Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on August 16, 1970 · Page 10
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August 16, 1970

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 10

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Sunday, August 16, 1970
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Page 10
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.. r i j c HULLDOQ •1-A The Arizona Republic Phoenix, Sou., Ang. 18, IWO .S. offers to limit ABMs, allow Russians to catch up United Press International VIENNA-The United States has offered to limit its Safeguard antiballistic missile ABM) system in exchange for Soviet curbs 'in the giant SS9 missiles, diplomatic sources said yesterday. The sources said this was one of the key proposals to emerge from four months of negotiations at the Vienna round of the Stra- 'pf?ic Arms Limitation Talks, which ended Friday. An agreement is possible, they said, hut all points will be under intense study in Washington and Moscow before negotiations resume in Helsinki Nov. 2. other points, according to the sources, include: - An American proposal for a numerical ceiling on strategic delivery systems—both long-range missiles and heavy bombers. Under this plan bombers and missiles would count equally. Since the United States has more delivery systems than Russia, such a ceiling would freeze the number of American arms and allow the Soviets to catch up. -A low-level limit on ABMs. Single de- ifmriv-e rings around Moscow and Washington an most likely to be the method adopted. This would mean that Russia could keep i'r. ABM ring around Moscow, but America -.lust tear down its ABM installations in North Dakota and Montana. One of the two powers is expected to present a draft treaty soon after the Helsinki round opens, the sources said. Although many political, geographical and military details remain to be worked out, they said (lie treaty might be finished when the talks reo-s before Christmas. A spring session in Vienna is expected. The sources said the exchange involving the American ABM and the Soviet SS9 was an "apples and oranges" deal necessitated by the fact that the two nations, having different security requirements, place a differ- -nt \ alue on weapons systems. .'.n addition, they said, there is considerable doubt in America whether the Safe<= .arcl ABM system will ever work proper- ly—and these doubts are matched by the suspicion that the Soviet SS9 is too big and unwieldly to be an efficient strike weapon. Because of this, the sources said, the two weapons systems made excellent bargaining tools. The most likely agreement, they said, would allow both nations to install single rings of ABMs and to build a few giant missiles. In both cases the numbers would be low enough to keep either system from reinvigorating the arms race. The Institute for Strategic Studies, a highly regarded London research organization, said the United States had a total of 2,160 land-based intercontinental ballistics missiles (ICBMs), submarine-launched missiles and long-range heavy bombers at the end of 1969. At the same time, it said, the Soviet total was 1,410. The Soviet Union has narrowed that gap since then but is still believed to be behind. Since any acceptable arms limitation must be based on parity, a ceiling rather than a freeze on strategic delivery systems is expected to be negotiated in Helsinki, to give Russia a chance to catch up. The ceiling number was expected to be the exact number of the American delivery systems. As long as neither side exceeded this number, the agreement would give America the "sufficiency'.' that the Nixon administration has said is enough to protect the nation. An important point in the proposal, according to reports from Washington, is permission for either side to replace, modify or improve its missiles and bombers, as long as the numerical ceiling remains. Because of this the agreement would not end the arms race. But it would tend to control it. The proposals, once formalized in a treaty, are expected to meet tough sledding in Congress because of the U.S. concessions. But the American delegation is known to feel that the Nixon administration's backing, coupled with support from liberal Democrats, will be enough to push it through. Anti-Safeguard leaders insisting drive to curb system near success Associated Press WASHINGTON - Evidence is conflicting, but leaders of a renewed drive to curb the Safeguard ABM system insist they've found a formula to win .a Senate majority without incurring undue White House wrath. The Senate's Republican chieftains disagree. Backers of the plan written by Sen. Edward Brooks, R- Mass., say it will provide as much defensive power as the Nixon plan and maintain the momentum President Nixon has said he needs at arms control talks with the Soviet Union. They find no broad agreement on that point either. The Brooke plan would, simply put, bar a requested Safeguard expansion to two new bases and use the money saved to improve ABM at the two sites authorized last year. The aim is to stop the geographical expansion of a system some say has built-in technical faults in its present form and will not function adequately under Soviet missile attack. Two plans rejected by the Senate last Wednesday would either have stopped Safeguard spending altogether except for research on an improved system — or denied the money to carry out expansion. Brooke said last week he has evidence from inside the administration and the Pentagon that both could comfortably live with his plan. Sen, John Tower, R-Tex., who for more than a week has been saying a vote against Safeguard will be considered a vote against Nixon and his administration, rejected that view: "The Nixon administration will not accept any amendment that will limit Safeguard, including the Brooke amendment." As it has been throughout this year's debate, the key to the final Senate decision remains the degree to which an expanded or restricted Safeguard will effect the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks with Russia, In other words, is Safeguard the vital "bargaining chip" the President needs to get a meaningful agreement on limiting offensive and defensive nuclear arms? Sen. Thomas J. Mclntyre, D-N.H., who voted against the previous amendments primarily because of the bargaining - chip argument, said he is cosponsoring Brooke's plan because he believes it is the solution. "My consultations with the American delegation in Vienna have led me to conclude that intensified work at the Phase I sites — Malmstrom and Grand Forks air bases— will provide ample momentum to support our negotiators," Mclntyre said. Opponents of any change in Safeguard also used the SALT negotiations as a bargaining point, covertly circulating just before last Wednesday's crucial vote a communication — purportedly from Gerard Smith, chief U.S. negotiator at Vienna — stating Safeguard is indeed as vital to his success. Democratic leaders roundly scored that move, saying that if such a letter existed, it should be placed on the table for all to see and discuss. $95,955 furnaces ordered by Army remain in crates Associated Press WASHINGTON - Sen. William Proxmire, D-Wis., released a report yesterday showing that five scrap metal melting furnaces ordered by the Army at a cost of $95,955 are still in shipping crates in Vietnam. The report by the General Accounting Office said the furnaces and related equipment were recommended in August 1967, ordered in Nov. ember 1968 and delivered in October 1969. ft-oxmire's request for the report came after an Army civilian employe in Vietnam wrote Proxmire that he had seen two of the unused furnaces. The GAO found five, Proxmire said. Other equipment needed to make the furnaces useful brought : the total amount of the order to $577,462, the GAO report said. All the other equipment is in use, the re. port said, with the exception 'of a $1*0525 baling press. Excerpts included: from the report "We were advised by officials at the Inventory Control Center in April 1970 that the five furnances had been airlifted to Vietnam, arriving about October 1969, and that none of the furnaces bad been placed in operation... "In May 1970, we discussed the possible use of the furnaces with officials at Army headquarters, who requested additional information from Vietnam. We were advised in June 1970 that only one of the five furnaces will be placed in operation in Vietnam. "The disposition of the remaining four had not been de- termmoe. Presumably, attempts wiU be made to redistribute them to military and government organizations before they are disposed of as excess property. "Evidently, there was inadequate consideration prior to the procurement of these fur- oi the capability to use SOME diAMONds OUqhlTODE loved FOR TriEMSElVES Not every diamond is an engagement ring. Not every die* mond hee sentfmen* tal value. Some of our beet diamonds ere bought simply because they're beautiful, unique, and exciting, Just like you* WESLEY'S Fin* Jewehrs Since 1910 e F-HOINIX Chris-Town Center * SCOTTSDALE JO W Fif»h AVI. Weather again stalls gas ship Dumping may occur Tuesday, barring injunction United Press International SOUTHPORT, N.C. - A tropical weather disturbance forced another 24-hour postponement yesterday in the sailing of an old Liberty ship that will be scuttled in the Atlantic with a deadly cargo of nerve gas. The weather disturbance, which forecasters said would make a landfall on the lower Florida coast late yesterday, posed no threat toSouthport, but was kicking up seas of 15 feet in the area where the nerve gas rockets are to be dumped. Officials first annouced Friday night they were delaying the sailing because of the storm. Yesterday afternoon they met with reporters again to announce the delay had been extended, though "things are looking better." A Navy spokesman said officials would like to have "good weather all the way out" to the burial site, 282 miles off Cape Kennedy, but that the operation could be carried out in seas up to eight feet. A half dozen guards patrolled the wharf where the gas ship was berthed, and r««* « ^ u HA j . . Coast Guard vessels cruised lapt. A. G. Hamilton commands sea burial job of gas, the surrounding sea areas, AlMtiatM frtn keeping other shipping a safe distance from the rusting hulk and its lethal cargo. Florida Gov. Claude Kirk and the Environmental Defense Fund of New York went into court to block dumping of the gas in 16,000 feet of water off the Florida coast, but lost their initial bid Friday to win an injunction. T h ie y immediately took their case to an appeals court in Washington, however, and further hearings on the matter are scheduled tomorrow. Rep. Alton Lennon, D-N.C., chairman of a merchant marine and fisheries subcommittee, said, however, the legal action would not hold up the sailing, since the sailing orders contain a "turn around" clause in case the injunction is obtained. If weather permits the ship to put to sea today, and if the courts refuse to halt the operation, the dumping could take place Tuesday. There have been subges- tions the gas be dumped in a disposal area off the New Jersey coast, but there has been no official comment on this. The government did hasten to assure the Venezuelan government that it had no inten- tion of dumping the gas off its coast. The disclaimer came after the Venezuelan House of Representatives voted unanimously Friday to declare any such operation "an unfriendly act." An attorney for the Environmental Defense Fund had said during Friday's hearing that the Cariaco trench off Venezuela might be an ideal dumping place for the gas. The State Department, saying it hadn't been aware of the succession, told Venezuela the United States "has never considered t h e Venezuelan site and is not considering it now." The Defense Department underscored this stance, saying "We are planning to drop chemical munitions at the coordinates previously announced." Navy Capt. Arthur G. Hamilton Jr., officer in charge of the sea phase of the disposal operation, said he foresaw "no problem at all" in keeping the ship tied up at its berth here for several additional days. The Army has said it has to get rid of the rockets because some of them had started to leak. It was for this reason they were sealed in concrete. WIND BLEW - GLASS FLEW - PRICES CRASH! NEW STYLES-MEW SAVINGS Thousand* of FULL ROLLS 100% Deep Pile NYLON SHAG Installed Over \ Your Choice % of Padding THE MOST TREMENDOUS CARPET VALUE EVER OFFERED. Deep Pile, Heavy Double Jute Backing, 12 BEAUTIFUL COLORS, STYLE, QUALITY, EXTRA WEARLIFE. We must sacrifice this entire stock now DURING OUR CLEANUP OPERATIONS. Come in and inspect FULL ROLLS ON DISPLAY. No damaged stock. Sq. 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