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FREEPORT JOURNAL-STANDARD Published daily except Sunday and six legal holidays By The Freeport Journal-Standard Publishing Company • AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER TUESDAY, JULY 2, 1968 Questions Needed On HCC Budget The Highland Community College Board will hold a public hearing on its tentative budget at 7:30 tonight in the College Center. As we indicated in an earlier editorial, the proposed budget merits some close questioning. It was adopted with very little open discussion after a long executive session that was supposedly devoted to personnel matters. The procedure seemed to us to violate the spirit, and perhaps the letter, of the Illinois open meetings law. The operating budget, moreover, calls for a substantially greater tax increase than college officials said would be necessary when they were pushing, for passage of the referendum this spring. Members of the college board and the administration still have not given an adequate explanation of why their initial forecast, which they insisted was accurate, so suddenly is no longer deemed valid. We have serious reservations about the rapid increase of the college budget, especially as to administrative salary increases and the large number of courses being offered compared to other junior colleges around the state. The Journal-Standard has supported, and will continue to support, the concept of a quality junior college for this district. That does not mean, however, that the college should be financed far out of proportion to other public service programs essential to the future of the region, its taxpayers and its young people. We hope that interested civic groups and individual citizens will seek out better answers to all of these questions at tonight's session. The board, moreover, ought to consider delaying final action on the budget for a week or so in order that it can give reflective thought to any issues that may be raised tonight. Hindsight On Resurrection City In the most critical moments of the existence of the shantytown on the Mall in Washington, the prospects were for complete disappointment of the sponsors of the Poor People's March, together with great disorder, damage and suffering to the nation's capital and its population. But, as the demolition of the plywood structures proceeds .and the happenings of the tense days are appraised, it is possible to say that some good has been accomplished and much harm avoided. The failure of the project, such as it was, came partly from unanticipated bad weather which rendered the Resurrection City almost uninhabitable, and partly from poor administration and organization of an undertaking of such scope that only a true genius and one of recognized stature could have achieved it. Whether it was well conceived from the outset need not be asked or answered without more perspective of time. What was demanded was an improvement in the lot of the poor that could not be brought about by a single act of Congress nor by a number of acts. It may be claimed that Congress was determined not to be intimidated into action of any sort, without reference to the sentiments of constituents and calculation of the effects on next fall's elections. That is obviously true. Yet the Poor People's March and the brief existence of Resurrection City had their effect; the Solidarity March on June 19 was not the fiasco it threatened to be, and there will be needed measures by Congress to correct some of the manifest inequities and injustices which are the soil on which poverty thrives. Those measures must not be too long postponed, or the present tolerable climate will worsen. The Food Stamp device will be extended to enable more persons to escape the degrading hunger in a land of plenty. The legislation for relief of agricultural producers must be altered to prevent exploitation by the wealthy of keeping acres out of production while former workers of the area are starved and humiliated. The action of the Washington authorities to forestall the worst effects of the dissolution of Resurrection City was commendable. Mayor Washington, himself a Negro and aware of the risks, greatly assisted by imposition of a rigid early curfew, and the introduction of abundant Guardsmen, alerted to the dangers of rash acts inspired by fear, had its effect. All in all, the acts of lawlessness were limited and could not be charged to Abernathy, whose order to submit peacefully to arrest was generally obeyed. It will take time to assess the gains and losses, but there are lessons to be learned from the undertaking, both by the sponsors of the march, Congress and the public at large. Ideas Speed From Land To Land The increasing number and speed of the various communications media have profound effects on day-by-day events around the globe. Some are good, some are bad. The badness is due to the inadequacy of the reports of what is occurring and the unpreparedness of recipients to understand them. But, bad or good, the echoes of what is transpiring are constantly resounding about the world and from country to country and cannot be ignored. One instance, preposterous in its nature, is the renewed student tumult in Berkeley, Calif., declared by its instigators to be in the nature of a protest against French police severity to subdue the student riots in Paris and elsewhere in France. Therefore, some hundreds of windows in Berkeley were broken by flying rocks, bottles and chunks of concrete, not to mention great damage to cars. All this injury was intended as a reprisal against French police action and a warning against American police suppression of mob activity. Quite a different and wholly unrelated message came to the United States about the same time from Canada, where a Liberal victory of unexpected large proportions was registered in the elections of last week. The meaning of this is that the two-purty system in Canada is somehow very unlike the two-party system of the United States, to which so much homage is perpetually paid. The difference appears to be that the two parties in Canada, Liberal and Conservative, differ in character from the two parties in the United States, Republican and Democratic. Here we have tended to make political partisanship akin to religion. A boy or girl is born into a party and for that boy and girl to deviate in his or her lifetime in loyalty to that party is in the nature of a disgrace or a renunciation of faith. In Canada, just a few years ago, the Conservatives rolled into power with a margin of superiority comparable to that shown this time by the Liberals. What is now going on in the United States looks like an attempt by McCarthy, as presidential candidate, to prove that he can differ from the credo of his party without forsaking it or being read out of it. Some critics say McCarthy is attempting the impossible. Perhaps. It may be so, and he may be forced into making mistakes or unfortunate comments. Nevertheless, it is a great experience to see anyone daring to insist on staying in a political party and making changes in its policy. The experiment is not ended. Meanwhile, everything that happens anywhere these days is hastily, often sketchily, reported everywhere within hearing, which is pretty much worldwide, and those who will listen may learn. "Ye*, I Believe That You'll Be Able to Guide Me Quite Well, Mr. Chief Justice" MAX LERNER In Re Warren, Forfas Doubtless the 18 Republican senators who have decided to hold the pass against the Abe Fortas and Homer Thornberry appointments believe they have got hold of a good thing politically. But every instinct of mine tells me they have got hold of a lemon. Their shift of ground shows they suspect it, too. They started by saying that, as a lame duck, President Johnson had no right to appoint a successor to Chief Justice Earl Warren; then they said he had a right but should not have been in a hurry; now they accuse him only of the minor, sin of "cronyism." Lively Scuffle Ahead Their larger hope, one suspects, is to make political capital out of the malaise about "softness" to criminals and Communists which one segment of opinion has linked with Warren's decisions, and to link it in turn with the new appointments. As supposedly smart politics, I would venture that it will overreach itself. It is hard to believe that many people want the protracted and tedious war against Warren to be carried so far as to punish his successor, especially a brilliant and widely admired judge who passed the gauntlet of Senate confirmation on his first time around. Yet the 18 seem headed for a showdown and are even talking of a filibuster if the names get by the Judiciary Committee. That both Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon have laid their prestige on the line alongside the 18 suggests the prospect of a lively scuffle ahead. I want to be fair to the 18 and their two presidential candidate allies and assume that on a matter of great, moment they are acting not on political interest by on law and principle. But what law? There is nothing either in the Constitution or in federal statutes that prevents a Supreme Court justice from resigning when he wishes, for whatever reasons he may give. Guesses Not Enough Well, then, what principle? The principle, I take it, that Supreme Court appointments should not become political playthings. Granted. One gathers that the 18 (may their tribe not increase) feel that Warren resigned now to keep the post from falling vacant under a probable Republican president. But who says this was Warren's motive? Not he nor his letter of resignation. Conjectures? We all have conjectures about a man's real motives beneath the skin of what he says. Without conjectures a columnist couldn't survive, and without good ones he wouldn't be worth his salt. But if you are a presidential candidate or a senator like Robert Griffin of Michigan or Strom Thurmond of South Carolina or John Tower of Texas or Howard Baker of Tennessee or Hiram Fong of Hawaii and you are threatening to filibuster against the confirmation of a brilliant appointee as chief justice and a decent, level-headed appointee as justice in his place, you had better have more than conjecture to build on. One may argue that the real question of principle centers not on Warren's motive but President Johnson's power, since as a lame-duck President he has no right to saddle a future generation with a chief justice he happens to like. But hold on. Who says Mr. Johnson is a lame duck? The term has to mean a man who has been defeated for re-election and is serving out his time with no link to the people. But President Johnson has not been defeated. He has withdrawn from the political fray, but is still very much a President. To deny him this power of appointment now is to deny every future president the appointing power on im- Capital Footnotes By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The State Department reports "no breakthrough" in a meeting with North Korean representatives at Panmunjom last Thursday on return of the captured USS Pueblo and its crew. President Johnson has accepted the resignations of William F. McKee as head of the Federal Aviation Administration and Lee Loevinger as a member of the Federal Communications Commission. Loevinger said he plans to return to private life. McKee is completing 39 years of government service. portant posts in the last year or two ,of his second term. Nonsense Accumulates As if this were not nonsensical enough there is the added nonsense of drawing a labored historical parallel with the "midnight judges" of John Adams and John Marshall. When I was laboring in the vineyards of constitutional history, there was a young Law Review editor at the Yale law school in 1932 who ran a too long article of mine on Supreme Court history which discussed Marshall and the midnight judges, among other themes. I can vouch for the fact that Adams was a real lame duck, having been beaten by Thomas Jefferson in 1800, and that his act in creating a whole batch of federal judges and signing their appointments the night before" he left office was a clearly partisan one. But it is no parallel to the case of Fortas. And if one wished to draw a parallel with Marshall's choice as chief justice, it would risk boomeranging, since Marshall turned out be be the greatest single figure in the history of the Supreme Court. If the 18 insist on going ahead, they might reflect on what happened in 1916 when an embattled group of senators made a fight against the confirmation of Louis D. Brandeis as Supreme Court justice. The prestige and greatness of Brandeis survived that fight. Most of the senators have become a musty and not very pleasant historical footnote. © 1888, Los Angeles Times Golf Rates Criticized Editor, Journal-Standard- For the last thre'e or four weeks, a number of real interested golfers who have played the Park Hills Golf Course since its beginning, have been taking particular notice of the lack of play on these two courses. This is especially true on Saturday and Sundays. Where the old parking lot was usually three quarters full at 7:30 a.m. on Saturday, the new parking lot has been having about thirty cars at this same hour. I am not speaking of this past Saturday, when we had this terrible storm but previous Saturdays. When we start playing on Saturday around 8 a.m., there is seldom anyone on the new course, and when we leave about noon or shortly after there might be found two foursomes. Even these have been heard to say, "How is this, haying a course all to yourself." this is a very sad situation and those who have been interested in get- ting a course or courses in Freeport, feel very bad about it. The last report of the Park Board stated that the rounds of play was over the number played last year, but they didn't state in their report that we had a very wet May and June in 1967 and play was down in number of rounds. They didn't report that the leagues, which play at the lowest fee, are all larger and there are more of them, which constitute the large number of rounds during the week days. They may even tell you that the out of town play is large, but do realize, that all of us regular golfers living out of the park district are now counted as out of town. It seems that the Freeport Park Board has priced themselves out of business with the terrible increase of rates put into effect for 1968. I know of many who are playing in leagues but will not play at any other time due to the increased prices, and some are going to other courses to play because they can play at a cheaper rate. I am sure that the management of the course will verify that the out of town golfers are getting fewer week after week. We need this business to pay for this new course. At least it would help. This new course was built on the assumption it was necessary to take care of the local golfers now and in the future. Except for league play the one course is no longer used to capacity. I suggest to the Freeport Park Board to wake up and try to get some business back by coming down to earth with their prices. You don't have to set your prices on what other communities have done. Set them on what your community will support. May I also suggest that identification cards be eliminated. What good are they when they are not asked to be shown when payment is made for the golf fee? LEROY FARNAM Freeport Route 2 Reader Comments On Nursing Home Editor Journal-Standard: While I am in agreement with your recent editorial regarding the need for a new nursing home, I find the Stephenson County Board of Supervisors recent unanimous approval of a $1.5 million bond issue referendum most unpalatable. We are being asked to spend $1.5 million with absolutely no idea of what we will get for our money. No assurance has been made that federal funds will be applied for. On the contrary, one of the board members told me on the phone that he doubted if an application for federal funds would be made because of the fear of federal regulations. We have not been told whether this bond issue will give us a home that will qualify for Medicare and there are not any plans except "preliminary schematic drawings." The cost of $15,000 per bed is nearly $2,000 per bed higher than the proposed nursing home for Boone County which was reported in the Rockford Morning Star the same day the Stephenson County referendum was announced. The Boone County proposal is for a 75-bed home, which, it would seem, would be more costly per unit than a larger 100 bed home. The Boone County home will qualify for Medicare, will be paid for un- der a 13-year bond retirement program, was drawn up by the Illinois School Consulting Service, and will carry an interest rate of 5.5 per cent. B o o ne County residents have been advised what increases in the tax rate will be required to pay for the Home. Stephenson County voters have been told nothing, but they are entitled to the same sort of detailed information so that they can make an intelligent decision. Unless such information is furnished, and we are assured that federal funds will be applied for, I urge every voter to vote "no" on this referendum in November. Name withheld by request Another View Of Local Rail History Editor Journal-Standard: This is the first letter I ever have written to a newspaper. Its purpose is to express my personal feelings and is not, therefore, to be considered as those of the Illinois Central management. A poor job of reporting was done in the article which appeared in your issue of June 19 concerning the demolition of the Illinois Central freight house at Freeport which at one time also housed division offices. The fact that some Illinois Central employes spent time in a local tavern has absolutely nothing to do with the demolition of the building in question. Having worked in the division office on the second floor over the freight house from 1921 to 1940, I question whether any of my co-workers or the warehouse men were the tavern customers mentioned. They were likely a small group from scattered departments. Your reporter's knowledge of railroad people at Freeport is evidently confined to conductors. The group he mentioned were a good bunch (I knew all of them), but as conductors they had so little to do with either the freight house or the division office. Their few trips to the building were to pick up their pay checks, attend an investigation, etc. Names like John Dignan, superintendent; Martin Flanagan, train master; George Rought, train master; Ollie Richards, chief dispatcher; Jerry Riordan, supervising agent; Jack Reilly, agent; Roy Barshinger, chief clerk to superintendent; Jack Cunningham, warehouse f o r e- man; E. J. Boland, roadmaster; M. L. Conley, road supervisor ... So many others were not even mentioned . . . What is a "railroad smell?" After 47 years of railroading I am forced to admit I don't know — and I am certain your reporter would be at a loss to explain, if asked. A cab driver with no railroad background (and probably a young man at that) would seem to be a poor source of information on a story concerning a building which dates from 1917. Personally, I spent 19 happy years in the division office at Freeport before moving to Chicago in 1940. The passing of the building is like losing a close friend . . . N. F. WILKEY Chicago Editorial Page Receives Praise Editor Journal-Standard: Since moving to Freeport four months ago, my wife and I have enjoyed the daily pleasure of reading your superb editorial page. We find your manner of presentation forceful, courageous, and in the best of taste. In our opinion, you deserve the high- est commendation for your perceptive and forthright positions and policies. The people of Freeport are indeed lucky to have such insightful and honest journalistic representation. Congratulations on a job extremely well done. STEPHEN J. M1NDHAM 315 Prospect Terrace Looking Backward Into The Files Of Freeport Newspapers FIFTY YEARS AGO Freeport and Stephenson County is no place for loafers. Orders have been issued that loiterers on the streets and men who inhabit pool halls and who refuse to work will have to go to work or move out of our city. In the rural communities a few loiter in each village who defy work and they will be called upon by the Sheriff to make explanation. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Gerald C. Wise, son of Mr. and Mrs. Porter Wise, Kent, was ordained into the United Lutheran Church ministry. He is the first pastor to come from St. Paul's Lutheran Church, of Kent. He accepted a call to the Virgin Islands. DREW PEARSON JACK ANDERSON President Pushed Hard For Arms Talks • ftoru JUST DOM'T OF mum mi MYS WASHINGTON - The details of the historic breakthrough with Soviet Russia on disarmament will not be told until the usual period of State Department waiting — about ten years. •••When it is finally told, however, it will reveal that the progress toward better understanding between the world's two great nuclear powers was due almost entirely to the dogged determination of one man — Lyndon Johnson. Almost bare-handed he achieved the significant assent from the Soviet Union which may hasten the day when the two countries will no longer face a bristling array of opposing intercontinental missiles. Johnson has never been noted as a diplomat or international expert in the past. However, he became convinced that the peace of the world depended on better understanding between the world's two strongest powers, and he applied the same kind of Texas selling that he used as Senate majority leader when he wanted to pass a difficult bill. He kept up a constant barrage of personal letters, personal talks, messages through ambassadors to Moscow, all aimed at this objective. LBJ Impressed Gromyko History will show that the President's push toward better understanding actually began about two years ago when he had a long talk with Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko. Gromyko was in New York for the UN General Assembly meeting and came to Washington, at the President's invitation, for a long confidential discussion. They spent almost two hours together canvassing every important aspect of Russian-American relations, including Vietnam. One point raised by, Gromyko was that the United States had built so many warehouses, air bases and other installations in South Vietnam that nobody believed we would ever pull out. It was after this conversation that the President made his Manila declaration that we would pull out six months after a peace was signed. Russian sources reported that Gromyko seemed to be impressed by Johnson's directness and his blunt desire for better understanding. Kosygin Was Reluctant The second main chapter in the President's drive to woo Soviet Russia took place with Premier Alexei Kosygin at the famous Glassboro Conference one year ago. Kosygin appeared friendly when talking to Johnson; but went back to New York to repeat the party line about American imperialism. It was obvious that his hands were tied by the Kremlin. It would have been easy for any Chief Executive to be distracted by the war in Vietnam and neglect the broader, more important objective of world peace. Johnson, however, kept hammering away on this main goal, despite discouraging initial cracks from the Kremlin LBJ Busy To this end he delivered three speeches this spring. He spoke at Glassboro on the anniversary of his conference with Kosygin, went up to the -United -Nations to commemorate the signing of the non-proliferation pact, finally made a statement when the U.S.A.-U.S.S.R. consular treaty was signed. With each of these he took a certain amount of political risk, both at home and abroad, and got some sour feedback from Tass, the official Soviet news agency. This, however, did not discourage him.