't read or write too well and probably some of them could not pass such an examination and obtain state licenses. Something, apparently, has to be done, however, and that speedily. The State Board of Practical Plumbing has turned down the plea of the Board of County Commissioners that the county's present unlicensed plumbers be granted licenses without examinations under the so-called "grandfather" clause. Local sources indicate that if the county commissioners do not relent, however, and require the men to take the examinations that up to 200 jobs are in jeopardy. TIMELY QUOTES It (the end of American military involvement in Vietnam) would cause a temporary subsiding in anxiety but would in no way, I think, eliminate the general concerns young people have, especially on the campuses, over a wide variety of social and political problems -- Dr. Alexander Heard, chancellor of Vanderbill University and special adtiser to President Nixon on campus problems. We ask simply and urgently that you rise to the heroism that these times demand and take swift and decisive steps to restore a unity of vision and purpose . . this necessitates a rapid termination of U.S. participation in the Southeast Asia war. -- Fonj-lnrw AmrrUMn Nobel pn/ewinnrrs in a petition in President Nixon yesterday 50 Years Ago JUNE M, MM A TWO WHEEL tractor demonstration was given on the farm of William Henry, one mite east of Uwistown, yerterday afternoon, in the prcMBce of about IN farmer*, many of whom wen from Montgomery, Howard and Carroll counties. THE BOARD OF COUNTY Commissioners voted to authorize the construction of an improved county road from Wolfsville to Myersville, the road to be built on the one-to-two plan. The road wilrbe five miles long and will go through a thickly populated farming district. INCIDENT TO THE congested condition of railroad traffic is the possibility that the old Chesapeake and Ohio canal may be rejuvenated. At present coal is shipped through the canal and it has some passenger traffic but the days of the old canal's glory have departed. WILSON MARTZ, 83 years old, known as the grand old man of the County rural mail carriers, is once again delivering mail along Route 6 from Frederick. The route is 24 miles long and serves 176 families or about mo people. Wilson Martz will retire this September. Letters To The Ed/for 'BACKGROUND FACTS* ON NIXON DECISION To the Editor. Sir: The following is a copy of a letter recently received by me from Vice Admiral W. R. Smedberg in, USN Ret., president of the Retired Officers Association, a patriotic and distinguished officer who has dedicated his life to service to his country. Much of the. information contained in this letter is of vital concern to everyone in the USA. It is hoped that as a patriotic duty you can use the facts contained in this letter. DUDLEY M. PAGE Cdr. USN (Ret.) 119 Record Street Frederick, Md. 21701 BACKGROUND FACTS RELATED TO NATIONAL DEFENSE On 28 April 1970 a small group of top officials of organizations which actively support an adequate national defense for the United States met with the President in the White House Cabinet room. I was honored to be one of that group. The President (talked for more than an hour of the particular problems bearing on our national security. This most unusual, if not unprecedented, talk to a group of mostly retired military and naval personnel, and the frankness with which he expressed his ideas, were positive proof of the trust and confidence our Commander-in- Chief places in those men and women who have given so many years of their hve-s to insure the security of this nation The President commented on trends which appear fashionable today, the viewing of patriotism with scorn, the downgrading of those in the military services, and the efforts to cut back on our national defense. H e recognized, as do many military men, that military forces and military spending are looked upon in some quarters as inherently evil He recognized the high motives behind many of those who wish to take money from the defense budget in order to modernize ghettos, rebuild cities and clean our polluted air and water The President believes that there must be major improvement in those areas, but he said that unless this country ,has adequate defenses, there may be no environment, at all to worry about in the years ahead Therefore, he feels that there Â·Â· must be proper balance between the required security needs of this country and the money spent in improving those areas which must be improved. In my happy retirement I had thought t h a t we w e r e maintaining our deterrent capability and therefore our security. But the sobering, even startling developments of the past few years related to us by the President, many of the details of which have been released by the Secretary of Defense, indicate that the United States is now very close to the point where its citizens must make a decision whether we are to continue as a first rate world power or be willing to settle for second best The President laid the greatest stress on the fact that the Soviet's a t t i t u d e , as e x p r e s s e d repeatedly, is one of expansion, whereas that of the United States is purely defensive. Facts which I have learned and which I want to bring to your personal attention are: 1. At the time of the Cuban crisis, the United States had an overall 10 to 1 superiority in ICBMs. Now the Soviets are ahead in total numbers and greatly ahead in explosive power. 2 In the older category of multi-megaton ICBMs such as the TITAN and comparable Soviet missiles, the Soviets in 1965 had a better than 4-1 advantage and they still maintain that position 3. In 1965 the United States had 880 operational MINUTEMEN missiles The Soviet Union had nothing comparable. Today, the Soviets have over 800 such launchers operational and a projected force that could exceed 1,000 within the next two years 4 In 1965, the Soviets had no operational launcher for its large SS-9 missile, which qan carry a 25 megaton load. Today they have 220 operational systems and 60 or more under construction. The United States has no counterpart to this system 5. The Soviets are continuing work on their anti-ballistic missile (ABM) deployment in the Moscow area and presently have a total of 64 launchers in place. The United States has none. 6 In the past year the Soviets installed over 120 additional ICBM sites. theU S none 7 In the past year the Soviets built eight new nuclear submarines with 'nuclear missile capability We built none We still have a superiority of almost 2-1/2 to 1 in nuclear submarines capable of delivering nuclear warheads from the sea, but, by 1975. the Soviets will not only ,c, WTO Â»r Nl*. he, "If Thomas Paine thought HIS were 'the times that fry men's souls,'-- he ought to get a load of TODAY!" have equalled, but at the present rate of construction will have passed .our sea-based nuclear delivery capability. 8. In 1965, neither a depressed trajectory ICBM nor a F r a c t i o n a l O r b i t a l Bombardment System existed in either the Soviet or U.S. inventory. Today, the Soviets have tested both configurations and may have an operational version ready for deployment. The United States has developed nothing comparable to these systems. 9 In 1965, there was no development underway of a so- called Undersea Long-Range Missile System (ULMS) by either the United States or the ' Soviet Union. Today, the United States is spending relatively small sums in research and development of such a system. The Soviet Union is testing a new, long-range missile for possible Naval use. 10 In 1965, the Soviet heavy bomber force cor nsted of slightly over 200 aircraft. The U.S heavy bomber force strength was about 780. Today, the Soviet heavy bomber force is slightly under 200. U.S. heavy bomber strength had declined to about 550. T h e s e w e r e s o b e r i n g statements: in fact startling to me in both frankness and facts. Six years ago when I retired from the Navy, figures and statements such as these were "Top Secret " This new policy of the present Administration of disclosing such facts to the American people is worthy of the attention and commendation of all of our citizens It may be possible that a potential enemy will gain some additional knowledge, .but the probability is that these facts are known to his intelligence agencies already. They should, therefore, properly be known by all Americans Only if each citizen is aware of the threats to our security can he support with confidence a defense adequate to guarantee our continuing security I think most of us around that Cabinet table were deeply impressed by the seriousness of the President He had no cheerful smile after the first few minutes when he greeted us We recognized that he felt the facts were grim and that he was doing his best to present them as they appeared to him, without camouflage or softening The President left no doubt but that his objective is to restore and then to maintain peace, but he understands, perhaps better than any man in America today, that one does not achieve or maintain peace from a posture of weakness W.R. SMFDBFRC II! 'CIVII IIBFRTIES' - FOR WHOM? To iht Editor. Sir: There are times when one questions the very title of the American C i v i l Liberties League "Civil Liberties" for whom'* For all deserving citizens, or only those mavericks whose behavior a c t u a l l y constitutes civil abuse? I am referring to the League's offer of legal help for the six instructors who deserted their classrooms at Walt Whitman High School to join anti-war activities May 7 and 8 It seems to me that the people who re.ilh need protecting are the embattled administrators and (he untended students (who, b the wa, arc learning lessons lhey weren't sent to school for, when they watch teachers violate their contracts and defy administrative orders) Thank goodness there arc a few administrators left with courage enough to stand firm against the 'liberties" taken by self-styled liberals who put their extracurricular activities before classroom duties What private industry would tolerate such behavior? And the worst of it is that teaching is a "seasonal" occupation with only a limited number of days in the school year. Each day lost shortchanges the students and diminishes the quality of their education. If the instructors wish to protest, let them do it on their own time, not that of the students or the taxpayers. As a taxpayer, I resent such self-indulgence; and as a teacher, I consider it a disgrace to the profession. DR. ETHEL F. CORNWELL Professor of English 1335TaneyAve. Frederick, Md. 21701 APPLAUDS MRS. HH.L ANT) CLARK CLIFFORD To Ihr Editor. Sir: Please put me down as one who applauds your publication of Mrs. Billie Dennis Hill's letter on May 19, even though I know your editorial position differs greatly from her views I admit I had sometimes been wondering, myself, whether you had not recently been "slanting" your news coverage by underplaying and placement of stones -- more, it seemed, than you were doing in a more balanced period a Tew months ago. Could you possibly have been influenced unduly by what has seemed to many editors the Vice President's attempt to intimidate? That this was not so, I hoped and still prefer to believe. Other readers, objecting to Mrs. Hill's viewpoint and the assurance with which she makes her statements, seem to impugn her patriotism, as well as to make blanket denial of "her" points, as though they were hers alone. This seems to me unwarranted and unfair. In case you have not had time to read your LIFE for May 22 and it is hardly a radical (magazine 1 ), I am enclosing an article from it by Clark Clifford, pages 34-38. One cannot question either the patriotism or the knowledgeability of Mr. Clifford, advisor to three Presidents, obviously trusted by the R e p u b l i c a n fourth, a n d Secretary of Defense in 1968-69. He entitled his paper, "Set a date in Vietnam. Stick to it. Get out" He says, "I want very much" (as who of us does not?) "for the President of the United States to be wise, mature and to exercise good judgment . . ." Then he carefully states why, at this point, he "cannot remain silent" when the facts as he knows them have led him to change to a dissident opinion. He also makes positive suggestions as to what can be done. I keep seeing headlines and cartoons in contrast with their neighbors The LIFE cover, you notice, bills. "Clark Clifford on Vietnam Set a Date and Get Out," and below it, "OUR FORGOTTEN WOUNDED." Perhaps one should connect the two titles with the words, "so we can pay more attention to," and follow the whole with, "and other urgent, American, human problems " Also, on May 19 you printed another good Crawford cartoon -- the President, lost in a high- grass jungle of major problems, saying, "The Happy Middle Ground Must Be Around Here Somewhere." (Perhaps he needs an assist from Mr. Clifford.) If the placement of cartoon and Mrs. Hill's letter is subtly editorial, not accidental, it seems to me commendable -- on the editorial page, and if von do the same toward the extreme ad\ orates of thp opposite views. MARGARET B. RAWSON FoxiSSpy-Rt. 10 Frederick, Maryland JITUI EJECTED TAXPAYER \SIIAMEDOFFCTA To the Editor, Sir: Please put this letter in your paper this week for those concerned to re;Â»d. Knowing your 20 YtM* Ago JUNE M. I** DAVID IFERT Of ~~ .^IRnvriSmitiX wTSSTartvod ^Eatfand today torepre^attheUnttedSt^o.ta the Royal Show at OxfordooJtih/ 4. according to the University extension service. IN A LIGHT SESSION of Peike Court here Monday. MafHtnte Manuel M. Wetnburf. paida $1.M parking fine after flndfaf himself guihy. Two local men were incarcerated for ten days in lieu of posted bond. Another man was fined $5 for disturbing the peace. A HEAVY SHOWER around four o'clock in the afternoon forced the cancellation of what wa* going to be the first annual Frederick County Cub Scouts picnic in Baker Park, Cub scouts from Emmitsburg and Walkersviue showed up despite the cancellation and had their picnic. T H E R E C R E L A T I O N Commission of Frederick will begin its summer jjrogram with a training course and workshop for its leaders. The staff will meet at 10 a.m. today at Frederick High School. fairness to all, I'm sure you will do your best to comply with my request ATTENTION: Board of Education County Commissioners FCTA To Whom It May Concern: I would like to express my opinion on the events of May 27th, Budget Study Day. The action taken by the FCTA on May 27th was entirely u n n e c e s s a r y . As the Commissioners had already allotted adequate funds to the Board of Education, all the Board had to do was spend it wisely. Dr. Carnochan should not have closed the schools. la doing so he CONDONED THE TEACHERS' ACTIONS. _ My heartfelt thanks are given to the teachers who stayed at school to teach for the sake of teaching We do not need a raise in taxes; just a revaluation of our school board. Instead of raising the Superintendent's salary, let him live on his present salary and give his raise to the welfare of the students. The actions on the 27th and before, of both School Board and FCTA are enough to convince me that we need an elected Board. We also need to keep-a full scale c h e c k on both these organizations. I have been told that the teachers work 15 or 17 hours a day: the County Commissioners are on call 24 hours a day; the members of the Board of Education work full time on their own business plus the business of the School Board. The public should be aware of the time involved in these jobs and appreciate the efforts put forth Jjy those involved in our educational system. It should also clarify our need for a full time Elected School Board. I attended the Budget Day at the Armory: "Public Invited." I was immediately rejected by a group from one school (for the benefit of those who did not attend, they were in groups according to which school they represented) when I did not state if I was "for or against." Another group apologized for the behavior of the first group. I am ashamed of our FCTA and our School Board for using our students as a means to gain what they want They should be teaching students instead of catering to them as so many of them do now. I believe the Commissioners should not raise taxes: that instead, the School Board should balance their budget, cut administrative salaries and spread them into the educational program where they are needed. Wise spending should solve their problems. MRS. R.D.CARL Parent and Taxpayer RT.4 Frederick, Md. 21701 B A RB S Considering the present s t a t e of Manhattan, the question is moot whether the Indians made such a bad bargain in taking $24 worth of trinkets for the island. o Â· In the present society, one of the cardinal tins seems to be .gelling caught at whichever naughtiness you prefer, No, Gwendolyn, they don't call it the "drugstore" he- cause you can buy pot there.