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PAOBA.4 ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH SATURDAY, JULY 6,1968 Editorials . • .What we think about... ««««*•£«*» . . . MUME*ca P ade It Cotild Happen to Anyone It wasn't planned that way. But viewers of Alton Downtown Inc'e In* dependence Day fireworks display got the most unusual exhibit they're likely to see the rest of their lives — short of a shooting War. They saw half the display go up all at ones. The memory of that sight should linger tong. We hope it carries a lesson — as police report a record number of anti-fireworks law Violations. The lesson should be that accidents can happen even when experts handle fireworks of presumably the highest and safest quality. We hope they'll apply the lesson to both themselves and their children as an added incentive to observe the fireworks law. Again we commend the DAI for its ambitious undertaking — and hope the misadventure Thursday night will not be discouraging in the future. Marshals Know Better Now Evidently there is an assumption among federal marshals that a prisoner can't escape while on a plane 25,000 to 45,000 feet above ground. But the near hijacking of a San Francisco bound flight by a prisoner who persuaded his two accompanying marshals to let him go to the wash room by himself should cause some re-evaluation. in the case at hand, matters worked out quite acceptably. The prisoner, who attempted to deceive operators of the plane, was himself deceived in the end, and recaptured. But many lives were at stake during the tense moments that followed his boast to a stewardess that he was carrying dynamite, and the plane would have to detour to Mexico. Our marshals would do well to keep a closer tether on prisoners aboard planes in the future, even if there is no chance of their jumping out. After all, this is a day of fashionable plane hijacking. Demonstration of Love For years — a genertion past, at least — the general public thought it only practical to keep any retarded children in hiding. The Association for Retarded Children has changed much of that, and institutions such Beverly Farm now receive their "children" from parents who believe they can be given better care there than in the home. But the parents of Leslie Swanson had ample reason to know over the holiday how much the world's attitude has changed toward children like Leslie — even if they didn't have the full impact of the knowledge before. Hundrds of men and boys from the area, including Scott Airbase fliers, scoured the area in Godfrey when the information of the boy's disappearance was spread. And certainly the whole community round about is sorrowing today over the loss of the 'boy who was found in the pond. We hope Mrs. Swanson will keep in her mind and heart the message of love and concern a community can carry for such a boy when it's known he's in distress or danger. Titfor'Tet' If the Commies can do it, so can we. So while North Vietnamese and Viet Cong have been discovered assembling for another attack on Saigon in the midst of the Paris conference questing for peace, the United States once more has stepped up its air raids on at least the southern panhandle of North Vietnam. Air Force B-52's seeking out the concentrations of moving troops and supplies in the area saw two enemy anti-aircraft missiles go by. The experience indicated once again the assistance being received by the North Vietnamese from Russia. The B-52's since last Monday have been carrying out heavy bombardment of enemy artillery sites and storage areas which could be supply points for other troops moving south into the Saigon district. A spokesman for the United States forces said better information now was being received on location of stategic sites. We hope, as he said, that the bombing attacks will succeed in cutting off sources of supply for troops further south. Growing With Gus As many have charged, Gus Hall, general secretary of the American Communist Party, now boasts that his organization has had mem- bers on many college campuses and at the core of numerous youth outbreaks across the country. The general secretary After speaking before delegates to the national Communist Party convention, talked with reporters. He may have wasted his time divulging this information to the conference, or he may well have devoted his words before them to more important instructions to the delegates. The public isn't likely to find out, since the meeting was closed to the press, and Hall's inter* view had to be the source of the information. But if Gus Hall boasts publicly of these operations at this Juncture, we can be sure he has a purpose other than merely supplying information to the public. We'll take it for granted Communists were at the center of many outbreaks across the country. But we also believe Hall is hopeful his disclosure of their identity will bring more converts to his movement — especially if some of our more reactionary spokesmen open up their guns of criticism against relatively innocent participants who didn't even know the ribts were Red-led. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Wonderful Word Stuck in the Depths Peace! What a wonderful word. Have you ever given thought about what would happen if suddenly every person on the face of the earth bel'eved and obeyed the Ten Commandments? God Rave these laws as a yardstick for living. Christ testified to them. He kept them, and he abided in his Father's love. The end of the Holy Book sums it all up. "They have a right to the tree of life who do the commandments of God." If the world kept No. 1 and had only the true God, we wouldn't have all the differing religions on earth today. No. 2 — A lot of cults and traditions would have to fall by the wayside here, especially in countries where cows or h u g e fat statues are adored. No. 3 — We would see people unable to curse any more and our songs would have to be changed, especially the sultry love songs where they implore our Lore's help. No. 4 — This really would shape up quite a few. Once and for all, only one Sabbath day would be in force. No. 5 — This would solve a lot of earth's trouble: No more riots, no more oppression by youth. No mote neglected old folks. God knew what He was doing when He made this commandment with promise. No. 6 — No murder? Glorious! No more "Speck" slayings. No more Kennedy or Martin Luther King assassinations. No more questions over capital punishment. Little children could play in peace. We could walk city streets unafraid. War would end. No. 7 — Families would remain intact. Women would quit thinking of themselves as sex symbols when they're grandmothers and men would cease thinking of themselves as the answer to maidens'. prayers. Both wotfd devote full attention to family. Divorce courts would close. No. 8 — Shoplifting would end (So would stealing from the boss). We could leave possessions unlocked. No. 9 — Perjury would end. When a person gave his word, be would be believed. Witnesses wouldn't have to swear on a stack of Bibles. Advertising would oe truthful. No. 10 — This one is a real goodie. No more "keeping up with the Joneses", who are sometimes running a half-jump ahead of bankruptcy. No more adultery. Divorce would vanish. Some people have been busily at work teaching that God's law fe done away with. The law of God results in peaceful, happy lives and freedom. Sin. which is breaking of these laws of God, results in sickness death, unhappiness, and bondage. Satan teaches hatred of God's law. By the fruits we can see whom the world really does obey. Some day — from Zion — the law will go out. Then and only then should we have peace in this world. DOLORES HALL Box 12 South Roxana Three Steps News dispatchers reported July 24, the results of a survey made by the Associated Press of deaths caused by firearms for the week ending Sunday, June 23, totaled 169. Of this total 14 were accidents, 62 were suicides, and 93 homicides. Gun control laws will not stop the accidents. Gun control Jaws will not stop the suicides. I question the homicides. The survey gives rise to certain questions: 1. How many were shot by police officers? 2. How many were shot by people protecting their property and life? 3. How many were shot by stolen guns. 4. How many were shot during a crime of passion, when any weapon could have been used? I believe that the first step is owner registration, then gun registration and finally gun confiscation. The Democrat and Republican politicians won't help us then for the Communists will already have us. W. L. CORDBS rf 667 Edlawn Wood River Todays Prayer 0 God, grant that in our disorder we may never doubt Thy order and that in all our hostility we may be ever conscious of Thy peaceful purposes. Give us that margin of tolerance which will enable us to respect others and that degree of self-restraint which will make for peace in our world, in our community, in our homes, and in our hearts; through Jesus, the Prince of Peace. Amen. —Scott Brenner, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, editor, Today, Westminster Press. Forum Writers, /Vote Write? Muoei and addreiiei must be publlihed with letters to UM Readers Forum. Letters mutt be concise (preferably not over 1W words.) AU are subject to condensation. David Lawrence Big Change in Vote Power Shown 1 O ~ Kine Features .•*W>W WASHINGTON - The November 1968 election may disclose the effects of the most remarkable redistribution of the voting population that the United States has experienced in its history. Up to now in many a state the electoral vote has been won by a majority largely contributed by one or two big cities where, since the 1930's, the Democrats have built up effective organizations and not only have gotten voters registered but made sure that they went to the polls on election day. The huge majorities piled up in the cities have been counted on to offset Republican strength in rural areas. Now things have changed. Instead of merely a contest between the rural and city vote, the 19G8 election will be decided by three categories — the inner city, the suburban areas, and the rural districts Which include the smaller cities and towns. The fact is that, because of the shift of population from cities to the suburban areas, there are today 156.5 million Americans outside the large central cities — or nearly four persons to each one hi the big cities. Voters divide hi about the same ratio. This can have a very far-reaching significance in American politics. For the suburban and rural areas have Victor Riesel Moderate Student Leader Predicts New Riots There are other student leaders besides those who lead the SDS assaults on the nation's campuses. One of the moderates is Edward Schwartz, 25-year-old liberal president of the U.S. National Sti'dent Assn., which speaks for 1.7 million young men and women in the nation's colleges. He has been warning Congress and the people that there will be new riotous demonstrations, sit-ins, shout-outs, confrontations and violent clashes next fall — unless. .. I asked him, as spokesman for the country's largest student organization (made up of student government leaders from 340 campuses), to outline just what he means and what he and his colleagues want. Here is his reply (in part): By EDWARD SCHWARTZ President of the National Student Association WASHINGTON — Those in the know around the student community ere predicting that an even stormier atmosphere may exist on campus next fall than dominated academic life this spring. The prediction stems not from any inside dope on a new "conspiracy" or even from a sense'thnt college administrators have begun to harden in opposition to student demands. They arise, rather, from an assessment of unfolding political events between now and autumn, and the impact of these events on the nation's young. The past year has witnessed a continuing conflict between two anti-Johnson, anti-establishment forces on the campus — young radicals and young liberals. The young radicals, affiliated largely with the Students for a Democratic Society, have relied almost exclusively on large, even disruptive, demonstrations against the Pentagon, war recruiters on campus, and Columbia University to express their discontent. The young liberals, who work primarily through student government and attend conferences of the National Student Association, have tried to channel dis- content through the "system" by supporting the candidacy of Eugene McCarthy through most of the year.... traditionally tended to be Republican while the inner cities have generally been Democratic. The changes in the population of the cities are extensive. The latest study of the U.S. Census Bureau, covering the period of April, 1960, to April, 1966, shows that in metropolitan areas the rate of population increase was nearly 10 times as much outside the inner city — or hi "suburbia" — than in the inner city itself. Even the 1960 census figures, moreover, showed the same trend. The population of New York City, for instance, was down 1.4 per cent from 1950, while the surrounding suburbs went up 75 per cent. The same thing happened hi Chicago, where the city population dropped about 2 per cent, end the suburbs gained 71.5 per cent. One of the most interesting shift was in the Minneapolis- St Paul area, where the central-city population was down 4.4 per .cent while the suburban population went up 115.7 per cent. The same pattern was found In Detroit, Baltimore, Phtldel- phla, Cleveland, St. Louis, Los Angeles-Long Beach and other big cities whose vote heretofore has been crucial in deciding .the electoral votes of their respective states. Since 1960 the movement of people into the suburbs has accelerated. This has just been confirmed by a survey issued this week in New York City by the city university there. It shows that the population of the city itself has been decreasing or only holding at the level of the 1960 census. The university's estimate puts the city's population in 1966 at 7,532,000, which is 437,000 below the census bureau estimate of 7,969,000 as of July 1, 1966, and 249,984 less than the 1960 official census of 7,781,948. The latest figure also is even further below the estimate of 8,125,000 made by the consolidated Edison Company Jan. 1, 1967. There are, of course, many reasons why the big cities are losing population, but it is evident from the dty university's report in New York that middle- income whites numbering at least 674,000 have been lost to the city itself since 1960. The population shift will be reflected largely among the dissidents Inside the Democratic Party. Lots of them may choose to stay at home on election day, but more significantly many of them will not contribute money to the campaign or do much of the precinct work such as has been so helpful to the Democratic Party in the past in carrying the large cities — and thus swinging the big electoral votes of the most populous states. The redistribution of population is unquestionably an encouragement trend for the Republican Party. If it can manage to get through the convention without any deep-seated resentments, the chances are that the Republicans will cast a larger vote throughout the United States hi the suburban as well as the rural districts than ever before. This, together with the split in the Democratic ranks and the possible failure of many regular Democrats to go to the polls, could give the Republicans the biggest landslide they have had in many years. Washington Merry-Go-Round Middle Class Hit by Disproportionate Taxes By DREW PEARSON AND JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - Now that Congres.3 has increased taxes, House leaders have grudgingly agreed to take up the tax reforms which could have made a tax boost unnecessary. Speaker John McCormack, D-Mass., has promised liberals that the House Ways and Means Commitcee, at long last, will start hearings. Ways and Means Chairman Wilbur Mills, D-Ark., though generally opposed to closing the.tax loopholes, has agreed not to oppose the hearings. However, here is the unpublicized gimmick. After the tax re- formers have presented their case, Cj.igress will shut down without taking action. For congressional leaders have no real intention of plugging the tax loophole. If they are ever plugged, income taxes could be slashed instead of raised. Rep James J. Howard, D- N.J., put it bluntly during the recent tax debate: "Middle class America has carried this nation on its buck for far too long. This House today should be talking nbout, thinking about, and acting upon a bill for fair taxes, not just more taxes." Last yitar, for example, 20 major oil companies rang up a net prof't of almost $5 billion while they paid net taxes averaging less than 9 per cent. In past years, the average has been closer to 4 per cent. The giant of the industry, Standard Oil of New Jersey, collected such fabulous profits in 1966 that it was able to show a net gain of over $1 billion. This is more revenue than most nations collect. Yet the company paid only a 7.3 per cent tax, a smaller percentage than the average scrubwoman pays. From 1962 to 1967, the Atlantic Oil Crrp. cleared over $340 million in profits, yet paid no taxes at all. Even more astounding, the Marathon Oil Co., de- PEARSON ANDERSON spite a net profit of over $37 million ir 1962, not only failed to pay ary taxes that year but actually received a $2.2 million tax credit from the government. The Koeclal interest* protect their tax privileges by handing out big Campaign contributions. Not until the people convince Congress that their votes count more than campaign dollars will they get a tax break. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago JULY I, IMS As the result of a side-swiping collision Sunday •vetting between a truck and his wdan, Forbie Clay Wout, 20, farmer at Pleasant Hill, suffered such se- ypre injuries tbat amputation of his left arm four lOChes below Ills ihoulder was necessary. Stout, Gerald Main of Pittsfield and Glenn Shellhorse of ?fea«ant ttffi, were returning from a trip to St. Louis Wbeo the, mishap occurred on Route 67, a mile north 0 0» Junction with Rout* m at Godfrey Township. r «f tfce truck was B*t Varble of Carrollton. bid bis left arm ipliHf «B tti opened window «ir when the eccldoat occurred. Qwtv A, flrini, a JKfiMxfy ef Community Park, Hartford, who enlisted following his graduation from East Alton-Wood River Community High School, was among 10 Illinoisans of Ninth Air Force in India who received the Distinguished Flying Cross. Pvt. Clifford J. Gauntt Jr. who had been a prisoner of the Japanese since the fall of Corregldor, was at a camp in Mukden, Manchukuo, according to tiw War Department, He was a member of the Coast Guard, and the last letter received from him bad been dated Nov. 20, 1041, and required 58 days to reach here. Pvt. Jason C. Bramball Jr. was back in the United States after four months active service in the South Pacific. He was in the Oakland, California, hospital. For the first time since fireworks became a major portion of the July 4 celebration, there were no deaths in the United States listed as a result of handling them. Because of travel restrictions due to gasoline rationing, deaths from traffic accidents had dropped almost half from the year previous to the institution of rationing. Herbert C. Hellrung Jr., naval aviation cadet, would report for active duty at St. Louis, for assignment to a base. 50 Years Ago JULY 6, 1918 Senator J. Hamilton Hewis of Illinois introduced a bill creating a department of railroads and tele, graphs as President Wilson clashed with Senator Martin over the chief executive's demand for power to seize the telephone and telegraph lines. The river steamer Columbia, a frequent visitor at Alton, sank near Peoria with nearly 600 persons aboard. Sixty-four bodies bad been recovered. Police Chief Peter Fitzgerald's "work or fight" campaign was bearing fruit. More than 200 men found not working were referred to the employment office by the chief and found jobs where they still were employed. J. T. King, 10 years a director of the Upper Alton Cemetery Association, resigned. Barbers who had raised their prices to 15 cents for a shave and 25 cents for a haircut were reporting no loss hi. business. Meanwhile, dealers in safety razor blades were being notified of a possible advance in price. A custom of many years standing .would have to be broken. Local Food Administrator A. F. Cousley informed the Sparks Milling Co. that under food regulations it would not be permitted to give away a half barrel of flour to the farmer bringing in the first load of newly harvested wheat. Western Cartridge Co. workers were informed they could expect to receive government badge* for four months work at the ammunition plant, tndVxtra service bars later on. Committees of foremen at the Western plant were planning a course of instruction for new workers. County Supt. H. T. McCrea reported an unusually large number of rural school boards experiencing difficulty in filling vacancies because of the attraction of war industry Jobs. Retiring Supt. ft. A. HftJgbt also reported difficulty in fining two remaining va-' on the high school faculty here.