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* ALL EDITIONS THE ARIZONA REPUBLIC *ig«l Sunday, Aug. 1«, 1170 Mere Tht Spirit Of 7Ae Lord Is, There Is Liberty II Corinthians 3:17 Published Every Morning by PHOENIX NEWSPAPERS, INC. 120 E. Van Buren, Phoenix, Arizona 85004 RU«INI C. NIUIAM, Pibllslitr A Trend, We Hope The New York Times has announced, with more than the usual flourishes, that it will start publishing an op- ed (Opposite Editorial, that is) page about the middle of September. The page will carry some conservative columns, which will be quite a switch for the Times. "Points of view in disagreement with the editorial position of the Times will be particularly welcome," said Publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger in announcing the new feature. While applauding the Times for this enlightened response to current conditions, we will put our natural modesty aside long enough to point out that The Arizona Republic installed an op-ed page featuring liberal columns and cartoons in February 1964, So we can say "Well done" to the Times without even a hint of lecturing the paper that for so long has claimed to publish "All the news that's fit to print." We will even pass up the chance to say, "Better late than never." Of course, The Arizona Republic isn't the only paper that prints opinion opposing its own. The Los Angeles Times, and The Indianapolis Star, among others, have done it for years. But while conservative papers tend to print liberal columnists, the New York Times is setting what we hope will be a trend for liberal papers. Are you listening, St. Louis Post-Dispatch? Milwaukee Journal? Washington Post? Both Countries Gain Secretary of State William Rogers and Spanish Foreign Minister Lopez Bravo signed in Washington this week a new agreement concerning the American military bases in Spain. The agreement, valid for the next five years, allows the U.S. to operate two air bases near the Spanish cities of Torrejon and Saragossa and one naval base at Rota, near the ports of Cadiz. In return, Spain is to receive military and economic aid amounting to a total of $400 million for five years, or about $80 million a year. The U.S. bases were established in 1953. The new agreement has been strongly and violently attacked by the liberal establishment in the East. The New York Times thinks it is "an ominous error" and a "shadowy pact," which reveals the "shabby behavior" of the Nixon administration in making a foreign policy deal with the horrible right-wing government of General Franco. IN WASHINGTON the opposition forces are led by the Senate foreign relations committee chairman, Sen. William Fulbright. He says the agreement should have been considered an "international treaty" and should have been fully discussed by Congress. Senator Fulbright threatens to try to cut off all defense funds for U.S. bases in Spain. We believe both the New York Times and Senator Fulbright are trying to raise a big storm in a rather small glass of water, as the saying goes. In the present dangerous state of affairs in the Mediterranean, the U.S. badly needs bases in Spain, especially the naval base, which provides very valuable facilities for our Sixth Fleet and our Polaris submarines. Eighty million dollars a year is, of course, a lot of money, but it is still a relatively modest sum to pay to keep our positions in the Mediterranean strong and secure. THERE IS NO need to make the U.S. - Spanish agreement an international treaty. A treaty is a much more serious thing than an executive agreement. A treaty would involve lasting commitments on behalf of the U.S., undertaken with the full approval of Congress. A treaty would affect important U.S. foreign policy issues and concern vital American national interests. The executive agreement, on the other hand, is a temporary deal made with a foreign government concerning some temporary and local requirements of U.S. defense policy. We need military bases in Spain for a limited time only — as long as the present emergency lasts. It is, therefore, very appropriate that we should cover the protection of the bases with an executive agreement, rather than with an international treaty. Finally, the political nature of the Spanish regime has nothing to do with our bases. Spain is an independent, sovereign state and her internal order is the concern of the Spanish people. It is none of our business to pass any judgment on Spanish home policy problems. ^ y Spain is doing us a favor by providing us with valuable bases. In our turn, we are doing Spain a favor by sending her substantial military and economic assistance. This is the essence of the U.S.-Spanish agreement. It should be welcomed by both American and Spanish public opinion. It is beneficial to both countries. I Guns Of San Rafael American court history contains no more brutal, shocking event than the slaying of a San Rafael judge who was taken from his court room at gun point. We will never know who killed the judge, although part of his head was blown off by a discharge from a sawed- off shotgun one of the abductors carried into the court. It was used on the judge after he had been forced into a van with his captors. The abductor and his two accomplices, one of whom was being tried when the gunplay started, were also •lain. So, as President Nixon has learned, we can't call them guilty without being labeled everything from anti- Panther to pro-Fascist. But the judge is just as dead as if they had been found guilty by a jury, and the law is suffering from another black eye. The guns, it was established, had belonged to Angela Davis, the University of California instructor whose dismissal raised the shouts of academic freedom throughout the land. We certainly don't want to prejudge Miss Davis, who has been formally charged with murder and kidnaping, although she couldn't be found early yesterday and may have made her way to Canada. We shall now watch with interest to see how quickly the New Left rallies to her cause. And of course we will he cartful not to implicate her in the judge slaying World Problems Ulbricht Seeks Nod From West By MICHAEL PADEV Foreign Editor, The Arizona Repnblfc WASHINGTON - East German President Walter Ulbricht has sent a rather lengthy letter to the governments of all Western countries, including the United States. In it the German Communist leader pleads his country's case for Western diplomatic • v- ,v w w~ recognition. Ulbricht 'mm • would also like the ^ - West to support East Germany's right to become a member of the United Nations. At present neither West nor East Germany is PADEV a U.N. member. Herr Ulbricht argues that East Germany has all the necessary features of an independent state and, as such, deserves the diplomatic recognition of the world community of nations. He points out that East Germany is "one of the 10 major industrial powers in the world," and that it maintains trade relations with most European countries, * * * THE EAST GERMANS also say that the recent agreement between Soviet Russia and West Germany has created "basically a new situation" throughout the whole of Europe. This is quite true. The road is now open toward a general improvement of relations between East and West Europe. West Germany recognizes the boundaries of all East European states, including those of East Germany, as official and final. Moreover, the talks between the two German states, which started earlier this year, will continue next autumn, and West Germany is certain to grant East Germany some form of de facto recognition. The West Germans will recognize East Germany as a "sovereign state," but not as a "foreign state." * * * EAST GERMANY is a country of nearly 18 million people. It is strategically situated in the heart of Europe and its capital is Berlin, or, rather, the east section of the ancient German capital, as West Berlin forms a separate territory which is politically linked with West Germany. East Germany's official name is "German Democratic Republic" and its government is a Communist dictatorship, which was imposed on the people by the Soviet Army. The Communist constitution of the state was adopted in 1949, after a one- party Communist controlled "election." Since 1955 East Germany has been a member of the Warsaw Pact — the Soviet-led Communist alliance of East European states. The East German Communists maintain that their state is sovereign and independent and that it is not a satellite of Moscow. This is not true, of course. The East German Communists have been about the most subservient to Moscow Communists in East Europe. * ' * * MOREOVER, the internal features of the East Communist regime are very similar to the Soviet government structure. Still, we must admit that East Germans have a point when they say that their country should not be singled out as the only East European state with limited sovereignty and independence. After all, can we really say that present day Czechoslovakia is more independent of Moscow than East Germany? Hardly. Yet Czechoslovakia enjoys all the diplomatic privileges of an independent state, including membership in the United Nations. American policy toward East Germany should be guided, I think, by what West Germany says and does on the matter. West Germany, with her 60 million people, is today Europe's foremost industrial and economic power. She is also our good friend and reliable ally. West Germany has and should have a special relationship with East Germany, as the two states represent one and the same nation. If West Germany decides to follow a "one-nation — two states" policy, it is not for us to object. If West Germany would be prepared to recognize East Germany as a separate European state, we should follow suit. We should not be "more royalist than the king," as the French say. Insofar as East Germany is concerned, what's good for West Germany should be good for us, too. But ft Can't fly Without TJwt 'Propeller 9 By R«f. Muulnt ArttOM lUfvktte Suit Ariui The Tmfn »$0'7«*iM| £^||^^ v :;,,/^! jyi.jS;?^^^-'''"'.'',;.'-^ l W&&i»W ? :.»»£. : " ^$»>'7Ctf* ,->V, . • *~^"^.-. •-.:•:• *I^':*»#.V :; -"••••;!•;•;,,•-:.:•,,;;:, Capitol Notes Committee Report On Student Unrest Is Called 'Self-Righteous Hogwash' By SEN. BARRY GOLDWATER Judged from any viewpoint, the Heard Advisory Committee on Student Unrest has to be one of the Nixon administration's major mistakes. Not only did its report fail to provide the White House with the help it had expected, ,it actually made the Pres- i d e n t 's job much more difficult. The White House had hoped the advisory group, headed by Chancellor Alexander Heard of Vanderbilt University and President James Cheek of Howard University, would pro-. vide it with a philosophical examination of the causes of student unrest and a practical guide to a government policy to deal with it. INSTEAD, the presidential advisers used the preitige of their appointments and the forum of the White House to shift the major responsibility for campus violence from college administrators, faculties and students onto the shoulders of the national administration. In a report that literally oozed with academic self •righteousness, Chancellor Heard charged the national government with failing to understand that it is confronted with a national crisis because of the college protests. The report insisted that the student crisis must be viewed as a national emergency calling for the immediate rearrangement of national priorities. THIS KIND of nonsense coming from college administrators can have only one ultimate effect — to convince campus radicals that they can do no wrong so long as the Nixon administration refuted to surrender in Vietnam and cut all expenditure! for armaments below levels regarded as adequate by the men in charge of our national security. The whole idea that protests and unruly behavior by an extremely small percentage of 7 million college students can constitute a national emergency is just plain hogwash. After all, President Nixon is charged with the responsibility for the welfare of 204 million Americans and is not subject to dictation from a fraction of less than 4 per cent of the population. THE PRESIDENTS advisers are understandably concerned that the Heard report devoted insufficient attention to other causes of student unrest, including the failure of faculties and college administrators to control their own student bodies. They also object to the idea that protesting students repre- .sent a particularly influential and powerful group in the country which deserves special access to the President. But for all its belief in how important college students are in American society, the Heard report failed to produce concrete suggestions for a permanent mechanism for communicating with students. Nor did it take any note of the fact that under President Nixon the nation's spending priorities have been reordered for the first time in more than 20 years. NO CONSIDERATION was given to the fact that by criticizing thegovernmentthe Heard Commission was actually helping to escalate the campus trouble. A report acknowledging the reordering of national priorities and underscoring the President's progress toward withdrawal from the Vietnamese war would hive been more helpful. However, a careful reading of the report leads on* to wonder seriously whether the college administrators were more interested in absolving their own group than in assisting the government. , Book Brief Odyssey of a Liberal, by Freda Utley. Washington National Press, Inc., D.C. 319 pp, S10. Few people have been as intimately involved with the important people of our age as has Freda Utley: , Bertrand Russell, George Bernard Shaw, John Dop Passes, Norman Cousins, Sidney Hook, Dwight MacDonald, P««rl Buck, Chiang Kai-shek, Max Eastman, Malcolm Muggeridge, Mary M c C a r t h y, Ann Lindbergh. All of them and many more she knew during a lifetime rich with adventure and memorable experiences. During her early 'W, Freda Utley became » Socialist leader in Ivondon. But after the British government suppressed a genera) strike in UM the joined the Communist Party. Later she married a non- Communist Soviet citizen who worked for a Russian trade mission, and soon they went to live in Miscow. 6 l Do This For The Downtrodden, Oppressed Poor Of Uruguay, Ami<>o~Remember That* Or I'll Kill You! 9 At 3 a.m. the NKVD knocked on their door. Her husband was taken away, and it was not until New Year's Eve of 1963 that ihe learned from Ambassador Llewellyn Thompson that he had died in March ItU in an Arctic labor camp. Miss Utley's story if remark' able for the insights it provides into her resolute character- She was not always right; indeed, in 1939 she signed a statement that the Chines* Communist aimed at democratic and capitalist reforms. But she never hesitated to admit her mistakes. Thus she became a strong anti-Communist (even while retaining many of her far-left friends), and for her troubles she was subjected to the usual calumny and smears that the Western liberals, heaped upon all who refused to accept the infallibility of Stalin and the Communist system. The book abounds with fascinating vignettes and delightful anecdotes. But mostly it is a testiment to a rare, courageous woman one who all her life has acted upon her convictions, no matter what the cost. And the cost to Freda Utley, as to all heretics who dare call attention to the fact that the king is without clpthes, was enormous. "The belief that we can ourselves create t better world makes life purposeful and worth living—however dim the hope becomei aew* grow old," she writes from her perspective of 72 years. "Thus, I suppo* I am still • liberal within tht original meaning of that much*bused word, although having learned through experience mere than is dreamed of in the philosophy of most Western liberals, I no longer share their faith in the inevitability of progress and tte perfectibility of man through ihe emation of a better mate- nil Virginia's Fears Are Confirmed By MOftRIE RYSKINt) Thus the satiric note: "I yearn to bs a fundamentalist conservative like Spiro ind you, but I can't swallow the tenet that there's a journalistic Cosa Nostra that slants the news to get it* ends. Can you reassure me about this cardinal principle of your creed? Prayerfully yours, Virginia." Well, I'll try, Virgin- RYSKIND ia. Not long ago, the AP sent out the following brief dispatch, which one paper captioned: "$30 Robbery brings Negro Death Penalty." "Birmingham, Ala. (AP)-An all-white jury has decreed the death penalty for a Negro convicted of robbing a white girl of $30 and a wristwatch. The seven women and five men of the Circuit Court jury deliberated less than three hours before returning the verdict against John Henry Jones Jr., 23." That was all-just that paragraph. Are you not incensed at this proof that no Negro can get justice from white Southerners, as Northern liberals maintain? Yet before you write out a big check to the Black Panthers, it might be well to read some carefully omitted details which Sen. James B. Allen of Alabama uncovered from the court record of the case. • * • LAST FALL, a 17-year-old white girl, Rosa Cantpisi, was reported missing. Lite on the following day, her car was located at the bottom of a ravine, and she was found locked in the trunk compartment, disrobed, obviously beaten and severely injured. When able to speak, she told that a young black had grabbed her, forced her into her car and driven her to an isolated spot, where he had raped her. Then, first taking her wristwatch, he had bound her and run the car over her. After which, he locked her in the trunk and, as she could tell from the crashing and bumping, sent the car plunging down the ravine. For months the authorities sought the culprit in vain. But early this year, a young Negro woman complained to the police that she had been raped the previous night. Her description of the assailant (which matched the first girl's story) led to the arrest of Jones. And Jones had on his person a pawn ticket which proved to be for the wristwatch taken from Miss Campisi. * * * THE LATTER then picked Jones from a line-up as her assailant. Then with full constitutional guarantees and procedure as ordered by the Miranda ruling, Jones signed a statement admitting he had abducted the girl and driven away with her. He did not recall what happened afterward, he said, because he was so drunk at the time. He was indicted on charges of kidnap- ing, assault with intent to murder, rape and robbery. And that's how come a "$30 Robbery InnfS Negro Death Penalty." In my day, the alleged reporter responsible for such a story would have been drummed out of newspaperdom. Today, it is possible he will be made professor in a journalism school. So, yes, Virginia, there is a liberal Cosa Nostra in our midst. A0 I See It Political Change Dawning In U.S. By HOLMES ALEXANDER WASHINGTON, D.C. - It's the worst kept secret in town that the GOP high command is pulling for the re - election of Sen. Harry Byrd Jr., of Virginia, and this is at once a tribute to the senator and a confirmation that American politics is at last evoluting from partisanship into philosophy. Tht trend, of course, is nationwide, and a rundown of familiar names will show the scope. Mayor John Lindsay, a registered but rejected Republican who last year won re-election as an Independent, stands at least as good a chance of winning the Democratic presidential nomination as Edmund Muslde or Hubert Humphrey. * * * TWO OTHER dark horses for the Democratic nomination, Ramsey Clark and John Gardiner, have held appointive offices but have never been tested at the polls. Arthur Goldberg, more a Laborite. than Democrat, is rated to make a race of it against Governor Rockefeller. Also, in New york James Buckley of the Conservative Party has become more than a mere possibility to outrun Sen. Charles Goodell (R.) and Rep. Richard Ottinger (D.). Then there's Gene McCarthy of the New Left, and George Wallace of the Dixiecrlts. » * * IT ALL SAYS that the country is ready to write off the Qvil War, which solidified the twenty structure, and to revisit ihe Revolutionary days when nobody voltii at Jm jjra/idfaiJjtj d.'d.