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LuBBOCKAvAiANCHE-JOURNAL s/ ~N P. 0. Bat «1. Lt&ttck. Tt»s 7MM <Mwninf Edition) "Sum Tt» D»)f On TV Souih PUiM" tic* on Sundjy only, wilh Ubbock AvaUncht-Journj). Evenin* Edition. by Soinhwnten) rttwspjjxrt Conwralioo. w in buildini »1 lih .. Kull Ittied *ir« c| The Awocijltd Pr«si ind Umled Preij [ntfmitionjt. ROBERT R. NORR1S Vice Pr«idtm- Getiw il Minafer J. C. RICKMAN Buiintu Manager OUR PLEDGE We pM(e iMeiUaet to tne Ft»i of tbe Vailed Slatea ftf Atnrrica ti to Ike RepHbUc lor »ikh it madi; one NalloA, uAder Cbd, 4i>ilit!t, «ita Ubeny ^ Juitict lor til. DAVID E. KNAPP Executive Editor BliRLE PETTIT Managing Editor CAIU, N. CANNON Advettuuif Director JAY HARRIS Editor KENNETH MAY Associate Editor ROBERT C. McVAY Circulation Manager Page 4, Section A Lubbock, Texas, Tuesday Morning, April 8,1975 'Dominoes' Sway In The Wind FOR THOSE who have argued about the "Domino Theory" as it applies to Southeast Asia, the argument is now more or less academic. It also is a plus factor for those who argued that there is grounds for the theory and proves those who maintained otherwise •wrong. At stake, however, has been and still is much more than "who won the argument." The lives of countless thousands of South Vietnamese and Cambodians, not to mention the prestige and future of the U.S. in Southeast Asia, also at stake. WHEN THE U.S. first got involved in Southeast Asia in an effort to keep the Communists from toppling one government after another, ranting peaceniks in the streets and doves in the Congress tried to pass off the South Vietnam war as a civil strife. "It is only a war between the same people," went one argument. "We have no business interfering with internal affairs." went another. "And it is silly to think that what happens in South Vietnam can affect Cambodia or Thailand," went another. Now, as terror grips fleeing thousands in South Vietnam and Cambodia reels, those arguments have a hollow echo against the drumbeat of onrushing Red hordes. THE "HANDWRITING is oathe wall" for both Saigon and Phnom Penh. But what of Thailand. Malaysia, the Philippines? Well, the answers are already coming in. Thailand's new civilian government had not been in office but two days when it indicated its willingness to make "new "accommodations" with Peking and Hanoi to, as the story put it, "save itself from the fate of South Vietnam and Cambodia." This assumption itself, of course, is fallacious. But, the point here is that in making that "accommodation," Thailand has moved to demand the withdrawal of the 25,000 U.S. troops and 350 warpJanes from its bases, •within a year and to seek full diplomatic ties \vith both Peking and Hanoi. NOTING THE latest moves, a Western observer remarked: "Thais are remarkable diplomats. The old Course In Defense THIS IS "National Defensive Driving Week" and, for those who wish, it can be a week very well spent. Information about an $8 eight-hour defensive driving course may be obtained by calling the city's traffic safety coordinator at City Hall. Other groups, including the local unit of the National Retired Teachers Association, also will be offering the courses, which may qualify a person for a 10 per cent discount on liability insurance rates. More importantly, learning how to drive defensively may save you from a serious ac- cident,C.C. Perryman, coordinator for the NRTA's course, points out.. We especially hope the course is taken by "the other guy"—the one who causes all those wrecks on city streets and highways. ART RVCHWALD: saying is that they bend like bamboo in the wind. Well, we know which way the wind is blowing now, and there is no alternative..." Back when the wind in Indochina was blowing from Washington, the Thais were staunchly pro-American and anti- Communist. And. although it may have been a "marriage of convenience," both the U.S... and Thailand benefitted. THE "BENDING of the bamboo" apparently does not stop in Thailand. As early as March 17, following Thailand's "request" for the U.S. to leave over a period of time, President Ford himself — commenting directly on the "Domino Theory" — said he had been informed that President Marcos of the Philippines was reviewing that nation's relations .with the U.S. And on Sec. of State Henry Kissinger's recent and ill-fated journey to the Mideast, a top Syrian official, taking notice of Congress' refusal to okay further aid for South Vietnam, commented that not only would we abandon our friends in Southeast Asia, but eventually Israel. THE DOMINO THEORY is no longer theory. It is an established fact. The fuzzy-headed thinking of politicians, entertainers and the ragtag "peaceniks" who have warm, comfortable homes to return to, has now come ' full circle. It's too late to South Vietnam, Cambodia, perhaps even Thailand eventually. But. how about the Philippines? Taiwan? Some nation in South America, Panama? Far fetched? Well, maybe so. After all, those who argued against the Domino Theory have said all along those "nice guys" in Hanoi are just out to help "unite" peoples of the world and that they would never, never violate a Peace Agreement. A Tragic Loss ANOTHER TRAGIC event in South Vietnam has been added to the series of shocks now arousing sympathy and concern in the United States and around the world. The heart-warming movement of Vietnamese orphans to new homes, or the first in their lives, in this country was given a sad start with the crash of a huge C5A transport plane in which scores of children and a number of escorts and crew members were killed or injured. Despite the setback, nothing is likely to impair seriously the fulfilling of the desire of thousands of Americans to provide a new life for the homeless children. President Ford has announced that flights will continue. Some doubts have been expressed about the wisdom of using C5As, the largest planes in the world. And there have been questions about the need for seemingly hurried flights. As these flights continue, every precaution should be taken to make sure that whatever planes are used are in perfect condition and that life-sustaining equipment for all aboard is available. There is no certain insurance against tragedy, but it should be made as unlikely as is humanly possible. Blame In White House Has To Be Allocated \VASHINGTON-Evnry morning the President meets with his chief aides to decide who !:hey are going to blame for anything that went wrong.' It is a very important meeting becausi;, when you allocate blame in the White House, you have to make sure it doesn't backfire on you. The sessions go something like this. "Things are going very bad in South Vietnam. Who are we going to blame for it?" "Congress, of course, Mr. President." "BUT WE BLAMED Congress for losing the war in Cambodia. Can we also blame them for the retreats in Vietnam?" "Certainly, Mr. President. Don't forget the domino theroy. If we blame Congress for one •domino falling we can blame them for the next one and so on." "Okay, Ror, you can announce today Congress is responsible for Thieu losing Hue, Quang Tri and Da Nang." "Any particular senator or representative, Mr. President?" "No, I think we should blame them as a group. If we start naming names we'll only offend somebody." "ALL RIGHT, now we come to Portugal. Who do we blame for Portugal going to the left?" "Why don't we blame the Soviet Union?" "That could hurt detente. We have a deal with the Soviets that we don't blame them for anything and they don't blame us for anything. If we start blaming them for Portugal they'll start blaming us for Chile." "I'd like to talk about inflation, Mr. President. Who should we blame for inflation today?" "Congress?" "We blamed them yesterday, sir." "I forgot that. What about the American people? If they didn't consume so much energy, we would be able to lick inflation." "That's a good idea, Mr. President. We haven't blamed the American people in over a month for anything." "WHAT ABOUT the budget deficit?" "That's no problem. We blame the Democrats for that." "Right. Now we get on to the Middle East. Who do we blame for- the breakdown in the negotiations?" "Israel. I will say that if Israel had given a little more and was willing to accept a little less we would now probably have an agreement in the Middle East. How does that sound to you, Henry?" "That's fine. While you're saying that, I will say that no one is to blame for the failure of my talks. In that way the Israelis can't get too mad at us." "Is there anything else we have to blame somebody for?" "We have the problem of the CIA involvement with Howard Hughes." , "THAT'S EASY. We blame the media for reporting it and jeopardizing our national security." "Who do we blame for your low popularity showi'ig in the polls?" "We could blame the problems of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations which I inherited and am trying to deal with forthrightly and to the best of my ability." "That's good. One last item. We had a $900 million trade surplus this month — the best showing this year." "I think I better take the blame for that myself. After all I'm the President of the United States and, as Harry Truman said, 'The buck stops here.' " HENRY J. TAYLOR: Hero Still Is Hated ^T^^^^^^S^tfeij; ^~ ''•:!'-^ : '* ; ; ' : <^r^ w "- -'.\-i ,v.-. •"•".- ^^ir,tttrJi f i• Ya 1 -. ff'te,tf~~^ ROWLAND EVANS & ROBERT NOVAK; Lisbon Uses 'Big Lie* WASHINGTON - Continuing the chilling techniques by which Portugal's Communist- leaning regime is systematically undermining U.S. influence, the weekly Lisbon news magazine "Vida Mundial" has cunningly linked an anti-CIA MARIANNE MEANS: It'sReally Demotion WASHINGTON - President Ford's sudden shift of Secretary of Interior Rogers Morton to the Commerce Department was a political kick downward, and it means that Morton's influence over energy policy is already slipping away. Morton's performance as the Administration's chief energy spokesman has been a disappointment to the White House. He had terrified Western state officials by pressing for a vast program of tapping the .region's coal reserves without much apparent concern for the negative environmental impact. He had irritated the President by publicly supporting a big increase in the federal gasoline tax at a time the President was publicly opposing such an increase. HE LOOKED foolish by announcing the government would proceed with bids for offshore oil drilling while the Supreme Court was still pondering the question of whether the states of the federal government owned the rights to such offshore resources. And he had been severely criticized by Sen. Henry Jackson and others for moving too slowly to encourage greater drilling for oil and digging for coal. The seashore environmental alliance recently accused him of a conflict of interest because his brother, former Sen. Thruston Morton, is on the board of directors of an oil company that has leased acreage in the federal waters of the Gulf of Mexico. THE WHITE House fibbed about the reason for its transfer of Morton from one Cabinet post to a lesser one. Press Secretary Ron Nessen described the move as a promotion, claiming that the President wanted Morton to be in a better position to spur private industry to develop so-called exotic fuels from coal. But highly reliable sources inside the White House indicate the President wanted to get Morton out of the energy business. They have been friends since they met 12 years ago as GOP congressional colleagues, and Ford did not wish to embarrass him. Hence the Commerce opening seemed like a perfect solution. Morton was given no choice in the matter. "This white House doesn't like to fire people," a plainspoken staffer explained. Morton will temporarily remain as chairman of the Energy Resources Council. But the power over administration of energy programs will now shift to his successor at Interior. THE COMMERCE post is such a dog that speculation immediately arose that Morton will really be occupying his time there as Maurice Stans used to do, privately raising funds among businessmen for tho next Presidential campaign. But Stans got into a lot of legal trouble for those efforts. And White House aides acknowledge that the role of Secretary of Commerce is not going to be synonymous any more with chief fundraiser "after what happened." The Commerce post is the least important and least effective in the entire Cabinet. Over the years it has been stripped of all significant functions and dreams. Knowledgeable businessmen don't deal with Commerce, when they want something done; they deal directly with Congress, the White House, or the Department that has authority over their particular problem. THE COMMERCE Department has the responsibility for encouraging American tourism, overseeing the Census Bureau, coordinating regional economic development commissions, keeping economic statistics, and encouraging international trade and small businesses. It also contains under its umbrella the Maritime Administration, the National Bureau of Standards and the Patent Office. Undoubtedly all are worthy governmental enterprises. But hardly where the action is. Commerce is, in fact, the perfect spot to put a distinguished but out-of-favor official to pasture. NOVAK U.S. Congressman to charges that the U.S. embassy has become a CIA haven. Tucked into the March 27 article was the implication — totally untrue — that Rep. Michael Harrington of Massachusetts leaked to the magazine a list of all U.S. personnel assigned to the U.S. embassy in Portugal since the April, 1974, revolution overthrew 40 years of right-wing dictatorship. SINCE PLAYING a major role in uncovering classified information, later leaked to the press, which revealed covert CIA activities in Chile, Democrat Harrington has been the CIA's most prickly congressional hairshirt. By portraying so prominent an American liberal as a conduit to the Communist-controlled Portuguese press, the new far-left militarist regime in Lisbon attempts to claim — and display — support within the respectable American left. That, in turn, reflects how important total control of the press in Lisbon has been in guiding Portugal on its tragic leftward path. Publishing what it called the "list" of American personnel posted to the embassy after the April revolution, Vida Mundial said its'"list" was identical to the "list" that was "provided by the State Department to Rep. Harrington's office in December 1974." TESTIFYING LAST November to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee against the nomination of Frank Carlucci as ambassador to Portugal, Harrington made the sensational but preposterous charge that the embassy after the revolution was stacked with CIA agents and other intelligence specialists. To try to prove his accusation, Harrington then asked the State Department to supply him with a list of all personnel sent to Lisbon after April. But Harrington did not follow up the request. His statement to us that neither he nor his office ever received such a list is fully supported by the State Department. INDEED. Harrington, while an intransigent foe of the CIA, is no admirer of Portugal's new leftist regime. He told us the "deliberate, planned disruption" of center parties "by forces under the internal discipline of the Communist party" gravely concerns him. Such criticism from the American left, however, finds no place in the controlled Lisbon press. Harrington was used for one reason: having placed himself in the vanguard of the attack on CIA intervention in the internal politics of Chile and other nations under Communist political siege, he becomes a foil for the sinister forces seemingly on the verge of consolidating Communist power in NATO ally Portugal. THE COMMUNIST-conlrolIed press has become a vital weapon in this totalitarian takeover-marking a significant change between Portugal (with its 40-year tradition of totalitarianism) and events following the left takeover of Chile (which had a strong parliamentary tradition). The Soviet Union, which played and lost the high-stakes game in Chile, is known to hold the uncontrolled Chilean press at least partially responsible for the overthrow of Marxist President Salvador Allende. THE MISTAKE is not being repeated in Portugal, where the far left totally regulates what people hear and read. Accordingly, the U.S. and particularly the CIA are painted in ugly colors with no. rebuttal possible. An article in the March 27 edition of "Diaria de Noticias" charged that the U.S. embassy and other American outlets in Portugal have been packed with "hundreds of functionaries" by the CIA. The afternoon "A Capital" on March 3 smeared Carlucci as an "agent and strategist for the CIA" who has made his embassy "a CIA base." The U.S., it also said, "is blocking Portuguese efforts to secure foreign credits" (though President Ford asked and the Congress last week appropriated $20 million in Portugal aid). THE WORST lie published in the Vida Mundial article charged that Carlucci himself had been a CIA agent in the U.S. embassy in Chile (where he has never been assigned). Little wonder, then, that the U.S. finds itself powerless to counter the fast-paced threat of a Communist takeover in Portugal, and that left-of- center American politicians such as Rep. Harrington find themselves used as cat's-paws along the way. FAMOUS WRITER Mihajlo Mihajlov, Yugoslavia's leading man of letters and widely respected here, has been sentenced to seven years in jail by Belgrade judge Dragomire Cvetkovic. Said the judge, a : n out-and-out stooge'of Tito: "This serves as a lesson to him." Mihajlov had written in praise of the World War II role in Yugoslavia of Gen. Draza Mihajlovic, Tito's main opponent. I knew Mihajlovic well and the truth remains largely untold. Honor the brave! BEHIND THE scenes, led by able Ivone A. Kirkpatrick, the British Foreign Office forcefully counseled Prime Minister Winston Churchill to support anti-Communist Mihajlovic and his fiery band of Yugoslav patriots called Tchetnitsi. Instead, Churchill listened to an obscure young British Army captain named Fitzroy McLean who had been parachuted into Yugoslavia. Unu- qestionably, this was under typical pressure from Stalin. McLEAN ADVISED backing Communist Tito. Valiant Serb Mihajlovic — who fought against the Austrians when 15, against the Turks when 17, against the Bulgarians when IB and always against the Nazi invaders — was sold down the river. It was Mihajlovic who gave the Allied forces time to reach North Africa from England and the United States before German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's reinforcements could reach his Tobruk supply center for the Battle of El Alamein. MIHAJLOVIC WAS responsible for the turning point of the war. Churchill himself later wrote: "Before Ala- mein we never had a victory. After Alamein we never had a defeat." Rommel, in turn, reports in "The Rommel Papers:" "Alamein turned the tide. It was the turning point in the whole vast struggle." . In Yugoslavia were the only fighting armies of the Allies on the entire European continent west of Russia. By guerrilla warfare, Mihajlovic and his Techelnitsi had immobilized in Yugoslavia 12 Italian divisions, three German divisions, seven Bulgarian divisions and three divisions of Hungarians. MIHAJLOVIC AND his fighters, including even a few German and Italian deserters, had so blasted Hitler's occupation that German Gen. von Dankelmann sent two German officers and a representative of Gen. Milan Neditch's German- controlled government to Mihajlovic's mountain hideaway to ask for an armistice. The trip to Ihe mountain rendezvous took two flays. The great Serb met them, blindfolded, in an npen clearing. The Germans were with him less than two minute?. AN ARMISTICE? Mihajlovic replied that he and his Tchetnitsi would fight until Germany capitulated to the Allies. The Nazi Gestapo located, and seized, Miha- jtovic's wife and both his children in Belgrade. Gloating, the Germans announced that, holding his family and 15 leading Tchetnitsi officers as hostages, they would give Mihajlovic one more chance to surrender. The grief-slrickcn man replied by radio. A hush fell over his country as his answer came over the air. He spoke to his wife and to his children by name. He told them to have courage, for life is not worth livinr without it. SAID MIHAJLOVIC: "I intend to continue this battle until I die or until the enemy has been driven forever from our glorious land." With the British at Alamein, the Tchetnitsi npain stormed out of their mountains. Hitler had sent Rommel the material. But in one of the bloodiest forays in history. Mihajlovic cut all communications between Belgrade and Salonika in tl\e entire V'ardar valley. HE HALTED the German supply lines in the mountains ihatsechoed his voice. The first German military train for Rommel dove headlong inio the great gorge south of Zegreb. Mihajlovic dynamited the Youth Road the Germans built between Zagreb and Belgrade. He blew up the tunnels in the mountains around Llubiana. Four Italian and two divisions backed up on each other, unable to move over blazing trestles. THE ALLIES' ships, guns and men from England and the United States reached North Africa first. And such convoys as did reach Tohruk did so without the tankers that carried indispensable oil and gasoline. When writer Mihajlov credited Mihajlovic instead of Communist Tito, he dangerously opened an old sore. Postwar, Tito preposterously put Mihajlovic on trial, called this magnificent Yugoslav "a traitor" and had him executed — fearing a rival. L. M. HO YD: • . . Pass It On CLIENT ASKS why men tend to prefer blondes. Who said they do? Surveys repeatedly .show that only about one man in every three prefers blondes. A PROFESSIONAL beer taster says he can't trust his sense of taste if the beer is in a dark glass. Nor can he judge it at all with his eyes closed. How it looks has much to do with what his tongue tells him about it, evidently. IF THAT baby hippopotamus manages to survive its first year, it can be expected to live to about age 45. However, a lot of vicious beasts go after the hippo calves with the intent to do bodily harm. Crocodiles, for instance. And hippo bulls, too. Still, about four out of five do grow up. SHIVAREE Client contends the wildest shivaree of all time was thrown in France about 50 yean ago -when five daughters of one family got married in a single ceremony. More than 1,000 celibrants beat on pans to serenade the couples. Possibly so. Still that must have been quite some wedding party back in Susa, Persia in 324 B.C. To achieve his ambition 1 to unite two empires, Alexander the G ?£E£**? ° n * weddin «- J"«t «»«. to marry off 10,000 Persian girls to 10,000 of his Macedonian soldiers. Must have been quite an evening.