Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona on August 16, 1970 · Page 8
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Arizona Republic from Phoenix, Arizona · Page 8

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Phoenix, Arizona
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Sunday, August 16, 1970
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Page 8
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CITY 4-A The Arizona Republic CTO Phoenix, SOT., Aug. 16.wo .Scoffers to limit ABMs, allow Russians to catch up United Press International YIKNNA—The United States has offered !o limit its Safeguard antiballistic missile ABM) system in exchange for Soviet curbs "ii the giant SS9 missiles, diplomatic sources Siiid yesterday. The sources said this was one of the key voposals to emerge from four months of negotiations at the Vienna round of the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, which ended Friday, An agreement is possible, they said, hut all points will be under intense study in Vashington and Moscow before negotiations :vsume in Helsinki Nov. 2. Other points, according to the sources, include: —An American proposal for a numerical rri'ing on strategic delivery systems—both long-range missiles and heavy bombers. Under (his plan bombers and missiles would count equally. Since the United States has more delivery systems than Russia, such a ceiling would freeze the number of American arms and allow the Soviets to catch up. —A low-level limit on ABMs. Single defensive rings around Moscow ana Washing, ton are most likely to be the method adopt- cd. This would mean that Russia could keep its ABM ring around Moscow, but America must tear down its ABM installations in North Dakota and Montana. One of the two powers is expected to present a draft treaty soon after the Helsinki round opens, the sources said. Although many political, geographical and military details remain to be worked out, they said the Ireaty might be finished when the talks recess before Christmas. A spring session in Vienna is expected. The sources said the exchange involving the American ABM and the Soviet SS9 was an "apples and oranges" deal necessitated by the fact that the two nations, having different security requirements, place a differ- .ent value on weapons systems. • In addition, they said, there is considerable doubt in America whether the Safeguard ABM system will ever work proper- ly—and these doubts are matched by the suspicion that the Soviet SS9 is too big and unwieldly to be an efficient strike weapon. Because of this, the sources said, the two weapons systems made excellent bargaining tools. The most likely agreement, they said, would allow both nations to install single rings of ABMs and to build a few giant missiles. In both cases the numbers would be low enough to keep either system from reinvigorating the arms race. The Institute for Strategic Studies, a highly regarded London research organization, said the United States had a total of 2,160 land-based intercontinental ballistics missiles (ICBMs), submarine-launched missiles and long-range heavy bombers at the end of 1969. At the same time, it said, the Soviet total was 1,410. The Soviet Union has narrowed that gap since then but is still believed to be behind. Since any acceptable arms limitation must be based on parity, a ceiling rather than a freeze on strategic delivery systems is expected to be negotiated in Helsinki, to give Russia a chance to catch up. The ceiling number was expected to be the exact number of the American delivery systems. As long as neither side exceeded this number, the agreement would give America the "sufficiency" that the Nixon administration has said is enough to protect the nation. An important point in the proposal, according to reports from Washington, is permission for either side to replace, modify or improve its missiles and bombers, as long as the numerical ceiling remains. Because of this the agreement would not end the arms race. But it would tend to control it. The proposals, once formalized in a treaty, are expected to meet tough sledding in Congress because of the U.S. concessions. But the American delegation is known to feel that the Nixon administration's backing, coupled with support from liberal Democrats, will be enough to push it through. 4 nti-Safeguard leaders insisting drive to curb system near success Associated Press WASHINGTON - Evidence is conflicting, but leaders of a renewed drive to curb the Safeguard ABM system insist they've found a formula to win a Senate majority without incurring undue White House wrath. The Senate's Republican chieftains disagree. Backers of the plan written by Sen. Edward Brooke, R- Mass., say it will provide as much defensive power as the Nixon plan and maintain the momentum President Nixon has said he needs at arms control talks with the Soviet Union. They find no broad agreement on that point either. The Brooke plan would, simply put, bar a requested Safeguard expansion to two new bases and use the money saved to improve ABM at the two sites authorized last year. The aim is to stop the geographical expansion of a system some say has built-in technical faults in its present form and will not function adequately under Soviet missile attack. Two plans rejected by the Senate last Wednesday would either have stopped Safeguard spending altogether — except for research on an improved system — or denied < the money to carry out expansion. Brooke said last week he has eridence from inside the administration and the Pentagon that both could comfortably live with his plan. Sen. John Tower, R : Tex., who for more than a week has been saying a vote against Safeguard will be considered a vote against Nixon and his administration, rejected that view: "The Nixon administration will 'not accept any amendment that will limit Safeguard, including the Brooke amendment." As it has been throughout this year's debate, the key to the final Senate decision remains the degree to which an expanded or restricted Safeguard will affect the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks with Russia. In other words, is Safeguard the vital "bargaining chip" the President needs to get a meaningful agreement on limiting offensive and defensive nuclear arms? Sen. Thomas J. Mclntyre, $95,955 furnaces ordered by Army remain in crates Associated Press WASHINGTON - Sen. William Proxmire, D-Wis., released a report yesterday showing that five scrap metal melting furnaces ordered by the Army at a cost of $95,955 are still in shipping crates in Vietnam. The report by the General Accounting Office said the furnaces and related equipment were recommended in August 1967, ordered in November 1968 and delivered in October 1969. -~>;Proxmire's request for the report came after an Army civilian employe in Vietnam -Vfote Proxmire that he had seen two of the unused furnaces. The GAO found five, Proxmire said. Other equipment needed to make the furnaces useful brought the total amount of the order to $577,462, the GAO report said. AH the pther equipment is jn use, the report said, with the exception of a $140,525 baling press, which only recently arrived w Vietnam. Excerpts from the report included: "We were advised by officials at the Inventory Control Center in April 1970 that the five furnances had been airlifted to Vietnam, arriving about October 1969, and that none of the furnaces had been placed in operation ... "In May 1970, we discussed the possible use of the furnaces with officials at Army headquarters, who requested additional information from Vietnam. We were advised in June 1970 that only one of the five furnaces will be placed in operation in Vietnam. "The disposition of the remaining four had not been de- terminde. Presumably, attempts will be made to redistribute them to military and government organization* be. fore they are disposed of as excess property. "Evidently, there was inadequate consideration prior to the procurement of these furnaces of the capability to use them under conditions existing in Vietnam." D-N.H., who voted against the previous amendments primarily because of the bargaining ,;• chip argument, said he is cosponsoring Brooke's plan because he believes it is the solution. "My consultations with the American delegation in Vienna have led me to conclude that intensified work at the Phase I sites — Malmstrom and Grand Forks air bases— will provide ample momentum to support our negotiators," Mclntyre said. Opponents of any change in Safeguard also used the SALT negotiations as a bargaining point, covertly circulating just before last Wednesday's crucial vote a communication — purportedly from Gerard Smith, chief U.S. negotiator at Vienna — stating Safeguard is indeed as vital to his success. Democratic leaders roundly scored that move, saying that if such a letter existed, it should be placed on the table for all to see and discuss. SOME dJAMONCh ouqkr TO be loved FOR TrlEMSEiVES Not every diamond is an engagement ring. Net every diamond hae tentimen' tal value. Some of our beet .diamonds ere bought simply because they're beautiful, unique, and exciting, Just like you. WESLEY'S Fine Jewelert Sine* 1910 • PHOINIX Chris-Town C«nt«r • scomoAii 90 W. Fifth Av». to OK more offshore gas United Press International ALBANY, N.Y. - Interior Secretary Walter Hickel has been urged by eight states to expand the use of offshore wells to avert a possible shortage of natural gas, New York Public Service Commission Chairman Joseph C. Swidler said yesterday. Swidler said representatives of public utility commissions of the eight states had made the recommendations to Hickel in Washington last Tuesday. No details had been announced after the session. The proposals centered on revised lease practices, Swidler said, to use the offshore oil fields as the 'Tnost promising" source of natural gas for the eastern United States. The officials said new fields in the Atlantic, as well as ones off the Gulf Coast, should be considered. The recommendations included more frequent sales of potential gas acreage, tougher requirements that such leases be developed and using a staggered bonus system as incentive for development. The states represented were New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maine, Rhode Island and North Carolina. vetog not New York Times Service WASHINGTON — The economic committee of the Democratic Policy Council said yesterday President Nixon's veto of education and housing spending bills "simply has no economic Justification" as a needed measure against inflation. The statement described as "an incredible contention in today's weak economy" the assertion of the President that increases in the budget for social purposes "would produce uncontrollable inflationary pressures." On Tuesday, the President vetoed a $4.4 billion Office of Education bill and an $18.1 billion independent offices bill, including funds for housing, calling them inflationary. On Thursday, the House of Representatives overrode the education veto but sustained the rejection of the offices measure. The Democratic statement was written by Gardner Ackley, who was chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers under President Lyndon B, Johnson, and was approved by the economic committee. "We Democrats believe that the time for an economic policy of severe restraint has long since passed," the statement said. The Democratic Policy Council is an arm of the party. The statement was released yesterday through the Democratic National Committee. The underlying argument of the statement was that "the weakening of the economy has been allowed to proceed too far" and that "a redirection of policy toward expansion" is called for. It termed the government's fiscal policy "highly restrictive" and implied that D emos say ' J more spending would be good, not bad, for the economy. As with other statements by Democratic economists, this one was sharply critical of the administration for refusing to use persuasion or "guidelines" to induce private price and wage restraint, sometimes referred to as an incomes policy. Noting the recent "inflation alert" published by the administration, the statement said: "It is not clear to us in what way reports of this kind are expected to have any influence on future wage and price movements." A policy aimed at re-expanding the economy, the statement said, "will not interfere with progress toward the restoration of price stability, especially if the administration is willing to move forward vigorously with an incomes policy, a program of voluntary restraints on prices and wages." More about Continued from Page A-l Ordinarily, the Bahamas are represented by the United Kingdom in relations with other countries. "The United States has already made up its mind to dump the nerve gas near the Bahamas, but I am surprised that they who are champions in the cause of antipollution decided to dump the rockets in the ocean, much less at the doorstep of a friendly nation," acting Prime Minister Arthur D. Hanna said. A State Department spokesman said Burger delays departure of gas ship the United States could not respond to the protest unless the' British government agreed to pass it on to Washington. In rejecting a petition to halt the gas disposal, a U.S. District Court judge in Washington on Friday urgently had requested that a shallower dumping site be found. Florida Gov. Claude Kirk and the Environmental Defense Fund, the nonprofit group of scientists and citizens, had asked Judge June L. Green for a tempo- rary restraining order to stop the disposal of the gas in the area east of Florida. Judge Green accepted the Army's contention that the delay might be harmful to humans because the gas may be leaking inside some of the steel and concrete coffins. But she said she had "serious misgivings about the site of the proposed dumping." She said shallow water would lessen the danger that water pressure would collapse the vaults and release the gas all at once. - GLASS HEW - PRICES CRASH! NIW STTUS-NEW SAVINGS Thousands of FOLl ROLLS 100% Deep Pile NYLON SHAG Installed Over f Your Choice l of Padding THE MOST TREMENDOUS CARPET VALUE EVER OFFERED. Deep Pile, Heavy Double Jute Backing, 12 BEAUTIFUL COLORS, STYLE, QUALITY, EXTRA WEARLIFE. We must sacrifice this entire stock now DURING OUR CLEANUP OPERATIONS. Come in and inspect FULL ROLLS ON DISPLAY. No damaged stock Sq. Yd. $9.95 Values OUR PRICES INCLUDE INSTALLATION AND PADDING LEES Antron MEETS OR EXCEEDS FHA SPECIFICATIONS TOD4YJ 12-5 A $10.95 VALUE We took over an entire MILL INVENTORY BALANCE and SLASHED THE PRICE to offer you a commercial type carpet of unparalleled value. 16 Colors and blendi to suit ANY DECORATING PLAN. Sq. Yd. KODEL COMPARE ANYWHERE AT $12.95 J Polyester Deep Pile Shag Plush THI KIND OF CARPIT YOU USED TO DREAM WAS TOO EXPENSIVE. NOW, offered at a VOLUME PURCHASE LOW PRICE that defies compariton. Thick! Soft, Resilient in delicate pastels and combinations. 7 95 ACRIUN® Acrylic Fiber Super Carpet Suggested Prices to *14" Miracle of TRUE COLOR BALANCE and STRONG-SOFT "FEEL" that marks a really fine carpet. Extra thick Hi-Lo pile in carefully executed style that RIVALS PRICELESS HAND CARVING for theer elegance. I IIYIIDV LUAUni VALUE$ T0 '"•" Decorator Selection INTERIOR DESIGNERS SEARCH FOR CARPET LIKE THIS. 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OPEN: Week nights until 9:00 P.M. Sot. 9-6. Sun. 12-5

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