Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on August 16, 1970 · Page 9
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August 16, 1970

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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 9

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Sunday, August 16, 1970
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Page 9
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* t" *' t" t" MAIL 4-A The Arizona Republic 0 Phoenh, Son., Aug. 18,1970 U.S. offers to limit ABMs, allow Russians to catch up United Press International VIENNA-The United States has offered to limit its Safeguard antiballistic missile ABM) system in exchange for Soviet curbs on the giant SS9 missiles, diplomatic sources said yesterday. The sources said this was one of the key proposals to emerge from four months of negotiations at the Vienna round of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, which ended Friday. An agreement is possible, they said, but all points will be under intense study in Washington and Moscow before negotiations resume in Helsinki Nov. 2. Other points, according to the sources, include: —An American proposal for a numerical ceiling on strategic delivery systems—both long-range missiles and heavy bombers. Under this plan bombers and missiles would count equally. Since the United States has more delivery systems than Russia, such a ceiling would freeze the number of American arms and allow the Soviets to catch up. —A low-level limit on ABMs. Single defensive rings around Moscow and Washington are most likely to be the method adopted. This would mean that Russia could keep its ABM ring around Moscow, but America must tear down its ABM installations in North Dakota and Montana. One of the two powers is expected to present a draft treaty soon after the Helsinki round opens, the sources said. Although many political, geographical and military details remain to be worked out, they said the treaty might be finished when the talks recess before Christmas. A spring session in Vienna is expected. The sources said the exchange involving the American ABM and the Soviet SS9 was an "apples and oranges" deal necessitated by the fact that the two nations, having different security requirements, place a different value on weapons systems. In addition, they said, there is considerable doubt in America whether the Safeguard ABM system will ever work proper- ly—and these doubts are matched by the suspicion that the Soviet SS9 is too big and unwieldly to be an efficient strike weapon. Because of this, the sources said, the two weapons systems made excellent bargaining tools. The most likely agreement, they said, would allow both nations to install single rings of ABMs and to build a few giant missiles. In both cases the numbers would be low enough to keep either system from reinvigorating the arms race. The Institute for Strategic Studies, a highly regarded London research organization, said the United States had a total of 2,160 land-based intercontinental ballistics missiles (ICBMs), submarine-launched missiles and long-range heavy bombers at the end of 1969. At the same time, it said, the Soviet total was 1,410. The Soviet Union has narrowed that gap since then but is still believed to be behind. Since any acceptable arms limitation must be based on parity, a ceiling rather than a freeze on strategic delivery systems is expected to be negotiated in Helsinki, to give Russia a chance to catch up. The ceiling number was expected to be the exact number of the American delivery systems. As long as neither side exceeded this number, the agreement would give America the "sufficiency" that the Nixon administration has said is enough to protect the nation. An important point in the proposal, according to reports from Washington, is permission for either side to replace, modify or improve its missiles and bombers, as long as the numerical ceiling remains. Because of this the agreement would not end the arms race. But it would tend to control it The proposals, once formalized in a treaty, are expected to meet tough sledding in Congress because of the U.S. concessions. But the American delegation is known to feel that the Nixon administration's backing, coupled with support from liberal Democrats, will be enough to push it through. Anti-Safeguard leaders insisting drive to curb system near success Associated Press WASHINGTON - Evidence is conflicting, but leaders of a renewed drive to curb the Safeguard ABM system insist they've found a formula to win a Senate majority without incurring undue White House wrath. The Senate's Republican chieftains disagree. Backers of the plan written by Sen. Edward Brooke, R- Mass., say it will provide as much defensive power as the Nixon plan and maintain the momentum President Nixon has said he needs at arms- control talks with the Soviet Union. They find no broad agreement on that point either. The Brooke plan would, simply put, bar a requested Safeguard expansion to two new bases and use the money saved to improve ABM at the two sites authorized last year. The aim is to stop the geographical expansion of a sys- tern some say has built-in technical faults in its present form and will not function adequately under Soviet missile attack. Two plans rejected by the Senate last Wednesday would either have stopped Safeguard spending altogether — except for research on an improved system — or denied the money to carry out expansion. Brooke said last week he has evidence from inside the administration and the Pentagon that both could comfortably live with his plan. Sen. John Tower, R-Tex., who for more than a week has been saying a vote against Safeguard will be considered a vote against Nixon and his administration, rejected that view: "The Nixon administration will not accept any amendment that will limit Safeguard, including the Brooke amendment." As it has been throughout this year's debate, the key to the final Senate decision remains the degree to which an expanded or restricted Safeguard will affect the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks with Russia. In other words, is Safeguard the vital "bargaining chip" the President needs to get a meaningful agreement on limiting offensive and defensive nuclear arms? Sen. Thomas J. Mclntyre, D-N.H., who voted against the previous amendments primarily because of the bargaining - chip argument, said he is cosponsoring Brooke's plan because he believes it is the solution. "My consultations with the American delegation in Vienna have led me to conclude that intensified work at the Phase I sites — Malmstrom and Grand Forks air bases— will provide ample momentum to support our negotiators," Mclntyre said. Opponents of any change in Safeguard also used the SALT negotiations as a bargaining point, covertly circulating just before last Wednesday's crucial vote a communication — purportedly from Gerard Smith, chief U.S. negotiator at Vienna — stating Safeguard is indeed as vital to his success. Democratic leaders roundly scored that move, saying that if such a letter existed, it should be placed on the table for all to see and discuss. >,955 furnaces ordered by Army remain in crates Associated Press WASHINGTON - Sen. William Proxmire, D-Wis., re, leased a report yesterday 1 showing that five scrap metal melting furnaces ordered by the Army at a cost of $95,955 are still in shipping crates in Vietnam. The report by the General Accounting Office said the furnaces and related equipment were recommended in August 1967, ordered in November 1968 and delivered in October 1969. Proxmire's request for the report came after an Army civilian employe in Vietnam wrote Proxmire that he had seen two of the unused furnaces. The GAO found five, Proxmire said. Other equipment needed to make the furnaces useful brought the total amount of the order to $577,462, the GAO report said. All the other equipment is in use, the report said, with the exception of a $1.40,525 baling press,. v.J.-.H h o.'i.ly n.'.c/iUy brnvnj jji Excerpts from the report included: "We were advised by officials at the Inventory Control Center in April 1970 that the five furnances had been airlifted to Vietnam, arriving about October 1969, and that none of the furnaces had been placed in operation... "In May 1970, we discussed the possible use of the furnaces with officials at Army headquarters, who requested additional information from Vietnam. We were advised in June 1970 that only one of the five furnaces will be placed in operation in Vietnam. "The disposition of the remaining four had not been de- terminde. Presumably, attempts will be made to redistribute them to military and government organisations before they are disposed of as excess property, "Evidently, there was inadequate consideration prior to the procurement of these furnaces uf (he capability to use SOME dJAMONds ouqhiTO be loved FOR TrJEMSElVES Not every diamond is an engagement ring. Not every diamond hat eentimen* tal value. Some of our best diamonds are bought simply because they're beautiful, unique, and exciting. Just like you. WESLEY'S Fine Jewelers Since 1910 t PHOENIX Chrii-Town Canter 0 SCOTTSDALE 80 W. Fifth A LJ Gas ship gets OK to depart Dumping may occur Tuesday, barring injunction Asteciiftd Prtts Capt. A. G. Hamilton commands sea burial of gas United Press International SOUTHPORT, N.C. - The Navy got the okay last night to head out to sea this morning with a cargo of deteriorating nerve gas rockets for burial in the atlantic. A tropical weather disturbance, which had forced postponement of the seagoing phase of the operation, broke up into scattered squalls during the day, clearing the way for departure. "The weather at the site is good," Lt. Cmdr. Jay Standiford said. "The weather on the approach route is good. There's a slight possibility there will be a change, but we're planning to go." Standiford's announcement followed clearance from the Defense Department to begin the 42-hour journey into the Atlantic for s c u 111 i n g the rockets aboard an old Liberty ship, scheduled for Tuesday. Officials first annouced Friday night they were delaying the sailing because of the storm. Yesterday afternoon they met with reporters again to announce the delay had been extended, though "things are looking better." 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W9IIUMI .... ...... ...... miles off Cape Kennedy, but that the operation could be carried out in seas up to eight feet. A half dozen guards patrolled the wharf where the gas ship was berthed, and Coast Guard vessels cruised the surrounding sea areas, keeping other shipping a safe distance from the rusting hulk and its lethal cargo. Florida Gov. Claude Kirk and the Environmental Defense Fund of New York went into court to block dumping of the gas in 16,000 feet of water off the Florida coast, but lost their initial bid Friday to win an injunction. They immediately took their case to an appeals court in Washington, however, and further hearings on the matter are scheduled tomorrow. Rep. Alton Lennon, D-N.C., chairman of a merchant marine and fisheries subcommittee, said, however, the legal action would not hold up the sailing, since the sailing orders contain a "turn around" clause in case the injunction is obtained. There have been suggestions the gas be dumped in a disposal area off the New Jersey coast, but there has been no official comment on this. The government did hasten to assure the Venezuelan government that it had no intention of dumping the gas off its coast. The disclaimer came after tne Venezuelan House of Representatives voted unanimously Friday to. declare any such operation "an unfriendly act." An attorney for the Enyi- ronmental Defense Fund had said during Friday's hearing that the Cariaco trench.off Venezuela might be an ideal dumping place for the gas. • NASSAU, Bahamas (AP) The Bahamas Cabinet went into an all-day emergency session yesterday and voted to lodge what was termed a strong protest against United States plans to dump deadly nerve gas into the Atlantic 150 miles from Abaco Island. The protest was delivered to the assembly of the United Kingdom officials that had traveled to Nassau for a meeting with the Cabinet. Arthur D. 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