The News from Frederick, Maryland on June 9, 1970 · Page 15
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June 9, 1970

The News from Frederick, Maryland · Page 15

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Frederick, Maryland
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Tuesday, June 9, 1970
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Page 15
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Jttbtvitk FREDERICK. MARYLAND TUESDAY. JUNE 9, 1ITO MILK Nature's Miracle Cows Produce Nature's Most Perfect Food Allen B. Bryant, Extension Agent -- Dairy Science Frederick County NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF MILK Milk is called Nature's most perfect food, primarily because it is the sole natural food for young mammals. It provides adequate nutrition during this critical period. For human infants, milk is nearly a perfect food and is nutritionally seriously inadequate only in iron, Vitamin D and perhaps copper. Milk is composed of water, protein, sugar, fat, vitamins and minerals. The protein in milk is a high grade protein since it contains all of the essential atmnp acids required for the building of protein in the body. The composition of milk does vary, however, according to species. This point can be illustrated by several examples, (l) Human milk contains 1.1% protein while cows milk contains 3.8% protein and the reindeer's milk contains 10.3% protein. (2) Cows' milk is about 4.0% fat while reindeer milk is 22.5% fat and seal milk is 53.2% fat. (3) While cows' milk is about 87% water, the reindeer's milk is 63% water and seals' milk is only 32% water. HISTORY OF THE DAIRY INDUSTRY The use of milk and butter is referred to in the Old Testament in several places. The oldest written records of man are from three ancient cultures: 1) Mesopotamia, 2) India, 3) Egypt. The cuneiform writings of the Sumenans of old Mesopotamia are generally regarded as the oldest -- and they go back to 6,000 B.C. From these writings, drawings and carvings, it is thought that dairying was highly developed in those ancient times. the "Lake Dwellers" of ancient Switzerland apparently practice dairying as far back as 4,000 B.C. Excavations have not only revealed the skeletons of cattle but also cheesemaking equipment. Rather complete records from Greece and Rome in the last 1,000 years B.C. and the early Christian era reveal that milk and cheese were important in the diets of the people. Most of the milk came from goats in ancient Greece and from sheep in ancient Italy with very little coming from cows. Butter was not used for food -- but only in ointments and medicants. By the beginning of the Christian era, milk and cheese were used for food throughout Europe, but butter was primarily used as an ointment. Milk cattle were found all over Europe in the early part of this era. Not until the fifth century in Ireland and the eighth century in Norway was butter used extensively. Norway was the first country to export butter and this was in the thirteenth century. Holland followed in the fourteenth century. The production of quality butter began in Holland -- and this butter became famous all over Europe. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, milk was used as fluid milk or made into butter or cheese. There were no other dairy products at that time. While dairy cows were more highly developed than in earlier periods, there were no purebred breeds as we kfow them today -and very little was known about s c i e n t i f i c f e e d i n g a n d management. MILK PRODUCTION IN FREDERICK COUNTY Dairying is the principal type of farming in Frederick County, Of the total of approximately 1,800 farms in the County, about , 800 are dairy farms. There are over 45,000 milk cows on these farms plus 15 to 20,000 head of young animals. Approximately 436,000,000 pounds of milk are produced in the County per year. This amount represents 28% the total milk production in Maryland. To help you visualize how much milk this really is, there are 8.6 pounds of milk in one gallon -- and there are 16 glasses of milk in one gallon. Since one glass of milk weighs about Vi p o u n d , Frederick County dairymen produce about 872 million glasses of milk per year. If every person in Frederick County drank two glasses of milk per day they would only use 60 million glasses in a year or about 7% of the milk produced. CONSUMPTION OF DAIRY PRODUCTS Ir 1968 per capita consumption of dairy products in milk equivalent was approximately 650 pounds in the United States compared to more than twice this amount in Finland, Ireland and New Zealand. Of the 650 pounds of milk equivalent consumed per capita in the United States in 1966 about 250 pounds was consumed as whole fresh milk. The balance was consumed as skimmed milk, butter, cheese, ice cream, evaporated milk, condensed milk, cream and non-fat dry milk. In 1968 per capita consumption of these dairy products in the United States was as follows: skimmed milk, 48 pounds; butter, 4.9 pounds; cheese, 10.1 pound; cottage cheese, 4.6 pounds; ice cream, 18.8 pounds; evaporated and condensed milk, 8.4 pounds; cream, 6 pounds and non-fat dry milk, 5.2 pounds. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the only dairy products consumed were fluid milk, cheese and butter. Since that time, many other dairy products have been developed for consumption. Besides regular fluid milk, cheese and butter, d a i r y products now available are 2% fat fluid milk, 1% fat fluid milk, skim milk, buttermilk, chocolate drink, half milk and half cream, condensed milk, evaporated milk, heavy whipping cream, ice cream, ice milk, sherbet, cottage cheese, sour cream, yogurt and eggnog. In addition Vitamins A and D are sometimes added to milk. Also some fluid milk products are available with added solids not fat. CONCLUSION Milk has been valued as a food for a long, long time. In our modern society, milk is valued as i\ature's most perfect food. The dairy industry has developed many tasty and nutritious dairy products to compliment whole milk, cheese and butter. Also Frederick County is one of the leading dairy counties in the whole United States -- and produces a bountiful supply of pure, fresh milk for the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s o f Washington, D. C. and Baltimore. Farm Day Visitation June 28 Six Frederick County 'Welcome Farms' Listed By NANCY MORRIS Farm Page Editor The annual Farm Visitation Day schedule has been announced by the Frederick County Extension Of fice. The purpose of this day is to give the urban and city people the chance to see farms and ask questions of the owners and managers of these farms. Questions may vary from production to what the situation is today of the farmer and his business. The visitation will be held June 28 from 1 to 5 p.m. There are six different farms in the county that will be open for visitations: Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lutz, a swine farm, located near Middletown, three miles south of Interstate 70 at Myersville exit or 1.5 miles north of Middletown on Middletown-Myersville Road. Mr. and Mrs. Richard Brandenburg, a dairy farm, located near Middletown, one mile north of Middletown on U.S. 40A to Marker Road. Take Marker Road to Picnic Woods Road and follow Picnic Woods Road to the farm. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Vona, Joselene Hills, a horse farm, near Frederick, is five miles east of Frederick off Route 26 on Dance Hall Road. Mr. and Mrs. Samuel R. Molesworth, Samhill Farm, a dairy farm, near Mt. Airy, is south on Maryland Route 27 from U.S. 40 at Ridgeville for 1/2-mile to Penn Shop Road, then 1.5 miles to farm. Mr. and Mrs. Glenn E. Eaves, a dairy farm, near Walkersville, is east on Maryland 26 from Frederick to Maryland 194. Go one mile to Stauffer Road, turn right on Stauffer Road, then go about one mile to farm on left. Archibald-Armadale Associates, owner; Jerry Shanks, manager, Armadale Farm, a beef farm, at New Market. To find this farm, go north on Maryland 75, from U.S. 40 at New Market, about 1/2 mile. All visitors are welcome to come and see farming in action at these farms. The planning committee for Farm Visitation Day is as follows: Mrs. Merhle Ramsburg, Frederick County Homemakers Council; Vernon Holter, Frederick Production Credit Association; Rodman Myers, Frederick County Pomona Grange; Paul Spurrier, Frederick County Farm Bureau; Paul Edwards, Soil Conservation Service; Lawrence Roller, Frederick Chamber of Commerce; Mrs. L i n d a Greely, E x t e n s i o n Service: and Allen Bryant, Evtension Service. Marcia Collins Winner Of Holstein Contest Marcia A. Collins of Perry, New York, emerged from a field of 29 young women as one of two Distinguished Junior Holstein Members so designated by Holstein-Friesian Association of America. She is the 18 year old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Donald Collins of Wyoming County. Her father is the founder of nationally known Collins-Crest Holsteins. During her high school career, she was a member of the New York State 4-H Dairy Judging Team in the national contest, served as president of Future Teachers of America, the French Club and was vice president of the National Honor Society. As a senior in high school, she had the distinction of being salutatorian in addition to awards received tor maintaining the highest four year average in her class. A freshman at St. Lawrence (Continued On Page 6) WSPAPEM

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