The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin on January 14, 1962 · Page 14
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January 14, 1962

The Racine Journal-Times Sunday Bulletin from Racine, Wisconsin · Page 14

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Sunday, January 14, 1962
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TBB RACINE JOURNAL -TIMlBa Racine, Wisconsin Sunday, January 14, 1962 Outstanding Sin of Omission Of all the sins of the 1961-62 session of the Wisconsin Legislature, its greatest may turn out to be sins of omission. High among these can be listed its failure to adopt a fair and reasonable tax on Wisconsin banks. Nearly everyone in Wisconsin was aware, when the session started, that it would ha necessary to increase taxes. The iirincipk; subject of the long session u.i.-^ finding ways and means to find new .-our((-s of re\enue and levy taxes in such a was- that the tax burden was distributed as fairly as possible. The final compromise tax bill did make a fair distribution of taxes in new and old areas of fixation, but it al.so increased taxes in almost all areas. * * * It was a shocking omission then, to find that the tax bill failed to make any :-:Lrnifi(anl increase of taxes on banks, \'. iiicli li;id |)rc\ioiisly enjoyed a sheltered \.iK |io.-i!i(in. I ';\cn the .savings and loan in.-titiiiinii.--. which had al.so held a privileged position previously, were not ex- rnipted this time, and had their total t,ixe~ inereasod to about $700,000 a year. Taxes on bank income were raised a mere $100,000. In his last appearance before the Legislature, Gov. Gaylord Nelson pleaded with the two houses to take action to remedy this weakness in the tax bill. Less than four hours after the governor spoke, the majority of the Assembly cynically voted down a tax increase for banks. * * * The organized professional bankers of the state lobl)iefl frantically throughout the session to keep their privileged lax position, with full knowledge that other corporations in Wisconsin pay a high tax on their incomes which take more than half of corporate profits. Their lobbying was disgracefully succe.ssful, even after the Legislature had voted to increase taxes for almost everyone else. The high-pre.ssurc lobbying was certainly out of character for the bankers of this state. Professional bankers and bank directors are among the leading citizens of iheir home communities; banks are generally high level corporate citizens. V\'hat makes the bankers think that they can turn their Ijacks on the most funrlamental responsibility of citizens of the slate: paying a fair share of taxes for the support of stale government? A World Without War - - or Peace *ik>|i * ^1 Hi . , * * * Western Unity Called Key to Long Struggle They Should Tell JJs How The theme of "total victory over com- niiini.-m" rings out strongly these day.s' from some ef)nservative leaders and their supporters -especially the more vigorous right-wingers. .Arizona's Sen. Barry Goldvvatcr is one who sounds this call, and it was heard often at a recent "political action" gathering of righ-wing figures in Washington. I'Vir the most part, it is argued that any kinfi of stalemate or balance between i:,ist and West on the military, political and economic front is an intolerable po- .-iiion for the I'niteil Stales and its free 1 neiul.i. * + * The "total victory" advocates contend that to contemplate suc-h a condition of Maleniate is defeatist, and in fact a form of a[)pea.sement. 'I"he publication "Human Events," wbicli ."sponsored tiie right-wing Wasli- ington meeting, declares: "The danger to this countrv draws elo,-;er and dormer. Sonie day c.ilamitou.s event.s will foi-ee deei,-,ioiis ba<ed on bard, li-uel realil i''; " 'ihe nature <if these deeisif)ns is not defined. S<>r do Iho.-e who call for total I rushing of cfjiiimunisiii specify exactly uh.it this means or how it is to bo aehicN cd. N'o oi)en advocacy of war is heard, though on occasion some right-wing conservatives do appear to spon.sor particular "limited" military adventures—such as in Cuba or Laos—which might conceivably flare into general nuclear combat unrlor some conditions. Some critics of the right-wing viewpoint on this issue .say that use of military force to achieve "total victory" is implicit in the whole argument. The critics do not see how purely political and economic pressures against communism can readily aecomi)lish this purpose. * * * There probably is not a free man alive who would not like to .see communism t)anished from the earth. Eliminating it would not wipe out all the world's troubles, but it would cut them down remarkably. If the nation's militant conservatives have a s|)ecific program, short of war, for the attainment of that ol)jective, they shniild l.iy it before the .American people in fullest detail. To the extent that its element.s were sound, no president of the I'nited States could easily ignore il. Hut merely stating the goal is not (mough. You do not win the game just by saying over and over that it must be won. (Editor's Note — Following are excerpts of a speech given Thursday night by Walter Lippmann before the Women's National Press CJub in Washington.) By Walter Lippmann The age we are living in is radically new in human experience. During the past 15 years or so there has occurred a profound revolution in human affairs, and we are the first generation that has lived under these revolutionary new conditions. There has taken place a development in the art of war, and this is causing a revolutionary change in the foreign relations of all the nations of the world. The radical development is, of course, the production of nuclear weapons. The essential fact about the appearance of two opposed great powers armed with nuclear weapons is that war, which is an ancient habit of mankind, has become mutual iy destructive. Nuclear war is a way of mutual suicide. The modern weapons are not merely much bigger and more dangerous than any which existed before. They have introduced into the art of warfare a wholly new kind of violence. Always in the past, war and the threat of war, whether it was aggressive or defensive, were usable instruments. They were usable instruments in the sense that nations could go to war for their national purposes. They could threaten war for diplomatic reasons. Nations could transform themselves from petty states to great powers by means of war. They could enlarge their territory, acquire profitable colonies, change the religion of a vanquished population, all by means of war. War was the instrument with which the social, political and legal systems of large areas WALTER LIPPMANN not be decided by a war that could be won, and they cannot be settled by a treaty that can be negotiated. There, I repeat, is the root of the frustration which our people feel, bur world Is divided as it has not been since the religious wars of the 17th Century and a larger part of the globe is in a great upheaval, the like of which has not been known since the end of the Middle Ages. But the power which used to deal with the divisions and conflicts of the past, namely organized war, has become an impossible instrument to use. President Eisenhower and President Kennedy are the only two American .presidents who ever lived in a world like this one. It is a great puzzle to know how to defend the nation's rights, and how to promote its inter-| ests in the nuclear age. There are no clear guidelines of action because there are no precedents for the situation in which we find ourselves. And as statesmen grope their way from one improvisation and accommodation to an- were changed. Thus, in thejother, there are masses of and the Communist society. l£ is often said that the struggle which divides the world is for the njinds and the souls of men. That is true. As long as there exists a balance of power and of terror, neither side can impose its doctrine and its ideology upon the other. The struggle for the minds of men, moreover, is not, I believe, going to be decided by propaganda. We are not going to convert our adversaries, and they are not going to convert us. The struggle, furthermore, is not going to be ended in any foreseeable time. At bottom it is a competition between two societies and it resembles more than any other thing in our historical experience the long centuries of Christendom and Islam. The I modem competition between the two societies turns on their respective capacity to become powerful and rich, to become the leaders in science and technology, to see that their people are properly educated and able to operate such a society, to keep their people healthy, and to give them the happiness of knowing that they are able and free to work for their best hopes. The World in Focus African States Threaten War to Liberate Colonies By William R. Frye jhave long been sitting on a into old days before the nuclear age began, war was a usable —however horrible and expensive—instrument of national purpose. The reason for that was that the old wars could be won. But from a full nuclear war, which might well mean 100 million dead, after the devastation of the great urban centers of the northern Hemisphere and the contamination of the earth, the water and the air, there would be no such recovery as we have seen after the' two World Wars of century. The damage done would be animutual. There would be no people who are frightened, irritated, impatient, frustrated and in search of quick and easy solutions. Those Who Would Fight War Live in Past The poor dears among us who say that they have had enough of all this talking and negotiating and now let us drop the bomb, have no idea Western Community Survives on Strength The historic rivalry of the two societies, and of the two civilizations which they contain, "is not going to be decided by what happens on the periphery and in the outposts. It is going to be decided by what goes on in the heart of each of the two societies. The heart of Western civilization lies on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, and our future depends on what goes on in the Atlantic Community. Will this Community advance? Can the nations which compose it work together? Can it become a great and secure center of power and of wealth, of light and of leading? To work for these ends is to be engaged truly in the great conflict of our age, and to be doing the real work that we are challenged to do. I speak with some hope and confidence tonight. For I believe that in the months to come we shall engage ourselves in the long and complicated, but splen-! Reading a Columnist's Mail Regarding Future of Point Lighthouse Dear Tex: The article on Wind Point Lighthouse in the January 10 issue of The Journal-Times was somewhat vague in its interpretation of the U.S. Coast Guard's position. In a Jan. 4, 1962 letter from Admiral A. C. Richmond, Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard, to Congressman H. C. Schadeberg, the Admiral stated: "At the present time Wind Point Light is an attended light. Future plans call for making this station automatic with resident personnel no longer in attendance. In the event any property is declared excess after this modernization, the Park Board and Park Commissioners of the City of Racine will be included in the list of interested parties forwarded to the General Services Administration with the declaration of excess. It is, however, noted that the light itself will be continued as a Coast Guard aid to navigation and therefore will not be declared excess." This official statement is important and reassuring, and surely of interest to our community. —GORDON R. WALKER * * * Faith, Hope in God's Plan With Tex Reynolds panic and terror would reign;no living mortal or thing would remain. So, why must we bury ourselves in the ground in a fallout shelter when all around there would be destruction, ruin and decay, for all this would mark the end of our day. Why shall we fear at the thought of this thing, of all that may 'be happening? Let us hold to some faith and hope in the morrow; let us not be daunted by suffering and sorrow. For the One who really rules over us all, who knows when the lowly sparrow shall fall, is omnipotent still, His purposes clear, no deviltry of man shall destroy His sphere. Let those who think they will prey on the weak, who threaten the world with the power they seek, understand, that in the survival of man, the evil shall perish; this is God's plan. For it shall be the meek who inherit His land; mercy sfiall be given upon His command. Peacemakers shall be called the children of God. We shall be led by His staff and His rod. Let us not tremble if the wicked oppress, for He shall not leave us comfortless. Cling to our faith, rejoice, do not fear, for God still watches over His children here. —A CITIZEN * * * Woman Driver Dear Tex: The fallout shelter is now the topic of the day. Every human is filled with dismay at the thought of megatons falling on us, our daily living made hazardous. The Reds are boasting of the bombs they have made; now they think they have made the whole world afraid. They want to own the earth and the people on it and they expect every human being to submit to their idealogies and idiosyncrasies with complete abandon and with ease. But in threatening the whole'ing mother with a little girl is world with demolition, they! in sad need of household fur- will destroy themselves with'niture of all kinds, and a stove Thankful for Aid Dear Tex: Could I use space to say "Thank You" to the person who gave me a push when I was stalled Tuesday morning at the corner of Wright Ave. and West Blvd.? 1 want him to know I appreciate it very much. —A WOMAN DRIVER (Wouldn't you know?) ^ ^ Help-Others-Dept. Dear Tex: A very deserv- their own ammunition. The fallout shelter would be little protection from megatons falling from every direction. The people would and refrigerator. She is unable to work because of ill health. Any one in a position to help may call ME 4-3535. —MRS. DORIS CUSIC of what they are talking didly constructive, task of; about. They do not know bringing together in one lib- what has happened in the-eral and pro gressive commu- past 20 years. They belong tojnity all the trading nations this the past, and they have not been able to realize what a nuclear war would be. Only a moral idiot with a suicidal mania would press the button for a nuclear war. that such as Portugal awareness that in the 20thivictor. As far in the future as Century they cannot cling to,!we can see, the ruin would their old privileges without|be irreparable. The United;Yet we have learned touching off explosions, as States has the nuclear powerjwhile a nuclear war would be in Goa and Angola. Portugal to reduce Soviet society to|lunacy, it is nevertheless an has boasted to the U.N. Se-a smoldering ruin, leavingjever-present possibility. Why? curity Council that its colon-the wretched s u r v i v o r S| Because, however lunatic it ial policy has not changed an shocked and starving and might be to commit suicide, UNITiaJ NATIONS, N. Y.— P»wcler keg whicji would cer-ij^jg ^.^^^ jg^^ Century diseased. In an interchangeja nation can be provoked and of nuclear weapons, it .is esti-!exasperated to the point of or pressure anticolonial countries into using peaceful! means for liberation. fertain crusading A rican tamly be touched off in such , ... , , , , , and never wi . Slates, encouraged by India s i»n event. v«i/ur(! of Goa, arc mapping Certain far-sighted U.N. an Afri( an anticolonial war diplomats are attempting to I 'l 'hlierate" Angf.la, Rho- head off the disaster, firsti disia, Smith West Afnr.i. and by a proce.s.s of education and; 'lihcr smaller terriloMes, it second by a series of propos- h,iK hein learned here als to modernize and stream- (ihan.i, Cluinea. the l.'nited 'me 'he li.N.'.s peacemaking! Af.ili l<!c|juhhe. .Muroecn, and machinery. '•1 di an- anions the piineipal I'niled (•'•.|i(iiii'ne, III dhev h.iM' A! 11( .m mated coolly by experts who;lunacy where 4. Means to jolt, persuade,'have studied it, the Sovietlsystem cannot Union would kill between 30 and 70 million Americans. A war of that kind would not be followed by recon- One thing the U.N. should struction. it would not be tury. The nerves of a nation! be better prepared to do, followed by a Marshall Plan.jcan stand only so much prov by all the constructive'ocation and humiliation, ana its nervous endure inaction, where only violence can relieve its feelings. This is one of the facts of life in the middle of the Twentieth Cen which do not belong to the Communist society. I dare to believe that this powerful Western economic community will be able to live safely and without fear in the same world as the, time to time to Soviet Union, and that the;remind them W. W. Bauer, M.D. Test Your Drinking Habits; Are They Dangerous? Because so many of our want to quit, and to be will- fellow citizens are having ing to admit that he cannot problems with alcoholism,|do it without help. AA does either in themselves or in:not consider alcoholism a members of their families, it seems worthwhile from rising power and influence of the Western society will exert a beneficent magnetic attraction upon Eastern Europe. This will happen if we approach it in the right way. Jean Monnet, who is the original founder of this movement, has put it the right way. "We cannot build our future," he has said, "if we are obsessed with fear of Russia. Let us build our own strength and health not against any, ano^one, but for ourselves so that|requirement for membership Its, it;we will become so strong thatlis many feel, is to step into a and by all the States delegate colony and in effect govern things that were done after beyond the tolerable lim ,)„, pi,,„ Adlai i: Steven.son long has it during the transition to full World War II. A nuclear war will plunge into lunacy. Thisino one will dare attack us Iniine.l an "all warned of the critical danger,independence. Such a capac- would be followed hy a is as much a real fact as is and so progressive and pros- -nei,.! Maff com- inherent in the disintegration,dy would help accomplish all savage struggle for existence,;the megaton bomb, and it isjperous that we set a model for all other peoples, indeed of one ever- present and ever-r e a d y help, always on hand. A 1 c 0 holies Anonymous describes itself as "a fellowship of men and worhen who share their ex- Dr. Bauer disgrace, but recognizes it as a misfortune—indeed, a disease in the true sense of the word. Among its many fine qualities is that AA gives you a chance to help other alcoholics when you have reached the point where you are ready to do so. Above all, as I can testify from personal contacts, though I am not a member, AA isn't a collection of stuffy theorists who don't know from experience what alcohol- penence srength and hopejism means. They are good with each other that they may scouts and regular fellows solve their common problem^l.o don't drink, and don't and help others to recover from alcoholism. The only posed ol hirh raiikuii; military of colonial empires. No utficers from national armed P'rt' in history ever em- has four of the aijove objectives, as the survivors crawled out a fact which must be given The U.N. would require a of their shelters, and the great weight in the calcula- ucre wantr'd hv the i; N. furhas resulted comP^^UngX;^-;;^;^-^-^ military lis Conu') o[)eration, but were forces have rushed in to idl j-^j. (hem. It does not ^''•'P- t'^yiiR t" keep forces. Certain of these Afri-broken up peacefully, he lias|^^,^g^g ^jJ3, ^j^^^ trouble-1American Republic would tion of national policy. It is <.,n generals and n-lonels pointed out; in each case. warj^j^Q^jg^g ^^^^^^ ^j^^ have to be replaced by a the central fact in the whole dictator-jdiplomatic problem of deal- pay for them. It does not ^'"U. ^'a^'K f^cep some;ing with the cold war. There ,s,.,d to he too busy with their tlic vacuum. . at present have either. The kind of order among the.is a line of intolerable provo- p-neral staff woik Ihis is essentially what is y^i ^g^ ^^^^^^ others.^desperate survivors. jcation beyond which reac Th. , Man to drive white happening in the Congo. In i^^s urge that it get them, r-,,!,^^^, r jtions become uncontrollable, rulers on. of Africa is very a .sense, it also explains Al-^^ ^ J ElSCnhoWer SoW business of the gov- nnuh 0, ih- ro.oon stage It geria, Angola, (..an. and New; Issues for Session T/jreot of Nuc/eor Wor ernments to find out where p.ohahi.' IS hitle more than (Aiinea In each case, old; Temporary U.N. govern-. V that line is, and to stay well « ontiiu'eiKV planning. Wheth-empires are breaking up and;ment would provide a face-; his great credit, Presi-; 53^.1^ ^ f! It could e\er he militarily new forces, directly or indi-isaving way out for the more dent Eisenhower was quick' Those who do not under- feasihi.' is open to question redly, are coming in to takelenlightened colony - owning to realize what nuclear war'stand the nature of war in Chinese, Hu.ssian Aid their place - to the accom-countries which are willing hp After nnH PHmplthe nuclear age, those who Nevertheless, the threat is paniment of violence. ;(o release their holdings but being taken seriously by The U.N. is trying desper- which have nailed themselves ^1 • " " « l e r in.my i; .\'. diplomats, espe- ately to fill the vacuum in ( Q the thesis in some cases Churchill had M.dly in the light of Hed the Congo and prevent a di-perfectly valid—that the col- studied some ( huia's proclaimed thirst for rect East-West clash. It has ony is not "ready." of the results ' v.ars of hberation" and Hus- cased the transition to indc- r , -as VMll,nj.'ness t<; support pendence for 10,500,000 peo- '"Hand has already urged of the nuclear i^:.m. Ihe' African .states ple in trust territories, and is "^^'-'^ " solution for New tests, P r c s i- niost aitive in the war plan- readying others. Hut the I. an are among thfise con- problem is by no means • cered furthest left in their solved. a solution for New tests, (iuinea. Eventually the more dent L 1 s e n- rigid colonial rulers may fee! hower m a d e obliged to follow suit. political orientation. It is noted that Ghana has been importing weapons in t I) e historic d e c I a ration that there is no longer any ;think that war today is what it was against Mexico or Spain or in the two World Wars regard the careful attempts of statesmen not to for the Russians themselves. You will have seen that I do not agree with those who think that in order to defend ourselves and to survive we must put a stop to the progressive movement which has gone on throughout this century. This movement began in the administration of Theodore Roosevelt. Its purpose was to reform and advance our own social order, and at the same time to recognize that we must live in the world beyond our frontiers. We shall lose all our power to cope with our prob- Looking Backward 40 YEARS AGO Jan. 14, 1922 — Maximum 41; Minimum 6. The Racine populace received good news in the form of a cut in light rates when the Wisconsin Gas & Electric Co., announced a 10 per cent reduction in rates. Gas was not affected. The City Council learned that the roof of the City Hall was badly in need of repair. 30 YEARS AGO Jan. 14, 1932 — Maximum 54; Minimum 32. Walter A. Peirce, superin- the tolerable limit as weak-'dous people. Let us not piin-j be^a long way off, or it may tendent of the Racine Water ness and softness and ap-1ish ourselves by denying our-ibe close by. iDepartment, was named peasement. It is not any ofjgelves the hope, by deprivingl ]. Do you crave a drink at'chairman of the West Shore IS an honest desire to stop drinking." This organization is unique in many ways. It has no dues or fees. It is not connected with any denomination, sect, political group, organization, or institution. It is not pushing a "cause," nor opposing any. It does not wish to engage in any controversy. It is not "dry" in the political sense. It is concerned strictly with the sobriety of its own adherents, whose life experience has shown that for them, alcohol is a poison. Ten Questions Here are 10 questions suggested by AA to help you decide whether your use of alcohol is approaching the danger stage. If you answer lems if we allow ourselves;these with a "Yes," you need to become a stagnant, neu-;to stop and consider the jcarry the provocation past|rotic, frightened, and suspi-;possible future. Trouble may! care whether you do or not, so long as you are not an alcoholic. Help in Transition ^"nie anticolonialists, too, What are needed are: ff"" "le'r part, might be pre- 1. Means to reconcile what pared to accept U.N. tutelage, bubstantial quantities in re-'otherwise would be irreconcil-iP^rformed with tact and cent months. It is also noted able: the determination ofisubtlety, as a device to ease ^ It'is intoler-jother way ( that Red China has been^most colonies to be free-out the colonial power. There ^""^"^^^^^^^^^^ these things. It is not softness. It is sanity. But it leaves us with a task:|are making a better society'and sneak extras? Eisenhower ; because we cannot make war, Ion this earth than has ever alternative to peace. |because we cannot achievcbeen made before. It is enormously difficult peace, we must find some of is an immense problem of pride, but most Africans have confidence that the U.N. would act in their interests e to make war about the funda-;S real issues mental issues. which confront That is where our contem-'us. Forlifewill porary frustration and con- go on, and if active in certain parts of;immediately. regardless of Africa, among other things readiness fur self-rule; and training native saboteurs and!the stake of the world com- terronsts. 'munity in minimum stability But at present their fanatic and order. The wrjrld cannot ""<^ release its responsibilities '{^j^,^,^ orininate. the answers of determination to get rid of afford many more Congos. soon as feasible. l^^i^^ jj^^ g^. the past do not colonialism has blinded Ihem^ 2. Means to protect infant: The 104-nation General As can see into the f::ture, we work, other to virtually all else. states from Communist sub-isenibly, which reconvenes to- shall be living between war answers must version, bringing in its turn morrow, will have peacemak- and peace, between a war exist and must Western counteraction — andjing in the colonies and steps that cannot be fought and a be found. See Race Conflict African "wars of liberation" could quickly take on nasty asp€Ct%pf race conflict The the danger of war. 3. Means to jolt, persuade. wiuta Jwlers of South Africa or pressure Q&lonial countries der of business. W to strengthen the U.N. as the;peace that cannot be The answer lies, 1 believe, two principal items on Its or-jachieved. The great Issues In the nature of the struggle ourselves of the oldest Amer-|a definite time each day? Water ^^o^^J^L^^^^^^^ ican dream, which is that wej 2. Do you gulp your dnnks, a^^aj| annual ^business meet 20 YEAis AGO Jan. 14, 1942 — Maximum 38; Minimum 26. Receiving honor awards at Washington Park High School for superior academic records Do You Know Q—What does the scallop I shell symbolize? i A—The voyage, the journey, the quest. 3. Do you drink to escape worry and fight the blues? 4. Do you drink to relieve feelings of inadequacy? 5. Do you drink when overtired, to "brace up?" 6. Is drinking affecting your peace of mind? Kennedy were Robert Fisher, Jack Z", ^oi,ina vA .,r!Evans, Stanley Zupek, Carol 7. Is dr.nk.ng n^aking your, . Frances Skinner. Q _ Who%*ses sidereal '^°-p'fy;;f^^^^^^^^ Rhodes • , !r and Dolores Enckson. • Hodick High School students who were recipients of A—Astronomers. n ^ • r ^ t * 9. Do you require a drink Q—What is the source of the next morning? which divide the world c#- between our Western society the word "alphabet"? A—It comes from "alpha" and "Ijrta," first two letters of the%reek alphabet 10. Do you lose time from work due to drinking? AA doesr^ press its services on anjifene. One has to awards for academic achievement included Don Cooks, Robert Holding, Frank Ruzicka Jr. and Bertha Shapiw.

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